CN103214289A - Natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and organic waste treatment method - Google Patents

Natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and organic waste treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103214289A
CN103214289A CN2013101426539A CN201310142653A CN103214289A CN 103214289 A CN103214289 A CN 103214289A CN 2013101426539 A CN2013101426539 A CN 2013101426539A CN 201310142653 A CN201310142653 A CN 201310142653A CN 103214289 A CN103214289 A CN 103214289A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermenter
stir
organic waste
whipping appts
waste treatment
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CN2013101426539A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张岳清
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张岳清
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Priority to CN2013101426539A priority Critical patent/CN103214289A/en
Publication of CN103214289A publication Critical patent/CN103214289A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and an organic waste treatment method. The natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment is provided with a fermentation tank, wherein the fermentation tank is internally provided with a stirring device, and the stirring device operates at a frequency that the stirring device carries out twice-advancing twice-retreating stirring turning when the fermentation tank is charged and then the stirring device carries out the twice-advancing twice-retreating stirring turning every 6 minus or plus 0.5 hours until the fermentation tank is charged the next time. Organic mixture is pushed to the discharging hole of the fermentation tank to be discharged after a certain period of time, so that primary organic fertilizer is formed. According to the natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and the organic waste treatment method, the whole fermentation process consumes no other energy, and no electricity or natural gas is required for heating, so that the organic waste can be conveniently and effectively treated and energy can also be saved.

Description

The method of nature heating type organic waste treatment facility and processing organic waste
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of treatment facility and processing organic waste of natural heating type organic waste.
Background technology
Restaurant, hotel, dining room, all kinds of food market, residential quarter and livestock and poultry farm etc. all can produce more organic waste, and organic waste adopts ways such as landfill, burning more at present, environment is produced immeasurable influence and loss.The organic waste that one 1,300,000,000 big country produces every day affects people's life constantly, and various ways such as garbage loading embeading burning all can't satisfy the paces that China develops to urbanization fast for city sizeization, the integrated construction in rural cities and towns.How from the source organic waste being handled is the hang-up of our appearance of the city environmental sanitation of puzzling.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of treatment facility of natural heating type organic waste is provided and handles the method for organic waste, processing organic waste that can be easily and effectively.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of natural heating type organic waste treatment facility, has fermenter, be provided with whipping appts in the described fermenter, one end of described fermenter offers opening for feed, the other end of described fermenter offers discharge port, described whipping appts comprises and is arranged on fore-stock, stir shaft between the after poppet, described stir shaft is provided with hurricane band, each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band is provided with agitator arm on the described stir shaft, the running frequency of described whipping appts is: the initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir during the fermenter charging, described two advance two moves back to stir to stir and be specially: first material in the fermenter is stirred backward stirred 50 ± 5 seconds, then the material in the fermenter is stirred forward and stir 50 ± 5 seconds, secondary stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds, and secondary stirs the material in the fermenter forward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds then; The initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of the described whipping appts in back and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time.
Further, whipping appts stirred the material in the fermenter forward and stirs when described stir shaft was rotated in the forward, and whipping appts stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs during described stir shaft reverse rotation.
Further, each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band is provided with 4 agitator arms on the described stir shaft, and 4 agitator arms that each spiral place is provided with form " ten " font formula, and the length of described agitator arm is greater than the external diameter of hurricane band.
Further, the cross section of described fermenter is a dual U-shaped.
Further, be provided with two cover whipping apptss in the described fermenter, two cover whipping apptss are arranged setting side by side.
Further, the stir shaft of described whipping appts is driven by drive unit.
A kind of method of utilizing above-mentioned natural heating type organic waste treatment facility processing organic waste has following steps:
1) organic waste is through pulverizing dehydration;
2) pulverize the organic waste that dewaters and enter fermenter at the opening for feed place of fermenter, the organic waste at fermenter opening for feed place mixes the formation organic mixture with the microbial strains that moisture is regulated material and a deodorizing and fermentative action;
Also have following steps:
3) after organic mixture initially enters fermenter, organic mixture is undertaken two by whipping appts and advances two and move back to stir and stir, and the initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of back whipping appts and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time;
4) organic mixture was stirred device and passes discharge hole for discharge to fermenter after 4~8 days, formed elementary fertilizer.
Further, fermenter humidity is 60 ± 5%.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: organic waste begins fermentation with moisture adjusting material and after microbial strains mixes accordingly after entering fermenter, the secondary fermentation temperature can reach 40 ℃ in 24 hours, can reach more than 60 ℃ after 48 hours, in fermentation, remove stink, thermophilic fermentation time remaining 3~4 days obtains effective decomposing and fermenting.Organic mixture is advanced into the discharge port of fermenter by whipping appts behind certain hour, be the timing cycle propelling, organic mixture heats up naturally in progradation and ferments, whole fermentation process of the present invention need not to expend other energy, do not need the heating of electricity consumption or Sweet natural gas, processing organic waste that can be easily and effectively, save energy again.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the volume rendering synoptic diagram of natural heating type organic waste treatment facility among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that the master of natural heating type organic waste treatment facility among the present invention looks synoptic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of natural heating type organic waste treatment facility among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the A-A synoptic diagram of Fig. 2;
Wherein: 1. fermenter, 2. whipping appts, 3. fore-stock, 4. after poppet, 21. stir shafts, 22. hurricane bands, 23. agitator arms.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated in conjunction with the accompanying drawings now.The synoptic diagram that these accompanying drawings are simplification only illustrates basic structure of the present invention in a schematic way, so it only shows the formation relevant with the present invention.
Shown in Figure 4 as Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3, a kind of natural heating type organic waste treatment facility has fermenter 1, is provided with two cover whipping apptss, 2, two cover whipping apptss 2 in the fermenter 1 and arranges setting side by side.One end of fermenter 1 offers opening for feed, and the other end of fermenter 1 offers discharge port.The cross section of fermenter 1 is a dual U-shaped.
Whipping appts 2 comprises the stir shaft 21 that is arranged between fore-stock 3, the after poppet 4, and stir shaft 21 is provided with hurricane band 22, and each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band 22 is provided with agitator arm 23 on the stir shaft 21, and the stir shaft of whipping appts is driven by drive unit.Drive unit is conventional rough lock actuation.
The running frequency of whipping appts 2 is: the initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir during the fermenter charging.Two advance two moves back to stir to stir and be specially: first material in the fermenter is stirred backward stirred 50 ± 5 seconds, then the material in the fermenter is stirred forward and stir 50 ± 5 seconds, secondary stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds, and secondary stirs the material in the fermenter forward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds then.Whipping appts 2 initial operations are advanced two for one time two and are moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of the described whipping appts in back and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time.
Whipping appts 2 stirred the material in the fermenter forward and stirs when stir shaft 21 was rotated in the forward, and whipping appts 2 stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs during stir shaft 21 reverse rotations.
Each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band 22 is provided with 4 agitator arms 23 on the stir shaft 21, and 4 agitator arms 23 that each spiral place is provided with form " ten " font formula, and the length of agitator arm 23 is greater than the external diameter of hurricane band 22.
A kind of method of utilizing above-mentioned natural heating type organic waste treatment facility processing organic waste has following steps:
1) organic waste is through pulverizing dehydration;
2) pulverize the organic waste that dewaters and enter fermenter at the opening for feed place of fermenter, fermenter advances
The organic waste at material mouthful place and moisture are regulated material and are played the little of deodorizing and fermentative action
Biological inoculum mixes the formation organic mixture;
3) organic mixture initially enters fermenter, fermenter humidity is 60 ± 5%, organic mixture is initial to be undertaken advancing for one time two two by whipping appts and moves back to stir and stir, two advance two moves back to stir to stir and is specially: organic mixture is stirred backward stir 50 ± 5 seconds for the first time, then organic mixture is stirred forward and stir 50 ± 5 seconds, secondary stirs organic mixture backward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds, and secondary stirs organic mixture forward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds then.The initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of back whipping appts and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time.
4) organic mixture was stirred device and passes discharge hole for discharge to fermenter after (preferred 5~6 days) through 4~8 days, formed elementary fertilizer.
In the source-restaurant that produces organic waste, the hotel, the dining room, all kinds of food markets, residential quarter and livestock and poultry farm etc. are provided with natural heating type fermentation of organic wastes equipment of the present invention, organic waste after pulverizing dehydration enters in the fermenter that moisture is regulated material and corresponding microbial strains mixes fully, stir, utilize the aerobic microorganism to decompose fresh organism, a large amount of carbon element compound decomposition that will contain are that two acidifying carbon elements and water vapour vapor away, and nitrogen, phosphorus etc. are absorbed by microorganism, thereby reach nitrogen, the purpose that the composition of phosphorus etc. is used repeatedly.Organic mixture spontaneous fermentation in the fermenter, naturally be warming up to 60~70 ℃, whole process stirs fermentation from mixing, deodorizing decomposes the formation needs of elementary fertilizer, discharging in fermenter, formed elementary fertilizer in 5~6 days, elementary fertilizer is transported to specifies the fertilizer processing space to carry out the secondary biological fermentation to handle and make biological organic fertilizer.
Be provided with two cover whipping apptss, 2, two cover whipping apptss 2 in the fermenter 1 of the present invention and arrange setting side by side, fermenter dual U-shaped structure design, whipping appts 2 type in the shape of a spiral stirs basket structure, stirs, and is convenient to organic waste and advances to discharge port from opening for feed.After organic waste through pulverizing enters fermenter 1, start whipping appts 2, stir, stir 50 seconds to the rear portion, stir, stir 50 seconds to the front portion again, stir, stir 50 seconds to the rear portion again, stir, stir 50 seconds to the front portion again, organic mixture is fully stirred, and organic mixture begins fermentation, and later per 6 hours is a time period, it still is two to advance two and move back that stirring is stirred, until next charging.
Organic waste enters and begins fermentation after material is regulated with moisture in fermenter 1 back and microbial strains mixes accordingly, the secondary fermentation temperature can reach 40 ℃ in 24 hours, can reach more than 60 ℃ after 48 hours, in fermentation, remove stink, thermophilic fermentation time remaining 3~4 days obtains effective decomposing and fermenting.Organic mixture is advanced into the discharge port of fermenter by whipping appts behind certain hour, be the timing cycle propelling, organic mixture heats up naturally in progradation and ferments, whole fermentation process of the present invention need not to expend other energy, do not need the heating of electricity consumption or Sweet natural gas, processing organic waste that can be easily and effectively, save energy again.
With above-mentioned foundation desirable embodiment of the present invention is enlightenment, and by above-mentioned description, the related work personnel can carry out various change and modification fully in the scope that does not depart from this invention technological thought.The technical scope of this invention is not limited to the content on the specification sheets, must determine its technical scope according to the claim scope.

Claims (8)

1. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility, has fermenter, be provided with whipping appts in the described fermenter, one end of described fermenter offers opening for feed, the other end of described fermenter offers discharge port, it is characterized in that: described whipping appts comprises and is arranged on fore-stock, stir shaft between the after poppet, described stir shaft is provided with hurricane band, each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band is provided with agitator arm on the described stir shaft, the running frequency of described whipping appts is: the initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir during the fermenter charging, described two advance two moves back to stir to stir and be specially: first material in the fermenter is stirred backward stirred 50 ± 5 seconds, then the material in the fermenter is stirred forward and stir 50 ± 5 seconds, secondary stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds, and secondary stirs the material in the fermenter forward and stirs 50 ± 5 seconds then; The initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and is moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of the described whipping appts in back and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time.
2. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: whipping appts stirred the material in the fermenter forward and stirs when described stir shaft was rotated in the forward, and whipping appts stirs the material in the fermenter backward and stirs during described stir shaft reverse rotation.
3. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each spiral place of corresponding hurricane band is provided with 4 agitator arms on the described stir shaft, 4 agitator arms that each spiral place is provided with form " ten " font formula, and the length of described agitator arm is greater than the external diameter of hurricane band.
4. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described fermenter is a dual U-shaped.
5. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with two cover whipping apptss in the described fermenter, two cover whipping apptss are arranged setting side by side.
6. natural heating type organic waste treatment facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the stir shaft of described whipping appts is driven by drive unit.
7. method of utilizing each described natural heating type organic waste treatment facility of claim 1-6 to handle organic waste has following steps:
1) organic waste is through pulverizing dehydration;
2) pulverize the organic waste that dewaters and enter fermenter at the opening for feed place of fermenter, the organic waste at fermenter opening for feed place mixes the formation organic mixture with the microbial strains that moisture is regulated material and a deodorizing and fermentative action;
It is characterized in that: also have following steps:
3) after organic mixture initially enters fermenter, organic mixture is undertaken two by whipping appts and advances two and move back to stir and stir, and the initial operation of whipping appts is advanced two for one time two and moved back to stir and stir the operation in per 6 ± 0.5 hours of back whipping appts and advance two for one time two and move back to stir and stir until fermenter charging next time;
4) organic mixture was stirred device and passes discharge hole for discharge to fermenter after 4~8 days, formed elementary fertilizer.
8. the method for processing organic waste according to claim 7 is characterized in that: fermenter humidity is 60 ± 5%.
CN2013101426539A 2013-04-23 2013-04-23 Natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and organic waste treatment method CN103214289A (en)

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1131652A (en) * 1995-12-21 1996-09-25 三浦明美 Fermentation decomposition device for organics
CN2342963Y (en) * 1998-10-30 1999-10-13 山西京晋环保实业投资开发有限公司 Forced double-rod stirrer
JP2004026565A (en) * 2002-06-25 2004-01-29 Hisayuki Kishi Circumferentially open-type fermentation treatment facility
CN1521146A (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-18 小仓金属株式会社 Raw garbage treating apparatus
CN2670356Y (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-01-12 哈尔滨瑞恩农牧工程有限公司 Fowl and livestock fermenting agitator
CN2811293Y (en) * 2005-08-12 2006-08-30 天津市三英新技术发展有限公司 Automatic biochemical treatment system device for kitchen swilling
CN101199969A (en) * 2006-12-11 2008-06-18 姜宗吉 Apparatus for disposing of food waste
CN101637778A (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-02-03 云南昆船设计研究院 Comprehensive processing technology of organic wastes
CN201644003U (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-11-24 盛世绍普(天津)环保科技有限公司 Stirring equipment
CN102320871A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-18 焦社杰 Microbial organic fertilizer prepared from restaurant-kitchen garbage and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1131652A (en) * 1995-12-21 1996-09-25 三浦明美 Fermentation decomposition device for organics
CN2342963Y (en) * 1998-10-30 1999-10-13 山西京晋环保实业投资开发有限公司 Forced double-rod stirrer
JP2004026565A (en) * 2002-06-25 2004-01-29 Hisayuki Kishi Circumferentially open-type fermentation treatment facility
CN1521146A (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-18 小仓金属株式会社 Raw garbage treating apparatus
CN2670356Y (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-01-12 哈尔滨瑞恩农牧工程有限公司 Fowl and livestock fermenting agitator
CN2811293Y (en) * 2005-08-12 2006-08-30 天津市三英新技术发展有限公司 Automatic biochemical treatment system device for kitchen swilling
CN101199969A (en) * 2006-12-11 2008-06-18 姜宗吉 Apparatus for disposing of food waste
CN101637778A (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-02-03 云南昆船设计研究院 Comprehensive processing technology of organic wastes
CN201644003U (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-11-24 盛世绍普(天津)环保科技有限公司 Stirring equipment
CN102320871A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-18 焦社杰 Microbial organic fertilizer prepared from restaurant-kitchen garbage and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20130724

Assignee: JIANGSU HUA HONG NEW ENERGY CO., LTD.

Assignor: Zhang Yueqing

Contract record no.: 2014320000474

Denomination of invention: Natural warming type organic waste treatment equipment and organic waste treatment method

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20140530

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