CN103714592B - Method and system for monitoring boarding of school bus - Google Patents

Method and system for monitoring boarding of school bus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103714592B
CN103714592B CN201310723688.1A CN201310723688A CN103714592B CN 103714592 B CN103714592 B CN 103714592B CN 201310723688 A CN201310723688 A CN 201310723688A CN 103714592 B CN103714592 B CN 103714592B
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China
Prior art keywords
information
student
bus
confirmation
label tag
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CN201310723688.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103714592A (en
Inventor
戴万谋
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深圳市天天上网络科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201310723688.1A priority Critical patent/CN103714592B/en
Publication of CN103714592A publication Critical patent/CN103714592A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method and a system for monitoring the boarding of a school bus. The method for monitoring the boarding of the school bus comprises the steps of A, establishing a relation correspondence table; B, reading an RFID (radio frequency identification) label to form a boarding confirmation message, uploading the boarding confirmation message to a remote server, and transmitting the boarding confirmation message to a mobile terminal; C, acquiring location information to form a traveling message, uploading the traveling message to the remote server, and transmitting the traveling message to the mobile terminal; D, prompting the students to get off the school bus, forming debus confirmation information, uploading the debus confirmation information to the remote server, and transmitting the debus confirmation information to the mobile terminal. The method and the system have the beneficial effects that the boarding, traveling and debus process of the students taking the school bus are completely monitored, and the situation of a student taking the school bus can be acquired by parents or teachers in real time through a mobile phone.

Description

A kind of school bus monitor method and system by bus
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicle monitoring technical field, more particularly, it relates to the side of monitoring by bus of a kind of school bus Method and system.
Background technology
The great attention of the traffic safety of students in middle and primary schools extremely personages of various circles of society and concern.Therefore, school is strengthened Car manage, except need management system by strict implement in addition to, in addition it is also necessary to have the cooperation of technological means, early stage Having producer based on GPS/GPRS/GIS core technology, be proposed vehicle-mounted terminal system, car-mounted terminal is same Backstage vehicle management system combines, it is achieved the location to school bus, by circuit, the record of anchor point, Realizing the playback to track of vehicle, deviation route is reported to the police, and car-mounted terminal can also be to speed, by bus personnel Real-time monitoring, strengthen overspeed of vehicle, the management of overload.Car-mounted terminal can also monitor vehicle shape State is monitored.
This type of vehicle-mounted terminal system completes passive monitoring and the supervision of school bus, but school bus is a kind of special car , it also needs to realize the management and service to individual students.Such as, student takes school bus the most on time, How to guarantee that student arrives safely school or destination etc. during taking school bus.And the head of a family wishes The child understanding oneself in real time takes the security situation of school bus, and teacher also is intended to be examined student by school bus Diligent etc..
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, for the drawbacks described above of prior art, it is provided that a kind of school bus Monitor method and system by bus.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: an aspect of of the present present invention, structure one The method that monitors by bus of school bus, for getting on the bus school bus, drives a vehicle and the process of getting off carries out complete monitoring, should Method comprises the following steps:
A, setting up a relation correspondence table, described relation correspondence table prestores the personal information of student, gets off ground Point and the unique identification information of storage student on the rfid labels;
The unique identification information of the student on B, in real time reading RFID label tag, calls described relation correspondence table Prestored information described unique identification information is compared, to judge to hold the student of described RFID label tag Get on the bus, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called and the described information judging that student has got on the bus The confirmation by bus of composition student, and described confirmation by bus is uploaded to the remote server preset, Sent to the mobile terminal preset by described remote server;
C, the most in real time acquisition location information, by prestoring of the described relation correspondence table called The running information of information and described location information composition student, and described running information is uploaded to described remotely Server, is sent to described mobile terminal by described remote server;
D, when described location information matches with place of getting off, of described RFID label tag is held in prompting Give birth to car, and judge time outside described RFID label tag is in read range to hold described RFID label tag Student gets off, and with described, the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called is judged what student had got off The confirmation of getting off of information composition student, and described confirmation of getting off is uploaded to described remote service Device, is sent to described mobile terminal by described remote server.
In monitoring method by bus of the present invention, also include in described step A: described relation pair Table is answered to prestore initial value and the higher limit of number of passengers, when the ignition switch of described school bus is from LOCK shelves Switching to number of passengers during ACC shelves is initial value, and when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full Member;
Described step B also includes: when forming the confirmation by bus of student, number of passengers adds one, When numerical value is not less than higher limit, points out full information to student, and be uploaded to preset by described full information Remote server, by described remote server send to mobile terminal;
Described step D also includes: composition student get off confirmation time, number of passengers subtracts one.
In monitoring method by bus of the present invention, also include in described step B: judge to hold institute State the student of RFID label tag when getting on the bus, take pictures to generate photo to described student, described in being called Information and described photo that the prestored information of relation correspondence table, described judgement student have got on the bus form student's Confirmation by bus.
In monitoring method by bus of the present invention, also include in described step A: described relation pair Table is answered to prestore the head image information of student;
Described step B also includes: call the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table head portrait to student Information is compared, to judge that student gets on the bus.
In monitoring method by bus of the present invention, include in described step C: in described school bus Portion carries out real-time video monitoring to generate video monitoring information, by prestoring of the described relation correspondence table called Information, described location information and the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, by described driving Information is uploaded to described remote server, is sent to described mobile terminal by described remote server.
In monitoring method by bus of the present invention, also include in described step C: at driving conditions The air bag of the described school bus of middle detection, sends collision accident signal alarm at described air bag.
Another aspect of the present invention, it is provided that the monitoring system by bus of a kind of school bus, this system includes vehicle intelligent Terminal, RFID label tag, remote server and mobile terminal;
Described vehicle intelligent terminal is arranged in described school bus, including processor, RFID reader, storage Device, wireless communication module and GPS module;Described RFID reader and RFID label tag wireless connections, It is stored in the information in described RFID label tag for reading;It is corresponding that described storage device is used for setting up a relation Table, described relation correspondence table prestore student personal information, get off place and storage on the rfid labels The unique identification information of student;Described wireless communication module is for leading to remote server by mobile network Letter connects;Described GPS module is for the location information of the described school bus of acquisition in real time;Described processor and institute State RFID reader, storage device, described wireless communication module and GPS module to connect, be used for reading The unique identification information of the student in RFID label tag, calls the prestored information of described relation correspondence table to described Unique identification information is compared, and to judge that the student holding described RFID label tag gets on the bus, will be called Described relation correspondence table prestored information with described judge information composition student that student got on the bus by bus Confirmation, and described confirmation by bus is uploaded to described remote server by wireless communication module; Obtain the location information of GPS module the most in real time, by the described relation correspondence table that called Prestored information forms the running information of student with described location information, and described running information is passed through channel radio Letter module is uploaded to described remote server;When described location information matches with place of getting off, pass through RFID reader prompting is held the student of described RFID label tag and is got off, and is in reading in described RFID label tag Judge when taking outside scope that the student holding described RFID label tag gets off, the described relation pair that will be called Answer the prestored information of table and the described confirmation of getting off judging information composition student that student got off, and lead to Cross wireless communication module and described confirmation of getting off is uploaded to described remote server;
Described RFID label tag for storage and in real time to RFID reader transmission student uniquely identify letter Breath;
Described remote server is by mobile network and described vehicle intelligent terminal and described communication of mobile terminal Connect, be used for storing described confirmation, running information and confirmation of getting off by bus, and ride described Confirmation, running information and confirmation of getting off send to described mobile terminal;
Described mobile terminal is used for showing described confirmation, running information and confirmation of getting off by bus.
In monitoring system by bus of the present invention, described vehicle intelligent terminal also includes that ignition switch connects Mouthful, described ignition switch interface is connected with the ignition switch of processor and described school bus, is used for detecting described point The signal of fire switch;
Described storage device is additionally operable to prestore the initial value of number of passengers and the upper limit in described relation correspondence table Value;
Described processor is additionally operable to the number of passengers when described ignition switch switches to ACC shelves from LOCK shelves For initial value, when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full;The confirmation letter by bus of composition student During breath, number of passengers adds one, when numerical value is not less than higher limit, by RFID reader to active RFID Label sends full information and points out described full information to student;Composition student get off confirmation time, Number of passengers subtracts one;And described full information is uploaded to the remote server preset;
Described active RFID tag is additionally operable to point out described full information to described student;
Described remote server is additionally operable to send to mobile terminal described full information.
In monitoring system by bus of the present invention, described vehicle intelligent terminal also includes camera arrangement, institute State camera arrangement to be connected with processor, be used for taking pictures and generating photo;
When the student that described processor is additionally operable to judge to hold described RFID label tag gets on the bus, control described bat Take device to take pictures to generate picture to described student, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table that called, The described confirmation by bus judging the information got on the bus of student and described photo composition student.
In monitoring system by bus of the present invention, described vehicle intelligent terminal also includes that head portrait identification fills Put, video monitoring module, air bag interface and alarm device;
Described head portrait identification device is arranged at the car door of getting on the bus of described school bus, is connected with described processor, uses In described student is carried out head portrait identification;
Described video monitoring module is connected with described processor, for carrying out real-time video inside described school bus Monitoring is to generate video monitoring information;
Described air bag interface is connected with described processor, for being connected to the air bag of described school bus, When described air bag sends collision accident signal, this collision accident signal is sent to described processor;
Described alarm device is connected with described processor;
Described storage device is additionally operable to prestore the head image information of student in described relation correspondence table;
Described processor is additionally operable to call the prestored information of described relation correspondence table and enters the head image information of student Row comparison, to judge that student gets on the bus;By the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table that called, described fixed Position information and the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, be uploaded to institute by described running information State remote server;When receiving described collision accident signal, control described alarm device and report to the police.
Implement the present invention a kind of school bus monitor method and system by bus, have the advantages that whole process Monitoring student takes the process of getting on the bus, drive a vehicle and get off of school bus, it is ensured that safety of student arrives at school or purpose Ground, the head of a family or teacher can obtain student in real time by mobile phone and take the situation of school bus, and ensure that school bus When there is shock accident, it is ensured that this accident sent in the very first time.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 be first embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus;
Fig. 2 is the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus that first embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 3 be second embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus;
Fig. 4 is the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus that second embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 5 be third embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus;
Fig. 6 is the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus that third embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 7 be fourth embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus;
Fig. 8 is the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus that fourth embodiment of the invention provides.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to be more clearly understood from the technical characteristic of the present invention, purpose and effect, now comparison accompanying drawing is detailed Describe the detailed description of the invention of the bright present invention in detail.
As it is shown in figure 1, first embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus In, it is provided that a kind of method that monitors by bus of school bus, for school bus is got on the bus, drive a vehicle and the process of getting off is entered Row complete monitoring, many school buses can also use this method to carry out complete monitoring, and the method comprises the following steps:
A, setting up a relation correspondence table, described relation correspondence table prestores the personal information of student, gets off ground The unique identification information of the student put and be stored in RFID label tag 20;The personal information of student includes surname Name, student number, school classes, home address, father and mother's contact method etc., place of getting off could be arranged to school Address or home address.
The unique identification information of the student on B, in real time reading RFID label tag 20, calls described relation corresponding Described unique identification information is compared by the prestored information of table, to judge to hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get on the bus, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called with described judgement student get on the bus The by bus confirmation of information composition student, and described confirmation by bus is uploaded to the long-range clothes preset Business device 30, is sent to the mobile terminal 40 preset by described remote server 30;Use active RFID Label is to realize within effective operating distance, and the student's in reading RFID label tag 20 is unique in real time Identification information, active RFID tag 20 is also called active RFID tag, active electronic label built with Battery;Due to the storage of relation correspondence table is the unique identification information of several student, during so getting on the bus, and RFID The unique identification information of label 20 needs the unique identification information of table corresponding with relation storage to compare, than After success, it is judged that the student holding described RFID label tag 20 gets on the bus, by above-mentioned all information package, It is uploaded to remote server 30 in the lump, is finally presented on the head of a family or on mobile terminal 40 that teacher holds.
C, the most in real time acquisition location information, by prestoring of the described relation correspondence table called The running information of information and described location information composition student, and described running information is uploaded to described remotely Server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30;Driving conditions passes through Call GPS/GIS system and obtain real-time positioning information and navigation information, hold mobile terminal 40 the head of a family or Teacher can obtain student in real time and take school bus present position.(or several at the previous station of the lower/upper car of student Individual station) information preparing to pick student is pushed to the head of a family, facilitate the head of a family to arrange the time, it is ensured that safety of student connects Send.
D, when described location information matches with place of getting off, prompting hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get off, and time outside described RFID label tag 20 is in read range judge hold described RFID The student of label 20 gets off, judges to learn with described by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called The confirmation of getting off of the raw information composition student got off, and described confirmation of getting off is uploaded to described Remote server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30;Described RFID Label 20 only reads in the certain distance of school bus, and the such as read range of RFID label tag 20 is 10 Rice, then RFID label tag 20 just cannot read the information in RFID label tag 20 apart from school bus more than 10 meters, Now judge that the student of all described RFID label tag 20 gets off;Described RFID label tag 20 is two-way RFID Label, can receive information of getting off, and send the cue such as sound or vibrations, to point out under student Car.
As in figure 2 it is shown, the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus provided in first embodiment of the invention In, it is provided that the monitoring system by bus of a kind of school bus, this system includes that vehicle intelligent terminal 10, RFID mark Sign 20, remote server 30 and mobile terminal 40;
Described vehicle intelligent terminal 10 is arranged in described school bus, including processor 100, RFID reader 101, storage device 102, wireless communication module 103 and GPS module 104;
Described RFID reader 101 and RFID label tag 20 wireless connections, be stored in described for reading Information in RFID label tag 20;Described RFID reader 101 could be arranged to effective working distance 10 Rice receives the radiofrequency signal of described RFID label tag 20, it is also possible to be the IC-card brushing card device in public transit system.
Described storage device 102 is used for setting up a relation correspondence table, and described relation correspondence table prestores student's Personal information, get off place and the unique identification information of storage student on the rfid labels;
Described wireless communication module 103 is for communicating to connect with remote server 30 by mobile network;Nothing Line communication module 103 can be gsm module, GPRS module, CDMA module, WCDMA module, CDMA2000 module etc..
Described GPS module 104 is for the location information of the described school bus of acquisition in real time;
Described processor 100 and described RFID reader 101, storage device 102, described radio communication Module 103 and GPS module 104 connect, and for when student gets on the bus, read in RFID label tag 20 The unique identification information of student, described unique identification information is entered by the prestored information calling described relation correspondence table Row comparison, to judge that the student holding described RFID label tag 20 gets on the bus, the described relation that will be called The confirmation of riding of the information composition student that the prestored information of corresponding table and the described student of judgement have got on the bus, and Described confirmation by bus is uploaded to described remote server 30 by wireless communication module 103;It is expert at The location information of GPS module 104 is obtained in real time, by the described relation correspondence table that called during car Prestored information forms the running information of student with described location information, and described running information is passed through channel radio Letter module 103 is uploaded to described remote server 30;When described location information matches with place of getting off, The student being held described RFID label tag 20 by RFID reader 101 prompting is got off, and by reading Take described RFID label tag 20 and judge that the student holding described RFID label tag 20 gets off, by called The information that the prestored information of described relation correspondence table and the described student of judgement have got off forms getting off really of student Recognize information, and by wireless communication module 103, described confirmation of getting off is uploaded to described remote server 30;
Described RFID label tag 20 has the unique identification information of student for storage;Described RFID label tag 20 It is arranged in the equipment such as IC-card, mobile phone or key chain, the student taking school bus holds.
Described remote server 30 is by mobile network and described vehicle intelligent terminal 10 and described mobile terminal 40 communication connections, are used for storing described confirmation and photographic intelligence by bus, and by described confirmation letter by bus Breath and photographic intelligence send to described mobile terminal 40;Described remote server 30 carries in advance, and sets up Mobile terminal 40 is accurately connected with vehicle intelligent terminal 10, it is also possible to setting up a Surveillance center, storage is also Show the confirmation by bus of all students and corresponding photographic intelligence, retransmited to by learning by Surveillance center The mobile phone terminal that the raw corresponding head of a family or teacher are held;
Described mobile terminal 40 is used for showing described confirmation and described photographic intelligence by bus.This moves end End 40 is held by the head of a family corresponding to student or teacher, for smart mobile phone, can be android system, IOS system, Windows Phone system, Black Berry system etc..Need to pacify at this smart mobile phone Dress is able to receive that the software of described remote server 30 information, and shows and should confirmation and photo believe by bus Breath.For teacher's mobile phone, it is also possible to be set to Attendance Sheet, if student has gone up school bus, then be equivalent to examine Diligent.
Having the beneficial effect that of the present embodiment, the head of a family or the teacher that hold mobile terminal 40 timely and accurately obtain Take the riding information of student, and point out the student taking school bus to get off in place of getting off.
As it is shown on figure 3, second embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus In, it is provided that a kind of method that monitors by bus of school bus, the method is school bus in place of being different from first embodiment Can obtain current number of passengers in real time, the method specifically includes following steps:
A, setting up a relation correspondence table, described relation correspondence table prestores the personal information of student, gets off ground Point, the unique identification information of the student being stored in RFID label tag 20 and the initial value of number of passengers And higher limit, when the ignition switch of described school bus switches to ACC shelves from LOCK shelves, number of passengers is for just Initial value, when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full;Started by ignition switch, initialize Number of passengers, due to student existing in there may be school bus before igniting, therefore initial value can set according to practical situation Fixed, simultaneously because overcrowding driving can bring potential safety hazard, so higher limit needs according to the actual seating capacity of school bus Determine.
The unique identification information of the student on B, in real time reading RFID label tag 20, calls described relation corresponding Described unique identification information is compared by the prestored information of table, to judge to hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get on the bus, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called with described judgement student get on the bus The by bus confirmation of information composition student, number of passengers adds one simultaneously, when numerical value is not less than higher limit, Point out full information to student, and be uploaded to described confirmation and full information by bus to preset long-range Server 30, is sent to the mobile terminal 40 preset by described remote server 30;
C, the most in real time acquisition location information, by prestoring of the described relation correspondence table called The running information of information and described location information composition student, and described running information is uploaded to described remotely Server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30;
D, when described location information matches with place of getting off, prompting hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get off, and by cannot read described RFID label tag 20 judge hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get off, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called with described judgement student get off The confirmation of getting off of information composition student, number of passengers subtracts one simultaneously, and by described confirmation of getting off It is uploaded to described remote server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30. During due to student on school bus, card reader can read the RFID signal of student.If student falls asleep, carry Miss, when showing and get off, the opportunity of getting off.Native system automatically detect school bus parking half an hour after (or other set Time), also read rfid card in school bus, will give a warning prompting, and automatically by up-to-date on car Camera video sectional drawing ejects, for whether having people in checking car.
As shown in Figure 4, the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus provided in second embodiment of the invention In, it is provided that the monitoring system by bus of a kind of school bus, this system with the addition of ignition switch based on first embodiment Interface 105.
Described ignition switch interface 105 is connected with the ignition switch of processor 100 and described school bus, is used for examining Survey the signal of described ignition switch;Detection igniting switching signal can be connected to igniting by CAN and open Close, it is also possible to the gear positions of detection ignition switch.
Described storage device 102 be additionally operable to prestore in described relation correspondence table number of passengers initial value and Higher limit;As described in method item embodiment, set initial value and the higher limit of number of passengers according to practical situation.
Module based on above-mentioned interpolation and function, described processor 100 be additionally operable to when described ignition switch from It is initial value that LOCK shelves switch to number of passengers during ACC shelves, when number of passengers is not less than higher limit time institute State school bus full;When forming the confirmation by bus of student, number of passengers adds one, when numerical value is not less than the upper limit During value, send full information and to student's prompting by RFID reader 101 to active RFID tag 20 Described full information;Composition student get off confirmation time, number of passengers subtracts one.Described full information is also Sent to mobile terminal 40 by remote server 30.
Described active RFID tag 20 is additionally operable to point out described full information to described student.As got off Information, described RFID label tag 20 is two-way RFID label tag, can receive full information, and Sending the cue such as sound or vibrations, prompting student is full, and student can select to take next class of school bus.
Having the beneficial effect that of the present embodiment, shows that student takes the number situation of school bus in real time, and can Point out student to get off when student arrives at, the actual seating capacity of the school bus that upgrades in time, to time full Hair growth promoting goes out full prompting, makes this system more intelligent.
As it is shown in figure 5, third embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus In, it is provided that a kind of method that monitors by bus of school bus, the method is step in place of being different from first embodiment B also includes: when judging that holding the student of described RFID label tag 20 gets on the bus, described student is taken pictures To generate photo, the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, described judgement student are got on the bus Information and the confirmation by bus of described photo composition student.
Above-mentioned confirmation by bus is uploaded to remote server 30, and sends to mobile terminal 40, the head of a family Or teacher holds mobile terminal 40 and can obtain image information when student gets on the bus, so that it is determined that student goes up Car.
As shown in Figure 6, the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus provided in second embodiment of the invention In, it is provided that the monitoring system by bus of a kind of school bus, this system with the addition of camera arrangement based on first embodiment 106。
Described camera arrangement 106 is connected with processor 100, is used for taking pictures and generating photo;This storage device 102 can be monitoring camera, it is also possible to is vehicle dedicated storage means 102, can be arranged on school bus The outside of car car door, it is also possible to be arranged on inside school bus, shooting student gets on the bus the feelings of car door of getting on the bus through school bus Scape.As long as car door one is opened, the sectional drawing of that photographic head of alignment car door will be with speed faster (as often 0.5 second is once) sectional drawing uploads onto the server.Car door is shut, and that uploads sectional drawing is probably 2 seconds once several times To save flow.But the video of each photographic head can be saved in in the VRAM of car.
Owing to the addition of camera arrangement 106, described processor 100 is additionally operable to judgement and holds described RFID mark When the student signed gets on the bus, control described camera arrangement 106 and take pictures to generate photo to described student, by institute Information that the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, described judgement student have got on the bus and described photo The confirmation by bus of composition student.
Having the beneficial effect that of the present embodiment, shows the pictorial information of student Deng Che to mobile terminal 40, it is ensured that The head of a family or the accurate students ' of teacher are got on the bus situation.
As it is shown in fig. 7, fourth embodiment of the invention provide a kind of school bus monitor method flow diagram by bus In, it is provided that a kind of method that monitors by bus of school bus, the method is school bus in place of being different from the second embodiment With the addition of head portrait identification function, video monitoring function, security incident warning function, be equivalent to the addition of security protection The function of system.The method specifically includes following steps:
A, setting up a relation correspondence table, described relation correspondence table prestores the personal information of student, gets off ground Point, the unique identification information of student being stored in RFID label tag 20, the head image information of student and The initial value of number of passengers and higher limit, when the ignition switch of described school bus switches to ACC from LOCK shelves During shelves, number of passengers is initial value, and when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full;The head of student As information needs to record in advance, the head image information of many fingers can be recorded.
The unique identification information of the student on B, in real time reading RFID label tag 20, calls described relation corresponding The head image information of described unique identification information or student is compared by the prestored information of table, to judge to hold institute The student stating RFID label tag 20 gets on the bus, by the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called and institute Stating the confirmation by bus judging that the information that student has got on the bus forms student, number of passengers adds one simultaneously, works as number When value is not less than higher limit, points out full information to student, and be uploaded to preset by described confirmation by bus Remote server 30, by described remote server 30 send to preset mobile terminal 40;Work as student When forgetting to wear the equipment being provided with RFID label tag 20, confirmation letter by bus can be generated by head portrait identification Breath.Can also be arranged to gate control system based on head portrait identification, head portrait identification or RFID device be not by testing Card then cannot be got on the bus.
C, the most in real time acquisition location information, to carrying out real-time video monitoring inside described school bus To generate video monitoring information, by the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, described location information And the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, described running information is uploaded to described remotely Server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30;Meanwhile, driving a vehicle Journey detects the air bag of described school bus, sends collision accident signal alarm at described air bag.Peace Full air bag includes the sensor for detecting collision accident, permissible by obtaining the signal of air bag sensor Air bag is detected.
D, when described location information matches with place of getting off, prompting hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get off, and by cannot read described RFID label tag 20 judge hold described RFID label tag 20 Student get off, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called with described judgement student get off The confirmation of getting off of information composition student, number of passengers subtracts one simultaneously, and by described confirmation of getting off It is uploaded to described remote server 30, is sent to described mobile terminal 40 by described remote server 30.
As shown in Figure 8, the monitoring system block diagram by bus of a kind of school bus provided in fourth embodiment of the invention In, it is provided that the monitoring system by bus of a kind of school bus, this system with the addition of head portrait identification based on the second embodiment Device 107, video monitoring module 108, air bag interface 109 and alarm device 110.
Described head portrait identification device 107 is arranged at the car door of getting on the bus of described school bus, with described processor 100 Connect, for described student is carried out head portrait identification;
Described video monitoring module 108 is connected with described processor 100, for carrying out inside described school bus Real-time video monitoring is to generate video monitoring information;
Described air bag interface 109 is connected with described processor 100, for being connected to the peace of described school bus Full air bag, when described air bag sends collision accident signal, is sent to described by this collision accident signal Processor 100;
Described alarm device 110 is connected with described processor 100;
Hardware module based on above-mentioned interpolation, described storage device 102 is additionally operable in described relation correspondence table Prestore the head image information of student;
Described processor 100 is additionally operable to the prestored information calling described relation correspondence table to be believed the head portrait of student Breath is compared, to judge that student gets on the bus;By the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, institute State location information and the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, described running information is uploaded To described remote server;When receiving described collision accident signal, control described alarm device 110 and report Alert.
Having the beneficial effect that of the present embodiment, the in real time by bus situation in monitoring school bus, be synchronized school bus, remote Journey server 30 and the information of mobile terminal 40 three, detect the security situation of school bus in real time, and occurring During potential safety hazard, the very first time reports to the police.
Above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described, but the invention is not limited in above-mentioned Detailed description of the invention, above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only schematic rather than restrictive, this The those of ordinary skill in field, under the enlightenment of the present invention, is being protected without departing from present inventive concept and claim Under the ambit protected, it may also be made that a lot of form, within these belong to the protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the method that monitors by bus of school bus, for getting on the bus school bus, drives a vehicle and the process of getting off is carried out Complete monitoring, it is characterised in that the method comprises the following steps:
A, setting up a relation correspondence table, described relation correspondence table prestores the personal information of student, gets off Place and the unique identification information of student being stored in RFID label tag (20);Described relation correspondence table is pre- There are initial value and the higher limit of number of passengers, when the ignition switch of described school bus switches to from LOCK shelves During ACC shelves, number of passengers is initial value, and when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full;Institute State relation correspondence table and prestore the head image information of student;
B, read the unique identification information of student in RFID label tag (20) in real time, call described relation The head image information of described unique identification information or student is compared by the prestored information of corresponding table, to judge The student holding described RFID label tag (20) gets on the bus, by prestoring of the described relation correspondence table called The confirmation of riding of the information composition student that information and the described student of judgement have got on the bus, and ride described Confirmation is uploaded to the remote server (30) preset, and is sent extremely by described remote server (30) The mobile terminal (40) preset;When forming the confirmation by bus of student, number of passengers adds one, works as numerical value During not less than higher limit, point out full information to student, and be uploaded to described full information to preset remote Journey server (30), is sent to mobile terminal (40) by described remote server (30);Judgement is held When the student having described RFID label tag (20) gets on the bus, take pictures to generate photo to described student, by institute Information that the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, described judgement student have got on the bus and described photograph The confirmation by bus of sheet composition student;
C, the most in real time acquisition location information, to carrying out real-time video prison inside described school bus Control is to generate video monitoring information, by the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called, described location Information and the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, be uploaded to institute by described running information State remote server (30), sent to described mobile terminal (40) by described remote server (30); Detect the air bag of described school bus when driving, send collision accident signal at described air bag Alarm;
D, when described location information matches with place of getting off, prompting hold described RFID label tag (20) Student get off, and judge to hold described time outside described RFID label tag (20) is in read range The student of RFID label tag (20) gets off, by the prestored information of described relation correspondence table called and institute State the confirmation of getting off judging that the information that student has got off forms student, and by described confirmation of getting off It is uploaded to described remote server (30), is sent to described mobile whole by described remote server (30) End (40);Composition student get off confirmation time, number of passengers subtracts one.
2. the monitoring system by bus of a school bus, it is characterised in that this system includes vehicle intelligent terminal (10), RFID label tag (20), remote server (30) and mobile terminal (40);
Described vehicle intelligent terminal (10) is arranged in described school bus, including processor (100), RFID Reader (101), storage device (102), wireless communication module (103) and GPS module (104); Described RFID reader (101) and RFID label tag (20) wireless connections, be stored in described for reading Information in RFID label tag (20);The relation that described storage device (102) is set up for storage is corresponding Table, described relation correspondence table prestore student personal information, get off place and storage on the rfid labels The unique identification information of student;Described wireless communication module (103) is used for by mobile network with long-range Server (30) communicates to connect;Described GPS module (104) is for the location of the described school bus of acquisition in real time Information;Described processor (100) and described RFID reader (101), storage device (102), Described wireless communication module (103) and GPS module (104) connect, and described processor (100) is used for The unique identification information of the student in reading RFID label tag (20), calls prestoring of described relation correspondence table Described unique identification information is compared by information, to judge to hold the student of described RFID label tag (20) Get on the bus, by the prestored information of the described relation correspondence table called and the described letter judging that student has got on the bus The confirmation by bus of breath composition student, and by described confirmation by bus by wireless communication module (103) It is uploaded to described remote server (30);Described processor (100) is additionally operable to the most real-time Obtain the location information of GPS module (104), by the prestored information of described relation correspondence table that called with The running information of described location information composition student, and described running information is passed through wireless communication module (103) described remote server (30) it is uploaded to;Described processor (100) is additionally operable to when described location When information matches with place of getting off, hold described RFID label tag by RFID reader (101) prompting (20) student gets off, and judges time outside described RFID label tag (20) is in read range to hold The student of described RFID label tag (20) gets off, the prestored information of described relation correspondence table that will be called With the described confirmation of getting off judging information composition student that student got off, and pass through radio communication mold Described confirmation of getting off is uploaded to described remote server (30) by block (103);Described vehicle intelligent Terminal (10) also includes ignition switch interface (105), described ignition switch interface (105) and processor (100) connect, for detecting the signal of described ignition switch with the ignition switch of described school bus;Described deposit Storage device (102) is additionally operable to prestore the initial value of number of passengers and higher limit in described relation correspondence table; Described processor (100) is additionally operable to when described ignition switch switches to ACC shelves from LOCK shelves to take advantage of Car number is set to initial value, and when number of passengers is not less than higher limit, described school bus is full;Described processor (100) when being additionally operable to the confirmation by bus forming student, number of passengers adds one, when numerical value is not less than upper During limit value, by RFID reader (101) to active RFID tag (20) send full information and to Student points out described full information;Composition student get off confirmation time, number of passengers subtracts one;And will Described full information is uploaded to the remote server (30) preset;Described vehicle intelligent terminal (10) also wraps Including camera arrangement (106), described camera arrangement (106) is connected with processor (100), is used for taking pictures And generate photo;The student that described processor (100) is additionally operable to judge to hold described RFID label tag goes up Che Shi, controls described camera arrangement (106) and takes pictures to generate photo to described student, the institute that will be called State the prestored information of relation correspondence table, information that described judgement student has got on the bus and described photo composition are learned Raw confirmation by bus;Described vehicle intelligent terminal (10) also include head portrait identification device (107), Video monitoring module (108), air bag interface (109) and alarm device (110);Described head portrait Identify that device (107) is arranged at the car door of getting on the bus of described school bus, be connected with described processor (100), For described student is carried out head portrait identification;Described video monitoring module (108) and described processor (100) Connect, for carrying out real-time video monitoring inside described school bus to generate video monitoring information;Described peace Full balloon interface (109) is connected with described processor (100), for being connected to the substitute of described school bus Capsule, when described air bag sends collision accident signal, is sent to described place by this collision accident signal Reason device (100);Described alarm device (110) is connected with described processor (100);Described storage dress Put (102) to be additionally operable to prestore the head image information of student in described relation correspondence table;
Described processor (100) is additionally operable to the prestored information the calling described relation correspondence table head portrait to student Information is compared, to judge that student gets on the bus;The letter that prestores of described relation correspondence table that will be called Breath, described location information and the running information of described video monitoring information composition student, by described driving Information is uploaded to described remote server;When receiving described collision accident signal, control described warning Device (110) is reported to the police;
Described RFID label tag (20) for storage and sends in real time to RFID reader (101) and learns Raw unique identification information;Described active RFID tag (20) is additionally operable to point out to described student described full Member's information;
Described remote server (30) is by mobile network and described vehicle intelligent terminal (10) and described shifting Dynamic terminal (40) communication connection, is used for storing described confirmation, running information and confirmation letter of getting off by bus Breath, and described confirmation, running information by bus and confirmation of getting off are sent to described mobile terminal (40);Described remote server (30) is additionally operable to send to mobile terminal (40) described full information;
Described mobile terminal (40) is used for showing described confirmation, running information and confirmation letter of getting off by bus Breath.
CN201310723688.1A 2013-12-24 2013-12-24 Method and system for monitoring boarding of school bus CN103714592B (en)

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