CN103204556A - Solar energy algae-controlling machine - Google Patents

Solar energy algae-controlling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103204556A
CN103204556A CN 201210012985 CN201210012985A CN103204556A CN 103204556 A CN103204556 A CN 103204556A CN 201210012985 CN201210012985 CN 201210012985 CN 201210012985 A CN201210012985 A CN 201210012985A CN 103204556 A CN103204556 A CN 103204556A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
algae
water quality
pin
function
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Pending
Application number
CN 201210012985
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓涛
邓亿峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI LINGDA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI LINGDA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN 201210012985 priority Critical patent/CN103204556A/en
Publication of CN103204556A publication Critical patent/CN103204556A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a system and a method for controlling algae blooms by using solar energy, can be used for water environment protection in the environmental protection field, and is suitable for monitoring water quality of reservoir and lake water bodies and controlling the algae blooms. By converting the solar energy into water body kinetic energy and ultrasonic vibration mechanical energy, growth environment of the algae can be effectively broken and algae cells can be killed, thereby achieving an object of controlling the growth of the algae. At the same time, four water quality parameter acquisition channels are arranged, the water quality parameters are timely acquired by a built-in microprocessor and a clock circuit; the acquired water quality parameters and position information are sent to a remote monitoring center by using GPRS remote data communication in combination with the position information acquired by a GPS chip, so that a comprehensive platform integrating water quality monitoring and water quality improvement together is formed.

Description

Sun power control algae machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to the rivers and lakes water quality and pollute control and monitoring field, specially refer to pollution control and the monitoring field of algae.
Background technology
For big-and-middle-sized reservoir lake, because water body is longer at the hydraulic detention time of reservoir area, under external conditionss such as certain illumination, temperature, add water body background nitrogen, phosphorus concentration height, algae forms large-scale outbreak trend easily.Algal grown need carry out photosynthesis, and the more abundant speed of growth of illumination is more fast.Because the reservoir water body flowability is not strong, algae forms the trend of algae outburst easily at regional enrichment and the stable growth of sluggish flow.
Adopt ordinary method to remove big area reservoir water body alga eruption and have big difficulty.Under the lowered in field environment, there are big difficulty in the power supply of equipment and maintenance, on-the-spot condition of power supply deficiency, and equipment is on-line operation for a long time, adopt the manually hysteresis quality of the mode lifetime of regularly clear algae the season of outburst easily in algae, be difficult to reach the demand of control alga eruption.
Summary of the invention
The system and method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a cover control algae and water outburst not only can have been realized the remote measurement of water quality parameter but also can control alga eruption.For destroying the algae grows environment, native system adopts sun power as propulsion source, becomes the mechanical energy of water body kinetic energy and ultrasonic oscillator by conversion of solar energy, drives water body by water pump and forms microcirculqtory system, avoid water body to have dead water region, reach the purpose of control alga eruption; Disposing four road water quality parameter acquisition channels simultaneously gathers and teletransmission the water quality parameter of sensitivity, be convenient under unattended situation the remote monitoring center and in time recognize actual water quality condition, make corresponding science decision, avoid property time lag of hand sampling monitoring, thereby effectively grasp the opportunity of control alga eruption.
On the one hand, the invention provides the system of a cover control algae and water outburst, this system comprises following four parts: supplying unit, control main board, peripherals part, stationary installation part.As shown in Figure 1.
Supplying unit is made up of solar panel, charge controller, colloid storage battery.Solar panel plays the effect that transform light energy is become electric energy, algal grown is carried out the necessary transform light energy of photosynthesis become electric energy.Charge controller plays the flow direction of control electric current and the effect that keeps charge stability, when sun-drenched the time, and the electrical energy fed store battery of cell panel and follow-up electromechanical equipment; When sunlight is insufficient, cut off the cell panel feed circuit automatically, prevent that electric current from pouring in down a chimney to cell panel and damage the normal function of cell panel, when electric current is excessive, regulate charge capacity simultaneously automatically and prevent damage to store battery.Colloid storage battery plays the effect of preserving electric weight, and the electric energy of solar panel is stored, and supply with follow-up electromechanical equipment and main control board work, but the assurance system is in overcast and rainy still non-stop run.
The control main board is central processing unit by the microprocessor of 16 bit, the periphery drives seven functional modules of function by clock timing function, 32 Mbits of data memory functions, four-way data acquisition function, GPS positioning function, GPRS remote communicating function, electromechanical equipment control function, ultrasonic oscillator to be formed, and forms the core work module of sun power control algae machine.As shown in Figure 2.
The clock timing function mainly plays time opening electromechanical equipment (comprising water pump, ultrasonic oscillator and water quality probe) function, and circuit as shown in Figure 3.
Data storage function plays the water quality data memory function of preserving important process parameter and collection, and circuit as shown in Figure 4.
The four-way data acquisition function provides the RS232 communication function of central processing unit and water quality probe, the built-in asynchronous communication port of central processing unit number is limited, be difficult to satisfy actual water quality parameter and gather needs, therefore need to expand PORT COM, physical circuit as shown in Figure 5.
The GPS positioning function provides the positional information of equipment, is convenient to the positional information of tracking equipment under the unattended situation in the open air, makes things convenient for running maintenance, and circuit as shown in Figure 6.
GPRS telecommunication module provides the long range data transmitting function, and the water quality parameter of equipment collection is sent to the remote monitoring center, receives the instruction at remote monitoring center simultaneously in real time, the operation working parameter of change equipment.Circuit as shown in Figure 7.
Electromechanical equipment control function provides pump switch control function, because the port driver of micro-chip is limited in one's ability, be difficult to drive powerful devices such as water pump, therefore need to adopt 9013 triodes that micro-chip pin outward current is amplified, the suction of driving relay1 coil contains or disconnects, thereby reaches the purpose of powerful devices such as control water pump.Circuit as shown in Figure 8.
The function that drives ultrasonic oscillator adopts central processing unit output CF square wave, drives ultrasonic oscillator by power amplification circuit and vibrates, and circuit as shown in Figure 9.
Peripherals comprises water pump, ultrasonic oscillator and water quality parameter probe.Water pump adopts 24v direct current supply, and main effect provides water body circulation and pressure injection effect; It is to utilize ultrasonic wave that the penetration of frustule wall is reached the deactivation of algae that ultrasonic oscillator mainly acts on, and the resonant frequency of ultrasonic oscillator adopts the resonant frequency of 40kHz according to research; Water quality parameter probe can flexible configuration according to concrete water quality needs, and commonly used is the water quality probe of five parameter one, and the water-quality guideline of collection is: dissolved oxygen, PH, specific conductivity, turbidity and temperature.
Stationary installation is divided into above water and two parts under water, and synoptic diagram as shown in figure 10.Above water is respectively from top to bottom: solar-cell panel support, mechanical floor, aproll layer; Underwater portion is bearing stratum, telescopic joint, waterproof pump box.Wherein mechanical floor, aproll layer and bearing stratum three parts are chief components of stainless steel floating drum.The effect of device various piece is as follows: solar-cell panel support plays the effect of stationary battery plate, and support is installed on the stainless steel floating drum; Mechanical floor is positioned at the topmost of stainless steel floating drum, is used for depositing each important electronic unit of this equipment; The aproll layer is the outlet of water circle device, and the water distribution uniformity function is provided, and by the water distribution mouth pressure injection effect around aproll layer one circle, destroys equipment ambient water body algae growing environment; Bearing stratum provides buoyancy to make on equipment bubbles through the water column, and keeps afloat; Telescopic joint is the device of adjustable in length, is used for adapting to the practical application different depths needs are installed; The waterproof pump box effect provides the space that water pump is installed, consider that actual water body possibility turbidity is higher, stop up water pump easily, waterproof pump box ingress arranges grid and stops that pasture and water and other big objects enter water pump, avoid forming and block, underwater working hour of raising equipment and operational efficiency, as shown in figure 11.
On the other hand, the present invention also provides a kind of method that adopts sun power control alga eruption, and concrete steps are as follows:
1. fix solar panel, connect the wiring of cell panel and main control board;
2. according to the depth of water, the telescopic joint degree of depth is set, fixes waterproof pump box and telescopic joint connecting screw, and the water quality probe is fixed on the telescopic joint;
3. the pipe interface that connects waterproof pump box and bearing stratum, and fix with the spiral shell button;
4. main control board begins from water quality probe image data according to setting working parameter, and whether judgement time reach the working hour of setting, opens water pump and carries out the waterpower circulation if reach; According to the operating mode of setting, if severe water pollution is opened the ultrasonic oscillator vibrating function and carried out algae removal;
5. main control board is adjusted mode of operation according to the voltage that the voltage of supply monitoring module monitors, in case voltage is lower than set(ting)value, stops water pump and ultrasonic vibration function, and an image data is also carried out long-range GPRS teletransmission.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is system global structure figure; Digital implication is as follows among the figure: 1. represent the 200W solar storage battery, 2. represent charge controller, 3. represent colloid storage battery, 4. represent the pilot circuit mainboard, 5 represent the GPRS communication module, and 6 represent water pump, and 7 represent ultrasonic oscillator, and 8 represent the water quality parameter probe.
Accompanying drawing 2 is system's control main board function structure iron; Digital implication is as follows among the figure: 1 represents central processing unit, and 2 represent clock circuit, 3 representative data memory modules, 4 represent the four-way data acquisition interface, the dynamo-electric device control module of 5 representatives, and 6 represent ultrasonic wave drives, 7 represent GPRS telecommunication module, and 8 represent the GPS locating module.
Accompanying drawing 3 is clock circuit interface charts;
Accompanying drawing 4 is data storage circuitry interface charts;
Accompanying drawing 5 is four-way data acquisition interface circuit connection diagrams;
Accompanying drawing 6 is GPS positioning circuit interface charts;
Accompanying drawing 7 is GPRS long-distance communication circuit interface charts;
Accompanying drawing 8 is electromechanical equipment pilot circuit interface charts;
Accompanying drawing 9 is ultrasonic oscillator circuit connection diagrams;
Accompanying drawing 10 is stationary installation synoptic diagram; Digital implication is as follows among the figure: 1 represents solar panel, and 2 represent mechanical floor, and 3 represent the aproll layer, and 4 represent bearing stratum, and 5 represent waterproof pump box, and 6 represent telescopic joint, and 7 represent the above water of equipment, and 8 represent the underwater portion of equipment.
Accompanying drawing 11 is waterproof pump box schemas.
Embodiment
Further specify technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Accompanying drawing 1,2 implication is in front all to elaborate.As Fig. 3, clock integrated chip 1 pin is that the power supply power supply is anodal, and 2,3 pin connect crystal oscillator, and the pulse of certain frequency is provided; 4 pin are power supply power supply negative pole; 5 pin are that chip is chosen pin, and chip enters strobe state when this pin is lower level, can reset the new time; 6 pin are data double-way communication pin, are used for integrated chip and central controller communication; 7 pin are the clock pin of serial communication; 8 pin are the anodal pin of backup battery, and being convenient to provides electric power for chip under system's power-down state.The artificial correct time of setting when clock chip moves for the first time, later on self-clocking, in case reach the working hour of setting, can open peripheral water pump and other electromechanical equipments.
Accompanying drawing 4 is data storage circuitry interface charts, is mainly used in preserving the important working parameter of data and system of collection.1 pin is for suspending pin, in case the lower level of being set to, peripheral circuit will stop the communication with this chip; 2 pin are anodal for power supply; 7 pin are chip selection signal, will choose chip under the low level state and parameter can be set; 8 pin are the data output pin; 9 pin are the write-protect pin, and the locking chip prevents from writing under the low level state; 10 pin are power supply ground pin; 15 pin are the chip data input pin; 16 pin are for writing clocksignal.Under the clocksignal specific time sequence, can cooperate the data input and output pin data can be write particular sector, and can be from the particular sector reading of data.
Accompanying drawing 5 is four-way data acquisition interface circuit connection diagrams, is mainly used in expanding the external asynchronous communication interface of central processing unit, is convenient to the water quality acquisition probe with the central processing unit communication.INTA, INTB, INTC, INTD is four paths transmitting-receiving data interrupt notification signal wire, in case have data to send to chip from the water quality probe, four paths signal lines will produce a voltage jump, thereby entering corresponding interrupt service routine, handles by the initiation central processing unit; CSA, CSB, CSC, CSD are the chip selection signal line of four paths, as long as signal wire is elected lower level as, this passage will enter working order; RXA, TXA are the data transmit-receive line of first via passage, and RXB, TXB are the data transmit-receive line of second paths, and RXC, TXC are the data transmit-receive line of Third Road passage, and RXD, TXD are the data transmit-receive line of the 4th paths; A0, A1, A2 are the internal register addresses line; D0-D7 is the both-way communication data line, is used for the parallel data of central processing unit output is converted into serial data, also the serial data that receives can be converted to parallel data and be input to central processing unit.
Accompanying drawing 6 is GPS positioning circuit interface chart, is mainly used in providing the GPS locating information.3 pin are power supply ground pin; 6 pin are reset pin, in case after being set to lower level, chip will recover initial working order; 11 pin are external passive antenna signal input pin; 15 pin are for being circumscribed with source antenna signal input pin; 18 pin are the start pin, keep high level after for some time chip will enter working order; 19 pin are for waking pin up, keep high level after for some time chip enter working order from the low-power consumption mode of power saving; The data that GPS_TX, GPS_RX are respectively module send the reception pin, are mainly used in carrying out data communication with central processing unit.
Accompanying drawing 7 is GPRS data communication circuit connection diagram, and the data that are mainly used in gathering send to remote monitoring center, simultaneously operational order that also can receiving remote.1 pin is the start pin, import one from high to low skip signal afterwards module will enter open state; 9,10 pin are respectively data and send the reception line, are convenient to module and central processing unit and carry out communication; 15 pin are the module voltage output pin; 16 pin are reset pin; The data that 27,28 pins are respectively debug port send and receive pin; 30,31,32,33 pins are the connection of SIM, are convenient to module and SIM and carry out communication; 52 pin are module network connection state pin; 55,56 pin are the module for power supply positive pole; 60 pin are the signal input line of external antenna.
Accompanying drawing 8 is electromechanical equipment pilot circuit interface charts, is mainly used in controlling the unlatching of powerful device or closing.4N25 keeps apart central processing unit and peripheral powerful device by photoelectricity coupling chip, has guaranteed the electrical safety of system; When 4N25 the 2nd pin input low level, inner LED keeps path, and output terminal 4 pin and 5 pin carry out conducting electric current by 9012 triodes and amplify, and drive relay1 coil and carry out adhesive, and the external equipment of rly. will be opened.Otherwise if 4N25 the 2nd pin input high level, then entire circuit keeps off state, and the rly. external equipment is closed.
Accompanying drawing 9 is ultrasonic oscillator circuit connection diagrams, because the ultrasonic oscillator switching frequency is higher, is generally 40KHz, and rly. commonly used can't reach this switching frequency, has therefore adopted insulated gate bipolar transistor to drive.By the HCPL-316J integrated chip oscillator is driven, this chip has carried out photoelectricity and has isolated the electrical safety that has effectively guaranteed governor circuit, reduces peripherals to the interference of central processing unit.This chip 1 pin is the switch signal input aperture of the CF of central processing unit output; 5 pin are reset pin, remain lower level and will make chip return to initial working order; 6 pin are insulated gate bipolar transistor collector voltage inefficacy feedback signal line; 11 pin are the grid voltage input pin, and 14 pin are collector voltage supersaturation input pin, receive transistorized collector electrode by a fast anti-diode, will feed back to this pin in case collector voltage exceeds normal range, thereby cause 6 pin output low levels.
Ultrasonic oscillator is fixed on the top of aproll layer by retaining screw, when water pollution comparatively seriously is to open operation, water body circulation by water pump cooperates hyperacoustic vibration, the frustule in the water body around the equipment can be destroyed, and reaches the purpose of control alga eruption.
Accompanying drawing 11 is schemas of waterproof pump box, and waterproof pump box is stainless steel, and the spacing between the grid is 5cm, and the grid width is 2cm.The four sides all can intake, and the top is connected with expansion link by fixing threaded hole, is connected with bearing stratum by water pipe, ensures that the water route forms microcirculation around equipment.

Claims (3)

1. a sun power control phytem system comprises solar panel, charge controller, store battery, main control board and attached water pump, ultrasonic oscillator, water quality parameter probe.Solar panel, charge controller, store battery are formed the power suppling part branch of system, and main control board is characterised in that:
(1) adopting 16 embedded microprocessors is central processing unit, peripheral configurable clock generator timing function, 32 Mbits of data memory functions, four-way data acquisition function, GPS positioning function, GPRS remote communicating function, electromechanical equipment switching function, ultrasonic oscillator drive function, form the core of sun power control phytem system;
(2) built-in GPRS telecommunication heartbeat function by the timed sending data packet, keeps the reliable and stable of GPRS data communication;
(3) monitor the stability of solar powered voltage automatically, close peripheral current consuming apparatus automatically in case voltage is lower than set(ting)value, keep the low power operation state;
(4) according to the working parameter that arranges, the data acquiring frequency of the switch of control water pump, ultrasonic oscillator and water quality parameter probe, and determine positional information under the equipment lowered in field environment by the GPS positioning chip, adopt the GPRS communication chip that data are sent to remote monitoring center.
2. the control phytem that requires as right 1 is united, and its feature also comprises according to the water quality feature, by setting the different operating mode of corresponding working parameter operation.When the water body algae pollution is not serious, can carry out the water body circulation by the isolated operation water pump, spray the growing environment that destroys algae by water body circulation and water pressure; When the water body algae pollution is serious, open ultrasonic oscillator, by ultrasonic wave algae removal is carried out in the destruction of frustule wall.
3. the control phytem that requires as right 1 is united, and its feature also comprises supporting stationary installation, and this stationary installation is characterised in that:
(1) stationary installation adopts stainless steel to make, and comprises above water and two parts under water, and above water is respectively from top to bottom: solar-cell panel support, mechanical floor, aproll layer; Underwater portion is bearing stratum, telescopic joint, waterproof pump box;
(2) import of water pump chest arranges grid, prevents pasture and water obstruction import, 2 centimetres of grid spacings.
CN 201210012985 2012-01-16 2012-01-16 Solar energy algae-controlling machine Pending CN103204556A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210012985 CN103204556A (en) 2012-01-16 2012-01-16 Solar energy algae-controlling machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210012985 CN103204556A (en) 2012-01-16 2012-01-16 Solar energy algae-controlling machine

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CN103204556A true CN103204556A (en) 2013-07-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110009888A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-12 广州市泺立能源科技有限公司 A kind of data processing method
CN110047259A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-23 广州市泺立能源科技有限公司 A method of saving equipment electric energy

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110009888A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-12 广州市泺立能源科技有限公司 A kind of data processing method
CN110047259A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-23 广州市泺立能源科技有限公司 A method of saving equipment electric energy

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Application publication date: 20130717

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