CN103435156A - Low-energy and intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus - Google Patents

Low-energy and intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103435156A
CN103435156A CN2013102190843A CN201310219084A CN103435156A CN 103435156 A CN103435156 A CN 103435156A CN 2013102190843 A CN2013102190843 A CN 2013102190843A CN 201310219084 A CN201310219084 A CN 201310219084A CN 103435156 A CN103435156 A CN 103435156A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
circulation
oxygen
district
ecological
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013102190843A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103435156B (en
Inventor
彭云龙
曾贤桂
陈兆勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Dida Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
SHENZHEN DIDA WATER ENGINEERING Co Ltd
SHENZHEN DIDA DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHENZHEN DIDA WATER ENGINEERING Co Ltd, SHENZHEN DIDA DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTE filed Critical SHENZHEN DIDA WATER ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310219084.3A priority Critical patent/CN103435156B/en
Publication of CN103435156A publication Critical patent/CN103435156A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103435156B publication Critical patent/CN103435156B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a low-energy and intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus for upgrading and reconstruction of a sewage treatment system. A contact oxidation tank for sewage treatment is provided with a solar power installation and wind driven generators so as to provide energy for operation of the sewage treatment system. The tank is provided with at least one three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification processing unit; each unit is divided into an ecological deodorization zone and a circulation nitrification reaction zone from top to bottom; each reaction zone is divided into a facultative sedimentation zone and a central sedimentation zone from inside to outside; and the contact oxidation tank is provided with aeration components to form an aerobic fluidized zone. A controller is introduced to control flow rate, dissolved oxygen, temperature and sludge concentration in the tank during sewage treatment, so that the sewage can flow circularly for a plurality of times between the aerobic zone and the facultative sedimentation zone to form a nitrification reaction circulation. A supernatant after reaction flows out from a collecting pipe. The sewage can realize the circulation nitrification by aeration power, so that pollutants can be effectively removed and the sewage can meet discharge indexes for upgrading and reconstruction of municipal sewage plants.

Description

Less energy-consumption, the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of waste water treatment, be specifically related to the upgrading for Sewage treatment systems, in particular in upgrading and reconstructing urban sewage factory to discharge indexs such as deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation and total nitrogens strict ecological purification treatment process and adopt the device of the method design.
Background technology
Major river valley water in 2008 pollutes the result of appraisal and shows, the section ratio that the major river valley ammonia nitrogen surpasses V class standard value is 18.9% and 22.1%, and ammonia nitrogen surpasses chemical oxygen demand (COD) (COD) and becomes the primary index that affects the surface water quality of water environment.In the environmental protection planning of country " 12 ", the kind of principal pollutant being carried out to overall control will be increased.During " 12 ", when continuing to advance the work of chemical oxygen demand (COD) (COD) pollution emission reduction, be necessary to include ammonia nitrogen in the main Sewage Water Emissions in the whole nation restrictive target of controlling, by the Sewage treatment systems upgrading, improve life source ammonia nitrogen removal efficiency, catch the key industrys such as chemical industry, papermaking, food-processing simultaneously, be aided with the agricultural sources prevention and cure of pollution, can effectively control the ammonia nitrogen total emission volumn.
Urban sewage treatment system is one of major measure of these pollutions of control, existing century-old developing history.Urban sewage treatment process has also experienced three developing periods: bury at sewage one-level place, sewage second-level is processed, tertiary sewage treatment.In sewage treatment facility, the source of foul smell is mainly sewage pre-treatment part (grille well, lift pump room water collecting basin, settling pit, anoxic pond and Aerobic Pond) and sludge treatment part (mud storage pool, dewater between etc.), is the emphasis of deodorizing.
Specifically to the urban sewage treatment process technology, mainly contain following several technology and there are the characteristics of compound Sustainable development:
(1) Anammox; (2) synchronous nitration. denitrification; (3) short distance nitration. denitrification; (4) denitrification phosphorus-collecting; (5) consume endogenous carbon source Simultaneous Nitrification one denitrification (SND); Etc..
According to the character of water pollutant and the characteristics in subtractive process, we are divided three classes the pollutent in sanitary sewage usually: the organic carbon pollutant, nitrogen-containing pollutant, contain phosphor contaminant: corresponding pollutant removing process adopts the biomineralization (organic carbon is transformed into to carbonic acid gas) of organic carbon usually, nitrification and denitrification (nitrogenous compound is transformed into to nitrogen) and biological dephosphorization (P contained compound is transformed into to insoluble inorganic phosphate precipitation).Due to the biological species difference of above-mentioned three processes, the biological characteristics difference, the processing unit of employing and process are not identical.People consider the difference of each section biological characteristics the earliest, the treatment process that adopts the many equipment of multistage to control respectively, as: aerobic (removing carbonaceous organic material) aerobic (nitrated) anaerobism (denitrification), although this technique is convenient to control, can make microorganism in the optimum growh state, increased processing cost but need to supplement new carbon source during due to anaerobic denitrifying, invested larger simultaneously because treatment process is long, people have developed again rearmounted nitration processes for this reason: anaerobism (denitrification) aerobic (de-organic carbon) aerobic (nitrated) is back to anaerobism section (partial discharge), in this technology utilization sewage, original carbon source is as the denitrifying energy, saved the new carbon source that need to add, but face the problem of backflow, the first has increased power consumption, the 2nd, reduced denitrification percent, because denitrification percent is directly related with recurrence rate, reach 90% denitrification percent and just need 9 times of quantity of reflux, power consumption and volume of equipment all increase greatly, investment does not reduce according to the set goal with working cost, implement the shortcoming of above-mentioned three kinds of technological processs in order to overcome the segmentation subset, sequencing batch active sludge SBR technique obtains common concern, it has simplified technological process and equipment, complete above-mentioned three processes by controlling different operating parameterss in a single devices, but, it has sacrificed top condition and the stability factor thereof of microorganism growth, in fact make various microorganism growth in a single devices, the a certain class Fast Growth of different time chien shihs and another a few class is suppressed, alternate run successively, total biological efficiency does not reach good order and condition.Simultaneously in order to realize the continuity of sewage treatment process, have to adopt the cycling service of alternately intaking of a plurality of single devices, its plant factor is lower, floor space and investment strengthen, wherein not reach Optimal State be also to cause volume of equipment load not high to biology, need to be than one of major reason of large equipment volume.Can realize continuous de-organic carbon in a single devices, denitrogenation, dephosphorization is the hot issue that people study always.
M.Ros and J.Vrtovsek have studied a kind of anaerobism. anoxic. and aerobic integratedization sewage disposal device, its main body experimental installation is a cylindrical pad tower reactor, tower body is because the control of oxygen supply position and quantity of reflux realizes three oxygen characteristic subregions: bottom l/4 is anaerobism section (void tower), middle part 1,4 is anoxic section (filler is arranged), and top 1/2 is aerobic section (filler is arranged); Sewage enters reactor from bottom, and at first, by anaerobic zone, anaerobic zone top has refluxing opening that the sewage after the part anaerobic treatment is turned back to the pool of spouting; Sewage after anaerobic treatment upwards enters into oxygen-starved area, and realize by water part, CD district being back to the bottom, oxygen-starved area in the source of oxygen-starved area trace dissolved oxygen; Sewage after process oxygen-starved area upwards enters into the CD district, the dissolved oxygen in CD district derives from the oxygen supply equipment that is located at bottom, CD district. in this reactor, bottom is equivalent to UASB, filler is not set, rely on anaerobic grain sludge to realize that acidification hydrolization deviates from the organic carbon pollutent, the suspension of particle is controlled by the quantity of reflux of anaerobism section itself.Anoxic section major function is denitrification, the micromolecular compound that its carbon source can be produced by the hydrolysis of anaerobism section easily provides, nitrifying process completes at aerobic section, by backflow, is incorporated into the anoxic section, and its primary process is similar to foregoing forward type biological denitrification process.Although this technique has realized serialization single devices anaerobism. anoxic. aerobic sewage treatment process, but self refluxing of anaerobism section needs power wheel drive, aerobic section is to the backflow of anoxic section also consumption of power, the forward type denitrification is not eliminated the requirement of high reflux ratio simultaneously. and high reflux ratio will bring high-solubility oxygen, anoxic section operating parameters is controlled and be difficult for stablizing.
S.H.Chuang, ete. developed another anaerobism one anoxic one aerobic integratedization sewage disposal device, three troughs adjacent one another are that its main equipment is horizontal positioned, the first groove is the anaerobism groove, the second groove is the anoxic groove, three-flute is aerobic slot, sewage enters reactor from the anaerobism groove, and overflow backward successively, anaerobism groove and anoxic groove all arrange and stir with the reinforcing mass transfer process, the anaerobism groove is by the air oxygen supply and realize whipping process, aerobic slot also is provided with pneumatic blodisc, to improve processing efficiency, simultaneously, its denitrification process still relies on the aerobic slot effluent recycling to realize to the anoxic groove.This reactor does not fundamentally overcome the defect of previous reaction device, and on the contrary, the stirring of anaerobism and anoxic groove has increased again power consumption, and Denitrification rate is still controlled by quantity of reflux, and quantity of reflux still exists the impact of dissolved oxygen.
Except forming as far as possible on structure of reactor integration apparatus, the reaction conditions that research is optimized in separating device is also to reduce the sewage disposal device cost, the importance of saving working cost.Ruey.Fang Yu, ere. studied in Continuous Flow SBR system and be implemented in the feasibility that line traffic control is carried out the enhanced sewage processing efficiency, its selected control parameter comprises redox potential (OPR), potential of hydrogen 0H), dissolved oxygen (DO), sludge concentration (MLSS), and carry out data processing and control with computer.Above-mentioned four kinds of parameters are to optimizing biological growth conditions, controlling various biochemical reaction processes has very important significance, especially the Controlling System based on neural network, can greatly reduce hydraulic detention time and aerobic power consumption: aerobic saving 45% of the residence time, anoxic saves 15.5%, total residence time saves 23.75%, aerobic energy-conservation up to 45%.
A large amount of Research And Engineering practices show, realize the aerobic three kinds of states of anaerobism one anoxic one and three kinds of innoxious processes of decarburization one denitrogenation one dephosphorization, liquid return is inevitable link, the oxygen supply aeration process that also is absolutely necessary simultaneously, both need the consumption of power, both can be combined is energy-conservation key issue.Airlift bioreactor is the widely biochemical reactor of application, also acquisition application (fluidized-bed wastewater treatment biochemical reactor) in aerobic sewage treatment process simultaneously in biological fermentation in recent years.
Guo--Qing Li.etc. has studied mass transfer and the gas-liquid cycle problem of stickiness non-Newtonian fluid in the internal circulation gas-lift type bio-reactor, has measured gas-liquid oxygen transfer rate constant K la and other kinetic parameters.Taku Fujiwara, ete. has studied various parameters in the baffling tubular reactor (such as inner and outer pipes diameter ratio, liquid circulation velocity etc.) to the organic carbon in sanitary sewage disposal (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), the impact of the decreasing ratio of dissolved nitrogen (DN).Above-mentioned research work focus on strengthening the gas-liquid mass transfer effect, improve uniprocessing efficiency, but for comprehensive dynamic efficiency and anaerobism. the anoxic process does not relate to.
The treatment process that current domestic town sewage treatment system adopts, it is on the low side that ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen are removed efficiency, total nitrogen particularly, clearance efficiency is generally lower than 80%, in order to meet the environmental requirement of country " 12 ", imperative to municipal wastewater treatment system upgrading, and the Sewage treatment systems upgrading faces two kinds of approach, the one, to the Sewage treatment systems dilatation, the 2nd, need exploitation new high-efficiency denitrogenation material to reach the very efficient technique such as deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation and total nitrogen, but need like this regular hour and higher manpower and materials cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the prior art defect, a kind of comprehensively China's different geographical is provided, dissimilar Small Urban sewage discharge characteristics, and less energy-consumption for Sewage treatment systems upgrading process, smart three-dimensional design ecological outer circulation nitrifying method not up to standard for discharge indexs such as deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation and total nitrogens and adopt the nitrated device of stereo ecological outer circulation of the method design.
The less energy-consumption for the Sewage treatment systems upgrading that the present invention proposes, the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional are: the roof solar power generation assembly is set above the sewage disposal contact-oxidation pool, periphery arranges aerogenerator, to generate electricity to whole operation of sewage disposal system, in contact-oxidation pool, at least one stereo ecological outer circulation nitration treatment unit is set, and be divided into ecological deodorizing district and circulation nitration reaction district from top to bottom in each nitrated unit of described stereo ecological outer circulation, described circulation nitration reaction district from outer to inner is divided into hold concurrently oxygen negative area and CD district, in described contact-oxidation pool, aeration element is set simultaneously, make zone in addition, described circulation nitration reaction district form aerobic fluidization regions, and the flow when introducing controller and controlling the sewage disposal in pond, the content of dissolved oxygen, temperature in pond and sludge concentration, aeration effect by aeration element in described aerobic fluidization regions, sewage in described contact-oxidation pool is introduced to described double oxygen negative area by the outer circulation water inlet, make aerobic fluidization regions fluid density lower than described double oxygen negative area, to form the density difference in both intervals, thereby make the liquid between the Liang Ge district produce mobile, the liquid undertaken after the processing of sewerage ecological nitrifying process by described double oxygen negative area flows out and reenters in described aerobic fluidization regions by the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle, start next circulation, through the supernatant liquor of the nitration reaction that repeatedly circulates, finally by being arranged at hold concurrently upper end, CD district on the oxygen case and the header of the low 50-500mm of the described outer circulation water inlet of its water table ratio of described circulation, flow out.
The less energy-consumption for the Sewage treatment systems upgrading that the present invention proposes, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, described contact-oxidation pool top is provided with the roof solar power generation assembly, and periphery arranges aerogenerator, by master controller, controls; Be provided with the nitrated unit of at least one stereo ecological outer circulation in described contact-oxidation pool, each nitrated unit of described processing unit stereo ecological outer circulation is divided into ecological deodorizing district and circulation nitration reaction district from top to bottom, described deodorizing district is positioned at top, described circulation nitration reaction district, and in it, plantation has water to support plant; Described circulation nitration reaction district is arranged at a circulation and holds concurrently in the oxygen case, described circulation nitration reaction district from outer to inner is divided into hold concurrently oxygen negative area and CD district, described CD district is located at the zone at described circulation Jian Yangxiang center, and described double oxygen negative area arranges around described CD district; Described contact-oxidation pool is provided with aeration element, forms aerobic fluidization regions; In the described circulation oxygen upper box part of holding concurrently, offer the outer circulation water-in that can be communicated with described contact-oxidation pool, the described circulation oxygen lower box part of holding concurrently is provided with the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle, and upper end, described CD district is provided with the header water outlet, and the water table ratio outer circulation water inlet of described header hangs down 50-500mm; Described master controller also is electrically connected with flow director, dissolved oxygen controller, temperature regulator and and sludge concentration controller.
Less energy-consumption provided by the invention, in the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional, by absorbing sun power and the wind-force that utilizes nature, for whole operation of sewage disposal system provides the energy, make it not need external source, and aboundresources, both can freely use, again without transportation, to environment without any pollution, the nitrated unit of a plurality of stereo ecological outer circulations that it arranges in treating pond is under continuous running status, can realize in the horizontal direction the Gradient distribution of dissolved oxygen, and manage throughout in unit different zones is set, cultivate nitrobacteria and denitrifying bacterium, and by aeration power, sewage is circulated at regional, make mud realize endless backflow, remove organic pollutant thereby reach, the purpose of denitrogenation.Simultaneously, temperature and sludge concentration in flow while by control device, controlling the sewage disposal in pond, the content of dissolved oxygen, pond, the nitrated device of stereo ecological outer circulation arranged at treating pond is under sequence batch (or succession running condition, can cultivate in the CD district nitrobacteria, double oxygen negative area cultivation Denitrifying Phosphate Accumulating Organisms, and then completing the less energy-consumption of sewage disposal, the intelligent technological process of controlling anaerobic phosphorus release, aerobic nitrification and double oxygen denitrification phosphorus-collecting, final realization removes the purpose of organic pollutant, denitrogenation and dephosphorization.
Less energy-consumption proposed by the invention, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional is just on the basis of aforementioned various research work, comprehensive China different geographical, dissimilar Small Urban sewage discharge characteristics, overcome prior art to discharge index shortcomings not up to standard such as deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation and total nitrogens, a kind of novel ecological sewage place and reuse technology have been proposed, in Sewage Plant upgrading process, can not increase the engineering land used newly, not newly-increased running cost, reach efficient, energy-conservation, low investment, low-cost, convenient management and operation, applicable region is target widely, purpose is deodorizing total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and total nitrogen etc. to be risen to the discharge index that is better than one-level A again.The organism that its high efficiency will be embodied in unit volume removes that load is high, and denitrification ability is strong, and dephosphorizing capacity is strong; Its energy saving will be embodied in and only depend on oxygen supply power to complete various water reflux courses, the dynamic efficiency of conventional oxygen supply process not only is embodied on the oxygen transfer efficiency, and be embodied on the promotion liquid return, can will be reached for the biological denitrificaion target by automatic control system especially, make mud realize endless backflow; Its low investment will be embodied in the process that removes different pollutents (differential responses condition) and complete in a unit, facility compact, and floor space is little, and one-time investment is little, has reduced many refluxing unit energy consumptions, has reduced the facility investment expense; Its low cost will be embodied in power consumption and reduce rear electricity charge minimizing, and equipment maintenance cost reduces, and the manual operation expense reduces; Its intelligent advantage will be embodied in automatic detection and the feedback control of all multiparameters, make each reaction process all in corresponding zone, corresponding top condition, metastable operation; The accessibility of its operational administrative will be embodied in treating processes itself to be simplified, and detection level is higher automatically, and manually-operated error etc. can drop to minimum.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is integral layout schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is apparatus of the present invention embodiment mono-front section view;
Fig. 3 is apparatus of the present invention vertical view;
Fig. 4 is the nitrated unit embodiment mono-structure front section view of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
The levitation device one side installation side view that Fig. 5 is the nitrated unit embodiment mono-of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
The levitation device opposite side installation side view that Fig. 6 is the nitrated unit embodiment mono-of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
The vertical view that Fig. 7 is the nitrated unit embodiment mono-of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
Fig. 8 is plant basket structure vertical view in the nitrated unit of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
Fig. 9 is the nitrated unit embodiment bis-structure front section views of apparatus of the present invention stereo ecological outer circulation;
Figure 10 is that apparatus of the present invention are applied to the urban sewage treatment process schema;
Figure 11 is that apparatus of the present invention are applied to the technique for treating industrial wastewater schema;
The comparison that Figure 12 is apparatus of the present invention and traditional technology.
embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only, for explaining the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
At first the present invention provides a kind of less energy-consumption for the Sewage treatment systems upgrading, the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional, that the roof solar device is set above the contact-oxidation pool of sewage disposal, periphery arranges aerogenerator, to generate electricity to whole operation of sewage disposal system, in described contact-oxidation pool, the nitrated unit of at least one stereo ecological outer circulation is set, can embark on journey according to the application place in each nitrated unit of stereo ecological outer circulation, in column or be array format, and each nitrated unit of described stereo ecological outer circulation is divided into ecological deodorizing district and circulation nitration reaction district from top to bottom, the nitration reaction that wherein circulates district can be arranged at a circulation and hold concurrently in the oxygen case, described circulation nitration reaction district from outer to inner is divided into again hold concurrently oxygen negative area and CD district, double oxygen negative area and CD district are arranged in the double oxygen case of this circulation, at contact-oxidation pool, aeration element is set simultaneously, and the flow when introducing controller and controlling the sewage disposal in pond, the content of dissolved oxygen, temperature in pond and sludge concentration.Aeration element also can be located at intersection or the close oxygen case position of holding concurrently of circulating between each nitrated unit of stereo ecological outer circulation, and the aerobic fluidization regions of the interior formation of oxygen case contact-oxidation pool in addition of holding concurrently makes to circulate.The castering action of the aeration by the contact-oxidation pool aeration element, the fluidized active sludge and the liquid that enter in contact-oxidation pool can be driven and risen by aerobic fluidization regions (rising area), flow through to while approaching water surface 50-500mm, fluidized active sludge and liquid can flow into and flow to the oxygen negative area (decline district) of holding concurrently by the outer circulation water-in through being arranged on the double oxygen upper box part of circulation, owing to after aerobic fluidization regions (rising area) aeration, containing bubble, the density ratio oxygen negative area (decline district) of holding concurrently is low, thereby can produce the density difference of rising area and last transition, make the place that between 2nd district, liquid is high from density flow to low density place, be that liquid can flow to the oxygen negative area of holding concurrently from aerobic fluidization regions, make hold concurrently oxygen negative area (decline district) interior active sludge and downward liquid flow, the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle arranged by the double oxygen case bottom of circulating flows out, enter again aerobic fluidization regions (rising area), at this moment, the active sludge and the liquid that enter aerobic fluidization regions rise by the effect of aeration element again, make active sludge and liquid again by the outer circulation water-in, reenter the double oxygen negative area (decline district) in the double oxygen case of circulation in rising area, start next circulation, complete sewerage ecological nitrifying process in contact-oxidation pool.Carry out solid-liquid separation in the CD district of sewage in the oxygen case is held concurrently in circulation through the nitration reaction that repeatedly circulates, the header water outlet that supernatant liquor is finally arranged by upper end, described CD district flows out, and the water table ratio outer circulation water inlet of header hangs down 50-500mm.Like this, by absorbing sun power and the wind-force that utilizes nature, for whole operation of sewage disposal system provides the energy, make it not need external source, and aboundresources, both can freely use, again without transportation, to environment without any pollution, simultaneously, flow while by control device, controlling the sewage disposal in pond, the content of dissolved oxygen, temperature in pond and sludge concentration, the sewage that is arranged in contact-oxidation pool is fully adsorbed and decompose odor by ecological deodorizing district in continuous transverse flow process, simultaneously constantly from outside to inside, in upper and lower working cycle at contact-oxidation pool (aerobic fluidization regions) fully oxygen supply and proper temperature, under nutritional condition, make to be invested in aerobic microorganism amount reproduction in this zone, cultivate nitrobacteria, cultivate Denitrifying Phosphate Accumulating Organisms in circulation nitration reaction district, and utilize it that oxidation operation in sewage is decomposed, thus in the past, constantly make the sewage outside the double oxygen case that circulates enter its internal recycle, and then can complete the less energy-consumption of Sewage water treatment, the intelligent anaerobic phosphorus release of controlling, the technological process of aerobic nitrification and double oxygen denitrification phosphorus-collecting.
In aforesaid method, the volumetric ratio in described aerobic fluidization regions and circulation nitration reaction district is chosen 1-2.5:0.4-1; When domestic sewage processing system is applied, its new construction index is: the project occupation of land area is 0.3-0.4m 2/ m 3, its operating parameter is: the aerobic fluidization regions reaction times is 4-6h; Mixed liquor suspended solid, MLSS concentration (MLSS) is controlled at 2500-7000mg/L; Aerobic fluidization regions dissolved oxygen (DO) is got 2-5mg/L, and circulation nitration reaction district dissolved oxygen (DO) is got 0.3-1.0mg/L, and the pH value is 7-7.8.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, according to aforesaid method, the present invention also provides the less energy-consumption of a kind of newly-built municipal wastewater treatment plant and upgrading and reconstructing urban sewage factory, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it comprises the contact-oxidation pool 2 in the processing of raw waste water treatment system, and roof solar power generation assembly 50 is set above this contact-oxidation pool 2, device of solar generating 50 comprises a plurality of sun power electroplaxs 501, these contact-oxidation pool 2 peripheries, aerogenerator 60 also is set, device of solar generating 50 also is connected a secondary battery 70 by circuit control device 80 with aerogenerator 60, the direct current that can make device of solar generating 50 and aerogenerator 60 produce converts to and meets the alternating-current that electrical network requires through circuit control device 80, and by secondary battery 70, the electrical power storage of when illumination is arranged, sun power electroplax 501 being sent, it's time to needs to discharge again.Device of solar generating 50, aerogenerator 60, circuit control device 80 and secondary battery 70, all control by master controller 90; In this contact-oxidation pool 2, be provided with the nitrated unit 1 of at least one stereo ecological outer circulation, the interior transverse row of contact-oxidation pool 2 shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 is shown 4 nitrated unit 1 of stereo ecological outer circulation, can realize the Gradient distribution of dissolved oxygen on contact-oxidation pool 2 horizontal directions, contact-oxidation pool 2 is provided with sewage inlet 21.Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 9, each described processing unit 1 is respectively arranged with deodorizing district A and circulation nitration reaction district B from top to bottom, described circulation nitration reaction district B is arranged in the double oxygen case 104 of circulation, described deodorizing district A is positioned at the double oxygen case of circulation 104 tops, plant and have water to support plant 4 in deodorizing district A, described water is supported plant 4 and is supported stems and be positioned at deodorizing district A, and the circulations that the branches and leaves 41 on its top are revealed in contact-oxidation pool 2 are held concurrently above oxygen case 104, and its lower root 42 is placed in the hold concurrently inside of oxygen case 104 of described circulation; Described circulation nitration reaction district B from outer to inner is divided into hold concurrently oxygen negative area B2 and CD district B1, and wherein CD district B1 is located at the zone at the double Yang Xiang of circulation 104 centers, and the oxygen negative area B2 that holds concurrently arranges around described CD district B1; Described circulation is held concurrently on oxygen case 104 and is offered the outer circulation water inlet 112 that can be communicated with the interior sewage of contact-oxidation pool 2, bottom is provided with outer circulation water outlet 106 and mud thrust-augmenting nozzle 105, in contact-oxidation pool 2 bottoms and in the double oxygen case 104 of circulation zone in addition, also be provided with aeration element 108, aeration tube 3 connects gas blower 400, for aeration element 108 provides oxygen, make this zone in contact-oxidation pool 2 form aerobic fluidization regions C, can be by aeration element 108 oxygenations of aeration tube 5 for arranging in aerobic fluidization regions C that are arranged at contact-oxidation pool 2 bottoms.In said apparatus, nitrobacteria and denitrifying bacterium are cultivated in different zones in the nitrated unit 1 of each stereo ecological outer circulation, and by aeration power, by the aerobic fluidization regions C(of contact-oxidation pool 2---rising area) in fluidized active sludge and liquid drive rising at aerobic fluidization regions C, flow through to while approaching water surface 50-500mm in outer circulation water-in 112 flows into the oxygen negative area B2 that holds concurrently, because aerobic fluidization regions C contains bubble, density ratio is held concurrently, and B2 is low in the oxygen negative area, form the density difference in two intervals, active sludge and liquid are constantly circulated at regional, make mud realize endless backflow, remove organic pollutant thereby reach, the purpose of denitrogenation.Supernatant liquor 103 by the nitration reaction that repeatedly circulates is by CD district B1, carrying out solid-liquid separation, the collection of units pipe outlet 221 finally arranged by B1 upper end, settling region, the double oxygen Xiang104Shang center of circulation flows out, the low 50-500mm of water table ratio outer circulation water inlet 112 of collection of units pipe outlet 221.Like this, the present invention, under continuous running status, can realize the Gradient distribution of dissolved oxygen in the horizontal direction, and each unit thoroughly reaches the purpose of removal organic polluter, denitrogenation and dephosphorization after the outer circulation nitration treatment.Can flow out to next treatment process (Figure 10, Figure 11) by collection of units pipe outlet 221 by the supernatant liquor 103 that carries out solid-liquid separation in CD district B1, the mud 110 precipitated in double oxygen negative area B2 is discharged by the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle 105 of the double oxygen case of circulation 104 bottoms, and derive by mud suction pump 300, the supernatant liquor 103 that completes above-mentioned circulating disposal process in contact-oxidation pool 2 finally flows out from water outlet 22.In above-mentioned working cycle, sewage is imported in contact-oxidation pool 2 by water-in 21 by intake pump 200, and its flow is controlled by flow director 91; Dissolved oxygen controller 92 is controlled aeration element 108 aeration rates, to control the content of dissolved oxygen in active sludge and liquid, the temperature of the interior active sludge of contact-oxidation pool 2 and liquid is controlled by temperature regulator 93, mud 110 concentration of discharging that precipitate are controlled by consistency controller 94, form the intelligent control process of whole system.
It should be noted that, after above-mentioned circulation, supernatant liquor 103 also can, under the control of master controller 90, by recycle pump 100, be reintroduced back in contact-oxidation pool pond 2, again carry out short distance nitration, denitrification process, thoroughly to guarantee the up to standard of the indexs such as deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation and total nitrogen.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the nitrated unit of the ecological outer circulation of apparatus of the present invention neutral body 1 concrete structure is further described.
Embodiment mono-:
Referring to Fig. 4, as being nitrated unit embodiment mono-structure of contrive equipment stereo ecological outer circulation, hold concurrently oxygen case 104 of described circulation suspends and is arranged in contact-oxidation pool 2, and top is provided with rectangle plant basket 116, and described water is supported 4 kinds of plants and planted in this plant basket 116.Specifically referring to Fig. 5-Fig. 8, plant basket 116 is fixing by plant basket support 115, two ends are provided with plant basket handle 1161, and 115 4 angles of plant basket support are respectively equipped with unit connection draw-in groove 101, can processing unit in each be connected in one in contact-oxidation pool 2 by web member, plant basket support 115 is fixed on a suspension device 114, this suspension device 114 is, in plant basket support 115 bottoms, the element that can suspend in water is set, by pressing plate 1141 and fastening piece 1142, make it lock ring in the periphery of the double oxygen case of circulation 104 upper ends, both can be used for supporting plant basket support 115, plant basket 116 and the foster plant 4 of water of planting in this plant basket 116 are suspended on contact-oxidation pool 2 waters surface, can make again the whole circulation oxygen case 104 of holding concurrently be suspended in contact-oxidation pool 2 water.
Particularly, described water is supported plant 4 and can be selected the emergent that rhizome is flourishing, have dephosphorization and denitrification effect.Plant Net Photosynthetic Rate and dissolved oxygen distribution, total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen removal frank marked positive correlation, and plant transpiration speed and ammonia nitrogen removal frank significant correlation.Suitably increase plant growing density and be conducive to improve the denitrification effect in sewage treatment process, but plant overstocked unfavorable on the contrary to improving dissolved oxygen levels and nitrogen removal rate.Significantly, employing is not gathered in plant and can be made terrestrial stem neither destroy roots of plants district microenvironment for plant-growth cycle and denitrogenation impact.The type of plant also has a great impact the effect of denitrogenation dephosphorizing.The research discovery, in the stereo ecological device matrix of plantation raupo and Rush, nitrogen, phosphorus are respectively than low by 18%~28% and 20%~31% in the contrast matrix of nothing plant, and visible raupo and Rush have absorbed nitrogen and the phosphorus of part in sewage.Decontamination effect improving by control experiment apparatus of the present invention to sewage nitrogen, found that it is 77.7%, 71.2% and 66.4% that Rhizome of Grass leaf Sweelflag, Rush and 3 of Herba Iridis japonicae have the total nitrogen average removal rate of botanical system, and be only 55.8% without the clearance of botanical system.To the decontamination effect improving of sewage phosphorus, found that 3 have the clearance of botanical system to be respectively 61%, 65% and 59%, and be only 28% without the clearance of botanical system.By having studied the ability of 8 kinds of aquatic plant purification sewage, found that: the good and bad order of effect that the waterplant in summer that temperature is high is removed nitrogen is: water hyacinth, water lettuce, frogbit, duckweed, Chinese scholartree leaf duckweed, duckweed, water sieve; At temperature, be followed successively by frogbit, Herba Eichhorniae, duckweed, water lettuce, duckweed, Chinese scholartree leaf duckweed, water sieve low winter.
The emergent of planting in apparatus of the present invention has and is adapted at the Structure and characteristics of surviving under aerobic or few oxygen condition, comprises the stem hypertrophy, and stem He Gen center has larger tissue, stem hollow, the dark root system of tool etc.This special construction of plant, be conducive to the transmission of oxygen in its body and can be delivered to the root district, not only met the respiration of plant in anaerobic environment, but also can promote the redox reaction in root district and the activity of aerobic microbiological, discharged uncontaminated air and remove peculiar smell.The oxygen produced under photosynthesis is delivered to the root district, form the microenvironment of oxidation in the medium of the reduction-state in Gen district, aerobic zone, root district provides microhabitat separately with aerobic, the double oxygen and the anaerobion that jointly exist for the root district of anoxic zones, makes different microorganisms can bring into play effect separately.Oxygen depends primarily on the concentration of inside plants oxygen, the oxygen requirement of matrix and the perviousness of plant endwall on every side in the release of plant root.Plant discharges oxygen by absorption at root is to be determined by itself structure, and the structure of plant has stoped its leakage radially, and makes great efforts to make the loss that is discharged into the oxygen in root district to reduce to minimum.The release rate of the oxygen generally inferior apex zone at root is the highest, and reduces with the increase of the distance tip of a root.Waterplant has convection ventilating tissue, Qi Gen district and root all have the concentration of higher inside oxygen, but flowing of the gas of this convection obviously increased the length of oxygen supply root, can also reduce some potential objectionable impuritiess of root by oxidation and detoxification simultaneously.Except root system can discharge oxygen, root system can also discharge other material.So more than 100 kind of emergents such as described emergent is preferably Arundo donax, Alocasia ordora, fragrant Alocasia ordora, common calla, Canna generalis Bailey, Monstera deliciosa, He Wanglan, schefflera, nasturtium, Rhizome of Common Aspidistra, the thorn that comes into leaves certain herbaceous plants with big flowers, climbing fig, jade hairpin, marsh nutgrass flatsedge, Rhizoma Acori Calamis, above-mentioned plant harvesting and arrangement are very easy to.
Understandably, the foster plant 4 of above-mentioned water can also be the foster flowers of water or vegetables.Apparatus of the present invention of being located at community can cultivate flowers in deodorizing district A, and the foul smell ,Gei community in the time of both can absorbing sewage disposal provides pure and fresh flower fragrance, and the Hai Kedui community is beautified simultaneously, is to kill two birds with one stone.Deodorizing district A cultivation vegetables, the apparatus of the present invention that are arranged at Sewage treatment systems can be become to the plantation base of vegetables, can reach multiple effect equally.
In described plant basket 116, be provided with and can be used for supporting the deodorizing filler 102 that water is supported the rhizome of plant 4 and adsorbable, degrading microorganism, absorption foul smell.Further, supporting described water, to support the deodorizing filler 102 of plant 4 rhizomes be gac, haydite or photocatalyst new composite carbon material.Certainly, can be also other fillers.Preferred light catalyst new composite carbon material of the present invention.Described photocatalyst new composite carbon material has three kinds of red-brown, white and black, is to be formed by compound firing such as charcoal, potter's clay, photocatalyst agent and high temperature cakingagents.Can be as required in production realistic existing size, microporosity and water-intake rate is how little is adjusted, the aperture of finished product is between the 0.06-6 micron, and weight can be adjusted between 0.6-2.7g/cm3, and specific surface area can reach about 1.2 * 104cm2/g.In building-up process, make its hole wall glassy phase and crystal interweave and grow into the triplen of high-strength mechanical performance, internal capillary is prosperity and distribution gradient very, has the ability of good adsorption and desorption.With traditional gac, compare, photocatalyst new composite carbon material has improved adsorption fouling particulate matter kind greatly, improved adsorption efficiency and saturated capacity, its adsorption efficiency be common gac 2-4 doubly, and overcome and use gac can produce the shortcoming of powder and black pollution.In environmental applications, because of the high-rate fitration material that it has strong adsorptive power and resistance to erosion, resistance to wears, the characteristic such as high temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant can replace gac and haydite to purify as empty G&W; Because of its have ultralight body weight suspension and resistance to erosion, resistance to wear, the characteristic such as high temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant can replace conventional filler.While being used as the high speed filtrate of industrial waste gas purifying, because the specific surface area of photocatalyst new composite carbon material reaches 1.2 * 104cm2/g left and right, and internal run-through micropore distribution gradient, material is ultralight, the physics and chemistry stable in properties, the acid-fast alkali-proof superior performance, and move and be adsorbed because intergranular Van der Waals force, Coulomb's force and surface tension make suspended substance or waste gas, adsorptive power is extremely strong, speed is exceedingly fast, by the photocatalyst technology of proprietary ultraviolet source, can realize the function that decompose on absorption limit, limit.
The foster plant 4 of water be arranged in the plant blue 116 on the blue support 115 of plant is suspended in contact-oxidation pool 2 water, the whole suspension growths of the ecological filler of its powerful rhizome System forming are in sewage, utilize the root system that waterplant is huge, the foul smell produced when in the 102 pairs of waste water of deodorizing filler that are arranged at support rhizome in plant blue 116 and deodorizing, microorganism and system are processed is adsorbed, degraded, on the other hand when foul smell upwards overflows, by waterplant, luxuriant branches and leaves form an adsorbable foul smell, prevent the sealing coat of foul smell to external diffusion, thereby the denitrogenation dephosphorizing deodorizing that realizes waste water is processed.
In apparatus of the present invention embodiment, also the deodorizing filler 102 that supports rhizome can be placed in to plant indigo plant 116 as carrier---be similar to the soil of plant, making water support plant 4 root systems 42 is fixed in sewage, in reaction process, foul smell contacts with the microorganism on the deodorizing filler 102 that supports rhizome simultaneously, further adsorb and decompose odor, and powerful rhizome system is purified waste water by it.
Please again referring to Fig. 4, in nitrated unit 1 embodiment of stereo ecological outer circulation of the present invention, whole contact-oxidation pool 2 and and the circulation interior biologic packing material 109 that all is suspended with of oxygen case 104 of holding concurrently, as the aerobe carrier, be suspended in water, filler growth inside anerobe, producing denitrification can denitrogenation; Outside growth aerobic bacteria, can remove organism, has the nitrification and denitrification process in whole treating processes simultaneously.Described circulation is recycled into 112 places, the mouth of a river outside holding concurrently in oxygen case 104 and has vertically disposed diaphragm 111, and these diaphragm 111 tops are fixed on the bottom of plant basket support 115, extend to the position of double oxygen negative area B2 2/3rds, and lower end bends inwards.The setting of diaphragm 111, can separate center sedimentation district B1 and double oxygen negative area B2, and can be the liquid entered from outer circulation water inlet 112 and play guide functions, is conducive to the decline in the oxygen negative area B2 that holds concurrently of fluidized active sludge and liquid.
Apparatus of the present invention embodiment mono-structure, in the contact-oxidation pool 2 in Sewage treatment systems, the nitrated unit 1 of a plurality of stereo ecological outer circulations is suspended in pond, contact-oxidation pool 2 in the raw waste water treatment system of take processing increases air lifts and rises stereo ecological outer circulation nitration treatment unit as main, and the plant purification organism is that auxiliary a kind of ecosystem is processed structure cheaply.In contact-oxidation pool 2, because the water displacement that suspension device 114 can carry reaches 900 kilograms, therefore the circulation that can be 600 kilograms by total amount is held concurrently, the foster plant 4 of oxygen case 104, plant basket 116, deodorizing filler 102 and water is suspended in contact-oxidation pool 2.Simultaneously, be arranged at aeration tube aeration in the aeration element 108 in aerobic fluidization regions C, active sludge in contact-oxidation pool 2 and liquid are driven and rise at aerobic fluidization regions C, flow through to while approaching water surface 50mm, because running into the flow direction that stops of suspension device 114 is changed in outer circulation water-in 112 flows into the double oxygen case 104 of circulation by rising, now, because liquid has entered the water surface that relatively there is no what resistance, liquid can be immediately to B2(decline district, double oxygen negative area) mobile.For further standard flows to, circulation is held concurrently oxygen case 104 inwalls to the vertically disposed diaphragm 111 in 20mm place, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently to the position of holding concurrently oxygen negative area B2 2/3rds, constraint active sludge and liquid and the flow direction B2(decline district, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently), because bubble is contained in rising area, density ratio decline district is low, produced the density difference of rising area and last transition, make liquid between 2nd district produce circulation, simultaneously bottom the aerobic fluidization regions C after aeration, due to the effect of entrainmenting that has aeration, active sludge 110 in the oxygen negative area B2 that holds concurrently is held concurrently to the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle 105 of oxygen case 104 lower ends and liquid by 106 discharges of outer circulation water outlet by circulation, enter aerobic fluidization regions C, active sludge after rising and liquid force to enter by the diversed dividing plate 111 of outer circulation water-in 112 the B2(decline district, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently again in aerobic fluidization regions C), therefore form outer circulation.Can flow out to next treatment process (Figure 10, Figure 11) by collection of units pipe outlet 221 by the supernatant liquor 103 that carries out solid-liquid separation in CD district B1.The present embodiment is adapted to the Sewage treatment systems transformation of not stopping.
Embodiment bis-:
Referring to Fig. 9, the present embodiment and embodiment mono-are basic identical, and difference is, the described circulation oxygen case 104 of holding concurrently is fixedly installed in contact-oxidation pool 2, and top is provided with rectangle plant basket 116, and described water is supported 4 kinds of plants and planted in this plant basket 116.With embodiment mono-, plant basket 116 is fixing by plant basket support 115, two ends are provided with plant basket handle 1161, and 115 4 angles of plant basket support are respectively equipped with unit connection draw-in groove 101, can processing unit in each 1 be connected in one in contact-oxidation pool 2 by web member, plant basket support 115 is connected and fixed with the double oxygen case 104 of circulation, and double 104, the oxygen case of circulation is fixed in contact-oxidation pool 2 by support foot rest 107.With embodiment mono-, the present embodiment is in the contact-oxidation pool 2 in Sewage treatment systems, the nitrated unit 1 of a plurality of stereo ecological outer circulations is fixed in pond, contact-oxidation pool 2 in the raw waste water treatment system of take processing increases air lifts and rises stereo ecological outer circulation nitration treatment unit as main, and the plant purification organism is that auxiliary a kind of ecosystem is processed structure cheaply.In contact-oxidation pool 2, aeration tube aeration in aeration element 108, form aerobic fluidization regions C, active sludge in contact-oxidation pool 2 and liquid drive and rise at aerobic sulfur district C, flow through to while approaching water surface 50mm, changed into and flowed into circulation through outer circulation water-in 112 and hold concurrently in oxygen case 104 by rising, now because liquid has entered the water surface that relatively there is no what resistance, liquid can be to B2(decline district, double oxygen negative area) mobile.For further standard flows to, double oxygen case 104 inwalls of circulation to the 20mm place, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently vertically arranges a diaphragm 111, make it to extend to the position of holding concurrently oxygen negative area B2 2/3rds, the lower end bending, constraint active sludge and the flow direction B2(decline district, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently), because bubble is contained in rising area, density ratio decline district is low, produced the density difference of rising area and last transition, make liquid between 2nd district produce circulation, simultaneously bottom the aerobic sulfur district C after aeration, due to the effect of entrainmenting that has aeration, by active sludge 110 in the oxygen negative area B2 that holds concurrently by circulation mud thrust-augmenting nozzle 105 discharges of oxygen case 104 lower ends of holding concurrently, active sludge and liquid are discharged by outer circulation water outlet 106, enter aerobic sulfur district C, active sludge after rising and liquid force to enter by the diversed dividing plate 111 of outer circulation water-in 112 the B2(decline district, oxygen negative area of holding concurrently again in aerobic sulfur district C), therefore form outer circulation, finally the supernatant liquor by the nitration reaction that repeatedly circulates can flow out to next treatment process (Figure 10 by collection of units pipe outlet 221 by the supernatant liquor 103 that carries out solid-liquid separation in CD district B1, Figure 11).The present embodiment is adapted to the newly-built or transformation of stopping of Sewage treatment systems.
Apparatus of the present invention are applicable to the urban sewage treatment system upgrading, adopt foundation and the design of kinetic model and parameter in practical engineering application:
In the nitrated unit 1 of stereo ecological outer circulation, the biochemical kinetic model of double oxygen negative area B and the foundation of parameter can be according to operation and the operating method of lab scale process, determine the parameters such as speed of reaction, reaction times and reactor effective volume in the biochemical kinetics of periodical operation and operate continuously, for practical engineering application from now on provides reference frame.
1. the general requirement of the present invention's application
(1) the inventive method should be for small-sized town sewage and Industrial Wastewater Treatment engineering, and its single cover sewage load should be less than 150m3/d, when processing the water yield and be greater than 150m3/d, should adopt the circulate mode of nitrated device cooperation of stereo ecologicals of overlapping more.
(2) water inlet of apparatus of the present invention should meet following condition:
1) water temperature is preferably that 10 ℃~37 ℃, pH are preferably 6.0~9.0, the BOD5/CODCr value should be greater than 0.3, nutrient combination is than (BOD5: nitrogen: phosphorus) be preferably 100:5:1, influent COD Cr concentration should be lower than 1000mg/L;
2) having while removing the ammonia nitrogen requirement, water inlet total alkalinity (in CaCO3)/ammonia nitrogen value is suitable >=and 7.14, should supplement basicity while not meeting;
While 3) removing the total nitrogen requirement, denitrification require the carbon source BOD5/ total nitrogen value of water inlet suitable >=4.0, total alkalinity (in CaCO3)/ammonia nitrogen value is suitable >=3.6, answers supplementary carbon source or basicity while not meeting;
While 4) the dephosphorization requirement being arranged, the ratio of the five-day BOD in sewage (BOD5)/total phosphorus should be greater than 17:1;
While 5) requiring dephosphorization simultaneously, denitrogenation, should meet 3 simultaneously) and 4) requirement.
(3), when the inventive method water outlet is directly discharged, should meet country or local emission standard requirement; While entering the next stage processing unit, should meet the water inlet requirement of next stage processing unit.
(4) according to the denitrogenation dephosphorizing requirement, should be in stereo ecological circulates nitration processes preposition anoxic pond.
(5), when influent quality does not meet (2) defined terms, should take suitable pre-treatment and pretreatment technology according to influent quality.
(6) soda acid medicament, carbon source medicament and dephosphorization medicament storage tankage should be by the dosage designs of the 4d~7d of theoretical chemical feeding quantity, and medicine system should not be less than 2, should adopt volume pump to add.
2., while applying apparatus of the present invention, municipal sewage treatment should adopt flow process shown in Fig. 9, flow process shown in the appropriate to the occasion employing Figure 10 of Industrial Wastewater Treatment.
3. pre-treatment and pre-treatment (seeing Fig. 9, Figure 10)
1) before water inlet system, grid should be set.Inlet pumping station and grid design should meet the relevant regulations of GB50014.
2) fluidized-bed process should arrange settling pit after grid, and the design of settling pit should meet the relevant regulations of GB50014.
3) during higher than 200mg/L, should before the nitrated device of circulation, preliminary sedimentation tank be set when water inlet suspended substance (SS), the design of preliminary sedimentation tank should meet the relevant regulations of GB50014.
4) when above, equalizing tank should be set when the daily variation maximum value of water quality or the water yield twice that is minimum value or twice.The design of equalizing tank should meet following requirement:
A) the equalizing tank capacity should be determined according to the wastewater flow change curve; While there is no flow changing curve, the residence time of equalizing tank is preferably 6h~12h;
B) in equalizing tank, whipping appts should be set, should adopt stirrer or aeration agitation mode;
C) the equalizing tank water side should arrange the device that scums, and at the bottom of pond, desanding and mud discharging device should be set.
5) pH regulator should meet the following requirements:
A) as water inlet pH<6.0 or pH > 9.0 the time, should supplement in time appropriate soda acid medicament;
B) medicament kind, dosage and add a little and should determine by test in place;
C) the soda acid medicament can adopt dilute hydrochloric acid, dilute sulphuric acid, lime or sodium carbonate etc.;
D) e-quipment and pipe of contact acid caustic corrosion material should be taked anticorrosive measure.
6) carbon source is regulated and should be met the following requirements:
A) when water-inlet carbon source BOD5/ total nitrogen value<4.0, should supplement in time proper amount of carbon source;
B) medicament kind, dosage and add a little and should determine by test in place;
C) the carbon source medicament can adopt the high concentrated organic wastewater of the discharges such as methyl alcohol, acetic acid or food brewery;
When d) storage and use methyl alcohol are as carbon source, should do corresponding gas defence protection;
E) e-quipment and pipe of contact acetic acid corrosives should be taked anticorrosive measure;
F) the carbon source dosage should be calculated as follows:
BOD 5=2.86×(N 1-N 0)×Q…………………………(1)
In formula:
BOD5---BOD5 amount corresponding to carbon source added, mg/L;
N1---in ammonia nitrogen situation up to standard, during supplementary carbon source, do not process the total nitrogen concentration of water outlet, mg/L;
The water outlet total nitrogen concentration of N0---standard-required, mg/L;
Q---sewage design discharge, m3/d.
4. the design variable of apparatus of the present invention
(1) the aerobic reactor zone volume is determined
While 1) according to the volumetric loading of the nitrated device of circulation, determining the aerobic reactor zone volume, should be calculated as follows:
V 1=Q(S o-S e)/N v…………………………(2)
In formula:
V1---the nitrated device aerobic reactor zone volume that circulates, m3;
Q---sewage design discharge, m3/d;
So---the nitrated device water inlet chemical oxygen demand (COD) that circulates, mg/L;
Se---the nitrated device water outlet chemical oxygen demand (COD) that circulates, mg/L;
Nv---volumetric loading, kgCOD/(m3d).
2) volumetric loading (Nv) should be according to test or the design parameter determination of similar sewage, as without other data the time, and can be with reference to following rule of thumb data:
A) as waste water BOD5/CODCr > 0.4 the time, the desirable 3kgCOD/(m3d of Nv)~5kgCOD/(m3d);
B) in waste water during 0.3<BOD5/CODCr<0.4, the desirable 1kgCOD/(m3d of Nv)~3kgCOD/(m3d);
C), in waste water during BOD5/CODCr<0.3, the value that should improve BOD5/CODCr by pre-treatment and pre-treatment make it be greater than 0.3.
While 3) according to hydraulic detention time θ, determining the aerobic reactor zone volume, should be calculated as follows:
V 1=Q·θ……………………………………………(3)
In formula:
V1---the nitrated device aerobic reactor zone volume that circulates, m3;
Q---sewage design discharge, m3/d;
θ---hydraulic detention time, h.
4), for sanitary sewage, the desirable 4h~6h of θ in formula (3), for the desirable 5h~8h of trade effluent or look its biodegradability and determine.After obtaining V1, should check by formula (2).
(2) double oxygen negative area volume is determined
1) volumetric ratio of aerobic reactor zone and double oxygen negative area is designed to 1-2.5:0.4-1.
2) hypoxia response district volume should be calculated as follows:
V 2 = V 1 D 2 2 D 1 2 - D 2 2 - - - ( 4 )
In formula:
V2---hypoxia response district volume, m3; V1---the nitrated device aerobic reactor zone volume that circulates, m3;
D1---the nitrated device area that circulates, m2; D2---hypoxia response district area, m2.
(3) stereo ecological the determining of oxygen-supplying amount of nitrated device that circulate
1) circulate nitrated device of stereo ecological adopts the blast aeration oxygen supply, and aerator should be located at over against the nitrated bottom of device of the circulation in up-flow district, should adopt uniform middle micro porous aeration head or perforated pipe aerating regulation.The sewage oxygen requirement should be calculated as follows:
O 2=0.001aQ(S o-S e)-cΔX vss+b[0.001Q(N k-N ke)-0.12ΔX vss]-0.6[0.001Q(N t-N te-N oe)-0.12ΔX vss]……………(s)
In formula:
O2---sewage oxygen requirement, kgO2/d; Q---sewage design discharge, m3/d;
So---water inlet five-day BOD, mg/L; Se---water outlet five-day BOD, mg/L;
Δ Xvss---discharge the microbial biomass of system, kg/d; Nk---water inlet total Kjeldahl nitrogen concentration, mg/L;
Nke---water outlet total Kjeldahl nitrogen concentration, mg/L; Nt---water inlet total nitrogen concentration, mg/L;
Nte---water outlet total nitrogen concentration, mg/L; Noe---water outlet nitrate, mg/L;
The oxygen equivalent of a---carbon, with the five-day BOD timing, get 1.47 when carbonaceous material;
B---oxidation per kilogram ammonia nitrogen requisite oxygen amount (kgO2/kgN), get 4.57;
The oxygen equivalent of c---bacterial cell, get 1.42.
While 2) removing carbon based pollutants, the nitrated device sewage oxygen requirement that circulates should be got 0.7kgO2/kgBOD5~1.2kgO2/kgBOD5.
When 3) stereo ecological circulation nitration processes is selected blast aerator and equipment, should be according to different blast apparatuses, aerating apparatus, be arranged in the undersurface degree of depth, water temperature, in factors such as dirty water oxygen overall transfer characteristic, local sea level elevation and expection biological fluidized bed dissolved oxygen concentrations, the sewage oxygen requirement of calculating is scaled to sewage oxygen requirement under standard state.
4) the lower sewage oxygen requirement of standard state (0.1MPa, 20 ℃) should be calculated as follows:
Os=Ko·0 2……………………(6)
K o = C s ( 20 ) &alpha; ( &beta; &CenterDot; &rho; &CenterDot; C sb ( T ) - C o ) &times; 1.024 ( T - 20 ) &times; F - - - ( 7 )
C sb ( T ) = C s ( T ) ( P b 2.026 &times; 10 5 + O t 42 ) - - - ( 8 )
P b=p+9.8×10 3h…………………………(9)
&rho; = P 1 1.013 &times; 10 5 - - - ( 10 )
O t = 21 ( 1 - E A ) 79 + 21 ( 1 - E A ) &times; 100 % - - - ( 11 )
In formula:
OS---sewage oxygen requirement under standard state, kgO2/d;
Ko---oxygen requirement correction factor;
O2---sewage oxygen requirement, kgO2/d;
CS (20)---saturated dissolved oxygen concentration in clear water under standard conditions, get 9.2mg/L;
CSb (T)---under T ℃, atmospheric pressure, the mean value of mixed solution saturated dissolved oxygen concentration in the nitrated device that circulates, mg/L;
CS (T)---under T ℃, atmospheric pressure, clear water surface saturated dissolved oxygen concentration value, mg/L;
Co---mixed solution residue dissolved oxygen, generally get 2mg/L;
α---the ratio of total oxygen transfer coefficient in total oxygen transfer coefficient and clear water in mixed solution, generally get 0.8~0.85;
The ratio of the saturation values of dissolved oxygen in the saturation values of dissolved oxygen of β---mixed solution and clear water, generally get 0.9~0.97;
F---aeration diffusion facilities damage factor, generally get 0.65~0.9;
ρ---pressure correcting coefficient;
P1---location true pressure, Pa;
T---design water temperature, ℃;
Pb---the absolute pressure in air-diffuser exit, Pa;
The fitting depth of H---air-diffuser, m;
P---barometric point, P=1.013 * 105Pa;
The coefficient of oxygen utilization of EA---air-diffuser, generally provided by manufacturer;
Ot---the volume percent of oxygen in apparatus of the present invention water surface evolving gas after aeration.
5) under standard state, the blast aeration air demand is calculated as follows:
E A = O s S &times; 100 % - - - ( 12 )
S=G s0.21×1.331=0.28G s………(13)
G s = O s 0.28 E A - - - ( 14 )
In formula:
The coefficient of oxygen utilization of EA---air-diffuser, generally provided by manufacturer;
Os---sewage oxygen requirement under standard state, kgO2/d;
S---oxygen-supplying amount, kgO2/h;
0.21---oxygen is percentage in air;
1.331---in the time of 20 ℃, the density of oxygen, kg/m3;
Air demand under Gs---standard state, m3/h.
6) apparatus of the present invention should arrange a set of standby blast aeration equipment.
7) should select low noise gas blower, the air blast machine room should be taked the sound insulation and noise reduction measure, and meets the regulation of GB12523.
8) single-stage high-speed aeration centrifugal blower should meet the regulation of HJ/T278; Root's blower should meet the regulation of HJ/T251; Micro-hole aerator should meet the regulation of HJ/T252.
5. the speed of reaction in apparatus of the present invention biochemical kinetics of intermittent water inflow
Active sludge in apparatus of the present invention of lab scale in double oxygen negative area is batch culture.The bacterium of batch culture can not continuously breed.When bacterial equilibrium is grown, its chemical constitution is constant.This has simplified the mensuration work of bacterial cultures proliferation rate, because measure the proliferation rate that the rate of increase of any composition in bacterial cultures just is enough to represent bacterium.
Therefore, the proliferation rate of the bacterial cultures of balanced growth can mean with following formula:
dx dt = &mu;x - - - ( 15 )
In formula, μ---proliferation rate constant, or claim than proliferation rate h -1;
X---bacterial concentration, mg/L.
T---the reaction times, h.
Adopt the solids concn MLSS of mixed solution to replace the bacterial concentration x alive in above formula, and mean with capitalization X, unit is mg/L.That is:
dx dt = &mu;x - - - ( 16 )
In addition, the proliferation rate formula of bacterium meets the Monod equation:
&mu; = &mu; max C K s + C - - - ( 17 )
In formula, μ max---maximum proliferation rate constant, or claim high specific proliferation rate, h -1;
K s---saturation constant, the time the concentration C value;
C---organic concentration, mg/L.
From formula (17), can draw, when nutrient concentrations is very low, the μ value reduces, thereby the growth velocity of bacterium descends thereupon.With the increase of nutrient concentrations, the μ value increases, and growth velocity also just rises, and obtains larger biomass.But the growth velocity of bacterium also slows down.Little test result shows, in temperature, is about 30.During C, the minimum total organic matter concentration of oxygen negative area of holding concurrently in apparatus of the present invention, nutrient concentrations, be the 150mg/L left and right.In the exponential growth stage, there is following proportional relationship between the multiplication rate dX/dt of bacterium and the nutraceutical minimizing speed dC/dt of restriction:
dX dt = - Y dC dt - - - ( 18 )
In formula, Y is performance factor (yield factor), and its connotation is shown out in following formula:
As seen from the above equation, Y represents the bacterium quality that every gram nutrition produces.
By formula (17) substitution formula (18), can obtain:
r C = - dC dt = 1 Y dX dt = 1 Y &mu; max C K s + C X - - - ( 19 )
In formula, r cspeed of reaction in one biochemical kinetics, mg/(L.h).
When substrate concn is very little:
r C = 1 Y &mu; max K s CX - - - ( 20 )
If constant (unit is L/(mg.h)), can obtain the biochemical reaction rate r in double oxygen negative area in the apparatus of the present invention under the low concentration sewage condition cexpression formula:
r C = - dC dt = kCX - - - ( 21 )
(2) reaction times determines
When apparatus of the present invention are done to material balance, should grasp two principal character: the one, carry out in process the input and output without material in reaction; The 2nd, due to the effect of airflow stirring, in the CD district, material fully mixes, the concentration homogeneous, and also the concentration of reaction system only changes with the reaction times.Therefore can do material balance to whole device.
To biochemical reaction, the optional substrate of the component of accounting and product, also can account by bacterium.As response matrix and product are done to material balance, its fundamental relation formula is:
[component enters the amount of this volume element]=[component flows out the amount of this volume element]+[amount that in volume element, component transforms]+[component semi-invariant in volume element]
According to above formula, to the stereo ecological of the periodical operation nitrated device that circulates, its material balance formula should be:
The cumulative speed of reactive component conversion rate=reactive component
?
C R r C = - dN C dt - - - ( 22 )
Can be obtained fom the above equation:
r C = - 1 V R dN C dt - - - ( 23 )
In formula, V r---reactor effective volume, L;
N c---the amount of matrix, mg.
To liquid phase reaction:
r C = - dC dt - - - ( 24 )
If make t=O, C=Co; T=t, C=Ct, by formula (24) variables separation integration, obtains:
t = - &Integral; C 0 C t dC r C - - - ( 25 )
By formula (21) substitution formula (25), can obtain the circulate expression formula of reaction times t of nitrated device of stereo ecological under the low concentration sewage condition:
t = - &Integral; C 0 C t dC r C = - 1 kX ln C t 0
By the reaction times T=24 of the mounted cast of lab scale, can try to achieve respectively the k value of reactor for treatment sanitary sewage under differing temps: when temperature is 11 ℃, K=5.3 * 10 -5l/mg.h, when temperature is 30 ℃, K=1.3 * 10 -4l/mg.h.
Above-mentioned data show: under the low condition of water inlet substrate concn, temperature has considerable influence to the kinetic rate of the double oxygen biology in lab scale reaction unit model.Temperature is higher, and biochemical reaction rate is faster.
(3) apparatus of the present invention effective volume
To apparatus of the present invention of periodical operation, reactant will reach certain level of response, or bacterium will reach the needed reaction times of finite concentration, only relevant with the speed of process, and irrelevant with the device size.To apparatus of the present invention of periodical operation, its effective volume size is to be determined by the treatment capacity of reaction mass.If the time in an operational cycle of periodical operation apparatus of the present invention is T, have:
T=t+t b…………………………………………(27)
In formula, t---reaction times, h;
T b---overhead time, h.
Production task according to the rules, requiring the volume of material that this device should be processed within the unit time is Vo, and unit is L/h, and the effective volume of this device is:
V R=V0(t+t b)…………………………………………(28)
In formula, VR---device effective volume, L.
Therefore, should consider t overhead time bsize, and then more reasonably determine the effective volume of device.
6. apparatus of the present invention speed of reaction of operate continuously
(1) hydraulic detention time of device
Matrix (organism) is done and accounted, have: input+circulation=consumption+output
That is:
gC 0+RgC t=V Er C+Q(1+R)C t…………………………………………(29)
In formula, the flow of Q---reaction solution, m;
R---reflux ratio, i.e. Matter Transfer ratio or volume ratio;
Co---the concentration of water inlet mesostroma, mg/L;
The concentration of Ct---phegma and water outlet mesostroma, mg/L;
V r---the effective volume of device, L:
Rc---the speed of reaction in biochemical kinetics, mg/(L.h).
Can be obtained fom the above equation:
r C = Q ( C 0 - C t ) V R - - - ( 30 )
If make hydraulic detention time (HRT) be t in formula only represents the hydraulic detention time of material in device, and does not represent the true residence time of a certain micro unit, and unit is h, by formula (21) substitution formula (30), can obtain the expression formula of the hydraulic detention time T of auto levelizer:
&tau; = Q ( C 0 - C t ) kcX &CenterDot; Q = C 0 - C t kcX - - - ( 31 )
(2) device effective volume
Can obtain apparatus of the present invention effective volume V by formula (30) and formula (21) rfor:
V R = Q ( C 0 - C t ) kCX - - - ( 32 )
In formula, V r---device effective volume, L.
(3) reflux ratio
If reflux ratio is R, the returned sluge flow is RQ.Under steady state conditions, the device bacterium is accounted:
Input+internal circulating load+increment=work output
That is:
QX 0+RQX t=g(1+R)X t…………………………………………(33)
In formula, Q---reaction solution flow, L;
X 0---bacterial concentration in water inlet, mg/L;
Xr---bacterial concentration in phegma, mg/L;
R---rate of bacterial growth, mg/(L.h);
X 1---bacterial concentration in the device water outlet, mg/L.
R = X 1 X r - X 1 - - - ( 34 )
Visible, in device, bacterial concentration (sludge concentration) is closely related with the value of reflux ratio, useful volume and mud enrichment factor.Therefore it is most important to choose suitable reflux ratio in design process.
7. apparatus of the present invention are applied in the simultaneous denitrification dephosphorization experiment
Circulation nitration reaction district B is to be 4-6h in the reaction times in operating parameter, MLSS is controlled in the scope of 2500-7000mg/L, aerobic fluidization regions C(rising area) DO is in 2-5mg/L, hold concurrently oxygen negative area (decline district) DO in 0.3-1.0mg/L, the pH value is 7-7.8, and reflux ratio is 2.5-5.Substantially realized removing organic pollutant, ammonia nitrogen and phosphorus.
Its characteristic is: circulation nitration reaction district B is intake and is moved continuously under with the HRT=6h operational conditions, (1) when influent COD is the 300mg/L left and right, the COD of water outlet can be reduced to 13mg/L, the clearance of COD can reach 95% left and right, (2) when the ammonia nitrogen of water inlet is 118.7mg/L, the ammonia nitrogen concentration of water outlet is 5-15mg/L, and the clearance of ammonia nitrogen reaches more than 93%; (3) when the phosphate concn of water inlet be about 10.5mg/L constantly, the phosphate concn of water outlet is also at 2.7mg/L left and right, removal rate of phosphate average out to 73.8%.Adopt respectively SEM and opticmicroscope to carry out the biophase observation to biological particles in system and suspension microorganism, microbial components in the discovery system is complicated and grow fine, and multiple-microorganism coexists mutually.Anaerobic zone exists a large amount of suis, tyrothricin and a small amount of thread fungus, and there is a large amount of stock bacterium in the CD district, and thread fungus and a small amount of coccus also have the protozoon metazoans such as many ciliates, nematode to exist in suspended sludge.
Apparatus of the present invention are to SS, BOD 5, CODcr, ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen and phosphorus removal:
(1) removal of SS
In sewage effluents, concentration of suspension not only relates to water outlet SS index, the BOD in water outlet 5, the indexs such as CODCr, TP are also relevant with it.Because form the main component of water suspension, be the active sludge flco, the organic component of itself is just high, and organism itself is phosphorous, so higher goes out the BOD that water suspension content can make water outlet 5, CODCr and TP increase.So it is the most basic controlling the SS index of sewage effluents, is also very crucial.Under the condition of select appropriately in processing scheme, the processing parameter value is reasonable and optimization monomer structures design, can make water outlet SS index meet the requirement of national standard fully.The rhizome system that apparatus of the present invention are powerful with plant and ecological filler complete the deodorizing dephosphorization denitrogenation of waste water and process, and quiescent setting is compared the mode of continuous precipitation, can guarantee the SS of lower concentration water outlet.
(2) BOD 5removal
In sewage, the removal of BOD5 is adsorption and the metabolism by microorganism, to the BOD5 degraded, utilizes BOD5 to synthesize new cell, then mud is separated with water, thereby completes the removal of BOD5.Microorganism in active sludge, under the condition of aerobic, for the synthesis of new cell, carries out katabolism by another part organism in order to obtain the synthetic required energy of cell by a part of organism in sewage, and its final product is CO 2and H 2the stable materials such as O.In anabolism and catabolic process, dissolved organic matter (as low molecular organic acids etc.) directly enters cell interior and is utilized, but not at first dissolved organic matter is attracted to the microorganism surface, enters cell interior after then being hydrolyzed by extracellular enzyme and is utilized.As can be seen here, the aerobic metabolism of microorganism all works to the dissolved organic matter in sewage and non-solubility organism, and meta-bolites is harmless stable material, and therefore, the remaining BOD5 concentration that can make to process in rear sewage is very low.
In apparatus of the present invention, by active bio flora digestion organic pollution materials, improved natural purifying ability, to reach the purpose purified water.Except the bacterium of finding in the traditional active sludge system, also inoculation has other 2000-3000 kind of plant, animal and microorganism.The organism of inoculating has the ability that the oneself synthesizes and absorb sun power, and this ability has guaranteed that pollutent obtains biological degradation to greatest extent.
(3) removal of CODcr
Principle and BOD that in sewage, CODcr removes 5basic identical.
The clearance of Sewage Plant CODcr, depend on the biodegradability into water, and the composition of its sewage is relevant.For sanitary sewage, its BOD 5/ CODcr>=0.5, the good biodegradability of sewage, water outlet CODcr value can be controlled at lower level, can meet the demands.
The sewage that the present invention processes mainly be take sanitary sewage as main, its BOD 5/ CODcr value is 0.5, and sewage has biodegradability preferably, adopts second-stage treatment technique to meet the demands.
(4) removal of ammonia nitrogen
Sewage is removed the ammonia nitrogen method and is mainly contained physico-chemical processes and the large class of biological process two, and in the sanitary sewage disposal industry, biological process removal ammonia nitrogen is main flow, is also economical in sanitary sewage disposal and method commonly used.
Nitrogen is the indispensable integral part of protein, therefore extensively is present among sanitary sewage.In raw waste water, nitrogen exists with the form of NH4+-N and organonitrogen, and the nitrogen of these two kinds of forms is combined and is referred to as kjeldahl nitrogen, with TKN, means.And the NOx-N(in raw waste water comprises nitrite and nitrate) content seldom, almost nil.These multi-form nitrogen are referred to as total nitrogen (TN).
Nitrogen is also one of element formed microorganism, and a part enters nitrogen in cell paste will be with excess sludge-rise and remove from water.This part nitrogen amount is about removed BOD 55%, be 12% of microorganism wt, account for 4% of Sewage treatment systems residual active sludge amount.
When organism is oxidized, the organonitrogen in sewage also is oxidized to ammonia nitrogen, in the situation that dissolved oxygen is sufficient, load is lower, mud is longer age, further is oxidized to nitrite and nitrate, usually is referred to as nitrifying process.Its reaction equation is as follows:
NH 4 ++1.5O 2NO 2 -+2H ++H 2O
N?O 2 -+0.5O 2N0 3 -
The first step reaction completes by Nitrosomas, and the second step reaction completes by nitrifier, and total reaction is:
NH 4 ++2O 2NO 3 -+2H ++H 2O
Therefore, adopt the plant of flourishing rhizome to absorb ammonia nitrogen, clearance is high.
(5) removal of total nitrogen
Ammonia nitrogen in waste water is oxidized to nitrate through nitrification, although the concentration of ammonia nitrogen reduces, the total nitrogen in waste water is not reduced, and for reducing total nitrogen, just must remove the nitrate nitrogen in waste water.The most ripe technique is denitrification at present,, under anoxia condition, under the effect of facultative denitrifier (denitrifying bacteria), nitrate nitrogen is reduced into to nitrogen and overflows, thereby reduce the total nitrogen in waste water.The methyl alcohol of take is example as carbon source, and its reaction equation is as follows:
6NO 3-+2CH 3OH6NO 2-+2CO 2+4H 2O
6NO 3-+3CH 3OH3N 2+3CO 2+3H 2O+6OH-
Apparatus of the present invention are supported plant 4 by many group water is set in contact-oxidation pool 2, absorb ammonia nitrogen with the flourishing rhizome of plant, thereby improve the clearance of total nitrogen.
(6) removal of phosphorus
Biological phosphate-eliminating be polyP bacteria in sewage under anaerobic, be subject to constraining and discharge phosphoric acid salt body in, generate energy is in order to absorb the fast degradation organism, and is converted into PHB(and gathers the β hydroxybutyric acid) store.When these polyP bacterias enter the PHB generate energy that aerobic condition lower time just degrades in body and store, for the synthetic of cell with inhale phosphorus, form the phosphorus containing sludge of high density, discharge system with excess sludge, thereby reach the purpose of dephosphorization.
The rhizome that apparatus of the present invention utilize water to support plant 4 prosperities absorbs phosphorus, in operational process, without power consumption, avoids the use of chemical substance fully, and maintenance cost is only that expense is added in the maintenance costs of plant and the replacing of broken filler.
If, to being sealed deodorizing between sludge dewatering, can increase investment, and management is also inconvenient.Do not establish preliminary sedimentation tank because of apparatus of the present invention, there is no raw sludge, mud residence time in sludge sump is short, and carries out aerobic sigestion, and sealing treatment, and the stink distributed can weaken to some extent.Arrange separately between sludge dewatering and between fortune mud, note at ordinary times strengthening management, the mud of generation press dry outward transport in time, and the impact of stink can be controlled in the scope of bearing.If can adopt enclosed centrifugal drier, more can weaken distributing of stink.
In apparatus of the present invention, obvious by the plant action deodorising effect, and can improve landscape effect.Sewage stink after processing by deodorizing district A reduces greatly.
Adopt apparatus of the present invention transformation or newly-built Sewage treatment systems external form view beautiful.Outside also can have greenhouse, and greenhouse adopts light steel skeleton structural glass chamber; In system, be ecoscape, the nitrated device deodorizing of built-in stereo ecological outer circulation; Greenhouse can guarantee that plant and other organism keep vigorous vigor under preferred ambient temperature, and this ecological sewage treatment facility, can build remote districts in, can be applicable to strict high-grade community, and each community's environmental protection is had to positive effect.
8. the comparison of application apparatus of the present invention and traditional technology in the Sewage treatment systems upgrading
Referring to Figure 12, the present invention and MBR technique, contact oxidation technology are relatively, be no matter that effluent quality, stable effluent quality, Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal, deodorizing subtract carbon effect, excess sludge index or other indexs of correlation, working cost, all be better than other two kinds of techniques.As can be seen here, adopt the wastewater effluent water quality after apparatus of the present invention are processed good, can stablize the country-level A standard that reaches, meet middle water reuse requirements such as afforesting, flush the toilet, also can be used as the ecoscape make up water.Simultaneously, particularly have extremely excellent denitrification effect, the water outlet ammonia nitrogen can reach surface water II generic request, has overcome the low defect of other technique denitrification effects.It has good ecological purification environment, and the resistance to overload shock ability is strong, stable effluent quality, and excess sludge is few.And not only effluent quality is good, and the external form view is beautiful, and operating automation degree is high, substantially can realize unmanned.
Apparatus of the present invention adopt integrated technology, and the facility characteristics of compact layout, can select suitable element number to carry out layout footprint as required, and due to integrated setting, construction investment and operational and administrative expenses are lower.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. less energy-consumption, the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional, for the Sewage treatment systems upgrading, it is characterized in that, the roof solar power generation assembly is set above the sewage disposal contact-oxidation pool, periphery arranges aerogenerator, to generate electricity to whole operation of sewage disposal system, in described contact-oxidation pool, at least one stereo ecological outer circulation nitration treatment unit is set, and be divided into ecological deodorizing district and circulation nitration reaction district from top to bottom in each nitrated unit of described stereo ecological outer circulation, described circulation nitration reaction district from outer to inner is divided into hold concurrently oxygen negative area and CD district, in described contact-oxidation pool, aeration element is set simultaneously, make zone in addition, described circulation nitration reaction district form aerobic fluidization regions, and the flow when introducing controller and controlling the sewage disposal in pond, the content of dissolved oxygen, temperature in pond and sludge concentration, aeration effect by aeration element in described aerobic fluidization regions, sewage in described contact-oxidation pool is introduced to described double oxygen negative area by the outer circulation water inlet, make aerobic fluidization regions fluid density lower than described double oxygen negative area, to form the density difference in both intervals, thereby make the liquid between the Liang Ge district produce mobile, the liquid undertaken after the processing of sewerage ecological nitrifying process by described double oxygen negative area flows out and reenters in described aerobic fluidization regions by the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle, start next circulation, through the supernatant liquor of the nitration reaction that repeatedly circulates, finally by being arranged at hold concurrently upper end, CD district on the oxygen case and the header of the low 50-500mm of the described outer circulation water inlet of its water table ratio of described circulation, flow out.
2. less energy-consumption according to claim 1, the ecological outer circulation nitrifying method of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, the volumetric ratio in described aerobic fluidization regions and circulation nitration reaction district is 1-2.5:0.4-1, and its operating parameter is: the aerobic fluidization regions reaction times is 4-6h; Mixed liquor suspended solid, MLSS concentration is controlled at 2500-7000mg/L; Aerobic fluidization regions dissolved oxygen is 2-5mg/L, and circulation nitration reaction district dissolved oxygen is 0.3-1.0mg/L, and the pH value in contact-oxidation pool is 7-7.8.
3. adopt less energy-consumption, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional of claim 1 or the design of 2 methods, it is characterized in that, comprise contact-oxidation pool, described contact-oxidation pool top is provided with the roof solar power generation assembly, periphery arranges aerogenerator, by master controller, controls; Be provided with the nitrated unit of at least one stereo ecological outer circulation in described contact-oxidation pool, each nitrated unit of described processing unit stereo ecological outer circulation is divided into ecological deodorizing district and circulation nitration reaction district from top to bottom, described deodorizing district is positioned at top, described circulation nitration reaction district, and in it, plantation has water to support plant; Described circulation nitration reaction district is arranged at a circulation and holds concurrently in the oxygen case, described circulation nitration reaction district from outer to inner is divided into hold concurrently oxygen negative area and CD district, described CD district is located at the zone at described circulation Jian Yangxiang center, and described double oxygen negative area arranges around described CD district; Described contact-oxidation pool is provided with aeration element, forms aerobic fluidization regions; In the described circulation oxygen upper box part of holding concurrently, offer the outer circulation water-in that can be communicated with described contact-oxidation pool, the described circulation oxygen lower box part of holding concurrently is provided with the mud thrust-augmenting nozzle, and upper end, described CD district is provided with the header water outlet, and the water table ratio outer circulation water inlet of described header hangs down 50-500mm; Described master controller also is electrically connected with flow director, dissolved oxygen controller, temperature regulator and and sludge concentration controller.
4. less energy-consumption according to claim 3, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, described deodorizing district arranges the plant basket, described water is supported plant growing in described plant basket, the described circulation oxygen case of holding concurrently is fixed in described contact-oxidation pool, be positioned at described plant basket bottom and be connected and fixed with this plant basket, described water is supported plant root and is extended the described circulation oxygen case inside of holding concurrently.
5. less energy-consumption according to claim 3, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, described deodorizing district arranges the plant basket, described water is supported plant growing in described plant basket, the described circulation oxygen case of holding concurrently suspends and to be arranged in described contact-oxidation pool, be positioned at described plant basket bottom with and with this plant basket, be connected and fixed, described water is supported plant root and is extended the described circulation oxygen case inside of holding concurrently.
6. less energy-consumption according to claim 5, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, one suspension device is set, connect the hold concurrently periphery of oxygen case upper end of described plant basket bottom and described circulation, make described plant basket and the described circulation oxygen case of holding concurrently suspend and be arranged in described contact-oxidation pool.
7. according to the described less energy-consumption of claim 4-6 any one, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, described circulation outside holding concurrently in the oxygen case, be recycled into place, the mouth of a river have vertical setting, can described double oxygen negative area and the differentiation of described CD every diaphragm, described plant basket bottom is fixed in this diaphragm upper end, and lower end extends to the level attitude of described double oxygen negative area.
8. according to the described less energy-consumption of claim 4-6 any one, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, described plant basket upper end arranges and can make interconnective unit, each nitrated unit of stereo ecological outer circulation connect draw-in groove.
9. according to the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of the described less energy-consumption of claim 4-6 any one, smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, in described contact-oxidation pool and the described circulation oxygen case inner suspension of holding concurrently biologic packing material is arranged.
10. according to the described less energy-consumption of claim 4-6 any one, the nitrated device of the ecological outer circulation of smart three-dimensional, it is characterized in that, be provided with the deodorizing filler of supporting the rhizome of plant and adsorbable, degrading microorganism, absorption foul smell for supporting water in described plant basket.
CN201310219084.3A 2013-06-04 2013-06-04 Intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus Active CN103435156B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310219084.3A CN103435156B (en) 2013-06-04 2013-06-04 Intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310219084.3A CN103435156B (en) 2013-06-04 2013-06-04 Intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103435156A true CN103435156A (en) 2013-12-11
CN103435156B CN103435156B (en) 2015-04-01

Family

ID=49688908

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310219084.3A Active CN103435156B (en) 2013-06-04 2013-06-04 Intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103435156B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104098175A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-15 华侨大学 Activated sludge-bio-filter bed-landscape ecology sewage treatment method and system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201268652Y (en) * 2008-07-24 2009-07-08 复旦大学 Integral sewage treating device
CN101538106A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-23 浙江工商大学 Energy-free sewage treatment plant
CN201313854Y (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-09-23 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所 Hypoxia/aerobic integrated air lift circulation biological reactor
US20120138527A1 (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-06-07 Nanjing University Integrated bioreactor and method of using the same for treatment of highly-concentrated organic wastewater
CN102863081A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 李鸿惠 Three-dimensional ecological deodorization dephosphorization denitrification method as well as device and application
CN203373200U (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-01-01 深圳市地大东江环境研究院 Intelligent low-energy-consumption type three-dimensional ecological outer circulation nitrification device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201268652Y (en) * 2008-07-24 2009-07-08 复旦大学 Integral sewage treating device
CN201313854Y (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-09-23 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所 Hypoxia/aerobic integrated air lift circulation biological reactor
CN101538106A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-23 浙江工商大学 Energy-free sewage treatment plant
US20120138527A1 (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-06-07 Nanjing University Integrated bioreactor and method of using the same for treatment of highly-concentrated organic wastewater
CN102863081A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 李鸿惠 Three-dimensional ecological deodorization dephosphorization denitrification method as well as device and application
CN203373200U (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-01-01 深圳市地大东江环境研究院 Intelligent low-energy-consumption type three-dimensional ecological outer circulation nitrification device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104098175A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-15 华侨大学 Activated sludge-bio-filter bed-landscape ecology sewage treatment method and system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103435156B (en) 2015-04-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102863081B (en) Three-dimensional ecological deodorization dephosphorization denitrification method as well as device and application
CN101759323B (en) Treatment combined process for pig farm waste water with high nitrogen content
Wilsenach et al. Impact of separate urine collection on wastewater treatment systems
CN101817615A (en) Anaerobic-sequencing batch biofilm reactor-artificial wetland method for treating piggery wastewater
CN105540846B (en) The application method of low carbon source urban sewage improvement UCT autotrophic denitrification dephosphorization apparatus
CN103896442A (en) Pig farm wastewater treatment method
CN201864644U (en) Integrated denitrification and dephosphorization sewage treatment pond
CN102503033A (en) Technique for treating pig raising liquid waste by circular anaerobic reactor, sequencing batch biofilm, constructed wetland and facultative lagoon
CN103626302B (en) The sewage water treatment method that a kind of denitrogenation dephosphorizing bacterial classification On-line testing is cultivated and tamed
CN205115138U (en) Little aeration systems of constructed wetland solar energy intermittent type
CN103183447A (en) Treatment method of piggery wastewater
CN104591473A (en) Advanced nitrogen and phosphorus removal technology
CN203999114U (en) A kind of active sludge-bacteria bed-landscape ecological Sewage treatment systems
CN103435155B (en) Low-energy and intelligent three-dimensional ecological self-refluxing circulation nitrification method and apparatus
CN102718360A (en) Integrated livestock breeding waste water treatment method
CN109264864A (en) A kind of &#34; main-auxiliary &#34; activated sludge process coupling deodorization and intensified denitrification and dephosphorization
CN203373198U (en) Intelligent low-energy-consumption type three-dimensional ecological inner circulation nitrification device
CN203373199U (en) Intelligent three-dimensional ecological self-backflow circulating nitrating device with low energy consumption
CN103435157B (en) Low-energy and intelligent three-dimensional ecological internal circulation nitrification method and apparatus
CN102040316B (en) Method for purifying ecological compound sludge water body
CN203373200U (en) Intelligent low-energy-consumption type three-dimensional ecological outer circulation nitrification device
CN103435156B (en) Intelligent three-dimensional ecological external circulation nitrification method and apparatus
CN204803189U (en) Rural sewage treatment plant based on biological carrier piece water planting groove
CN107216004B (en) Domestic sewage treatment system and method
CN107285558B (en) Domestic sewage treatment device based on drop-out biological filter tower unit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: APPLICANT; FROM: SHENZHEN DIDA DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE TO: SHENZHEN DIDA WATER ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
CB02 Change of applicant information

Address after: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Nanshan District science and Technology Park North Long Road No. 9 Building 8 East 804 Dongjiang environmental

Applicant after: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Applicant after: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

Address before: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Futian District CaiTian deep South Garden A2301-2308

Applicant before: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

Applicant before: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address after: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Nanshan District science and Technology Park North Long Road No. 9 Building 8 East 804 Dongjiang environmental

Applicant after: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Applicant after: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

Address before: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Futian District CaiTian deep South Garden A2301-2308

Applicant before: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

Applicant before: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: PENG YUNLONG CENG XIANGUI CHEN ZHAOYONG TO: PENG YUNLONG CENG XIANGUI CHEN ZHAOYONG SIMA YUFENG YAN LISHENG TIAN XUEYING

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Peng Yunlong

Inventor after: Zeng Xiangui

Inventor after: Chen Zhaoyong

Inventor after: SIMA YUFENG

Inventor after: Yan Lisheng

Inventor after: Tian Xueying

Inventor before: Peng Yunlong

Inventor before: Zeng Xiangui

Inventor before: Chen Zhaoyong

Inventor after: Peng Yunlong

Inventor after: Zeng Xiangui

Inventor after: Chen Zhaoyong

Inventor after: SIMA YUFENG

Inventor after: Yan Lisheng

Inventor after: Tian Xueying

Inventor before: Peng Yunlong

Inventor before: Zeng Xiangui

Inventor before: Chen Zhaoyong

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170110

Address after: Ring road Bantian street Longgang District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong province 518000 E Bantian International Center, No. 5 building 1002 room

Patentee after: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Nanshan District science and Technology Park North Long Road No. 9 Building 8 East 804 Dongjiang environmental

Patentee before: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

Effective date of registration: 20170110

Address after: Ring road Bantian street Longgang District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong province 518000 E Bantian International Center, No. 5 building 1002 room

Patentee after: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Nanshan District science and Technology Park North Long Road No. 9 Building 8 East 804 Dongjiang environmental

Patentee before: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Shenzhen Dida Dongjiang Environment Institute

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Room 1002, Building E, Bantian International Center, No. 5 Huancheng South Road, Bantian Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, 518000

Patentee after: Shenzhen Dida Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Room 1002, Building E, Bantian International Center, No. 5 Huancheng South Road, Bantian Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, 518000

Patentee before: Shenzhen Dida Water Engineering Co., Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder