CN103449707A - Production method of dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass - Google Patents

Production method of dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103449707A
CN103449707A CN201210166307XA CN201210166307A CN103449707A CN 103449707 A CN103449707 A CN 103449707A CN 201210166307X A CN201210166307X A CN 201210166307XA CN 201210166307 A CN201210166307 A CN 201210166307A CN 103449707 A CN103449707 A CN 103449707A
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China
Prior art keywords
dark brown
glass
soda
sodium calcium
molten
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CN201210166307XA
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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陈银凤
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Priority to CN201210166307XA priority Critical patent/CN103449707A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a production method of dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass, and a dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass product belongs to the glass manufacturing field; according to the production method, an electric continuous smelting furnace is used as equipment, quartz sand, dark brown glass cullet, soda ash, limestone, feldspar, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate tetrahydrate, chromium ore powder and borax are used as raw materials, and the dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass is obtained through proportioning, mixing, melting, forming, annealing, cooling, sand blasting and other processes; the production method has a series of advantages of simple process, low production cost, convenient raw material source, mature technology, no pollution, suitability of industrialized production and the like, the dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass product is mainly used in places where show defined areas but are not enclosed in the room decoration, and the dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass can be made into a fine folding screen.

Description

A kind of production method of dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass
Technical field
The invention belongs to glass manufacturing area, relate in particular to a kind of production method of dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass.
Background technology
Soda-lime glass is that to take quartz sand, soda ash, Wingdale, feldspar etc. be main raw material, through 1500 ℃ of-1600 ℃ of high-temperature fusion, moulding, and through the cooling and amorphous noncrystalline solid material that makes fast, its chemical composition is mainly silicon-dioxide, sodium oxide, calcium oxide, also have in addition a small amount of iron, aluminium sesquioxide, magnesium oxide, potassium oxide etc., this glass is called soda-lime glass, soda-lime glass is with low cost, easy-formation, suitable for mass production, its output accounts for 90% of practical glass, and it is of many uses.The present invention is the dark brown sodium calcium of a kind of deep processed product with soda-lime glass sand blasting glass, sand blasting glass is with water mixing silicon carbide, high pressure spraying is at glass surface, through automatic horizontal sandblast machine or vertical sand blasting machine at the glassy product that is processed into level or intaglio pattern on glass.Sand blasting glass makes the surface of flat glass cause erosion by high-tech technique, thereby forms translucent atomized surface effect, has a kind of dim aesthetic feeling, basically similar to mat glass on performance, and different is, and to change frosted be sandblast.In the finishing in room, mainly be used in the place that the performance delimited area is not but sealed mutually, as between dining room and parlor, available sand blasting glass is made the screen of one fineness.The present invention be take the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace as equipment, take quartz sand, dark brown glass cullet, soda ash, Wingdale, feldspar, ferrous sulfate, four water manganous sulfates, chromite ore fine, borax is raw material, obtain dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass by operations such as batching, blending, melting, moulding, annealing, cooling, sandblasts, the method has that technique is simple, production cost is low, raw material sources are convenient, technical maturity, pollution-free, be applicable to the series of advantages such as suitability for industrialized production.In its formula, dark brown glass cullet of using come by salvage collection, and it is cheap, and contained impurity is few, can improve the quality of soda-lime glass, again can utilization of waste material, and existing social benefit, have an economic benefit again.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide the method for the dark brown sodium calcium of a kind of suitability for industrialized production sand blasting glass, by batching, blending, melting, moulding, annealing, the operation such as cooling obtains sodium calcium sheet glass, the method is with quartz sand, dark brown glass cullet, soda ash, Wingdale, feldspar, ferrous sulfate, four water manganous sulfates, chromite ore fine, borax is raw material, by batching, blending, melting, moulding, annealing, cooling, the operations such as sandblast make dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass, the raw material weight per-cent that the present invention uses is: quartz sand 63%-65%, dark brown glass cullet 15%-17%, soda ash 10%, Wingdale 4%, feldspar 4%, ferrous sulfate 0.4%, four water manganous sulfates 0.4%, chromite ore fine 0.4%, borax 0.8%.
The present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The method of the dark brown sodium calcium of a kind of suitability for industrialized production sand blasting glass is characterized by following steps and forms:
(1) quartz sand of formula ratio, dark brown glass cullet, soda ash, Wingdale, feldspar, ferrous sulfate, four water manganous sulfates, chromite ore fine, borax are mixed to rear even blend, compound is sent into to the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace, temperature in the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is elevated between 1560 ℃-1580 ℃, keep this temperature 20-22 hour, make compound reach molten state, obtain dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass.
(2) make tin tank heating tin in molten tin bath in molten state, the tin degree of depth of molten state should be more than 30 centimetres, quantitative dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is flowed into to molten tin bath certainly, dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass floats over the surface of tin liquor because proportion is little, under the acting in conjunction of gravity and surface tension of liquid, form the dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass of tabular, the thickness of adjusting dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is 5 millimeters, now be cooled to slowly below 900 ℃ and make it to become solid, then solid glass is pulled out to molten tin bath, send into annealing furnace, at annealing furnace, progressively lower the temperature, when temperature is down to 150 ℃ of left and right, annealing is complete, finished product is sent in air, naturally cool to normal temperature in air.
(3) the automatic horizontal sandblast machine of controlling with computer to glass surface, obtains finished product after the pattern of formation computer design by the mixture high-velocity jet of water and silicon carbide.
Temperature of fusion in electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace described in above-mentioned steps (1) is 1570 ℃, and fusing time is 21 hours.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
(1) technique is simple, production cost is low, and raw material sources are convenient, technical maturity, pollution-free;
(2) be suitable for industrialized mass production, quality product is high.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The quartz sand that total amount is 65%, 15% dark brown glass cullet, 10% soda ash, 4% Wingdale, 4% feldspar, 0.4% ferrous sulfate, 0.4% four water manganous sulfates, 0.4% chromite ore fine, 0.8% the rear even blend of borax mixing will be accounted for, compound is sent into to the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace, temperature in the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is elevated between 1560 ℃-1580 ℃, keep this temperature 20-22 hour, make compound reach molten state, obtain dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass, make tin tank heating tin in molten tin bath in molten state, the tin degree of depth of molten state should be more than 30 centimetres, quantitative dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is flowed into to molten tin bath certainly, dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass floats over the surface of tin liquor because proportion is little, under the acting in conjunction of gravity and surface tension of liquid, form the dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass of tabular, the thickness of adjusting dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is 5 millimeters, now be cooled to slowly below 900 ℃ and make it to become solid, then solid glass is pulled out to molten tin bath, send into annealing furnace, at annealing furnace, progressively lower the temperature, when temperature is down to 150 ℃ of left and right, annealing is complete, finished product is sent in air, naturally cool to normal temperature in air, the automatic horizontal sandblast machine of controlling with computer to glass surface, obtains finished product after the pattern of formation computer design by the mixture high-velocity jet of water and silicon carbide.
Embodiment 2
The quartz sand that total amount is 66%, 14% dark brown glass cullet, 10% soda ash, 4% Wingdale, 4% feldspar, 0.4% ferrous sulfate, 0.4% four water manganous sulfates, 0.4% chromite ore fine, 0.8% the rear even blend of borax mixing will be accounted for, compound is sent into to the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace, temperature in the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is elevated between 1560 ℃-1580 ℃, keep this temperature 20-22 hour, make compound reach molten state, obtain dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass, make tin tank heating tin in molten tin bath in molten state, the tin degree of depth of molten state should be more than 30 centimetres, quantitative dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is flowed into to molten tin bath certainly, dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass floats over the surface of tin liquor because proportion is little, under the acting in conjunction of gravity and surface tension of liquid, form the dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass of tabular, the thickness of adjusting dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is 5 millimeters, now be cooled to slowly below 900 ℃ and make it to become solid, then solid glass is pulled out to molten tin bath, send into annealing furnace, at annealing furnace, progressively lower the temperature, when temperature is down to 150 ℃ of left and right, annealing is complete, finished product is sent in air, naturally cool to normal temperature in air, the automatic horizontal sandblast machine of controlling with computer to glass surface, obtains finished product after the pattern of formation computer design by the mixture high-velocity jet of water and silicon carbide.
Embodiment 3
The quartz sand that total amount is 67%, 13% dark brown glass cullet, 10% soda ash, 4% Wingdale, 4% feldspar, 0.4% ferrous sulfate, 0.4% four water manganous sulfates, 0.4% chromite ore fine, 0.8% the rear even blend of borax mixing will be accounted for, compound is sent into to the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace, temperature in the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is elevated between 1560 ℃-1580 ℃, keep this temperature 20-22 hour, make compound reach molten state, obtain dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass, make tin tank heating tin in molten tin bath in molten state, the tin degree of depth of molten state should be more than 30 centimetres, quantitative dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is flowed into to molten tin bath certainly, dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass floats over the surface of tin liquor because proportion is little, under the acting in conjunction of gravity and surface tension of liquid, form the dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass of tabular, the thickness of adjusting dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is 5 millimeters, now be cooled to slowly below 900 ℃ and make it to become solid, then solid glass is pulled out to molten tin bath, send into annealing furnace, at annealing furnace, progressively lower the temperature, when temperature is down to 150 ℃ of left and right, annealing is complete, finished product is sent in air, naturally cool to normal temperature in air, the automatic horizontal sandblast machine of controlling with computer to glass surface, obtains finished product after the pattern of formation computer design by the mixture high-velocity jet of water and silicon carbide.

Claims (2)

1. the production method of a dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass, its composition of raw materials counts by weight percentage, and comprising: quartz sand 63%-65%, dark brown glass cullet 15%-17%, soda ash 10%, Wingdale 4%, feldspar 4%, ferrous sulfate 0.4%, four water manganous sulfates 0.4%, chromite ore fine 0.4%, borax 0.8%, it is characterized in that: step (1) is mixed rear even blend by the quartz sand of formula ratio, dark brown glass cullet, soda ash, Wingdale, feldspar, ferrous sulfate, four water manganous sulfates, chromite ore fine, borax, compound is sent into to the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace, temperature in the electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is elevated between 1560 ℃-1580 ℃, keep this temperature 20-22 hour, make compound reach molten state, obtain dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass, step (2) makes tin tank heating tin in molten tin bath in molten state, the tin degree of depth of molten state should be more than 30 centimetres, quantitative dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is flowed into to molten tin bath certainly, dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass floats over the surface of tin liquor because proportion is little, under the acting in conjunction of gravity and surface tension of liquid, form the dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass of tabular, the thickness of adjusting dark brown soda-lime glass molten mass is 5 millimeters, now be cooled to slowly below 900 ℃ and make it to become solid, then solid glass is pulled out to molten tin bath, send into annealing furnace, at annealing furnace, progressively lower the temperature, when temperature is down to 150 ℃ of left and right, annealing is complete, finished product is sent in air, naturally cool to normal temperature in air, the automatic horizontal sandblast machine that step (3) is controlled with computer to glass surface, obtains finished product after the pattern of formation computer design by the mixture high-velocity jet of water and silicon carbide.
2. the production method of a kind of dark brown sodium calcium sand blasting glass according to claim 1, the feature of its step (1) is: the temperature of fusion in described electric smelting continuous induction melting furnace is 1570 ℃, and fusing time is 21 hours.
CN201210166307XA 2012-05-27 2012-05-27 Production method of dark brown sodium calcium sandblasted glass Pending CN103449707A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104973782A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-14 安徽鑫泰玻璃科技有限公司 Frosted glass production process
CN106995280A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-01 南宁东印时代广告有限公司 Ground glass
CN109020261A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 杭州祥捷玻璃有限公司 The production method and application of the U-shaped glass of sandblasting

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104973782A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-14 安徽鑫泰玻璃科技有限公司 Frosted glass production process
CN106995280A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-01 南宁东印时代广告有限公司 Ground glass
CN109020261A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 杭州祥捷玻璃有限公司 The production method and application of the U-shaped glass of sandblasting

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Application publication date: 20131218