CN103181347A - Light weight artificial fishing reef - Google Patents

Light weight artificial fishing reef Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103181347A
CN103181347A CN 201210535787 CN201210535787A CN103181347A CN 103181347 A CN103181347 A CN 103181347A CN 201210535787 CN201210535787 CN 201210535787 CN 201210535787 A CN201210535787 A CN 201210535787A CN 103181347 A CN103181347 A CN 103181347A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
plastic bottle
cave
plastic
bottle
threaded
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201210535787
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103181347B (en )
Inventor
李海州
Original Assignee
浙江海洋学院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, i.e. culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

The invention relates to an artificial fishing reef, in particular to a light weight artificial fishing reef, which comprises a grotto support frame and a plurality of first plastic bottles with threaded openings and without bottoms, wherein the grotto support frame is a columnar frame formed by building rods; the first plastic bottles are in threaded connection with the grotto support frame through screw threads on the openings; the inner cavities of the first plastic bottles form the grottos; and the opened bottom ends of the first plastic bottles form the openings of the grottos. The invention provides the light weight artificial fishing reef which is conveniently manufactured by waste, is convenient for recovery, has good protection performance, and solves the problems that building the conventional fishing reef consumes effective resources, effective grottoes are not available, grottos in intensive quantity are difficult to manufacture, and the recovery is inconvenient.

Description

轻量化人造鱼礁 Lightweight artificial reefs

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及人工鱼礁,尤其涉及一种轻量化人造鱼礁。 [0001] The present invention relates to artificial reefs, particularly to a lightweight artificial reef.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人工鱼礁是人为在海中设置的构造物,其目的是改善海域生态环境,营造海洋生物栖息的良好环境,为鱼类等提供繁殖、生长、索饵和庇敌的场所,达到保护、增殖和提高渔获量的目的。 [0002] man-made artificial reef structure is set up in the sea, which aims to improve the marine ecological environment, and create a favorable environment for marine habitats, such as to provide for fish breeding, growing, feeding and shelter enemy place, to protect , the purpose of improving the proliferation and catches.

[0003] 在中国专利申请号为2011103469934、公开日为2012年7月25日、名称为“方形组合人工鱼礁”的专利文件中公开了一种人工鱼礁。 [0003] discloses an artificial reef in Chinese patent application No. 2011103469934, publication date July 25, 2012, entitled "square combination of artificial reefs," the patent document. 现有的鱼礁都是钢材搭建而成的框架结构或钢筋混凝土结构。 Existing reefs are structures made of steel or reinforced concrete frame structure. 普遍存在以下不足:没有真正意义上的洞穴或者难以制作出密集数量的洞穴,都是利用有用的材料制作且回收不便。 Prevalence of the following shortcomings: there is no real sense of caves or difficult to produce a dense number of caves, are making use of useful materials and recycling inconvenient.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明提供了一种能方便地利用弃物制作的便于回收的防护性好的轻量化人造鱼礁,解决了现有的鱼礁建造耗费有效资源、没有有效的洞穴或难以制作出密集数量的洞穴、回收不便的问题。 [0004] The present invention provides a disposable product can be easily produced by using the recovered facilitates good protective lightweight artificial reef, solves the problem of cost effective resources fishing shelters, there is no effective caves or difficult to produce intensive number of caves, recycling inconvenient problem.

[0005] 以上技术问题是通过下列技术方案解决的:一种轻量化人造鱼礁,包括洞穴支撑架和若干瓶口带螺纹且去除了瓶底的第一塑料瓶,所述洞穴支撑架为杆材搭建而成的柱形架,所述第一塑料瓶通过瓶口上的螺纹同所述洞穴支撑架螺纹连接在一起,所述第一塑料瓶的内腔构成洞穴,所述第一塑料瓶敞开的底端构成洞穴口。 [0005] The above technical problem is solved by the following technical solutions: one lightweight artificial reef, comprising a support frame and a number of caves threaded finish and a first removing the plastic bottle bottom, the support frame is a cave rod timber frame structures made cylindrical, the first plastic bottle by a threaded connection with the threaded hole on the support frame finish together, the first plastic bottle cave lumen configuration, the first open plastic bottle constituting the bottom end of the cave mouth. 巧妙地利用塑料瓶制作成鱼礁的洞穴,在当下废弃的塑料瓶随去可见的情况下为实现废弃塑料瓶的高性价比再利用、为降低白色污染开辟了一条新途径;利用废弃塑料瓶作为制作鱼礁的材料,能降低鱼礁的制作成本,由于塑料瓶较轻,将鱼礁从制作场所运输到水中时方便。 Clever use of plastic bottles made into cave fish reef, to achieve waste plastic bottles cost reused in the case of the current discarded plastic bottles with to visible, to reduce the white pollution has opened up a new way; using discarded plastic bottles as materials reefs and reef fish can reduce production costs due to the lighter plastic bottles will be convenient to transport water reef fish from the production sites. 塑料瓶壁薄且强度好,能够在鱼礁上制作出高密度的洞穴(如果采用钢筋混`凝土则密度大时壁厚薄,强度差,洞穴容易破碎;同样用金属制造时不但制作洞穴不便、而且洞穴密度大时则壁厚薄,在水中尤其是海水中容易被腐蚀透,做防腐处理时也不便且制作成本高),有利于章鱼、螃蟹、虾、龟类的栖身和避难。 Thin plastic bottle wall strength, a high density can be produced on the reefs cave (if `concrete reinforced concrete density when the thin wall thickness, intensity difference, cave easily broken; Similarly prepared is not only made of metal cave inconvenience and when the density of the cavern wall thickness, especially susceptible to corrosion in seawater through the water, they do not embalmed and high production costs), in favor of octopus, crab, shrimp, turtles shelter and refuge. 巧妙地利用塑料瓶瓶口的螺纹实现塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架的连接,提高了加工鱼礁时的方便性,使得鱼礁能够在工厂中进行备料、运到使用场所后再进行组装,生产时的方便性好。 When the clever use of a threaded plastic bottle finish achieved with the connecting plastic bottles cave support frame, improving the convenience of reef during processing, so that the stock can be reefs in the factory, and then transported to the assembly site of use, production good convenience. 当人工鱼礁废弃不用时,可以方便地将其进行肢解后再次回收利用,资源再生利用效果好且回收打捞时方便。 When the artificial reef abandoned, which can easily be recycled again after dismemberment, resource recycling and recovery of good effect convenient salvage. 塑料瓶在水中不容易腐烂,不会造成水质污染,尤其是当鱼礁使用在水源附近时则意义尤为突出。 Plastic bottles are not perishable in the water will not cause water pollution, especially when used near water reef fish is particularly prominent significance. 塑料瓶通过切除瓶底而形成洞穴口,制作洞穴口时方便且洞穴的开放性好。 Plastic bottles are formed by cutting the bottom of the cave mouth, to facilitate the production of open cave and the cave mouth good.

[0006] 本发明还包括穿过所述第一塑料瓶的瓶口并连接在所述洞穴支撑架上的连接杆,所述连接杆上设有瓶口带螺纹且去除了瓶底的第二塑料瓶,所述第二塑料瓶通过瓶口上的螺纹同所述连接杆螺纹连接在一起,所述第二塑料瓶穿设在所述第一塑料瓶内,所述第二塑料瓶将所述洞穴分割为成鱼洞穴和仔稚鱼洞穴。 [0006] The present invention further comprises a first through a plastic bottle finish and the connection rod in the cavern support frame, said connecting rod is provided with a threaded bottle, and the bottle is removed a second plastic bottle, a plastic bottle of the second connecting rod by a threaded connection with the threaded bottle together through the second plastic bottles disposed in the first plastic bottle, a plastic bottle of the second cave is divided into adult fish and larvae caves cave. 通过塑料瓶套设的方式形成不同大小的洞穴,有利于对仔稚鱼和虾的保护。 Cave of different sizes formed by the plastic bottle is sleeved way to help protect the fish larvae and shrimp. 鱼礁受到暗流冲击的为第一塑料瓶,故第一塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架的连接处的受力大,将连接杆设计为穿过第一塑料瓶的瓶口,连接杆能够限制第一塑料瓶的摆动幅度、起到降低第一塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架连接处的受力的作用,使得第一塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架之间不容易产生脱离现象。 Undercurrent reef by a first impact of plastic bottles, so that a large force at a plastic bottle with a first support frame connected to the cave, the connecting rod is designed to spout through the first plastic bottle, a first connecting rod can be restricted wobble amplitude plastic bottles, plastic bottles serve to reduce the force with a first hole at the support frame connected to the role, so that the first plastic bottles are not prone to the same phenomenon departing cave between the support frame.

[0007] 作为优选,所述连接杆设有第一螺纹套和第二螺纹套,所述第一塑料瓶螺纹连接在所述第一螺纹套上,所述连接杆的自由端设有螺纹段,所述第二螺纹套螺纹连接在所述螺纹段上,所述第二塑料瓶螺纹连接在所述第二螺纹套上。 [0007] Advantageously, the connecting rod is provided with a first threaded sleeve and the second threaded sleeve, said first threaded plastic bottle in the first threaded sleeve, the free end of the connecting rod is provided with a threaded section the second threaded sleeve screwed onto the threaded segment, said second threaded plastic bottle in the second threaded sleeve. 将第一塑料瓶和第二塑料瓶连接到洞穴支撑架上时方便,可方便地控制仔稚鱼洞穴大小,以适应对不同大小的仔稚鱼的保护要求。 When connecting the first and second plastic bottles plastic bottles easy to cave supporting frame, you can easily control the size of the cave fish larvae and juveniles, to accommodate the requirements for protection of fish larvae of different sizes.

[0008] 作为优选,所述第二塑料瓶上连接有可将第二塑料瓶浮起的第二浮子。 [0008] Advantageously, a second float connected with a second plastic bottles may be floating on the second plastic bottles. 将第二塑料瓶从洞穴支撑架上脱落时,在第二浮子的作用下,第二塑料瓶能够漂浮到水面上。 When the second support frame from the cave plastic bottles fall, under the action of a second float, the second plastic bottles can float to the surface. 便于第二塑料瓶的回收,能够杜绝塑料瓶沉积在水底而对水域造成污染。 Facilitate recovery of the second plastic bottles, plastic bottles can be deposited in the bottom to prevent the pollution of the waters.

[0009] 作为优选,所述第二塑料瓶的侧壁上设有若干仔稚鱼穿过孔。 [0009] Advantageously, said plurality of fish larvae is provided with through holes in the sidewall of the second plastic bottles. “仔稚鱼穿过孔”是指仔稚鱼能够穿过成鱼不能够穿过的孔。 "Fish larvae through an aperture" refers to fish larvae can pass through the hole into the fish can not pass. 当仔稚鱼受到攻击误入到成鱼洞穴时,能够经仔稚鱼穿过孔进入到仔稚鱼洞穴中,避免仔稚鱼被断了后路而无去逃生。 When the fish larvae attack strayed into the cave fish, fish larvae to enter through the through hole to cave fish larvae, fish larvae avoid posterior without being broken to escape. 对仔稚鱼的保护效果好,有利于鱼的数量的稳定增长。 Good protective effect on fish larvae, is conducive to the steady growth of the number of fish.

[0010] 作为优选,所述第一塑料瓶的底端设有向外弯折的指爪,所述指爪为所述第一塑料瓶的侧壁分割而成。 [0010] Advantageously, the bottom end of the first plastic bottle is provided with outwardly bent claws, the claws of the first side wall divided in a plastic bottle. 设计指爪,能够拦挂住在水中漂流的水草等物体,使得洞穴周围的食物丰富,有利于鱼礁中的鱼类等动物的生长、索饵,还能起到吸引鱼等动物迁移到鱼礁的作用,使得鱼类受到攻击时能在最短的时间内进入到鱼礁中而逃生,避难效果好,能提高鱼礁的利用效果。 Design claws, caught in the water can be stopped drifting plants and other objects, making the cave around foods rich in animal conducive to the growth of reef fish in the fish, feeding, but also serve to attract fish and other animals migrate to fish the role of reef fish makes when attacked can enter into the reef fish in the shortest possible time to escape, good refuge effect, the effect can improve the utilization of reef fish.

[0011] 作为优选,所述第一塑料瓶通过加强杆固定在一起。 [0011] Advantageously, the first plastic bottle secured together by a reinforcing rod. 受到水流冲击时第一塑料瓶会产生摆动弯折而导致的从洞穴支撑架上脱落的现象,设计加强杆能够限制第一塑料瓶的摆动幅度、起到降低第一塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架连接处的受力的作用,使得第一塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架之间不容易产生脱离现象;加强杆还能够拦挂住在水中漂流的水草等物体,使得洞穴周围的食物丰富,有利于鱼礁中的鱼类等动物的生长、索饵,还能起到吸引鱼等动物迁移到鱼礁的作用,使得鱼类受到攻击时能在最短的时间内进入到鱼礁中而逃生,避难效果哈,能提高鱼礁的利用效果。 A first flow when subjected to an impact will produce plastic bottles oscillating phenomenon caused by bending from the cave off the support frame, designed to strengthen the first swings the lever can be restricted plastic bottle, a plastic bottle serves to reduce a first bracket connected with a cave acting at the force, so that the first plastic bottles are not prone to the same phenomenon between caves departing support frame; hooked reinforcing bar can also be stopped in the water drifting objects such as plants, such cave surrounding rich foods, facilitate reefs the growth of fish and other animals, feeding, but also serve to attract fish and other animals to migrate to the role of reef fish, so fish is attacked can enter into the reef fish in the shortest possible time to escape, asylum effect Kazakhstan , can improve the utilization effect of reef fish.

[0012] 作为优选,所述加强杆为柔性体,所述加强杆内设有沿加强杆长度方向延伸的密封腔,密封腔内填充有气体。 [0012] Advantageously, the reinforcing rod is a flexible body, the reinforcing rod seal chamber equipped with reinforcing rods along the longitudinal direction extending, sealed chamber filled with a gas. 加强杆设计为柔性体,储运和固定到塑料瓶上时方便,但柔性体由于钢性不足,对第一塑料瓶的支撑固定效果较差。 Designed as a flexible reinforcing bar body fixed to the easy storage and transportation and plastic bottles, but the lack of the steel flexible body, for supporting and fixing effect of the first plastic bottles poor. 在加强杆内设置密封腔并填充有气体,加强杆进入水中受到水压的作用时,密封腔的体积会缩小,使得气体的压力增大为同水压加水面上的大气压之和,气体起到胀硬加强杆的作用,使得加强杆的强度提高。 When disposed in a sealed chamber filled with a gas and reinforcing rods, reinforcing rods into the water by the water pressure, the volume of the seal chamber will be reduced, so that the gas pressure is increased to the same pressure and the atmospheric pressure plus the water, from a gas strengthening the role of the expansion rod hard, so that the reinforcing bar strength. 故该设计的加强杆能兼具刚性杆和绕线索的优点。 Therefore, the design can be both rigid reinforcing rod around the rod and advantages of the clues. 当使用在深海中时加强杆受压变硬的效果尤为明显,钢性提升显著。 Reinforcing bar pressure hardens when used in deep sea is especially effective, significantly enhance rigidity.

[0013] 作为优选,所述第一塑料瓶上连接有可将第一塑料瓶浮起的第一浮子。 [0013] Preferably, the first float is connected to a first plastic bottle can be lifted on the first plastic bottle. 将第一塑料瓶从洞穴支撑架上脱落时,在第一浮子的作用下,第一塑料瓶能够漂浮到水面上。 When the first support frame from the cave plastic bottles fall, under the action of a first float, a first plastic bottles can float to the surface. 便于第一塑料瓶的回收,能够杜绝塑料瓶沉积在水底对水域造成污染。 Facilitate recovery of the first plastic bottles, plastic bottles can be deposited in the bottom to prevent pollution of the waters.

[0014] 本发明还设有腐透式海藻定期自动播种包,所述腐透式海藻定期自动播种包包括一端开口的耐腐性外壳,所述外壳内设有若干由可被相应水域的水耗费一年时间腐蚀破的隔板分割出的密封的种子储存腔,所述隔板沿外壳的开口端向封闭端依次分布,所述种子储存腔内储存有海藻孢子。 [0014] The present invention also has the formula permeable rot algae planting packet periodically and automatically, through the decay of formula alginic regular automatic sowing corrosion resistance packet includes a housing open at one end, the housing equipped with a plurality of water may be appropriate waters corrosion takes year break separator segmented seed storage chamber sealed, followed by distribution of the separator to the closed end of the housing along the opening end of the seed storage chamber stores algae spores. 当本发明存放在水里历时一年时,从外壳的开口端开始数的第一层隔板被腐蚀透、第一个种子储存腔内的海藻孢子释放出来,在鱼礁周围的区域生长,以便生活在鱼礁及其周边区域的鱼有充足的食物;历时两年时,从外壳的开口端开始数的第二层隔板被腐蚀透、第二个种子储存腔内的海藻孢子释放出来,在鱼礁周围的区域生长。 When the present invention when stored in water over a period of one year starting from the open end of the housing of the first layer is etched through the partition number, first a seed storage chamber algae spores released from the growth in the area around the reef, in order to live fish reef fish and the surrounding region have plenty of food; when the last two years the number of starts from the open end of the housing of the second layer is etched through the separator, the second seed storage chamber algae spores released grown in the area around the reef. 以此类推,使得鱼礁周围每年都有海藻生长。 And so on, so that every year around the reef algae growth. 当腐透式海藻定期自动播种包设定年长到后,在鱼礁上再更换一个新的即可。 When rot through automatic periodic seeding formula alginic older packets to set, on the reefs then replace a new one.

[0015] 本发明具有下述优点,通过塑料瓶制作鱼礁上的洞穴,有利于废弃物的再生利用,能制作出高密度高强度且长寿命的洞穴;塑料瓶同洞穴支撑架之间采用螺纹连接,安装拆卸方便,回收方便,储运方便;洞穴支撑架为柱形,鱼洞的空间错开范围大,便于四面八方的鱼进入鱼礁,当一侧洞穴的鱼受到攻击时,其它侧洞穴的鱼离开洞穴时的方向是远离攻击物的,安全保护效果好;洞穴支撑架采用框架结构且洞穴为塑料瓶,鱼礁的自重轻,水流能够穿过基架,水阻小。 [0015] The present invention has the advantage produced through the cave reef on plastic bottles, is conducive to recycling waste, we can produce a high density and high strength and long life cave; plastic bottles using the same support frame between caves threaded connections, easy installation and removal, easy recovery, easy storage and transportation; cave cylindrical support frame, Yudong spatial offset range, easy to enter the reef fish in all directions, when the attack side of the cave fish, other side of the cave the direction away from the fish out of the cave was attack, good security effect; cave and the cave support frame using the frame structure of plastic bottles, light weight fish reef, the water can pass through the base frame, the water resistance is small.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1为本发明实施例一的立体结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 1 is a perspective schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention.

[0017] 图2为腐透式海藻定期自动播种包的剖视示意图。 [0017] FIG. 2 is a permeable rot formula alginic regular automatic sowing a schematic cross-sectional view of the package.

[0018] 图3为本发明实施例二的立体结构示意图。 [0018] FIG 3 a perspective schematic structural diagram of a second embodiment of the present invention.

[0019] 图4为加强杆的沿长度方向进行剖视的剖视示意图。 [0019] FIG. 4 is a longitudinal direction of the reinforcing rod is a schematic cross-sectional view of a cross-sectional view.

[0020] 图5为本发明实施例三的立体结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 5 a perspective schematic structural diagram of a third embodiment of the present invention.

[0021] 图6为实施例三的只画出一个第一塑料瓶、一个第二塑料瓶和洞穴支撑架局部时的分体状态示意图。 [0021] FIG 6 is a third embodiment of the first draw only a plastic bottle, a schematic view of a separate state in the second partial support frame of plastic bottles and caves.

[0022] 图7为实施例四的第一塑料瓶的立体结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 7 is a perspective schematic structural view of a first embodiment of a plastic bottle fourth embodiment.

[0023] 图8为实施例五的只画出一个第一塑料瓶、一个第二塑料瓶和洞穴支撑架局部时的剖视示意图。 [0023] Example 8 is only shown embodiment five a first plastic bottle, a partial cross-sectional view when a plastic bottle and a second support bracket caves.

[0024] 图中:洞穴支撑架1,横杆材11,竖杆材12,瓶口21,第一塑料瓶2,第一塑料瓶的瓶口21,第一塑料瓶的瓶口上的螺纹22,指爪23,内钩物层24,外钩物层25,第一仔稚鱼穿过孔26,第一塑料瓶的瓶肩27,洞穴3,洞穴口31,成鱼洞穴32,仔稚鱼洞穴33,腐透式海藻定期自动播种包4,外壳41,隔板42,种子储存腔43,海藻孢子44,加强杆5,密封腔51,第一浮子6,连接杆7,第一螺纹套71,第二螺纹套72,第二塑料瓶8,第二塑料瓶的瓶口81,第二塑料瓶的瓶口上的螺纹82,第二仔稚鱼穿过孔83,第二浮子84,锥面841,第二塑料瓶的瓶肩85,扎带9。 [0024] FIG: cave support frame 1, the cross bar member 11, 12, bottle 21, a first plastic bottles 2, 21, the threads on the finish of the first plastic bottles plastic bottle finish first vertical rods 22 , claws 23, the hook inner layer 24, outer layer 25 hook, the first fish larvae through the aperture 26, the first plastic bottle bottle shoulder 27, 3 cave, cave mouth 31, 32 to cave fish, larvae and juveniles 33 cave fish, seaweed formula rot through automatic periodic seeding package 4, a housing 41, a separator 42, seed storage chambers 43, 44 algae spores, reinforcing rods 5, the sealed chamber 51, the first float 6, connecting rod 7, the first thread sleeve 71, a second threaded sleeve 72, the second 8 plastic bottles, plastic bottles of the second bottle 81, a second thread on the finish of the plastic bottle 82, a second fish larvae through the aperture 83, the second float 84, tapered surface 841, a plastic bottle, a second shoulder 85, tie 9.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025] 下面结合附图与实施例对本发明作进一步的说明。 The drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described [0025] below in conjunction.

[0026] 实施例一,参见图1,一种轻量化人造鱼礁,包括洞穴支撑架I。 [0026] Embodiment 1 Referring to FIG 1 A lightweight artificial reef, comprising a support frame cave I. 洞穴支撑架I为通过横杆材11和竖杆材12搭建而成的四棱柱形架。 I cave bracket crossbar a rectangular prism sheet 11 and the frame side rail member 12 is formed by the structures. 横杆材11和竖杆材12为圆杆。 Crossbar member 11 and the vertical rods 12 is a round bar. 横杆材11和竖杆材12为废弃的杆子(含管状结构的杆)。 Crossbar member 11 and the vertical rods 12 is discarded pole (rod including a tubular structure). 横杆材11和竖杆材12为塑料材质。 Crossbar member 11 and the vertical rods 12 of plastic material. [0027] 洞穴支撑架I的四个侧面上密布有若干第一塑料瓶2。 [0027] I cave four sides of the support frame has a plurality of first plastic bottle clouds 2. 第一塑料瓶2为收集回的废弃塑料瓶。 2 is a first plastic bottles collected waste plastic bottles back. 第一塑料瓶的瓶口21带有螺纹(螺纹在图中没有画出)。 A first plastic bottle finish 21 with threads (threads not shown in the drawings). 第一塑料瓶2的内腔构成洞穴3。 A first lumen plastic bottle 3 2 constituting the cave. 第一塑料瓶2的瓶底被去掉后使得底端敞开。 The first plastic bottle after the bottle 2 is removed so that the open bottom end. 第一塑料瓶敞开的底端构成洞穴口31。 The first plastic bottle open bottom end 31 constituting the mouth of the cave. 第一塑料瓶2通过第一塑料瓶的瓶口21上的螺纹同洞穴支撑架I螺纹连接在一起。 The first plastic bottle 2 by the first plastic bottle finish with the threads 21 on the support frame cave I screwed together.

[0028] 洞穴支撑架I的顶端上连接有腐透式海藻定期自动播种包4。 [0028] I cave support frame is connected to the top of Formula permeable rot alginic regular automatic package 4 seeding.

[0029] 参见图2,腐透式海藻定期自动播种包包括上端开口下端封闭的耐腐性外壳41。 [0029] Referring to Figure 2, of formula alginic rot through automatic periodic seeding package housing 41 includes an upper end opening of the corrosion resistance of the closed lower end. 外壳41内设有7层隔板42。 7 housing 41 equipped with a separator layer 42. 隔板42从上向下分布。 Distribution downwardly from the separator 42. 7层隔板42将外壳内部隔出7个密封的种子储存腔43。 7 the inner layer of the separator 42 out of the housing compartment 7 seed storage chamber 43 sealed. 种子储存腔43内储存有海藻孢子44。 Seed storage cavity 43 within the reservoir 44 has seaweed spores. 隔板42的厚度可被相应水域的水耗费一年时间腐蚀出通孔。 The thickness of the separator 42 corresponding to the water may be water consuming year etched vias.

[0030] 使用时,参见图1并结合图2,将洞穴支撑架I和第一塑料瓶2分开运输到需要投放本发明的水域,将第一塑料瓶2螺纹连接在坠体上,然后将本发明投入水中,在坠体I的作用下本发明下沉到水底,一年后从上端开始数的第一层隔板42被腐蚀透、使得从上端开始数的第一个种子储存腔43中的海藻孢子44散开到本发明附近水域,在该水域内生长出海藻。 [0030] In use, see Figure 1 in conjunction with FIG. 2, the caves and a first support frame I 2 plastic bottles need to be transported separately to the water to serve the present invention, the first plastic bottles 2 on the threaded body fall, then the present invention into water, falling under the action of body I of the present invention to sink to the bottom, from the upper end of one year after the start of the first spacer layer 42 is etched through the number, so that from the beginning of the first upper end of a number seed storage cavity 43 the spores of algae spread to the vicinity 44 of the present invention is water, algae grown in the waters. 第二年后从上端开始数的第二层隔板42被腐蚀透、使得从上端开始数的第二个种子储存腔43中的海藻孢子44散开到本发明附近水域,使得该水域第二年内也一定能生长出海藻。 Algae spores from the upper end of the second year after the start of the number of the second spacer layer 42 is transparent to corrosion, beginning from the upper end such that the second number seed storage chamber 4344 to the vicinity of the present invention, the water dispersed, so that the second water During the year also will be able to grow the algae. 依次类推,只需第八年更换上新的腐透式海藻定期自动播种包4,如此循环,即能方便地保证年年有海藻生长。 And so on, simply replace the eighth year of a new type of seaweed rot through regular automatic seeding package 4, and so on, which can easily ensure that every year the growth of algae. 当然可以通过增加海藻种子腔的层数来延长自动播种海藻的年长。 Of course, we can extend the automatic seeding of algae seaweed seed cavity elderly by increasing the number of layers. 本实施例仅为一个例举。 The present embodiment is merely an example.

[0031] 实施例二,同实施例一的不同之处为: [0031] Embodiment 2 differs from the embodiment with one embodiment is:

参见图3,还包括若干加强杆5。 Referring to Figure 3, further comprising a plurality of reinforcing rod 5. 加强杆5为柔性体。 5 is a flexible reinforcing rod body. 加强杆5交错成网状结构。 Reinforcing rod 5 interleaved into a network structure. 在加强杆5的节点连接有第一浮子6。 Node 5 is connected to the reinforcing bar 6 of the first float. 第一浮子6可将第一塑料瓶2浮起。 First float 6 plastic bottles 2 may be lifted first. 第一浮子6固定在第一塑料瓶2上。 The first float 6 is fixed to the first plastic bottle 2.

[0032] 参见图4,加强杆5内设有沿加强杆长度方向延伸的密封腔51,密封腔51内填充有气体。 [0032] Referring to Figure 4, reinforcing rods 5 are equipped with reinforcing seal chamber 51 along the longitudinal direction extending within the sealed chamber 51 filled with a gas. 加强杆5为可依靠自身所受的浮力浮起。 Reinforcing rod 5 may rely on their own float suffered buoyancy.

[0033] 实施例三,同实施例一的不同之处为: [0033] Embodiment 3 differs from the embodiment with one embodiment is:

参见图5,还包括穿过第一塑料瓶的瓶口21并连接在洞穴支撑架I上的连接杆7。 Referring to Figure 5, further comprising a first plastic bottle through the bottle 21 and is connected to the support frame in a cave on the connecting rod 7 I. 连接杆7上连接有第二塑料瓶8。 A second connecting rod connected to a plastic bottle 8 7. 第二塑料瓶8为收集回的废弃塑料瓶。 8 is a second plastic bottles collected waste plastic bottles back. 第二塑料瓶8的瓶底被去掉使得底端敞开。 The second plastic bottle bottom 8 is removed so that the open bottom end. 第二塑料瓶8穿设在第一塑料瓶2内。 The second plastic bottle 8 provided in the first through 2 plastic bottles. 第二塑料瓶8将洞穴3分割为成鱼洞穴32和仔稚鱼洞穴33。 The second plastic bottle 3 is divided into 8 to cave into the cave 32 of fish and larvae of the cave 33.

[0034] 成鱼洞穴32为第二塑料瓶8的内部空间。 [0034] 32 adult fish cave second internal space 8 of the plastic bottle. 仔稚鱼洞穴33位于第二塑料瓶8和第一塑料瓶2之间。 Fish larvae at the second hole 33 and the first plastic bottle 8 between 2 plastic bottles.

[0035] 本实施例中第一塑料瓶2也是通过加强杆(在图中没有画出)连接在一起的。 [0035] In the present embodiment, the first plastic bottles 2 are connected together by a reinforcing rod (not shown in the drawings). 该实施例中的加强杆为刚性连接杆。 Reinforcing bar of this embodiment is a rigid connecting rod. 第一塑料瓶2上也设有第一浮子(在图中没有画出)。 The first plastic bottle 2 is also provided on the first float (not shown in the drawings).

[0036] 参见图6,第二塑料瓶8的侧壁上设有若干第二仔稚鱼穿过孔83。 [0036] Referring to Figure 6, a plastic bottle is provided with a second plurality of second through holes 83 fish larvae on the sidewall 8. 连接杆7上设有第一螺纹套71和第二螺纹套72。 7 the connecting rod 71 is provided with a first threaded sleeve and the second threaded sleeve 72. 连接杆7为螺纹杆。 7 is a connecting rod threaded rod. 第一螺纹套71和第二螺纹套72都螺纹连接在连接杆7上。 The first and second threaded sleeve 71 are threaded sleeve 72 screwed on the connecting rod 7.

[0037] 将第一塑料瓶第二塑料瓶组装到坠体上的方法为:转动第一螺纹套71将第一螺纹套固定到连接杆7上。 [0037] The second assembly of the first plastic bottles plastic bottles to fall on the body of the method: a first rotatable threaded sleeve threaded sleeve 71 is fixed to the first connecting rod 7. 将第一塑料瓶的瓶口21套到连接杆7上,转动第一塑料瓶2使第一塑料瓶2通过第一塑料瓶的瓶口上的螺纹22螺纹连接在第一螺纹套71上。 The first plastic bottle finish jacket 21 to the connecting rod 7, the first plastic bottle 2 is rotated so that the first plastic bottle 2 is connected to the threaded sleeve 71 by a first screw thread on the finish 22 of the first plastic bottle. 转动第二螺纹套72使第二螺纹套72螺纹连接到连接杆7上。 Rotation of the second threaded sleeve 72 of the second threaded sleeve 72 screwed to the connecting rod 7. 将第二塑料瓶的瓶口81套到连接杆7上,转动第二塑料瓶8使第二塑料瓶8通过第二塑料瓶的瓶口上的螺纹82螺纹连接在第二螺纹套72上即可。 The second plastic bottle finish jacket 81 to the connecting rod 7, 8 so that rotation of the second second plastic bottles plastic bottle 8 is connected to the second threaded sleeve 72 by a screw thread 82 on the finish of the second plastic bottle .

[0038] 实施例四,同实施例三的不同之处为: [0038] Embodiment 4 differs from the same according to a third embodiment is:

参见图7,第一塑料瓶2的底端设有向外弯折的指爪23。 Referring to Figure 7, the bottom 2 is provided with a first plastic bottle bent claws 23 outwardly. 指爪23为第一塑料瓶2的侧壁分割弯曲定型而成。 Claws 23 of a first plastic bottle sidewall 2 is divided from the curved shape.

[0039] 指爪23的内表面设有内钩物层24。 [0039] The inner surface of the finger grip 23 is provided with a hook layer 24. 指爪23的外表面设有外钩物层25。 The outer surface of the finger grip 23 is provided with an outer layer 25 hook. 设置钩物层能使海藻泥土等更好地附着在指爪23上,鱼类进食导致指爪上的物体晃动时物体不易从指爪上脱开而飘走,食物不飘走则不会产生鱼因去追随食物而远离鱼礁的现象,鱼在远离鱼礁处受到攻击时逃回鱼礁的时间长、鱼容易被捕猎者猎杀。 A hook mud layer enables better adhesion of algae on the claws 23, eating fish claws on an object cause the object shake is difficult to separate drift away from the claws, the food will not occur without drooping the phenomenon of fish due to follow the food away from the reef fish, reef fish fish fled in a long time away from the reef at the attack, the fish likely to be hunters hunted. 故该结构对鱼的安全防护作用好。 Therefore, the structure of a good security role fish right.

[0040] 内钩物层24和外钩物层25为通过滚花而形成的凹凸纹。 [0040] The inner layer 24 and outer hook hook asperity layer 25 is formed by knurling.

[0041] 实施例五,同实施例四的不同之处为: [0041] Embodiment 5 differs from the embodiment with the fourth embodiment is:

参见图8,图中没有将指爪画出。 Referring to Figure 8, the claws not shown in FIG. 连接杆7仅在自由端设置螺纹。 A threaded connecting rod 7 is provided only at the free end. 第一螺纹套71和连接杆7位于洞穴支撑架的一端上都设有可对齐的通孔。 The first threaded sleeve 71 and the connecting rod 7 has a through hole alignable on one end of the support frame cave. 第一螺纹套71套设在连接杆7上并通过扎带9穿过上述通孔后同连接杆7固定在一起。 A first threaded sleeve 71 is sleeved on the connecting rod and passes through the through hole 7 through 9 with the tie rods 7 are connected together. 该方式装配时快速方便。 Quick and easy assembly of the embodiment.

[0042] 第二螺纹套72螺纹连接在连接杆7的自由端端部上。 [0042] The second threaded sleeve 72 is threaded onto the free end to end portion 7 of the connecting rod.

[0043] 第一塑料瓶2的侧壁上设有第一仔稚鱼穿过孔26。 [0043] provided on a first sidewall of a first plastic bottle 2 through the aperture 26 fish larvae. 第一塑料瓶的瓶肩27上设有第一仔稚鱼穿过孔26。 Bottle provided with a shoulder 27 of the first plastic bottle through a first aperture 26 fish larvae. 第二塑料瓶的瓶肩85上设有第二仔稚鱼穿过孔83。 Bottle provided with a shoulder 85 of the second plastic bottle through a second hole 83 fish larvae. 第二仔稚鱼穿过孔83和第一仔稚鱼穿过孔26错开。 The second fish larvae and a first through hole 83 through the aperture 26 fish larvae and juveniles offset. 仔稚鱼能快速方便地从多个方向进入仔稚鱼洞穴33且不会在慌乱之中错误地从穿过孔离开仔稚鱼洞穴,对仔稚鱼的防护效果好。 Fish larvae can be quickly and easily into the cave fish larvae from a plurality of directions 33 and not mistakenly leave the cave fish larvae through the holes in the panic, a good protective effect on larvae.

[0044] 第二塑料瓶8连接有可将第二塑料瓶浮起的第二浮子84。 [0044] The second plastic bottle connected to a second plastic bottle 8 may be a second floating float 84. 第二浮子84塞紧在第二塑料瓶的瓶口81内。 The second float 84 in the finish 81 of the second plugged plastic bottle.

[0045] 第二浮子84远离第二塑料瓶瓶口的一端设有锥面841。 [0045] The float 84 away from the second end of the second plastic bottle finish 841 is provided with a tapered surface. 对第二浮子的生产精度要求低,生产时方便。 Second float for producing a low accuracy, facilitate the production.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,包括洞穴支撑架和若干瓶口带螺纹且去除了瓶底的第一塑料瓶,所述洞穴支撑架为杆材搭建而成的柱形架,所述第一塑料瓶通过瓶口上的螺纹同所述洞穴支撑架螺纹连接在一起,所述第一塑料瓶的内腔构成洞穴,所述第一塑料瓶敞开的底端构成洞穴口。 A lightweight artificial reefs, characterized in that the support frame comprises a cave and a plurality of threaded bottle is removed and a first bottom of a plastic bottle, the support frame structures made cave is cylindrical holder rods the first bracket with the plastic bottle on the bottle by a threaded hole screwed together, the first plastic bottle cave lumen configuration, the first plastic bottle bottom configuration cave mouth open.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,还包括穿过所述第一塑料瓶的瓶口并连接在所述洞穴支撑架上的连接杆,所述连接杆上设有瓶口带螺纹且去除了瓶底的第二塑料瓶,所述第二塑料瓶通过瓶口上的螺纹同所述连接杆螺纹连接在一起,所述第二塑料瓶穿设在所述第一塑料瓶内,所述第二塑料瓶将所述洞穴分割为成鱼洞穴和仔稚鱼洞穴。 The lightweight artificial reef according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a first plastic bottle through the spout and is connected to the connecting rod in the cave support frame, said connecting rod bottle provided with a threaded plastic bottle and removing a second bottom, said second plastic bottle of the connecting rod by a screw thread on the bottle are connected together with a second plastic bottle is provided through the first a plastic bottle, a plastic bottle of the second cavern is divided into cave fish and larvae of the cave.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述连接杆设有第一螺纹套和第二螺纹套,所述第一塑料瓶螺纹连接在所述第一螺纹套上,所述连接杆的自由端设有螺纹段,所述第二螺纹套螺纹连接在所述螺纹段上,所述第二塑料瓶螺纹连接在所述第二螺纹套上。 The lightweight artificial reef according to claim 2, wherein said connecting rod is provided with a first threaded sleeve and the second threaded sleeve, said first threaded plastic bottle in the first threaded sleeve on the free end of the connecting rod is provided with a threaded section, said second threaded sleeve screwed onto the threaded segment, said second threaded plastic bottle in the second threaded sleeve.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述第二塑料瓶上连接有可将第二塑料瓶浮起的第二浮子。 The weight according to claim 2 of the artificial reefs, characterized in that the second float is connected to a second plastic bottles may be floating on the second plastic bottles.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述第二塑料瓶的侧壁上设有若干仔稚鱼穿过孔。 The lightweight artificial reefs claimed in claim 2, characterized in that a plurality of fish larvae on the sidewall of the second hole through the plastic bottle.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1或2或3或4或5所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述第一塑料瓶的底端设有向外弯折的指爪,所述指爪为所述第一塑料瓶的侧壁分割而成。 The lightweight artificial reef 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or claim 5, wherein said first bottom plastic bottle with outwardly bent claws, the claws said first sidewall is divided in a plastic bottle.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1或2或3或4或5所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述第一塑料瓶通过加强杆固定在一起。 The lightweight artificial reef 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or claim 5, wherein said first reinforcing rod is fixed by a plastic bottle together.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述加强杆为柔性体,所述加强杆内设有沿加强杆长度方向延伸的密封腔,密封腔内填充有气体。 The weight according to claim 7, said artificial reefs, wherein the reinforcing rod is a flexible body, the reinforcing rod seal chamber equipped with reinforcing rods along the longitudinal direction extending, sealed chamber filled with a gas .
  9. 9.根据权利要求1或2或3或4或5所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,所述第一塑料瓶上连接有可将第一塑料瓶浮起的第一浮子。 9. The lightweight artificial reef 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or claim 5, characterized in that the first float is connected to a first plastic bottles may be lifted on the first plastic bottle.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1或2或3或4或5所述的轻量化人造鱼礁,其特征在于,还设有腐透式海藻定期自动播种包,所述腐透式海藻定期自动播种包包括一端开口的耐腐性外壳,所述外壳内设有若干由可被相应水域的水耗费一年时间腐蚀破的隔板分割出的密封的种子储存腔,所述隔板沿外壳的开口端向封闭端依次分布,所述种子储存腔内储存有海藻孢子。 10. The lightweight artificial reef 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or claim 5, wherein the formula further provided rot through regular automatic planting algae package, through the decay of formula alginic packet includes automatically and periodically seeding One end of the opening corrosion resistance a housing may be equipped with a respective plurality of water-water consuming year corrosion to break separator segmented seed storage chamber sealed, the separator along the housing to the open end followed by the distribution closed end of the seed storage chamber stores algae spores.
CN 201210535787 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Light weight artificial fishing reef CN103181347B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210535787 CN103181347B (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Light weight artificial fishing reef

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210535787 CN103181347B (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Light weight artificial fishing reef

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103181347A true true CN103181347A (en) 2013-07-03
CN103181347B CN103181347B (en) 2014-07-16

Family

ID=48673008

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201210535787 CN103181347B (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Light weight artificial fishing reef

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103181347B (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4947791A (en) * 1988-08-19 1990-08-14 Laier James E Artificial reef system
US20090283051A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-19 Brad Metzler Fish habitat
CN203087262U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-07-31 浙江海洋学院 Lightweight artificial fish reef

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4947791A (en) * 1988-08-19 1990-08-14 Laier James E Artificial reef system
US20090283051A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-19 Brad Metzler Fish habitat
CN203087262U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-07-31 浙江海洋学院 Lightweight artificial fish reef

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN103181347B (en) 2014-07-16 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Babbitt et al. Effects of cover and predator size on survival and development of Ranautricularia tadpoles
CN201640195U (en) Fish and shrimp culture artificial nest
Valenti et al. Grow-out systems–monoculture
CN102669019A (en) Alga/fish mixed type three-dimensional ecological fish shelter and feeding method thereof
CN1586188A (en) Manson's sepilla maindroni fry cultivating method
CN2377833Y (en) Deep-sea submersible net cage
Darken et al. Metabolism during delayed hatching in terrestrial eggs of a marine fish, the grunion Leuresthes tenuis
CN203554994U (en) Combined type artificial algal reef
CN101720693A (en) Device and method for cultivating sea cucumber on seabed by using net cage for cultivating shellfish
CN102405868A (en) Seedling inserting rope-shell combined artificial algal reef
CN201160421Y (en) Octopus cultivation cage
Vidal et al. Yolk utilization, metabolism and growth in reared Loligo vulgaris reynaudii paralarvae
Ardizzone et al. Colonization and Disappearance ofMytilus galloprovincialisLam. on an Artificial Habitat in the Mediterranean Sea
CN203262018U (en) Artificial fish reef
CN203313896U (en) Artificial floating reef
CN202750577U (en) Anti-bird feed platform
CN204443664U (en) Simple artificial fish reef
CN103168722A (en) Sinking-floating type artificial fish reef
Rathakrishnan et al. Traditional fishing practices followed by fisher folks of Tamil Nadu
KR20120068735A (en) System for culturing of crab
CN202160551U (en) Small-aperture escape-preventing trapper
CN202112174U (en) Artificial fish gathering device suitable for tuna seine fishery
US20090178328A1 (en) Air cannon bait shooter
CN202496296U (en) Attachment base for culturing sea cucumbers
CN202276739U (en) Daylight collector for Vespa mandarinia Smith

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model