CN103434529B - A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof - Google Patents

A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103434529B
CN103434529B CN201310384800.3A CN201310384800A CN103434529B CN 103434529 B CN103434529 B CN 103434529B CN 201310384800 A CN201310384800 A CN 201310384800A CN 103434529 B CN103434529 B CN 103434529B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hook tongue
hitch
coupler
vehicle
locking
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310384800.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103434529A (en
Inventor
崔英俊
姜岩
孟庆民
王晓龙
王长春
Original Assignee
齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司 filed Critical 齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司
Priority to CN201310384800.3A priority Critical patent/CN103434529B/en
Publication of CN103434529A publication Critical patent/CN103434529A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103434529B publication Critical patent/CN103434529B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hitch of railway vehicle, comprise coupler body and be arranged at the hook tongue of described coupler body by knuckle pivot pin, between described hook tongue and described coupler body, be provided with the springing of resistance when being turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position for increasing described hook tongue.Setting like this, the hitch of railway vehicle provided by the invention, skating vehicle is in rolling process, and the hook tongue of this hitch not easily turns round to locking position.The invention also discloses a kind of railway vehicle comprising above-mentioned hitch.

Description

A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of vehicle, particularly relate to a kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof.

Background technology

Hump is marshaling yard for disintegrating and the shunting line pipeline equipment of marshalling freight train, below content will describe in detail to vehicle marshalling mode of operation by reference to the accompanying drawings.

The barney 1 being positioned at vehicle rear, with certain speed pushed forward skating vehicle 2, when skating vehicle 2 is near hump, please refer to Fig. 1, and Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of skating vehicle when hump.Hitch after skating vehicle 2 is got to unlock position by hook shadoof by operating personnel, when skating vehicle 2 marches to down ramp position, skating vehicle 2 will separate because gait of march is different from the barney 1 after it, now skating vehicle 2 rolling from top to bottom along ramp, please refer to Fig. 2, schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is skating vehicle rolling.In the downward traveling process of skating vehicle 2, for restriction skating vehicle 2 gait of march is no more than specified speed, retarder on ramp will slow down the rolling speed of skating vehicle 2, to control to be no more than specified speed when target vehicle (not shown) under skating vehicle and slope connects and hangs, clash into target vehicle when skating vehicle 2 marches to target vehicle place and hang with its company and be organized into new train.

Please refer to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, Fig. 3 is schematic diagram when hitch is in locking position state in prior art; Fig. 4 is schematic diagram when hitch is in standard-sized sheet position state in prior art.

Hitch of the prior art comprises coupler body 3 and hook tongue 4, and hook tongue 4 is rotatably installed on coupler body 3 by knuckle pivot pin.Only have when hitch is in standard-sized sheet position, when namely hook tongue 4 is in the state opened completely, hitch can be carried out and connect extension.

But, skating vehicle 2 is in hump grouping operation process, no matter retarder slow down the rolling speed of skating vehicle 2 or rolling car and target vehicle collide connect hang time, all by because the force of inertia effect moved ahead by skating vehicle 2, cause the hook tongue of skating vehicle 2 hitch below to have and to direction, locking position, pivotal possibility occurs around knuckle pivot pin.

If hook tongue 4 turns round to locking position, this hitch can not be in standard-sized sheet position, then follow-up skating vehicle 2 can be caused when colliding with this hitch, occurs connecting the problem of not hanging.

Therefore, easily there is pivotal problem to locking position in the hook tongue how solving skating vehicle in prior art, become those skilled in the art's important technological problems to be solved in rolling process.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of hitch of railway vehicle, skating vehicle is in rolling process, and the hook tongue of this hitch not easily turns round to locking position.Present invention also offers a kind of railway vehicle comprising above-mentioned hitch.

The hitch of a kind of railway vehicle provided by the invention, is comprised coupler body and is arranged at the hook tongue of described coupler body by knuckle pivot pin, be provided with the springing of resistance when being turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position for increasing described hook tongue between described hook tongue and described coupler body.

Preferably, described springing is be wound in the torsion spring around described knuckle pivot pin, first torque arm and the described hook tongue of described torsion spring abut against, second torque arm and described coupler body abut against, when described hook tongue is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, described torsion spring produces and stops the pivotal elastic deformation force of described hook tongue.

Preferably, described hook tongue is provided with the first mounting hole stretched into for described first torque arm, and described coupler body is provided with the second mounting hole stretched into for described second torque arm.

Preferably, the side of described hook tongue is provided with lug, and described first mounting hole is arranged on described lug.

Present invention also offers a kind of railway vehicle, be provided with hitch, described hitch is the hitch as above described in any one.

The hitch of a kind of railway vehicle provided by the invention, is comprised coupler body and is arranged at the hook tongue of described coupler body by knuckle pivot pin, be provided with the springing of resistance when being turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position for increasing described hook tongue between described hook tongue and described coupler body.Setting like this, due to hitch provided by the invention, when hook tongue is in standard-sized sheet position and has trend pivotal to locking position, springing produces elastic deformation, and then generation elastic deformation force stops hook tongue to turn round to locking position.Therefore, in hump grouping operation process, even if retarder slow down the rolling speed of skating vehicle or skating vehicle and target vehicle collide connect hang time, the force of inertia effect that skating vehicle moves ahead can be subject to, under the action of the elastic means, the hook tongue of skating vehicle hitch below also can not be caused to direction, locking position, pivotal problem to occur around knuckle pivot pin.And then avoid because hitch can not be in standard-sized sheet position, and when the follow-up skating vehicle caused and this hitch collide, connect the problem of not hanging.

In preferred version provided by the invention, described springing is be wound in the torsion spring around described knuckle pivot pin, first torque arm and the described hook tongue of described torsion spring abut against, second torque arm and described coupler body abut against, when described hook tongue is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, described torsion spring produces and stops the pivotal elastic deformation force of described hook tongue.The present invention is by abutting against the first torque arm of torsion spring and hook tongue, and the second torque arm of torsion spring and coupler body abut against, and when hook tongue produces trend pivotal to locking position, torsion spring produces elastic deformation and stops hook gyrus lingulais to turn.Because the mounting means of torsion spring is simple, and torsion spring has good effect when realization stops hook tongue to be turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, and therefore, the present invention preferably adopts torsion spring as springing.

Present invention also offers a kind of railway vehicle, comprise above-mentioned hitch.Setting like this, railway vehicle provided by the invention, its hitch can effectively avoid the hook tongue of skating vehicle hitch below to direction, locking position, pivotal problem to occur around knuckle pivot pin.The derivation of the beneficial effect that the derivation of this beneficial effect and above-mentioned hitch bring is substantially similar, therefore repeats no more herein.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of skating vehicle when hump;

Schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is skating vehicle rolling;

Fig. 3 is schematic diagram when hitch is in locking position state in prior art;

Fig. 4 is schematic diagram when hitch is in standard-sized sheet position state in prior art;

Fig. 5 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of coupler body in the specific embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 6 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of coupler body in the specific embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of hook tongue in the specific embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 8 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of hook tongue in the specific embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 9 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of coupler body and hook tongue in the specific embodiment of the invention.

In Fig. 1 to Fig. 4:

Barney-1, skating vehicle-2, coupler body-3, hook tongue-4.

In Fig. 5-Fig. 9:

Coupler body-11, knuckle pivot pin-12, hook tongue-13, the first mounting hole-14, the second mounting hole-15, lug-16, torsion spring-17.

Detailed description of the invention

This detailed description of the invention provides a kind of hitch of railway vehicle, and skating vehicle is in rolling process, and the hook tongue of this hitch not easily turns round to locking position.This detailed description of the invention additionally provides a kind of railway vehicle comprising above-mentioned hitch.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Please refer to Fig. 5 to Fig. 9, the hitch of a kind of railway vehicle that this detailed description of the invention provides, comprise coupler body 11 and be arranged at the hook tongue 13 of coupler body 11 by knuckle pivot pin 12.

Springing is provided with, resistance when this springing is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position for increasing hook tongue 13 between hook tongue 13 and coupler body 11.It should be noted that, the elastic acting force of springing only need be greater than skating vehicle slow down and skating vehicle and target vehicle collide company hang time, hook tongue 13 is subject to the force of inertia that skating vehicle moves ahead.When hook tongue 13 is returned back to locking position by operating personal, the external force that operating personal is applied to hook tongue 13 can overcome the elastic acting force of springing completely, makes hook tongue 13 reach locking states.

Setting like this, due to the hitch that this detailed description of the invention provides, when hook tongue 13 is in standard-sized sheet position and has trend pivotal to locking position, springing produces elastic deformation, and then generation elastic deformation force stops hook tongue 13 to turn round to locking position.

Therefore, in hump grouping operation process, even if retarder slow down the rolling speed of skating vehicle and skating vehicle and target vehicle collide connect hang time, the force of inertia effect that skating vehicle moves ahead can be subject to, under the action of the elastic means, the hook tongue 13 of skating vehicle hitch below also can not be caused to direction, locking position, pivotal problem to occur around knuckle pivot pin 12.And then avoid because hitch can not be in standard-sized sheet position, and when the follow-up skating vehicle caused and this hitch collide, connect the problem of not hanging.

As preferred and citing, springing is the torsion spring 17 being wound in knuckle pivot pin 12 periphery, and the first torque arm and the hook tongue 13 of torsion spring 17 abut against, and the second torque arm and coupler body 11 abut against, when hook tongue 13 is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, torsion spring 17 produces and stops the pivotal elastic deformation force of hook tongue 13.

This detailed description of the invention is by abutting against the first torque arm of torsion spring 17 and hook tongue 13, and the second torque arm and the coupler body 11 of torsion spring 17 abut against, and when hook tongue 13 produces trend pivotal to locking position, torsion spring 17 produces elastic deformation and stops hook tongue 13 to turn round.

Because the mounting means of torsion spring 17 is simple, and torsion spring 17 has good effect when realization stops hook tongue 13 to be turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, and therefore, the present invention preferably adopts torsion spring 17 as springing.Certainly, hitch provided by the invention, its springing also can be the springing of other type, such as, Compress Spring.By following set-up mode, adopt Compress Spring also can realize stoping hook tongue 13 by standard-sized sheet position to the pivotal effect in locking position.One end of Compress Spring is connected with coupler body 11, hook tongue 13 is provided with bulge-structure, when hook tongue 13 is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, bulge-structure on hook tongue 13 rotates with hook tongue 13, and compress the other end of Compress Spring, make Compress Spring be compressive state, Compress Spring produces the application force recovering deformation and stops hook tongue 13 to rotate, and then prevents hook tongue 13 to be turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position.

In order to improve the installation reliability of torsion spring 17, hook tongue 13 is provided with the first mounting hole 14 stretched into for the first torque arm, and coupler body 11 is provided with the second mounting hole 15 stretched into for the second torque arm.

Setting like this, when installing torsion spring 17, can the first torque arm of torsion spring 17 be extend in the first mounting hole 14, second torque arm is extend in the second mounting hole 15, first mounting hole 14 and the second mounting hole 15 can play the effect of the torque arm of restriction torsion spring 17, avoid the problem that the torque arm of torsion spring 17 and hook tongue 13 or coupler body 11 are separated.

In addition, conveniently install, in this detailed description of the invention, the side of hook tongue 13 can be provided with lug 16, and the first mounting hole 14 is arranged on lug 16.

Setting like this, lug 16 is raised in the side of hook tongue 13, and the first mounting hole 14 is arranged on this lug 16, therefore, in installation process, the sidewall of hook tongue 13 can not hinder the operation of installation, and then can the first torque arm of torsion spring 17 be stretched in the first mounting hole 14 easily.

This detailed description of the invention additionally provides a kind of railway vehicle, comprises the hitch described in above-mentioned detailed description of the invention.

Setting like this, the railway vehicle that this detailed description of the invention provides, its hitch can effectively avoid the hook tongue of skating vehicle hitch below to direction, locking position, pivotal problem to occur around knuckle pivot pin.The derivation of the beneficial effect that the derivation of this beneficial effect and above-mentioned hitch bring is substantially similar, therefore repeats no more herein.

To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, professional and technical personnel in the field are realized or uses the present invention.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiments, General Principle as defined herein can without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (4)

1. a hitch for railway vehicle, is comprised coupler body and is arranged at the hook tongue of described coupler body by knuckle pivot pin, it is characterized in that, be provided with the springing of resistance when being turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position for increasing described hook tongue between described hook tongue and described coupler body; Described springing is be wound in the torsion spring around described knuckle pivot pin, first torque arm and the described hook tongue of described torsion spring abut against, second torque arm and described coupler body abut against, and when described hook tongue is turned round to locking position by standard-sized sheet position, described torsion spring produces and stops the pivotal elastic deformation force of described hook tongue.
2. hitch as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described hook tongue is provided with the first mounting hole stretched into for described first torque arm, and described coupler body is provided with the second mounting hole stretched into for described second torque arm.
3. hitch as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the side of described hook tongue is provided with lug, and described first mounting hole is arranged on described lug.
4. a railway vehicle, is provided with hitch, it is characterized in that, described hitch is the hitch as described in any one of claim 1-3.
CN201310384800.3A 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof CN103434529B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310384800.3A CN103434529B (en) 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310384800.3A CN103434529B (en) 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 A kind of railway vehicle and hitch thereof

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CN103434529A CN103434529A (en) 2013-12-11
CN103434529B true CN103434529B (en) 2016-01-27

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105469690B (en) * 2015-12-30 2018-10-02 中铁三局集团有限公司 Hitch tri-state tests automatic demonstrating teaching mould and its demenstration method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB523825A (en) * 1939-01-16 1940-07-23 American Steel Foundries Improvements in or relating to car couplers or couplings
GB1074375A (en) * 1964-07-30 1967-07-05 Linke Hofmann Busch Improvements in automatic buffer buffer coupling
US3693809A (en) * 1970-12-14 1972-09-26 Midland Ross Corp Railway car coupler
GB1446887A (en) * 1973-03-01 1976-08-18 Mini Verkehrswesen Automatic central buffer couplings for rail vehicles
FR2335383A1 (en) * 1975-12-16 1977-07-15 Knorr Bremse Gmbh Universal railway vehicle coupling - has undercut diamond shaped portion interlocking with corresponding portion on other coupling half
CN2049617U (en) * 1988-07-29 1989-12-20 李长海 Automatic coupler for mine car
CN201825053U (en) * 2010-10-20 2011-05-11 南车眉山车辆有限公司 Car coupler capable of preventing automatic latching

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB523825A (en) * 1939-01-16 1940-07-23 American Steel Foundries Improvements in or relating to car couplers or couplings
GB1074375A (en) * 1964-07-30 1967-07-05 Linke Hofmann Busch Improvements in automatic buffer buffer coupling
US3693809A (en) * 1970-12-14 1972-09-26 Midland Ross Corp Railway car coupler
GB1446887A (en) * 1973-03-01 1976-08-18 Mini Verkehrswesen Automatic central buffer couplings for rail vehicles
FR2335383A1 (en) * 1975-12-16 1977-07-15 Knorr Bremse Gmbh Universal railway vehicle coupling - has undercut diamond shaped portion interlocking with corresponding portion on other coupling half
CN2049617U (en) * 1988-07-29 1989-12-20 李长海 Automatic coupler for mine car
CN201825053U (en) * 2010-10-20 2011-05-11 南车眉山车辆有限公司 Car coupler capable of preventing automatic latching

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Address after: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Patentee after: CRRC QIQIHAR VEHICLE CO., LTD.

Address before: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Patentee before: Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.