CN102935010A - Deep hypothermia therapy apparatus for rectal cancer - Google Patents

Deep hypothermia therapy apparatus for rectal cancer Download PDF

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CN102935010A
CN102935010A CN 201210474711 CN201210474711A CN102935010A CN 102935010 A CN102935010 A CN 102935010A CN 201210474711 CN201210474711 CN 201210474711 CN 201210474711 A CN201210474711 A CN 201210474711A CN 102935010 A CN102935010 A CN 102935010A
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tube
liquid
end
vacuum
valve
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CN 201210474711
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Chinese (zh)
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孙德超
戴宗晴
张志云
段凯仁
张霞
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湖南爱芷生医疗科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a deep hypothermia therapy apparatus for rectal cancer. The therapy apparatus comprises a dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank, a liquid adding tube, an infusion tube and an exhaust tube. The therapy apparatus is characterized in that a booster is arranged in an interlayer of the dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank, the booster is communicated with the upper portion of the dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank through a first electromagnetic valve or a first manual valve, the infusion tube is provided with a second electromagnetic valve and a second manual valve, one end of the infusion tube is inserted into liquid nitrogen of the dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank, the other end of the infusion tube is communicated with a freezer, one end of the liquid adding tube is inserted into the upper portion of the dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank, the other end of the liquid adding tube is connected to a liquid nitrogen input tube through a one-way valve, one end of the exhaust tube is inserted into the upper portion of the dual-layer vacuum liquid-storing tank and the other end of the exhaust tube is communicated with atmosphere through a third manual valve. The booster is a spiral copper tube booster. The therapy apparatus is mainly used for curing the rectal cancer.

Description

用于直肠癌的深低温治疗机 Deep hypothermia treatment for colorectal cancer in the machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种深低温治疗机,尤其涉及一种专门用于直肠癌的深低温治疗机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a cryogenic treatment machine, particularly to cryogenic treatment of colorectal cancer for a specialized machine. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以液氮为冷媒的治疗机目前在用的有美国生产的LCS-2000型和我国上海生产的LD-Z型治疗机。 [0002] liquid nitrogen as a refrigerant treatment machine currently in use are the United States produced LCS-2000 type of Shanghai and the production of LD-Z-type treatment machine. 前者为插入式冷冻头型式,主要用于大、中型肝癌治疗,价格昂贵,高达数百万元。 The former head type plug-in refrigeration, mainly for large and medium-sized liver cancer treatment, expensive, up to several million dollars. 后者系一款简易的气压液喷射式冷冻治疗机,容积小,无显示,难以控制。 A pneumatic system which is simple liquid jet machine cryotherapy, small volume, no display is difficult to control. 且二者皆系上世纪产品,控制及显示技术均已落后。 Both of these two lines of the last century and product, control and display technology have been left behind. 迄今为止,国内外尚无一款结构先进、性能优良、操作简便、显示直观、价格低廉的专门用于直肠癌治疗的冷冻机供临床使用,同时,也制 So far, no home and abroad an advanced structure, excellent performance, easy operation, intuitive display, inexpensive freezer specifically for the treatment of colorectal cancer for clinical use, but also the system

约了冷冻治疗这一有效外科治疗手段的推广及应用。 About the promotion and use of cryotherapy this effective surgical treatment of.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种用于直肠癌的深低温治疗机,以解决上述存在的问题。 [0003] The object of the present invention to provide a cryogenic machine for the treatment of colorectal cancer, in order to solve the above problems.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明的技术解决方案是:一种用于直肠癌的深低温治疗机,包括双层真空储液罐、加液管、输液管和排气管,其特征在于: [0004] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is: a method for treating colorectal cancer a cryogenic machine comprising double vacuum reservoir, liquid addition tube, infusion tube and the exhaust pipe, wherein :

A、所述的双层真空储液罐I的夹层中,设有增压器2,该增压器通过电磁阀一 3或手动阀一4与双层真空储液罐I的上部连通; A, double sandwich the vacuum reservoir I, 2 is provided with a supercharger, the turbocharger 3 or a manual valve through a solenoid valve 4 communicates with the upper portion of a double vacuum reservoir I;

B、所述的输液管5是带有电磁阀二 6和手动阀二7的输液管,其一端插入双层真空储液罐的液氮中,另一端与致冷器相连通; B, the infusion tube 5 and 6 are two manual valves infusion tube with two solenoid valves 7, one end of which is inserted in liquid nitrogen double vacuum reservoir, and the other end communicating with the refrigerator;

C、所述的加液管12,其一端插入双层真空储液罐I的上部,另一端通过单向阀9与液氮输入管连接; C, the dosing tube 12, which is inserted into the upper end of the double vacuum reservoir I, and the other end via the check valve 9 is connected to the liquid nitrogen supply line;

D、所述的的排气管13,其一端插入双层真空储液罐I的上部,另一端通过手动阀三8与大气连通。 D, the exhaust pipe 13, which is inserted into the upper end of the double vacuum reservoir I, and the other end through the manual valve 8 communicates with the atmosphere three.

[0005] 所述的增压器2是螺旋状紫铜管增压器。 The [0005] helical copper turbocharger 2 supercharger.

[0006] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明系一款专门用于直肠癌及表浅冷冻治疗的外科用深低温冷冻治疗机,它通过致冷器对人体肿瘤组织的快速低温冷冻和缓慢融化,破坏其细胞组织,使冷冻范围内及其周边组织发生不可逆凝固性坏死,从而达到去除病变组织的目的。 [0006] Advantageous effects of the present invention: The present invention specifically for colorectal cancer and a superficial cryotherapy cryotherapy cryogenic surgical machine, which through the refrigerator flash cryopreservation on human tumor tissue and slow thawing , which destroy tissue, and the inner periphery of the freezing range of irreversible tissue coagulation necrosis, so as to achieve removal of diseased tissue.

[0007] 本机设计的冷冻方式为接触冷冻法,它可以非常方便地针对不同病灶更换形状及大小各异的致冷触头以适应治疗的需要。 [0007] The machine is designed for a contact freezing refrigerating way, it can be very easily replaced refrigeration contacts of different shapes and sizes to accommodate the need for different treatment for lesions.

[0008] 针对国产机液氮容器小、承压低、易破碎等问题,本机选用了容量为12升的双层不锈钢真空保温液氮罐。 [0008] For small containers of liquid nitrogen domestic machine, bearing down, easily broken and other problems, the present machine selection 12 liter capacity stainless steel vacuum double-layer liquid nitrogen tank.

[0009] 加压方式上,本机摒弃了传统的压缩空气加压方式,创新设计出先进的液氮罐自增压方式,不仅简化了整机结构,而且便于控制。 The [0009] pressure mode, the unit abandons the traditional manner pressurized air, the innovative design of advanced liquid nitrogen tank self-boosting mode, not only simplifies the whole structure, and easy to control.

[0010] 本机自液氮通过输液管输出,在致冷器中通过热交换汽化至气态氮排出,是一个完全封闭的系统。 [0010] The machine output from the liquid nitrogen via the infusion tube, vaporized in the cryostat exchange discharged to nitrogen gas by heat, is a completely closed system. 机器只输出一根装有可更换致冷头的连接手柄的软管,整个机器精炼、简洁。 Machine output only a cold head provided with replaceable handle of the hose connection, the entire refining machines, simple.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图I是本发明的结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. I is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0012] 图2是本发明致冷器的结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a refrigerator according to the present invention.

[0013] 图3是本发明开关电源及平板电脑的连接框图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a switching power supply connector of the present invention and the tablet.

[0014] 图中:1-双层真空储液罐,2-增压器,3-电磁阀一,4-手动阀一,5-输液管,6-电磁阀二,7-手动阀二,8-手动阀三,9-单向阀,10-压力表,11-安全阀,12-加液管,13-排气管,14-四氟乙烯外软管,15-内软管,16-内钢管,17-四氟乙烯密封圈,18-手柄外钢管,19-螺母,20-喷头,21-致冷器。 [0014] FIG: double vacuum reservoir 1-, 2- turbocharger, 3- a solenoid valve, a manual valve 4-, 5- infusion tube, two solenoid valves 6-, 7- two manual valve, three manual valve 8-, 9-way valve, 10 pressure gauge, safety valve 11-, 12- dosing tube, 13 an exhaust pipe, 14-tetrafluoroethylene hose, the hose 15, 16 - the steel, 17-tetrafluoroethylene ring, outer steel tube 18 handle, 19 a nut, the head 20, the refrigerator 21. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合附图对本发明及其具体实施方式作进一步详细说明。 [0015] accompanying drawings and the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with embodiments.

[0016] 参见图1-3,本发明包括双层真空储液罐、加液管、输液管和排气管,其特征在于: [0016] Referring to FIG 1-3, the present invention comprises a double vacuum reservoir, and fluid tube, infusion tube and the exhaust pipe, wherein:

A、所述的双层真空储液罐I的夹层中,设有增压器2,该增压器通过电磁阀一 3或手动阀一4与双层真空储液罐I的上部连通; A, double sandwich the vacuum reservoir I, 2 is provided with a supercharger, the turbocharger 3 or a manual valve through a solenoid valve 4 communicates with the upper portion of a double vacuum reservoir I;

B、所述的输液管5是带有电磁阀二 6和手动阀二7的输液管,其一端插入双层真空储液罐的液氮中,另一端与致冷器相连通; B, the infusion tube 5 and 6 are two manual valves infusion tube with two solenoid valves 7, one end of which is inserted in liquid nitrogen double vacuum reservoir, and the other end communicating with the refrigerator;

C、所述的加液管12,其一端插入双层真空储液罐I的上部,另一端通过单向阀9与液氮输入管连接; C, the dosing tube 12, which is inserted into the upper end of the double vacuum reservoir I, and the other end via the check valve 9 is connected to the liquid nitrogen supply line;

D、所述的的排气管13,其一端插入双层真空储液罐I的上部,另一端通过手动阀三8与大气连通。 D, the exhaust pipe 13, which is inserted into the upper end of the double vacuum reservoir I, and the other end through the manual valve 8 communicates with the atmosphere three.

[0017] 所述的增压器2是螺旋状紫铜管增压器。 The [0017] helical copper turbocharger 2 supercharger.

[0018] 参见图1,I为自增压储液罐,由双层不锈钢焊接而成,中间抽真空层间靠外壁布有螺旋状紫铜管增压器2,它的下端管口与内罐底相通,液氮可以进入其中,上端管口通过阀门3与内罐上部相通,紧贴外罐的紫铜管吸收来自外罐传导的热量而致增压器内的液氮汽化,通过电磁阀一3或手动阀一4开合,接通与隔绝增压器中汽化后的氮气进入液氮罐上部,达到控制罐内压力的目的。 [0018] Referring to Figure 1, I is a reservoir self-boosting, by a double welding stainless steel and the intermediate layer by vacuum pumping between the outer wall covering copper spiral supercharger 2, and its lower inner nozzle bottom of the tank communicates, wherein the liquid nitrogen can enter, the upper end of the nozzle 3 communicates with the tank through an upper portion of the valve, close to the outer copper canister absorb heat from the outer tank conduction caused in the pressurized liquid nitrogen is vaporized by electromagnetic 3 a valve or a manual valve 4 to open and close, and the isolated booster ON nitrogen vaporized liquid nitrogen into the upper tank, to control the internal pressure of the object. 在压力作用下,液氮通过输液管被压出,由电磁阀二6或手动阀二7控制其通断,用于与致冷器连接进行治疗。 Under pressure, liquid nitrogen is forced out through the infusion tube, a solenoid valve controlled by a manual valve or two two 6 7 off which, for connection with a refrigerator treatment. 8为排气阀(手动阀三),向罐内注入液氮时及治疗结束后均需打开,其余时间皆处于关闭状态。 8 is an exhaust valve (manual valve C), liquid nitrogen is injected into the tank after treatment and the required opening, the rest are in a closed state. 加液管接口处有特制非标单向阀门9,加液时只要装上注液管即自动打开,注液管拆除后则自行关闭。 Dosing tubes special non-standard interface with a check valve 9, when installed add liquid as long as the injection pipe is opened automatically, after removal of the injection tube itself off. 10为压力表,11为安全阀。 10 gauge, 11 as a safety valve.

[0019] 参见图2,21为致冷器(冷冻探头),由紫铜或白银制造,以期得到高的热传导率。 [0019] Referring to FIG. 2, 21 is a refrigerator (cryoprobe), manufactured from copper or silver, in order to obtain a high thermal conductivity. 致冷器通过螺母19与手柄外钢管相连,其间衬有聚四氟乙烯密封圈17,在手柄不锈钢外管里装有不锈钢内管16及喷头,手柄左端与塑料外软管14及内软管15相连,接于机器的输液管上,治疗时,液氮通过内软管15、内钢管16,由喷头喷出,在致冷器21头部经过与病变组织体温传导热交换汽化之后,氮气经过内外管之间的空隙逸出。 Refrigerator by a nut 19 connected to the handle and the outer pipe, lined with polytetrafluoroethylene sealing ring 17 therebetween, with the inner tube 16 and the stainless steel outer tube of the handle head, the left end of the handle tube 14 and the inner plastic outer hose 15 is connected to the infusion tube connected to the machine, the treatment, the liquid nitrogen 15, the steel pipe 16, discharged from the nozzle through the inner tube, the head portion 21 and the cooler temperature after conducting heat exchange diseased tissue vaporization, nitrogen through the gap between the inner and outer tubes to escape.

[0020] 为适应各种不同的病灶,本机备有一套形状及大小各异的致冷器(探头)供治疗时选择。 [0020] In order to meet a variety of lesions, this machine is equipped with a set of different shapes and sizes of refrigerator (probe) for the treatment time selected. [0021] 参见图3,开关电源及控制电路由隔离变压器一只,开关电源两套及电源适配器一套组成,分别为系统控制电路板和平板电脑供电。 [0021] Referring to Figure 3, switching power supply and a control circuit isolating transformer, the switching power supply adapter and a set of two, namely the system control circuit board and the tablet supply.

[0022] 本机的控制部分由自动程序控制和手动控制两套系统组成。 [0022] The control part of the machine control system consists of two automatic process control and manual. 自动控制系统硬件包括触屏平板电脑,专用程控器,检测及反馈元件压力传感器、温度传感器、液位传感器及执行元件二位二通低温电磁阀组成。 Automatic control system hardware comprises a touch tablet, dedicated programmable controller, and a feedback detecting element pressure sensors, temperature sensors, liquid level sensors and actuators two two cryogenic solenoid valve. 本机的手动控制系统由两只手动调节阀和压力表组成,一般只是在突发停电情况下作应急使用,通常状态下,手动控制阀处于关闭状态。 Manual control system of the machine by two manual control valve and pressure gauge, generally only emergency use in case of unexpected power outage perishable, In the normal state, the manual valve is in a closed state.

[0023] 本机使用非常简便,简述如下: [0023] The present machine is very simple, summarized as follows:

加入液氮:为本机运送和加注液氮的容器是一只与机内罐结构相同的自增压不锈钢罐。 Of liquid nitrogen: container transport and native liquid nitrogen filling is the same as a machine tank structure from pressurized stainless steel tanks. 加液氮时只需用专用输液软管将机外罐与机内罐加液口相连,打开机内罐排气管上的手动阀三8,关闭机外罐排气阀,打开机外罐增压阀,待机外罐压力表示值至I. O〜2. IMpa时,打开输液阀,液氮便会自动压入机内罐中。 Simply adding nitrogen when the infusion hose is connected to a dedicated tank outside the machine and the machine can fill ports, opening the manual valve on the exhaust pipe three machine tank 8, the exhaust valve is closed tank outside the machine, open the machine outside the tank boost valve, waiting outside the tank to a pressure value indicating I. O~2. IMpa, the infusion valve is opened, liquid nitrogen will be automatically pushed into the machine tank. 在机器自动控制系统开启的情况下,液氮的加入量以百分比形式动态显示。 In the case of automatic control system on the machine, the amount of liquid nitrogen as a percentage of the dynamic display. 在断电状态下,用肉眼观察排气口有较大雾状气体逸出或有液氮溢出时表示液氮已加满。 In the power off state, with the exhaust port greater visually observed gas evolution mist overflow represents nitrogen or liquid nitrogen is filled when. 此时关闭外罐输液阀,卸掉加液软管,关闭冷冻机手动排气阀,治疗机即可推入手术室备用。 Now closed infusion valve outside the tank, add remove liquid hose, an exhaust valve closing manual freezer, the treatment machine can be pushed into the operating room use.

[0024] 在手术室内使用时应首先接通电源,打开计算机,显示屏出现Windows环境下的主菜单;然后在机器液氮输出口上接上致冷器软管,在测温计接口上接上测温针;按电脑界面提示,选择“自动”程序后,机器便按照预定程序自动进行增压、稳压、液氮输出;此时将致冷器接触病变部位、测温针置于病变部位距致冷头5毫米处,电脑即开始计时,并显示时间温度曲线。 [0024] In the operating room when the power is turned on first use, the computer is opened, the main menu appears on the display in a Windows environment; then connect the hose cooler liquid nitrogen outlet on the machine, connected to the interface on the pyrometer needle temperature; prompted by the computer interface, select "auto" program, the machine will automatically according to a predetermined program pressurized regulator, an output of liquid nitrogen; In this case the refrigerator contacting the lesion, the lesion is placed needle temperature from refrigeration head 5 mm, i.e. the computer start timing and display time-temperature profile. 机器按自动程序治疗结束后,点击“保存资料”,则资料被保存于机器硬盘中。 After the end of the machine by automatic treatment program, click on the "save data", the data is stored in the machine's hard drive. 点击“结束”后,自动程序终止运行。 Click "Finish", the program automatically terminates. 机器在自动程序运行中,还可以根据治疗需要随时进行人工干预,修改治疗参数或重复某一步骤。 In the automatic machine program is running, the therapeutic may also require manual intervention at any time, or modify treatment parameters repeating steps a.

[0025] 开机后如果在计算机界面上选择“手动”,机器自控系统则不会启动,各电磁阀均自行处于关闭状态,可通过人工调节增压阀,以压力表监视控制压力,手动调节输液阀控制输出液氮流量进行治疗。 [0025] If the boot select "MANUAL" on the computer screen, the machine will not start the automatic control system, the solenoid valves are closed on their own, may be manually adjusted by the boost valve to control the pressure gauge monitor, manually adjust the infusion nitrogen flow rate control valve output for treatment. 手动控制只是在突发停电等紧急情况下使用。 Manual control except in emergencies like sudden power failure.

[0026] 所述的电磁阀三3、手动阀一4和电磁阀二6、手动阀二7是电磁阀和手动阀并联,分别用于自动和手动两套控制系统的阀门组。 [0026] three (3) of the solenoid valve, a manual valve 4 and two solenoid valves 6, two manual valve 7 is an electromagnetic valve and a manual valve in parallel, each group of valves for the two automatic and manual control systems.

Claims (2)

  1. 1. 一种用于直肠癌的深低温治疗机,包括双层真空储液罐、加液管、输液管和排气管,其特征在于: A、所述的双层真空储液罐(I)的夹层中,设有增压器(2),该增压器通过电磁阀一(3)或手动阀一(4)与双层真空储液罐(I)的上部连通; B、所述的输液管(5)是带有电磁阀二(6)和手动阀二(7)的输液管,其一端插入双层真空储液罐的液氮中, 另一端与致冷器相连通; C、所述的加液管(12),其一端插入双层真空储液罐(I)的上部,另一端通过单向阀(9)与液氮输入管连接; D、所述的的排气管(13),其一端插入双层真空储液罐(I)的上部,另一端通过手动阀三(8)与大气连通。 1. A method for treating colorectal cancer a cryogenic machine, comprising a double vacuum reservoir, and fluid tube, infusion tube and the exhaust pipe, wherein: A, the double vacuum reservoir (I ) of the interlayer, is provided with a supercharger (2), the turbocharger communicated through a solenoid valve (3) or a manual valve (4) and the upper double vacuum reservoir (I) a; B, the infusion tube (5) di (6), and two manual valve (7) of the infusion tube with an electromagnetic valve, which is inserted into one end of the double vacuum reservoir in liquid nitrogen, and the other end communicating with the refrigerator; C said dosing tube (12) having one end inserted into the upper double vacuum reservoir (I) and the other end passes through the check valve (9) is connected to the liquid nitrogen inlet tube; D, the exhaust tube (13) having one end inserted into the upper double vacuum reservoir (I) and the other end communicating through the manual valve tris (8) with the atmosphere.
  2. 2.按权利要求I所述的治疗机,其特征在于所述的增压器(2)是螺旋状紫铜管增压器。 2. The treatment machine according to claim I in claim 1, characterized in that said booster (2) is a spiral supercharger copper.
CN 201210474711 2012-11-21 2012-11-21 Deep hypothermia therapy apparatus for rectal cancer CN102935010A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87204852U (en) * 1987-03-22 1988-01-27 张湘民 Intracorporal liquid nitrogen cryotherapy device
EP0611296B1 (en) * 1991-11-05 1998-03-18 Spembly Cryosurgery Limited Method of thawing cryosurgical apparatus
CN2265167Y (en) * 1996-08-29 1997-10-22 东风汽车公司 Multi-needle liver cancer comprehensive freezing therapeutic machine
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WO2004037099A2 (en) * 2002-08-05 2004-05-06 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Improved apparatus and method for cryosurgery
CN2782060Y (en) * 2005-03-18 2006-05-24 杨燕 Low temp modality
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