CN103026128A - Method for producing a light-radiating surface and a lighting device for implementing the method - Google Patents

Method for producing a light-radiating surface and a lighting device for implementing the method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103026128A
CN103026128A CN2010800632162A CN201080063216A CN103026128A CN 103026128 A CN103026128 A CN 103026128A CN 2010800632162 A CN2010800632162 A CN 2010800632162A CN 201080063216 A CN201080063216 A CN 201080063216A CN 103026128 A CN103026128 A CN 103026128A
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light
radiation
light emitting
means
surface
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CN2010800632162A
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Chinese (zh)
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Y.B.索科洛夫
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迪斯普拉斯有限责任公司
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Priority to PCT/RU2010/000045 priority Critical patent/WO2011096837A1/en
Publication of CN103026128A publication Critical patent/CN103026128A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V9/00Elements for modifying spectral properties, polarisation or intensity of the light emitted, e.g. filters
    • F21V9/30Elements containing photoluminescent material distinct from or spaced from the light source
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V5/00Refractors for light sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2105/00Planar light sources
    • F21Y2105/10Planar light sources comprising a two-dimensional array of point-like light-generating elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]

Abstract

A method for producing a light-radiating surface and a lighting device for implementing the method relate to lighting technology, specifically to LED lighting devices which are intended for producing external and internal lighting. The method for producing a light-radiating surface comprises operations for generating a stream of radiation; establishing the direction of flow of a light-reflecting structure; irradiating luminophore particles forming a first means for transforming the stream of radiation; and using a stream of light to irradiate a second means for transforming the stream of radiation, which means is produced from an optically transparent material and is equipped with scattering means. The lighting device comprises a radiation source in the blue and/or ultraviolet range of the spectrum; a first means for transforming the radiation, which means is equipped with luminophore particles; a light-reflecting structure which can change the radiation direction; and a second means for transforming the radiation, which means is equipped with light-scattering elements, is constructed from an optically transparent material and has a light-radiating surface.

Description

用于产生光辐射表面的方法以及用于实施所述方法的发光设备 A method for producing a light-radiating surface and a light emitting device for implementing the method of

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及发光技术,更具体,本发明涉及用于产生外部和内部发光的LED发光设备。 [0001] The present invention relates to a light emitting technology, and more particularly, the present invention relates to the external and internal light emission for producing LED lighting device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为了改善人机工程特性,发光设备不应产生耀眼的光和辐射表面的亮度的突然跳跃变化,这可能导致不舒适感。 [0002] In order to improve the ergonomics, the light emitting device should not create sudden jump change in luminance of dazzling light radiating surface, which may cause discomfort. 提到的该效果源于辐射源的亮度的高水平以及辐射源的小的角度尺寸。 This effect is referred to a high level from the brightness of the radiation source and a small angle of radiation source size. 最常见地,通过利用主要将保护-装饰功能与光散射功能相组合的各种装置来散射辐射而解决该问题。 Most commonly, by using the primary protection - and decorative functions combined light scattering function of the scattered radiation and various means to solve this problem. 另一种解决所提到的问题的方法是将主要辐射分布到表面亮度不导致不适感且足以确立标准的发光水平的大的光辐射表面上。 Another method to solve the problem mentioned is distributed to the radiating main surface brightness is not sufficient to establish cause discomfort and a large light-radiating surface on a standard light emission levels.

[0003] 已知一种用于产生大的光辐射表面的方法,该方法包括:含有紫外线成分的球形辐射流的生成;使用所述流来照射应用于由光学透明材料制成的椭圆形封壳的内表面的发光体层;将紫外线部分转变成可见红光;辐射直接辐射流和来自封壳的外表面的转变辐射流(ZS Voznesenskaya等人的“电光源”,由Gosenergoizdat出版社于莫斯科出版,1957年,第186页)。 [0003] discloses a method for producing a large surface of the light radiation, the method comprising: generating a spherical radiation containing ultraviolet component stream; applied using the irradiating elliptical stream made of optically transparent material seal the phosphor layer of the inner surface of the shell; into the ultraviolet part of the visible red light; Radiative transition radiation and direct a stream of radiation from the outer surface of the envelope (ZS Voznesenskaya et al., "light source" by Press, Moscow Gosenergoizdat Publishing, 1957, p. 186).

[0004] 现有技术的该方法具有与本发明的特征类似的特征,并且描述了具有校正的色度的水银放电灯的制造。 The method [0004] The prior art has the features of the invention similar features, describes the manufacture of mercury and a correction of the chromaticity of the discharge lamp. 发光体颗粒向封壳的内表面的应用已经由校正气体放电产生的辐射的光谱的需要而规定。 Phosphor particles require radiation spectrum at a predetermined discharge have been applied to the inner surface of the envelope by the calibration gas. 除了与在测量气体放电光源的筒中的水银时的对环境有危害的动作相关之外,现有技术的方法还是能量密集且劳力密集的过程。 In addition there is associated with the action when the environmentally hazardous mercury discharge light source in the measurement gas in the cylinder, the prior art method is labor-intensive and energy intensive process.

[0005] 已知一种产生大的光辐射表面的方法,该方法包括:通过多个单光源生成辐射流,每个单光源将辐射流导向空间角度;使用所述流来照射应用于由光学透明材料制成的板的发光涂层的表面元件;通过发光体转变辐射部分的波长;辐射直接辐射流和来自板的表面元件dS的转变辐射流;集成来自板的整个光辐射表面S的光的基本流(2007年6月20日出版的RF 专利No. 2301475,IPC H01063/06)。 [0005] discloses a method for the large radiating surface of the light generated, the method comprising: generating a plurality of single radiation source streams, each stream towards a single light source radiation spatial angle; using the optical flow is irradiated by the applied the light emitting element of surface coating made of a transparent plate material; converted by the wavelength of the radiation emitter portion; Radiative transition radiation and direct radiation streaming from the surface element dS of the plate; the entire integrated optical light radiation surface S from the plate Elementary stream (June 20, 2007 issue of RF patent No. 2301475, IPC H01063 / 06).

[0006] 现有技术的该方法旨在产生大的平面表面的统一的光强度。 The method [0006] The prior art is intended to produce a uniform light intensity of the planar surface. 发光二极管(LED)已经被用作现有技术的方法中的单个辐射源。 A single radiation source of the luminescent diode (LED) has been used in the prior art. 在发光体层中发生LED辐射散射,在发光体层上,被照射的表面的区域dS由空间角度的值dQ决定。 LED radiation scattering in the phosphor layer on the light emitting layer, the surface of the irradiated area dS is determined by the solid angle dQ value. 在入射辐射的散射之后,区域dS的表面亮度保持不统一并且随着与LED光轴的距离增大而降低,这导致整个光辐射表面S的不统一的发光出射角。 After the scattering of the incident radiation, the surface area remains uniform luminance dS and as the distance from the optical axis of the LED decreases and increases, which results in non-uniform light emission throughout the light-radiating surface S of the exit angle. 使用透镜进行的辐射源分布的预校正涉及LED发光二极管的成本的增大和发光设备制造的复杂性,并且不是总是经济可行的。 The radiation source using the pre-distribution correction lens to an LED light-emitting diodes increase in cost and complexity of manufacturing the light emitting device, and is not always economically feasible.

[0007] 已知一种用于产生大的光辐射表面的器件,其包括:壳体;位于壳体内的辐射源;由光学透明材料制成的板,其位于辐射源的前方并且设有发光体覆层(2007年6月20日出版的RF 专利No. 2301475,IPC H01063/06)。 [0007] is known for a large surface of the light radiation device, comprising: a housing; a radiation source located within the housing; plate made of optically transparent material, positioned in front of the radiation source and provided with a light emitting body cladding (June 20, 2007 issue of RF patent No. 2301475, IPC H01063 / 06).

[0008] 现有技术的该方法的缺点是当与入射在被照射表面上的照射束的轴线的距离增大时由亮度降低造成的光辐射表面的不统一的发光出射角。 [0008] The disadvantage of this method is that prior art, when increasing distance from the axis of the illumination beam incident on the irradiated surface of the light-radiating surface luminance reduction caused by non-uniform light emission exit angle. 此外,板的使用极大地限制了现有技术器件的可能应用范围。 In addition, using a plate greatly restricts the possible range of applications of the prior art devices.

[0009] 已知一项专利,其中,发射器件包括:处于光谱的紫外线范围内的发光二极管(LED)光源;平面体,其由光学透明树脂制成并且含有分散的发光体颗粒;以及与光传输无机颗粒一起的光储存体(2006年6月10日出版的RF专利No. 2319063,IPC F21V9/00)。 [0009] A patent is known, wherein the transmitting device comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) in the spectral range of ultraviolet light; planar body, which is made of an optically transparent resin and containing dispersed phosphor particles; and the light (RF Patent 2006, published June 10, No. 2319063, IPC F21V9 / 00) with a light transmitting inorganic particle storage body.

[0010] 现有技术的该方案的优点在于使用对观察者不可见的辐射源。 An advantage of this embodiment of [0010] the prior art is the use of radiation invisible to the observer. 作为该方案的缺点,可能要提到多部件面板的设计复杂性:这种面板的制造本身构成了复杂的工程问题,并且很可能是昂贵的物件。 As a disadvantage of this solution, it may be mentioned multi-part design complexity panel: manufacturing such panels themselves constitute a complex engineering problems, and the object is likely to be expensive. 此外,在其说明书中声明的15. 5 cd/m2的光强度看起来显然不足以制造用于一般照明的发光设备。 Further, the light intensity in its specification statement 15. 5 cd / m2 appears clearly insufficient for manufacturing a light emitting apparatus for general illumination.

[0011] 已知一种用于一般的局部照明的设备,其含有沿着光学透明管的轴线设置到表面的紫外光发射二极管,其中在该表面应用有将不可见辐射转变为可见光的发光体层(2002年5 月10 日出版的专利No. JP 2002133910, IPC F2158/04)。 [0011] Usually known a device for local lighting, comprising a transparent tube disposed along the optical axis to the surface of the ultraviolet light-emitting diodes, which will not be visible as light radiation into visible light on the surface of application layer (May 10, 2002 published patent No. JP 2002133910, IPC F2158 / 04).

[0012] 现有技术的该方案的缺点在于辐射源在狭窄的封闭管中的分配,这限制了光辐射表面形式的选择。 A disadvantage of this solution [0012] the prior art in that the radiation source distribution in a narrow closed tube, which limits the choice of the form of light-radiating surface. 此外,难以从管中的LED提取热量,而LED过热降低了其光辐射容量。 Further, it is difficult to extract heat from the tube LED, while the LED light radiation superheated reducing its capacity. 最有可能地,现有技术的组件用来与低功率LED —起使用并且不能够产生一般照明所需的光水平。 Most likely, the prior art assembly for low power LED - used together and can not produce the desired level of light for general illumination.

[0013] 已知一种发光组件,其包括:壳体;用于与电功率源连接的装置;一系列发光二极管,所述发光二极管安装在壳体内并且在输出波长上足以激发能接受电磁波谱的紫外线区域的发光体;电功率转化装置,用来将功率转化成用于被所述发光二极管使用的已知电压;透明板,其具有被发光体覆盖的内表面区域,被发光体激发的且对裸眼可见的光穿过该透明板传输(2000年5月30曰出版的美国专利No. 6068383,IPC E2158/04)。 [0013] discloses a lighting assembly, comprising: a housing; means electrically connected to the power source for; a series of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diode is mounted within the housing and at the output wavelength sufficient to excite the electromagnetic spectrum acceptable the ultraviolet emitter region; electric power conversion means for a known power voltage is converted to the light emitting diode used; a transparent plate having an inner surface covered by the emitter region, and the excited phosphor on visible to the naked eye through the transparent light transmission plate (2000, published May 30, said U.S. Patent No. 6068383, IPC E2158 / 04).

[0014] 已知的该同类装置的缺点在于由发光二极管从光轴的侧向发射的光流的损失、以及光辐射表面的不统一的出射角,其中光辐射表面的不统一的出射角是由于当与被照射区域的光轴的距离增大时入射在被照射区域上的光流的强度降低以及由于缺乏使光辐射表面的表面亮度和照射颜色平滑的装置而导致的。 [0014] The disadvantage of the known device is that the same flow loss of light emitted by the light emitting diodes from the optical axis side, and a non-uniform surface of the light radiation angle, wherein the non-uniform surface of the light exit angle of the radiation is because when the increasing distance from the optical axis of the irradiation region to reduce the intensity of incident light on the illuminated area due to lack of flow and the surface brightness and color of the irradiation light radiating surface smoothing apparatus caused.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0015] 本发明的技术效果在于增大了辐射颜色和光辐射表面的表面亮度的统一性、以及增强了设计具有这种类型的表面的发光设备的处理能力。 [0015] Technical effect of the invention is to increase the radiating surface color and brightness of the light-radiating surface uniformity, and enhance the processing capability of the light emitting device having a design of this type of surface.

[0016] 用于产生光辐射表面的方法的特征在于以下主要特征: Wherein [0016] A method for generating light radiating surface is characterized by the following main features:

用于产生光辐射表面的方法包括:通过发光二极管(LED)发射器生成辐射流;通过光反射结构的表面确立辐射流的方向;利用所确立的辐射流照射形成用于转变辐射流的第一装置的发光体颗粒;通过发光体颗粒辐射可见光流;通过可见光流照射用于转变辐射流的第二装置,该装置能够散射光流并且由光学透明的材料制成;从用于转变的第二装置的表面辐射可见光流。 A method for generating light radiating surface comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) generating a stream of radiation emitter; establish flow direction of the radiation reflected by the surface of the optical structure; irradiating radiation flow established by forming a first stream of radiation for transforming particles emitting device; visible light radiation by the phosphor particles flow; a second means for transforming the radiation flow stream for irradiating visible light, the light scattering means can be made of a stream and an optically transparent material; a second transition from the It means the visible surface of the radiation flow.

[0017] 所述方法的替代形式提供了转变辐射流的顺序的变化,由此,首先转变LED辐射流的波长,然后通过光反射结构的表面确立辐射流的方向。 The alternatives [0017] The method provides a change in the order of transition radiation flow, whereby the flow first converted wavelength of the LED radiation, and then to establish the flow direction of the radiation reflected by the surface of the optical structure. 在该最后的实施例中,转变LED辐射的顺序的变化对所声明的技术效果没有影响。 Sequentially changed in this last embodiment, the transition of the LED radiation has no effect on the technical result declared.

[0018] 实施用于产生光辐射表面的方法的发光设备的特征在于以下主要特征: A light-emitting device of the method of [0018] embodiment of the light-radiating surface for generating characterized by the following main features:

发光设备包括:光源,其包括安装在面板上的至少一个发光二极管(LED)发射器,所述至少一个发光二极管(LED)发射器生成处于光谱的蓝光和/或紫外线范围内的辐射流;第一装置,其由发光体颗粒形成,用于转变辐射流;能够确立辐射流的方向的光反射结构;用于转变辐射的第二装置,该装置配备有光散射元件,由光学透明的材料制成并且具有光辐射表面。 A light emitting apparatus comprising: a light source comprising at least one light emitting diode (LED) mounted on the panel transmitter, the at least one light emitting diode (LED) emitting blue light generated in the spectrum and / or a stream of radiation in the ultraviolet range; second a device, which is formed by a light emitting particles, for transforming the stream of radiation; a light reflection structure can be established the flow direction of the radiation; second means for transforming the radiation, the apparatus is equipped with light scattering element, an optically transparent material and as having a light-radiating surface.

[0019] 陈述为“用于转变辐射流的第一装置”的本发明的主要特征应当理解为意指多个发光体颗粒,所述多个发光体颗粒的空间布置由表面上或空间中的包含所述颗粒的部分的构型决定。 [0019] stated to be the main feature of the invention "means for transforming a first stream of radiation" should be understood to mean a plurality of phosphor particles, said plurality of phosphor particles on the surface or by the spatial arrangement of space said particles comprising configuration decision section.

[0020] 本发明的下述特征应当指明为扩充的和/或指定的特征: [0020] The following features of the present invention should be specified for the expansion and / or specified features:

-用于转变辐射的第一装置的发光体颗粒的成分使得能够产生处于可见光谱内的光 - a first component for the phosphor particles means that the transition radiation is capable of generating light in the visible spectrum

流; flow;

-用于转变辐射的第一装置包括具有余晖效果的颗粒,所述颗粒不仅有助于光流的平滑,还使得能够获得紧急救援照明形式的附加技术效果; - first means for transforming the radiation comprising particles having afterglow effect, the particles not only contributes to the smooth flow of light, also makes it possible to obtain an additional emergency lighting in the form of technical effects;

-用于转变辐射流的第一装置位于光学透明基板的表面上和/或材料中,光学透明基板是所述装置的实施方式中的一种。 - first means for transforming the radiation flow located on the surface of the optically transparent substrate and / or materials, optically transparent substrate is an embodiment of the device.

[0021] 申请人意在使术语“基板”被理解为由能够建立刚性表面和柔性表面两者的光学透明材料完成的设计的细节; [0021] Applicant is intended that the term "substrate" is understood to be able to establish the details of both the surface and the rigid surface of the optically transparent material of the flexible complete design;

-用于转变辐射的第一装置位于光学透明基板的表面上和/或材料中,该光学透明基板覆盖发光二极管(LED)发射器并且是用于转变辐射的第一装置的载体; - first means for transforming the radiation transparent substrate of the optical surface and / or materials, optically transparent substrate to cover the light emitting diode (LED) emitters and a first carrier means for transforming the radiation;

-覆盖发光二极管的基板制造成中空的三维外形,其壁厚取决于材料的光学属性并且基于辐射流的最低可能损失以及可获得的用于其制造的处理能力来确定,基板的最佳实施例应当为旋转半球形或抛物面形的形式; - covering the light emitting diode substrate manufacturing a hollow three-dimensional shape, its thickness depending on the optical properties of the material and is determined based on the lowest possible loss of the stream of radiation and the availability of processing power for its manufacture, the preferred embodiment of the substrate It is a rotating hemispherical or parabolic form;

-光学透明基板的表面被图案化,这使得能够执行光流的初级散射并且有助于用于获得光辐射表面亮度的统一性的条件的改善; - the surface of the optically transparent substrate is patterned, which makes it possible to perform light scattering primary stream and help improve conditions for obtaining light emission surface brightness uniformity;

-用于转变辐射流的第一装置被应用于基板的图案化表面,因此增加了转变辐射的区域; - first means for transforming the radiation flow is applied to the patterned surface of the substrate, thereby increasing the transition regions of the radiation;

-用于转变辐射流的第一装置被应用于光学透明的平面基板的表面,该平面基板位于距光反射结构距离hi (单位为mm)处,该值在I彡hi彡40的范围内获取,以利用光波的叠加和干涉两者使光点的相邻区域的亮度平滑。 - means for transforming a first stream of radiation is applied to the surface of the optical transparent planar substrate, the substrate is positioned away from the planar light reflecting structure (in mm) at a distance hi, the value I acquired in the range of 40 San San hi to superimposition of light waves and interference of the light spot brightness both smooth adjacent regions.

[0022]-用于转变辐射的第二装置制造成板的形式,该板位于其中设置有光散射元件的表面中的一个内或一个上,并且该板用作发光设备的保护元件,同时散射光流并执行光辐射功能; [0022] - in the form of a second means for transforming the radiation into a manufactured plate, or the plate is provided on a light-scattering element wherein an inner surface, and a light emitting element of the plate used as a protective device, while scattering an optical flow and performs the function of optical radiation;

-表面光散射元件制造成没有锋利的边缘的规则的浮凸部的形式,例如,半球的形 - surface of the light scattering portion is in the form of relief element manufactured without sharp edges rules, e.g., a hemisphere-shaped

式; formula;

-用于转变辐射的第二装置的板位于距用于转变辐射的、载体为透明平面基板的第一装置距离h2处,其中h2不超过50 mm,并且基于指定条件对距离的选择使得能够使板表面的光强度平滑以及平整辐射颜色的差异; - a second plate means located at the transition from the radiation for transforming the radiation, the carrier is a first transparent planar substrate means at a distance h2, where h2 is not more than 50 mm, and selection of the specified condition based on the distance makes it possible to light intensity plate surface smooth and even radiation differences in color;

-用于转变辐射的第二装置的板配备有发光体颗粒并且位于距光反射结构距离H处,其中H不超过50 mm,并且基于指定条件对距离的选择使得能够使板表面的光强度平滑以及平整辐射颜色的差异;-光反射结构由设有光散射表面的反射器形成,每个反射器围绕发光二极管(LED)发射器中的一个设置; - a second plate for converting the radiation means is provided with phosphor particles and is located at a distance H from the light-reflective structure, wherein H is not more than 50 mm, and selection of the specified condition based on the distance of the plate makes it possible to smooth the surface of the light intensity radiation and the difference of color formation; - provided with a light reflecting structure formed by a light scattering surface of the reflector, each reflector surrounding the light emitting diode (LED) in a set of transmitter;

-光反射结构包括固定间隔的反射器,反射器的表面凹入到面板中;并且发光二极管位于所述凹部中并且配备有用于转变辐射的第一装置,而用于转变辐射的第二装置制造成安装在与面板的距离为H处的板的形式,其中H不超过50 mm ; - light-reflecting reflector comprises a fixed structure spaced, recessed into the surface of the reflector panel; and a light emitting diode in said recess and provided with means for transforming the first radiation and the second radiation conversion means for producing form to be mounted to the panel a distance H at the plate, wherein H is not more than 50 mm;

-反射器的表面制造成锥形,并且其引导部表现为具有n个边的多边形,其中4 ^ n ^00 ; - surface of the reflector for producing tapered guide portion and which is expressed as a polygon having n sides, where 4 ^ n ^ 00;

-反射器的引导部制造成等边四边形的形式,或者六边形或圆形的形式,从技术视点来看,这是光反射结构的最方便的实施例; - the guide portion of the reflector is manufactured in the form of an equilateral quadrilateral, or hexagonal, or circular in form, from a technical point of view, this is the most convenient embodiment of the light reflecting structure;

-发光二极管(LED)发射器被组合在一起,成为配备有线性反射器的线性集群,所述线性反射器形成光散射结构,并且集群的线性实施例使得能够增加本发明的可能的实施例以及改进制造的方便; Embodiment of linear light emitting diode (LED) emitters are grouped together into a linear reflector is provided with a linear cluster, the reflected linear light scattering structure is formed, and the cluster can be increased so that embodiments of the present invention and possible embodiments - improved ease of manufacture of;

-线性反射器具有梯形、抛物线形或半圆形轮廓,当发光二极管(LED)发射器布置成线性集群的形式时,从技术视点来看,这是光反射结构的最方便的实施例。 - Linear reflector has a trapezoidal, semicircular or parabolic profile, when the light emitting diode (LED) emitters arranged in the form of a linear cluster, from a technical point of view, this is the most convenient embodiment of the optical members.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 通过阐释了用于产生光辐射表面的方法以及方法、特别是发光设备的实施例的附图来图解本发明: [0023] by way of illustration, and a method for producing a light-radiating surface, particularly to the accompanying drawings illustrating embodiments of the present invention a light emitting device:

图1是示出了当用于转变辐射的第一装置位于平面形式的光学透明基板上时,用于产生光辐射表面的方法的示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating an optically transparent substrate when the first means for transforming the radiation in a plane form, a method for generating a light-radiating surface;

图2是示出了当用于转变辐射的第一装置位于立体形式的光学透明封壳中时,用于产生光辐射表面的方法的示意图; FIG 2 is a schematic process diagram illustrating when the first means for transforming the radiation is located in the form of a perspective view of an optically transparent enclosure, radiating surface for generating light;

图3是发光设备的局部俯视平面图,在图1中示出了其示意图,其中,光反射结构由正棱锥四面体形式的反射器形成; FIG. 3 is a partial top plan view of a light emitting device, in which FIG 1 shows a schematic view, wherein the light reflecting structure is formed by the form of tetrahedron pyramids reflector;

图4是发光设备的局部俯视平面图,在图2中示出了其示意图,其中,光反射结构由正圆锥形式的反射器形成; FIG 4 is a partial top plan view of a light emitting device, in which FIG. 2 shows a schematic view, wherein the light reflecting structure is formed by a reflector in the form of a right circular cone;

图5是具有发光二极管的线性集群和线性反射器形式的光反射结构的发光设备的俯视平面图; FIG 5 is a top plan view of a light emitting device having a light reflective structure light emitting diode clusters and the linear form of linear reflector;

图6是发光设备的俯视平面图,其具有在三维基板中的发光二极管的线性集群和线性反射器形式的光反射结构; FIG 6 is a top plan view of a light emitting device, the light emitting diode which linear cluster having a three-dimensional substrate and the linear form light-reflecting reflector structure;

图1是发光设备的实施例的侧视图,其包括位于围绕发光二极管(LED)发射器的板的凹部中的反射器。 FIG. 1 is a side view of an embodiment of a light emitting device, which includes a reflector positioned recess (LED) emitters around the light emitting diode in the plate.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024] 发光设备(图1)包括:位于面板2上的发光二极管(LED)发射器I ;光反射结构3 ;平面形基板4,其位于距光反射结构3距离hi处并且配备有用于转变辐射的第一装置,该第一装置是应用于基板4的表面的发光体颗粒5的形式;用于转变辐射的第二装置,该第二装置是位于距平面形基板距离h2处并且配备有图案化的表面7的板6的形式。 [0024] The light emitting device (FIG. 1) comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) emitters I on the second panel; a light reflecting structure 3; planar substrate 4, which is located from the light reflecting structure 3 for the transition from hi at and with a first radiation means, the first means is in the form of phosphor particles applied to the surface 5 of the substrate 4; second means for transforming the radiation, the second means is located a distance h2 from the planar substrate and is equipped with at form a patterned surface 7 of the plate 6.

[0025] 发光设备(图2)包括:位于面板2上的发光二极管(LED)发射器I ;用于转变辐射的第一装置,其为包含在三维基板8的材料中的发光体颗粒5 (在图2中未示出)的形成,基板8覆盖发光二极管光源I ;光反射结构3 ;用于转变辐射的第二装置,该第二装置是位于距光反射结构3距离H处的配备有图案化的表面7的板6的形式。 [0025] The light emitting device (FIG. 2) comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) emitters on the I 2 panel; a first means for transforming the radiation, which is a luminescent material contained in the particles 5 in the three-dimensional substrate 8 ( in FIG. 2, not shown) is formed, covering the LED light source substrate 8 I; light-reflective structure 3; a second means for transforming the radiation, the second means is located at a distance H from the light reflecting structure 3 equipped with form a patterned surface 7 of the plate 6.

[0026] 实施用于产生根据图1的示意图的光辐射表面的方法的发光设备(图3)包括:发光二极管(LED)发射器1,其例如为安装在面板2上的半导体芯片的形式。 [0026] The method for producing a light emitting apparatus according to the light radiating surface of the schematic of FIG. 1 (FIG. 3) includes: 1, a semiconductor chip which is mounted on the panel 2 in the form of a light emitting diode (LED) emitters. 沿着被转变的辐射流设置有光反射结构3,光反射结构3包括在每一组辐射源I处的反射器9 ;光学透明基板4,其配备有发光体颗粒(在图5中未示出)形式的用于转变辐射的第一装置;光散射板6,其具有设置有规则的浮凸部的光辐射表面7。 Radiation is converted stream along a light reflective structure 3 is provided, a light reflective structure 3 comprises a radiation source in each set of reflectors 9 at I; the optically transparent substrate 4, which is equipped with phosphor particles (not shown in FIG. 5 a first means) for transforming the form of radiation; a light scattering plate 6, having a light-radiating surface 7 is provided with a regular embossed portions.

[0027] 实施用于产生根据图2的示意图的光辐射表面的方法的发光设备(图4)包括:发光二极管(LED)发射器(未在图4中示出),其安装在面板(未在图4中示出)上并且沿着被转变的辐射流设置;配备有发光体颗粒(未在图4中示出)的光学透明三维基板8 ;光散射结构3,其配备有用于每个三维基板8的反射器9 ;光散射板6,其具有设置有规则的浮凸部的光福射表面7。 [0027] The method for producing a light emitting apparatus according to the light radiating surface of the schematic of FIG. 2 (FIG. 4) comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) transmitter (not shown in FIG. 4), which is mounted on a panel (not shown in FIG. 4 upper) and is disposed along the stream of radiation transition; equipped with phosphor particles (not shown in FIG. 4) of the three-dimensional optically transparent substrate 8; light scattering structure 3, each of which is equipped with a 8 is a three-dimensional substrate reflector 9; light diffuser plate 6, which is provided with a regular light exit surface relief fu portion 7.

[0028] 实施用于产生根据图1的示意图的光辐射表面的方法的发光设备(图5)包括:发光二极管(LED)发射器1,其被组合在一起,成为安装在面板2上的线性集群并且设置有光散射结构3,光散射结构3配备有线性反射器9,线性反射器9沿着发光二极管(LED)发射器I的相应的线性集群设置。 [0028] The light emitting apparatus for generated according to the method of the light radiating surface of the schematic of FIG. 1 (FIG. 5) comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) emitter 1, which are grouped together, mounted on the panel become Xianxing 2 cluster 3 and provided with a light scattering structure, light scattering structure 3 is provided with a linear reflector 9, the cluster corresponding linear reflector 9 is provided along a linear light emitting diode (LED) emitters I is.

[0029] 沿着辐射流还具有:具有发光体颗粒(在图5中未示出)的光学透明基板4,发光体颗粒覆盖发光二极管集群I ;和光散射板6,其具有设置有规则的浮凸部的光辐射表面7。 [0029] further having along the stream of radiation: an optically transparent substrate having phosphor particles (not shown in FIG. 5) 4, phosphor particles covering the light emitting diode cluster I; and a light diffusion plate 6, which has provided a regular float 7 light-radiating surface of the projecting portion.

[0030] 实施用于产生根据图2的示意图所示的光辐射表面的方法的发光设备(图6)包括:发光二极管(LED)发射器(未在图6中示出),其在光学透明三维基板8的空腔中设置在面板(未在图6中不出)上,光学透明三维基板8包括用于转变封壳的福射的第一装置(发光体颗粒)(未在图6中示出)。 [0030] The method for producing a light emitting apparatus according to the light radiating surface shown in the diagram in FIG. 2 (FIG. 6) comprising: a light emitting diode (LED) transmitter (not shown in FIG. 6), which is optically transparent the cavity 8 in the three-dimensional substrate is provided on the panel (not not in FIG. 6), the three-dimensional optically transparent substrate 8 comprises a first means for converting emitted Fu enclosure (phosphor particles) (not shown in FIG. 6 show). 所述三维基板8的组设置成一行并且设置有光反射结构3的线性反射器9,其中线性反射器9沿着三维基板8的相应的线设置。 The three-dimensional substrate assembly 8 is arranged in a row and provided with a light reflective structure linear reflector 3 9, wherein the linear reflector 9 disposed along respective lines of the three-dimensional substrate 8. 沿着从反射器9的表面反射的辐射流还具有光散射板6,光散射板6具有光辐射表面7并且设置有规则的浮凸部。 Flow along the surface of the radiation reflected by the reflector 9, further comprising a light scattering plate 6, the light scattering plate 67 and is provided with relief portions of regular light-radiating surface.

[0031] 在图7和图8中示出了实施用于产生光辐射表面的方法的发光设备的两个另外的实施例。 [0031] In FIG 7 and FIG 8 show two embodiments of a method for producing a light emitting device light-radiating surface of the further embodiment.

[0032] 在图7中,光反射结构3包括:固定间隔的反射器9,每个反射器的表面凹入到面板2中;用于转变辐射的第一装置(发光体颗粒)5,其位于平面形基板4的表面内或表面上,基板4位于距光反射结构3的表面距离hi处,距离不超过40 mm。 [0032] In FIG 7, a light reflecting structure 3 comprising: a reflector 9 at fixed intervals, each surface of the concave reflector to the panel 2; a first means for transforming the radiation (phosphor particles) 5, which located on the inner surface or planar surface of the substrate 4, the substrate 4 is located at a distance from the light reflecting structure hi the surface 3, a distance not exceeding 40 mm. 呈光散射板6的形式的用于转变辐射的第二装置位于距平面形基板4距离h2处,其中h2不超过50 mm。 Second means in the form of a light scattering plate 6 for transforming the radiation is located at a distance h2 from the planar base plate 4, where h2 is not more than 50 mm.

[0033] 在图8中,光反射结构3包括:固定间隔的反射器9,每个反射器的表面凹入到面板2中;被用于转变辐射的第一装置(发光体颗粒)包围的辐射源在反射器9的凹部中设置在面板2上,并且呈板6的形式的用于转变辐射的第二装置位于距光反射结构3距离H处,其中值H不超过50 mm。 [0033] In FIG. 8, the light reflective structure 3 comprising: a fixed reflector 9 spaced, recessed into the surface of each reflector panel 2; a first enclosing means (phosphor particles) are used to transition radiation the radiation source in the concave portion of the reflector 9 provided on the panel 2, and a second means in the form of a plate 6 for transforming the radiation from the light reflecting structure is located at a distance H 3, wherein the value H is not more than 50 mm.

[0034] 工业应用性 [0034] Industrial Applicability

可以使用已知的方法来产生用于发光设备的部件和组件。 Components and assemblies may be generated for the light emitting device using known methods. 在说明书中提供的信息足以理解实施用于产生光辐射表面的方法的设备的操作和设计原理。 The information provided in the specification sufficient for understanding principles of operation and design of the device embodiment of a method for generating light radiating surface.

Claims (22)

1. 一种产生光辐射表面的方法,包括:通过位于面板上的至少一个发光二极管(LED) 发射器生成辐射;通过光反射结构的表面确立辐射方向;照射用于转变辐射的第一装置, 所述第一装置制造成发光体颗粒的形式;通过发光体颗粒辐射可见光流;通过用于转变辐射的第二装置散射来自所述发光体的光流,该装置由光学透明的材料制造;辐射来自用于转变辐射的第二装置的表面的光流。 1. A method for generating light radiating surface, comprising: a transmitter generating radiation by means of at least one light emitting diode (LED) located on the panel; to establish a radiation surface of the light reflected by the direction of the structure; the first means for transforming the radiation is irradiated, the first device manufactured in the form of the phosphor particles; visible light radiation by the phosphor particles flow; a second means for transforming the radiation by the scattered light flow from the light emitting body, which device consists of an optically transparent material; radiation the optical flow from the transition surface of the second means of radiation.
2. 一种产生光辐射表面的方法,包括:通过位于面板上的至少一个发光二极管(LED) 发射器生成辐射流;照射用于转变辐射的第一装置,所述第一装置制造成发光体颗粒的形式;通过发光体颗粒辐射可见光流;通过光反射结构的表面确立辐射流的方向;通过用于转变辐射的第二装置散射从光反射结构反射的光流,该装置由光学透明的材料制造;辐射来自用于转变辐射的第二装置的表面的光的散射流。 A method of generating a light radiating surface, comprising: at least one light emitting diode (LED) located on the panel to generate the stream of radiation emitter; a first means for transforming the radiation irradiating, to said first means for producing light emitter the form of particles; stream through visible light radiation emitting particles; establish flow direction of the radiation reflected by the surface of the optical structure; transforming the radiation scattered by the second means for reflecting light from the light flow reflected by the structure, which device consists of an optically transparent material manufacturing; radiation from the surface of the second means for transforming the scattered radiation flow.
3. 一种发光设备,包括:安装在面板上的至少一个发光二极管(LED)发射器;用于转变辐射的第一装置,所述第一装置由发光体颗粒形成;能够确立辐射方向的光反射结构; 用于转变辐射的第二装置,该装置配备有光散射元件,该装置由光学透明的材料制成并且具有光福射表面。 A light emitting apparatus, comprising: at least one light emitting diode (LED) mounted on the panel transmitter; a first means for transforming the radiation, the first means is formed of phosphor particles; a light radiation direction can be established reflective structure; a second means for transforming the radiation, the apparatus is equipped with light scattering element, the device is made of an optically transparent material and having a light exit surface fu.
4. 一种发光设备,包括:安装在面板上的至少一个发光二极管(LED)发射器,所述至少一个发光二极管(LED)发射器生成处于光谱的蓝光和/或紫外线范围内的辐射流;能够确立辐射方向的光反射结构;用于转变辐射的第一装置,所述第一装置由发光体颗粒形成; 用于转变辐射的第二装置,该装置配备有光散射元件,该装置由光学透明的材料制成并且具有光福射表面。 A light emitting apparatus, comprising: at least one light emitting diode (LED) mounted on the panel transmitter, the at least one light emitting diode (LED) emitting blue light generated in the spectrum and / or a stream of radiation in the ultraviolet range; able to establish the radiation direction of the light reflecting structure; a first means for transforming the radiation, the first means is formed of a phosphor particle; a second means for transforming the radiation, the apparatus is equipped with light scattering element, the optical apparatus made of a transparent material and having a light exit surface fu.
5.根据权利要求3或4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,用于转变辐射的第一装置的发光体颗粒的成分使得能够产生可见光光谱中的光流。 The light emitting device according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that, for the component particles of the first phosphor means for transforming the radiation makes it possible to produce optical flow of the visible spectrum.
6.根据权利要求5所述的发光设备,其特征在于,发光体颗粒的成分附加地包括具有余晖效果的发光体。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that the phosphor composition additionally comprises particles having a light emitting afterglow effect.
7.根据权利要求3或4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,发光体颗粒设置在光学透明基板的材料中和/或光学透明基板的表面上。 7. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that the particulate phosphor material is disposed on an optically transparent substrate and / or the surface of the optically transparent substrate.
8.根据权利要求3所述的发光设备,其特征在于,发光体颗粒设置在光学透明基板的材料中和/或光学透明基板的表面上,所述基板制造成覆盖发光二极管(LED)发射器的封壳的形式。 8. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the luminescent material particles is provided on an optically transparent substrate and / or the surface of the optically transparent substrate, the substrate is made to cover the light emitting diode (LED) emitters form of enclosure.
9.根据权利要求4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,发光体颗粒设置在光学透明基板的材料中和/或光学透明基板的表面上,所述基板制造成薄板的形式。 9. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that the luminescent material particles is provided on an optically transparent substrate and / or the surface of the optically transparent substrate, the substrate is manufactured in the form of a thin plate.
10.根据权利要求8所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述封壳制造成中空的三维外形, 例如,制造成旋转半球形或抛物面形的形状。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that the enclosure for producing a hollow three-dimensional shape, e.g., hemispherical or manufactured shape for rotation paraboloid.
11.根据权利要求7所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述基板设有图案化的表面。 11. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the substrate provided with a patterned surface.
12.根据权利要求11所述的发光设备,其特征在于,发光体颗粒被应用于所述表面的图案化的表面。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 11, characterized in that the phosphor particles are applied to the surface of the patterned surface.
13.根据权利要求9所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述基板设置在距所述光反射结构的表面距离hi (mm)处,所述距离不超过40 mm。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said surface of said substrate is disposed at a distance from the light reflecting structure hi (mm) at a distance of not more than 40 mm.
14.根据权利要求3或4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,用于转变辐射的第二装置由光学透明的材料制造成板的形式,光散射元件设置在所述板的内部或所述板的表面上。 The light emitting device according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that the inside of the second means for transforming the radiation produced from an optically transparent material into the form of a plate, a light scattering element provided in the plate or the on the surface of the plate.
15.根据权利要求3所述的发光设备,其特征在于,用于转变辐射的第二装置制造成板的形式,所述板安装在距所述光反射结构距离H (mm)处,其中H不超过50 mm。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the means for producing a second form of transforming the radiation into the plate, the plate is mounted at a distance from the light reflecting structure H (mm) at which the H no more than 50 mm.
16.根据权利要求4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,用于转变辐射的第二装置制造成板的形式,所述板设置在距薄板形式的基板距离h2处,所述基板配备有用于转变辐射的第一装置,其中h2不超过50 mm。 The light emitting apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that the means for producing a second form of change as the radiation plate, the plate is provided in sheet form from the substrate at a distance h2, the substrate is provided with a first means for transforming the radiation, wherein h2 is not more than 50 mm.
17.根据权利要求3或4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述光反射结构由配备有光散射表面的反射器形成,所述反射器中的每一个与所述发光二极管(LED)发射器中的一个一致。 17. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein said light reflecting structure is formed by a light scattering surface provided with a reflector, the reflector of each of said light emitting diode (LED) a coherent transmitters.
18.根据权利要求4所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述光反射结构包括固定间隔的反射器,所述反射器的表面凹入到面板中;并且用于转变辐射的第二装置制造成板的形式, 所述板配备有发光体颗粒并且安装在与面板的距离为h3处,其中该距离不超过50 mm。 18. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said light reflecting structure includes a reflective device at fixed intervals, the concave surface of the reflector to the panel; and a second means for transforming the radiation producing form into a plate, the plate is equipped with phosphor particles and is mounted to the panel at a distance h3 at which the distance is not more than 50 mm.
19.根据权利要求17所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述反射器的表面制造成锥形, 并且其引导部表现为具有η个边的多边形,其中4 < η <吣。 19. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 17, wherein the reflector surface of producing tapered guide portion and which is expressed as a polygon having sides [eta], where 4 <η <Qin.
20.根据权利要求19所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述反射器的引导部制造成等边四边形的形式,或者六边形或圆形的形式。 20. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the guide portion of the reflector manufactured in the form of an equilateral quadrilateral, or hexagonal, or circular form.
21.根据权利要求3所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述发光二极管(LED)发射器被组合在一起,成为线性集群,所述线性集群中的每一个设置有公共的线性反射器。 21. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 3, wherein said light emitting diode (LED) emitter are combined together, are a linear cluster, each of said linear cluster is provided with a common linear reflector.
22.根据权利要求21所述的发光设备,其特征在于,所述线性反射器具有梯形、抛物线形或半圆形轮廓。 22. The light emitting apparatus according to claim 21, wherein the linear reflector has a trapezoidal, semicircular, or parabolic profile.
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