CN103481101A - Horizontal type boring and milling head - Google Patents

Horizontal type boring and milling head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103481101A
CN103481101A CN201310433623.3A CN201310433623A CN103481101A CN 103481101 A CN103481101 A CN 103481101A CN 201310433623 A CN201310433623 A CN 201310433623A CN 103481101 A CN103481101 A CN 103481101A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
milling head
shaft
boring
main spindle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310433623.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张明利
马国城
崔永超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUZHOU JIANG YUAN PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU JIANG YUAN PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU JIANG YUAN PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU JIANG YUAN PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201310433623.3A priority Critical patent/CN103481101A/en
Publication of CN103481101A publication Critical patent/CN103481101A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/02Boring machines; Combined horizontal boring and milling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • B23Q5/10Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles driven essentially by electrical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw
    • B23Q5/402Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw in which screw or nut can both be driven

Abstract

The invention provides a horizontal type boring and milling head. According to the horizontal type boring and milling head, a gear shaft is driven to rotate through a main motor and a reducer, the gear shaft drives a transmission shaft to rotate, the transmission shaft drives a main shaft sleeve to rotate, and accordingly a boring shaft is driven to rotate along self-axial-direction; a feed motor drives a screw rod to rotate; rotation of the screw rod drives a nut and a mobile body to move along the axial direction of the screw rod; the mobile body drives a milling shaft to feed along self-axial-direction. Compared with the prior art, the horizontal type boring and milling head has the advantages of being simple in structure, stable in operation, achieving axial rotation and axially automatic feed and satisfying large-sized workpiece requirements for hole machining.

Description

The horizontal boring milling head
Technical field
The present invention relates to machine tool component, especially relate to a kind of boring and milling head outer of the numerical control for horizontal boring-milling center.
Background technology
At present, the complexity of China's manufacturing industry product is more and more higher, and the hole of heavy parts is that processing request is more and more stricter, and the technique of being carried out Boring by the workpiece feeding sometimes can't meet the requirement of heavy parts or be difficult to realization.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, horizontal boring milling head that can auto-feed.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of horizontal boring milling head, is characterized in that, comprises main transmission unit, boring axle unit and feed unit, wherein:
Described main transmission unit comprises: the main motor that decelerator is installed, described decelerator is arranged on support, the output shaft of described decelerator is fixedly connected with sprocket drive spindle, described gear shaft is installed in rotation in gear-box, also be provided with power transmission shaft in described gear-box, described power transmission shaft is connected by gear drive with described gear shaft, and described gear-box is fixedly mounted on main spindle box;
Described boring axle unit comprises: main spindle box; Be installed in rotation on the rack sleeve in described main spindle box; Can be slidably mounted on the boring axle in described rack sleeve along self length direction, the outer fixed cover of described rack sleeve is provided with gear ring, and described gear ring is connected by gear drive with described power transmission shaft;
Described feed unit comprises: by connector, be fixed on the feeding motor on described main spindle box, be installed in rotation on the leading screw on described main spindle box, described screw mandrel is provided with can be along the screw of the axially-movable of screw mandrel, described screw is fixedly mounted on moving body, described moving body can be arranged on described main spindle box with along the axial direction of described boring axle, moving, described boring axle can along self axial rotation be connected on described moving body; The turning cylinder of described feeding motor is connected by belt transmission with described screw mandrel.
Preferably, being provided with transition body between described support and described gear-box is connected.
Preferably, described decelerator is connected by spline housing with described gear shaft, and described spline housing is by screw fastening on the output shaft of described decelerator, and described spline housing is connected by spline pair with described gear shaft.
Preferably, described power transmission shaft is installed with travelling gear, and described travelling gear is connected by spline pair with described power transmission shaft.
Preferably, between described rack sleeve and described boring axle, also be provided with lining, described lining is fixed in described rack sleeve by the key piece.
Preferably, described boring axle is automatically connected in described moving body by bearing rotary, also is provided with guide rail on described main spindle box, and described moving body is connected on described main shaft and can slides along the length direction of described guide rail by guideway.Adopt this structure, guarantee that moving body can drive the feeding vertically of boring axle, can guarantee that again the boring axle is along self axial revolution.
Preferably, described feeding motor is fixed on the feeding electric machine stand, and described feeding electric machine stand is fixed on link, and described link is fixedly mounted on main spindle box by rear connector.
Preferably, on the turning cylinder of described feeding motor, be installed with driving wheel, on described screw mandrel, be installed with driven pulley, described driving wheel is connected by belt transmission with described driven pulley.
More preferably, described driving wheel is connected by expansion sleeve with the turning cylinder of described feeding motor; Described driven pulley is connected by expansion sleeve with described screw mandrel.Connect by expansion sleeve, can guarantee between the turning cylinder of driving wheel and described feeding motor, gapless driving between described driven pulley and described screw mandrel.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, horizontal boring milling head provided by the invention has the following advantages: by main motor and decelerator, the driven gear axle rotates, and gear shaft drives power transmission shaft and rotates, power transmission shaft drives the rack sleeve revolution, thereby drives the boring axle along self axial revolution; By feeding driven by motor screw mandrel, rotate, screw mandrel rotates and drives again screw and moving body and move along the axial direction of screw mandrel, and moving body drives the boring axle along self axial direction feeding.Compared to prior art, horizontal boring milling head of the present invention is simple in structure, and working stability has been realized axial revolution and axially auto-feed, and the hole that can meet large-scale workpiece is processing request.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing: 1-master's motor, 2-decelerator, 3-support, 4-transition body, 5-spline housing, the 6-gear shaft, 7-gear-box, 8-travelling gear, 9-power transmission shaft, 10-main spindle box, 11-boring axle, 12-rack sleeve, 13-lining, 14-dottle pin, 15-key, the 16-gear ring, 17-nut, 18-key piece, 19-leading screw, 20-guide rail, the 21-moving body, 22-screw, 23-bearing block, connector after 24-, 25-driven pulley, the 26-belt, 27-feeding electric machine stand, 28-link, 29-driving wheel, 30-feeding motor.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
Refer to Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of horizontal boring milling head, comprise main transmission unit, boring axle unit and feed unit.
Main transmission unit comprises: the main motor 1 that decelerator 2 is installed, decelerator 2 is arranged on support 3, the output shaft of decelerator 2 is fixedly connected with sprocket drive spindle 6, gear shaft 6 is installed in rotation in gear-box 57, also be provided with power transmission shaft 9 in gear-box 5, power transmission shaft 9 is connected by gear drive with gear shaft 6, and gear-box 5 is fixedly mounted on main spindle box 10.Wherein, being provided with transition body 4 between support 3 and described gear-box 5 is connected.Decelerator 2 is connected by spline housing 5 with gear shaft 6, and spline housing 5 is by screw fastening on the output shaft of decelerator 2, and spline housing 5 is connected by spline pair with gear shaft 6.Power transmission shaft 9 is installed with travelling gear 8, and travelling gear 8 is connected by spline pair with power transmission shaft 9, and the gear on gear shaft 6 is meshed with travelling gear 8.
The boring axle unit comprises: main spindle box 10; Be installed in rotation on the rack sleeve 12 in main spindle box 10; Can be slidably mounted on the boring axle 11 in rack sleeve 12 along self length direction, the outer fixed cover of rack sleeve 12 is provided with gear ring 16, and gear ring 16 is connected by gear drive with power transmission shaft 9.Wherein, between rack sleeve 12 and boring axle 11, also be provided with lining 13, lining 13 is fixed in described rack sleeve 12 by pair of keys piece 18.Gear ring 16 is fixed on rack sleeve 12 by key 15, and gear ring 16 is meshed with the travelling gear 8 on power transmission shaft 9.
Feed unit comprises: by connector, be fixed on the feeding motor 30 on main spindle box 10, be installed in rotation on the leading screw 19 on main spindle box 3, screw mandrel 19 is provided with can be along the screw 22 of the axially-movable of screw mandrel 19, screw 22 is fixedly mounted on moving body 21, moving body 21 can be arranged on main spindle box 10 with along the axial direction of boring axle 11, moving, boring axle 11 can along self axial rotation be connected on moving body 21; The turning cylinder of feeding motor 30 is connected by belt transmission with screw mandrel 19.Wherein, feeding motor 30 is fixed on feeding electric machine stand 27, and feeding electric machine stand 27 is fixed on link 28, and link 28 is fixedly mounted on main spindle box 10 by rear connector 24.Be installed with driving wheel 29 on the turning cylinder of feeding motor 30, be installed with driven pulley 25 on screw mandrel 19, driving wheel 29 and driven pulley 25 are in transmission connection by belt 26.Screw mandrel 19 is rotatably connected on rear connector 24 by bearing block 23.Boring axle 11 is forwarded and is automatically connected in described moving body 21 by bearing shaft, also is provided with guide rail 20 on main spindle box 10, and described moving body 21 is connected on described main spindle box 10 and can slides along the length direction of described guide rail 20 by guideway.Adopt this structure, guarantee that moving body 21 can drive boring axle 11 feeding vertically, can guarantee that again boring axle 11 is along self axial revolution.
In the present embodiment, driving wheel 29 is connected by expansion sleeve with the turning cylinder of feeding motor 30; Driven pulley 25 is connected by expansion sleeve with screw mandrel 19.Connect by expansion sleeve, can guarantee between the turning cylinder of driving wheel 29 and feeding motor 30, gapless driving between driven pulley 25 and screw mandrel 19.
Horizontal boring milling head operation principle provided by the invention is: by main motor 1 and decelerator 2 driven gear axles 6, rotate, gear shaft 6 drives power transmission shaft 9 and rotates, and power transmission shaft 9 drives rack sleeve 12 revolutions, thereby drives boring axle 11 along self axial revolution; Drive screw mandrels 19 by feeding motor 30 and rotate, screw mandrel 19 rotates and drives again screw 22 and moving body 21 and move along the axial direction of screw mandrel 19, and moving body 21 drives boring axles 11 along self axial direction feeding.

Claims (9)

1. a horizontal boring milling head, is characterized in that, comprises main transmission unit, boring axle unit and feed unit, wherein:
Described main transmission unit comprises: the main motor (1) that decelerator (2) is installed, described decelerator (2) is arranged on support (3), the output shaft of described decelerator (2) is fixedly connected with sprocket drive spindle (6), described gear shaft (6) is installed in rotation in gear-box (7), also be provided with power transmission shaft (9) in described gear-box (7), described power transmission shaft (9) is connected by gear drive with described gear shaft (6), and described gear-box (7) is fixedly mounted on main spindle box (10);
Described boring axle unit comprises: main spindle box (10); Be installed in rotation on the rack sleeve (12) in described main spindle box (10); Can be slidably mounted on the boring axle (11) in described rack sleeve (12) along self length direction, the outer fixed cover of described rack sleeve (12) is provided with gear ring (16), and described gear ring (16) is connected by gear drive with described power transmission shaft (9);
Described feed unit comprises: be fixedly mounted on the feeding motor (30) on described main spindle box (10), be installed in rotation on the leading screw (19) on described main spindle box (3), described screw mandrel (19) is provided with can be along the screw (22) of the axially-movable of screw mandrel (19), described screw (22) is fixedly mounted on moving body (21), described moving body (21) can be arranged on described main spindle box (10) along the axial direction of described boring axle (11) motion ground and go up, described boring axle (11) can along self axial rotation be connected on described moving body (21); The turning cylinder of described feeding motor (30) is connected by belt transmission with described screw mandrel (19).
2. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with transition body (4) between described support (3) and described gear-box (7) and be connected.
3. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described decelerator (2) is connected by spline housing (5) with described gear shaft (6), described spline housing (5) is by screw fastening on the output shaft of described decelerator (2), and described spline housing (5) is connected by spline pair with described gear shaft (6).
4. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power transmission shaft (9) is installed with travelling gear (8), and described travelling gear (8) is connected by spline pair with described power transmission shaft (9).
5. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also be provided with lining (13) between described rack sleeve (12) and described boring axle (11), described lining (13) is fixed in described rack sleeve (12) by key piece (18).
6. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described boring axle (11) is automatically connected in described moving body (21) by bearing rotary, also be provided with guide rail (20) on described main spindle box (10), described moving body (21) is connected to described main shaft (10) above by guideway and can slides along the length direction of described guide rail (20).
7. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding motor (30) is fixed on feeding electric machine stand (27), it is upper that described feeding electric machine stand (27) is fixed on link (28), and described link (28) is fixedly mounted on main spindle box (10) by rear connector (24).
8. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be installed with driving wheel (29) on the turning cylinder of described feeding motor (30), be installed with driven pulley (25) on described screw mandrel (19), described driving wheel (29) and described driven pulley (25) are in transmission connection by belt (26).
9. a kind of horizontal boring milling head according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described driving wheel (29) is connected by expansion sleeve with the turning cylinder of described feeding motor (30); Described driven pulley (25) is connected by expansion sleeve with described screw mandrel (19).
CN201310433623.3A 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Horizontal type boring and milling head Pending CN103481101A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310433623.3A CN103481101A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Horizontal type boring and milling head

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310433623.3A CN103481101A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Horizontal type boring and milling head

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103481101A true CN103481101A (en) 2014-01-01

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CN201310433623.3A Pending CN103481101A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Horizontal type boring and milling head

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104511780A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-15 谢立棚 High-precision power milling head with transmission self-locking function
WO2015196856A1 (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 杭州贝克机械有限公司 Straight-forward hydrostatic servo power spindle head and operation method thereof

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4958967A (en) * 1988-09-22 1990-09-25 Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Spindle feed mechanism for a machine tool
CN2491163Y (en) * 2001-08-29 2002-05-15 山东滨州渤海活塞股份有限公司 Precision borer for shaped hole
CN2915330Y (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-06-27 蚌埠市富瑞达机床机械制造有限公司 Boring and milling head
CN101116915A (en) * 2007-09-05 2008-02-06 山东滨州渤海活塞股份有限公司 Non-conventional type hole combined boring mill
CN101658947A (en) * 2009-09-04 2010-03-03 简东灿 boring-milling machine
CN201895231U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-07-13 康凤明 Main shaft transmission device of milling and boring machine
CN102528093A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Main shaft transmission device of horizontal milling and boring machine
CN102922292A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Ram device of gantry machining center
CN202742120U (en) * 2012-09-10 2013-02-20 鄂州市威达机床有限责任公司 Spindle box for floor-type boring-milling machine
CN203509717U (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-04-02 苏州江源精密机械有限公司 Horizontal type boring-milling head

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4958967A (en) * 1988-09-22 1990-09-25 Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Spindle feed mechanism for a machine tool
CN2491163Y (en) * 2001-08-29 2002-05-15 山东滨州渤海活塞股份有限公司 Precision borer for shaped hole
CN2915330Y (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-06-27 蚌埠市富瑞达机床机械制造有限公司 Boring and milling head
CN101116915A (en) * 2007-09-05 2008-02-06 山东滨州渤海活塞股份有限公司 Non-conventional type hole combined boring mill
CN101658947A (en) * 2009-09-04 2010-03-03 简东灿 boring-milling machine
CN201895231U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-07-13 康凤明 Main shaft transmission device of milling and boring machine
CN102528093A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Main shaft transmission device of horizontal milling and boring machine
CN202742120U (en) * 2012-09-10 2013-02-20 鄂州市威达机床有限责任公司 Spindle box for floor-type boring-milling machine
CN102922292A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Ram device of gantry machining center
CN203509717U (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-04-02 苏州江源精密机械有限公司 Horizontal type boring-milling head

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015196856A1 (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 杭州贝克机械有限公司 Straight-forward hydrostatic servo power spindle head and operation method thereof
CN104511780A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-15 谢立棚 High-precision power milling head with transmission self-locking function
CN104511780B (en) * 2014-12-19 2017-02-01 谢立棚 High-precision power milling head with transmission self-locking function

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