CN103071347B - Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device - Google Patents

Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103071347B
CN103071347B CN201310046585.6A CN201310046585A CN103071347B CN 103071347 B CN103071347 B CN 103071347B CN 201310046585 A CN201310046585 A CN 201310046585A CN 103071347 B CN103071347 B CN 103071347B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue gas
large amount
adsorption module
module
blower fan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310046585.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103071347A (en
Inventor
杜峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU REFONTECH INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU REFONTECH INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU REFONTECH INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU REFONTECH INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310046585.6A priority Critical patent/CN103071347B/en
Publication of CN103071347A publication Critical patent/CN103071347A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103071347B publication Critical patent/CN103071347B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

As shown in the figure, a kind of fire disaster escaping flue gas urgent technique, it is characterized in that it mainly comprises flue gas air inlet (1) and the air outlet that purifies air (8), characterized by further comprising high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element (2), blower fan (3), integrated purifying unit (4), catalytic oxidation module (5), function adsorption module (6) and nano adsorption module (7).Its function is that it mainly processes a large amount of flue gases of scene of fire instantaneous relase, a large amount of in purifying smoke with carbon powder dust and the dioxin that exists with solid-liquid particle form etc. for the dense smoke of main component with CO, CO 2, NO x(containing NO and NO- 2), SO 2, VOC and dioxin etc. be the toxic and harmful of main component.

Description

Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device, be specifically related to a kind of fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device had fast except dense smoke particle and the toxic gas of efficient adsorption catalysis.
Background technology
Once breaking out of fire, first can produce a large amount of with carbon black dust and particle etc. for the dense smoke of main component with CO, CO 2, NO x(containing NO and NO 2), SO 2, VOC and dioxin etc. be the toxic and harmful of main component, just have large fire spread subsequently, general flue gas horizontal direction flowing velocity is about 0.5 meter per second, and vertical direction flowing velocity is about 4 meter per seconds.Big fire itself is not the main cause that scene of fire causes casualties, and is only accounted for a little part for scene of fire death toll by the personnel amount that naked light is directly burnt to death.Most personnel death is caused by following two reasons, one by dense smoke be stranded and lose escape chance, and then by the carbon black dust of existence a large amount of in smog, graininess dioxin and CO 2choke until be choked to death Deng institute; Two is a large amount of CO, NO of containing in flue gas x, SO 2, the toxic and harmful such as VOC and dioxin causes personnel poisoning and dead.
Be directly used in way mainly positive mechanical smoke evacuation and the use natural draught system two kinds of means solving scene of fire fume emission problem at present.Mechanical smoke extraction pipeline is effective between 70 DEG C to 280 DEG C in flue-gas temperature, and it is discharged in air and causes new air pollution simultaneously, brings new problem to the improvement of air ambient; The scope of application of natural draught system is very narrow, and must there be the import of cold air and the outlet of heat smoke in room, its essence is the convective motion of heat smoke and cold air, can bring serious atmosphere pollution equally.Therefore, purified treatment is carried out to a large amount of flue gases of the instantaneous appearance in scene of fire and there is very strong Significance for Environment and security implications.
Technical scheme in the present invention be applicable to the how crowded fire-prones of people such as subway station, high ferro Waiting Lounge, airport building, tunnel, compartment, hospital, historical relic's protection, museum, library, exhibition center, the Art Museum, people's air defense, national defence tunnel, market, hotel, public place of entertainment, service trade, biology, food, pharmacy, manufacture, chemical industry, weaving, laboratory, office building, working environment and household public and management place.
The overall technology solution that there is no the emergency processing of fire disaster escaping flue gas at present occurs.
Summary of the invention
Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device of the present invention, can the very first time eliminate rapidly fire produce a large amount of with carbon black dust and particle etc. for the dense smoke of main component with CO, CO 2, NO x, SO 2, VOC and dioxin etc. are the toxic and harmful of main component, for people's escape during fire provides quality time and escape chance; It also avoid the external discharge of a large amount of dusty gas in fire process simultaneously, maintain wholesomeness and the security of environment.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device, it mainly comprises flue gas air inlet and the air outlet that purifies air, also comprise high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element, blower fan, integrated purifying unit, described high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element is installed on fans entrance place, after described integrated purifying unit is located at blower fan, described clean unit is by catalytic oxidation module, and function adsorption module and nano adsorption module form;
The CO that in the described main smoke treatment of catalytic oxidation module, a large amount of meeting existed makes people poisoning, its composition is mainly attached to appropriate noble metal and oxide thereof in alumina carrier surface spraying, and this noble metal comprises palladium (Pd), gold (Au);
Described function adsorption module, the CO that in main smoke treatment, a large amount of meeting existed makes people suffocate 2, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in LiOH, soda lime, hydramine and microporous polymer;
Described nano adsorption module, a large amount of NO, NO existed in main smoke treatment 2, SO 2, VOC and dioxin poisonous and harmful substance, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in cocoanut active charcoal, palladium active carbon and active fruit shell carbon etc.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Present invention employs high-temperature fibre filter, form high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filtering module, can resistance to flue-gas temperature up to 500 DEG C; Present invention employs efficient integrated purifying processing module, CO, the CO that can efficiently be rich in smoke treatment 2, NO x, SO 2, the toxic and harmful such as VOC and dioxin.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure, 1-flue gas air inlet, 2-is high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element, 3-blower fan, 4-integrated purifying unit, 5-catalytic oxidation module, 6-function adsorption module, 7-nano adsorption module, 8-purifies air air outlet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device, comprise flue gas air inlet 1 and the air outlet 8 that purifies air, characterized by further comprising high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element 2, blower fan 3, integrated purifying unit 4, clean unit 4 is made up of catalytic oxidation module 5, function adsorption module 6 and nano adsorption module 7; The CO that in the main smoke treatment of catalytic oxidation module 5, a large amount of meeting existed makes people poisoning, its composition is mainly attached to appropriate noble metal and oxide thereof in alumina carrier surface spraying, and this noble metal comprises palladium (Pd), gold (Au); Function adsorption module 6, the CO that in main smoke treatment, a large amount of meeting existed makes people suffocate 2, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in LiOH, soda lime, hydramine and microporous polymer; Nano adsorption module 7, a large amount of NO, NO existed in main smoke treatment 2, SO 2, VOC and dioxin poisonous and harmful substance, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in cocoanut active charcoal, palladium active carbon and active fruit shell carbon etc.
Embodiment 1:
This technology can be applicable to scene of fire, public place according to actual conditions and requirement, blower fan 3 dynamic absorption during a large amount of flue gases that scene of fire produces are illustrated by technology enters corresponding intrument inside by smoke air inlet 1, high-temperature flue gas is first through high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element 2, the high temperature carbon black pellet that high-temperature flue gas contains after filter element 2 and be filtered unit 2 with the various dust material 99.9% such as bioxin that solid-liquid particle form exists and adsorb, air through filter element 2 enters clean unit 4 subsequently, successively through catalytic oxidation module 5, function adsorption module 6 and nano adsorption module 7.Wherein catalytic oxidation module 5 main component is aluminium oxide (Al 2o 3) area load precious metal palladium (Pd), can more than 95% be reached to the removal amount of CO in flue gas; Function adsorption module 6 main component is lithium hydroxide (LiOH), to CO in flue gas 2removal amount can reach more than 70%; Nano adsorption module main component is cocoanut active charcoal, to NO in flue gas x, SO 2, VOC and dioxin removal amount can reach more than 99%, the cleaned air after clean unit purification drains into site environment by clean air outlet 8 subsequently.
Embodiment 2:
This technology can be applicable to scene of fire, public place according to actual conditions and requirement, blower fan 3 dynamic absorption during a large amount of flue gases that scene of fire produces are illustrated by technology enters corresponding intrument inside by smoke air inlet 1, high-temperature flue gas is first through high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element 2, the high temperature carbon black pellet that high-temperature flue gas contains after filter element 2 and be filtered unit 2 with the various dust material 99.9% such as dioxin that solid-liquid particle form exists and adsorb, air through filter element 2 enters clean unit 4 subsequently, successively through catalytic oxidation module 5, function adsorption module 6 and nano adsorption module 7.Wherein catalytic oxidation module 5 main component is aluminium oxide (Al 2o 3) area load Precious Metals-Gold (Au), can more than 98% be reached to the removal amount of CO in flue gas; Function adsorption module 6 main component is soda lime (Ca (OH) 2), to CO in flue gas 2removal amount can reach more than 40%; Nano adsorption module 7 main component is nucleocapsid active carbon, to NO in flue gas x, SO 2, VOC and dioxin removal amount can reach more than 80%, the cleaned air after clean unit purification drains into site environment by clean air outlet 8 subsequently.
The part that the present invention does not relate to prior art that maybe can adopt all same as the prior art is realized.

Claims (1)

1. a fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device, it mainly comprises flue gas air inlet (1) and the air outlet that purifies air (8), characterized by further comprising high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element (2), blower fan (3), integrated purifying unit (4), described high temperature resistant dust carbon black pellet thing filter element (2) is installed on blower fan (3) porch, after described integrated purifying unit (4) is located at blower fan (3), described integrated purifying unit (4) is made up of catalytic oxidation module (5), function adsorption module (6) and nano adsorption module (7);
The CO that in the main smoke treatment of described catalytic oxidation module (5), a large amount of meeting existed makes people poisoning, its composition mainly sprays the appropriate noble metal of load and oxide thereof at alumina carrier surface, and this noble metal comprises palladium (Pd), gold (Au);
Described function adsorption module (6), the CO that in main smoke treatment, a large amount of meeting existed makes people suffocate 2, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in LiOH, soda lime, hydramine and microporous polymer;
Described nano adsorption module (7), a large amount of NO, NO existed in main smoke treatment 2, SO 2, VOC and dioxin poisonous and harmful substance, its composition one or more mixtures mainly in cocoanut active charcoal, palladium active carbon and active fruit shell carbon.
CN201310046585.6A 2013-02-06 2013-02-06 Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device Active CN103071347B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310046585.6A CN103071347B (en) 2013-02-06 2013-02-06 Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310046585.6A CN103071347B (en) 2013-02-06 2013-02-06 Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103071347A CN103071347A (en) 2013-05-01
CN103071347B true CN103071347B (en) 2016-01-13

Family

ID=48148169

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310046585.6A Active CN103071347B (en) 2013-02-06 2013-02-06 Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103071347B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104436882A (en) * 2013-09-22 2015-03-25 江苏瑞丰科技实业有限公司 Smoke emergency processing apparatus for fire escape
CN105289152A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-03 朱忠良 Method used for removing automobile peculiar smell
CN105435555A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-03-30 朱忠良 Method for removing peculiar smell from automobile
CN105435628A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-03-30 朱忠良 Method for removing peculiar smell from automobile
CN105289153A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-03 朱忠良 Method used for removing automobile peculiar smell
CN105298940A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-02-03 无锡清杨机械制造有限公司 Bathroom exhaust fan with purification function
CN113648756A (en) * 2021-10-21 2021-11-16 清华大学 Fire smoke circulating and purifying device and method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3961019A (en) * 1973-03-30 1976-06-01 Shinobu Satoh Method for purification of exhaust gases
CN2221175Y (en) * 1995-04-21 1996-02-28 北京工业大学 Compound room air purifier
CN2240389Y (en) * 1995-11-24 1996-11-20 李太根 Automatic smoke and dust removing device
CN202191819U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-04-18 江苏瑞丰科技实业有限公司 Tunnel waste gas purification device integrating dust removal and normal-temperature adsorption

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3961019A (en) * 1973-03-30 1976-06-01 Shinobu Satoh Method for purification of exhaust gases
CN2221175Y (en) * 1995-04-21 1996-02-28 北京工业大学 Compound room air purifier
CN2240389Y (en) * 1995-11-24 1996-11-20 李太根 Automatic smoke and dust removing device
CN202191819U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-04-18 江苏瑞丰科技实业有限公司 Tunnel waste gas purification device integrating dust removal and normal-temperature adsorption

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103071347A (en) 2013-05-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103071347B (en) Fire disaster escaping flue gas emergency treatment device
CN204003651U (en) Exhaust Air Cleaning fan
CN102410586A (en) Purification treatment device for PM2.5-level dust collecting and carried bacterium killing
CN104406244A (en) Air purifying treating device
CN202734060U (en) Ventilation system PM2.5 and air contaminant cleaning treatment device
CN202497789U (en) PM2.5 integrated air purifying treatment device
CN202757209U (en) Wall-hanging type particulate matter (PM) 2.5 air purifier
CN202328550U (en) Purification treatment device for collection of PM2.5 dust and killing of germs carried by PM2.5 dust
US20220032231A1 (en) Air Purification Device
CN201711063U (en) Welding waste-gas processing device
CN204403979U (en) There is the light fixture of air-cleaning function
CN203823959U (en) Fresh air PM2.5 processing system
CN101829465B (en) Welding waste gas treatment device
CN203170174U (en) Fire safety and air purification integrated device
CN205261764U (en) Novel air purifier
CN203329532U (en) Emergency flue gas treatment device for fire disaster escape
CN107511062A (en) A kind of air purifier and its purification method containing low-temperature catalytic burning unit
CN203298401U (en) Large air purifier
CN203810569U (en) Purifying disinfecting device for controlling air infection and air quality
CN204421231U (en) A kind of purification of air processor
CN105299789A (en) Laminar flow oxygen production and purification system
CN202675481U (en) Ceiling PM 2.5 air purifier
CN102896004A (en) Fully-enclosed circular reagent cabinet
CN202715354U (en) Oily fume purifying device
CN202675482U (en) Portable PM2.5 air purification treater

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant