CN102889584A - Biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner - Google Patents

Biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102889584A
CN102889584A CN2012103613056A CN201210361305A CN102889584A CN 102889584 A CN102889584 A CN 102889584A CN 2012103613056 A CN2012103613056 A CN 2012103613056A CN 201210361305 A CN201210361305 A CN 201210361305A CN 102889584 A CN102889584 A CN 102889584A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
burner
combustion chamber
powder
chamber
biomass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012103613056A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
常厚春
马革
张湘波
刘宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Devotion Thermal Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Devotion Thermal Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Devotion Thermal Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Devotion Thermal Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012103613056A priority Critical patent/CN102889584A/en
Publication of CN102889584A publication Critical patent/CN102889584A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner which comprises a furnace body consisting of a combustion chamber and a settling chamber which are communicated with each other. The bottom of the combustion chamber is provided with a fire grate; the settling chamber is provided with a smoke outlet pipe; and an inner cavity of the combustion chamber is of a cylinder shape and the wall body of the inner cavity is provided with at least two groups of feeding pipes for conveying different biomass fuels. A double-material simultaneous mixing and feeding function is implemented and a switching selection feeding function is also implemented.

Description

Biological particles and powder dual burner
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of combustion apparatus, specifically relate to the burner of two kinds of biomass fuels of a kind of incendivity.
Background technology
Along with the day by day minimizing of fossil and the known proved reserves of fossil energy, traditional energy is accelerating the edge towards exhaustion.In order actively to deal with at hand energy crisis, people have found the regenerative resource that substitutes, and biomass energy is a kind of exceedingly beautiful energy of renewable, reusable edible.Just because of this, the in recent years exploitation of biomass fuel, recycling, produce and to have received unprecedented concern.The agriculture and forestry organic waste material that the raw material of biomass fuel is mainly got; inexhaustible; by a series of deep processing; usually produce biological particles or powder; change into biomass energy after both are burnt respectively and provide alternative energy source for industry; not only solve the processing problem of agriculture and forestry organic waste material, also reduced CO 2With pernicious gas to airborne release.
At present, the combustion apparatus of biomass fuel, the fuel of the single variety that can only burn, perhaps burning biomass particle, perhaps biomass-burning powder, combustibility can not adapt to needs of production.
Summary of the invention
The problem that exists in order to solve prior art the invention provides also incendivity biomass powder of a kind of both incendivities biological particles, especially can two kinds fuel cooperate simultaneously the burner of burning.
In order to realize above purpose, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows: a kind of biological particles and powder dual burner, comprise the body of heater that the combustion chamber that is interconnected and expansion chamber form, the bottom, combustion chamber is provided with fire grate, expansion chamber offers pipe, the inner chamber of described combustion chamber is cylindrical shape, and its wall body is provided with at least two group feed pipes of carrying different biomass fuels.
Further, the wall body of described combustion chamber arranges the particulate charge pipe of carrying the biological particles charging and the powder feed pipe of carrying biomass powder.
Described particulate charge pipe tilts to insert in the wall body of combustion chamber from top to bottom.
Described powder feed pipe tangentially inserts in the wall body of combustion chamber.
Described combustion chamber arranges several wind pushing holes, and described expansion chamber is offered several wind distributing holes.
Described particulate charge pipe connects feeding screw.
Described powder feed pipe connects dispenser and blower fan.
Described pipe connects cyclone dust collectors.
Described body of heater is separated into combustion chamber and the expansion chamber of connection by partition wall, described partition wall is offered fenestra, and in fenestra the orifice plate with uniform through hole is installed, and 3/4~1/2 of described through hole circumference extends catch on every side.
The lower plane of described fenestra is designed to the inclined-plane.
Compared with prior art, owing to being provided with particulate charge pipe and powder feed pipe at the wall body of body of heater, realize extra quality while mixed feeding function, also realized switching the selection material feeding function.
Except above-mentioned main superior functionality, also have other characteristics:
1, quantitative feeding.Biological particles is by the feeding screw automatic transport, and conveying capacity can be regulated in real time according to the combustion case of burner hearth.
2, the flue gas quality is high.Exhanst gas outlet connects cyclone dust collectors, minute dust thoroughly can be removed, and has improved the clean level of flue gas.
3, Mars recycling.The fenestra of partition wall has been installed the scale type orifice plate, falls in the burner hearth behind the Mars bump orifice plate to burn away, and simultaneously, has stopped that also Mars enters expansion chamber.For non-combustible impurity, also stopped by orifice plate and can not enter expansion chamber.Orifice plate stops Mars and non-combustible impurity and can not enter expansion chamber, and the biomass ash that drops in expansion chamber does not contain Mars and non-combustible impurity, improves the purity of biomass ash, is conducive to recycle.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of burner.
Fig. 2 is that A-A is to profile.
Fig. 3 is the side view of orifice plate.
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.
Below, in conjunction with most preferred embodiment the present invention is further specifically described.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, burner of the present invention is comprised of body of heater 19, feeding screw 17, blower fan 18 and cyclone dust collectors 3.Body of heater 19 has been divided into combustion chamber 1 and expansion chamber 2 by partition wall 6, and combustion chamber 1 is used for firing biomass fuel (such as biological particles, biomass powder etc.), the large-volume particulate natural subsidence that expansion chamber 2 is used for flue gas.
The inner chamber of combustion chamber 1 is cylindrical shape, the wall body of combustion chamber 1 is plugged with particulate charge pipe 11 and powder feed pipe 13, in the actual production, can only adopt particulate charge also can only adopt the powder charging, reach the purpose of selecting different fuel, certainly, also can will mix rear feeding with powder by certain proportioning by particle.Particulate charge pipe 11 is positioned at the top of powder feed pipe 13.Particulate charge pipe 11 tilt from top to bottom 30 the degree be inserted in 1 wall body of combustion chamber, granular fuel is slipped into burner hearth along the inclination body, fall above the fire grate 14.Particulate charge pipe 11 connects feeding screw 17, and feeding screw 17 can not only be realized autofeed, also can realize quantitatively carrying particle, is conducive to planned production.Several wind pushing holes 10 are offered in combustion chamber 1, when being in the particle burning state, for burner hearth provides required air.Powder feed pipe 13 connecting fans 18, and dispenser 12 is set at entrance point under the blasting action of blower fan 18, are sent to the powder of dispenser 12 in the burner hearth.1 bottom, combustion chamber is as burner hearth, and burner hearth is provided with fire grate 14, and deashing passage 15 is offered in the grey chamber 16 of burner hearth bottom.In order to prevent that 1 temperature moment of combustion chamber from surpassing rated temperature and blast, 1 top, combustion chamber also is provided with explosion proof door 8.
The wall body of expansion chamber 2 is offered some wind distributing holes 5, is mainly deduster whirlwind pressure is provided, also in order to improve the natural subsidence ability.Expansion chamber 2 arranges an air outlet 4, and connects pipe at this air outlet 4, and pipe connects cyclone dust collectors 3, by with after the dust dedusting, clean biomass flue gas is transferred out for utilizing.
As shown in Figure 2, powder feed pipe 13 wall bodies and combustion chamber 1 inwall are tangent, and after carrying powder to enter combustion chamber 1 by blower fan 18, the self-forming whirlwind is dispersed in the flame powder, is easy to abundant burning.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, enter expansion chamber 2 in order to stop Mars, empty out a fenestra in partition wall 6 upper ends, and at this fenestra one orifice plate 7 is installed, orifice plate 7 offers some manholes.1/2 extension on every side of through hole arranges catch 20, and catch is falcate.The shiny surface of orifice plate (non-catch face) is towards the combustion chamber, and when flue gas passed through orifice plate 7, Mars clashed into catch and drops, and stopped that also the major diameter particle enters in the expansion chamber 2 simultaneously, and cleaner flue gas entered expansion chamber 2 by mesh.In order to cooperate the Mars that is blocked to fall in the burner hearth, the lower plane of fenestra is designed to inclined-plane 9(and is equivalent to partition wall 6 tops one clinoplain is set), Mars falls to herein, and gliding at action of gravitation drops down onto in the fire grate 14, the sustainable participation burning reaches recycling purpose.Because the temperature of combustion chamber 1 surpasses 150 degree, orifice plate 7 needs to adopt exotic material.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: at first, select wherein a kind of biomass fuel of particle or powder, or (particle is 8:2 than powder) mixes two kinds of fuel according to a certain ratio, by feeding screw or blower fan to the feed pipe transfer the fuel.After the internal combustion of combustion chamber, formed biomass flue gas, through orifice plate the time, flue gas is divided into the shallow bid smoke gas flow, Mars wherein and major diameter particle and catch collision, lose movement locus after being blocked, drop at Action of Gravity Field, the Mars that drops along the inclined-plane landing of partition wall to burner hearth in the sustainable participation burning, and the major diameter particle is prevented from entering expansion chamber, enter expansion chamber after making cleaner biomass flue gas by orifice plate, and then with charcoal ash natural subsidence, at this moment, pass into air by wind distributing hole, strengthen the natural subsidence effect, also provide whirlwind pressure for follow-up deduster.Biomass flue gas enters cyclone dust collectors, and the minute dust that will contain is removed, and finally exports clean biomass flue gas.

Claims (10)

1. a biological particles and powder dual burner, comprise the body of heater that the combustion chamber that is interconnected and expansion chamber form, the bottom, combustion chamber is provided with fire grate, expansion chamber offers pipe, it is characterized in that: the inner chamber of described combustion chamber is cylindrical shape, and its wall body is provided with at least two group feed pipes of carrying different biomass fuels.
2. burner according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the wall body of described combustion chamber arranges the particulate charge pipe of carrying the biological particles charging and the powder feed pipe of carrying biomass powder.
3. burner according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described particulate charge pipe tilts to insert in the wall body of combustion chamber from top to bottom.
4. burner according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described powder feed pipe tangentially inserts in the wall body of combustion chamber.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described burners, it is characterized in that, described combustion chamber arranges several wind pushing holes, and described expansion chamber is offered several wind distributing holes.
6. burner according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described particulate charge pipe connects feeding screw.
7. burner according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described powder feed pipe connects dispenser and blower fan.
8. burner according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described pipe connects cyclone dust collectors.
9. burner according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described body of heater is separated into combustion chamber and the expansion chamber of connection by partition wall, and described partition wall is offered fenestra, and the orifice plate with uniform through hole is installed in fenestra, 3/4~1/2 of described through hole circumference extends catch on every side.
10. burner according to claim 9 is characterized in that, the lower plane of described fenestra is designed to the inclined-plane.
CN2012103613056A 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner Pending CN102889584A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012103613056A CN102889584A (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012103613056A CN102889584A (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Biomass particle and powder dual-purpose burner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102889584A true CN102889584A (en) 2013-01-23

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107726295A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 黄小珍 Energy-saving biomass fuel stove
CN107726301A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 黄小珍 A variety of biomass fuel mixed combustion Fuel Furnaces
CN107741025A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 黄小珍 Biomass fuel boiler with rotary grate

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010755A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-04-13 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass vaporizing burner adopting cyclone dust-removing method
CN102225226A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-10-26 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Fire extinguishing device for biomass flue gas
CN202074686U (en) * 2011-05-09 2011-12-14 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass cyclone hot air furnace
CN202118874U (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-01-18 重庆重锅锅炉有限公司 Straw powder and coal burning double-purpose water-fire tube boiler with longitudinally configured single drum
CN202884898U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-04-17 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass vertical combustion furnace body
CN202884896U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-04-17 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass smoke generator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010755A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-04-13 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass vaporizing burner adopting cyclone dust-removing method
CN102225226A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-10-26 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Fire extinguishing device for biomass flue gas
CN202074686U (en) * 2011-05-09 2011-12-14 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass cyclone hot air furnace
CN202118874U (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-01-18 重庆重锅锅炉有限公司 Straw powder and coal burning double-purpose water-fire tube boiler with longitudinally configured single drum
CN202884898U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-04-17 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass vertical combustion furnace body
CN202884896U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-04-17 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass smoke generator

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107726295A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 黄小珍 Energy-saving biomass fuel stove
CN107726301A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 黄小珍 A variety of biomass fuel mixed combustion Fuel Furnaces
CN107741025A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 黄小珍 Biomass fuel boiler with rotary grate
CN107726295B (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-04-09 黄小珍 Energy-saving biomass fuel furnace
CN107726301B (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-04-12 黄小珍 A variety of biomass fuels are mixed and burned Fuel Furnace

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Application publication date: 20130123