CN103075842A - Heat and cold balance set - Google Patents

Heat and cold balance set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103075842A
CN103075842A CN2013100256259A CN201310025625A CN103075842A CN 103075842 A CN103075842 A CN 103075842A CN 2013100256259 A CN2013100256259 A CN 2013100256259A CN 201310025625 A CN201310025625 A CN 201310025625A CN 103075842 A CN103075842 A CN 103075842A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
cold
heat exchanger
water
low
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013100256259A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
巢民强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENZHEN J&H INTELLIGENT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHENZHEN J&H INTELLIGENT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHENZHEN J&H INTELLIGENT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SHENZHEN J&H INTELLIGENT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013100256259A priority Critical patent/CN103075842A/en
Publication of CN103075842A publication Critical patent/CN103075842A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B25/00Machines, plant, or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00
    • F25B25/02Compression-sorption machines, plants, or systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B25/00Machines, plant, or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00
    • F25B25/005Machines, plant, or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00 using primary and secondary systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2339/00Details of evaporators; Details of condensers
    • F25B2339/04Details of condensers
    • F25B2339/047Water-cooled condensers

Abstract

The invention belongs to the fields of new energy and energy conservation and environmental protection, and provides a hot and cold balance set. According to the hot and cold balance set, cold and heat in a system are separated and cycled in a balance way, under the condition of not exchanging heat with outside (an external system), the cold and heat are balanced through an inner balancer, the cold and heat which are cycled in the balanced way are synchronously output, and energy waste during operation is avoided. The hot and cold balance set comprises a compressor, a heat source side heat exchanger, a thermostatic expansion valve, a cold source side heat exchanger, and a vapor-liquid separator, which are connected in series through a pipeline. During heating, cold on the cold source side is possibly transmitted to a terminal using cold through a fin radiator, a water cycle radiating device, or other heat exchanger in air, water or a refrigerant, and is utilized effectively; and during refrigeration, heat on the heat source side is possibly transmitted to a terminal using heat through a fin radiator, a water cycle radiating device, or other heat exchanger in air, water or a refrigerant, and is utilized effectively. By the hot and cold balance set, the heat and cold using efficiency of the set can be doubled, zero emission and energy recycle are achieved, investment cost is greatly saved, and the hot and cold inner balance set can be widely applied to various industries and has great social value and economic value.

Description

A kind of cold and hot balance unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to new forms of energy and energy-conserving and environment-protective field, relate in particular to a kind of cold and hot balance unit field, more particularly, a kind of relating to the cold in the system to be separated with heat and balanced recycle, without with the state of extraneous external system heat exchange under, export synchronously cold and the heat of cyclic balance, the cold and hot balance unit of noenergy waste in service.
Background technology
Point out in " " 12 " national strategy new industry development plan ", accelerate development the industrialization of the renewable energy technologies such as technology maturation, nuclear power, wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic and heat utilization, page rock, biomass power generation, underground heat that the market competitiveness is strong and the new forms of energy such as ground temperature energy, biogas, the technology of actively pushing forward are mature on the whole, potentiality to be exploited is large solar energy photovoltaic and hot generating, gasification of biomass, bio-fuel, ocean energy, implement new forms of energy integrated utilization demonstration Important Project.By 2015, new forms of energy accounted for the ratio of total energy consumption and bring up to 4.5%, reduced the carbon dioxide annual emissions more than 400,000,000 tons.By 2015, China's energy-saving potential surpassed 400,000,000 tons of standard coals, can drive the trillion yuan investment, and the energy conservation service industry gross output value can break through 3,000 hundred million yuan.But new forms of energy are used and are also faced the problem of saving cost and protection of the environment.Therefore, the essence of seeing clearly the energy is to solve how to supply cool and thermal power three kinds of base substances with the mode of physics or chemistry most effectively, has become the key of new forms of energy and energy-conserving and environment-protective technology and industry development.
Tradition heating power and air-conditioning equipment all only unidirectionally heat or freeze when heat supply or refrigeration.When heating, the cold that displaces not only is not utilized effectively and also needs to configure multiple device and control environment discharges; In when refrigeration, the cold that displaces not only is not utilized effectively and also needs to configure multiple device and control environment discharges.Universal phenomenon in industry, commerce, national defence, plantation aquaculture and resident living has so just appearred: on the one hand run off that a large amount of useless cold needs are expensive to be disposed when hot heating, also need simultaneously on the other hand to expend energy refrigeration hot.If effectively utilize the cold and hot energy that runs off, amount is applied to industrial production and daily life, can significantly improve energy use efficiency, greatly reduces energy use cost and eco-environmental damage.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cold and hot balance unit, when heating, the cold of low-temperature receiver side may be delivered in air or water or in the refrigerant with cold terminal by heat-exchanger rigs such as fin radiator or waterway circulating heat radiations and be utilized effectively; When refrigeration, the heat of heat source side may be utilized effectively by the terminal that the heat-exchanger rigs such as fin radiator or waterway circulating heat radiation are delivered in air or water or in the refrigerant with heat.Be intended to solve: 1, need heat also to need simultaneously system's hot-cool demand of cold; 2, the system that only needs hot cold, but adjacent other system needs the demand of cold and hot amount; 3, reclaiming cold and hot amount to this unit with hot cold junction arbitrarily, the realization cold cycling is back and forth utilized.The present invention can significantly improve the cold and hot amount service efficiency of unit, realizes zero-emission, and the cost of reducing investment outlay can be widely used in all trades and professions, has far-reaching extensive social value and economic worth.
The present invention realizes like this
A kind of cold and hot balance unit, its compressor 1 usefulness pipeline is connected in series with heat source side heat exchanger 2, heating power expansion valve 3, low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4, gas-liquid separator 5 successively, described heat source side heat exchanger 2 water side-entrances and cooling circulating water pump 6 are connected in series, and described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 water side-entrances and freeze cycle water pump are connected in series.
Above-mentioned heat source side heat exchanger 2 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.
Above-mentioned low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.
Above-mentioned heat source side heat exchanger 2 connects heat source side feed pipe, heat source side cooling circulating water pump 6, heat source side backwater main and corresponding heat source side and uses heat balancing equipment.
Above-mentioned low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 connects low-temperature receiver side feed pipe, low-temperature receiver side freeze cycle water pump 7, low-temperature receiver side backwater main and corresponding low-temperature receiver side and uses heat balancing equipment.
The source of recycled water that above-mentioned heat source side heat exchanger 2 uses comprises the water that circulates in the water in the common pall, the water that extracts or the ground lower coil pipe from well, lake or river, also can be other suitable refrigeration working mediums that heat.
Adopt technique scheme, the present invention places same system with low-temperature receiver side and heat source side heat exchanger, the low-temperature receiver side is connected with heat source side and the end-equipment that is connected corresponding use heat or cold, when needs freeze, the low-temperature receiver side is used for the refrigeration end and freezes such as the room, simultaneously the heat of heat source side can be used for heating end such as the domestic hot-water etc. by equipment such as storage tank or steam generators, when needs heat, heat source side is used for heating terminal to reach the purpose of rising temperature, the cold of low-temperature receiver side can be applied by ice cold-storage or freezer etc. simultaneously, above-mentioned refrigeration or when heating, cold and heat take full advantage of, cold and hot balance is without waste, can reach the optimum state that unit utilizes, farthest improve Energy Efficiency Ratio, reduce the initial investment cost, high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the systematic schematic diagram that the embodiment of the invention provides.
The specific embodiment
In order to make purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1, its compressor 1 usefulness pipeline is connected in series with heat source side heat exchanger 2, heating power expansion valve 3, low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4, gas-liquid separator 5 successively, described heat source side heat exchanger 2 water side-entrances and cooling circulating water pump 6 are connected in series, described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 water side-entrances and freeze cycle water pump are connected in series, form one and can make the therein system of cycle operation of refrigerant, finishing cooling and warming and cold and hot amount all can be by the unit of end-equipment balance use.
See also Fig. 1, described heat source side heat exchanger 2 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.Described heat source side heat exchanger 2, it is used heat balancing equipment by heat source side feed pipe, heat source side cooling circulating water pump, heat source side backwater main and corresponding heat source side and is connected to and forms the water route in the end system or fluorine road system carries out exchange heat.
See also Fig. 1, described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.Described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4, it is connected to by low-temperature receiver side feed pipe, low-temperature receiver side freeze cycle water pump, low-temperature receiver side backwater main and corresponding low-temperature receiver side application heat balancing equipment, and the composition water circuit system carries out exchange heat in the end system.
See also Fig. 1, the source of recycled water that described heat source side heat exchanger 2 uses comprises the water that circulates in the water in the common pall, the water that extracts or the ground lower coil pipe from well, lake or river.
The present embodiment has following thermal balance operating mode, and in this duty, described heat source side heat exchanger 2 is plate type heat exchanger, and described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 is plate type heat exchanger.
Thermal balance operating mode: see also Fig. 1, low-temperature receiver side and heat source side heat are fully used in the thermal balance unit, without waste heat, its main working process is as follows: behind the unit plugged, compressor 1 compression refrigerant enters into heat source side heat exchanger 2, cooling circulating water pump 6 is opened, cooling water and refrigerant carry out heat exchange, water temperature rises, institute's calorific requirement is provided, and the refrigerant condensation temperature reduces, and enters in the heating power expansion valve 3 after 2 condensations of refrigerant process heat source side heat exchanger, by heating power expansion valve 3 throttlings, refrigerant enters evaporation in the low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 after the throttling, and freeze cycle water pump 7 is opened, and chilled water and refrigerant carry out heat exchange, water temperature reduces, institute's chilling requirement is provided, and the refrigerant evaporation endothermic temperature rises, and refrigerant enters in the gas-liquid separator 5 by tube connector between low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger 4 and gas-liquid separator, refrigerant is got back in the compressor 1 after by gas-liquid separator 5, and system enters into next circulation.
In the described thermal balance operating mode, cooling circulating water pump 6, freeze cycle water pump 7 are opened simultaneously.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limiting the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. cold and hot balance unit, it is characterized in that: compressor (1) is connected in series with heat source side heat exchanger (2), heating power expansion valve (3), low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger (4), gas-liquid separator (5) successively with pipeline, described heat source side heat exchanger (2) water side-entrance and cooling circulating water pump (6) are connected in series, and described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger (4) water side-entrance and freeze cycle water pump (7) are connected in series.
2. a kind of cold and hot balance unit as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of the heat exchange of described heat source side heat exchanger employing cold water.
3. a kind of cold and hot balance unit as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of the heat exchange of described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger employing cold water.
4. a kind of cold and hot balance unit as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described heat source side heat exchanger connection heat source side feed pipe, heat source side cooling circulating water pump, heat source side backwater main and corresponding heat source side application heat balancing equipment.
5. a kind of cold and hot balance unit as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described low-temperature receiver side heat exchanger connection low-temperature receiver side feed pipe, low-temperature receiver side freeze cycle water pump, low-temperature receiver side backwater main and corresponding low-temperature receiver side application heat balancing equipment.
6. a kind of cold and hot balance unit as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: the source of recycled water that described heat source side heat exchanger uses comprises the water that circulates in the water in the common pall, the water that extracts or the ground lower coil pipe from well, lake or river; Also can be other cooling and warming working medium.
CN2013100256259A 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Heat and cold balance set Pending CN103075842A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100256259A CN103075842A (en) 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Heat and cold balance set

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100256259A CN103075842A (en) 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Heat and cold balance set
PCT/CN2014/070682 WO2014111020A1 (en) 2013-01-21 2014-01-15 Hot and cold balancer set

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN103075842A true CN103075842A (en) 2013-05-01

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WO (1) WO2014111020A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103543737A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-01-29 巢民强 Special intelligent energy system for marketplace
CN103543736A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-01-29 巢民强 Special intelligent energy system for hotel
WO2014111020A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 深圳市庄合智能产业科技有限公司 Hot and cold balancer set
CN111486613A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-04 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air conditioning system, control method and device thereof and storage medium

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CN101738036A (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-06-16 哈尔滨工业大学 Water chilling unit with self freeze-proofing function

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CN103075842A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-01 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Heat and cold balance set
CN103075848A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-01 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Cold and heat balancing system combining lithium bromide set and refrigeration house
CN103090592A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-08 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Cold and hot external balancer set
CN103075843A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-01 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Hot and cold inner balance set
CN103090587A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-08 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Cold and hot external balance system for combined use of lithium bromide unit and refrigeration storage
CN103090591A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-08 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Cold and hot internal balance system for combined use of lithium bromide unit and refrigeration storage
CN103090486A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-08 深圳市庄合地能产业科技有限公司 Heat balance all-in-on machine
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CN2767943Y (en) * 2005-01-27 2006-03-29 葛晓松 Cold/heat source generating device
CN101738036A (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-06-16 哈尔滨工业大学 Water chilling unit with self freeze-proofing function

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014111020A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 深圳市庄合智能产业科技有限公司 Hot and cold balancer set
CN103543737A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-01-29 巢民强 Special intelligent energy system for marketplace
CN103543736A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-01-29 巢民强 Special intelligent energy system for hotel
CN111486613A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-04 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air conditioning system, control method and device thereof and storage medium

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