CN102926439B - Resident housing living waste water treatment reused system - Google Patents

Resident housing living waste water treatment reused system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102926439B
CN102926439B CN201210445748.3A CN201210445748A CN102926439B CN 102926439 B CN102926439 B CN 102926439B CN 201210445748 A CN201210445748 A CN 201210445748A CN 102926439 B CN102926439 B CN 102926439B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
tank
pipe
waste water
storage tank
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210445748.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102926439A (en
Inventor
赵静
张珏
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Nanjing Normal University
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Nanjing Normal University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/152Water filtration

Abstract

The invention discloses a housing living waste water treatment reused system for a small high-rise resident living building. According to the characteristics of the small high-rise resident living building, clean waste water and washing water (including clothes washing water of a wash basin and bath water of a restroom) in parts of kitchens above a floor are collected and flow into a water purifying tank of a ceiling of a next floor, and are drained into a water storing tank as non-drinking water such as water for flushing a toilet, water for washing a mop and water for washing a car through purification treatment of physical filter and biochemistry. The automated treatment of a whole waste water treatment reused system is comprehensively considered, an electromagnetic valve timing sewage draining device is reasonably used so as to drain purified water at a fixed time, and a back purge system is used at a fixed time so as to fully purge back a water tank. The design of the water tank achieves that running water automatically is used to supply when reclaimed water is not sufficient, so that a closestool can normally flush water under all conditions. Meanwhile, the resident housing living waste water treatment reused system is a water-saving system which is convenient and high-efficiency.

Description

Residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system
Technical field
The present invention relates to one for resident living wastewater treatment and renovation system, is a kind of water-saving system.
Background technology
The design of at present existing family domestic waste water reclaiming system.The design of this daily life sewage is that the household waste water collectings such as the rainwater on roof, kitchen water, wash water are played to the water that is used as flushing the toilet and rinses mop.But there is many weak points in this class design at present, for example, considers from cost aspect: 1, original systems technology is all used water pump that lower water is raised to eminence storage tank for flushing the toilet.Cost is too high, and pipe arrangement is too much, increases cost.2, it is excessive that original systems technology is collected the water yield, and not only drug on the market, and the filtration that the culinary oil-polluted water of rainwater is water brings certain difficulty, increase cost.Consider from using inconvenient aspect: original systems technology explanation how to carry out water reuse, when in the middle of not considering, water is not enough, how to accomplish tap water automatic makeup to be charged into, normally wash by water any all can assurance under normal circumstances guaranteeing.Though some Design Works indicates supplementing of tap water, but needs artificial switch control, does not realize the automatic replenishment control of tap water.Consider from technical elements: 1, original systems technology, only adopt one-side biochemistry filteredly, make purification filtering thorough not, depositing of water long period, easily causes injury to a certain degree to people's health.2, original similar system design, is all put in floor treatment by clear water tanks and storage tank, takies activity space, puts to no little inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
For above the deficiencies in the prior art, according to the feature of little high-rise residenter house, the invention provides the wastewater treatment and renovation system of a kind of reasonable, applicable vast little high-rise residenter house more economically and College Dormitory, will more reasonably save and utilize daily life sewage.
Operating principle of the present invention can briefly be expressed as: the waste water that the part kitchen of a upper floor is cleaned, wash water (comprising washing clothes and bathing water in washroom washing basin) is collected and is flow in next floor furred ceiling clear water tanks and storage tank, through physical filtering, after the purified treatment such as biochemistry filtered, flushing the toilet and rinsing and wash the miscellaneous water such as mop, carwash as next floor.In order not affect the normal water supply of original water system, the water source of storage tank is designed to two parts by the present invention: a part is from the water after the treatment and purification of a upper floor, another part is when the water after purified treatment is not enough, be charged into by tap water automatic makeup, to guarantee under any circumstance, toilet all can normally be washed by water.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
Residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system, upper floor part washing waste water used is collected through pipe network and flowed in next floor furred ceiling clear water tanks, first waste water filter through multistage Arc grid in clear water tanks, described multistage Arc grid is divided into two groups: first group for dredging grid, second group is fine and closely woven grid, aquarium filtering hairbrush and spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer are housed between two groups of grids, pack biochemical cotton filter cotton in the last two-layer centre of described fine and closely woven grid; Waste water after multistage Arc grid filters carries out purification and sterilization processing through the activated adoption purifier in clear water tanks again; The top of described clear water tanks is provided with bleed off pipe, and bleed off pipe connects total waste water pipe, and the nearly water outlet of described clear water tanks is installed UV sterilization and disinfection device lamp; Waste water is drained in storage tank by pipeline after clear water tanks purifies, and storage tank is the water tank that large water tank is communicated with little water tank, and the bottom of described little water tank is provided with ball float water intaking valve, and ball float water intaking valve is connected with water supply pipe; Described storage tank top is provided with overflow pipe, overflow pipe connects described total waste water pipe, described storage tank bottom is provided with feed pipe, and by tee piece, the water of feed pipe is shunted: a part is connected with water-closet tank, utilizing gravity is its water supply, another part is placed in the top of mop tank, and water tap is installed, and the waste water that these two parts produce flows into final waste pipe by the sewer pipe of squatting over a pit to relieve oneself with mop tank.
Automatic back-flushing device is also housed between the Arc grid of described clear water tanks, packs air-blowing device at waste water into through the clear water tanks bottom in described thin grid front simultaneously.Packing into of automatic back-flushing device, utilize electromagnetic valve automatically to control, regularly carry out backwash, thereby guarantee the clean of water tank, reduce labor cleaning's number of times, make whole system automation more.
Water in described clear water tanks enters and in storage tank, adopts siphonage or adopt electromagnetic valve switch control timing drainage.
At the bottom of the case of described clear water tanks and storage tank, be Domatic.
System of the present invention, because processing is relatively meticulous, makes the scope of utilizing of waste water become wide.Water after treatment can utilize gravity directly for water-closet tank supplies water, and for flushing the toilet, can be used for rinsing simultaneously and washes mop, and carwash, wipes ground etc.Compared with prior art, have the following advantages: (1) social aspect: because system of the present invention adopts a upper floor for next floor water supply, can well get in touch with neighborhood relationship, weaken the cold and detached social phenomenon of relation between current townsfolk.(2) energy aspect: because the present invention adopts, upper Stall layer segment wash water is collected in next floor furred ceiling water tank through pipe network, after purified treatment, and flushing the toilet and other reclaimed waters as next floor.Utilize the principle of difference in height, therefore remove traditional method from water is extracted into and is exceeded water supply by lower, not needing provides kinetic energy with water pump for it, also can not produce because the use of water pump brings a series of problem.The ceiling mounting type of water tank is laid, and rationally utilizes space, can not take bottom activity space.Can effectively save the energy, solved single floor voluntarily waste water reclaim and use required use water pump as the device of power energy supply, and save electricity charge.(3) system of the present invention has very high promotional value, is not only applicable to little high-rise residenter house, and College Dormitory, is also applicable to large hotel simultaneously, and hotel etc., can be according to concrete little high-rise house type specific design.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
Take residential quarter, a little high level is as example, and except top layer, other each layer all uses water after collection and treatment as flushing supply and rinse other part living water uses such as washing mop carwash.As Fig. 1, the waste water of a upper floor (4 be upper and lower floor gap ground plate): in waste water in washroom washing basin 1, kitchen sink 2, collect without more impurity and less waste water, laundry water and catchment pipeline and the floor drain 3 of bathroom waste water of bath through laying of greasy dirt content, entered by upper Stall laminar flow in the clear water tanks 7 of next floor, filter the water purification operations such as sedimentation sterilizing.Water conservancy for kitchen use is differentiated the pollution impurity levels of water with inductor, only collect impurity less, without the water of greasy dirt, carries out cleansing and recycling, and the water that the impurity such as greasy dirt are more, directly enters total waste pipe.The waste water of a upper floor flows in clear water tanks 7, first pass through multistage Arc grid 6, grid divides into groups according to thickness, alleviate the constricted flow of water, first group is filtered into thin grid, and filtering particle is compared with bigger material, second group is finer and closely woven grid, pack air-blowing device at water into through thin grid front pool portion simultaneously and be placed on clear water tanks bottom, gas in water and soap lather can be heaved and blown to the water surface, can discharge into total waste water pipe along bleed off pipe 5.And aquarium filtering hairbrush is housed between grid, and spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer, (in spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer, contain nitrifier, and water is carried out to sterilizing) simultaneously, in the end between two-layer fine and closely woven grid, pack biochemical cotton filter cotton into, biochemical cotton being difficult for stops up, and is mainly used in cultivating nitrobacteria and carrys out toxin in decomposition water.Allow poisonous NH3/NH4 and NO2 in nitrifier decomposition water, change into nontoxic NO3.Its good springiness, surface area is larger, not fragile, effectively filtrating impurity in water of while.Through multistage Arc grid 6 and filtration hairbrush, after spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer and biochemical cotton filtration, water passes through the activated adoption purifier in clear water tanks 7 again, and water is carried out to purification and sterilization processing again.In clear water tanks 7, multinomial water purification sterilization process can carry out simultaneously, and water is done to more meticulous purified treatment, and clear water tanks 7 is enclosed.At the clear water tanks 7 nearly water outlets in left side, UV sterilization and disinfection device lamp is installed.In clear water tanks 7, automatic back-flushing device is housed, and regularly water tank is carried out to automatic backwash, avoid grid blocking to need regular dismounting to clean, this device greatly reduces the number of times of manual cleaning.The design of bleed off pipe 5 in clear water tanks 7, when waste water in clear water tanks 7 once enters too much, or the foam such as larger soap and washing powder is too many, can directly enter total waste pipe through bleed off pipe 5.Water after purification is connected and is passed into storage tank 15 by pipeline, and storage tank 15 is open type.The water of a upper floor is through physics, and biochemistry can utilize after waiting filter sterilization sedimentation again.Can adopt solenoid control timing that water is drained in storage tank 15 by clear water tanks 7.Due to the design of clear water tanks 7 be clear water tanks 7 up, storage tank 15 below, also can utilize siphonage that water is drained in storage tank 15 by clear water tanks 7.
In storage tank 15, connecting the mouth of pipe is connected with the mouth of pipe that is connected of clear water tanks 7.The global design of storage tank 15 is the water tank that large water tank is communicated with little water tank.The big or small case UNICOM design of storage tank, waste water that more effective utilization is stored up (because little water tank floor space is less, the relative large water tank of height that water can gather is higher, thereby better utilizes water).At the bottom of being designed to slope formula at the bottom of the case of storage tank 15, to determine the flow direction of water.The water source of storage tank 15 is designed to two parts, and a part is from clear water tanks 7, and another part is from water supply pipe 18.Water in storage tank 15 is first supplied by the water extraction in clear water tanks 7, in the time that the water in storage tank 15 is not enough, be that waterline is while dropping to new-type ball float water intaking valve 17 place, the little case of storage tank bottom, tap water is charged into (this device design identical with the principle of ball float moisturizing in the water-closet tank of bottom) from new-type ball float water intaking valve 17 place's automatic makeups, to guarantee that toilet under any circumstance all can normally wash by water.
The outfall of storage tank 15 is divided into two parts, and a part is overflow pipe 16, and another part is feed pipe 8.Feed pipe 8 use tee pieces 19 are shunted, and a part is connected with water-closet tank 20, and utilizing gravity is that it supplies water, as flushing supply (wherein 9 is starting bar, and 11 is steel cable, and 12 is sealing rubber stopper, and 21 is new-type ball float).Another part is placed in mop tank 13 tops, and water tap 10 is installed, as rinsing mop, other reclaimed waters such as carwash.In the time that the water in storage tank 15 is more, water flows into total waste pipe from overflow pipe 16.Final waste water will be by mop pool sewer pipe 14, the final waste pipe of 22 inflow of squatting over a pit to relieve oneself.
The operation of clear water tanks 7 and storage tank 15 in the present invention, utilizes electromagnetic valve timing to carry out draining and backwash, makes water in clear water tanks 7 have the sufficient time to purify.Purification and water discharge time can be arranged on to night, therefore not affect resident's normal water.Also can, according to the difference of summer in winter wastewater oxidation degree, design different backwashing periods.The variable flushing of water quality in summer set of frequency is higher, and turn down frequency winter.
In system of the present invention, clear water tanks is the treating apparatus of inventing the applicable average family water purification of design in conjunction with purifier and water works large purification device in current fish jar.It adopts physical filtering to combine with biochemistry filtered, and putting into of UV sterilization and disinfection lamp makes water purification processing more complete.Biochemical cotton, spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer, a series of biochemistry filtered combining such as UV sterilization and disinfection lamp, more effectively more thoroughly sterilizing, removes peculiar smell in water, guarantees Water quality, and resident can relievedly use.Activated adoption device add not only good filtration effect and also cost lower, be applicable to promoting.

Claims (4)

1. residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system, it is characterized in that, upper floor part washing waste water used collects through pipe network and flows in next floor furred ceiling clear water tanks, first waste water filter through multistage Arc grid in clear water tanks, described multistage Arc grid is divided into two groups: first group for dredging grid, second group is fine and closely woven grid, and aquarium filtering hairbrush and spiral bacterium room hairbrush strainer are housed between two groups of grids, packs biochemical cotton filter cotton in the last two-layer centre of described fine and closely woven grid; Waste water after multistage Arc grid filters carries out purification and sterilization processing through the activated adoption purifier in clear water tanks again; The top of described clear water tanks is provided with bleed off pipe, and bleed off pipe connects total waste water pipe, and the nearly water outlet of described clear water tanks is installed UV sterilization and disinfection device lamp; Waste water is drained in storage tank by pipeline after clear water tanks purifies, and storage tank is the water tank that large water tank is communicated with little water tank, and the bottom of described little water tank is provided with ball float water intaking valve, and ball float water intaking valve is connected with water supply pipe; Described storage tank top is provided with overflow pipe, overflow pipe connects described total waste water pipe, described storage tank bottom is provided with feed pipe, and by tee piece, the water of feed pipe is shunted: a part is connected with water-closet tank, utilizing gravity is its water supply, another part is placed in the top of mop tank, and water tap is installed, and the waste water that these two parts produce flows into final waste pipe by the sewer pipe of squatting over a pit to relieve oneself with mop tank.
2. residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, automatic back-flushing device is also housed between the Arc grid of described clear water tanks, packs air-blowing device at waste water through the clear water tanks bottom in described thin grid front simultaneously.
3. residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the water in described clear water tanks enters and in storage tank, adopts siphonage or adopt electromagnetic valve switch control timing drainage.
4. residenter house sanitary wastewater treatment recycling system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, at the bottom of the case of described clear water tanks and storage tank, is Domatic.
CN201210445748.3A 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Resident housing living waste water treatment reused system Expired - Fee Related CN102926439B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107217709A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 六安合益智能家居科技有限公司 A kind of purifier handled applied to floor wastewater

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CN103160492A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-06-19 哈尔滨理工大学 Preparation method of immobilized bacillus subtilis and method for treating wastewater by using immobilized bacillus subtilis
CN104060652A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-09-24 张传武 Centralized building bathroom waste water deodorizing and utilizing technology
CN105297840B (en) * 2014-07-08 2017-04-12 北京高德瑞环保科技有限公司 System and method for automatically controlling miniature recycled water treatment devices in bathrooms
CN108612343A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-10-02 朱德仲 A kind of high-level cleaner of public lavatory
CN110734198A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-01-31 佛山科学技术学院 rural distributed sewage treatment method

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CN2291960Y (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-09-23 黄润德 Arc shape grid filter for sewage
KR20050035469A (en) * 2003-10-13 2005-04-18 송우원 Used water recycling device for multiple floor building
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107217709A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 六安合益智能家居科技有限公司 A kind of purifier handled applied to floor wastewater

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