CN103721821B - A kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line - Google Patents

A kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103721821B
CN103721821B CN201210423016.4A CN201210423016A CN103721821B CN 103721821 B CN103721821 B CN 103721821B CN 201210423016 A CN201210423016 A CN 201210423016A CN 103721821 B CN103721821 B CN 103721821B
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China
Prior art keywords
envelope
feeding
crushing
pedestal
machine
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210423016.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103721821A (en
Inventor
朱兴良
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YIWU B&W MINING MACHINERY CO Ltd
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YIWU B&W MINING MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210423016.4A priority Critical patent/CN103721821B/en
Publication of CN103721821A publication Critical patent/CN103721821A/en
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Publication of CN103721821B publication Critical patent/CN103721821B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line, wherein feeding envelope, crushing mechanism, pedestal and vibration envelope are combined into one from top to bottom; Pedestal is arranged on a stand by an elastic supporting mechanism; Described feeding envelope is located at above pedestal by a bracing member, and the outlet of feeding envelope adapts with the import of crushing mechanism crusher chamber; Described vibration envelope is directly fixed on below pedestal, and the import of vibration envelope and crushing mechanism crusher chamber export and adapt, and is provided with some layers of screen cloth in vibration envelope." vibrating shaft " " coaxial " in " eccentric shaft " in crusher and feeding machine, vibratory sieve equipment is designed to " energy saving single machine crushing production line " by the present invention, is completed whole operations of feeding, fragmentation, conveying and screening by unit.It exempts the huge energy consumption of conveying, screening completely, and the vibration " drawback " utilizing crusher in crushing move to produce has carried out whole operations of production line, and change " fraud " is " profit ".

Description

A kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to mining machinery technical field, is more particularly a kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line.
Background technology
Feeding, fragmentation and screening are the most basic, prevailing operations in mining machinery field.
Feeding, fragmentation and screening have a structural features, and namely they all contain the main shaft of an eccentric setting.This main shaft claims " driving shaft " in cataclasitlc structure, in feeding, screening structure, claim " driving shaft ".The function of driving shaft makes disintegrating machine produce broken stroke, thus effectively broken; The function of driving shaft makes feeding machine, vibratory sieve produce exciting force, thus effectively feeding and screening.Three's function is different, but its structure all has points of resemblance, and namely all has " eccentric structure ".
In prior art, feeding, fragmentation and screening operation are completed by the equipment of three platform independent respectively, and have connected logistics operation with a conveyer, the part (feeding----broken----conveying----screening) in composition production procedure.The result of such design and layout is:
(1), need use feeding machine, disintegrating machine, conveyer and vibratory sieve four equipment, cost is high;
(2), floor space is very large, because conveyer has one to carry upper limit angle (to be generally < 18 °, angle crosses conference blanking), and fragmentation, screening plant and support thereof have certain height, therefore every bar conveyor lengths all reaches 20-35m.Whole crushing production line is just very huge, and floor space is naturally very large.
(3), equipment must space out installation and operation, is not easy to unified use management;
(4), between equipment and equipment must complete logistics transportation with conveyer, add the input cost of conveying equipment and run power consumption.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned deficiency making up prior art, provide a kind of take up an area little, cost is low, power consumption is economized, use management energy saving single machine crushing production line easily.
In order to reach above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line, is characterized in that, comprises feeding envelope, vibration envelope, crushing mechanism, pedestal and stand,
Described feeding envelope, crushing mechanism, pedestal and vibration envelope are combined into one from top to bottom;
Pedestal is arranged on a stand by an elastic supporting mechanism;
Described feeding envelope is located at above pedestal by a bracing member, and the outlet of feeding envelope adapts with the import of crushing mechanism crusher chamber;
Described vibration envelope is directly fixed on below pedestal, and the import of vibration envelope and crushing mechanism crusher chamber export and adapt, and is provided with some layers of screen cloth in vibration envelope.
As preferably, described crushing mechanism comprises disintegrating machine and motor, and disintegrating machine can be jaw crusher, impact breaker, hammer mill or kibbler roll.
As preferably, pedestal is provided with disintegrating machine mount pad and motor mount.
As preferably, described elastic supporting mechanism comprises the spring of vertical supporting between pedestal and stand.
As preferably, described elastic supporting mechanism also comprises the spring be laterally limited between pedestal and stand.
As preferably, the screen cloth in vibration envelope is 1 to 4 layer.
The present invention has four large key structural feature:
1. pedestal is set, frame (disintegrating machine) and vibration envelope are combined as a whole (being connected to above and below pedestal);
2. feeding envelope is arranged on above disintegrating machine;
3. pedestal is connected on stand by elastic supporting mechanism;
4. vibrate envelope to be directly fixed on below pedestal.
Of the present invention opening one's minds is:
(1) general plotting: feeding equipment, disintegrating apparatus and screening plant are that its core component is all containing " driving shaft " along the visual plant connecing operation in crushing production line.Imagining feeding, fragmentation and screening three equipment conjunction three is one, share " driving shaft axle ", be designed to feeding, fragmentation, screening one " energy saving single machine crushing production line ", utilize same " driving shaft ", complete whole operations of crushing production line feeding, fragmentation, conveying and screening.
(2) details design: be divided into following three kinds of situations:
1, the first situation, the driving shaft of feeding machine (as shown in Figure 1) and vibratory sieve (as shown in Figure 3) is eccentric structure, and the driving shaft of disintegrating apparatus has eccentric structure and not eccentric structure two kinds.
In all disintegrating machine kinds, only have the driving shaft of jaw crusher to have eccentric structure (as shown in Figure 2), all the other (as reaction type, bevel-type, roll-type, circular cone type and impact types etc.) are not all containing eccentric structure.The present invention is best " crushing production line " with the jaw crusher containing eccentric structure driving shaft, although other kind disintegrating machines do not have eccentric structure driving shaft, but also there is certain vibration force, as need eccentric force be increased, eccentric block can be increased on its drive.
2, the second situation, the driving shaft of feeding machine and vibratory sieve has single shaft, twin shaft and three axles, three kinds of structures; And disintegrating machine only has single shaft and twin shaft two kinds of structures, and (impact breaker only has single axle; Jaw, circular cone type, kibbler roll have single axle and twin axle two kinds of structures).
After disintegrating machine is combined with feeding machine, vibratory sieve, its axis structure different-effect is also not quite similar:
(1). single-shaft configuration formula, owing to not having direction of excitation angle, screen cloth needs oblique setting, to utilize gravity to produce flow direction of material (Uniaxle excitation feeding and screening produce be the exciting effect of circular motion track);
(2). cross-compound arrangement formula (with gear drive, synchronous backward running), because of there being vibrating direction angle, screen cloth can be horizontally disposed with (two-axle vibration exciting feeding and screening generation be the exciting effect of straight-line trajectory);
(3). three-axis structure formula, feeding and vibratory sieve have triple axle structure, and various disintegrating machine is without triple axle structure, but another innovation bright spot of the present invention is: the cross-compound arrangement formula of feeding machine and vibratory sieve is designed to eccentric structure small one and large one, the effect (three axle excitings screenings produce be the exciting effect of elliptical trajectory) of three-axis structure formula can be produced equally.
3, the third situation, the driving shaft of feeding machine and vibratory sieve is horizontal, and disintegrating machine driving shaft divides, and horizontal and vertical (jaw, bevel-type, roll-type and impact breaker are horizontal type structure; Circular cone type and impact crusher are vertical structure), no matter horizontal or vertical, disintegrating machine has vibration, can be designed to " broken screen(ing) machine " of the present invention.But vertical type driving shaft does not have eccentric structure, as will exciting force be strengthened, cone crusher can arrange eccentric block (power transmission shaft is horizontal) on power transmission shaft, impact crusher does not have the power transmission shaft of horizontal type structure, eccentric block can be set on motor wheel, to increase eccentricity excitation power.
Implementing measure of the present invention is: by arranging a pedestal, disintegrating machine is arranged on above pedestal, 1 then, the core component of feeding machine " vibrator " is removed, remaining " feeding casing " is arranged on (outlet of feeding envelope is connected with crusher feed-inlet) above disintegrating machine; 2, the core component of vibratory sieve " vibrator " is also removed, remaining " vibration casing " is arranged on (vibratory sieve discharging opening is connected with vibratory sieve upstream extremity) below pedestal, feeding envelope, disintegrating machine and vibration envelope three are connected.
Like this, " driving shaft " (no matter being single shaft or twin shaft) of disintegrating machine is also feeding machine, vibratory sieve " driving shaft " simultaneously, has and jointly completes " feeding ", function needed for " fragmentation " and " screening " three operations.
Core technology of the present invention " the multi-functional Nei Shengshi of unit " crushing production line design replaces prior art, routine " multimachine combination expansion " or " multicomputer intersection Chinese style " crushing production line.
Technical measures raw in its function are by " driving shaft " in crusher and " driving shaft " in feeding machine and vibratory sieve equipment, " coaxial " is designed to " energy saving single machine crushing production line ", is completed whole operations of feeding, fragmentation, conveying and screening by unit.It has many technological highlights:
1, one of bright spot, together with the feeding machine be originally in first of production line is moved to the vibratory sieve of the tail being in production line (version one on the other), visible structure of the present invention compact;
2, bright spot two, the variation achieving disintegrating machine is selected (as broken in jaw, roll-type is broken or counterattack is broken etc.), with multifunction development (as dual-spindle dual-crank rocker mechanism jaw breaks, there is two-stage, three grades of crushing functions and function etc. of sieving halfway);
3, bright spot three, give birth in all functions of the present invention are all in same equipment, logistics is accomplished without any letup, and along having held, eliminates the conveyer between all each functions;
4, bright spot four, significantly energy-conservation, the feeding in the present invention and screening two large functions not from wasted work, but utilize disintegrating machine remained shock " wasted energy ", and especially jaw crusher is good.
The most significant functional character of the present invention is a simplified number of devices (it is that feeding machine, disintegrating machine, vibratory sieve and conveyer close four), reduce manufacturing cost (remove the vibrator of feeding machine and vibratory sieve and power supporting after, the weight of feeding machine and vibratory sieve about alleviates 30 ~ 40%, and cost about reduces by 50 ~ 60%).
" energy saving single machine crushing production line " designs, and is broken, feeding and material sieving technology field, and even the new exploration of technological progress in crushing production line technical field, because its energy-saving effect is remarkable, so, be also a great power-saving technology innovation simultaneously!
Except above remarkable result, the present invention also has following beneficial effect:
1. equipment of saving is from wasted work.Feeding machine and vibratory sieve arrange exciter apparatus and cause huge structure (large with material), from stature weight, account for 20% from wasted work, after removing vibrator, except can economizing merit 20%, are omitted the input cost of two conveying equipments and run power consumption.
As the present invention's utilization is jaw crusher, then can fully use jaw to break self eccentricity excitation, energy-saving effect is more remarkable.Vibration is the drawback that jaw is broken originally, and it is " profit " that the present invention becomes " fraud ", both completes " feeding, screening " operation in the lump, plays again " weakening " effect.
2. simplify crushing production line flow process, be convenient to installation, care and maintenance.The fault about 90% of feeding machine and vibratory sieve occurs in vibrator assembly, after having removed vibrator (only remaining envelope), except replacing wear-out part, there is mechanical breakdown hardly.
3. pair old product transformation is convenient.
4. floor space is little.
5. function is concentrated, unit operation, easy to use and management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is prior art feeding machine structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of prior art disintegrating machine;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of prior art one-eccentric rotor type vibrator vibratory sieve;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation that the present invention contains jaw crusher;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation that the present invention contains impact breaker;
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation that the present invention contains hammer mill;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation that the present invention contains kibbler roll;
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural representation of elastic supporting mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the another kind of structural representation of elastic supporting mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation that the present invention vibrates envelope;
Figure 11 is the another kind of structural representation that the present invention contains jaw crusher;
Figure 12 is the another kind of structural representation that the present invention contains impact breaker;
Figure 13 is the another kind of structural representation that the present invention contains hammer mill;
Figure 14 is the another kind of structural representation that the present invention contains kibbler roll.
In figure: 1-disintegrating machine, 2-pedestal, 3-stand, 4-vibrates envelope, 5-screen cloth, 6-spring, 7-disintegrating machine mount pad, 8-motor mount, 9-jaw crusher, 10-impact breaker, 11-hammer mill, 12-kibbler roll, 13-motor, 14-feeding envelope, 15-support bar.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 4, a kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line, comprises feeding envelope 14, crushing mechanism, pedestal 2, vibration envelope 4 and stand 3, and feeding envelope 14, crushing mechanism, pedestal 2 and vibration envelope 4 are combined into one from top to bottom.Crushing mechanism comprises disintegrating machine 1 and motor 13, and disintegrating machine 1 is jaw crusher 9.
As shown in Figure 8, pedestal 2 is arranged on stand 3 by elastic supporting mechanism; Elastic supporting mechanism comprises the spring 6 of vertical supporting between pedestal 2 and stand 3 and the spring 6 be laterally limited between pedestal 2 and stand 3.Pedestal 2 is provided with disintegrating machine mount pad 7 and motor mount 8.
As shown in Figure 10, feeding envelope 14 is erected at above pedestal 2 by a support bar 15, and feeding envelope 14 exports and adapts with crushing chamber of crusher import.
Vibration envelope 4 is directly fixed on below pedestal 2, and the import of vibration envelope 4 and crushing chamber of crusher export and adapt, and arranges the screen cloth 5 that haves three layers in vibration envelope 4.
Embodiment 2: as shown in Figure 9, pedestal 2 is arranged on stand 3 by elastic supporting mechanism; Elastic supporting mechanism comprises the spring 6 of vertical supporting between pedestal 2 and stand 3.
All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 5, disintegrating machine 1 is impact breaker 10.
All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4: as shown in Figure 6, disintegrating machine 1 is hammer mill 11.
All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5: as shown in Figure 7, disintegrating machine 1 is kibbler roll 12.
All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6: as shown in figure 11, feeding envelope 14 1 side-lower is erected at above pedestal 2 by a support bar 15, is erected on stand 3 below opposite side by support bar 15, but below this place's support bar 15 and feeding envelope 14 between be provided with spring 6; Feeding envelope 14 exports and adapts with crushing chamber of crusher import.
All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 7: as shown in figure 12, feeding envelope 14 1 side-lower is erected at above pedestal 2 by a support bar 15, is erected on stand 3 below opposite side by support bar 15, but below this place's support bar 15 and feeding envelope 14 between be provided with spring 6; Feeding envelope 14 exports and adapts with crushing chamber of crusher import.
All the other are with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 8: as shown in figure 13, feeding envelope 14 1 side-lower is erected at above pedestal 2 by a support bar 15, is erected on stand 3 below opposite side by support bar 15, but below this place's support bar 15 and feeding envelope 14 between be provided with spring 6; Feeding envelope 14 exports and adapts with crushing chamber of crusher import.
All the other are with embodiment 4.
Embodiment 9: as shown in figure 14, feeding envelope 14 1 side-lower is erected at above pedestal 2 by a support bar 15, is erected on stand 3 below opposite side by support bar 15, but below this place's support bar 15 and feeding envelope 14 between be provided with spring 6; Feeding envelope 14 exports and adapts with crushing chamber of crusher import.
All the other are with embodiment 5.
The embodiment of the above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limits practical range of the present invention with this, therefore the change that all shapes according to the present invention, principle are done, all should be encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an energy saving single machine crushing production line, is characterized in that, comprises feeding envelope, vibration envelope, crushing mechanism, pedestal and stand,
Described feeding envelope, crushing mechanism, pedestal and vibration envelope are combined into one from top to bottom;
Pedestal is arranged on a stand by an elastic supporting mechanism;
Described feeding envelope is located at above pedestal by a bracing member, and the outlet of feeding envelope adapts with the import of crushing mechanism crusher chamber;
Described vibration envelope is directly fixed on below pedestal, and the import of vibration envelope and crushing mechanism crusher chamber export and adapt, and is provided with some layers of screen cloth in vibration envelope;
Described feeding envelope, vibration envelope and crushing mechanism being closed three is one, utilizes same driving shaft, adopts close coupled type design, has carried out whole operations of feeding, fragmentation, conveying and screening.
2. energy saving single machine crushing production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described crushing mechanism comprises disintegrating machine and motor, and disintegrating machine can be jaw crusher, impact breaker, hammer mill or kibbler roll.
3. energy saving single machine crushing production line according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, pedestal is provided with disintegrating machine mount pad and motor mount.
4. energy saving single machine crushing production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described elastic supporting mechanism comprises the spring of vertical supporting between pedestal and stand.
5. energy saving single machine crushing production line according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described elastic supporting mechanism also comprises the spring of cross-brace between pedestal and stand.
6. the energy saving single machine crushing production line according to claim 1 or 4 or 5, is characterized in that, the screen cloth in vibration envelope is 1 to 4 layer.
CN201210423016.4A 2012-10-16 2012-10-16 A kind of energy saving single machine crushing production line Expired - Fee Related CN103721821B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105964386A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-09-28 天津市畅悦电子科技有限公司 Grading and discharging device used for pulverizer

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202028417U (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-11-09 葛峰 Integral concentrating machine
CN202845144U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-03 义乌市黑白矿山机械有限公司 Energy-saving single-unit crushing production line

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202028417U (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-11-09 葛峰 Integral concentrating machine
CN202845144U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-03 义乌市黑白矿山机械有限公司 Energy-saving single-unit crushing production line

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