CN102897274A - Mechanical brake energy regeneration bicycle - Google Patents

Mechanical brake energy regeneration bicycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102897274A
CN102897274A CN2012104087359A CN201210408735A CN102897274A CN 102897274 A CN102897274 A CN 102897274A CN 2012104087359 A CN2012104087359 A CN 2012104087359A CN 201210408735 A CN201210408735 A CN 201210408735A CN 102897274 A CN102897274 A CN 102897274A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bicycle
energy
camshaft
gear
castellated shaft
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CN2012104087359A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102897274B (en
Inventor
马明旭
霍晓佩
刘公雨
谢中淮
陈述平
王志宝
卢海超
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东北大学
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Priority to CN 201210408735 priority Critical patent/CN102897274B/en
Publication of CN102897274A publication Critical patent/CN102897274A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102897274B publication Critical patent/CN102897274B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a mechanical brake energy regeneration bicycle. A transmission mechanism is connected with a rear axle of the bicycle via a first chain wheel and a first overriding chain wheel and is connected with a spring energy accumulator through the engagement of a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear with a third bevel gear; and a control mechanism comprises an energy storage type damper brake, a forward boosting brake and a backward assisting brake installed on a handlebar, and the brakes are respectively connected with corresponding cam draw bars in the transmission mechanism via brake cables. The bicycle regenerates brake energy in a mechanical way and releases the energy during starting or acceleration, and the purposes of energy saving and environmental protection are achieved. Four-stage transmission is adopted as input, symmetrical four-stage transmission is adopted as output, and the energy utilization efficiency is high; the mechanical control mechanism has simple structure, low cost and easiness in operation and conforms to the riding habit; the spring energy accumulator has light weight and small size and is used as a bicycle beam, and the appearance of the bicycle body is not changed; and the bicycle also has backward function.

Description

A kind of mechanical type braking energy reclaims bicycle
Technical field
The present invention relates to bicycle, particularly a kind of mechanical type braking energy that utilizes spring to make energy-storage travelling wave tube reclaims bicycle.
Background technology
At present, along with a large amount of exploitations of the mankind, the global energy resource provisioning is more and more nervous, and energy-conservation and environmental protection has become a subject matter of society.At present, Electrical Bicycle and ordinary people's force bike are mainly sold in bicycle market by China, and these two kinds of bicycles all are to brake by traditional friction braking mode, and drag is that heat energy loses in vain with a large amount of kinetic transformations frequently.For reclaiming this part brake energy, dual mode is arranged at present: a kind of is the electrical motor of Electrical Bicycle to be converted to by somewhat complex design such as circuit conversion can work as the dual purpose motor that electrical motor uses, also can work as the electrical generator use, is that electric energy reclaims with the drag Conversion of Energy; Another kind is that employing Purely mechanical energy storage equipment is that other forms of mechanical energy reclaims with the drag transformation of energy.The shortcoming of first method is electric motor structure and complex circuit designs, and the battery price is high, consume is large, the life-span is short, and capacity usage ratio is low, and has pollution.And second method is simple, and the drag energy is stored with high efficiency energy storage equipment, discharges when bicycle starts or accelerate, and has greatly energy-conservation and environment protection significance, but simultaneously by physical construction optimization alleviator weight; The rational deployment energy storage equipment can make ordinary people's force bike elegant in appearance, improves traveling comfort by bike, thereby realizes the improvement of ordinary people's force bike.
According to reported in literature, existing people is to utilizing spring energy-storage studying at present.The ZL201020165328.6 patent discloses a kind of brake energy recovery ejection device, mainly with wind spring with the brake energy recycle in automobile; No. 2010202734569.2 disclosed mechanical energy-saving type semi-automatic bicycles of patent of ZL and application number are that the volute spiral spring energy accumulated assisted bicycle of 00107108.4 Patent Application Publication mainly is converted to mechanical force with clockwork spring with the inertia impulsive force of manpower and bicycle and is stored, when going up a slope or go against the wind, energy is discharged, to improve by bike traveling comfort, but it plays power-saving function, does not play the effect of reclaiming braking energy.The ZL200620066939.9 patent also discloses a kind of New mechanical energy storing device, utilizes torsion spring that the vehicle are carried out accumulation of energy, but does not relate to Electrical Bicycle and ordinary people's force bike recuperated energy when braking.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is defective and deficiency for above-mentioned prior art existence, provide a kind of mechanical type braking energy to reclaim bicycle.Utilize cylindroid helical-coil compression spring to do energy-storage travelling wave tube, the kinetic transformation during with bicycle brake is that spring potential energy stores, and avoids it to be converted into heat energy by friction mode and dissipates; When starting or accelerate, again this energy is discharged, reach energy-conservation and the labour-saving effect.
Mechanical type braking energy provided by the invention reclaims bicycle for achieving the above object, comprises front vehicle frame, rear vehicle frame, vehicle seat, pedal, hinge wheel, front wheel, bicycle rear, transmission device, stored energy mechanism and control mechanism; Wherein transmission device comprises that the first sprocket wheel, first that is fixedly mounted on the bicycle rear axle surmounts sprocket wheel, second and surmounts sprocket wheel and be installed in gear-driven assembly in the rear vehicle frame lower portion gear box; The spring type mechanical accumulator that described stored energy mechanism is to captive joint with front vehicle frame in the upper end, lower end and transmission device join; Described control mechanism comprise be installed on the front vehicle frame handlebar, and the energy-storage type damper brake, the power-assisted that the moves ahead lock that join by brake cable and transmission device respectively and retreat auxiliary lock.
Gear-driven assembly in the described gear case comprises the first castellated shaft, the second castellated shaft, the 3rd castellated shaft and the first camshaft, the second camshaft, the 3rd camshaft; The first sleeve is installed on the first castellated shaft, the second sleeve and the first gear are installed on the second castellated shaft, the jump ring that the first gear both sides are embedded on the second castellated shaft is fixed; The inboard axle head of the first castellated shaft has little optical axis, and cover has the first needle bearing it on, and is inserted in the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second castellated shaft and forms cooperation; The first castellated shaft and the second castellated shaft two ends are equipped with the first antifriction-bearing box and the second antifriction-bearing box, and are bearing on the gear case; The 3rd sleeve, quadruplet cylinder, the first finishing bevel gear cuter, the second finishing bevel gear cuter and the second gear are installed, the first finishing bevel gear cuter, the second finishing bevel gear cuter and the second gear axial restraint on the 3rd castellated shaft; The second gear and the engagement of the first gear; The 3rd castellated shaft two ends are equipped with the first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing, and are bearing on the gear case; The first shift fork is installed on the first camshaft, and the first shift fork forms with the first set cylinder and cooperates; The second shift fork is installed on the second camshaft, and the second shift fork forms with the second sleeve and cooperates; The inboard axle head of the first camshaft has little optical axis, and the second needle bearing is enclosed within on the little optical axis, and is inserted into to form in the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second camshaft and cooperates; The first camshaft and the second camshaft outside axle head are fixed with respectively the first cam linkages and the second cam linkages, and the first retracing spring and the second retracing spring one end are fixed on the gear case, and the other end is connected on the first cam linkages and the second cam linkages; The 3rd shift fork and the 4th shift fork are installed on the 3rd camshaft, and both cooperate with the 3rd sleeve and quadruplet cylinder respectively; The 3rd camshaft outside one end is fixed with the 3rd cam linkages, and the 3rd retracing spring one end is fixed on the gear case, and the other end is connected on the 3rd cam linkages.
Described spring type mechanical accumulator has the long tubular energy storage urceolus that captiveing joint with front vehicle frame in a upper end, captives joint with gear case in the lower end, in the energy storage urceolus, ball-screw is arranged, this ball-screw is connected with the third hand tap gear by key, and the third hand tap gear forms with described the first finishing bevel gear cuter and the second finishing bevel gear cuter and cooperates; The 3rd antifriction-bearing box and thrust baring are equipped with in the ball-screw two ends, and the 3rd antifriction-bearing box is positioned at the antifriction-bearing box seat board, and two sides of antifriction-bearing box seat board connect with energy storage urceolus and bearing cap shim by bolt respectively; The thrust baring seat board is bolted on the energy storage urceolus; Pressing plate is fixed on the screw, and cylindroid helical-coil compression spring is between pressing plate and antifriction-bearing box seat board, and bolt shank is equipped with in the pressing plate side, and bolt shank is bearing in the guide groove of energy storage urceolus barrel by miniature bearing.
The energy-storage type damper brake of described control mechanism connects with the first cam linkages on described the first camshaft by brake cable; The power-assisted that moves ahead lock connects with the 3rd cam linkages on the 3rd camshaft by brake cable, retreats auxiliary lock and connects with the second cam linkages on the second camshaft by brake cable.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, this mechanical type braking energy reclaims the bicycle input and adopts the level Four transmission, comprising the transmission of one-level chain, and two-stage gear transmission and the transmission of one-level screw-nut; Being output as symmetrical mechanism, is the level Four transmission also, and energy utilization efficiency is high.
2, control system adopts Purely mechanical, and simple in structure, cost is low, and long service life is pollution-free; Operation is simple, as long as press the energy-storage type damper brake, bicycle kinetic energy is stored as spring potential energy, realizes bicycle brake, presses the power-assisted lock that moves ahead, and spring potential energy is converted into bicycle kinetic energy, realizes starting or accelerating, and mode meets the bicycle riding custom.
3, spring type mechanical accumulator is lightweight, and volume is little, can utilize the profile characteristics of its energy storage urceolus along the body layout of bicycle or battery-driven car, and it as the car beam, is not changed the profile of car body.
4, bicycle of the present invention has fallback function.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the integral structure block diagram that mechanical type braking energy of the present invention reclaims bicycle;
Fig. 2 is the back view of bicycle rear among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is energy storage urceolus and the interconnective block diagram of gear case among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of Fig. 3 middle gear case;
Fig. 5 is that Fig. 4 clockwise rotates 90 degree views;
Fig. 6 is the assembly block diagram that cooperates with the first castellated shaft and the second castellated shaft among Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the assembly block diagram that cooperates with the 3rd castellated shaft among Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is the longitudinal sectional view of spring type mechanical accumulator.
Among the figure: 1-bicycle rear, 2-bicycle rear axle, 3-the first sprocket wheel, 4-first surmounts sprocket wheel, 5-the second sprocket wheel, 6-the 3rd sprocket wheel, 7-the first castellated shaft, 8-the second castellated shaft, 9-the first gear, 10-the first sleeve, 11-the second sleeve, 12-the first antifriction-bearing box, 13-the second antifriction-bearing box, 14-the first needle bearing, 15-the second gear, 16-the first finishing bevel gear cuter, 17-the second finishing bevel gear cuter, 18-the 3rd sleeve, 19-quadruplet cylinder, 20-the first unilateral bearing, 21-the second unilateral bearing, 22-the 3rd castellated shaft, 23-the first camshaft, 24-the second camshaft, 25-the first shift fork, 26-the second shift fork, 27-the second needle bearing, 28-the first cam linkages, 29-the second cam linkages, 30-the first retracing spring, 31-the second retracing spring, 32-the 3rd camshaft, 33-the 3rd shift fork, 34-the 4th shift fork, 35-the 3rd cam linkages, 36-the 3rd retracing spring, the 37-gear case, 38-second surmounts sprocket wheel, the 39-hinge wheel, 40-third hand tap gear, 41-ball-screw, 42-bearing cap shim, 43-the 3rd antifriction-bearing box, 44-antifriction-bearing box seat board, 45-energy storage urceolus, 46-cylindroid helical-coil compression spring, the 47-screw, the 48-pressing plate, 49-bolt shank, 50-miniature bearing, the 51-thrust baring, 52-thrust baring seat board, 53-butt flange, 54-front vehicle frame, 55-energy-storage type damper brake, the 56-power-assisted lock that moves ahead, 57-retreats auxiliary lock, vehicle frame behind the 58-.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Mechanical type braking energy of the present invention reclaims bicycle integral body as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, front vehicle frame 54 is arranged, rear vehicle frame 58, vehicle seat, front wheel, bicycle rear 1, pedal, hinge wheel 39; Its transmission device comprise the first sprocket wheel 3, first that is fixedly mounted on the bicycle rear axle 2 surmount sprocket wheel 4, second and surmount sprocket wheel 38 and be installed in bicycle after gear-driven assembly in vehicle frame 58 lower portion gear boxes 37; Its stored energy mechanism is made of the spring type mechanical accumulator that is installed in the module composition in the energy storage urceolus 45, and captiveing joint with front vehicle frame 54 in energy storage urceolus upper end, captives joint with gear case in the lower end; Its control mechanism comprises the energy-storage type damper brake 55 that is installed in front vehicle frame 54 handlebar both sides, the power-assisted that moves ahead lock 56 and retreats auxiliary lock 57.
In conjunction with Fig. 4 and Fig. 6, the first sprocket wheel 3 and first in the transmission device surmounts sprocket wheel 4 and is fixed on the bicycle rear axle 2, the first sprocket wheel 3 connects with the second sprocket wheel 5 by chain, first surmounts sprocket wheel 4 connects with the 3rd sprocket wheel 6 by chain, the second sprocket wheel 5 is fixed on the first castellated shaft 7, the 3rd sprocket wheel 6 is fixed on the second castellated shaft 8, the first castellated shaft 7 inboard axle heads have little optical axis (not shown), the second castellated shaft 8 inboard axle heads have the endoporus (not shown), cover has the first needle bearing 14 on the little optical axis of the first castellated shaft 7 inboard axle heads, and cooperate with the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second castellated shaft, the first gear 9 empty sets can relatively rotate with the second castellated shaft 8 on the second castellated shaft 8.The first gear 9 both sides have the jump ring (not shown) spacing, axially can not move.The first gear 9 both sides end faces have end face pawl hole (not shown), and the first sleeve 10 has the female splines (not shown), and cooperate with the first castellated shaft 7, can endwisely slip along the first castellated shaft 7; The second sleeve 11 has the female splines (not shown), and cooperates with the second castellated shaft 8, can endwisely slip along the second castellated shaft 8; The first sleeve 10 and the second sleeve 11 inner side ends have end face pusher dog (not shown), and the first sleeve 10 and the second sleeve 11 move the aft end face pusher dog and can be inserted in the end face pawl hole on the first gear 9.The both sides of the first castellated shaft 7 and the second castellated shaft 8 are equipped with the first antifriction-bearing box 12 and the second antifriction-bearing box 13, and are bearing on the gear case 37.
In conjunction with Fig. 7, transmission device has the 3rd castellated shaft 22, the three castellated shafts 22 both sides to be bearing on the gear case 37 by the first unilateral bearing 20 and the second unilateral bearing 21.The second gear 15 has the female splines (not shown), and cooperates with the 3rd castellated shaft 22, the second gear 15 axial restraints, and axial and circumferential all can not move; The first finishing bevel gear cuter 16 and the second finishing bevel gear cuter 17 are enclosed within on the 3rd castellated shaft 22, can relatively rotate with the 3rd castellated shaft 22; The first finishing bevel gear cuter 16 and the second finishing bevel gear cuter 17 axial restraints axially can not move; The outside end face of the first finishing bevel gear cuter 16 and the second finishing bevel gear cuter 17 has end face pawl hole (not shown); The 3rd sleeve 18 and quadruplet cylinder 19 have female splines, and cooperate with the 3rd castellated shaft 22; The 3rd sleeve 18 and quadruplet cylinder 19 can move axially along the 3rd castellated shaft 22; The inner side end of the 3rd sleeve 18 and quadruplet cylinder 19 has end face pusher dog (not shown), and the 3rd sleeve 18 moves the aft end face pusher dog and can be inserted in the end face pawl hole on the first finishing bevel gear cuter 16 outside end faces; Quadruplet cylinder 19 moves the aft end face pusher dog and can be inserted in the end face pawl hole on the second finishing bevel gear cuter 17 outside end faces.
In conjunction with Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the first shift fork 25 in the transmission device is installed on the first camshaft 23, and rotates and sway with the first camshaft 23; The first sleeve 10 cooperates with the first shift fork 25, and moves with the first shift fork 25 sway; The second shift fork 26 is installed on the second camshaft 24, and rotates and sway with the second camshaft 24; The second sleeve 11 cooperates with the second shift fork 26, and moves with the second shift fork 26 sway; The inboard axle head of the first camshaft has little optical axis, and the second needle bearing (27) is enclosed within on the little optical axis, and is inserted into to form in the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second camshaft and cooperates; The outer end of the first camshaft 23 and the second camshaft 24 is fixed with the first cam linkages 28 and the second cam linkages 29, the first retracing springs 30 1 ends are fixed on the gear case 37, and the other end is fixed in the first cam linkages 28 ends; The second retracing spring 31 1 ends are fixed on the gear case 37, and the other end is fixed in the second cam linkages 29 ends; The 3rd shift fork 33 and the 4th shift fork 34 are installed on the 3rd camshaft 32, and rotate and move in order with the 3rd camshaft 32; The 3rd sleeve 18 and quadruplet cylinder 19 cooperate with the 3rd shift fork 33 and the 4th shift fork 34 respectively, and move with the mobile and corresponding of the 3rd shift fork 33 and the 4th shift fork 34; The outer end of the 3rd camshaft 32 is fixed with the 3rd cam linkages 35, the three retracing springs 36 1 ends and is fixed on the gear case 37, and the other end is fixed in the 3rd cam linkages 35 ends.
As shown in Figure 3, third hand tap gear 40 and the first finishing bevel gear cuter 16 and the engagement of the second finishing bevel gear cuter 17, and be connected with ball-screw 41 lower ends of spring type mechanical accumulator by key, thereby being connected of realization spring type mechanical accumulator and transmission device.
As shown in Figure 8, by the 3rd antifriction-bearing box 43 and thrust baring 51 supportings, the 3rd antifriction-bearing box 43 is installed on the antifriction-bearing box seat board 44 respectively in ball-screw 41 both sides, and the bearing cap shim 42 in its outside is fixed on the antifriction-bearing box seat board 44 by Bolt Connection; Thrust baring 51 is installed on the thrust baring seat board 52, and thrust baring seat board 52 and antifriction-bearing box seat board 44 are fixed on energy storage urceolus 45 both sides by Bolt Connection; Axially have chute on the energy storage urceolus 45, miniature bearing 50 inner rings are enclosed within on the bolt shank 49, and its outer ring contacts with chute on the energy storage urceolus 45; Bolt shank 49 is screwed in the pressing plate 48, and pressing plate 48 is fixed on the screw 47 by Bolt Connection; Cylindroid helical-coil compression spring 46 is enclosed within on the ball-screw 41, and between pressing plate 48 and antifriction-bearing box seat board 44; Thrust baring seat board 52 outsides are equipped with butt flange 53 by bolt, and butt flange 53 connects with bicycle side arm 54 by bolt.
The energy-storage type damper brake 55 of control mechanism connects with the first cam linkages 28 on the first camshaft 23 by the brake cable (not shown) among Fig. 1, the power-assisted that moves ahead lock 56 connects with the 3rd cam linkages 35 on the 3rd camshaft 32 by the brake cable (not shown), retreats to assist lock 57 to pass through the brake cable (not shown) to connect with the second cam linkages 29 on the second camshaft 24.
The operating principle of above-mentioned mechanical energy recovery bicycle is as follows:
1, bicycle freely travels: the first sleeve keeps separating with the first gear under this state, and the second sleeve and the first gear keep engagement; The 3rd sleeve and the first finishing bevel gear cuter keep engagement, and the quadruplet cylinder keeps separating with the second finishing bevel gear cuter; The bicycle pedal rotates hinge wheel, and hinge wheel surmounts sprocket rotation by chain-driving second, drives the bicycle rear axle forward rotation, realizes bicycle rear to overtake; First surmounts the static and inner ring in outer ring, sprocket wheel place with the bicycle rear axle forward rotation, and generation surmounts, and can dynamicly not export; Bicycle rear axle drives the first sprocket wheel forward rotation, and by the chain transmission, drive the second sprocket wheel and the first castellated shaft forward rotation, because the first sleeve and the first gear are released state, the first sleeve is the first gear and the second castellated shaft maintenance quiescence with the first castellated shaft forward rotation.
2, energy take-back model brake: manually press the energy-storage type damper brake, spurring the first cam linkages by brake cable turns an angle the first camshaft, make the first shift fork mobile inwards, and it is mobile inwards along the first castellated shaft to drive the first sleeve, realizes the engagement of the first sleeve and the first gear; At this moment, bicycle rear axle drives the first sprocket wheel forward rotation, drive the second sprocket wheel and the first castellated shaft forward rotation by the chain transmission, the first castellated shaft will move by the first sleeve, the first gear, the second gear and transmission of power makes its backward rotation to the 3rd castellated shaft; Because to surmount between sprocket wheel and the 3rd sprocket wheel transmitting ratio identical for transmitting ratio and first between the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, therefore first surmount the sprocket wheel place and can not interfere; The 3rd castellated shaft by the 3rd sleeve, the first finishing bevel gear cuter and the third hand tap gear will move and transmission of power to ball-screw, make its forward rotation, ball-screw drive screw forward moves and compresses cylindroid helical-coil compression spring by pressing plate, realizes the storage of brake kinetic energy.
3, stop brake: unclamp the energy-storage type damper brake, the first retracing spring spurs the first cam linkages, makes the first camshaft counter-rotating meeting original state, and it is outwards mobile that the first shift fork drives the first sleeve, realize that first set separates with the first gear, bicycle is got back to again free enforcement state; Cylindroid helical-coil compression spring after the compression is given the power of the 3rd castellated shaft forward rotation by screw, ball-screw, third hand tap gear, the first finishing bevel gear cuter and the first sleeve effect, but under the first unilateral bearing and the constraint of the second unilateral bearing, the 3rd castellated shaft can only backward rotation and can not forward rotation, thereby the cylindroid helical-coil compression spring after the compression is lockable.
4, the energy-storage system assistant mode moves ahead: when starting bicycle or acceleration, press the power-assisted lock that moves ahead, spur the 3rd cam linkages by brake cable, the 3rd camshaft is turned an angle, the 3rd shift fork and the 4th shift fork that are installed on the 3rd camshaft occur mobile in order: at first, the 4th shift fork is mobile inwards, drives the quadruplet cylinder mobile inwards along the 3rd castellated shaft, realizes the engagement of quadruplet cylinder and the second finishing bevel gear cuter; Secondly, the 3rd shift fork is outwards mobile, drives the 3rd sleeve outwards mobile along the 3rd castellated shaft, realizes that the 3rd sleeve separates with the first finishing bevel gear cuter.At this moment, the cylindroid helical-coil compression spring that compresses drives the 3rd castellated shaft backward rotation by screw, ball-screw, third hand tap gear, the second finishing bevel gear cuter and quadruplet cylinder, the 3rd castellated shaft will move by the second gear, the first gear and the second sleeve and transmission of power is given the second castellated shaft, make its forward rotation; The second castellated shaft drives the 3rd sprocket wheel, and surmounts sprocket wheel by chain transmission drive first, makes the bicycle rear axle forward rotation, realizes that bicycle accelerates to advance.
5, stop assistant mode: unclamp the power-assisted lock that moves ahead, the 3rd retracing spring spurs the 3rd cam linkages, make the 3rd camshaft counter-rotating meeting original state, the 3rd shift fork and the 4th shift fork occur mobile in order: at first, the 3rd shift fork is mobile inwards, drive the 3rd sleeve mobile inwards along the 3rd castellated shaft, realize the engagement of the 3rd sleeve and the first finishing bevel gear cuter; Secondly, the 4th shift fork is outwards mobile, drives the quadruplet cylinder outwards mobile along the 3rd castellated shaft, realizes that the quadruplet cylinder separates with the second finishing bevel gear cuter.Bicycle is got back to free enforcement state.
6, bicycle retreats: bicycle need retreat under some occasion, press and retreat auxiliary lock this moment, spur the second cam linkages by brake cable, the second camshaft is turned an angle, make the second shift fork outwards mobile, and it is outwards mobile along the second castellated shaft to drive the second sleeve, realizes that the second sleeve separates with the first gear; At this moment, bicycle rear axle is backward rotation under bicycle rear drives, and drive simultaneously the first sprocket wheel and first and surmount the sprocket wheel backward rotation, make the second sprocket wheel and the 3rd sprocket wheel backward rotation by the chain transmission, and make the first castellated shaft and the second castellated shaft backward rotation, and the first gear remains static, therefore bicycle can be realized retreating, and can not exert an influence to spring type mechanical accumulator.Unclamp retreat auxiliary lock after, under the second action of reset spring, bicycle is got back to again free motoring condition.

Claims (4)

1. a mechanical type braking energy reclaims bicycle, comprises front vehicle frame (54), rear vehicle frame (58), vehicle seat, pedal, hinge wheel (39), front wheel, bicycle rear (1), transmission device, stored energy mechanism and control mechanism; It is characterized in that: described transmission device comprises that the first sprocket wheel (3), first that is fixedly mounted on the bicycle rear axle surmounts sprocket wheel (4), second and surmounts sprocket wheel (38) and be installed in gear-driven assembly in the rear vehicle frame lower portion gear box (37); The spring type mechanical accumulator that described stored energy mechanism is to captive joint with front vehicle frame in the upper end, lower end and transmission device join; Described control mechanism comprise be installed on front vehicle frame (54) handlebar, and the energy-storage type damper brake (55), the power-assisted that the moves ahead lock (56) that join by brake cable and transmission device respectively and retreat auxiliary lock (57).
2. mechanical type braking energy according to claim 1 reclaims bicycle, it is characterized in that: the gear-driven assembly in the described gear case comprises the first castellated shaft (7), the second castellated shaft (8), the 3rd castellated shaft (22) and the first camshaft (23), the second camshaft (24), the 3rd camshaft (32); The first sleeve (10) is installed on the first castellated shaft, the second sleeve (11) and the first gear (9) are installed on the second castellated shaft, the jump ring that the first gear both sides are embedded on the second castellated shaft is fixed; The inboard axle head of the first castellated shaft has little optical axis, and cover has the first needle bearing (14) it on, and is inserted in the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second castellated shaft and forms cooperation; The first castellated shaft and the second castellated shaft two ends are equipped with the first antifriction-bearing box (12) and the second antifriction-bearing box (13), and are bearing on the gear case (37); The 3rd sleeve (18), quadruplet cylinder (19), the first finishing bevel gear cuter (16), the second finishing bevel gear cuter (17) and the second gear (15) are installed, the first finishing bevel gear cuter, the second finishing bevel gear cuter and the second gear axial restraint on the 3rd castellated shaft; The second gear and the engagement of the first gear; The 3rd castellated shaft two ends are equipped with the first unilateral bearing (20) and the second unilateral bearing (21), and are bearing on the gear case; The first shift fork (25) is installed on the first camshaft (23), and the first shift fork forms with the first sleeve (10) and cooperates; The second shift fork (26) is installed on the second camshaft, and the second shift fork forms with the second sleeve (11) and cooperates; The inboard axle head of the first camshaft has little optical axis, and the second needle bearing (27) is enclosed within on the little optical axis, and is inserted into to form in the endoporus of the inboard axle head of the second camshaft and cooperates; The first camshaft and the second camshaft outside axle head are fixed with respectively the first cam linkages (28) and the second cam linkages (29), the first retracing spring (30) and the second retracing spring (31) one ends are fixed on the gear case, and the other end is connected on the first cam linkages and the second cam linkages; The 3rd shift fork (33) and the 4th shift fork (34) are installed on the 3rd camshaft (32), and both cooperate with the 3rd sleeve (18) and quadruplet cylinder (19) respectively; The 3rd camshaft outside one end is fixed with the 3rd cam linkages (35), and the 3rd retracing spring (36) one ends are fixed on the gear case, and the other end is connected on the 3rd cam linkages.
3. mechanical type braking energy according to claim 2 reclaims bicycle, it is characterized in that: described spring type mechanical accumulator has the long tubular energy storage urceolus (45) that captiveing joint with front vehicle frame (54) in a upper end, captives joint with gear case (37) in the lower end, ball-screw (41) is arranged in the energy storage urceolus, this ball-screw is connected with third hand tap gear (40) by key, and the third hand tap gear forms with described the first finishing bevel gear cuter (16) and the second finishing bevel gear cuter (17) and cooperates; The 3rd antifriction-bearing box (43) and thrust baring (51) are equipped with in the ball-screw two ends, and the 3rd antifriction-bearing box is positioned at antifriction-bearing box seat board (44), and two sides of antifriction-bearing box seat board connect with energy storage urceolus (45) and bearing cap shim (42) by bolt respectively; Thrust baring seat board (52) is bolted on the energy storage urceolus; Pressing plate (48) is fixed on the screw (41), cylindroid helical-coil compression spring (45) is positioned between pressing plate and the antifriction-bearing box seat board (44), bolt shank (49) is equipped with in the pressing plate side, and bolt shank is bearing in the guide groove of energy storage urceolus barrel by miniature bearing (50).
4. mechanical type braking energy according to claim 2 reclaims bicycle, it is characterized in that: the energy-storage type damper brake (55) of described control mechanism connects with the first cam linkages (28) on described the first camshaft (23) by brake cable; The power-assisted that moves ahead lock (56) connects with the 3rd cam linkages (35) on the 3rd camshaft (32) by brake cable, retreats auxiliary lock (57) and connects with the second cam linkages (29) on the second camshaft (24) by brake cable.
CN 201210408735 2012-10-23 2012-10-23 Mechanical brake energy regeneration bicycle CN102897274B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104015860A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 东北大学 Energy-saving power-assisted mounting device for bicycle or electrombile
WO2017145174A1 (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-08-31 Athalye Ravi G Spring based regenerative braking system
CN108173391A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-06-15 奇瑞新能源汽车技术有限公司 A kind of mechanical oscillation-device for converting electric energy of integrated mechanical rectification mechanism
RU2693958C1 (en) * 2018-04-16 2019-07-08 Александр Сергеевич Гурулев Energy accumulator
CN109994980A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-09 谢中淮 Reverse damp type electromagnetism anti-dance device and its overhead transmission line
TWI668152B (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-08-11 拉維G 阿薩里 A system for geared bicycle with regenerative braking and reverse pedal energy storage and a modified rear hub thereof

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US6053830A (en) * 1997-08-20 2000-04-25 Glaeser; Robert C. Power-spring assist to pedals of bicycle
CN101885364A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-11-17 蔡福 Mechanical energy-saving type semi-automatic bicycle
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CN2117322U (en) * 1991-10-30 1992-09-30 高扬程 Bicycle energy accumulating strengthener
US6053830A (en) * 1997-08-20 2000-04-25 Glaeser; Robert C. Power-spring assist to pedals of bicycle
CN2302189Y (en) * 1997-09-15 1998-12-30 周勃 Energy-storing device for bicycle
KR20110021140A (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-04 노화준 Assistance power plant for bicycle
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104015860A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 东北大学 Energy-saving power-assisted mounting device for bicycle or electrombile
CN104015860B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-04-20 东北大学 A kind of energy-saving power-boost carry device for bicycle or battery-driven car
WO2017145174A1 (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-08-31 Athalye Ravi G Spring based regenerative braking system
CN108698571A (en) * 2016-02-22 2018-10-23 拉维·G·阿塔哈耶 Regeneration brake system based on spring
TWI668152B (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-08-11 拉維G 阿薩里 A system for geared bicycle with regenerative braking and reverse pedal energy storage and a modified rear hub thereof
CN108173391A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-06-15 奇瑞新能源汽车技术有限公司 A kind of mechanical oscillation-device for converting electric energy of integrated mechanical rectification mechanism
CN108173391B (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-07-26 奇瑞新能源汽车技术有限公司 A kind of mechanical oscillation-device for converting electric energy of integrated mechanical rectification mechanism
RU2693958C1 (en) * 2018-04-16 2019-07-08 Александр Сергеевич Гурулев Energy accumulator
CN109994980A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-09 谢中淮 Reverse damp type electromagnetism anti-dance device and its overhead transmission line
CN109994980B (en) * 2019-04-17 2020-10-13 刘奉海 Torsional damping type electromagnetic anti-galloping device and overhead transmission line thereof

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