CN203380958U - Sawing machine - Google Patents

Sawing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203380958U
CN203380958U CN201320477838.0U CN201320477838U CN203380958U CN 203380958 U CN203380958 U CN 203380958U CN 201320477838 U CN201320477838 U CN 201320477838U CN 203380958 U CN203380958 U CN 203380958U
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fixed
electric saw
frame
conductor rope
sawing machine
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CN201320477838.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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颜夏根
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides a sawing machine, and belongs to the technical field of wood-working machines. The sawing machine solves the technical problems that an existing sawing machine drives an electric saw to move only through a motor, and the electric saw cannot be pushed manually. The sawing machine comprises a machine frame, a workbench and an electric saw, wherein the workbench is fixed on the machine frame and the electric saw can slide along the workbench, and the electric saw is provided with a handle through which the electric saw can be pushed to move manually. The sawing machine further comprises a guide rope and a fixing rod, the guide rope is arranged in the sliding direction of the electric saw, one end of the guide rope is fixed at one end of the machine frame, the other end of the guide rope is fixed on the fixing rod, the fixing rod is located at the other end of the machine frame, an adjusting mechanism which is used for adjusting the distance between the fixing rod and one end of the machine frame to tension or loose the guide rope is arranged between the fixing rod and the machine frame, and the guide rope is provided with a walking motor which can drive the electric saw to move along the guide rope when the guide rope is tensioned. According to the sawing machine, the electric saw can be automatically driven to move through the walking motor or can be pushed to move manually through the handle, and the sawing machine has the advantage of having multiple operation methods.

Description

A kind of sawing machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the woodworking machinery technical field, relates to a kind of sawing machine.
Background technology
Wood sawing machine is small-sized sawing machine, the common saw blade that is mostly is fixed on a definite position on sawing machine at present, the disclosed a kind of woodworking table saw of Chinese patent literature [CN200954639Y] for example, comprise frame, actuating unit, circular saw blade and saw blade adjustment combination, actuating unit comprises series excited machine and reduction box, circular saw blade is connected on the output shaft of reduction box and exposes by the saw blade groove part on workbench, the combination of saw blade guiding mechanism comprises height regulating mechanism, angle-adjusting mechanism is hinged on the movable plate moving up and down on the adjustment rack on workbench with the below and the upper end that are arranged on workbench, driving the movable plate oscillating deck moved and the screw pair that drives the oscillating deck swing forms, reduction box is fixed on movable plate.In this utility model, saw blade is fixed on a definite position on sawing machine and passes the saw blade groove, the cutting position that is to say saw blade is fixed, when carrying out the timber cutting processing, need the hand-held timber of finishing line of cut of workman according to line of cut, timber to be pushed to saw blade at leisure and timber is cut into to the shape of needs, owing to needing in operation to push timber, the direction of motion of hand, towards saw blade, therefore is easy to occur production accident when operation, and life is caused and has a strong impact on safely.In addition, when needs cut the timber of larger volume, keep the speed stabilizing linear advancement, enough experiences and muscle power need to be arranged, otherwise can affect cut quality.
In order to address the above problem, Chinese patent literature has also proposed saw blade walking type full automatic woodwork sawing machine [CN2382525Y], comprises by saw blade vertically walk framework and the vertical running gear of saw blade of framework, saw blade horizontal walking device, saw blade of laterally walking and forming.The structure very complex.Also as what Chinese patent literature proposed, be processed to form self-adjusting Carpenter board cutting saw [CN2750907Y], comprise frame, workbench, guide rail mechanism, the main shaft assembly that saw blade is housed and control system, guide rail mechanism is fixed on frame, and main shaft assembly and guide rail mechanism that saw blade is housed are flexibly connected.Electric saw in above-mentioned two patents all moves on guide rail by motor, can produce very large vibration between saw blade and timber when cutting, guide rail and electric saw are subject to the impact that vibration is transmitted, can make to occur beating between electric saw and framework, cause electric saw to move discontinuous, make the tangent plane of timber discontinuous, reduce the quality of timber, can produce very large noise simultaneously; And above-mentioned two patents can only move by the driven by motor electric saw, when motor damages, just can not cut timber, can not move by manual promotion electric saw, there is limitation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to have the problems referred to above for existing technology, has proposed a kind of sawing machine, and the technical problem that the utility model solves is that the electric saw of sawing machine can also can manually move by automated movement.
The purpose of this utility model can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of sawing machine, this sawing machine comprises frame, the electric saw that is fixed on the workbench on frame and can slides along workbench, it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises for manually promoting the handle that electric saw moves, described sawing machine also comprises conductor rope and fixed bar, described conductor rope is arranged along the electric saw glide direction, one end of described conductor rope is fixed on frame one end, the other end of described conductor rope is fixed on fixed bar, described fixed bar is positioned at the frame other end, be provided with the distance that can regulate between fixed bar and frame one end between described fixed bar and frame and make conductor rope tensioning or lax governor motion, described conductor rope is provided with and can when the conductor rope tensioning, drives the movable motor that electric saw moves along conductor rope.
Conductor rope is flexible, therefore can control conductor rope tensioning or lax by the distance of regulating the relative conductor rope other end of conductor rope one end; Electric saw can move or manually promote electric saw by handle by movable motor automatic traction electric saw and move; While needing the electric saw automated movement during production, by governor motion, make conductor rope in tensioning state, need manually to promote when electric saw moves to make conductor rope in relaxed state by governor motion; Can be according to the actual conditions of producing, different process requirements are selected the mode of most suitable control electric saw, increase the accuracy of cutting, improve the efficiency of cutting timber.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, described governor motion comprises holder and turning handle, described holder is fixed on frame, one end of described fixed bar and conductor rope one end are fixed, the other end and the holder of described fixed bar are hinged, and an end of described turning handle is for controlling end, and the other end and the holder of described turning handle are hinged, be provided with connecting rod between described turning handle and fixed bar, described connecting rod two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar middle part and turning handle middle part respectively.By rotating turning handle, make fixed bar rotate along pin joint, when fixed bar is parallel with workbench, conductor rope is in relaxed state, now by manually controlling the movement of electric saw, when fixed bar is vertical with workbench, conductor rope, in tensioning state, is now controlled the movement of electric saw by movable motor.
As another kind of situation, in above-mentioned sawing machine, described governor motion comprises adjustment hole and the nut be opened on frame, described nut is fixed in adjustment hole, the middle part of described fixed bar offers screw thread, described fixed bar passes nut and is connected with nut thread, and described fixed bar is positioned at end and the conductor rope of frame to be fixed, and described fixed bar is positioned at the outer end of frame for controlling end.Rotate fixed bar by controlling end, can be by the conductor rope tensioning when fixed bar moves to certain position outside frame, now by movable motor, control the movement of electric saw, fixed bar can be lax by conductor rope when moving to certain position in frame, now by manually controlling the movement of electric saw.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, described movable motor is fixed on electric saw, be fixed with the walking guide wheel on the output shaft of described movable motor, there is ringwise guided wheel slot on the outer wheel face of described walking guide wheel, the cross section of described guided wheel slot is rectangular, there is ringwise limited impression on the groove bottom of described guided wheel slot, the conductor rope winding is on the walking guide wheel, it is tangent that described conductor rope is positioned at one section groove bottom with guided wheel slot in walking guide wheel moving direction the place ahead, and it is tangent that described conductor rope is positioned at one section groove bottom with limited impression at the guide wheel moving direction rear of walking.When electric saw moves, movable motor operation drives the walking guide wheel and rotates, and conductor rope is tightened, the walking guide wheel by and conductor rope between frictional force drive electric saw and move along conductor rope; The conductor rope winding can guarantee that on the walking guide wheel conductor rope contacts with the walking guide wheel all the time, offers limited impression in the guided wheel slot of walking guide wheel again and makes conductor rope be helical rotation on the walking guide wheel, reduces the phase mutual friction between conductor rope, makes the walking guide wheel rotate more smooth; Owing to being soft contact between conductor rope and walking guide wheel, so vibration when electric saw cuts timber can not affect contact between the two, so the movement that electric saw can be at the uniform velocity level and smooth, make the cut surface of timber smooth, can reduce the noise that sawing machine produces simultaneously.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, the controller that described electric saw comprises installing plate, saw blade, is fixed on the drive motors of installing plate one side and can controls drive motors and movable motor moves, described saw blade is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors, described saw blade is positioned at the opposite side of installing plate, be fixed with fixed head on the housing of described drive motors, described fixed head is parallel with installing plate, and above-mentioned movable motor is fixed on fixed head.
In above-mentioned sawing machine; described handle is wired handle; described wired handle comprises clamping plate one, clamping plate two and lever; be fixed with gauge tap on described lever, described clamping plate one and clamping plate two laminatings are fixing, between described clamping plate one and clamping plate two, are fixed with wire harness; described wire harness connects gauge tap and controller; also be fixed with protective cover on described clamping plate one and clamping plate two, described protective cover is positioned at the top of saw blade, and described clamping plate one and clamping plate two are fixed on installing plate.Promote electric saw by lever when sawing machine is switched to manual mode and move, realize manually cutting timber; Controller is connected with drive motors, by wire harness, signal is transferred to controller by the gauge tap on lever, make controller control the unlatching of drive motors or close, electric saw is opened in realization when cutting, close electric saw when not cutting, reach the purpose saved production cost, wire harness makes the handle arrangement compactness between clamping plate one and clamping plate two, preventing that wire harness is at random affects production, makes handle more attractive in appearance simultaneously; Protective cover covers saw blade, prevents that saw blade from contacting with the workman, guaranteed production safety.
As another kind of situation; in above-mentioned sawing machine; described handle is wireless controller; described wireless controller comprises lever and connecting plate, on described lever, is fixed with wireless launcher, on described installing plate, is fixed with wireless receiver; described wireless receiver is connected with controller; described lever one end is fixed on connecting plate, and the described connecting plate other end is fixed with protective cover, and described protective cover is positioned at the top of saw blade.Promote electric saw by lever when sawing machine is switched to manual mode and move, realize manually cutting timber; Wireless receiver is connected with drive motors; by the wireless launcher on lever, transmit; make wireless receiver control the unlatching of drive motors or close; electric saw is opened in realization when cutting; close electric saw when not cutting; reach the purpose saved production cost, on connecting plate fixedly protective cover saw blade is covered, guarantee safety in production.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, one end of described installing plate is fixed with the rollback sensor, described rollback sensor can be when electric saw moves to frame one end and frame touch and trigger the rollback sensor, the other end of described installing plate is fixed with from lock sensor, described from lock sensor can be when electric saw moves to the frame other end and frame touch and trigger from lock sensor, be fixed with controller on described installing plate, described rollback sensor with from lock sensor, all with controller, be connected.During the electric saw automated movement, before starting working, electric saw is positioned at an end of passage, now movable motor is closed condition, make from lock sensor and frame touching by mobile electric saw, from lock sensor, by circuit, signal is passed to controller, controller is controlled the movable motor forward, movable motor drives electric saw and moves, and drive motors is opened and driven saw blade rotation cutting timber simultaneously; When electric saw moves to the other end of passage, rollback sensor and frame touching, the rollback sensor is passed to controller by circuit by signal, and controller is controlled the movable motor reversion, and movable motor drives the electric saw rollback, and now drive motors is closed; When electric saw return back to an end of passage, from lock sensor and frame touching, from lock sensor, by circuit, signal is passed to controller, controller cuts out movable motor, completes an operation, so circulation; Can get back to initial position after electric saw has cut timber by said process, realize the automated movement of electric saw, the end operation that the workman only need stand in sawing machine gets final product, and reduces workman's the amount of labour, increases work efficiency.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, there is the passage passed through for saw blade on described workbench, described saw blade top is positioned at the top of workbench through passage, be fixed with slide rail one and slide rail two on the following table of described workbench, described slide rail one, slide rail two and passage are parallel to each other, described slide rail one and slide rail two are positioned at the same side of passage, the relative slide rail two of described slide rail one is near passage, be rotatably connected to some pulleys one on described installing plate, described pulley one can roll along slide rail one, be rotatably connected to pulley two on the housing of described drive motors, described pulley two can roll along slide rail two.Slide rail one and slide rail two all are arranged on the following table of workbench, and saw blade directly is fixed on the top that its top on drive motors is located in workbench, just can realize the cutting to timber, make the sawing machine compact conformation, can guarantee the stability of electric saw when cutting; The saw blade major part is positioned at the workbench below simultaneously, has reduced the danger when workman produces; Electric saw can be stable between slide rail one and slide rail two along traveling priority, vibration when slide rail one and slide rail two can disperse electric saw cutting timber, reduce noise, avoids occurring resonance.
In above-mentioned sawing machine, there are some Cooling Holes on described installing plate, described Cooling Holes is circular arc to be arranged, and described drive motors has air outlet, and described Cooling Holes is connected with the air outlet of drive motors, and described Cooling Holes is towards saw blade.Drive motors need to carry out cooling to self, therefore drive motors has the ability of manufacturing airflow circulating, the air blown out from the air outlet of drive motors forms cooling air by Cooling Holes, cooling wind is carried out cooling down to saw blade to saw blade, prevent the excess Temperature of saw blade, and saw blade is in fast rotational, cooling air can flow through the surface of saw blade, can guarantee saw blade integral body is lowered the temperature uniformly, make saw blade integral body remain under safe temperature, increase the service life of saw blade.
Compared with prior art, this sawing machine has the following advantages:
1, rotate to drive electric saw by the walking guide wheel at conductor rope, rollback sensor and can realize the Stroke Control of the automated movement of electric saw from lock sensor, while guaranteeing the timber surface trimming, cut surface is smooth, reduces artificial use, saves production cost.
The conversion of the automatic and manual mode control of 2, by the tensioning of controlling conductor rope or the realization that relaxes, electric saw being moved, easy to operate, switching is quick, makes the application of sawing machine more extensive, the increase market competitiveness
3, by the air-flow that drive motors is produced, by Cooling Holes, guide on saw blade, realize the purpose of cooling saw blade, simple in structure, and saw blade swashs the motor driving owing to altering, the saw blade rotating speed is faster, alter that to swash the air-flow that motor produces larger, so the intensity of cooling air is directly proportional to the rotating speed of saw blade, guarantees that saw blade always works under safe temperature.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that in the utility model, electric saw is arranged on workbench.
Fig. 2 is the position relationship schematic top plan view of movable motor conductor rope in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the position view of conductor rope winding on the walking guide wheel in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of conductor rope in the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of conductor rope in tensioning state in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of conductor rope in relaxed state in the utility model.
Fig. 7 is that in the utility model, fixed bar is hinged on the side-looking structural representation on holder.
Fig. 8 is wired handle and the fixing schematic diagram that reaches the wire harness distribution of protective cover in the utility model embodiment mono-.
Fig. 9 is wired handle and installing plate fixed position cross-sectional view in the utility model embodiment mono-.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of installing plate and Cooling Holes in the utility model.
Figure 11 is the controller principle block diagram in the utility model embodiment mono-.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of adjustable plate in the utility model.
Figure 13 is the cross-sectional view of slide rail one in the utility model.
Figure 14 is the cross-sectional view of slide rail two in the utility model.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the dust suction subassembly in the utility model embodiment mono-.
Figure 16 is the position relationship schematic diagram that in the utility model, the angulation dish is arranged on workbench.
Figure 17 is the structural relation schematic diagram of angulation dish in the utility model.
Figure 18 is the cross-sectional view of location structure in the utility model embodiment mono-.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of wireless controller in the utility model embodiment tri-.
Figure 20 is wireless controller and installing plate fixed position cross-sectional view in the utility model embodiment tri-.
Figure 21 is the controller principle block diagram in the utility model embodiment six.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the dust suction subassembly in the utility model embodiment five.
In figure, 111, frame; 121, workbench; 122, passage; 131, installing plate; 132, Cooling Holes; 133, connection jaws; 141, drive motors; 142, gear-box; 143, casing; 144, power shaft; 147, air outlet; 151, movable motor; 152, fixed head; 181, saw blade; 211, angulation dish; 214, hinge hole; 221, dwang; 231, backstay; 232, bar section; 233, butting section; 234, connecting portion; 241, joystick; 242, rotation section; 243, handle portion; 251, jointed shaft; 261, adjustment hole; 311, slide rail one; 312, fixed part one; 313, body one; 314, chute one; 315, lug boss one; 316, lug boss two; 317, limiting section; 321, slide rail two; 322, fixed part two; 323, body two; 324, chute two; 325, lug boss three; 326, lug boss four; 327, fixed part three; 331, pulley one; 341, pulley two; 351, adjustable plate; 361, locating hole one; 362, locating hole two; 411, conductor rope; 412, steel wire rope; 413, rubber sleeve; 421, walking guide wheel; 422, guided wheel slot; 423, limited impression; 431, fixed bar; 441, holder; 451, turning handle; 461, connecting rod; 511, connecting plate; 514, clamping plate one; 514a, line outlet one; 515, clamping plate two; 521, lever; 522, grip part; 523, shank; 531, gauge tap; 532, wire harness; 533, wireless launcher; 541, pad; 542, line outlet two; 551, pressure strip; 561, protective cover; 611, saw; 612, vacuum chamber; 613, suction port; 621, lid; 631, flange; 632, kink; 643, gas outlet; 651, turning cylinder; 652, dust absorption fan; 653, belt pulley one; 654, belt; 661, driving shaft; 662, driven wheel; 663, belt pulley two; 671, dust catcher; 672, hose; 681, collecting bag; 711, rollback sensor; 721, from lock sensor; 731, single-chip microcomputer; 732, PLC Programmable Logic Controller.
The specific embodiment
Be below specific embodiment of the utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is further described, but the utility model be not limited to these embodiment.
Embodiment mono-
A kind of sawing machine, sawing machine comprises frame 111, the electric saw that is fixed on the workbench 121 on frame 111 and can slides along workbench 121, electric saw comprises for manually promoting the handle that electric saw moves, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, sawing machine also comprises conductor rope 411 and fixed bar 431, conductor rope 411 is arranged along the electric saw glide direction, conductor rope 411 comprises steel wire rope 412 and the rubber sleeve 413 that steel wire rope 412 is wrapped up, one end of conductor rope 411 is fixed on frame 111 1 sides, the other end of conductor rope 411 is fixed on fixed bar 431, fixed bar 431 is positioned at frame 111 opposite sides, be provided with the distance that can regulate between fixed bar 431 and frame 111 1 sides between fixed bar 431 and frame 111 and make conductor rope 411 tensionings or lax governor motion, be provided with between electric saw and conductor rope 411 and can when conductor rope 411 tensioning, drive the movable motor 151 that electric saw moves along conductor rope 411, in the present embodiment one, movable motor 151 is stepper motor.
As shown in Figures 5 to 7, governor motion comprises holder 441 and turning handle 451, holder 441 is fixed on frame 111, one end of fixed bar 431 and conductor rope 411 are fixing, the other end of fixed bar 431 and holder 441 are hinged, and an end of turning handle 451 is for controlling end, and the other end of turning handle 451 and holder 441 are hinged, be provided with connecting rod 461 between turning handle 451 and fixed bar 431, connecting rod 461 two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar 431 middle parts and turning handle 451 middle parts respectively.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, electric saw comprises installing plate 131, saw blade 181, is fixed on the drive motors 141 of installing plate 131 1 sides and can controls drive motors 141 and the controller of movable motor 151 operations, in the present embodiment one, drive motors 141 is for altering sharp motor, and controller is single-chip microcomputer 731; Saw blade 181 is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors 141, and saw blade 181 is positioned at the opposite side of installing plate 131, is fixed with fixed head 152 on the housing of drive motors 141, and fixed head 152 is parallel with installing plate 131, and movable motor 151 is fixed on fixed head 152.Be fixed with walking guide wheel 421 on the output shaft of movable motor 151, walking guide wheel 421 is between installing plate 131 and fixed head 152, there is ringwise guided wheel slot 422 on the outer wheel face of walking guide wheel 421, the cross section of guided wheel slot 422 is rectangular, there is ringwise limited impression 423 on the groove bottom of guided wheel slot 422, conductor rope 411 windings are on walking guide wheel 421, conductor rope 411 be positioned at the walking guide wheel 421 moving direction the place aheads one section groove bottom with guided wheel slot 422 tangent, conductor rope 411 be positioned at the walking guide wheel 421 moving direction rears one section groove bottom with limited impression 423 tangent.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, handle is wired handle, wired handle comprises clamping plate 1, clamping plate 2 515 and lever 521, be fixed with gauge tap 531 on lever 521, clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 laminatings are fixing, be fixed with wire harness 532 between clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515, in the present embodiment one, wire harness 532 is flexible harness; Wire harness 532 connects gauge tap 531 and controller, on clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515, also is fixed with protective cover 561, and protective cover 561 is positioned at the top of saw blade 181, and clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are fixed on installing plate 131.Be fixed with pad 541 on installing plate 131, pad 541 is between clamping plate 1 and installing plate 131, and the thickness of pad 541 is identical with the distance between saw blade 181 and installing plate 131.Clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are positioned at same plane with saw blade 181, and saw blade 181 is wrapped up, and increase security.Be fixed with pressure strip 551 on installing plate 131, clamping plate 1 and clamping plate 2 515 are between pressure strip 551 and installing plate 131, and pressure strip 551 is bolted on installing plate 131.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, clamping plate 1 and pad 541 against a side on offer line outlet one 514a, pad 541 middle parts have line outlet 2 542, there is connection jaws 133 on installing plate 131, line outlet one 514a, line outlet 2 542 and connection jaws 133 are interconnected, controller is fixed on connection jaws 133 places, and wire harness 532 is connected with controller with line outlet 2 542 through line outlet one 514a.Lever 521 comprises grip part 522 and shank 523, the workbench 121 of grip part 522 relative sawing machines tilts, the inclination angle size of the workbench 121 of grip part 522 relative sawing machines is 50 °~70 °, in the present embodiment one, inclination angle is 60 °, and gauge tap 531 is positioned at the side of grip part 522 towards shank 523.Grip part 522 workbench 121 tilt can facilitate the workman to promote electric saw, and gauge tap 531 is positioned at grip part 522 can prevent workman's maloperation towards a side of shank 523.
As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, one end of installing plate 131 is fixed with rollback sensor 711, rollback sensor 711 can be when electric saw moves to passage 122 1 end and frame 111 touch and trigger rollback sensor 711, the other end of installing plate 131 is fixed with from lock sensor 721, from lock sensor 721 can be when electric saw moves to passage 122 other end and frame 111 touch and trigger from lock sensor 721, be fixed with controller on installing plate 131, rollback sensor 711 with from lock sensor 721, all with controller, be connected, movable motor 151 all is connected with controller with drive motors 141.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 12 to Figure 14, there is the passage 122 passed through for saw blade 181 on workbench 121, saw blade 181 tops are positioned at the top of workbench 121 through passage 122, be fixed with slide rail 1 and slide rail 2 321 on the following table of workbench 121, slide rail 1, slide rail 2 321 and passage 122 are parallel to each other, slide rail 1 and slide rail 2 321 are positioned at the same side of passage 122, the relative slide rail 2 321 of slide rail 1 is near passage 122, drive motors 141 is fixed on installing plate 131, be rotatably connected to some pulleys 1 on installing plate 131, pulley 1 can roll along slide rail 1, be fixed with adjustable plate 351 on the housing of drive motors 141, be rotatably connected to pulley 2 341 on adjustable plate 351, pulley 2 341 can roll along slide rail 2 321.
As shown in figure 13, slide rail 1 comprises fixed part 1 and has the body 1 of chute 1, fixed part 1 is parallel with the cell wall of chute 1, have some fixing holes one on fixed part 1, fixed part 1 passes fixing hole one laminating by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.There is respectively lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 on the both sides cell wall of chute 1, the equal semicircular in shape in cross section of the cross section of lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316, lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 all with the wheel face of pulley 1 against.Pulley 1 can prevent that between lug boss 1 and lug boss 2 316 vibration that the electric saw cutting produces from making the electric saw bob, guarantees the stable of saw blade 181 operations.Slide rail 1 also comprises limiting section 317, and the cross section of limiting section 317 is rectangular, and limiting section 317 is vertical with fixed part 1, the passage 122 walls laminatings of limiting section 317 and passage 122 against.
As shown in figure 14, chute 2 324 comprises fixed part 2 322 and has the body 2 323 of chute 2 324, fixed part 2 322 is parallel with the cell wall of chute 2 324, have some fixing holes two on fixed part 2 322, fixed part 2 322 passes fixing hole two laminatings by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.There is respectively lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 on the both sides cell wall of chute 2 324, the equal semicircular in shape in cross section of the cross section of lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326, lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 all with the wheel face of pulley 2 341 against.Pulley 2 341 can prevent that between lug boss 3 325 and lug boss 4 326 vibration that the electric saw cutting produces from making the electric saw bob, guarantees the stable of saw blade 181 operations.Chute 2 324 also comprises fixed part 3 327, fixed part 3 327 is positioned at same plane with fixed part 2 322, fixed part 2 322 is positioned at the side of body 2 323 near chute 2 324, fixed part 3 327 is positioned at the opposite side of body 2 323, have some fixing holes three on fixed part 3 327, fixed part 3 327 passes fixing hole three laminatings by screw and is fixed on the following table of workbench 121.Body 2 323 is on the following table that is fixed on workbench 121 that can be more stable between fixed part 2 322 and fixed part 3 327.
As shown in figure 12, adjustable plate 351 is triangular in shape, and pulley 2 341 is rotatably connected on one of them edge of adjustable plate 351, and two other edge of adjustable plate 351 offers respectively locating hole 1 and elongated locating hole 2 362.Adjustable plate 351 passes locating hole 1 by screw and locating hole 2 362 is fixed on the housing of drive motors 141, and the position that is positioned at locating hole 2 362 by adjustment screw can be adjusted saw blade 181 and the angle of workbench 121.
As shown in figure 10, there are some Cooling Holes 132 on installing plate 131, Cooling Holes 132 is circular arc and arranges, drive motors 141 has air outlet 147, Cooling Holes 132 is connected with the air outlet 147 of drive motors 141, Cooling Holes 132 is towards saw blade 181, and the air outlet 147 of drive motors 141 close pulleys 1 is towards the air outlet 147 of pulley 1; The air blown out from air outlet 147 can blow off the dust wood chip pulley 1 etc., guarantees the rotation that pulley 1 can be stable, makes the movement of electric saw stable.The diameter of Cooling Holes 132 is 3mm~5mm, and in the present embodiment one, the diameter of Cooling Holes 132 is 4mm; This size can prevent that wood chip from entering in Cooling Holes 132.
As shown in figure 15, be fixed with saw 611 and collecting bag 681 on installing plate 131, form vacuum chamber 612 between saw 611 and installing plate 131, saw blade 181 is positioned at the part of workbench 121 belows in vacuum chamber 612, there is suction port 613 on saw 611, on saw 611, be fixed with can be by the chip in vacuum chamber 612 dust suction subassembly from suction port 613 sucking-offs, dust suction subassembly has gas outlet 643, collecting bag 681 is fixed on 643 places, gas outlet of dust suction subassembly.Saw 611 comprises lid 621 and flange 631, the profile semicircular in shape of lid 621, flange 631 is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place of lid 621, the outer of flange 631 also has kink 632, kink 632 is vertical with flange 631, kink 632 is bolted with installing plate 131, and the place, arc top of kink 632 has suction port 613.
As shown in figure 15, drive motors 141 has gear-box 142, gear-box 142 comprises casing 143 and is rotatably connected on the power shaft 144 on casing 143, dust suction subassembly comprises dust absorption fan 652, belt pulley 1, belt pulley 2 663 and belt 654, saw 611 is positioned at suction port 613 places and is rotatably connected to turning cylinder 651, dust absorption fan 652 is fixed on the end that turning cylinder 651 is positioned at suction port 613, belt pulley 1 is fixed on turning cylinder 651 and is positioned at the outer end of saw 611, be rotatably connected to driving shaft 661 in casing 143, be fixed with driven wheel 662 on driving shaft 661, driven wheel 662 and the input gear engagement be fixed on power shaft 144, belt pulley 2 663 is fixed on driving shaft 661, belt 654 is through casing 143, belt 654 is rotating to be located between belt pulley 1 and belt pulley 2 663.
As shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17, the upper table surface of workbench 121 has draw-in groove, be embedded with cutting orientation angle scale in draw-in groove, cutting orientation angle scale comprises processed timber is play by the dwang 221 of wall effect and is tabular angulation dish 211, the card of angulation dish 211 flushes with the upper table surface of workbench 121, angulation dish 211 has arc-shaped edges, angulation dish 211 is positioned at the arc-shaped edges place to have for demarcating the graduation mark of angle, there is hinge hole 214 on angulation dish 211, hinge hole 214 overlaps with the center of circle of arc-shaped edges, one end of dwang 221 is hinged on hinge hole 214, the other end of dwang 221 can rotate around pin joint along arc-shaped edges, be provided with and dwang 221 can be positioned to the location structure on angulation dish 211 between dwang 221 and angulation dish 211.
As shown in Figure 16 to Figure 18, location structure comprises backstay 231, joystick 241 and be opened in the adjustment hole 261 on angulation dish 211, adjustment hole 261 is for being the strip hole of circular arc, adjustment hole 261 is parallel with arc-shaped edges, dwang 221 middle parts have locating hole, locating hole is connected with adjustment hole 261, backstay 231 comprises bar section 232, be positioned at the butting section 233 and the connecting portion 234 that is positioned at bar section 232 other ends of bar section 232 1 ends, bar section 232 is through locating hole and adjustment hole 261, butting section 233 and angulation dish 211 against, connecting portion 234 is annular, joystick 241 comprises rotation section 242 and handle portion 243, 242 cross section, rotation section is rounded, the side face of rotation section 242 and dwang 221 against, offer through hole on rotation section 242, through hole and rotation section 242 bias, between rotation section 242 and connecting portion 234, by jointed shaft 251, connect, jointed shaft 251 is through connecting portion 234 and through hole.The side face of rotation section 242 and dwang 221 against, due to through hole and rotation section 242 bias, when needs by dwang 221 fixedly the time, by turning to handle portion 243 certain angles, make the distance between jointed shaft 251 and dwang 221 increase, jointed shaft 251 meeting drive connecting portions 234 relatively rotate bar 221 and move up, make between butting section 233 and angulation dish 211 closely against, by the frictional force between butting section 233 and angulation dish 211, dwang 221 is fixed on to current location, in the time of need to unclamping dwang 221, turning handle section 243 makes the distance between jointed shaft 251 and dwang 221 reduce, frictional force between butting section 233 and angulation dish 211 reduces, dwang 221 can freely rotate.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows: during cutting timber, timber is placed on workbench 121, regulating the position of the dwang 221 of cutting orientation angle scale also fixes, one side of timber is resisted against on dwang 221, now the line of cut on timber is parallel with passage 122, by mobile electric saw, make from lock sensor 721 and frame 111 touchings, by circuit, signal is passed to controller from lock sensor 721, controller is controlled movable motor 151 forwards, movable motor 151 drives electric saw and moves, drive motors 141 is opened and is driven saw blade 181 rotation cutting timber simultaneously, dust absorption fan 652 blows chip to collecting bag 681 recovery, when electric saw moves to the other end of passage 122, timber has cut, rollback sensor 711 and frame 111 touchings, rollback sensor 711 is passed to controller by circuit by signal, controller is controlled movable motor 151 reversions, and movable motor 151 drives the electric saw rollback, and now drive motors 141 is closed, when electric saw return back to an end of passage 122, from lock sensor 721 and frame 111 touchings, from lock sensor 721, by circuit, signal is passed to controller, controller cuts out movable motor 151, completes an operation, when not needing the electric saw surface trimming, when rotation fixed bar 431 makes it parallel with workbench 121, conductor rope 411 is in relaxed state, the guide wheel face not with conductor rope 411 against, there is no enough frictional force, the workman can promote electric saw by handle, by the gauge tap 531 on handle, controls the unlatching of drive motors 141 or closes, and completes the manual cutting to timber.
Embodiment bis-
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-, different place is: governor motion comprises adjustment hole and the nut be opened on frame, nut is fixed in adjustment hole, the middle part of fixed bar offers screw thread, fixed bar passes nut and is connected with nut thread, fixed bar is positioned at end and the conductor rope of frame to be fixed, and fixed bar is positioned at the outer end of frame for controlling end.Rotate fixed bar by controlling end, can be by the conductor rope tensioning when fixed bar moves to certain position outside frame, now by movable motor, control the walking of electric saw, fixed bar can be lax by conductor rope when moving to certain position in frame, now by manually controlling the movement of electric saw.
Embodiment tri-
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-; different place is: as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20; handle is wireless controller; wireless controller comprises lever 521 and connecting plate 511, is fixed with wireless launcher 533 on lever 521, on installing plate 131, is fixed with wireless receiver; wireless receiver is connected with controller; lever 521 1 ends are fixed on connecting plate 511, and connecting plate 511 other ends are fixed with protective cover 561, and protective cover 561 is positioned at the top of saw blade 181.Promote electric saw by lever 521 when sawing machine is switched to manual mode and move, realize manually cutting timber; Wireless receiver is connected with drive motors 141; by the wireless launcher 533 on lever 521, transmit; make wireless receiver control the unlatching of drive motors 141 or close; electric saw is opened in realization when cutting; close electric saw when not cutting; reach the purpose saved production cost, on connecting plate 511 fixedly protective cover 561 saw blade 181 is covered, guarantee safety in production.
Embodiment tetra-
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-, different place is: location structure comprises bolt and is opened in the adjustment hole on the angulation dish, adjustment hole is the strip hole that is circular arc, adjustment hole is parallel with arc-shaped edges, angulation dish and dwang against side be upper disk surface, the another side of angulation dish is lower card, the hole wall of adjustment hole is positioned at lower card and offers annular recessed shoulder, the dwang middle part has locating hole, described locating hole is connected with adjustment hole, bolt is through locating hole and adjustment hole, one end of bolt and dwang against, the other end of bolt is threaded with a hex nut, the side face of hex nut nut and annular recessed shoulder against.Hex nut can move along the recessed shoulder of annular when dwang rotates, at needs by dwang fixedly the time, the rotational positioning bolt make hex nut towards dwang move with the recessed shoulder of annular closely against, by the frictional force between hex nut and angulation dish, dwang is fixed on to current location, in the time of need to unclamping dwang, the reversion bolt obtains hex nut and moves away from the dwang direction, hex nut and and the angulation dish between frictional force reduce, dwang can freely rotate.
Embodiment five
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-, different place is: as shown in figure 22, dust suction subassembly comprises dust catcher 671 and hose 672, one end of hose 672 is connected with suction port 613, the other end of hose 672 is connected with the air inlet of dust catcher 671, and collecting bag 681 is fixed on 643 places, gas outlet of dust catcher 671.Dust catcher 671 by hose 672 by chip from suction port 613 sucking-offs, then by collecting bag 681, scrap collecting is got up.
Embodiment six
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-, and different place is: as shown in figure 21, controller is PLC Programmable Logic Controller 732.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various modifications or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper has more been used frame 111; Workbench 121; Passage 122 terms such as grade, but do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms is only in order to describe more easily and explain essence of the present utility model; They are construed to any additional restriction is all contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (10)

1. a sawing machine, this sawing machine comprises frame (111), the electric saw that is fixed on the workbench (121) on frame (111) and can slides along workbench (121), it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises for manually promoting the handle that electric saw moves, described sawing machine also comprises conductor rope (411) and fixed bar (431), described conductor rope is arranged along the electric saw glide direction, one end of described conductor rope (411) is fixed on frame (111) one ends, the other end of described conductor rope (411) is fixed on fixed bar (431), described fixed bar (431) is positioned at frame (111) other end, be provided with the distance that can regulate between fixed bar (431) and frame (111) one sides between described fixed bar (431) and frame (111) and make conductor rope (411) tensioning or lax governor motion, described conductor rope (411) is provided with and can when conductor rope (411) tensioning, drives the electric saw movable motor (151) mobile along conductor rope (411).
2. sawing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described governor motion comprises holder (441) and turning handle (451), described holder (441) is fixed on frame (111), one end of described fixed bar (431) and conductor rope (411) are fixing, the other end of described fixed bar (431) and holder (441) are hinged, one end of described turning handle (451) is for controlling end, the other end of described turning handle (451) and holder (441) are hinged, be provided with connecting rod (461) between described turning handle (451) and fixed bar (431), described connecting rod (461) two ends are hinged correspondingly with fixed bar (431) middle part and handle (451) middle part respectively.
3. sawing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described governor motion comprises adjustment hole and the nut be opened on frame (111), described nut is fixed in adjustment hole, the middle part of described fixed bar (431) offers screw thread, described fixed bar (431) passes nut and is connected with nut thread, it is fixing that described fixed bar (431) is positioned at end and the conductor rope (411) of frame (111), and described fixed bar (431) is positioned at the outer end of frame (111) for controlling end.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described sawing machines, it is characterized in that, described movable motor (151) is fixed on electric saw, be fixed with walking guide wheel (421) on the output shaft of described movable motor (151), there is ringwise guided wheel slot (422) on the outer wheel face of described walking guide wheel (421), the cross section of described guided wheel slot (422) is rectangular, there is ringwise limited impression (423) on the groove bottom of described guided wheel slot (422), conductor rope (411) winding is on walking guide wheel (421), described conductor rope (411) be positioned at the walking guide wheel (421) moving direction the place ahead one section groove bottom with guided wheel slot (422) tangent, described conductor rope (411) be positioned at the walking guide wheel (421) moving direction rear one section groove bottom with limited impression (423) tangent.
5. sawing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electric saw comprises installing plate (131), saw blade (181), be fixed on the drive motors (141) of installing plate (131) one sides and can control drive motors (141) and the controller of movable motor (151) operation, described saw blade (181) is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors (141), described saw blade (181) is positioned at the opposite side of installing plate (131), be fixed with fixed head (152) on the housing of described drive motors (141), described fixed head (152) is parallel with installing plate (131), above-mentioned movable motor (151) is fixed on fixed head (152).
6. sawing machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described handle is wired handle, described wired handle comprises clamping plate one (514), clamping plate two (515) and lever (521), be fixed with gauge tap (531) on described lever (521), described clamping plate one (514) and clamping plate two (515) laminatings are fixing, be fixed with wire harness (532) between described clamping plate one (514) and clamping plate two (515), described wire harness (532) connects gauge tap (531) and controller, also be fixed with protective cover (561) on described clamping plate one (514) and clamping plate two (515), described protective cover (561) is positioned at the top of saw blade (181), described clamping plate one (514) and clamping plate two (515) are fixed on installing plate (131).
7. sawing machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described handle is wireless controller, described wireless controller comprises lever (521) and connecting plate (511), be fixed with wireless launcher (533) on described lever (521), described installing plate is fixed with wireless receiver on (131), described wireless receiver is connected with controller, described lever (521) one ends are fixed on connecting plate (511), described connecting plate (511) other end is fixed with protective cover (561), described protective cover (561) is positioned at the top of saw blade (181).
8. according to claim 5 or 6 or 7 described sawing machines, it is characterized in that, one end of described installing plate (131) is fixed with rollback sensor (711), described rollback sensor (711) can be when electric saw moves to frame (a 111) end and frame (111) touch and trigger rollback sensor (711), the other end of described installing plate (131) is fixed with from lock sensor (721), described from lock sensor (721) can be when electric saw moves to frame (111) other end and frame (111) touch and trigger from lock sensor (721), described installing plate is fixed with controller on (131), described rollback sensor (711) with from lock sensor (721), all with controller, be connected.
9. according to claim 5 or 6 or 7 described sawing machines, it is characterized in that, there is the passage (122) passed through for saw blade (181) on described workbench (121), described saw blade (181) top is positioned at the top of workbench (121) through passage (122), be fixed with slide rail one (311) and slide rail two (321) on the following table of described workbench (121), described slide rail one (311), slide rail two (321) and passage (122) are parallel to each other, described slide rail one (311) and slide rail two (321) are positioned at the same side of passage (122), the relative slide rail two (321) of described slide rail one (311) is near passage (122), be rotatably connected to some pulleys one (331) on described installing plate (131), described pulley one (331) can roll along slide rail one (311), be rotatably connected to pulley two (341) on the housing of described drive motors (141), described pulley two (341) can roll along slide rail two (321).
10. according to claim 5 or 6 or 7 described sawing machines, it is characterized in that, there are some Cooling Holes (132) on described installing plate (131), described Cooling Holes (132) is circular arc and arranges, described drive motors (141) has air outlet (147), one end of the described Cooling Holes of drive motors (132) is towards the air outlet of drive motors (141), and the other end of described Cooling Holes (132) is towards saw blade (181).
CN201320477838.0U 2013-08-06 2013-08-06 Sawing machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN203380958U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103358358A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-10-23 颜夏根 Sawing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103358358A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-10-23 颜夏根 Sawing machine

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