CN107029477A - Back pressure type filtration water clarifier - Google Patents

Back pressure type filtration water clarifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107029477A
CN107029477A CN201710349898.7A CN201710349898A CN107029477A CN 107029477 A CN107029477 A CN 107029477A CN 201710349898 A CN201710349898 A CN 201710349898A CN 107029477 A CN107029477 A CN 107029477A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
sedimentation basin
plash
filtering
sewage
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710349898.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄光瑜
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Nanping Permitted Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanping Permitted Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Nanping Permitted Hi Tech Development Co Ltd filed Critical Nanping Permitted Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710349898.7A priority Critical patent/CN107029477A/en
Publication of CN107029477A publication Critical patent/CN107029477A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/04Combinations of filters with settling tanks

Abstract

A kind of back pressure type filtration water clarifier(Such as Figure of abstract), it is by sewage plash(1), sedimentation basin(2), filtering ponds(3), clear water plash(4)Four pond compositions.Wastewater collection is incorporated into sewage plash, sedimentation basin is set to remain that full pond, sewage will precipitate some dirts after being stayed for some time in sedimentation basin stagnant in injection sedimentation basin in real time again, the water in sedimentation basin can pass through filtering ponds simultaneously, and the bottom from filtering ponds is through filtering material(9)Permeate up, and in top accumulation, the clear water of accumulation is from mozzle(10)It is incorporated into plash and saves stand-by.The present invention also includes a set of electronic automatic control system, makes in the case of unmanned intervene, and automatically controls rinse that filtering material in the alluvial precipitated in sedimentation basin and filtering ponds adsorbed dirty stagnant.The present invention can conveniently realize the secondary utilization of household tap water, to reach water-saving purpose;Process for purifying water is simple, and preferably, equipment is non-maintaining, is particularly useful for nuclear family and installs and uses for the water quality after purification.

Description

Back pressure type filtration water clarifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to the secondary utilization aspect of the field of purification of water, especially household tap water.
Background technology
For saving water resource, many people will recognize that the secondary utilization of water, such as:Family can laundry water, vegetable washing water, Bathing washing water etc. collects the flushing water as lavatory.Such waste water reuse no doubt can be with, but has a problem that It is that the effluent storage collected gets up to have peculiar smell, the black perception of water is very poor, allows people to feel sick.Therefore some simple purifications should be done, with gram The sense of the such discomfort of clothes.
Purification of water quality fairly simple at present is typically all using precipitation and overanxious method.Precipitation will have sedimentation basin, filter There are filtering ponds, so doing occupation of land can be very big, it is clear that unsuitable family uses.If purchasing the purifier of specialty, flower Fei great, is intended merely to use of flushing the toilet, and thinks that flower does not come again.Regardless of water purification mode, maintenance is also one big problem, and it is fixed to seek to Phase desilting and cleaning filtering material(Or change filtering material), this is done can be pretty troublesome, and common people are unwilling to do.Cause This seldom family can enter the secondary utilization of water-filling.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention uses the overanxious water purification mode of back pressure type, can be by sedimentation basin, filtering ponds and product Pond Combination Design minimizes water purifier in a casing, and mixes electronic automatic control device, can accomplish manpower-free The regular maintenances such as cleaning, desilting, are especially suitable for set house type family and use.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:(As shown in Figure 1)A kind of back pressure type filters water purification Device, by sewage plash(1), sedimentation basin(2), filtering ponds(3), clear water plash(4)Four pond compositions, four ponds are by three Cylinder water receptacle is combined, three cylinder layer overlaps, and internal layer is filtering ponds(3), middle level is sedimentation basin(2), outside Layer is sewage plash(1)With clear water plash(4)Respectively account for the space of half, internal layer and middle level are in inscribe circle best-fit, middle level and Outer layer is in concentric arrays(As shown in Figure 2);Three layers suitable for reading flushes, outer layer and the same bottom of sedimentation basin, and tapered, is in most interior The filtering ponds of layer are more shallow than sedimentation basin, and bottom is to be flat, and in sieve-like, and the water in sedimentation basin can be passed through from mesh;Described sewage Plash(1)Sewage by sewage collecting pipeline(5)Introduce, sewage collects storage herein, and excessive water can be from anti-overflow pipe (19)It is directly discharged into blow-off pipe(15)In, to prevent cesspool from overflowing;Described sedimentation basin(2)Water be by cesspool(1)In There is provided, two ponds are by feed pipe(18)Connection, water is by a small water pump(17)It is pumped into, filling has one in sedimentation basin, sedimentation basin Level sensor(16), in electronic controller(6)Control under sensed water level decline situation, start small water once water level decreasing Pumping water, which is given, to be supplemented, and to allow sedimentation basin to remain full-water level state, the bottom cone connection blow-off pipe of sedimentation basin(15), row One motor-driven valve is installed at dirty tube inlet(14), motor-driven valve connection electronic controller(6), electronic controller can be with timing controlled electricity The opening of dynamic valve and closing;Described filtering ponds(3)Built with filtering material, filtering material can have multilayer, and top leaves one Fixed space allows water to ooze out from here, and accumulates, and the clear water of accumulation passes through mozzle(10)Guide to clear water plash(4)In;Institute The clear water plash stated(4)Savings clear water is used, and clear water is from mozzle(10)Introduce, the outlet conduit from bottom(12)Draw Go out, through booster pump(13)Supercharging after provide and use, and pass through water return pipeline(11)Draw the top for arriving filtering ponds all the way, for rinsing Filtering ponds are used, and the road is provided with a magnetic valve(8), magnetic valve connection electronic controller(6), can electronic controller control Under flushed filter tank.
Back pressure type filtration water clarifier also includes a set of electronic automatic control system, and system is by electronic controller(6), ultrasonic wave Generator(7), magnetic valve(8), booster pump(13), motor-driven valve(14), level sensor(16), small water pump(17)Etc. parts group Into;Described electronic controller(6)Preset to supersonic generator(7), magnetic valve(8), booster pump(13), motor-driven valve(14) Control instruction, regularly to rinse alluvial in sedimentation basin and that filtering material is adsorbed is dirty stagnant, and can be according to level sensor (16)The signal provided opens small water pump in real time(17)Come to sedimentation basin(2)Carry out moisturizing.
Water purifying principle:By wastewater collection in room, from sewage collecting pipeline(5)It is incorporated into sewage plash(1)In, then in real time Inject sedimentation basin(2)In, sedimentation basin is filled water all the time, keep full water state, sewage stops the regular hour just in sedimentation basin Precipitation can be produced.Storing the water of full sedimentation basin has pressure inside it, and in the presence of pressure, water can pass through filtering ponds(3)'s Bottom press-in is oozed out by filtering material from top, and this is just called back pressure type filtering(Common filter method is to allow water from upper Filtered by filtering material downwards).Because sewage is precipitated through first of sedimentation basin, again by the mistake of second filtering ponds Filter, thus the water oozed out is just changed into clear water.Clear water passes through mozzle(10)It is incorporated into clear water plash(4)In, save and wait to make With.
Automatically cleaning principle:After waste water is precipitated through a period of time, sedimentation basin bottom just has alluvial, and filtering material can also be adsorbed Certain is dirty stagnant, is at this time accomplished by cleaning.Automatic cleaning is by an electronic controller(6)Completion is automatically controlled, A time is set in controller(Such as five days), just allow motor-driven valve(14)Open, sedimentation basin(2)In water just naturally row Go out, be tapered in due to the bottom of sedimentation basin, surface is again smooth, thus drift is easy to be rushed out and, and is discharged into sewage conduct In.After the water in sedimentation basin is emptied, electronic controller controls to open magnetic valve again(8), booster pump(13)Occur with ultrasonic wave Device(7), start to filtering ponds(3)It is rinsed, what filtering material was adsorbed in the presence of ultrasonic wave dirty stagnant is easy to be rinsed Totally, water under gravity, trickling downwards, and take away dirty stagnant in filtering material, filtering material is cleaned.Cleaning is certain Time(Such as 5 minutes)Afterwards, electronic controller just controls magnetic valve(8), motor-driven valve(14), booster pump(13)Occur with ultrasonic wave Device(7)Close, allow water purifier to be again introduced into retaining filtration condition, at regular intervals with regard to carrying out automatically cleaning once, so circulation Repeatedly.Water purification and cleaning are accomplished without any letup, and whole process is automatically performed under the control of electronic controller, it is not necessary to artificial Intervention, thus be non-maintaining.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The secondary utilization of household tap water can be conveniently realized, water-saving mesh is reached 's;Each pond makes volume diminish by optimum organization, and process for purifying water is simple, and the water quality after purification is preferable, free from extraneous odour, and peace and quiet, Perception is good, and equipment is non-maintaining, is particularly useful for nuclear family;Water after purification can be used for the flushing water of toilet in family, or wipe Floor, water flowers.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the profile of back pressure type filtration water clarifier:
Mark:1 is sewage plash;2 be sedimentation basin;3 be filtering ponds;4 be clear water plash;5 be sewage collecting pipeline;6 are Electronic controller;7 be supersonic generator;8 be magnetic valve;9 be filtering material;10 be mozzle;11 be water return pipeline;12 are Outlet conduit;13 be booster pump;14 be motor-driven valve;15 be blow-off pipe;16 be level sensor;17 be small water pump;18 be to supply water Pipe;19 be anti-overflow pipe;.
Fig. 2 is the top view of back pressure type filtration water clarifier:
Mark:1 is sewage plash;2 sedimentation basins;3 be filtering ponds;4 be clear water plash.Top view shows sewage ponding Pond, sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, the arrangement position relation of clear water plash, i.e.,:Layer overlaps, internal layer and middle level are in inscribe circle best-fit, Middle level and outer layer are in concentric arrays, and outer layer is equally divided into sewage plash and clear water ponding two parts.
Embodiment
Water purifier as shown in Figure 1 is installed in the appropriate location in house.Wastewater collection in family in addition to lavatory is introduced Stored in sewage plash(It is contemplated that the oily water in kitchen also should not), the sewage in sewage plash supplements to precipitation in real time Pond, makes sedimentation basin remain full-water level state, and sewage plash has been cushioning effect, and sedimentation basin is precipitating. Because sedimentation basin protects full-water level state of waiing upon all the time, thus upper water more clear in pond can the bottom through filtering ponds be counter is pressed into filtering The top in pond, filtered water can be accumulated in overhead, be then incorporated into clear water plash and saved.The water of savings is direct It is connected in toilet seat, so flushes the toilet just without running water, but utilize the waste water after purification, thus greatly Water resource is saved.A tap can also be installed in clear water plash additional, thus can be the water after purification to facilitate water intaking For other side, such as:Wash the floor, water flowers, doing to give birth to and defend, more improving the utilization rate of water.
We can formulate the water tank size of water purifier according to the water consumption of family, and filtering ponds are designed to activity Form, enable is easily released, so good that filtering material is changed(During if necessary to change).Filtering material can basis The water quality requirement of purification is selected.If less demanding, it is used only to what is flushed the toilet, as long as doing filtering material with sandstone .Sandstone filtering material can divide three layers, respectively microlith, fine sand, rubble.Microlith mainly plays sewage and fine sand in bottom Buffer action, prevent fine sand from being spilt from mesh, while also there is filter sewage;Middle level is fine sand, to select permeable good , the fine sand of cleaning, its effect is exactly filter sewage, and husky thickness is more better thicker than filter relatively fruit;Upper strata repaves one layer of rubble, The effect of this layer of rubble, which is mainly, to be prevented from breaking up fine sand when filtering ponds are rinsed.If water quality requirement is high, so that it may select The Water filter material of specialty, such as, in rural households, to purifying again for drinking public water supply(Because village tap water is mostly Directly attracted from mountain stream, not by the purified treatment of running water, or purify it is not thorough, particularly the rainy day when), so that it may select With activated carbon or quartz sand etc..

Claims (2)

1. a kind of back pressure type filtration water clarifier, it is characterized in that:(As shown in Figure 1)By sewage plash (1), sedimentation basin(2), filtering Pond(3), clear water plash(4)Four pond compositions, four ponds are combined by three cylinder water receptacles, three cylinders Layer overlaps, internal layer is filtering ponds(3), middle level is sedimentation basin(2), outer layer is sewage plash(1)With clear water plash(4)Respectively The space of half is accounted for, internal layer and middle level are in inscribe circle best-fit, and middle level and outer layer are in concentric arrays(As shown in Figure 2);Three layers Suitable for reading is to flush, outer layer and the same bottom of sedimentation basin, and tapered, and the filtering ponds of internal layer are more shallow than sedimentation basin, and bottom is flat, and in sieve Water in shape, sedimentation basin can be passed through from mesh;
Described sewage plash(1)Sewage by sewage collecting pipeline(5)Introduce, sewage collects storage herein, excessive Water can be from anti-overflow pipe(19)It is directly discharged into blow-off pipe(15)In, to prevent cesspool from overflowing;
Described sedimentation basin(2)Water be by cesspool(1)Middle offer, two ponds are by feed pipe(18)Connection, water is small by one Water pump(17)It is pumped into, filling has a level sensor in sedimentation basin, sedimentation basin(16), in electronic controller(6)Control under Sensed water level declines situation, starts small pumping for water pump once water level decreasing and gives and supplement, to allow sedimentation basin to remain full water Position state, the bottom cone connection blow-off pipe of sedimentation basin(15), a motor-driven valve is installed in blow-off pipe porch(14), motor-driven valve connection Connect electronic controller(6), electronic controller can be with the opening of timing controlled motor-driven valve and closing;
Described filtering ponds(3)Built with filtering material, filtering material can have a multilayer, top leave certain space allow water from Here ooze out, and accumulate, the clear water of accumulation passes through mozzle(10)Guide to clear water plash(4)In;
Described clear water plash(4)Savings clear water is used, and clear water is from mozzle(10)Introduce, the outlet conduit from bottom (12)Draw, through booster pump(13)Supercharging after provide and use, and pass through water return pipeline(11)Draw the top for arriving filtering ponds all the way, For flushed filter tank, the road is provided with a magnetic valve(8), magnetic valve connection electronic controller(6), can be in electronic controller Control under flushed filter tank.
2. back pressure type filtration water clarifier according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Also include a set of Electric automatic control system System, system is by electronic controller(6), supersonic generator(7), magnetic valve(8), booster pump(13), motor-driven valve(14), water level pass Sensor(16), small water pump(17)Deng part composition;Described electronic controller(6)Preset to supersonic generator(7), electromagnetism Valve(8), booster pump(13), motor-driven valve(14)Control instruction, inhaled with regularly rinsing alluvial in sedimentation basin and filtering material Attached is dirty stagnant, and can be according to level sensor(16)The signal provided opens small water pump in real time(17)Come to sedimentation basin(2)Enter Row moisturizing.
CN201710349898.7A 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Back pressure type filtration water clarifier Pending CN107029477A (en)

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CN201710349898.7A CN107029477A (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Back pressure type filtration water clarifier

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109011832A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-18 王凯丽 A kind of sewage purification filter device for rural household
CN111617523A (en) * 2020-06-07 2020-09-04 白岚 Self-cleaning equipment for treating and filtering mud and sand in water

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030173304A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2003-09-18 David Joslin Christopher Michael Fluid treatment apparatus
CN202516410U (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-11-07 江苏仙融环境技术有限公司 Precipitation and filtering compounding tank
CN104607486A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-13 苏闽(张家港)新型金属材料科技有限公司 Circulating lubricating system with automatic cleaning function
CN205627333U (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-10-12 中国石油大学(华东) Sewage filter
CN205965268U (en) * 2016-07-27 2017-02-22 浙江海洋大学 Aquaculture wastewater filtering device
CN206121286U (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-04-26 深圳市昌本科技有限公司 Take automatic backwash function's high pressure filter for water

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030173304A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2003-09-18 David Joslin Christopher Michael Fluid treatment apparatus
CN202516410U (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-11-07 江苏仙融环境技术有限公司 Precipitation and filtering compounding tank
CN104607486A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-13 苏闽(张家港)新型金属材料科技有限公司 Circulating lubricating system with automatic cleaning function
CN205627333U (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-10-12 中国石油大学(华东) Sewage filter
CN205965268U (en) * 2016-07-27 2017-02-22 浙江海洋大学 Aquaculture wastewater filtering device
CN206121286U (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-04-26 深圳市昌本科技有限公司 Take automatic backwash function's high pressure filter for water

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109011832A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-18 王凯丽 A kind of sewage purification filter device for rural household
CN111617523A (en) * 2020-06-07 2020-09-04 白岚 Self-cleaning equipment for treating and filtering mud and sand in water

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Application publication date: 20170811