CN103407720A - Split quantitative feeding device for corn stalk husk-stuff separator - Google Patents

Split quantitative feeding device for corn stalk husk-stuff separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103407720A
CN103407720A CN2013103609623A CN201310360962A CN103407720A CN 103407720 A CN103407720 A CN 103407720A CN 2013103609623 A CN2013103609623 A CN 2013103609623A CN 201310360962 A CN201310360962 A CN 201310360962A CN 103407720 A CN103407720 A CN 103407720A
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China
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roller
rotating shaft
groove
conveying
output
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CN2013103609623A
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CN103407720B (en
Inventor
王德福
单瑞霞
何袁
陈争光
李利桥
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Northeast Agricultural University
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Publication of CN103407720B publication Critical patent/CN103407720B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a split quantitative feeding device for a corn stalk husk-stuff separator. The split quantitative feeding device is characterized in that a frame is sequentially provided with a feeding table (1), conveying mechanisms in transmission connection with a power mechanism (10), a dividing plate (2) uniformly arranged and vertical to the conveying mechanisms, a slopping baffle (6) connected to the tail end of the dividing plate (2), a feeding guide plate (7), and an output mechanism in the transmission connection with the power mechanism (10). The quantitative feeding device can be used for performing split quantitative feeding operation specially aiming at corn stalks, and has the characteristics of being simple in structure, high in working efficiency, low in power consumption, safe and reliable to use, little in operation fault and the like.

Description

The quantitative feeding unit of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned
Technical field
The invention belongs to field machine, relates to a kind of processing of agriculture product machinery, relates generally to the quantitative feeding unit of a kind of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned.
Background technology
China produces maize straw per year over 200,000,000 tons.All the time, maize straw mainly is used as feed, fuel, material, fertilizer, or by its on-site incineration.Along with the progress of expanding economy and technology, and both at home and abroad to maize straw resource research and going deep into of utilizing, the value that becomes more meticulous of maize straw more and more comes into one's own.
At present, China has researched and developed mechanical separation type maize straw skin-stalk separation equipment, but, when production work, mostly adopts the mode of artificial feeding.For the mechanical separation type maize straw skin-stalk separator tool based on China's fundamental realities of the country development, when skin stalks of rice, wheat, etc. leaf detached job, generally partitioned processing (per pass carries out the continuous processing of stalk one by one), therefore, in order to meet the production and processing requirement of skin-stalk separator, need the supporting quantitative feeding unit of partitioned.
Existing common feeding mechanism seldom has the quantitative feeding unit of the partitioned that is applicable to maize straw skin-stalk separator, and the feeding unit that maize straw skin-stalk separator is joined is all generally to force stalk to carry feeding.In course of conveying, when in a feed track, having many stalks to carry simultaneously, because the many stalks of maize straw leaf are long, between stalk, there is the effect that involves, cause stalk to arrive the time gap of equipped at outlet port of feeding unit very short, the phenomenons such as overlapping output just easily appear in stalk at equipped at outlet port, stop up sometimes, even cause feeding to be interrupted, facility can't work.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the invention is exactly the problem existed for above-mentioned prior art, design provides a kind of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned quantitative feeding unit, solve drawing-in device and at equipped at outlet port, piled up the problems such as obstruction and overlapping output, and shunting feeds continuously, improved feeding efficiency.
The purpose of the invention is achieved in that the quantitative feeding unit of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned, comprise frame and be located at the actuating unit 10 on frame, on frame by after forward direction, being provided with successively feeding table 1, the conveying mechanism be in transmission connection with actuating unit 10, perpendicular to conveying mechanism well-distributed cutting plate 2, be connected in the sloping baffle 6 of cutting plate 2 ends, guide plate 7, the output mechanism be in transmission connection with actuating unit 10, the delivery roller rotating shaft 3 be arranged in parallel before and after described conveying mechanism comprises, carry rotating shaft 4 and delivery roller rotating shaft 5 for two, delivery roller rotating shaft 3 is provided with delivery discaling roll 11, carry the coaxial conveying roller 14 that is equipped with in rotating shaft 4 for every, on conveying roller 14, radially evenly be provided with four and carry tooth plate 12, carry tooth plate 12 to be provided with vertically one and carry groove 13, corresponding one by one before and after the conveying groove 13 on front and back conveying roller 14 is equal, delivery roller rotating shaft 5 is axially arranged with guiding roller 16, and guiding roller 16 is provided with a delivery groove 15 vertically, and all front and back are corresponding one by one with carrying groove 13 for delivery groove 15.
Described output mechanism comprises the rotating shaft 8 of limit material roller and the parallel outlet roller rotating shaft 9 that is located at limit material roller rotating shaft 8 belows, in limit material roller rotating shaft 8, be axially arranged with limit material roller 18, on limit material roller 18, radially evenly be provided with four limit flitch 17, the coaxial outlet roller 21 that is equipped with in outlet roller rotating shaft 9, on outlet roller 21, radially evenly be provided with four output tooth plates 19, output tooth plate 19 is provided with an output groove 20 vertically, and the limit flitch 17 on limit material roller 18 is all corresponding one by one up and down with the output groove 20 on outlet roller 21.
Conveying groove 13 degree of depth on described conveying roller 14 are much larger than the output groove 20 on outlet roller 21, and output groove 20 degree of depth on outlet roller 21 are greater than the diameter of a stalk, but are less than the diameter of two stalks.
Adopt technique scheme, have following beneficial effect:
1, actuating unit provides power for conveying mechanism and output mechanism, actuating unit adopts three-phase alternating current motor, its transmission device is comprised of V--belt Drive, chain transmission, and motor power is delivered to operating mechanism by V--belt Drive, and the transmission between each operation is mainly to be realized by the chain transmission.The maize straw root is sent into conveying mechanism by feeding table forward, and maize straw is divided into four roads by cutting plate, by the propelling movement effect of conveying roller, the delivery effect of delivery roller, the directional tagging of delivery roller, drives maize straw and carries backward.Maize straw enters guide plate subsequently, and guide plate is broadening formation, equally stalk is had to directional tagging.Sloping baffle is once limit material to maize straw, remains a small amount of maize straw and continues to carry backward.A small amount of maize straw enters output mechanism, and outlet roller is carried backward to maize straw, and the limit material roller impacts backward to the stalk on upper strata, stops the stalk on upper strata to advance, and completes the secondary limit material to maize straw.After the stalk output of output groove bottom, the stalk on upper strata falls to the output bottom portion of groove, realizes the single output of stalk queuing.
2, rotating shaft and the rotating shaft of a delivery roller are carried in the delivery roller rotating shaft that be arranged in parallel before and after comprising of conveying mechanism, two, and the delivery discaling roll prevents that stalk from dropping between two conveying rollers, simultaneously stalk is had to certain propelling movement ability; On each conveying roller, all dispose 4 bands and carry the conveying tooth plate of groove, carry tooth plate likeness in form V-type, stalk is had to stronger traffic capacity; On the delivery groove surface of guiding roller, helical teeth is arranged, stalk is had and continues mild conveying effect, with the guide plate of broadening formation, coordinates simultaneously the conveying of stalk guiding, be convenient to stalk and enter output mechanism, prevent that stalk from running helter-skelter.
3, output mechanism comprises homodromal outlet roller and limit material roller.On the limit material roller, radially evenly be provided with four limit flitch, there is fillet at limit flitch edge, in order to avoid the stalk on the upper strata be blocked is battered down, on outlet roller, radially evenly is provided with four output tooth plates, the moving stalk of output gear strip bounds forward, and is convenient to limit material roller to stop the unnecessary stalk in upper strata.
The conveying roller of conveying mechanism of the present invention has adopted the conveying tooth plate with the V-type groove, has strengthened the traffic capacity to maize straw; The guide plate of guiding roller and broadening formation, be convenient to maize straw and enter smoothly output mechanism; Adopt sloping baffle once to limit material, limit material roller secondary limit material, the stalk that makes each carry groove can queue up conveying, single output.
The present invention is special in the quantitative feeding unit of the partitioned of maize straw skin-stalk separator, the shunting of having realized maize straw quantitatively feeds, eliminate problems such as piling up obstruction, overlapping output, had the characteristics such as simple in structure, that operating efficiency is high, consumption of power is few, safe and reliable, the operation fault is few.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the quantitative feeding unit structural representation of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned;
Fig. 2 is delivery roller rotating shaft schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 carries the rotating shaft schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is delivery roller rotating shaft schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the output mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5;
1. feeding tables in Fig. 1,2. cutting plate, 3. delivery roller rotating shaft, 4. carry rotating shaft, 5. delivery roller rotating shaft, 6. sloping baffle, 7. guide plate, 8. limit material roller rotating shaft, 9. outlet roller rotating shaft, 10. actuating unit.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention embodiment is described in detail.The quantitative feeding unit of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned of the present invention, comprise frame and be located at the actuating unit 10 on frame, on frame by the conveying mechanism that is provided with successively feeding table 1 after forward direction, be in transmission connection with actuating unit 10, the output mechanism that is in transmission connection perpendicular to conveying mechanism well-distributed cutting plate 2, the sloping baffle 6 that is connected in cutting plate 2 ends, guide plate 7, with actuating unit 10.Rotating shaft 4 and delivery roller rotating shaft 5 are carried in delivery roller rotating shaft that conveying mechanism be arranged in parallel before and after comprising 3, two, and delivery roller rotating shaft 3 is provided with delivery discaling roll 11; Carry the coaxial conveying roller 14 that is equipped with in rotating shaft 4 for every, on conveying roller 14, radially evenly be provided with four and carry tooth plate 12, carry tooth plate 12 to be provided with vertically one and carry groove 13, corresponding one by one before and after the conveying groove 13 on front and back conveying roller 14 is equal; Delivery roller rotating shaft 5 is axially arranged with guiding roller 16, and guiding roller 16 is provided with a delivery groove 15 vertically, and all front and back are corresponding one by one with carrying groove 13 for delivery groove 15.Conveying groove 13 degree of depth on conveying roller 14 are much larger than the output groove 20 on outlet roller 21, and output groove 20 degree of depth on outlet roller 21 are greater than the diameter of a stalk, but are less than the diameter of two stalks.
Output mechanism comprises the rotating shaft 8 of limit material roller and the parallel outlet roller rotating shaft 9 that is located at limit material roller rotating shaft 8 belows, in limit material roller rotating shaft 8, be axially arranged with limit material roller 18, on limit material roller 18, radially evenly be provided with four limit flitch 17, the coaxial outlet roller 21 that is equipped with in outlet roller rotating shaft 9, on outlet roller 21, radially evenly be provided with four output tooth plates 19, output tooth plate 19 is provided with an output groove 20 vertically, and the limit flitch 17 on limit material roller 18 is all corresponding one by one up and down with the output groove 20 on outlet roller 21.
During work, the maize straw root is sent into conveying mechanism by feeding table 1 forward, and maize straw is divided into four roads by cutting plate 2, by the propelling movement effect of conveying roller 4, the delivery effect of delivery roller 3, the directional tagging of delivery roller 5, drives maize straw and carries backward.Maize straw enters guide plate 7 subsequently, and guide plate 7 is broadening formation, equally stalk is had to directional tagging.6 pairs of maize straws of sloping baffle are once limit material, remain a small amount of maize straw and continue to carry backward.A small amount of maize straw enters output mechanism, and 9 pairs of maize straws of outlet roller are carried backward, and the stalk on limit 8 pairs of upper stratas of material roller impacts backward, stops the stalk on upper strata to advance, and completes the secondary limit material to maize straw.After the stalk output of output groove 20 bottoms, the stalk on upper strata falls to output groove 20 bottoms, realizes the single output of stalk queuing.

Claims (3)

1. the quantitative feeding unit of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned, comprise frame and be located at the actuating unit (10) on frame, on frame by after forward direction, being provided with successively feeding table (1), the conveying mechanism be in transmission connection with actuating unit (10), perpendicular to conveying mechanism well-distributed cutting plate (2), be connected in the sloping baffle (6) of cutting plate (2) end, guide plate (7), the output mechanism be in transmission connection with actuating unit (10), it is characterized in that: the delivery roller rotating shaft (3) be arranged in parallel before and after conveying mechanism comprises, carry rotating shaft (4) and delivery roller rotating shaft (5) for two, delivery roller rotating shaft (3) is provided with delivery discaling roll (11), carry the upper coaxial conveying roller (14) that is equipped with of rotating shaft (4) for every, on conveying roller (14), radially evenly be provided with four and carry tooth plate (12), carry tooth plate (12) to be provided with vertically one and carry groove (13), the conveying groove (13) on front and back conveying roller (14) all front and back is corresponding one by one, delivery roller rotating shaft (5) is axially arranged with guiding roller (16), and guiding roller (16) is provided with a delivery groove (15) vertically, and all front and back are corresponding one by one with carrying groove (13) for delivery groove (15).
2. output mechanism according to claim 1 comprises limit material roller rotating shaft (8) and the parallel outlet roller rotating shaft (9) that is located at limit material roller rotating shaft (8) below, in limit material roller rotating shaft (8), be axially arranged with limit material roller (18), on limit material roller (18), radially evenly be provided with four limit flitch (17), the upper coaxial outlet roller (21) that is equipped with of outlet roller rotating shaft (9), on outlet roller (21), radially evenly be provided with four output tooth plates (19), output tooth plate (19) is provided with an output groove (20) vertically, limit flitch (17) on limit material roller (18) is all corresponding one by one up and down with the output groove (20) on outlet roller (21).
According to claim 1 conveying groove (13) degree of depth on conveying roller (14) much larger than the output groove (20) on outlet roller (21), output groove (20) degree of depth on outlet roller (21) is greater than the diameter of a stalk, but is less than the diameter of two stalks.
CN201310360962.3A 2013-08-19 2013-08-19 The quantitative feeding unit of maize straw skin-stalk separator partitioned Expired - Fee Related CN103407720B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105780131A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-07-20 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Stalk feeding device for hemp breaker
CN109421119A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 熊小利 Maize straw skin flesh leaf separator
CN109968475A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-05 东北农业大学 Corn stover leaf separating device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3648443A (en) * 1970-03-25 1972-03-14 Fmc Corp Corn picker head with spring-biased butt stops
CN2076110U (en) * 1989-12-01 1991-05-01 孙竹营 Skin and core separator for corn-stalk
CN2287780Y (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-08-19 辽宁省农业科学院农副产品加工利用研究所 Separator for skin of maize stalks
CN2390687Y (en) * 1999-09-20 2000-08-09 中国轻工总会沈阳机械设计研究所 Automatic separating machine for corn hasks and corncobs
CN2561204Y (en) * 2002-07-04 2003-07-23 孙竹营 Corn skin and cob separator
FR2941593A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-06 Idass Sa Roller device for use in row unit of maize picker to harvest maize, has flanks forming angle of certain degrees with respect to roller bottom such that blades are connected to form angle of certain degrees with respect to radial lines
CN201559237U (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-08-25 东北农业大学 Corn stalk skin-pulp separator
CN102528865A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-07-04 河南农业大学 Peel-pith-leaf separator of maize straw
CN202440070U (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-09-19 南通国全木工机械制造有限公司 Charging machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3648443A (en) * 1970-03-25 1972-03-14 Fmc Corp Corn picker head with spring-biased butt stops
CN2076110U (en) * 1989-12-01 1991-05-01 孙竹营 Skin and core separator for corn-stalk
CN2287780Y (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-08-19 辽宁省农业科学院农副产品加工利用研究所 Separator for skin of maize stalks
CN2390687Y (en) * 1999-09-20 2000-08-09 中国轻工总会沈阳机械设计研究所 Automatic separating machine for corn hasks and corncobs
CN2561204Y (en) * 2002-07-04 2003-07-23 孙竹营 Corn skin and cob separator
FR2941593A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-06 Idass Sa Roller device for use in row unit of maize picker to harvest maize, has flanks forming angle of certain degrees with respect to roller bottom such that blades are connected to form angle of certain degrees with respect to radial lines
CN201559237U (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-08-25 东北农业大学 Corn stalk skin-pulp separator
CN102528865A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-07-04 河南农业大学 Peel-pith-leaf separator of maize straw
CN202440070U (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-09-19 南通国全木工机械制造有限公司 Charging machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105780131A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-07-20 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Stalk feeding device for hemp breaker
CN105780131B (en) * 2016-06-07 2017-07-11 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Hemp decorticator stalk feeding unit
CN109421119A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 熊小利 Maize straw skin flesh leaf separator
CN109968475A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-05 东北农业大学 Corn stover leaf separating device

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