CN103239198A - Endoscope and wireless transmission system thereof - Google Patents

Endoscope and wireless transmission system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103239198A
CN103239198A CN2012100281788A CN201210028178A CN103239198A CN 103239198 A CN103239198 A CN 103239198A CN 2012100281788 A CN2012100281788 A CN 2012100281788A CN 201210028178 A CN201210028178 A CN 201210028178A CN 103239198 A CN103239198 A CN 103239198A
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China
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image
lens
wafer level
endoscope
image sensor
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CN2012100281788A
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Chinese (zh)
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周益成
钟永哲
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恒景科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2012100281788A priority Critical patent/CN103239198A/en
Publication of CN103239198A publication Critical patent/CN103239198A/en

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Abstract

Disclosed are an endoscope and a wireless transmission system thereof. The endoscope is used for being matched with a display device and comprises a pipe, a tail end portion and a holding portion. The tail end portion is coupled at the tail end of the pipe and comprises a first wafer-level image sensor which is used for retrieving at least one first image. The holding portion is coupled at the near end of the pipe and comprises a transmitter which sends the at least one first image to the display device through a wireless connection line.

Description

内视镜及其无线传输系统【技术领域】 The endoscope and a wireless transmission system FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关一种内视镜,特别是关于一种内视镜及其无线传输系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an in-endoscope, particularly to an endoscope and a wireless transmission system.

【背景技术】 【Background technique】

[0002] 内视镜是一种可插入器官以诊察器官内部的仪器。 [0002] The endoscope is inserted into an internal organ to organ examination instrument. 内视镜通常包括一可弯曲的管子和一镜头系统,其中此镜头系统一般是设置在管子的末端,用来收集器官内部的影像。 The endoscope typically comprises a flexible tube and a lens system in which this lens system is generally provided at the end of the pipe to collect the image of the internal organs. 所撷取的影像会透过一有线连线(例如传输线Transmission Line)被传送至一外部的显示荧幕,以供使用者(如医生)检视。 The captured image will be transmitted to an external display screen via a wired connection (e.g. transmission line Transmission Line), for the user (e.g., physician) to view. 然而,使用者必须一边操作内视镜,同时观看所撷取的影像,实在很不方便。 However, the user must while operating the endoscope while viewing the captured image, it is very convenient.

[0003] 此外,为了缩小内视镜的尺寸,需要在镜头系统的制程多下功夫,如此便提高了整体成本。 [0003] Further, in order to reduce the size of the endoscope, the lens system requires more effort manufacturing process, so it increases the overall cost. 考量成本及实用性,由于传统内视镜不仅价钱高,且无法方便地观看所撷取的影像,因此,亟需提出一种新颖的内视镜,期能排除上述问题。 Considerations of cost and practicality, not only because of the traditional endoscopic high price, and can not easily view the captured images, therefore, arisen to propose a novel endoscope, to get rid of the problems described above.

【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

[0004] 鉴于上述,本发明实施例的目的之一在于提出一种内视镜,其末端是由晶圆级成像模块构成,且透过无线连线来传输影像,因此不仅可降低内视镜的整体成本,亦可便于操作内视镜。 [0004] In view of the above, one object of embodiments of the present invention is to propose an endoscope, which is constituted by the end of the imaging module wafer level, and to transmit the image via a wireless connection, and therefore the endoscope can be reduced not only overall cost, can facilitate the operation of the endoscope.

[0005] 本发明是揭示一种内视镜,是用来搭配一显示装置,其包括一管子、一末端部及一掌握部。 [0005] The present invention discloses an endoscope, is used with a display device comprising a tube, a tip portion and a control portion. 末端部是耦接于管子的一末端,包括一第一晶圆级影像感测器(wafer-levelimage sensor),用来撷取至少一第一影像。 End portion is coupled to one end of the tube, comprising a first image sensor wafer stage (wafer-levelimage sensor), for capturing at least a first image. 掌握部是耦接于管子的一近端,包括一传送器,其透过一无线连线将第一影像发送至显示装置。 A control unit is coupled to the proximal end of the tube, comprising a transmitter which transmits the first image via a wireless connection to the display device.

[0006] 本发明又揭示一种无线传输系统,包括一内视镜及一显示装置。 [0006] The present invention also discloses a wireless transmission system, comprising an endoscope and a display device. 内视镜包括一管子、一末端部及一掌握部。 The endoscope comprises a tube, a tip portion and a control portion. 末端部是耦接于管子的一末端,包括一第一晶圆级影像感测器,用来撷取至少一第一影像。 End portion is coupled to one end of the tube, comprising a first wafer level image sensor, for capturing at least a first image. 掌握部是耦接于管子的一近端,包括一传送器,其透过一无线连线将第一影像发送至显示装置。 A control unit is coupled to the proximal end of the tube, comprising a transmitter which transmits the first image via a wireless connection to the display device. 显示装置包括一透过无线连线来接收第一影像的接收器以及至少一用来显示第一影像的镜片。 The display device comprises a receiver to receive a first image via a wireless connection, and at least a first lens for displaying an image.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007] 图1为本发明一实施例的无线传输系统的架构示意图。 [0007] Fig 1 a schematic architecture of a wireless transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0008] 图2为本发明一实施例的末端部的立体图。 [0008] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an end portion according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0009] 图3为本发明一实施例的无线传输系统的功能方块图。 [0009] FIG. 3 is a functional block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0010] 图4为本发明另一实施例的末端部的立体图。 [0010] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an end portion according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0011] I 无线传输系统 [0011] I a wireless transmission system

[0012] 10 内视镜 [0012] 10 mirror

[0013] 11 管子 [0013] 11 tube

[0014] 13 末端部[0015] 15 掌握部 [0014] The end portion 13 [0015] 15 control unit

[0016] 17 显示装置 [0016] The display device 17

[0017] 175 镜片 [0017] 175 lenses

[0018] 21 外壳 [0018] 21 housing

[0019] 151 第一处理器 [0019] The first processor 151

[0020] 153 传送器 [0020] 153 transmitter

[0021] 171 第二处理器 [0021] The second processor 171

[0022] 173 接收器 [0022] Receiver 173

[0023] 23、23a、23b 晶圆级成像模块 [0023] 23,23a, 23b wafer-level imaging module

[0024] 231、23 la、23 Ib 晶圆级镜头 [0024] 231,23 la, 23 Ib wafer-level lens

[0025] 233、233a、233b 晶圆级影像感测器 [0025] 233,233a, 233b wafer level image sensor

[0026] 25、25a、25b 开孔 [0026] 25,25a, 25b opening

【具体实施方式】 【Detailed ways】

[0027] 请参考图1,为本发明一实施例的无线传输系统的架构示意图。 [0027] Referring to FIG. 1, a schematic diagram of the architecture of a wireless transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图1所示,无线传输系统I包括一内视镜10及一显不装置17。 As shown in FIG. 1, a wireless transmission system I comprises an endoscope 10 and a device 17 is not significant. 内视镜10包括一管子11 一末端部13及一掌握部15。 The endoscope 10 comprises a control portion 13 and a distal end portion 1511 of a tube. 具体来说,末端部13是耦接于管子11的末端,掌握部15是耦接于管子11的近端。 Specifically, the end portion 13 is coupled to the end of the tube 11, the control unit 15 is coupled to the proximal end 11 of the tube.

[0028] 请同时参考图2,为本发明一实施例的末端部13的立体图。 [0028] Please refer to FIG. 2, a perspective view of the end portion 13 to an example of embodiment of the present invention. 如图2所示,末端部13主要包括一晶圆级成像模块23 (wafer-level imaging module)(或简称晶圆级模块(WLM)),其包括一晶圆级影像感测器(wafer-level image sensor) 233以及一晶圆级镜头(wafer-level optics) 2310晶圆级影像感测器233是坐落在管子11的末端的表面,且可为一互补金氧半导体(CMOS)影像感测器(通常缩写成CIS),但不以此为限于。 As shown, the tip portion 132 includes a wafer level image module 23 (wafer-level imaging module) (or referred to as a wafer level module (WLM)), which comprises a wafer level image sensor (wafer- level image sensor) 233 and a wafer level lens (wafer-level optics) 2310 wafer level image sensor 233 is located at the end surface of the tube 11, and may be (cMOS) image sensor is a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (commonly abbreviated as CIS), but is not limited thereto. 晶圆级镜头231,如一镜头,是位于远离管子11的末端处,且可由玻璃制成,但不以揭露者为限。 Wafer-level lens 231, such as a lens, is located at the far end of the tube 11, and may be made of glass, but not limited to those disclosed. 晶圆级影像感测器233是与晶圆级镜头231黏合在一起,例如使用一胶粘剂。 Wafer level image sensor 233 is a wafer-level lens 231 bonded together, for example using an adhesive. 与传统的内视镜相比,本发明的内视镜利用大量生产及低成本的半导体技术来制造内视镜的成像系统。 Compared with the conventional endoscope, the endoscope according to the present invention using a semiconductor technology for mass production and cost of manufacturing the endoscopic imaging system. 晶圆级模块23是一种使用半导体技术在晶圆层级中组装微小镜头的技术,晶圆级成像模块的制程细节可参考美国专利第7,564, 496号,由Wolterink等人提出的” Camera device,method of manufacturing a camera device, wafer scale package,,。 Wafer level module 23 is assembled using a semiconductor technology in wafer micro lens hierarchy technology, the details of the process wafer level imaging module may refer to U.S. Patent No. 7,564 496 first, proposed by Wolterink et al. "Camera device, method of manufacturing a camera device, wafer scale package ,,.

[0029] 末端部13更包括一外壳(holder) 21,用来覆盖内含晶圆级影像感测器233与晶圆级镜头231的晶圆级模块23。 [0029] The end portion 13 further comprises a housing (holder) 21, for covering the contents of a wafer level image sensor 233 and the wafer-level lens module 231 of the wafer level 23. 一实施例中,外壳21在晶圆级模块23上具有一开孔25,并与之对齐。 In one embodiment, the housing 21 has an opening 25 at a wafer level module 23, and aligned. 如此一来,晶圆级影像感测器233便可透过开孔25撷取影像。 As a result, wafer-level image sensor 233 can capture images through the opening 25.

[0030] 为了方便操作,本实施例的晶圆级影像感测器233所撷取的影像系直接被传至显示装置17的镜片175上显示。 [0030] For ease of operation, the wafer level image sensor 233 of the present embodiment is directly captured image is transmitted to the display device based on the lens 17517 is displayed. 图3为本发明一实施例的无线传输系统的功能方块图。 FIG 3 is a functional block diagram of a wireless transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图3所示,掌握部15包括一第一处理器151及一传送器153。 3, the control section 15 includes a first processor 151 and a transmitter 153. 第一处理器151是用来控制内视镜10的操作,例如,控制晶圆级影像感测器233撷取影像。 The first processor 151 is used to control the operation of the endoscope 10, for example, the control wafer level image sensor 233 to capture images. 传送器153便可透过一无线连线将所撷取的影像发送至显示装置17。 The transmitter 153 can send captured image to the display device 17 via a wireless connection.

[0031] 具体来说,显示装置17可为一头戴式显示器,但不以此为限于。 [0031] Specifically, the display device 17 may be a head mounted display, but is not limited thereto. 显示装置17包括一第二处理器171、一接收器173及一镜片175 (如右镜片)。 The display device 17 includes a second processor 171, a receiver 173 and a lens 175 (the lens at right). 接收器173透过无线连线来接收传送器153传来的影像。 The receiver 173 receives the transmitted video transmitter 153 through a wireless connection. 第二处理器171系用来控制显示装置17的操作,例如,控制接收器173接收影像,并将收到的影像转换成适当格式,以将其直接显示在镜片175上。 The second processor system 171 for controlling the operation of the display device 17, for example, the control receiver 173 receives an image, and converts the received image into an appropriate format to be displayed directly on the lens 175. 一实施例中,影像可显示在单一镜片175(左镜片或右镜片)或头戴式显示器的两镜片175上。 In one embodiment, two images may be displayed on a single lens 175 in the lens 175 (or the left lens and right lens) or a head-mounted display.

[0032] 最后,请参考图4,为本发明另一实施例的末端部的立体图。 [0032] Finally, please refer to FIG. 4, present a perspective view of an end portion according to another embodiment of the present invention. 末端部13亦可包括左右两个晶圆级I旲块23a、23b,分别包括左晶圆级影像感测器231a和左晶圆级镜头233a以及右晶圆级影像感测器231b和右晶圆级镜头233b。 Left and right end portion 13 also comprises two wafer stages I Dae blocks 23a, 23b, each comprising a left wafer level image sensor wafer-level lens 231a and 233a and the left and right wafer level image sensor 231b and the right crystal round lens 233b. 左晶圆级|旲块23a及右晶圆级|旲块23b是并排地设置在外壳21中。 Left wafer level | Dae blocks 23a and right wafer level | Dae block 23b are disposed side by side in the housing 21. 左晶圆级影像感测器231a可透过开孔25a撷取至少一左影像,且右晶圆级影像感测器231b可透过开孔25b撷取至少一右影像。 Left wafer level image sensor 231a may retrieve at least a left-eye image 25a through the opening, and the right wafer level image sensor 231b may retrieve at least one of the right image 25b through the opening. 如此一来,第一处理器151便将所撷取的左影像及右影像处理成一3D影像,且3D影像藉由传送器153发送至头戴式显示器的镜片175上显示。 Thus, the first processor 151 to put the captured left and right images processed into a 3D image, and a 3D image transmitted by the lens 175 on the conveyor 153 to the display head-mounted display. 具体来说,左镜片175显示了3D影像的左影像,右镜片175显示了3D影像的右影像。 Specifically, the left lens 175 shows a 3D image of the left image, the right lens 175 showing the right image 3D image. 此外,外壳21的形状除了如例示中的圆柱体,以便符合管子11的形状,亦可采用方体。 Further, in addition to the shape of the housing 21 as illustrated in the cylinder, in order to conform to the shape of the tube 11, also with square body.

[0033] 根据上述实施例,本发明所提出的内视镜系整合了晶圆级模块及无线通讯系统,以便于操作并无线地传输所撷取的影像,供使用者观看或诊察。 [0033] According to the embodiment described above, the endoscope system proposed by the present invention a wafer level integration module and the wireless communication system, to facilitate handling and wirelessly transmit the captured images for user viewing or examination.

[0034] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用以限定本发明的申请专利范围;凡其它未脱离发明所揭示的精神下所完成的等效改变或修饰,均应包含在申请专利范围内。 [0034] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention patent application; other where the disclosed invention without departing from the spirit of the completed modifications may, insofar in the claims.

Claims (20)

1.一种内视镜,是用来搭配一显示装置,包含: 一管子; 一末端部,稱接于该管子的一末端,包含: 一第一晶圆级影像感测器,用来撷取至少一第一影像'及一掌握部,耦接于该管子的一近端,包含: 一传送器,透过一无线连线将该第一影像发送至该显示装置。 An endoscope is used with a display device, comprising: a tube; a tip portion connected to said one end of the tube, comprising: a first wafer level image sensor, for captures taking at least a first image 'and a control unit, coupled to a proximal end of the tube, comprising: a transmitter transmitting the first image to the display device via a wireless connection.
2.如权利要求1所述的内视镜,其中该显示装置为一头戴式显示器,其包含: 一接收器,透过该无线连线来接收该第一影像'及至少一镜片,用来显示该第一影像。 2. The endoscope according to claim 1, wherein the display device is a head mounted display, comprising: a receiver to receive the first image 'and at least one lens through the wireless connection, with displaying the first image.
3.如权利要求2所述的内视镜,其中该末端部还包含: 一第一晶圆级镜头,与该第一晶圆级影像感测器粘合; 其中,该第一晶圆级影像感测器是坐落在该管子的末端的表面,且该第一晶圆级镜头是位于远离该管子的末端处。 3. The endoscope according to claim 2, wherein the tip portion further comprising: a first wafer-level lens, the wafer level bonding the first image sensor; wherein, the first wafer stage the image sensor is located at the end of the tube surface, and the first lens wafer stage is located at the far end of the tube.
4.如权利要求3所述的内视镜,其中还包含: 一外壳,设置来覆盖该末端部。 The endoscope as claimed in claim 3, further comprising: a housing arranged to cover the end portion.
5.如权利要求4所述的内视镜,其中该掌握部还包含: 一第一处理器,用来控制该内视镜的操作。 5. The endoscope according to claim 4, wherein the master unit further comprises: a first processor for controlling the operation of the endoscope.
6.如权利要求5所述的内视镜,其中该显示装置还包含: 一第二处理器,用来控制该显示装置的操作,并将该第一影像转换成适当格式以显示。 The endoscope as claimed in claim 5, wherein the display apparatus further comprises: a second processor for controlling operation of the display device, and the first image is converted into the appropriate format for display.
7.如权利要求6所述的内视镜,其中该末端部还包含: 一第二晶圆级影像感测器,用来撷取至少一第二影像'及一第二晶圆级镜头,与该第二晶圆级影像感测器粘合; 其中,该第二晶圆级影像感测器是坐落在该管子的末端的表面,且该第二晶圆级镜头是位于远离该管子的末端处。 7. The endoscope according to claim 6, wherein the tip portion further comprises: a second wafer level image sensor, for capturing at least a second image ', and a second wafer level lens, bonding the second wafer level image sensor module; wherein the second wafer level image sensor is located at the end of the tube surface, and the second wafer level lens is located away from the pipe at the end.
8.如权利要求7所述的内视镜,其中该第一处理器将所撷取的该第一影像及该第二影像处理成一3D影像,且该3D影像藉由该传送器发送至该镜片上显示。 8. The endoscope according to claim 7, wherein the first image captured by the first processor and the second image processing into a 3D image, the 3D image and sent to the transmitter by the lens on display.
9.如权利要求7所述的内视镜,其中该第一晶圆级影像感测器及该第二晶圆级影像感测器包含一互补金氧半导体影像感测器。 9. The endoscope according to claim 7, wherein the first wafer level image sensor and the second wafer level image sensor comprises a complementary metal oxide semiconductor image sensor.
10.如权利要求7所述的内视镜,其中该第一晶圆级镜头及该第二晶圆级镜头包含一镜头。 10. The endoscope according to claim 7, wherein the first lens and the wafer level lens comprises a second lens wafer level.
11.如权利要求10所述的内视镜,其中该镜头是由玻璃制成。 11. The endoscope according to claim 10, wherein the lens is made of glass.
12.如权利要求7所述的内视镜,其中该外壳具有至少一开孔位于该第一晶圆级镜头及该第二晶圆级镜头之上。 12. The endoscope according to claim 7, wherein the housing has at least one aperture located between the first lens and the wafer stage on the second wafer level lens.
13.如权利要求4所述的内视镜,其中该外壳为方体或圆柱体。 13. The endoscope according to claim 4, wherein the housing is square or cylinder.
14.一种无线传输系统,包含: 一内视镜,包含: 一管子; 一末端部,稱接于该管子的一末端,包含: 一第一晶圆级影像感测器,用来撷取至少一第一影像;及一掌握部,耦接于该管子的一近端,包含: 一传送器,透过一无线连线传送该第一影像;及一显示装置,包含: 一接收器,透过该无线连线来接收该第一影像'及至少一镜片,用来显示该第一影像。 14. A wireless transmission system comprising: an endoscope, comprising: a tube; a tip portion connected to said one end of the tube, comprising: a first wafer level image sensor, for capturing at least a first image; and a control unit, coupled to a proximal end of the tube, comprising: a transmitter transmitting the first image via a wireless connection; and a display device, comprising: a receiver receiving via the wireless connection to the first image 'and at least one lens, for displaying the first image.
15.如权利要求14所述的无线传输系统,其中该显示装置为一头戴式显示器。 15. The wireless transmission system according to claim 14, wherein the display device is a head-mounted display.
16.如权利要求14所述的无线传输系统,其中该末端部还包含: 一第一晶圆级镜头,与该第一晶圆级影像感测器粘合; 其中,该第一晶圆级影像感测器是坐落在该管子的末端的表面,且该第一晶圆级镜头是位于远离该管子的末端处。 16. The wireless transmission system according to claim 14, wherein the tip portion further comprising: a first wafer-level lens, the wafer level bonding the first image sensor; wherein, the first wafer stage the image sensor is located at the end of the tube surface, and the first lens wafer stage is located at the far end of the tube.
17.如权利要求16所述的无线传输系统,其中该掌握部还包含: 一第一处理器,用来控制该内视镜的操作。 17. The wireless transmission system according to claim 16, wherein the master unit further comprises: a first processor for controlling the operation of the endoscope.
18.如权利要求17所述的无线传输系统,其中该显示装置还包含: 一第二处理器,用来控制该显示装置的操作,并将该第一影像转换成适当格式以显示。 18. The wireless transmission system according to claim 17, wherein the display apparatus further comprises: a second processor for controlling operation of the display device, and the first image is converted into the appropriate format for display.
19.如权利要求18所述的无线传输系统,其中该末端部还包含: 一第二晶圆级影像感测器,用来撷取至少一第二影像'及一第二晶圆级镜头,与该第·二晶圆级影像感测器粘合; 其中,该第二晶圆级影像感测器是坐落在该管子的末端的表面,且该第二晶圆级镜头是位于远离该管子的末端处。 19. The wireless transmission system according to claim 18, wherein the tip portion further comprises: a second wafer level image sensor, for capturing at least a second image ', and a second wafer level lens, bonding the second wafer level image sensor Diethylene; wherein the second wafer level image sensor is located at the end of the tube surface, and the second wafer level lens is located away from the pipe the end.
20.如权利要求19所述的内视镜,其中该第一处理器将所撷取的该第一影像及该第二影像处理成一3D影像,且该3D影像藉由该传送器发送至该镜片上显示。 20. The endoscope according to claim 19, wherein the first image captured by the first processor and the second image processing into a 3D image, the 3D image and sent to the transmitter by the lens on display.
CN2012100281788A 2012-02-03 2012-02-03 Endoscope and wireless transmission system thereof CN103239198A (en)

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