CN102973344A - External bonesetting machine - Google Patents

External bonesetting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102973344A
CN102973344A CN2012103254227A CN201210325422A CN102973344A CN 102973344 A CN102973344 A CN 102973344A CN 2012103254227 A CN2012103254227 A CN 2012103254227A CN 201210325422 A CN201210325422 A CN 201210325422A CN 102973344 A CN102973344 A CN 102973344A
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China
Prior art keywords
external
machine according
bonesetting
rest
seat portion
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Granted
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CN2012103254227A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102973344B (en
Inventor
曾国良
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Zeng Donghua
Zeng Guoliang
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention discloses an external bone-setting machine which comprises a seat platform, a drawing support and clamping parts, wherein the seat platform is provided with an adjusting mechanism, the drawing support is installed on the seat platform and is connected with the adjusting mechanism, at least one drawing support is provided with adjustable lifting rods, the clamping parts are fixed on the lifting rods, the clamping parts can be wrist ankle buckles and a non-abrasive protective layer is arranged in each clamping part. The external bone-setting machine has the advantages that the problems that reconstruction strength in traditional bone-setting techniques is small, poor in endurance and stationarity and bad in reconstruction effect are solved, and efficiency and quality of the reconstruction are effectively improved. Due to the facts that a mechanical drawing method is adopted to draw back the overlapping, angulation, rotation displacement and bone-setting of fractures, and a doctor has no need to inject narcotic drugs to a patient when carrying out a bone-setting operation, only one doctor is needed to reconstruct the fractures of human limbs in a simple, convenient and effective way through the external bone-setting machine, and therefore a secondary damage of a surgery on the patient is reduced.

Description

External bonesetting machine
[technical field]
The invention belongs to medical instruments field, specifically a kind of external bonesetting machine for orthopaedics therapy.
[background technology]
Human limb fracture, dislocation etc. are common one of sick and wounded.Present Therapeutic Method has two kinds: traditional bone-setting manipulation treatment and operative treatment.Tradition bone-setting manipulation treatment generally is to come reduction by the orthopedist by maneuver, but the orthopedist often exists reduction strength not enough, and persistency and stationarity are poor, require the many characteristics of participant, thereby have affected the effect of reduction, have reduced reduction efficient.Operate on the operation reconstructive therapy owing to operating on the traumatic treatment of operation genus and adopt, be prone to fracture complication, be unfavorable for that the patient recovers; Moreover operate on the surgery cost height, also increased patient economy burden.The advantages such as but not the external reduction of performing the operation belongs to non-invasive treatment, has and recover fast, and expense is low, but medical circle lacks and really walks to effective special for treating apparatus at present.
[summary of the invention]
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that the above prior art exists, be specifically designed in providing a kind of that extremity fracture, dislocation etc. are carried out simply, made things convenient for, the effective external bonesetting machine of reconstructive therapy, reduce operation to patient's again injury, thereby shortened widely the time of recovery from illness and reduced patient's medical treatment cost.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is: external bonesetting machine, and it comprises seat platform, towing bracket and hold assembly, described seat platform is provided with governor motion, and the described towing bracket of a minimum cover is installed on the described seat platform, and is connected with described governor motion; Adjustable elevating lever is installed on the described towing bracket, is fixed with hold assembly on the described elevating lever.
Described governor motion is provided with the traction handwheel with graduation mark for fine adjustment towing bracket dilatability.
Can be provided with tooth bar in the described towing bracket, on the described governor motion driven wheel is set, described driven wheel and described tooth bar are connected with a joggle, and described driven wheel is connected with the traction handwheel with graduation mark, are used for fine adjustment towing bracket dilatability.
Described hold assembly can be wrist ankle button etc., includes soft protective layer in it, makes itself and contact skin feel pleasant.
The preferred soft rubber sleeve of described soft protective layer.
Be fixed with lifting regulating mechanism on the described towing bracket, described elevating lever is installed in the described lifting regulating mechanism, and described lifting regulating mechanism is provided with adjusting handle.
Described seat platform comprises seat portion and back-rest, and described seat portion and described back-rest are adjustable flexible connection, and described back-rest upper end is provided with dismountable head rest; Described back-rest holds both sides to be provided with the shoulder joint button on the upper side, is used for fixedly shoulder joint.
Be provided with breast fixing band and ilium waist fixing band on the described back-rest, be used for fixedly body, to make things convenient for orthopaedics therapy.
Be provided with foot pedal apparatus in described seat portion, described foot pedal apparatus comprises pedal and the connecting rod that is connected with described pedal, described connecting rod be installed on the described seat portion, described pedal can be folded on the described connecting rod.
Be provided with liftable handrail in described seat portion both sides, be provided with the elbow fixing band on the described handrail, be used for fixedly hand.Described handrail is connected with armrest adjustment mechanism on being fixed in described seat portion, is provided with on the described armrest adjustment mechanism be used to the 4th adjusting handle of regulating described height of armrests.Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: solved in traditional bone-setting manipulation that reduction strength is little, persistency and stationarity be poor, the problem that the reduction effect is undesirable; Effectively improve efficient and the quality of reduction.Adopted the method for mechanical traction to pull open overlapping, the angulation of fracture, rotation displacement, during fracture, do not need the injecting anesthetic medicine, one people of hospital can simple by external bonesetting machine of the present invention, convenient, effective reduction human limb fracture, and reduces operation to patient's again injury.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the external bonesetting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional structure diagram that the external bonesetting machine of the present invention is used for the reduction fracture of upper limb;
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional structure diagram that the external bonesetting machine of the present invention is used for the reduction fracture of the lower limb.
[specific embodiment]
The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
External bonesetting machine, as shown in Figure 1, it comprises seat platform, towing bracket 14 and be used for gripping the hold assembly 15 of human body injury section.Described seat platform is provided with governor motion, described towing bracket 14 is installed on the described seat platform, and be connected with described governor motion, by the length that governor motion can be regulated towing bracket 14, be used for correcting that fracture end is overlapping, angulation or rotatory dislocation etc.Adjustable elevating lever 16 is installed on the described towing bracket 14, is fixed with hold assembly 15 on the described elevating lever 16.Described hold assembly 15 is wrist ankle buttons.Described wrist ankle button is used for clamping hands or foot, and fixedly the injury place carries out reconstructive therapy.Described hold assembly 15 includes soft protective layer, makes itself and contact skin feel pleasant.The preferred soft rubber sleeve of described soft protective layer.Described towing bracket 14 is interior can be provided with tooth bar, on the described governor motion driven wheel is set, described driven wheel and described tooth bar are connected with a joggle, and described driven wheel is connected with the traction handwheel 18 with graduation mark, are used for fine adjustment towing bracket 14 dilatabilities.Described towing bracket 14 is provided with two covers, respectively with described seat platform on corresponding independent described governor motion connect, described governor motion is provided with the traction handwheel 18 with graduation mark.Adjustable elevating lever 16 is installed on the described towing bracket 14, is fixed with hold assembly 15 on the described elevating lever 16.Can be according to selecting any hold assembly 15 or two hold assemblies 15 simultaneously hands or the foot lower limb of injury to be carried out reconstructive therapy.
Be fixed with lifting regulating mechanism 17 on the described towing bracket 14, described elevating lever 16 is installed in the described lifting regulating mechanism 17, and described lifting regulating mechanism 17 is provided with second adjusting handle 11 that can have graduation mark.Preferably, be provided with tooth bar on the described elevating lever 16, be provided with the gear that is connected with a joggle with described tooth bar in the described lifting regulating mechanism 17, described gear is connected with described the second adjusting handle 11, regulate the height of described elevating lever 16 by shaking described the second adjusting handle 11, very easy.
Described seat platform comprises seat portion 42 and back-rest 41, and described seat portion 42 is adjustable flexible connection with described back-rest 41, can regulate arbitrarily the gradient of back-rest 41.Hold on the upper side both sides to be provided with shoulder joint button 2 at described back-rest 41, be used for the fixing human shoulder joint.And be provided with breast fixing band 3 and ilium waist fixing band 6 at described back-rest 41, be used for fixedly body, to make things convenient for orthopaedics therapy.Be provided with for the thrustor of enduring the back at described back-rest 41, described thrustor is connected with the 3rd adjusting handle 5, by shaking the 3rd adjusting handle 5 thrustor is swelled, the pushing tow human waist and back, make the patient endure the waist chest expanding, the fracture end that is used for pulling open the clavicle position is overlapping, angulation, rotatory dislocation.
Be provided with foot pedal apparatus in described seat portion 42, described foot pedal apparatus comprises pedal 9 and the connecting rod 10 that is connected with described pedal 9, described connecting rod 10 be installed on the described seat portion 42, described pedal 9 can be folded on the described connecting rod 10.
Be provided with liftable handrail 13 in described seat portion 42 both sides, be provided with elbow fixing band 12 on the described handrail 13, be used for fixedly hand.Described handrail 13 is connected with armrest adjustment mechanism on being fixed in described seat portion 42, is provided with on the described armrest adjustment mechanism be used to the 4th adjusting handle 7 of regulating described handrail 13 height.Described armrest adjustment mechanism can be identical with the structure of above-mentioned lifting regulating mechanism, also can be different.Described handrail 13 can drop on described seat portion 42 surfaces, and described handrail 13 maintains an equal level with described seat portion 42 surfaces, is convenient to make the patient of injured rear health inconvenience to be sitting in very easily on the described seat portion 42 and treats.For improve be the appropriateness, be provided with dismountable head rest 1 in described back-rest 41 upper ends.
When using, patient 19 is seated on the seat portion 42 of external bonesetting machine, with the fixing shoulder of shoulder joint button 2 or with the fixing breast of breast fixing band 3, usefulness elbow fixing band is elbow fixedly, selects fixedly corresponding site of ankle button according to fracture site, rotate the adjusting handle countertraction, correct that fracture end is overlapping, angulation, rotation displacement, then correct lateral displacement with bone setting forceps, reach good para-position to the line effect, after boneseting successfully, select outer fixing reliably.
As shown in Figure 2, when fracture of upper limb, patient 19 places on the external bonesetting machine, with the fixing shoulder of shoulder joint button 2 or with the fixing breast of breast fixing band, select fixedly elbow of elbow fixing band according to fracture site, or with the fixing wrist of wrist ankle button, rotate the handwheel countertraction, correct that fracture end is overlapping, angulation, rotation, joint dislocation, then correct lateral displacement with bone setting forceps, can correct shoulder, elbow, dislocation of wrist joint simultaneously.When clavicular fracture, the patient is seated on the external bonesetting machine, with the fixing chest and with the fixing waist of ilium waist fixing band of breast fixing band, rotating very, back handwheel (band groove) makes the patient endure the waist chest expanding, pull open overlapping, angulation, the rotation displacement of clavicular fracture, with external bone setting forceps the lateral displacement of clavicle is carried out reduction.
As shown in Figure 3, when lower limb were fractured, the patient was seated at or crouches on external bonesetting chair, and seat is fixing with ilium waist fixing band 6, clinostatism is with the fixing trunk of shoulder joint button 2, the other end rotates the handwheel countertraction with the fixing ankle of wrist ankle button 15, and the correction fracture end is overlapping, angulation, rotation displacement, then correct lateral displacement with bone setting forceps, reach good para-position to the line effect, boneset successfully after, select outer fixing reliably.
When the fracture site separation needs intercalation involutory, fixing with elbow cover or knee joint cover, prevent elbow or gonycampsis, reach involutory purpose.
When fracturing, the reduction human limb should note following item: 1, clockwise rotate handwheel and correct fracture overlapping, angulation, rotation, joint dislocation; Correct fracture when 2, rotating counterclockwise handwheel and separate, intercalation is involutory; 3, when having an intense pain appears in the patient in the reduction process, should stop immediately reduction, releasing has an intense pain, with the various histoorgans of protection limbs.
Above-described embodiment is not to be restriction to external bonesetting machine; the those of ordinary skill in relevant technologies field; in the situation of the spirit and scope that do not break away from this external bonesetting machine; can also make various variations and modification; therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also should belong to the category of this external bonesetting machine, and the scope of patent protection of this external bonesetting machine should be limited by each claim.

Claims (10)

1. external bonesetting machine, it comprises seat platform, and towing bracket and hold assembly is characterized in that, and described seat platform is provided with governor motion, and the described towing bracket of a minimum cover is installed on the described seat platform, and is connected with described governor motion; Adjustable elevating lever is installed on the described towing bracket, is fixed with hold assembly on the described elevating lever.
2. external bonesetting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, described governor motion is provided with the traction handwheel with graduation mark for fine adjustment towing bracket dilatability.
3. external bonesetting machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, be provided with tooth bar in the described towing bracket, on the described governor motion driven wheel is set, described driven wheel and described tooth bar are connected with a joggle, and described driven wheel is connected with the traction handwheel with graduation mark.
4. external bonesetting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, described hold assembly is wrist ankle button, includes soft protective layer in it.
5. external bonesetting machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, described soft protective layer is soft rubber sleeve.
6. external bonesetting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, is fixed with lifting regulating mechanism on the described towing bracket, and described elevating lever is installed in the described lifting regulating mechanism, and described lifting regulating mechanism is provided with adjusting handle.
7. external bonesetting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it is characterized in that described seat platform comprises seat portion and back-rest, described seat portion and described back-rest are adjustable flexible connection, and described back-rest upper end is provided with dismountable head rest; Described back-rest holds both sides to be provided with the shoulder joint button on the upper side.
8. external bonesetting machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, is provided with breast fixing band and ilium waist fixing band on the described back-rest.
9. external bonesetting machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, be provided with foot pedal apparatus in described seat portion, described foot pedal apparatus comprises pedal and the connecting rod that is connected with described pedal, described connecting rod be installed on the described seat portion, described pedal may be folded on the described connecting rod.
10. external bonesetting machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, it is characterized in that, be provided with liftable handrail in described seat portion both sides, be provided with the elbow fixing band on the described handrail, and described handrail is connected with armrest adjustment mechanism on being fixed in described seat portion, is provided with on the described armrest adjustment mechanism be used to the 4th adjusting handle of regulating described height of armrests.
CN201210325422.7A 2012-09-04 2012-09-04 External bonesetting machine Expired - Fee Related CN102973344B (en)

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CN102973344B CN102973344B (en) 2015-08-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108670525A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-19 魏菲菲 Orthopaedic nursing draws support device
CN109512568A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-26 胡夫东 A kind of adjustable constraint chair of psychiatric department
CN111134813A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-12 无锡市人民医院 Adjustable lower limb bone traction device without sliding weight

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2248546Y (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-03-05 中国人民解放军第252医院 Multi-function device for reducing fractured limbs or for distractions
JP2001293020A (en) * 2000-04-17 2001-10-23 Yoshinori Inoue Knee joint tractor
CN2645634Y (en) * 2003-09-25 2004-10-06 李学惠 Stand and decubitus lumbar vertebrae traction massage bed
CN202920429U (en) * 2012-09-04 2013-05-08 曾国良 Extracorporeal bonesetting machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2248546Y (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-03-05 中国人民解放军第252医院 Multi-function device for reducing fractured limbs or for distractions
JP2001293020A (en) * 2000-04-17 2001-10-23 Yoshinori Inoue Knee joint tractor
CN2645634Y (en) * 2003-09-25 2004-10-06 李学惠 Stand and decubitus lumbar vertebrae traction massage bed
CN202920429U (en) * 2012-09-04 2013-05-08 曾国良 Extracorporeal bonesetting machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108670525A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-19 魏菲菲 Orthopaedic nursing draws support device
CN109512568A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-26 胡夫东 A kind of adjustable constraint chair of psychiatric department
CN111134813A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-12 无锡市人民医院 Adjustable lower limb bone traction device without sliding weight

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Owner name: CENG DONGHUA

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Inventor after: Zeng Donghua

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Address after: Longnan town 341700 Jiangxi city in Ganzhou Province, Longnan County Jindu community Dragon Road No. 15

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Applicant after: Zeng Donghua

Address before: Longnan town 341700 Jiangxi city in Ganzhou Province, Longnan County Jindu community Dragon Road No. 15

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Addressee: Huang Minjie

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