CN102944235A - Marine electronic chart navigator - Google Patents

Marine electronic chart navigator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102944235A
CN102944235A CN2012104701497A CN201210470149A CN102944235A CN 102944235 A CN102944235 A CN 102944235A CN 2012104701497 A CN2012104701497 A CN 2012104701497A CN 201210470149 A CN201210470149 A CN 201210470149A CN 102944235 A CN102944235 A CN 102944235A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
input
arm development
signal wire
electronic chart
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Pending
Application number
CN2012104701497A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄玉贵
王胜正
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Shanghai Maritime University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Maritime University filed Critical Shanghai Maritime University
Priority to CN2012104701497A priority Critical patent/CN102944235A/en
Publication of CN102944235A publication Critical patent/CN102944235A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a marine electronic chart navigator which comprises an ARM (Advanced RISC machines) development plate and a peripheral circuit, wherein the ARM development plate is connected with an electronic chart system; the peripheral circuit comprises a Beidou signal receiving module, a serial port card extension module, an electronic compass module; the serial port communication end of the ARM development plate is connected to the input/output end of the serial port card extension module by virtue of a signal wire; the input/output end of the ARM development plate is connected with the input/output end of the Beidou signal receiving module by virtue of a signal wire; the input end of the ARM development plate is connected to the output end of the electronic compass module by virtue of a signal wire; and the output end of the ARM development plate is connected to the input end of a liquid crystal display module by virtue of a signal wire. The navigator is an integral comprehensive navigator; a simple, convenient, practical, stable and reliable scheme with flexibility in use and high performance cost ratio is adopted, and a mature electronic compass in the prior art is integrated on a Beidou receiver with the electronic chart system, so that the positioning and navigation of ships can be realized by virtue of single equipment.

Description

A kind of electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel
Technical field
The present invention relates to admittance equipment and technology peculiar to vessel, can be used for the location navigation in the ship's navigation process, be specially adapted to inland navigation craft and fishing boat.
Background technology
In the 86th conference of the Maritime Safety committee (MSC) that holds in June, 2009, International Maritime Organization (IMO) (IMO) approval revision International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), require mandatory carriage electronic chart display and infor mation system (ECDIS), on the coastal and foreign-going ship AIS(ship automatic identification system has been installed all now), the GPS(GPS), the Gyro(compass), radar, ECDIS(electronic chart display and infor mation system) etc. communication and navigation equipment, guarantee the safe navigation of boats and ships.But these navigator are separate, and various navigation informations also do not have the overall treatment platform.But because these costs of equipment are all higher, in view of the consideration of installation cost, some inland navigation crafts and fishing boat navigator or relatively backward.
In addition, along with the enforcement with Big Dipper a new generation GPS (Global Position System) of building up of China's Beidou satellite navigation system, the marine navigation key equipment will be realized renewal and the application from GPS to the Big Dipper.The reception of Big Dipper satellite signal just seems very urgent with application.In the marine vessel applications field, the Big Dipper obtains very good application in fishery, and the application of Beidou satellite navigation system can greatly ensure the fishing boat safety of going to sea, and has consolidated and developed fish production.But, also be not applied in most of boats and ships, along with the maturation of Beidou satellite navigation system, consider the national strategy security needs, on the merchant ship that dipper system will be widely applied, thereby break away from serious dependence to GPS.
At present, domestic had a lot of units in research and development to the Big Dipper satellite signal receiver, but all only realize the receiving function to Big Dipper signal, do not combine with ECDIS well, can not intuitively show position information.The similar GPS receiver of external exploitation can this function of fine realization, the GPSMAP of U.S. Garmin company series marine navigator for example, but also radio compass is not combined.Electronic compass is an application of in recent years rising, and has obtained fine application on the mobile phone now, if this application also is generalized on the navigator peculiar to vessel, will be a very practical and valuable application.
In sum, realize that a set electron sea chart and radio compass in the Beidou receiver of one, are application very with practical value.Now, exploitation a kind of these set of applications synthetic one can carry out independently, each other information communication and all information fusion together comprehensive navigator be necessary.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the consideration for needs and the equipment installation cost of current navigation safety, a kind of integrated navigation equipment that integrates multiple navigation feature is provided, the function that existing each autonomous device of this equipment has is made again as a whole its distinctive function that has.
The present invention is that the technical scheme that its technical matters of solution adopts is,
A kind of electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel includes ARM development board and peripheral circuit, and the ARM development board links to each other with ECDIS, and peripheral circuit comprises Big Dipper signal receiving module, serial port board expansion module, electrical compass module;
The serial communication end of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of serial port board expansion module by signal wire, the input/output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of Big Dipper signal receiving module by signal wire, the input end of ARM development board is connected to the output terminal of radio compass module by signal wire, the output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input end of LCD MODULE by signal wire.
The ARM development board also passes through serial port board expansion module and GPS, AIS, compass, log, and anerovane, sounder, ARPA link to each other.
This electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel is by Big Dipper navigation receiver module, serial port board expansion module, radio compass module and electronic chart display and infor mation system, and ARM development board and display screen form, and are comprised of hardware and software two parts.Hardware is comprised of ARM development board and peripheral circuit, and this peripheral circuit comprises Big Dipper signal receiving module, serial port board expansion module, electrical compass module, LCD MODULE.The serial communication end of development board is connected to the input/output terminal of serial port board expansion module by signal wire, the input/output terminal of development board is connected to the input/output terminal of Big Dipper signal receiving module by signal wire, the input end of development board is connected to the output terminal of radio compass module by signal wire, the output terminal of development board is connected to the input end of LCD MODULE by signal wire.Software mainly is electronic chart display and infor mation system, has the vector of demonstration electronic chart, receives and the functions such as parsing external signal, sail plan, navigation monitoring.
Big Dipper receiver module has reception and sends dual-use function, behind the antenna reception Big Dipper satellite signal, processing through receiver draws the particular location of antenna at last, and can send to the RS232 serial ports to positional information, sends connected equipment by serial ports again.Realize electronic compass function, need three axle magnetometric sensors and a 3-axis acceleration sensor that detects magnetic field.The radio compass module realizes obtaining course and the attitude of mobile object by three axle magnetometers and triaxial accelerometer being integrated in two-in-one sensor assembly in the encapsulation.This module can adopt STMicw Electronics to release three axle magnetometers and triaxial accelerometer are integrated in two-in-one sensor assembly LSM303DLH in the encapsulation, can obtain the correct course of boats and ships by such module, and export ECDIS to.ECDIS reads from the course information of the locating information of Big Dipper receiver module and radio compass and external equipment signal, concentrates on these navigation informations in the ECDIS and exports on the display screen.ECDIS also possesses the demonstration electronic chart except showing various navigation informations, voyage plan, the functions such as navigation monitoring.The vector electronic chart data of IHO S-57 form can be resolved and meet with the standard demonstration of IHO S-52, navigational record and the playback history track of boats and ships can be automatically preserved.
The invention has the advantages that, this navigating instrument is integrated integrated navigation instrument, adopted easy, practical, use flexibly, cost performance is high, reliable and stable scheme, the radio compass of integrated current techniques maturation on the Beidou receiver with ECDIS just can be realized the location navigation of boats and ships by single equipment.This system cost is cheaper, and easy to use, and is safe and reliable, can bring into play great effect on inland navigation craft and fishing boat.The present invention combines ECDIS well with continue receipts machine and radio compass of the Big Dipper, form a comprehensive navigating instrument, is not only on the hardware a kind of simply integratedly, but the overall treatment analysis of various data forms a kind of more powerful system.Electronic chart can read the navigation data of this device interior and not rely on outside source, in the situation that GPS, compass are not installed, equally realize the navigation demand, thereby realize the visual safe navigation of boats and ships, also can alleviate to a certain extent crewman's burden.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the navigating instrument that proposes of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Big Dipper receiver module;
Fig. 3 is the functional schematic of ECDIS.
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with diagram and specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel that the present invention proposes includes ARM development board and peripheral circuit, and the ARM development board links to each other with ECDIS, and peripheral circuit comprises Big Dipper signal receiving module, serial port board expansion module, electrical compass module;
The serial communication end of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of serial port board expansion module by signal wire, the input/output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of Big Dipper signal receiving module by signal wire, the input end of ARM development board is connected to the output terminal of radio compass module by signal wire, the output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input end of LCD MODULE by signal wire.
The ARM development board also passes through serial port board expansion module and GPS, AIS, compass, log, and anerovane, sounder, ARPA link to each other.
As shown in Figure 1, the hardware components of this navigating instrument mainly contains the ARM development board, Big Dipper receiver module, radio compass module and serial port board expansion module.Big Dipper receiver module and radio compass module are placed on the result in the storage unit after processing to the received signal, and carry out reception ﹠ disposal can be in real time uninterruptedly to signal the time, constantly update the data in the storage unit.By the serial port board expansion module, can also receive GPS, AIS, compass, anerovane, sounder, the external signals such as log and ARPA, these all are the signals of the NMEA0183 of standard.
After processing by the data of bottom, be responsible for various navigation datas are processed by ECDIS software, Big Dipper positioning signal and radio compass signal that system is carried, only need to read out demonstration from storage unit gets final product, then need to read Serial Port Information by operating system for external signal, the data that receive are resolved.Whether it also is the interface that Big Dipper receiver module and radio compass module are configured simultaneously, and the upper strata test platform is provided, normal to judge Big Dipper receiver module and the work of radio compass module.ECDIS is except receiving the navigation information, and also having a critical function is to show the vector electronic chart, and can be presented at this ship sail information intuitively on the electronic chart, such as: accommodation, course, the speed of a ship or plane, and external information, such as the AIS target, ARPA target etc.Can also realize flight-line design, the navigation monitoring detects the functions such as navigation warning automatically.
As shown in Figure 2, Big Dipper navigation receiver module mainly partly is comprised of antenna, radio-frequency front-end, A/D converter, Big Dipper baseband chip, base band signal process and navigation calculation.Radio-frequency front-end after prime amplifier amplifies, down-converts to intermediate-freuqncy signal with signal by the radiofrequency signal of antenna reception satellite; A/D converter sampling intermediate-freuqncy signal is the simulating signal quantization encoding digital signal; Baseband digital signal processing section major function is: the two dimension of satellite-signal is caught, the tracking of carrier phase and code phase, and calculates pseudorange; Last navigation calculation partly adopts certain algorithm to eliminate model error, finds the solution the pseudorange equation, parses the geographic position of satellite receiver antenna, thereby realizes satnav.
Arm processor mainly is responsible for response, processing and the control to Big Dipper baseband chip data, and this part is exactly an embedded development core board on hardware, also comprises touching LCD interface circuit, debug i/f circuit, FLASH, SDRAM etc.What Big Dipper baseband chip adopted is the HwaNavchip-1 chip, but the common ranging code of the precision code of fast Acquisition dipper system B1 and B3 frequency and the Big Dipper/gps satellite, have acquisition speed faster, high dynamic following range and measuring accuracy, by the scale-of-two of serial ports outputting standard or the signal of NMEA 0183 form, directly be connected with the RS232 mouth, the signal that arm processor receives is after routine processes, data are sent to analysis program and verify processing, calculate positional information, and show in liquid crystal display.
As shown in Figure 3, ECDIS has sea chart and shows and data management, flight-line design, the functions such as course line supervision and interface configuration.Chart data and display management are mainly used in showing electronic chart, and sea chart editor and data management are such as importing and the renewal of data.Electronic chart is according to color and the symbol demonstration sea chart of IHO S-52 with standard, and the sea chart editor can carry out manual renewal to sea chart, also can be that the manual of some crewman marked and drawed.Flight-line design mainly realizes creating, revises, deletes, imports and derives the course line, to selecting as monitoring course line, course line, makees the voyage plan table, track check simultaneously from the course line that creates.In the ship's navigation process, need to do the navigation monitoring, can do automatic safety detection according to this ship navigation safety key element, provide alarm, also can preserve or the playback navigational record, the function of ship log is provided.Interface configuration management is that the external signal to access manages, and supports the signal of access that GPS, AIS, compass are arranged, anerovane, and sounder, log and ARPA can configure the port of reception, frequency etc.After port arrangement was good, system is the read port data constantly, resolved reading data again.
Above demonstration and described ultimate principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in above-described embodiment and the instructions just illustrates principle of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. an electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel is characterized in that, include ARM development board and peripheral circuit, the ARM development board links to each other with ECDIS, and peripheral circuit comprises Big Dipper signal receiving module, serial port board expansion module, electrical compass module;
The serial communication end of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of serial port board expansion module by signal wire, the input/output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input/output terminal of Big Dipper signal receiving module by signal wire, the input end of ARM development board is connected to the output terminal of radio compass module by signal wire, the output terminal of ARM development board is connected to the input end of LCD MODULE by signal wire.
2. a kind of electronic chart navigating instrument peculiar to vessel according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the ARM development board also passes through serial port board expansion module and GPS, AIS, compass, log, and anerovane, sounder, ARPA link to each other.
CN2012104701497A 2012-11-19 2012-11-19 Marine electronic chart navigator Pending CN102944235A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103529464A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-22 济南奥维信息科技有限公司 Terminal device based on Compass satellite system
CN105021228A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 上海海事大学 Marine information sensor network systems assisting vessel sailing
CN105388815A (en) * 2015-12-27 2016-03-09 哈尔滨米米米业科技有限公司 Information interface processing device based on Vxworks system
CN105572709A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 福建伊斯普电子科技有限公司 High-precision sea chart instrument based on Beidou satellite positioning
CN106019284A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-10-12 中船航海科技有限责任公司 Fusion algorithm of ship radar ARPA target and AIS target
CN107289947A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-24 上海海阳气象导航技术有限公司 A kind of boat-carrying intelligent gas is as navigation system
CN107392590A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-24 武汉大学 Electronic chart post-paid System and method for based on Big Dipper short message
CN108241325A (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-07-03 无锡孚嘉航海科技有限公司 Portable boat intelligent information terminal
CN108540775A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-09-14 宁波世纪海洋信息科技有限公司 A kind of polynary marine information acquisition system of boat-carrying

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101453693A (en) * 2008-12-10 2009-06-10 扬州万方电子技术有限责任公司 Multi-element information fusion and wireless transmission system based on GIS platform
CN101566474A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-10-28 中国地质调查局发展研究中心 Positioning and directional digital geological compass with low cost, high precision and high integration
US20110181464A1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2011-07-28 Mstar Semiconductor, Inc. Method of Position Determination in a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Receiver

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101453693A (en) * 2008-12-10 2009-06-10 扬州万方电子技术有限责任公司 Multi-element information fusion and wireless transmission system based on GIS platform
CN101566474A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-10-28 中国地质调查局发展研究中心 Positioning and directional digital geological compass with low cost, high precision and high integration
US20110181464A1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2011-07-28 Mstar Semiconductor, Inc. Method of Position Determination in a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Receiver

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103529464A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-22 济南奥维信息科技有限公司 Terminal device based on Compass satellite system
CN105021228A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-04 上海海事大学 Marine information sensor network systems assisting vessel sailing
CN105388815A (en) * 2015-12-27 2016-03-09 哈尔滨米米米业科技有限公司 Information interface processing device based on Vxworks system
CN105572709A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 福建伊斯普电子科技有限公司 High-precision sea chart instrument based on Beidou satellite positioning
CN106019284A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-10-12 中船航海科技有限责任公司 Fusion algorithm of ship radar ARPA target and AIS target
CN107392590A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-24 武汉大学 Electronic chart post-paid System and method for based on Big Dipper short message
CN107289947A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-24 上海海阳气象导航技术有限公司 A kind of boat-carrying intelligent gas is as navigation system
CN108241325A (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-07-03 无锡孚嘉航海科技有限公司 Portable boat intelligent information terminal
CN108540775A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-09-14 宁波世纪海洋信息科技有限公司 A kind of polynary marine information acquisition system of boat-carrying
CN108540775B (en) * 2018-04-24 2020-08-11 宁波世纪海洋信息科技有限公司 Shipborne multi-element marine information acquisition system

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Application publication date: 20130227