CN103465014B - A kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device - Google Patents

A kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103465014B
CN103465014B CN201310456693.0A CN201310456693A CN103465014B CN 103465014 B CN103465014 B CN 103465014B CN 201310456693 A CN201310456693 A CN 201310456693A CN 103465014 B CN103465014 B CN 103465014B
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China
Prior art keywords
slide unit
bolt
bolt dismantling
portal frame
guide rail
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CN201310456693.0A
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CN103465014A (en
Inventor
黄勇
张涛
冯习安
许召民
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GUANGHAN PETROLEUM WELL-CONTROL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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GUANGHAN PETROLEUM WELL-CONTROL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310456693.0A priority Critical patent/CN103465014B/en
Publication of CN103465014A publication Critical patent/CN103465014A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device, especially a kind of ram preventer side door bolt remove and install device, belong to engineering mechanical device technical field; Described Bolt dismantling and erecting device, comprise Bolt dismantling installing mechanism and trade union college mechanism, and described trade union college organization establishes is in Bolt dismantling installing mechanism end; Described Bolt dismantling installing mechanism end comprises slide unit I, portal frame, hoisting cross beam and executing agency; Described trade union college mechanism comprises slide unit II and trade union college platform; Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device are skillfully constructed, reasonable in design, can the relative position of flexible modulation workpiece bolt and bolt assembling and disassembling executing agency, can remove efficiently bolt and install, instead of traditional artificial spanner and remove the present situation of installing, reduce labour intensity, improve operating efficiency.

Description

A kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device, especially a kind of ram preventer side door bolt remove and install device, belong to engineering mechanical device technical field.
Background technology
Ram preventer needs to dismantle a large amount of bolts in maintenance, causes the maintenance phase to lengthen, and the labour intensity of workman is large, simultaneously in the installation and maintenance of the engineering machinery of other classes, often has large gauge screw to need installing/dismounting, also faces same problem.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is: for above-mentioned Problems existing, a kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device are provided, what be especially applicable to ram preventer side door bolt removes and installs device, with reduce workman labour intensity, improve the efficiency safeguarding ram preventer.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device, comprise Bolt dismantling installing mechanism and trade union college mechanism, described trade union college organization establishes is in Bolt dismantling installing mechanism end; Described Bolt dismantling installing mechanism comprises slide unit I, portal frame, hoisting cross beam and executing agency, described portal frame to be arranged on slide unit I and can along slide unit I way moving, described hoisting cross beam to be arranged on portal frame and can to move up and down along portal frame, and described executing agency is fixedly installed on hoisting cross beam; Described trade union college mechanism comprises slide unit II and trade union college platform, and described trade union college platform to be arranged on slide unit II and can along slide unit II way moving.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the executing agency be arranged on hoisting cross beam is the electric driving mechanism removed and installed that can carry out bolt, be arranged on portal frame because hoisting cross beam is slidably connected and can moves up and down at portal frame, and portal frame can carry out left and right way moving along slide unit I, namely constitute in plane that executing agency can form at portal frame and slide unit I and carry out the mobile structure regulated in X-axis and Y-axis, X-axis refers to the axis of sliding along slide unit I, described Y-axis refers to perpendicular to X-direction, the X-axis of adjustment actuating mechanism that can be random as required and Y-axis position are to adapt to the needs of bolt position, described executing agency can adopt motor to drive and dismantle for the mode of the dismounting bar with bolt matching, Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described trade union college organization establishes is set up in the one end part of slide unit I, its slide unit II is vertically arranged relative to slide unit I, trade union college platform is used for the installation of Bolt dismantling workpiece, plane workpiece can being formed along the way moving of slide unit II relative to portal frame and slide unit I by trade union college platform is carried out the movement on Z axis, thus make executing agency can carry out the adjustment of each position to adapt to the needs of bolt position relative to workpiece, due to the employing of said structure, make use of mechanical system and carry out Bolt dismantling and installation, improve operating efficiency.
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described executing agency comprises aerodynamic moment spanner, hydraulic motor and dismounting bar, described aerodynamic moment spanner is connected with dismounting bar by the gear-box coordinated with hydraulic motor, is also provided with the clutch of cooperation between described aerodynamic moment spanner and gear-box.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, gear-box is as the mechanism of power transmission, its output shaft is connected with dismounting bar, the replacing of different size removal rod can be carried out according to different bolt sizes, aerodynamic moment spanner and the clutch installed between gear-box can adopt aerodynamic moment spanner or hydraulic motor to provide power for dismounting bar according to the different dismounting stages: when the demounting bolt initial stage, need comparatively high pulling torque bolt could be dismantled, now clutch work, transmission mechanism is connected with aerodynamic moment spanner, now aerodynamic moment spanner provides power to be loosened by bolt, after loosening bolt, clutch quits work and throws off with aerodynamic moment spanner, now hydraulic motor work, by fluid motor-driven gear-box, at the uniform velocity bolt is laid down by unloading bar, this rotating speed regulates by knob, fast easy to adjust, said structure design can efficiently by disassembling bolts.
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described trade union college platform comprises base and mounting platform, and described mounting platform is rotatable around axle center to be arranged on base, and mounting platform is provided with positioning core axle and hold-down mechanism.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, described mounting platform can be used in the side disassembling bolts of workpiece around the rotatable design in axle center or is carried out rotating to facilitate the dismounting to workpiece opposite side and installation by mounting platform after installing, described positioning core axle can be used in the location that ram preventer is installed, be aided with the hold-down mechanism being arranged at edge to compress workpiece, ensure the firm of trade union college.
Further, the rotatable engagement portion between described base and mounting platform is also provided with one group of retaining mechanism.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, described retaining mechanism can be locked the surfaces of revolution between base and mounting platform, when carrying out disassembling bolts and install operation, retaining mechanism is locked, ensure that mounting platform there will not be rotation, unclamp retaining mechanism when needs rotational workpieces position to rotate, improve the stability in the work of this device and security.
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described slide unit I comprises guide rail I and erecting bed I, described erecting bed I is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail I, described portal frame is arranged on erecting bed I, one end of guide rail I is provided with drive motors I, and the leading screw I drive installation platform I that drive motors I passes through to coordinate is along guide rail I way moving.
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described slide unit II comprises guide rail II and erecting bed II, described erecting bed II is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail II, described base is arranged on erecting bed II, one end of guide rail II is provided with drive motors II, and drive motors II drives workbench II along guide rail II way moving by the leading screw II coordinated.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, described guide rail and workbench take drive motors as power, utilize leading screw to drive, and what described drive motors adopted is variable-frequency motor, and what leading screw adopted is ball-screw, make operating steadily of slide unit reliable.
Further, described slide unit I is or/and slide unit II is provided with visual scale.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, described visual scale can carry out reading to the position of movement, and handled easily person operates, and improves the ease for use of device.
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, described portal frame both sides are provided with leading screw III, portal frame top is provided with drive motors III, and described hoisting cross beam is equipped with on leading screw III, and drive motors III drives hoisting cross beam to move up and down along portal frame by leading screw III.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, rotated the design driving hoisting cross beam lifting by double lead-screw, smooth running is reliable, ensure that device operates reliable.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: described Bolt dismantling and erecting device are skillfully constructed, reasonable in design, can the relative position of flexible modulation workpiece bolt and bolt assembling and disassembling executing agency, can remove efficiently bolt and install, instead of traditional artificial spanner and remove the present situation of installing, reduce labour intensity, improve operating efficiency, Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device simultaneously, the dynamic design of aerodynamic moment spanner and hydraulic motor, different torsional forces can be provided stage by stage, device is made to be applicable to dismounting and the installation of main equipment bolt, particularly trade union college platform positioning core axle and rotary type design, be specially adapted to the installation and removal of ram preventer side door bolt, reduce job costs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is executing agency of the present invention structural representation;
Fig. 4 is trade union college mechanism structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is slide unit I structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is slide unit II structural representation of the present invention.
Mark in figure: 1-portal frame, 2-hoisting cross beam, 3-leading screw III, 4-drive motors III, 5-erecting bed I, 6-drive motors I, 7-drag chain I, 8-guide rail I, 9-leading screw I, the visual scale of 10-, 11-aerodynamic moment spanner, 12-hydraulic motor, 13-gear-box, 14-clutch, 15-dismounting bar, 16-guide rail II, 17-drive motors II, 18-erecting bed II, 19-leading screw II, 20-base, 21-retaining mechanism, 22-mounting platform, 23-positioning core axle, 24-hold-down mechanism, 25-drag chain II, 26-joystick.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise Bolt dismantling installing mechanism and trade union college mechanism, described trade union college organization establishes is in Bolt dismantling installing mechanism end.
Described Bolt dismantling installing mechanism comprises slide unit I, portal frame 1, hoisting cross beam 2 and executing agency, described portal frame 1 is connected in slide unit I and can along slide unit I way moving, described slide unit I comprises guide rail I 8 and erecting bed I 5, described erecting bed I 5 is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail I 8, can move left and right along guide rail I 8, described portal frame 1 is arranged on erecting bed I 5, one end of guide rail I 8 is provided with drive motors I 6(as shown in Figure 5), the leading screw I 9 drive installation platform I 5 that drive motors I 6 passes through to coordinate is along guide rail I 8 way moving, described hoisting cross beam 2 is arranged at portal frame 1 and coordinates with the leading screw III 3 of portal frame 1 both sides, the top of portal frame 1 is provided with drive motors III 4, drive motors III 4 drives hoisting cross beam 2 to move up and down along portal frame 1 by leading screw III 3, described executing agency is fixedly installed on hoisting cross beam 2, described executing agency comprises aerodynamic moment spanner 11, hydraulic motor 12 and dismounting bar 15, described aerodynamic moment spanner 11 is connected with dismounting bar 15 by the gear-box 13 coordinated with hydraulic motor 12, gear-box 13 is as the mechanism of power transmission, its output shaft is connected with dismounting bar 15, different size removal rod 15 can be changed according to different bolt sizes, the clutch 14 of cooperation is also provided with between described aerodynamic moment spanner 11 and gear-box 13, as shown in Figure 3.
Described trade union college mechanism comprises slide unit II and trade union college platform, described trade union college platform to be arranged on slide unit II and can along slide unit II way moving, described slide unit II comprises guide rail II 16 and erecting bed II 18, described erecting bed II 18 is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail II 16, one end of guide rail II 16 is provided with drive motors II 17(as shown in Figure 6), drive motors II 17 drives workbench II 18 along guide rail II 16 way moving by the leading screw II 19 coordinated, the base 20 of described trade union college platform is arranged on erecting bed II 18, described trade union college platform also comprises the mounting platform 22 being arranged at base 20, described mounting platform 22 is rotatable around axle center to be arranged on base 20, and mounting platform 22 is provided with positioning core axle 23 and hold-down mechanism 24, rotatable engagement portion between base 20 and mounting platform 22 is also provided with one group of retaining mechanism 21(as shown in Figure 4).
Bolt dismantling of the present invention and erecting device, also comprising the lubricating system be arranged on device is that feed lubrication is carried out in each slip moving-member cooperation place, device is also provided with the operation control that joystick 26 is convenient to device, at guide rail I 8, place is provided with drag chain I 7, guide rail II 16 place is provided with drag chain II 25, drag chain I 7 and drag chain II 25 are for the wiring of electrical system electric wire or control signal wire, the lateral location of described slide unit I and slide unit II being provided with visual scale 10 for observing the displacement of portal frame 1 and trade union college platform, improving the convenience of operation.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. Bolt dismantling and an erecting device, is characterized in that: comprise Bolt dismantling installing mechanism and trade union college mechanism, and described trade union college organization establishes is in Bolt dismantling installing mechanism end; Described Bolt dismantling installing mechanism comprises slide unit I, portal frame, hoisting cross beam and executing agency, described portal frame to be arranged on slide unit I and can along slide unit I way moving, described hoisting cross beam to be arranged on portal frame and can to move up and down along portal frame, and described executing agency is fixedly installed on hoisting cross beam; Described trade union college mechanism comprises slide unit II and trade union college platform, and described trade union college platform to be arranged on slide unit II and can along slide unit II way moving; Described executing agency comprises aerodynamic moment spanner, hydraulic motor and dismounting bar, and described aerodynamic moment spanner is connected with dismounting bar by the gear-box coordinated with hydraulic motor, is also provided with the clutch of cooperation between described aerodynamic moment spanner and gear-box.
2. Bolt dismantling as claimed in claim 1 and erecting device, it is characterized in that: described trade union college platform comprises base and mounting platform, described mounting platform is rotatable around axle center to be arranged on base, and mounting platform is provided with positioning core axle and hold-down mechanism.
3. Bolt dismantling as claimed in claim 2 and erecting device, is characterized in that: the rotatable engagement portion between described base and mounting platform is also provided with one group of retaining mechanism.
4. the Bolt dismantling as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 and erecting device, it is characterized in that: described slide unit I comprises guide rail I and erecting bed I, described erecting bed I is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail I, described portal frame is arranged on erecting bed I, one end of guide rail I is provided with drive motors I, and the leading screw I drive installation platform I that drive motors I passes through to coordinate is along guide rail I way moving.
5. Bolt dismantling as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3 and erecting device, it is characterized in that: described slide unit II comprises guide rail II and erecting bed II, described erecting bed II is slidably connected and is arranged on guide rail II, described base is arranged on erecting bed II, one end of guide rail II is provided with drive motors II, and drive motors II drives workbench II along guide rail II way moving by the leading screw II coordinated.
6. the Bolt dismantling as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 and erecting device, is characterized in that: described slide unit I is or/and slide unit II is provided with visual scale.
7. the Bolt dismantling as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 and erecting device, it is characterized in that: described portal frame both sides are provided with leading screw III, portal frame top is provided with drive motors III, described hoisting cross beam is equipped with on leading screw III, and drive motors III drives hoisting cross beam to move up and down along portal frame by leading screw III.
CN201310456693.0A 2013-09-30 2013-09-30 A kind of Bolt dismantling and erecting device Active CN103465014B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103465014B true CN103465014B (en) 2015-10-21

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104057296A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-24 镇江市申茂机械有限公司 Position regulating device for pneumatic pick
CN104889723B (en) * 2015-06-23 2017-04-12 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Single-head cap pulling machine
CN107020504A (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-08 天津市津耐电器有限公司 A kind of new screwing device
CN108318987A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-07-24 山东小胖网络科技有限公司 A kind of lift visualization connecton layout and its wiring method
CN113399989A (en) * 2020-03-17 2021-09-17 中石化石油工程技术服务有限公司 Automatic disassembly and assembly system of blowout preventer
CN115268525B (en) * 2022-07-25 2024-04-09 武汉中车四方维保中心有限公司 Torque control device and application method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5809760A (en) * 1995-05-26 1998-09-22 Rexroat; William G. Universal blade rake
CN201164995Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-12-17 沈孝芹 Gantry type screw mounting robot
CN101811251A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-08-25 长春吉扬华欣科技有限责任公司 Automatic assembly equipment for fixed torque bolt of splitting connecting rod
CN201645138U (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-11-24 刘海宁 Horizontal multi-station automatic screwing machine
CN203003463U (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-06-19 东莞市力生机械设备有限公司 Screw automatically locking machine for cellphone assembly

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5809760A (en) * 1995-05-26 1998-09-22 Rexroat; William G. Universal blade rake
CN201164995Y (en) * 2008-01-22 2008-12-17 沈孝芹 Gantry type screw mounting robot
CN201645138U (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-11-24 刘海宁 Horizontal multi-station automatic screwing machine
CN101811251A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-08-25 长春吉扬华欣科技有限责任公司 Automatic assembly equipment for fixed torque bolt of splitting connecting rod
CN203003463U (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-06-19 东莞市力生机械设备有限公司 Screw automatically locking machine for cellphone assembly

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