CN103358360A - Woodworking sawing machine - Google Patents

Woodworking sawing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103358360A
CN103358360A CN2013103400143A CN201310340014A CN103358360A CN 103358360 A CN103358360 A CN 103358360A CN 2013103400143 A CN2013103400143 A CN 2013103400143A CN 201310340014 A CN201310340014 A CN 201310340014A CN 103358360 A CN103358360 A CN 103358360A
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fixed
saw
drive motors
workbench
sawing machine
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CN2013103400143A
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CN103358360B (en
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颜夏根
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Abstract

The invention provides a woodworking sawing machine, and belongs to the technical field of woodworking machines. The technical problems that industrial accidents can occur easily when an existing woodworking sawing machine is operated, and thus personal safety is seriously affected are solved. The woodworking sawing machine comprises a machine frame, an electric saw and a workbench which is fixed on the machine frame. The electric saw comprises a driving motor and a saw blade which is fixed on an output shaft of the driving motor. The workbench is provided with a bar-shaped channel which allows the saw blade to pass through, and the driving motor is placed below the workbench and can slide in the direction of the channel. The upper end of the saw blade passes through the channel and is placed above the workbench. A driving structure which can drive the driving motor to move is arranged between the driving motor and the machine frame. The woodworking sawing machine has the advantages of being capable of reducing the contacting probability of the saw blade and workers and improving the safety.

Description

A kind of wood sawing machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the woodworking machinery technical field, relate to a kind of wood sawing machine.
Background technology
Wood sawing machine is small-sized sawing machine, at present commonly mostly be that saw blade is fixed on the definite position on the sawing machine, the disclosed a kind of woodworking table saw of Chinese patent literature [CN200954639Y] for example, comprise frame, actuating unit, circular saw blade and saw blade adjustment combination, actuating unit comprises alters sharp motor and reduction box, circular saw blade is connected on the output shaft of reduction box and by the saw blade groove part on the workbench and exposes, the combination of saw blade guiding mechanism comprises height regulating mechanism, angle-adjusting mechanism and be arranged on the below of workbench and the upper end is hinged on movable plate moving up and down on the adjustment rack on the workbench, drive the movable plate oscillating deck that moves and the screw pair that drives the oscillating deck swing and form, reduction box is fixed on the movable plate.Saw blade is fixed on the definite position on the sawing machine and passes the saw blade groove in this invention, the cutting position that is to say saw blade is fixed, when carrying out the timber cutting processing, need the hand-held timber of finishing line of cut of workman according to line of cut timber to be pushed to the shape that saw blade cuts into timber needs at leisure, owing to needing in operation to push timber, therefore the direction of motion of hand be easy to occur production accident towards saw blade when operation, life is caused safely have a strong impact on.In addition, when needs cut the timber of larger volume, keep the speed stabilizing linear advancement, enough experiences and muscle power need to be arranged, otherwise can affect cut quality.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to have the problems referred to above for existing technology, proposed a kind of wood sawing machine, the technical problem that the present invention solves is that saw blade moves cutting timber raising production security.
Purpose of the present invention can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of wood sawing machine, described sawing machine comprises frame, electric saw and the workbench that is fixed on the frame, it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises drive motors and is fixed on saw blade on the output shaft of drive motors, described workbench have for saw blade by and be the passage of bar shaped, described drive motors is positioned at the below of workbench and can slides along channel direction, the top that passage is positioned at workbench is passed in described saw blade upper end, is provided with between described drive motors and the frame and can drives the drives structure that drive motors moves.
The timber that will need during operation to cut is placed on the workbench, the coincidence of aliging with passage of the line of cut on the timber; Restart electric saw, driving electric saw by drives structure moves along passage, saw blade upper end cutting timber, the workman only needs that timber is put cutting position and gets final product in this operation, drives structure automated movement cutting timber, saw blade only has the part of cutting to be positioned at the top of workbench simultaneously, reduced the possibility that the workman contacts with saw blade, so sawing machine is fully not dangerous; The electric saw translational speed is very fast, can rapidly timber be cut down, and has improved the efficient of timber cutting.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, described drives structure comprises movable motor and conductor rope, described movable motor is fixed on the housing of drive motors, be fixed with the walking guide wheel on the output shaft of described movable motor, the two ends of described conductor rope are separately fixed on the frame, described conductor rope and channel parallel, the guide wheel face of described walking guide wheel and conductor rope against and conductor rope tightened.During cutting timber, the movable motor operation drives the walking guide wheel and rotates, conductor rope is tightened, the walking guide wheel by and conductor rope between frictional force drive electric saw and move, because conductor rope and walking be soft contact between the guide wheel, the vibration when electric saw cuts timber can not affect contact between the two, and electric saw can at the uniform velocity level and smooth movement, so that the cut surface of timber is smooth, can reduce the noise that sawing machine produces simultaneously.
As another kind of situation, in above-mentioned wood sawing machine, described drives structure comprises movable motor and chain, described movable motor is fixed on the housing of drive motors, be fixed with sprocket wheel on the output shaft of described movable motor, the two ends of described chain are separately fixed on the frame, and described chain is in tensioned state, described chain and channel parallel, the gear teeth of described sprocket wheel and the engagement of chain.During cutting timber, the movable motor operation drives sprocket rotation, rotates the drive electric saw by the engagement of sprocket wheel and chain and moves; Chain tightens, the gear teeth and the chain of sprocket wheel mesh all the time, and the vibration during electric saw cutting timber can not affect engagement between the two, and electric saw can at the uniform velocity level and smooth movement, so that the cut surface of timber is smooth.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, described electric saw comprises installing plate, the housing of described drive motors is fixed on the installing plate and the output shaft of drive motors passes installing plate, be fixed with slide rail one and slide rail two on the following table of described workbench, described slide rail one, slide rail two and passage are parallel to each other, described slide rail one and slide rail two are positioned at the same side of passage, described slide rail one relative slide rail two is near passage, be rotatably connected to some pulleys one on the described installing plate, described pulley one can roll along slide rail one, be rotatably connected to pulley two on the housing of described drive motors, described pulley two can roll along slide rail two.Slide rail one and slide rail two all are arranged on the following table of workbench, and saw blade directly is fixed on the drive motors top that its upper end is located in workbench, just can realize the cutting to timber, so that the sawing machine compact conformation, and can guarantee the stability of electric saw when cutting; What electric saw energy between slide rail one and slide rail two was stable slides along traveling priority, and the vibration when slide rail one and slide rail two can disperse electric saw cutting timber reduces noise, avoids occurring resonating.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, be fixed with saw and collecting bag on the described installing plate, form vacuum chamber between described saw and the installing plate, the part that described saw blade is positioned at the workbench below is in vacuum chamber, has suction port on the described saw, being fixed with on the described saw can be with the dust suction subassembly of the chip in the vacuum chamber from the suction port sucking-off, and described dust suction subassembly has the gas outlet, and described collecting bag is fixed on the place, gas outlet of dust suction subassembly.The detritus zone that saw blade when cutting upper end produces in the time of can be with cutting drops down onto the workbench below, and saw can prevent that chip from dispersing, so that chip all drops in vacuum chamber; The chip that will drop in vacuum chamber by dust suction subassembly siphons away from suction port, and collecting bag has effectively been avoided dust from flying with unified collection of chip of dust suction subassembly sucking-off, guarantees the cleaning of working environment, is conducive to the healthy of workman.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, described drive motors has gear-box, described gear-box comprises casing and the power shaft that is rotatably connected on the casing, described dust suction subassembly comprises dust absorption fan, belt pulley one, belt pulley two and belt, described saw is positioned at the suction port place and is rotatably connected to turning cylinder, described dust absorption fan is fixed on the end that turning cylinder is positioned at suction port, described belt pulley one is fixed on turning cylinder and is positioned at the outer end of saw, be rotatably connected to driving shaft in the described casing, be fixed with driven wheel on the described driving shaft, described driven wheel and the input gear engagement that is fixed on the power shaft, described belt pulley two is fixed on the driving shaft, described belt passes casing, and described belt is rotating to be located between belt pulley one and the belt pulley two.The motor shaft of drive motors and the power shaft of gear-box are connected and fixed, when driving the electric saw rotation, drive motors drives drive shaft turns by power shaft, thereby rotate chip from the suction port sucking-off thereby drive turning cylinder rotation drive dust absorption fan by belt, can be so that dust absorption fan and saw blade rotate synchronously as the drive source of dust absorption fan by drive motors, realization dust suction and cutting are carried out synchronously, and so that the sawing machine compact conformation makes things convenient for the transfer of sawing machine.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, have some Cooling Holes on the described installing plate, described Cooling Holes is circular arc to be arranged, and described drive motors has air outlet, and described Cooling Holes is connected with the air outlet of drive motors, and described Cooling Holes is towards saw blade.Drive motors need to cool off self, therefore drive motors has the ability of making airflow circulating, the air that blows out from the air outlet of drive motors forms cooling air by Cooling Holes, the cooling wind is carried out cooling down to saw blade to saw blade, prevent the excess Temperature of saw blade, and saw blade is in fast rotational, cooling air can flow through the surface of saw blade, can guarantee saw blade integral body is lowered the temperature uniformly, so that saw blade integral body remains under the safe temperature, increase the service life of saw blade.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, has draw-in groove on the described workbench, be embedded with cutting orientation angle scale in the described draw-in groove, described cutting orientation angle scale comprises processed timber is play by the dwang of wall effect and is tabular angulation dish, the card of described angulation dish flushes with the upper table surface of workbench, described angulation dish has arc-shaped edges, described angulation dish is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place to have for the graduation mark of demarcating angle, has hinge hole on the described angulation dish, described hinge hole overlaps with the center of circle of arc-shaped edges, one end of described dwang is hinged on the hinge hole, the other end of dwang can rotate around pin joint along arc-shaped edges, is provided with the location structure that dwang can be positioned on the angulation dish between described dwang and the angulation dish.During cutting timber timber is placed on the workbench, the position of regulating rotary lever, dwang is determined the angle of relative passage according to graduation mark, dwang is fixed dwang by location structure after turning to the angle that needs, side with timber is resisted against on the dwang again, line of cut and channel parallel on the timber by timber is slided up and down so that line of cut overlaps with passage along dwang, opened electric saw at last so that saw blade moves cutting timber along passage at this moment; By dwang being aimed at the position that graduation mark can accurately be adjusted timber, timber is fixed when cutting simultaneously, and saw blade moves along passage, so that saw blade is realized precise cutting timber accurately along the cutting of the line of cut on the timber.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, described workbench is positioned on the frame of passage one end and is fixed with holder, be hinged with respectively turning handle and fixed bar on the described holder, one end of described fixed bar and conductor rope one end are fixed, the other end and the holder of described fixed bar are hinged, one end of described turning handle is for controlling end, the other end and the holder of described turning handle are hinged, be provided with connecting rod between described turning handle and the fixed bar, described connecting rod two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar middle part and turning handle middle part respectively, and the described conductor rope other end is fixed on the frame that is positioned at the passage other end.When fixed bar was vertical with workbench, conductor rope was in tensioned state, guide wheel face and the conductor rope of the guide wheel of walking this moment against, movable motor operation just energy automatic traction electric saw is moved; When fixed bar was parallel with workbench, conductor rope was in relaxed state, the guide wheel face not with conductor rope against, do not have enough frictional force, therefore can promote electric saw to move along guide rail one and guide rail two; Can realize quick switching to the electric saw move mode by top dual mode, so that the application of sawing machine is more extensive; Move at electric saw simultaneously and produce when going wrong by rotating fixed bar so that lax rapidly electric saw movement of conductor rope stops, increasing security.
In above-mentioned wood sawing machine, one end of described installing plate is fixed with the rollback sensor, described rollback sensor can be when electric saw moves to passage one end and frame touch and trigger the rollback sensor, the other end of described installing plate is fixed with from lock sensor, described from lock sensor can be when electric saw moves to the passage other end and frame touch and trigger from lock sensor, be fixed with controller on the described installing plate, described rollback sensor with all link to each other with controller from lock sensor, described movable motor all links to each other with controller with drive motors.When electric saw moves, before starting working, electric saw is positioned at an end of passage, this moment, movable motor was closed condition, by mobile electric saw so that from the touching of lock sensor and frame, by circuit signal is passed to controller from lock sensor, controller control movable motor forward, movable motor drives electric saw and moves, and drive motors is opened and driven saw blade rotation cutting timber simultaneously; When electric saw moves to the other end of passage, rollback sensor and frame touching, the rollback sensor is passed to controller by circuit with signal, the counter-rotating of controller control movable motor, movable motor drives the electric saw rollback, and this moment, drive motors was closed; When electric saw return back to an end of passage, from lock sensor and frame touching, by circuit signal is passed to controller from lock sensor, controller cuts out movable motor, finishes an operation, so circulation; Can get back to initial position by said process after electric saw has cut timber, realize the automated movement of electric saw, the end operation that the workman only need stand in sawing machine gets final product, and reduces workman's the amount of labour, increases work efficiency.
Compared with prior art, this wood sawing machine has the following advantages:
1, electric saw is arranged on the workbench below, the top that passage is positioned at workbench is passed in the saw blade upper end, reduces the chance that saw blade contacts with the workman, increases security.
2, rotate to drive electric saw by the walking guide wheel at conductor rope, rollback sensor and can realize the Stroke Control of the automated movement of electric saw from lock sensor, cut surface is smooth when guaranteeing the timber surface trimming, reduces artificial use, saves production cost.
3, by saw the chip that saw blade cuts down is put together, prevent splashing of chip, the chip sucking-off that will drop in saw by dust absorption fan is again reclaimed to collecting bag, has effectively avoided dust from flying, guarantee the cleaning of working environment, be conducive to the healthy of workman.
4, crossing the air-flow that will alter sharp motor generation guides on the saw blade by Cooling Holes, realize the purpose of cooling saw blade, simple in structure, and saw blade is owing to altering sharp motor-driven, the saw blade rotating speed is faster, alter that to swash the air-flow that motor produces larger, so the intensity of cooling air is directly proportional with the rotating speed of saw blade, guarantees that saw blade always works under the safe temperature.
5, the tensioning by the control conductor rope or lax realize to electric saw move automatically and the conversion of manual mode control, easy to operate, switch fast so that the application of sawing machine is more extensive, increase the market competitiveness.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that electric saw is installed in structural representation on the workbench among the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of adjustable plate among the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of slide rail one among the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of slide rail two among the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the position relationship schematic top plan view of movable motor conductor rope among the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the position view of conductor rope winding on the walking guide wheel among the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of conductor rope among the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that conductor rope is in tensioning state among the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that conductor rope is in relaxed state among the present invention.
Figure 10 is that fixed bar is hinged on side-looking structural representation on the holder among the present invention.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of installing plate and Cooling Holes among the present invention.
Figure 12 is the controller principle block diagram in the embodiment of the invention one.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the dust suction subassembly in the embodiment of the invention one.
Figure 14 is the position relationship schematic diagram that the angulation dish is installed in workbench among the present invention.
Figure 15 is the structural relation schematic diagram of angulation dish among the present invention.
Figure 16 is the cross-sectional view of location structure in the embodiment of the invention one.
Figure 17 is wired handle and the fixing schematic diagram that reaches the wire harness distribution of protective cover in the embodiment of the invention one.
Figure 18 is wired handle and installing plate fixed position cross-sectional view in the embodiment of the invention one.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of wireless controller in the embodiment of the invention four.
Figure 20 is wireless controller and installing plate fixed position cross-sectional view in the embodiment of the invention four.
Figure 21 is the controller principle block diagram in the embodiment of the invention six.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the dust suction subassembly in the embodiment of the invention five.
Among the figure, 111, frame; 121, workbench; 122, passage; 131, installing plate; 132, Cooling Holes; 133, connection jaws; 141, drive motors; 142, gear-box; 143, casing; 144, power shaft; 147, air outlet; 151, movable motor; 152, fixed head; 181, saw blade; 211, angulation dish; 214, hinge hole; 221, dwang; 231, backstay; 232, bar section; 233, butting section; 234, connecting portion; 241, joystick; 242, rotation section; 243, handle portion; 251, jointed shaft; 261, adjustment hole; 311, slide rail one; 312, fixed part one; 313, body one; 314, chute one; 315, lug boss one; 316, lug boss two; 317, limiting section; 321, slide rail two; 322, fixed part two; 323, body two; 324, chute two; 325, lug boss three; 326, lug boss four; 327, fixed part three; 331, pulley one; 341, pulley two; 351, adjustable plate; 361, locating hole one; 362, locating hole two; 411, conductor rope; 412, steel wire rope; 413, rubber sleeve; 421, walking guide wheel; 422, guided wheel slot; 423, limited impression; 431, fixed bar; 441, holder; 451, turning handle; 461, connecting rod; 511, connecting plate; 514, clamping plate one; 514a, line outlet one; 515, clamping plate two; 521, lever; 522, grip part; 523, shank; 531, gauge tap; 532, wire harness; 533, wireless launcher; 541, pad; 542, line outlet two; 551, pressure strip; 561, protective cover; 611, saw; 612, vacuum chamber; 613, suction port; 621, lid; 631, flange; 632, kink; 643, gas outlet; 651, turning cylinder; 652, dust absorption fan; 653, belt pulley one; 654, belt; 661, driving shaft; 662, driven wheel; 663, belt pulley two; 671, dust catcher; 672, hose; 681, collecting bag; 711, rollback sensor; 721, from lock sensor; 731, single-chip microcomputer; 732, PLC Programmable Logic Controller.
The specific embodiment
Below be specific embodiments of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiment.
Embodiment one
A kind of wood sawing machine, sawing machine comprise frame 111, be fixed on the workbench 121 on the frame 111, the electric saw with saw blade 181 and cutting orientation angle scale, and frame 111 and workbench 121 are dismountable fixing by screw, convenient carrying sawing machine when shifting the building site; Electric saw comprises the installing plate 131 of semicircular in shape, saw blade 181, be fixed on the drive motors 141 and the handle that is fixed on the installing plate 131 of installing plate 131 1 sides, drive motors 141 is for altering sharp motor in the present embodiment one, saw blade 181 is positioned at installing plate 131 opposite sides and is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors 141, workbench 121 have for saw blade 181 by and be the passage 122 of bar shaped, drive motors 141 is positioned at the below of workbench 121 and can slides along passage 122 directions, the top that passage 122 is positioned at workbench 121 is passed in saw blade 181 upper ends, is provided with between drive motors 141 and the frame 111 and can drives the drives structure that drive motors 141 moves.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, be fixed with slide rail 1 and slide rail 2 321 on the following table of workbench 121, slide rail 1, slide rail 2 321 and passage 122 are parallel to each other, slide rail 1 and slide rail 2 321 are positioned at the same side of passage 122, slide rail one 311 relative slide rails 2 321 are near passage 122, be rotatably connected to some pulleys 1 on the installing plate 131, pulley 1 can roll along slide rail 1, be fixed with adjustable plate 351 on the housing of drive motors 141, be rotatably connected to pulley 2 341 on the adjustable plate 351, pulley 2 341 can roll along slide rail 2 321.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, slide rail 1 comprises fixed part 1 and the body 1 with chute 1, and fixed part 1 is parallel with the cell wall of chute 1, has some fixing holes one on the fixed part 1, and fixing hole one has two in the present embodiment one; Fixed part 1 passes fixing hole one applying by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.Have respectively lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 on the both sides cell wall of chute 1, the equal semicircular in shape in cross section of the cross section of lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316, lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 all with the wheel face of pulley 1 against.Pulley 1 can prevent the vibration that the electric saw cutting produces between lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 so that the electric saw bob guarantees the stable of saw blade 181 operations.Slide rail 1 also comprises limiting section 317, and the cross section of limiting section 317 is rectangular, and limiting section 317 is vertical with fixed part 1, limiting section 317 and passage 122 walls of passage 122 fit against.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, chute 2 324 comprises fixed part 2 322 and the body 2 323 with chute 2 324, and fixed part 2 322 is parallel with the cell wall of chute 2 324, has some fixing holes two on the fixed part 2 322, and fixing hole two has two in the present embodiment one; Fixed part 2 322 passes fixing hole two applyings by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.Have respectively lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 on the both sides cell wall of chute 2 324, the equal semicircular in shape in cross section of the cross section of lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326, lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 all with the wheel face of pulley 2 341 against.Pulley 2 341 can prevent the vibration that the electric saw cutting produces between lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 so that the electric saw bob guarantees the stable of saw blade 181 operations.Chute 2 324 also comprises fixed part 3 327, fixed part 3 327 is positioned at same plane with fixed part 2 322, fixed part 2 322 is positioned at body 2 323 near a side of chute 2 324, fixed part 3 327 is positioned at the opposite side of body 2 323, have some fixing holes three on the fixed part 3 327, fixed part 3 327 passes fixing hole three applyings by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.Body 2 323 is on the following table that is fixed on workbench 121 that can be more stable between fixed part 2 322 and the fixed part 3 327.
Shown in 4, adjustable plate 351 is triangular in shape, and pulley 2 341 is rotatably connected on one of them edge of adjustable plate 351, and two other edge of adjustable plate 351 offers respectively locating hole 1 and elongated locating hole 2 362.Adjustable plate 351 passes locating hole 1 by screw and locating hole 2 362 is fixed on the housing of drive motors 141, and the position that is positioned at locating hole 2 362 by adjustment screw can be adjusted saw blade 181 and the angle of workbench 121.
Also be fixed with harness guide on the frame 111, harness guide is parallel with passage 122, the rotatable slide fastener that is provided with on the harness guide, and drive motors 141 and connecting wires of movable motor 151 all hang on the slide fastener.The connecting wires also along with electric saw moves of drive motors 141 and movable motor 151 when electric saw moves, knotting prevents from connecting wires.
Extremely shown in Figure 7 such as Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, drives structure comprises movable motor 151 and conductor rope 411, movable motor 151 is stepper motor in the present embodiment one, conductor rope 411 comprises steel wire rope 412 and the rubber sleeve 413 that steel wire rope 412 is wrapped up, steel wire rope 412 can keep conductor rope 411 to have certain intensity, and rubber sleeve 413 can prevent from skidding between conductor rope 411 and the walking guide wheel 421; The middle part of the housing of drive motors 141 is fixed with fixed head 152, the housing body of movable motor 151 is fixed on the fixed head 152, be fixed with walking guide wheel 421 on the output shaft of movable motor 151, walking guide wheel 421 is between installing plate 131 and fixed head 152, the two ends of conductor rope 411 are separately fixed on the frame 111, conductor rope 411 is parallel with passage 122, the walking guide wheel face of guide wheel 421 and conductor rope 411 against and conductor rope 411 tightened.Have ringwise guided wheel slot 422 on the outer peripheral face of walking guide wheel 421, the cross section of guided wheel slot 422 is rectangular, has ringwise limited impression 423 on the groove bottom of guided wheel slot 422, and the groove bottom of the cell wall of limited impression 423 and guided wheel slot 422 is excessive by circular arc; Conductor rope 411 windings are on walking guide wheel 421, and it is tangent that conductor rope 411 is positioned at one section groove bottom with guided wheel slot 422 in walking guide wheel 421 moving direction the place aheads, and it is tangent that conductor rope 411 is positioned at one section groove bottom with limited impression 423 at the guide wheel 421 moving direction rears of walking.Conductor rope 411 windings can guarantee that on walking guide wheel 421 conductor rope 411 contacts with walking guide wheel 421 all the time, offer again limited impression 423 in the guided wheel slot 422 of walking guide wheel 421 so that conductor rope 411 is helical rotation at walking guide wheel 421, reduce the phase mutual friction between the conductor rope 411, so that 421 rotations of walking guide wheel are more smooth.
Extremely shown in Figure 10 such as Fig. 8, workbench 121 is positioned on the frame 111 of passage 122 1 ends and is fixed with holder 441, be hinged with respectively turning handle 451 and fixed bar 431 on the holder 441, one end of fixed bar 431 and conductor rope 411 1 ends are fixed, the other end of fixed bar 431 and holder 441 are hinged, one end of turning handle 451 is for controlling end, the other end of turning handle 451 and holder 441 are hinged, be provided with connecting rod 461 between turning handle 451 and the fixed bar 431, connecting rod 461 two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar 431 middle parts and turning handle 451 middle parts respectively, and conductor rope 411 other ends are fixed on the frame 111 that is positioned at passage 122 other ends.When fixed bar 431 and workbench 121 were vertical, conductor rope 411 was in tensioned state, and the guide wheel face of the guide wheel 421 of walking this moment and conductor rope 411 just rotate against, movable motor 151 that energy automatic traction electric saw moves; When fixed bar 431 and workbench 121 were parallel, conductor rope 411 was in relaxed state, the guide wheel face not with conductor rope 411 against, do not have enough frictional force, therefore can promote electric saw and move along guide rail one and guide rail two; Can realize quick switching to the electric saw move mode by top dual mode, so that the application of sawing machine is more extensive; When going wrong, the production of electric saw automated movement stops the increase security by rotating fixed bar 431 so that conductor rope 411 relaxes rapidly electric saw to be moved simultaneously.
Such as Figure 11 and shown in Figure 12, one end of installing plate 131 is fixed with rollback sensor 711, rollback sensor 711 can be when electric saw moves to passage 122 1 end and frame 111 touch and trigger rollback sensor 711, the other end of installing plate 131 is fixed with from lock sensor 721, from lock sensor 721 can be when electric saw moves to passage 122 other end and frame 111 touch and trigger from lock sensor 721, be fixed with controller on the installing plate 131, rollback sensor 711 with all link to each other with controller from lock sensor 721, movable motor 151 all links to each other with controller with drive motors 141, and the present embodiment one middle controller is single-chip microcomputer 731.
As shown in figure 13, be fixed with saw 611 and collecting bag 681 on the installing plate 131, form vacuum chamber 612 between saw 611 and the installing plate 131, the part that saw blade 181 is positioned at workbench 121 belows is in vacuum chamber 612, has suction port 613 on the saw 611, being fixed with on the saw 611 can be with the dust suction subassembly of the chip in the vacuum chamber 612 from suction port 613 sucking-offs, and dust suction subassembly has gas outlet 643, and collecting bag 681 is fixed on 643 places, gas outlet of dust suction subassembly.Saw 611 comprises lid 621 and flange 631, the profile semicircular in shape of lid 621, flange 631 is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place of lid 621, the outer of flange 631 also has kink 632, kink 632 is vertical with flange 631, kink 632 is bolted with installing plate 131, and the place, arc top of kink 632 has suction port 613.
As shown in figure 13, drive motors 141 has gear-box 142, gear-box 142 comprises casing 143 and the power shaft 144 that is rotatably connected on the casing 143, dust suction subassembly comprises dust absorption fan 652, belt pulley 1, belt pulley 2 663 and belt 654, saw 611 is positioned at suction port 613 places and is rotatably connected to turning cylinder 651, dust absorption fan 652 is fixed on the end that turning cylinder 651 is positioned at suction port 613, belt pulley 1 is fixed on turning cylinder 651 and is positioned at saw 611 end outward, be rotatably connected to driving shaft 661 in the casing 143, be fixed with driven wheel 662 on the driving shaft 661, driven wheel 662 and the input gear engagement that is fixed on the power shaft 144, belt pulley 2 663 is fixed on the driving shaft 661, belt 654 passes casing 143, belt 654 rotating being located between belt pulley 1 and the belt pulley 2 663.
Such as Figure 11 and shown in Figure 13, have some Cooling Holes 132 on the installing plate 131, Cooling Holes 132 is circular arc and arranges, drive motors 141 has air outlet 147, air outlet 147 is opened on the casing 143 of gear-box 142 of drive motors 141 in the present embodiment one, Cooling Holes 132 is connected with the air outlet 147 of drive motors 141, and Cooling Holes 132 is towards saw blade 181, and the air outlet 147 of drive motors 141 close pulleys 1 is towards the air outlet 147 of pulley 1; The air that blows out from air outlet 147 can blow off the dust wood chip on the pulley 1 etc., guarantees the rotation that pulley 1 can be stable, so that the movement of electric saw is stable.The diameter of Cooling Holes 132 is 3mm~5mm, and the diameter of Cooling Holes 132 is 4mm in the present embodiment one; This size can prevent that wood chip from entering in the Cooling Holes 132.
Such as Figure 14 and shown in Figure 15, has draw-in groove on the workbench 121, cutting orientation angle scale is embedded in draw-in groove, cutting orientation angle scale comprises processed timber is play by the dwang 221 of wall effect and is tabular angulation dish 211, the card of angulation dish 211 flushes with the upper table surface of workbench 121, angulation dish 211 has arc-shaped edges, angulation dish 211 is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place to have for the graduation mark of demarcating angle, has hinge hole 214 on the angulation dish 211, hinge hole 214 overlaps with the center of circle of arc-shaped edges, one end of dwang 221 is hinged on the hinge hole 214, the other end of dwang 221 can rotate around pin joint along arc-shaped edges, is provided with the location structure that dwang 221 can be positioned on the angulation dish 211 between dwang 221 and the angulation dish 211.
Extremely shown in Figure 16 such as Figure 14, location structure comprises backstay 231, joystick 241 and the adjustment hole 261 that is opened on the angulation dish 211, adjustment hole 261 is for being the strip hole of circular arc, adjustment hole 261 is parallel with arc-shaped edges, dwang 221 middle parts have locating hole, locating hole is connected with adjustment hole 261, backstay 231 comprises bar section 232, be positioned at the butting section 233 and the connecting portion 234 that is positioned at bar section 232 other ends of bar section 232 1 ends, locating hole and adjustment hole 261 pass in bar section 232, butting section 233 and angulation dish 211 against, connecting portion 234 is annular, joystick 241 comprises rotation section 242 and handle portion 243, the cross section of rotation section 242 is rounded, the side face of rotation section 242 and dwang 221 against, offer through hole on the rotation section 242, through hole and rotation section 242 off-centre, connect by jointed shaft 251 between rotation section 242 and the connecting portion 234, jointed shaft 251 passes connecting portion 234 and through hole.The side face of rotation section 242 and dwang 221 against, because through hole and rotation section 242 off-centre, when needs with dwang 221 fixedly the time, by turning to handle portion 243 certain angles so that the distance between jointed shaft 251 and the dwang 221 increase, jointed shaft 251 meeting drive connecting portions 234 relatively rotate bar 221 and move up, so that between butting section 233 and the angulation dish 211 closely against, by the frictional force between butting section 233 and the angulation dish 211 dwang 221 is fixed on current location, in the time of need to unclamping dwang 221, turning handle section 243 is so that the distance minimizing between jointed shaft 251 and the dwang 221, frictional force between butting section 233 and the angulation dish 211 reduces, and dwang 221 can freely rotate.
Extremely shown in Figure 180 such as Figure 17, handle is wired handle in the present embodiment one, wired handle comprises clamping plate 1, clamping plate 2 515 and lever 521, be fixed with gauge tap 531 on the lever 521, clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are fitted fixing, be fixed with wire harness 532 between clamping plate 1 and the clamping plate 2 515, wire harness 532 connects gauge tap 531 and controller, and wire harness 532 is flexible harness in the present embodiment one; Clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are fixed on the installing plate 131.Be fixed with pad 541 on the installing plate 131, pad 541 is between clamping plate 1 and installing plate 131, and the thickness of pad 541 is identical with distance between saw blade 181 and the installing plate 131.Clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are positioned at same plane with saw blade 181, and saw blade 181 is wrapped up, and increase security.Be fixed with pressure strip 551 on the installing plate 131, clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are between pressure strip 551 and installing plate 131, and pressure strip 551 is bolted on the installing plate 131.
Also be fixed with protective cover 561 on clamping plate 1 and the clamping plate 2 515, protective cover 561 is positioned at the top of saw blade 181, and protective cover 561 covers saw blade 181, guarantees safety in production.Clamping plate 1 and pad 541 against a side on offer line outlet one 514a, pad 541 middle parts have line outlet 2 542, has connection jaws 133 on the installing plate 131, line outlet one 514a, line outlet 2 542 and connection jaws 133 are interconnected, controller is fixed on connection jaws 133 places, and wire harness 532 passes line outlet one 514a and links to each other with controller with line outlet 2 542.Lever 521 comprises grip part 522 and shank 523, the inclination of the workbench 121 of grip part 522 relative sawing machines, the inclination angle size of the workbench 121 of grip part 522 relative sawing machines is 50 °~70 °, in the present embodiment one, the inclination angle is 60 °, and gauge tap 531 is positioned at grip part 522 towards a side of shank 523.Grip part 522 workbench 121 tilt can make things convenient for the workman to promote electric saw, and gauge tap 531 is positioned at grip part 522 can prevent the workman towards a side of shank 523 maloperation.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows: during cutting timber timber is placed on the workbench 121, regulating the position of the dwang 221 of cutting orientation angle scale also fixes, one side of timber is resisted against on the dwang 221, line of cut on the timber is parallel with passage 122 at this moment, by mobile electric saw so that from lock sensor 721 and frame 111 touchings, by circuit signal is passed to controller from lock sensor 721, controller control movable motor 151 forwards, movable motor 151 drives electric saw and moves, while drive motors 141 is opened and is driven saw blades 181 rotation cutting timber, and dust absorption fan 652 blows chip to collecting bag 681 recovery; When electric saw moved to the other end of passage 122, the timber cutting was finished, rollback sensor 711 and frame 111 touchings, rollback sensor 711 is passed to controller by circuit with signal, 151 counter-rotatings of controller control movable motor, movable motor 151 drives the electric saw rollback, and this moment, drive motors 141 was closed; When electric saw return back to an end of passage 122, from lock sensor 721 and frame 111 touchings, by circuit signal is passed to controller from lock sensor 721, controller cuts out movable motor 151, finishes an operation; When not needing the electric saw surface trimming, rotate fixed bar 431 when making it parallel with workbench 121, conductor rope 411 is in relaxed state, the guide wheel face not with conductor rope 411 against, there is not enough frictional force, the workman can promote electric saw by handle, and the cutting to timber is finished manually in the unlatching of the gauge tap 531 control drive motors 141 by on the handle or close.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment one, different place is: drives structure comprises movable motor and chain, movable motor is fixed on the housing of drive motors, be fixed with sprocket wheel on the output shaft of movable motor, the two ends of chain are separately fixed on the frame, chain is in tensioned state, chain and channel parallel, the gear teeth of sprocket wheel and the engagement of chain.During cutting timber, movable motor rotates and drives sprocket rotation, rotates the drive electric saw by the engagement of sprocket wheel and chain and moves; Chain tightens, the gear teeth and the chain of sprocket wheel mesh all the time, and the vibration during electric saw cutting timber can not affect engagement between the two, and electric saw can at the uniform velocity level and smooth movement, so that the cut surface of timber is smooth.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment one, different place is: location structure comprises bolt and the adjustment hole that is opened on the angulation dish, adjustment hole is the strip hole that is circular arc, adjustment hole is parallel with arc-shaped edges, angulation dish and dwang against the side be upper disk surface, the another side of angulation dish is lower card, the hole wall of adjustment hole is positioned at lower card and offers annular recessed shoulder, the dwang middle part has locating hole, described locating hole is connected with adjustment hole, bolt passes locating hole and adjustment hole, one end of bolt and dwang against, the other end of bolt is threaded with a hex nut, the side face of hex nut nut and annular recessed shoulder against.Hex nut can move along the recessed shoulder of annular when dwang rotates, at needs with dwang fixedly the time, the rotational positioning bolt so that hex nut towards dwang move with the recessed shoulder of annular closely against, by the frictional force between hex nut and the angulation dish dwang is fixed on current location, in the time of need to unclamping dwang, the counter-rotating bolt gets hex nut and moves away from the dwang direction, hex nut and and the angulation dish between frictional force reduce, dwang can freely rotate.
Embodiment four
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment one; different place is: such as Figure 19 and shown in Figure 20; handle is wireless controller; wireless controller comprises lever 521 and connecting plate 511; be fixed with wireless launcher 533 on the lever 521; lever 521 is fixed on the connecting plate 511; be fixed with pad 541 on the installing plate 131; pad 541 is between connecting plate 511 and installing plate 131; the thickness of pad 541 is identical with distance between saw blade 181 and the installing plate 131; be fixed with pressure strip 551 on the installing plate 131; connecting plate 511 1 ends are between pressure strip 551 and installing plate 131; pressure strip 551 is bolted on the installing plate 131, and connecting plate 511 other ends are fixed with protective cover 561, and protective cover 561 is positioned at the top of saw blade 181.Have wireless receiver on the installing plate 131, wireless receiver links to each other with controller.
Embodiment five
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment one, different place is: as shown in figure 22, dust suction subassembly comprises dust catcher 671 and hose 672, one end of hose 672 is connected with suction port 613, the other end of hose 672 is connected with the air inlet of dust catcher 671, and collecting bag 681 is fixed on 643 places, gas outlet of dust catcher 671.Dust catcher 671 by hose 672 with chip from suction port 613 sucking-offs, by collecting bag 681 scrap collecting is got up again.
Embodiment six
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment one, and different place is: as shown in figure 21, controller is PLC Programmable Logic Controller 732.
Specific embodiment described herein only is to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or replenish or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper has more used frame 111; Workbench 121; Passage 122 terms such as grade, but do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms only is in order to describe more easily and explain essence of the present invention; They are construed to any additional restriction all is contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. wood sawing machine, described sawing machine comprises frame (111), electric saw and the workbench (121) that is fixed on the frame (111), it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises drive motors (141) and is fixed on saw blade (181) on the output shaft of drive motors (141), described workbench (121) have for saw blade (181) by and be the passage (122) of bar shaped, described drive motors (141) is positioned at the below of workbench (121) and can slides along passage (122) direction, the top that passage (122) is positioned at workbench (121) is passed in described saw blade (181) upper end, is provided with between described drive motors (141) and the frame (111) to drive the mobile drives structure of drive motors (141).
2. wood sawing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises installing plate (131), the housing of described drive motors (141) is fixed on installing plate (131) output shaft upper and drive motors (141) and passes installing plate (131), be fixed with slide rail one (311) and slide rail two (321) on the following table of described workbench (121), described slide rail one (311), slide rail two (321) and passage (122) are parallel to each other, described slide rail one (311) and slide rail two (321) are positioned at the same side of passage (122), described slide rail one (311) relative slide rail two (321) is near passage (122), be rotatably connected to some pulleys one (331) on the described installing plate (131), described pulley one (331) can slide along slide rail one (311), be rotatably connected to pulley two (341) on the housing of described drive motors (141), described pulley two (341) can slide along slide rail two (321).
3. wood sawing machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described drives structure comprises movable motor (151) and conductor rope (411), described movable motor (151) is fixed on the housing of drive motors (141), be fixed with walking guide wheel (421) on the output shaft of described movable motor (151), the two ends of described conductor rope (411) are separately fixed on the frame (111), described conductor rope (411) is parallel with passage (122), the guide wheel face of described walking guide wheel (421) and conductor rope (411) against and conductor rope (411) tightened.
4. wood sawing machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described drives structure comprises movable motor (151) and chain, described movable motor (151) is fixed on the housing of drive motors (141), be fixed with sprocket wheel on the output shaft of described movable motor (151), the two ends of described chain are separately fixed on the frame (111), and described chain is in tensioned state, described chain is parallel with passage (122), the gear teeth of described sprocket wheel and the engagement of chain.
5. wood sawing machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described workbench (121) is positioned on the frame (111) of passage (122) one ends and is fixed with holder (441), be hinged with respectively turning handle (451) and fixed bar (431) on the described holder (441), one end of described fixed bar (431) and conductor rope (411) one ends are fixed, the other end of described fixed bar (431) and holder (441) are hinged, one end of described handle (451) is for controlling end (452), the other end of described handle (451) and holder (441) are hinged, be provided with connecting rod (461) between described turning handle (451) and the fixed bar (431), described connecting rod (461) two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar (431) middle part and turning handle (451) middle part respectively, and described conductor rope (411) other end is fixed on the frame (111) that is positioned at passage (122) other end.
6. the described wood sawing machine of any one in 5 according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, one end of described installing plate (131) is fixed with rollback sensor (711), described rollback sensor (711) can be when electric saw moves to passage (a 122) end and frame (111) touch and trigger rollback sensor (711), the other end of described installing plate (131) is fixed with from lock sensor (721), described from lock sensor (721) can be when electric saw moves to passage (122) other end and frame (111) touch and trigger from lock sensor (721), described installing plate is fixed with controller on (131), described rollback sensor (711) with all link to each other with controller from lock sensor (721), described movable motor (151) all links to each other with controller with drive motors (141).
7. the described wood sawing machine of any one in 5 according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, be fixed with saw (611) and collecting bag (681) on the described installing plate (131), form vacuum chamber (612) between described saw (611) and the installing plate (131), the part that described saw blade (181) is positioned at workbench (121) below is in vacuum chamber (612), has suction port (613) on the described saw (611), being fixed with on the described saw (611) can be with the dust suction subassembly of the chip in the vacuum chamber (612) from suction port (613) sucking-off, described dust suction subassembly has gas outlet (643), and described collecting bag (681) is fixed on the gas outlet (643) of dust suction subassembly and locates.
8. wood sawing machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described drive motors (141) has gear-box (142), described gear-box (142) comprises casing (143) and is rotatably connected on power shaft (144) on the casing (143), described dust suction subassembly comprises dust absorption fan (652), belt pulley one (653), belt pulley two (663) and belt (654), described saw (611) is positioned at suction port (613) and locates to be rotatably connected to turning cylinder (651), described dust absorption fan (652) is fixed on the end that turning cylinder (651) is positioned at suction port (613), described belt pulley one (653) is fixed on turning cylinder (651) and is positioned at the outer end of saw (611), be rotatably connected to driving shaft (661) in the described casing (143), be fixed with driven wheel (662) on the described driving shaft (661), described driven wheel (662) and the input gear engagement that is fixed on the power shaft (144), described belt pulley two (663) is fixed on the driving shaft (661), described belt (654) passes casing (143), and described belt (654) is rotating to be located between belt pulley one (653) and the belt pulley two (663).
9. the described wood sawing machine of any one in 5 according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, have some Cooling Holes (132) on the described installing plate (131), described Cooling Holes (132) is circular arc and arranges, described drive motors (141) has air outlet (147), described Cooling Holes (132) is connected with the air outlet (147) of drive motors (141), and described Cooling Holes (132) is towards saw blade (181).
10. the described wood sawing machine of any one in 5 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described workbench has draw-in groove on (121), be embedded with cutting orientation angle scale in the described draw-in groove, described cutting orientation angle scale comprises processed timber is play by the dwang (221) of wall effect and is tabular angulation dish (211), the card of described angulation dish (211) flushes with the upper table surface of workbench (121), described angulation dish (211) has arc-shaped edges, described angulation dish (211) is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place to have for the graduation mark of demarcating angle, has hinge hole (214) on the described angulation dish (211), described hinge hole (214) overlaps with the center of circle of arc-shaped edges, one end of described dwang (221) is hinged on the hinge hole (214), the other end of dwang (221) can rotate around pin joint along arc-shaped edges, is provided with the location structure that dwang (221) can be positioned on the angulation dish (211) between described dwang (221) and the angulation dish (211).
CN201310340014.3A 2013-08-06 2013-08-06 Woodworking sawing machine Active CN103358360B (en)

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CN106239639A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 成都市翻鑫家科技有限公司 A kind of board cutting machine
CN108858472A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-23 德清亿康木业有限公司 A kind of quick log splitter
CN116533326A (en) * 2023-06-26 2023-08-04 江苏钰龙智能科技有限公司 Panel cutting device is used in sofa production and processing

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CN116533326B (en) * 2023-06-26 2023-10-10 江苏钰龙智能科技有限公司 Panel cutting device is used in sofa production and processing

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