CN103016039A - Tunneling working surface comprehensive hydraulic support - Google Patents

Tunneling working surface comprehensive hydraulic support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103016039A
CN103016039A CN2012105821104A CN201210582110A CN103016039A CN 103016039 A CN103016039 A CN 103016039A CN 2012105821104 A CN2012105821104 A CN 2012105821104A CN 201210582110 A CN201210582110 A CN 201210582110A CN 103016039 A CN103016039 A CN 103016039A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
coal
jack
hydraulic support
board
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012105821104A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾双春
苏海
杨建立
李宗涛
曹潞生
李启清
吴路明
白飞
张宁
张志军
陈黎东
申福明
李海峰
李卫彬
叶川
孙云飞
胡志强
周新堂
张学军
李金华
吕向东
李建斌
王李刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wangzhuang Coal Mine Shanxi Lu'an Environment Protection Energy Developmetn Co
Shanxi Luan Environmental Energy Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wangzhuang Coal Mine Shanxi Lu'an Environment Protection Energy Developmetn Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wangzhuang Coal Mine Shanxi Lu'an Environment Protection Energy Developmetn Co filed Critical Wangzhuang Coal Mine Shanxi Lu'an Environment Protection Energy Developmetn Co
Priority to CN2012105821104A priority Critical patent/CN103016039A/en
Publication of CN103016039A publication Critical patent/CN103016039A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention particularly discloses a tunneling working surface comprehensive hydraulic support which solves the problem that a hydraulic support which has good supporting and protecting effects and a simple and practical structure, and can simultaneously realize mechanized temporary supporting and protecting and coal collection operation does not exist. By adopting a combined hydraulic support, and a temporary supporting and protecting device and a coal collection device which are matched with the combined hydraulic support for working, the tunneling working surface comprehensive hydraulic support realizes the mechanized operation of working surface temporary supporting and protecting, realizes the mechanized operation of the recovery of dropping coal in a working surface within 4 meters, the area of a top and a side of a temporary support is large, and the setting load of the top and the side is large; the hydraulic support has high adaptability, and can be widely applied to all tunneling working surfaces; the temporary supporting and protecting time is obviously reduced, the tunneling efficiency is improved, and the safety of anchoring operation is improved; the coal collection device greatly reduces the labor intensity of workers; the hydraulic support has a skillful structure, is reasonable in layout, adopts full hydraulic control, and is stable to operate, rapid to unfold, and beneficial to the self-protection of machines.

Description

Driving face composite type hydraulic support
Technical field
The present invention relates to the hydraulic support that coal mining is used, be specially a kind of driving face composite type hydraulic support.
Background technology
Remarkable increase along with China's coal-mine mining rate and scale, and the development of modernized fully-mechanized mining technology, the particularly large scale application of large mining height full-seam mining technology, under new Circumstances of Market Economy, driving technology has become a bottleneck of coal production development.Particularly boring head temporary lining system and gun diging face producing coal system are two technical barriers in puzzlement coal production field all the time.Resolve this two problem, not only can reach the purpose that improves work efficiency, can also ensure the balance of coal mine excavation relation, be conducive to stable, the high yield, safety of coal production, efficiently.The existing driving face temporary lining general using of meeting head on is fixed on steel pipe on the back as forestope, and fixedly supporting mesh is realized the driving face temporary lining of meeting head between forestope; The method that existing gun diging face produces coal general employing coal slide machine and manually combines.Existing driving face is met head on, and temporary lining system works intensity is large, the operating time long, the control top area is little, safe effect is poor; Existing gun diging face producing coal system, the labor strength safety factor of greatly, manually producing coal is not high.Although exist some to realize the produce coal automation equipment of function of boring head temporary linings and gun diging face, can complete realization mechanization temporary lining and the device of receiving the coal operation seldom, and supporting effect is very poor, structure is too complicated, cost is high.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for solve lack a kind of supporting effect good, simple in structure easy-to-use, and can realize simultaneously mechanization temporary lining and receive the problem of the hydraulic support of coal operation, a kind of driving face composite type hydraulic support is provided.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: driving face composite type hydraulic support, comprise main hydraulic support and secondary hydraulic support, main hydraulic support is provided with temporary support device and receives device for coal, main hydraulic support and secondary hydraulic support all comprise two back timbers, be fixed with two cross beam frames on the every back timber, be connected with the back timber advancing jack between cross beam frame corresponding to two back timbers, every back timber downside is fixed with two hydraulic props, hydraulic prop is fixedly supported on the bottom girder that is provided with below the every back timber, be provided with coal slide tail groove in the middle of two bottom girders, bottom girder and coal slip and are connected with the passing inserted link of oblique layout and the bottom girder advancing jack of lateral arrangement between the tail groove, and the bottom girder among of the bottom girder of main hydraulic support and secondary hydraulic support is provided with a walking jack; Temporary support device comprises the extensible canopy of the back timber front end of being located at main hydraulic support, extensible canopy is made of beam column and beam head, the beam column top is provided with temporary support, temporary support comprises top frame, top frame is made of channel-section steel and the curved steel tube that is fixed on the channel-section steel, the top frame below is provided with two row's triangle steelframes, two row's triangle steelframes are stuck in the beam column both sides, utilize bolt to fix between temporary support front end and the beam head, the beam column below is provided with the jack engaging lug, the special-purpose connecting pin of the beam head front end utilization of extensible canopy is hinged with one-level and forces side board, one-level is forced the special-purpose connecting pin of side board front end utilization to be hinged with secondary and is forced side board, one-level forces the side board below to be provided with former and later two jack engaging lugs, secondary forces the side board below to be provided with the jack engaging lug, between the jack engaging lug of the rear side that the jack engaging lug on the beam column of extensible canopy and one-level are forced side board, one-level is forced between the jack engaging lug of front side of side board and the jack engaging lug that secondary is forced side board and is connected with flexible jack (" top " that relates in the foregoing description, " below ", " front side ", orientation such as " rear sides " is one-level when forcing side board and secondary to force side board to be complete deployed condition location expression); Receive two combination spillplates that device for coal comprises that coal slide tail groove both sides are hinged with, have the opening that passes hydraulic prop on the combination spillplate, the combination spillplate is provided with hanger, the cross beam frame outer end is fixed with receives the coal jack, the cross beam frame downside is provided with roller, receiving coal jack piston rod top connects steel cable and walks around roller and be connected to hanger, the bottom girder front end of main hydraulic support is connected to the base of shoveling coal by jack, shovel coal and be hinged with the bucket of shoveling coal on the base, the base both sides of shoveling coal are provided with and turn over the coal jack, turn over the coal jack and be hinged to and turn over the coal connecting rod, turn over the coal connecting rod end and shovel coal the bucket bottom-hinged.
Before the work, utilize back timber advancing jack and bottom girder advancing jack realize hydraulic support left and right sides two parts to the left and right direction transverse shifting, adjust the width of hydraulic support to adapt to span length, and then install and pass inserted link, pass inserted link and can adjust the fixing of the relative bottom girder of length realization coal slide tail groove, preferably install all the other relevant devices such as the base of shoveling coal.During work, this device fluid,matching pressure control system uses.The channel-section steel of temporary support guarantees temporary support curved surfaces and top board Surface Contact with the structure that is fixed on the curved steel tube on the channel-section steel, reduces the frictional force between temporary support surface and the top board, upper top set net and steel band when being convenient to temporary lining.Thereby force side board and secondary to force the expansion of side board or folding by the flexible control one-level of controlling two flexible jack, realize mechanization temporary lining.Turn over the coal jack extension and contraction control bucket of shoveling coal coal breakage is reclaimed, translate into coal and slip in the tail groove, receive that the coal jack is flexible to be utilized wire rope to drive the combination spillplate to rotate, thereby in the coal slide tail groove in the middle of the coal breakage of both sides is recovered to.Hydraulic prop is realized the lifting of back timber.Major and minor hydraulic support consists of running gear, before beginning walking, the hydraulic prop of main hydraulic support is regained, the hydraulic prop of secondary hydraulic support rises tightly and (connects the top tight, setting load reach standard 80%), by stretching of the walking jack between main hydraulic support and the secondary hydraulic support, realize the forward-reverse of main hydraulic support; When main hydraulic support arrives assigned address, the hydraulic prop liter hydraulic prop tight, secondary hydraulic support of main hydraulic support is regained, by stretching of the walking jack between main hydraulic support and the secondary hydraulic support, realized the forward-reverse of secondary hydraulic support; Alternate run is realized the forward-reverse of whole hydraulic support successively.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows: utilize the temporary support device of Combined hydraulic support stand and cooperating and receive device for coal, realized the do mechanization operation of work plane temporary lining, 4 meters do mechanization operations that reclaim with interior coal breakage of work plane have been realized, the top is protected in temporary lining of the present invention, the wall supporting area is large, protects the top, the wall supporting setting load is larger; Strong adaptability, extensively model is applied to all driving faces; Significantly reduce the time of temporary lining, improved drivage efficiency, increased the safety of Anchor Care work; Receive device for coal and significantly reduced worker's labour intensity; Ingenious, rationally distributed, the all-hydraulic control of structure of the present invention, handle steadily, launch rapidly, be conducive to machine is realized self-protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of main hydraulic support;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of back timber;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of bottom girder;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of temporary support device;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of temporary support;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of extensible canopy;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of shoveling coal and struggling against.
Among the figure: the secondary hydraulic support of 1-, 2-master's hydraulic support, 3-temporary support device, 4-receives device for coal, 21-back timber, 22-cross beam frame, 23-back timber advancing jack, 24-hydraulic prop, 25-bottom girder, 27-coal slide tail groove, 28-passes inserted link, 29-bottom girder advancing jack, the 30-jack of walking, 31-extensible canopy, 312-beam column, 313-beam head, 32-temporary support, 321-curved steel tube, the 322-channel-section steel, 323-triangle steelframe, the 33-one-level is forced side board, the 34-secondary is forced side board, the 35-jack that stretches, 36-jack engaging lug, the 41-base of shoveling coal, 42-turns over the coal jack, and 43-turns over the coal connecting rod, the 44-bucket of shoveling coal, 45-makes up spillplate, the 46-hanger, the 47-wire rope, 48-receives the coal jack.
The specific embodiment
Driving face composite type hydraulic support, comprise main hydraulic support 2 and secondary hydraulic support 1, main hydraulic support is provided with temporary support device 3 and receives device for coal 4, main hydraulic support and secondary hydraulic support all comprise two back timbers 21, be fixed with two cross beam frames 22 on the every back timber 21, be connected with back timber advancing jack 23 between the cross beam frame 22 of two back timber 21 correspondences, every back timber 21 downsides are fixed with two hydraulic props 24, hydraulic prop 24 is fixedly supported on the bottom girder 25 that every back timber 21 belows are provided with, be provided with coal slide tail groove 27 in the middle of two bottom girders 25, bottom girder 25 and coal slip and are connected with the passing inserted link 28 of oblique layout and the bottom girder advancing jack 29 of lateral arrangement between the tail groove 27, and bottom girder 25 amongs of the bottom girder 25 of main hydraulic support 2 and secondary hydraulic support 1 are provided with a walking jack 30; Temporary support device 3 comprises the extensible canopy 31 of back timber 21 front ends of being located at main hydraulic support 2, extensible canopy 31 is made of beam column 312 and beam head 313, beam column 312 tops are provided with temporary support 32, temporary support 32 comprises top frame, top frame is made of channel-section steel 322 and the curved steel tube 321 that is fixed on the channel-section steel 322, the top frame below is provided with two row's triangle steelframes 323, two row's triangle steelframes 323 are stuck in beam column 312 both sides, utilize bolt to fix between temporary support 32 front ends and the beam head 313, beam column 312 belows are provided with jack engaging lug 36, the special-purpose connecting pin of the beam head 313 front end utilizations of extensible canopy 31 is hinged with one-level and forces side board 33, one-level is forced the special-purpose connecting pin of side board 33 front end utilizations to be hinged with secondary and is forced side board 34, one-level forces side board 33 belows to be provided with former and later two jack engaging lugs 36, secondary forces side board 34 belows to be provided with jack engaging lug 36, and the jack engaging lug 36 on the beam column 312 of extensible canopy 31 and one-level are forced between the jack engaging lug 36 of rear side of side board 33, one-level is forced between the jack engaging lug 36 of front side of side board 33 and the jack engaging lug 36 that secondary is forced side board 34 and is connected with flexible jack 35; Receive two combination spillplates 45 that device for coal 4 comprises that coal slide tail groove 27 both sides are hinged with, have the opening that passes hydraulic prop 24 on the combination spillplate 45, combination spillplate 45 is provided with hanger 46, cross beam frame 22 outer ends are fixed with receives coal jack 48, cross beam frame 22 downsides are provided with roller, receiving coal jack 48 piston rod tops connects steel cable 47 and walks around roller and be connected to hanger 46, bottom girder 25 front ends of main hydraulic support 2 are connected to the base 41 of shoveling coal by jack, shovel coal and be hinged with the bucket 44 of shoveling coal on the base 41, base 41 both sides of shoveling coal are provided with and turn over coal jack 42, turn over coal jack 42 and be hinged to and turn over coal connecting rod 43, turn over coal connecting rod 43 terminal with bucket 44 bottom-hinged of shoveling coal.
In the specific implementation process, one-level forces side board 33 and secondary to force side board 34 to be frame construction, and one-level forces side board 33 and secondary to force side board 34 to be provided with reinforcing rib.This structure is lighter, guarantees that supporting has firmly alleviated simultaneously one-level and forced side board and secondary to force the weight of side board.

Claims (2)

1. driving face composite type hydraulic support, it is characterized in that: comprise main hydraulic support (2) and secondary hydraulic support (1), main hydraulic support is provided with temporary support device (3) and receives device for coal (4), main hydraulic support and secondary hydraulic support all comprise two back timbers (21), be fixed with two cross beam frames (22) on the every back timber (21), be connected with back timber advancing jack (23) between the cross beam frame (22) of two back timbers (21) correspondence, every back timber (21) downside is fixed with two hydraulic props (24), hydraulic prop (24) is fixedly supported on the bottom girder (25) that is provided with below the every back timber (21), be provided with coal slide tail groove (27) in the middle of two bottom girders (25), bottom girder (25) and coal slip and are connected with the passing inserted link (28) of oblique layout and the bottom girder advancing jack (29) of lateral arrangement between the tail groove (27), and bottom girder (25) among of the bottom girder (25) of main hydraulic support (2) and secondary hydraulic support (1) is provided with a walking jack (30); Temporary support device (3) comprises the extensible canopy (31) of back timber (21) front end of being located at main hydraulic support (2), extensible canopy (31) is made of beam column (312) He Liangtou (313), beam column (312) top is provided with temporary support (32), temporary support (32) comprises top frame, top frame is made of channel-section steel (322) and the curved steel tube (321) that is fixed on the channel-section steel (322), the top frame below is provided with two row's triangle steelframes (323), two row's triangle steelframes (323) are stuck in beam column (312) both sides, utilize bolt to fix between temporary support (32) front end and the beam head (313), beam column (312) below is provided with jack engaging lug (36), the special-purpose connecting pin of beam head (313) the front end utilization of extensible canopy (31) is hinged with one-level and forces side board (33), one-level is forced the special-purpose connecting pin of side board (33) front end utilization to be hinged with secondary and is forced side board (34), one-level forces side board (33) below to be provided with former and later two jack engaging lugs (36), secondary forces side board (34) below to be provided with jack engaging lug (36), and the jack engaging lug (36) on the beam column (312) of extensible canopy (31) and one-level are forced between the jack engaging lug (36) of rear side of side board (33), one-level is forced between the jack engaging lug (36) of front side of side board (33) and the jack engaging lug (36) that secondary is forced side board (34) and is connected with flexible jack (35); Receive two combination spillplates (45) that device for coal (4) comprises that coal slide tail groove (27) both sides are hinged with, have the opening that passes hydraulic prop (24) on the combination spillplate (45), combination spillplate (45) is provided with hanger (46), cross beam frame (22) outer end is fixed with receives coal jack (48), cross beam frame (22) downside is provided with roller, receiving coal jack (48) piston rod top connects steel cable (47) and walks around roller and be connected to hanger (46), bottom girder (25) front end of main hydraulic support (2) is connected to the base of shoveling coal (41) by jack, shovel coal and be hinged with the bucket (44) of shoveling coal on the base (41), base (41) both sides of shoveling coal are provided with and turn over coal jack (42), turn over coal jack (42) and be hinged to and turn over coal connecting rod (43), turn over coal connecting rod (43) terminal with shovel coal bucket (44) bottom-hinged.
2. driving face composite type hydraulic support according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: one-level forces side board (33) and secondary to force side board (34) to be frame construction, and one-level forces side board (33) and secondary to force side board (34) to be provided with reinforcing rib.
CN2012105821104A 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Tunneling working surface comprehensive hydraulic support Pending CN103016039A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104179518A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-03 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Hydraulic support for roadway supporting
CN105257329A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-20 山西平阳重工机械有限责任公司 Efficient boundary coal mining and timbering equipment
CN110130965A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-08-16 河南理工大学 A kind of advance support rack and application method of comprehensive mechanized driving

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2254640A (en) * 1991-04-11 1992-10-14 Meco Electronics Ltd A control system for controlling a collection of mine roof supports
CN201090229Y (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-07-23 三一重型装备有限公司 Engine-carried type supporting machine
CN101457652A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-06-17 天地科技股份有限公司 Overlarge mining height hydraulic support
CN102337915A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-02-01 高九华 Combined hydraulic bracket with coal loading, coal placing and self-moving functions
CN202611695U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-12-19 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Novel rectangular coal roadway quick driving and bolting all-in-one machine
CN202628142U (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-12-26 山西大同大学 Excavation laneway hydraulic walking type multistage temporary supporting equipment
CN202991085U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-12 山西潞安环保能源开发股份有限公司王庄煤矿 Comprehensive hydraulic support for driving working face

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2254640A (en) * 1991-04-11 1992-10-14 Meco Electronics Ltd A control system for controlling a collection of mine roof supports
CN201090229Y (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-07-23 三一重型装备有限公司 Engine-carried type supporting machine
CN101457652A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-06-17 天地科技股份有限公司 Overlarge mining height hydraulic support
CN102337915A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-02-01 高九华 Combined hydraulic bracket with coal loading, coal placing and self-moving functions
CN202628142U (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-12-26 山西大同大学 Excavation laneway hydraulic walking type multistage temporary supporting equipment
CN202611695U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-12-19 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Novel rectangular coal roadway quick driving and bolting all-in-one machine
CN202991085U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-12 山西潞安环保能源开发股份有限公司王庄煤矿 Comprehensive hydraulic support for driving working face

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104179518A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-03 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Hydraulic support for roadway supporting
CN104179518B (en) * 2014-09-05 2017-01-25 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Hydraulic support for roadway supporting
CN105257329A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-20 山西平阳重工机械有限责任公司 Efficient boundary coal mining and timbering equipment
CN110130965A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-08-16 河南理工大学 A kind of advance support rack and application method of comprehensive mechanized driving

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