CN103112208A - Environment-friendly fiber/non-woven fabric composite board for home decoration and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Environment-friendly fiber/non-woven fabric composite board for home decoration and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103112208A
CN103112208A CN2012105885483A CN201210588548A CN103112208A CN 103112208 A CN103112208 A CN 103112208A CN 2012105885483 A CN2012105885483 A CN 2012105885483A CN 201210588548 A CN201210588548 A CN 201210588548A CN 103112208 A CN103112208 A CN 103112208A
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fiber
environment
woven fabric
home decoration
substrate
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CN103112208B (en
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刘国忠
陈红武
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SUZHOU MOWEI NATURAL FIBER MATERIAL CO Ltd
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SUZHOU MOWEI NATURAL FIBER MATERIAL CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly fiber/non-woven fabric composite board for home decoration and a preparation method thereof. The environment-friendly fiber/non-woven fabric composite board for home decoration is composed of a base board and a non-woven fabric arranged on the surface of the base board, wherein the base board comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 50-80% of jute fiber, 20-50% of low-melting-point fiber and 0-30% of Alpinia zerumbet fiber. According to the environment-friendly fiber/non-woven fabric composite board for home decoration, the base board is prepared by compounding low-melting-point fibers and jute fibers, the non-woven fabric layer is covered on the base board, and no other components are added, thereby ensuring that the product is free of other harmful chemical substances and causing no harm to the body; and meanwhile, the jute fibers bring favorable moisture absorption and air permeability, and have bacterium resistance and mite prevention effects. The environment-friendly board is light in weight and high in hardness, can be used instead of wallpaper, paint and other decorative materials, and can be directly used in places to be decorated, such as walls, roofs and the like. The preparation method of the environment-friendly composite board is simple in procedures, convenient to operate and easy to realize industrialization; and the gram weight of the prepared product can be up to 100-300 g/m<2>, and the thickness is 0.3-5 mm.

Description

A kind of home decoration non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to decorative materials technology, relate in particular to a kind of home decoration non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
At present, in home decoration, use in a large number coating, wallpaper and composite floor board, in these materials, inevitably contain the harmful substances such as formaldehyde, VOC, people's health is caused very major injury.Therefore work out environment friendly decorative material, seem particularly important.
In CN102300704A; a kind of decorative panel that is formed by natural fiber and protective material is disclosed; this decorative panel is used for automobile decorative panel; comprise basic unit and protective material; basic unit is formed by natural fiber substantially; be selected from: wood-fibred, lignin fibre or other cellulose fibres, for example timber, mestha, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, roselle, rattan, soybean, gumbo, banana fiber, bamboo, coconut, coir fibre, cotton, caroa, abaca, pine, pineapple, raffia and/or sisal hemp.Protective material; it directly is applied to described basic unit in the situation that do not use hotmelt to get involved; and wherein said protective material has the TMA scope of 60 ℃ to 170 ℃, and the material that is selected from the polyalcohol such as polyethers, polyester, polycaprolactone, Merlon or any oil type organic polyhydric alcohol (being soybean, cereal and castor-oil plant) forms.
In CN201627325U, a kind of decorative panel is disclosed, comprise fibrage, be combined into one by the acupuncture complex method between fibrolaminar fiber, and fibrage is the thermoplastic plate form.The utility model is rational in infrastructure, and is easy to use, and result of use is good.
In CN101570109A, a kind of environment friendly decoration board is disclosed, it comprises substrate and is fitted in the lip-deep architectural surface that is made of ornament materials of this substrate one, also be fitted with the pernicious gas adsorption layer of adsorbable pernicious gas on another surface of described substrate.Described pernicious gas adsorption layer can be made of the fabric that bamboo carbon fibre or activated carbon fiber are made, also can be activated carbon or bamboo carbon powder coating, the gas permeability surface layer that also can be consisted of by poromeric material and be attached at least one lip-deep and material layer adsorbable pernicious gas of this gas permeability surface layer and consist of; Wherein, described poromeric material can be nonwoven, woven fabric or paper, and the material layer of described adsorbable pernicious gas can be made of activated carbon powder or bamboo carbon powder; Decorative panel of the present invention absorption pernicious gas effective, and lay also easily, be adapted at promoting the use of in the decoration in the places such as family, office, amusement.
Above patent document is the trial in the environment friendly decorative material field, but it uses in home decoration, also has certain limitation, such as the hardness of material, attractive in appearance, price etc., and can not directly be used for substituting the ornament materials such as coating, wallpaper and use.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: for the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of home decoration non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, make it have environmental protection, attractive in appearance, cost performance high, can directly be used for substituting the ornament materials such as coating, wallpaper and decorate the environments for use such as indoor wall.The present invention also has a purpose to be to provide the preparation method that the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber is used in above-mentioned home decoration.
Technical scheme: in order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of home decoration non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, be comprised of substrate and the nonwoven that is located on substrate surface, described substrate is comprised of each component of following percentage by weight: the low-melting fiber of 50-80% flaxen fiber, 20%-50% and 0% ~ 30% month peach fiber.
Described substrate preferably is comprised of each component of following percentage by weight: the low-melting fiber of 55%-70% flaxen fiber, 25%-40% and 5% ~ 20% month peach fiber.
Described flaxen fiber is selected from hemp, flax, jute, bluish dogbane, sisal hemp, gombo hemp, ramie, piemarker and bluish dogbane etc.
Described low-melting fiber is selected from PLA fiber, PP fiber, ES fiber and PET bicomponent fibers.
Described ES fiber is skin-core structure, and skin is the PE polyethylene, melting range 125-135 ℃; Core is the PP polypropylene, melting range 160-165 ℃.
Described PET bicomponent fibers skin-core structure, skin is the PET polyester fiber, fusing point is 110-120 ℃; Core is the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 260 ℃.
Described nonwoven all has setting on the upper and lower surface of substrate.
A kind ofly prepare described home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, baking oven heat bonding, cold rolling, cooling, cutting obtain the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 1-20m/min; Needling density: 30~500 thorn/cm 2Oven temperature: 170-230 ℃, smoke the time: 0.5min-20min; Cold rolling temperature is 0-30 ℃.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, home decoration of the present invention has with the major advantage of the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber:
(1) having adopted flaxen fiber is raw material, and flaxen fiber has good sucting wet air permeability, and antibiosis anti-acarien, is a kind of fitment material for family of environmental protection.
(2) adopt low-melting fiber and flaxen fiber to be composited, add without other compositions, guaranteed that product does not contain other harmful chemicals, harmless to health, environmental protection.
(3) this environmental protection board light weight, hardness are large; When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
(4) be covered with nonwoven at substrate surface, can select arbitrarily in use, enriched product type, improve the alternative of product, environmental protection simultaneously, pollution-free.
(5) in raw material, increase a month peach fiber, can effectively reduce the product grammes per square metre when guaranteeing product hardness and intensity, give the product special odor, can antibacterial bacteriostatic, strengthen the antiseptic property of product, effectively extend the service life of product.
(6) preparation method of environmental protection board of the present invention, operation is simple, and is easy to operate, is easy to industrialization; Adopt cold rolling process, can help cooling in surely thick, and modified product is surperficial, makes the uneven of product surface become smooth.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber is used in the first home decoration;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber is used in the second home decoration.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the home decoration of the present invention non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, comprise substrate 1 and be located at the lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1, this substrate 1 is comprised of each component of following percentage by weight: the low-melting fiber of 50-80% flaxen fiber, 20%-50% and 0% ~ 30% month peach fiber; Low-melting fiber and 5% ~ 20% month peach fiber of preferred 55%-70% flaxen fiber, 25%-40%.Wherein, flaxen fiber can be one or more in hemp, flax, jute, bluish dogbane, sisal hemp, gombo hemp, ramie, piemarker, bluish dogbane and other natural fibers.Low-melting fiber can be one or more in PLA fiber, PP fiber, ES fiber, PET bicomponent fibers.The ES fiber preferably adopts skin-core structure, and skin is the PE polyethylene, melting range 125-135 ℃; Core is the PP polypropylene, melting range 160-165 ℃.The PET bicomponent fibers preferably adopts skin-core structure, and skin is the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 110-120 ℃; Core is the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 260 ℃.The PLA fiber is acid fiber by polylactic, preferred melting range 140-160 ℃; The PP fiber is polypropylene fibre, preferred melting range 145-165 ℃.Nonwoven 2 can be located on the individual layer surface of substrate 1 (Fig. 1), also can be simultaneously all arranges in the upper and lower surface (Fig. 2) of substrate 1.
Embodiment 1
Home decoration is with environment-protection fiber non-woven fabric compounded plate, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 50% flax and percentage by weight are that (skin-core structure, skin are the PE polyethylene, melting range 125-135 ℃ for 50% ES fiber by percentage by weight; Core is the PP polypropylene, melting range 145-165 ℃) form.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (170 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 20min), cold rolling (0 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 10m/min; Needling density 40 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, the product light weight, hardness is large, and environmental protection is pollution-free, and product type is abundant.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
Embodiment 2
Home decoration is with environment-protection fiber non-woven fabric compounded plate, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 80% jute and percentage by weight are that (skin-core structure, skin are the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 110-120 ℃ for 20% PET bicomponent fibers by percentage by weight; Core is the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 260 ℃) form.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (230 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 0.5min), cold rolling (30 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 1m/min; Needling density 500 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, the product light weight, hardness is large, and environmental protection is pollution-free, and product type is abundant.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
Embodiment 3
Home decoration is with environment-protection fiber non-woven fabric compounded plate, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 50% sisal hemp, percentage by weight are that 20% PLA fiber (melting range 150-160 ℃), percentage by weight are that 30% moon peach is fibrous by percentage by weight.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (210 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 5min), cold rolling (0 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 1-20m/min; Needling density 30 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, product except have light weight, hardness large, have good tensile property, environmental protection and the characteristics such as pollution-free, also have grammes per square metre little, can reach 150g-300g/m 2, thickness range is 0.3-5mm, and is antibacterial, anticorrosion, special fragrance arranged, the advantages such as long service life.
Embodiment 4
Home decoration is with environment-protection fiber non-woven fabric compounded plate, by substrate 1 be located at 1 pair of lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate and form.Substrate 1 is that 55% flaxen fiber (bluish dogbane+ramie+hemp+gombo hemp), percentage by weight are that 25% low-melting fiber (the PP fiber of PLA fiber+melting range 160-165 ℃), percentage by weight are that 20% moon peach is fibrous by percentage by weight.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, the two-sided nonwoven of putting, (190 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 15min), cold rolling (10 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 20m/min; Needling density 80 ~ 150 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, product except have light weight, hardness large, have good tensile property, environmental protection and the characteristics such as pollution-free, also have antibacterially, anticorrosion, special fragrance is arranged, the advantages such as long service life.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
Embodiment 5
Home decoration is with environment-protection fiber non-woven fabric compounded plate, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 55% flaxen fiber (flax+jute+bluish dogbane+sisal hemp+ramie+hemp+piemarker+bluish dogbane), percentage by weight are that 40% low-melting fiber (PP fiber+ES fiber+PET bicomponent fibers), percentage by weight are that 5% moon peach is fibrous by percentage by weight.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (200 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 8min), cold rolling (15 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 12m/min; Needling density 200 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, product except have light weight, hardness large, have good tensile property, environmental protection and the characteristics such as pollution-free, also have antibacterially, anticorrosion, special fragrance is arranged, the advantages such as long service life.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
Embodiment 6
Home decoration is with environmental protection lamina 1, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 70% flaxen fiber (flax+jute+bluish dogbane+sisal hemp+ramie+hemp), percentage by weight are that 25% low-melting fiber (PP fiber+ES fiber+PET bicomponent fibers), percentage by weight are that 5% moon peach is fibrous by percentage by weight.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (200 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 8min), cold rolling (15 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 12m/min; Needling density 50 ~ 100 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, product except have light weight, hardness large, have good tensile property, environmental protection and the characteristics such as pollution-free, also have antibacterially, anticorrosion, special fragrance is arranged, the advantages such as long service life.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.
Embodiment 7
Home decoration is with environmental protection lamina 1, by substrate 1 be located at the single lip-deep nonwoven 2 of substrate 1 and form.Substrate 1 is that 60% flaxen fiber (flax+jute+bluish dogbane+sisal hemp+ramie+hemp), percentage by weight are that 30% low-melting fiber (PP fiber+ES fiber+PET bicomponent fibers), percentage by weight are that 10% moon peach is fibrous by percentage by weight.
Prepare above-mentioned home decoration with the method for the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, (200 ℃ of baking oven heat bondings, 8min), cold rolling (15 ℃), cooling, cutting obtain environmental protection board, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 12m/min; Needling density 300 ~ 350 thorn/cm 2
Product is carried out Performance Detection, product except have light weight, hardness large, have good tensile property, environmental protection and the characteristics such as pollution-free, also have antibacterially, anticorrosion, special fragrance is arranged, the advantages such as long service life.When the product grammes per square metre for preparing reaches 100g-500g/m 2, when thickness is 0.2-5mm, can directly replace the decorative materials such as wallpaper, paint, coating, be directly used in the place that wall, roof etc. need to be decorated; When the environmental protection board grammes per square metre for preparing is 1000-5000g/m 2, when thickness is 8-250mm, can be used as fitment material for family (body of wall, dividing plate, roof decoration board) and directly use.

Claims (8)

1. a home decoration with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, is characterized in that: by substrate (1) be located at the lip-deep nonwoven of substrate (1) (2) and form; Described substrate (1) is comprised of each component of following percentage by weight: the low-melting fiber of 50-80% flaxen fiber, 20%-50% and 0% ~ 30% month peach fiber.
2. home decoration according to claim 1 is with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, and it is characterized in that: described substrate is comprised of each component of following percentage by weight: the low-melting fiber of 55%-70% flaxen fiber, 25%-40% and 5% ~ 20% month peach fiber.
3. home decoration according to claim 1 and 2 is with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, and it is characterized in that: described flaxen fiber is selected from hemp, flax, jute, bluish dogbane, sisal hemp, gombo hemp, ramie, piemarker and bluish dogbane.
4. home decoration according to claim 1 and 2 is with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, and it is characterized in that: described low-melting fiber is selected from PLA fiber, PP fiber, ES fiber and PET bicomponent fibers.
5. home decoration according to claim 4 is with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, and it is characterized in that: described ES fiber is skin-core structure, and skin is the PE polyethylene, melting range 125-135 ℃; Core is the PP polypropylene, melting range 160-165 ℃.
6. home decoration according to claim 4 with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, is characterized in that: described PET bicomponent fibers skin-core structure, and skin is the PET polyester fiber, fusing point is 110-120 ℃; Core is the PET polyester fiber, and fusing point is 260 ℃.
7. home decoration according to claim 1 is with the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, and it is characterized in that: described nonwoven (2) all has setting on the upper and lower surface of substrate (1).
8. one kind prepares the method that the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber is used in home decoration claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: with each component of substrate in required ratio weigh, pre-shredding, mixing, smart shredding, automatically to cotton, preformation net, air lay, upper acupuncture, lower acupuncture, get substrate, put nonwoven, baking oven heat bonding, cold rolling, cooling, cutting obtain the non-woven fabric compounded plate of environment-protection fiber, get final product testing and pack; Wherein, becoming net spee is 1-20m/min; Needling density: 30~500 thorn/cm 2Oven temperature: 170-230 ℃, smoke the time: 0.5min-20min; Cold rolling temperature is 0-30 ℃.
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CN105368085A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-03-02 安徽助成信息科技有限公司 Hemp fiber composite material used for automobile interior
CN111893645A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-11-06 杭州恒邦实业有限公司 Decorative plate reinforcing cloth and preparation process thereof
CN113858747A (en) * 2021-10-08 2021-12-31 季庆丰 Environment-friendly jute fiber composite wallboard and preparation method thereof

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