CN102879458A - Damage detector based on piezomagnetic effect - Google Patents

Damage detector based on piezomagnetic effect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102879458A
CN102879458A CN2012102777858A CN201210277785A CN102879458A CN 102879458 A CN102879458 A CN 102879458A CN 2012102777858 A CN2012102777858 A CN 2012102777858A CN 201210277785 A CN201210277785 A CN 201210277785A CN 102879458 A CN102879458 A CN 102879458A
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China
Prior art keywords
check instrument
damage check
magnetic induction
train
induction sensor
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CN2012102777858A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102879458B (en
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不公告发明人
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包胜
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Priority to CN201210277785.8A priority Critical patent/CN102879458B/en
Publication of CN102879458A publication Critical patent/CN102879458A/en
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Publication of CN102879458B publication Critical patent/CN102879458B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a damage detector based on a piezomagnetic effect, which comprises a signal acquisition system, a photoelectric ranging system, a signal processing system and a base plate system, wherein the signal acquisition system is a scanning probe provided with a transverse rod, and a magnetic induction sensor array and a temperature sensor are integrated on the transverse rod; the signal processing system comprises an amplification and filter circuit, a signal amplification circuit, a multiway switch, an A/D conversion circuit and a computer system; a signal processing software is installed in the computer system of the signal processing system, and the computer system is connected with a human interface device and a warning device; and the damage detector is further provided with the transverse rod which can be movably connected and a base plate which has the effect of vibration reduction and can adapt to the pipe reducer, is a damage detector with multiple purposes and strong reliability based on the piezomagnetic effect, and has very important significance of improving the technical level of safety testing of domestic oil and gas pipelines , and timely and effectively preventing safety accidents caused by damage and ruin of the pipelines.

Description

A kind of damage check instrument based on piezomagnetic effect

Technical field

The application relates to a kind of damage check instrument, and particularly a kind of metal memory hyperchannel damage check instrument can carry out efficient detection to pipeline peace aircraft panels.

Background technology

Pipeline transportation is the major way that oil, natural gas transportation adopt.At present, transport by pipeline at the crude oil of China nearly 70%, 100% rock gas.According to incompletely statistics, built oil, the natural gas line total kilometrage of China surpassed 80,000 kilometers, and under construction and pipeline that plan to build also has nearly ten thousand kilometers, oil field gathering and transportation pipe network, refinery, urban pipe network accumulative total to reach hundreds thousand of kilometers.Because it is wide that delivery line passes through the region, Service Environment is complicated, and the position is hidden, in case failure damage occurs, often causes huge economic loss, causes the catastrophic failures such as personal injury, also can cause very large destruction to environment.According to statistics, existing 70% has entered the Frequent Accidents phase in the existing long distance oil-gas delivery line of China, annual because pipeline corrosion, the aging pipeline accident that causes are very frequent, exist great potential danger, therefore pipeline are detected to have very important significance before accident occurs.

Piezomagnetic effect refers to that ferrimagnet is subject to the time spent of doing of mechanical force, and its inside produces strain, causes magnetoconductivity to change, thereby magnetic field is changed.Distribution of Magnetic Field on the ferromagnetic metal parts surface and component stress load have certain relation, therefore can indirectly diagnose parts by the Distribution of Magnetic Field situation on detection part surface.The steel oil and gas pipes is under the effect of pipeline discharge pressure, its stress is concentrated and there is obvious feature in the magnetic field intensity at the hurt place such as corrosion: tangential magnetic field component Hp (x) has maximal value, normal magnetic field component Hp (y) reindexing and have null value.Based on the pipe detection technology of the piezomagnetic effect pressure magnetic signal by the record pipeline, extract and press magnetic magnetic signature value, set up that pipe stress is concentrated and the hurt position judgment criterion such as corrosion, and analyze the stressing conditions of hurt place pipeline.The piezomagnetic effect theory can provide strong technical support for the analysis of feeromagnetic metal component failure and life appraisal, at field of non destructive testing its unique advantage is arranged.

Common method for detecting pipeline has ultrasound examination and magnetic-leakage type pipe detection etc., and all there is certain defective in they.Hyperacoustic propagation must rely on liquid medium, and is absorbed by wax easily, so ultrasonic detection instrument is not suitable for detecting at gas pipeline and the very high oil pipeline of the content of wax.The magnetic-leakage type pipe detection needs special magnetizing equipment, needs demagnetization to process after detection finishes, and testing cost is high, exists the problems such as electromagnetic pollution.The natural magnetization phenomenon that piezomagnetic effect can utilize pipeline to form in operational process, the information of detection is more comprehensive, does not need special magnetizing assembly, and is simple to operation, and the cost of detection is lower, has good application prospect in field of non destructive testing.This paper has researched and developed a kind of damage check instrument based on piezomagnetic effect, concentrate for the stress that online detection pipeline exists, corrosion, the damaged metals such as fault in material, the damage check instrument of existing piezomagnetic effect generally only limits to use in the laboratory, and circumstance complication out of doors, instrument can't adapt to the variable-diameter structure of pipeline in the general laboratory, vibration in the detection and abominable outdoor site environment, cause testing result inaccurate or can't measure at all, the application has designed a kind of multi-usage for this reason, the damage check instrument based on piezomagnetic effect that reliability is strong, to improving the safety detection technology level of domestic oil and gas pipes, timely and effective preventing is of great significance because pipe damage destroys the security incident tool that causes.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of damage check instrument based on piezomagnetic effect, it is comprised of signal acquiring system, electro-optical distance measurement system, signal processing system and chassis system, signal acquiring system is the one scan probe, scanning head has a cross bar, and magnetic induction sensor array, temperature sensor are integrated on the cross bar; Signal processing system comprises filtering and amplifying circuit, signal amplification circuit, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit, computer system, in the computer system of signal processing system signal processing software is installed, and computer system links to each other with warning device with interpersonal interactive device, and the signal that the magnetic induction sensor array of signal acquiring system gathers enters computer system through signal amplification circuit filter, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit; The electro-optical distance measurement system directly is connected with computer system; The signal of temperature sensor collection enters computer system through signal amplification circuit, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit, it is characterized in that: wireless transmitting and receiving device is equipped with at damage check instrument top, by described wireless transmitting and receiving device can remote control damage check instrument move forward and backward, and data are sent on the computer system; Described magnetic induction sensor array is fixed on the cross bar of scanning head, and the position of magnetic induction sensor can free adjustment, and described cross bar is to be coupled together by turning joint by the multistage aluminium alloy, can be according to the shape free bend of detected member.

More preferably, described magnetic induction sensor is screwed on the cross bar, the quantity of magnetic induction sensor can be selected as required, when the more magnetic induction sensor of needs, directly magnetic induction sensor is fixed on the reserved passageway of cross bar with screw, the damage check instrument can be identified automatically; When certain magnetic induction sensor damages, can directly change.

More preferably, above described cross bar, a rule is arranged, be used for the equidistant arrangement of a plurality of magnetic induction sensors.

More preferably, the electro-optical distance measurement system comprises light emitting diode, lens subassembly, imaging sensor and control chip, and the electro-optical distance measurement system need not calibration.

More preferably, described chassis system comprises carrier frame, variable speed drive system, the bevel gear drive assembly, front axle, rear axle, outer train and interior train, chassis system is used for carrying aforesaid signal acquiring system, the functional module element of electro-optical distance measurement system, and can advance or retreat according to operator's instruction, wherein, variable speed drive system, the bevel gear drive assembly, outer train, interior train all is fixed on the carrier frame, variable speed drive system is according to the instruction outputting power, through the bevel gear drive component passes to front axle and rear axle, outer train and interior train are housed on front axle and the rear axle, before outer train has 4 wheels to be positioned at, the end of rear axle, interior train also has 4 wheels, coaxial and be positioned at the inboard of outer train with outer train, interior wheel diameter is less than foreign steamer.

More preferably, described interior train coaxial wheels is apart from adjustable.

More preferably, described carrier frame is rectangle, its place, right angle is provided with the hole of vertical perforation, snubber assembly is installed in the hole, be provided with interior ring platform in the hole, snubber assembly comprises the buffering long spiro nail, pad, buffing pad, the first spring, the second spring, when mounted, the sheathed pad of buffering long spiro nail, pass from bottom to top the interior ring platform in hole behind the first spring, top, the upper end of the first spring be located at interior ring platform below, the top, lower end of the first spring is located on the pad, be provided with in the buffing pad and the blind screw hole that cushions long spiro nail and match, fix with buffering long spiro nail screw thread behind sheathed the second spring of buffing pad, buffing pad is supported in the upper end of the second spring, the upper surface of interior ring platform is supported in its lower end, has so far formed and has been followed successively by from the bottom to top the buffering long spiro nail, pad, the first spring, interior ring platform, the second spring, arranging of buffing pad, each functional module of damage check instrument are installed on four buffing pads after being assembled into integral body.

More preferably, also comprise automatically controlled support sub-scanning, the damage check instrument is placed on the slide plate of track of automatically controlled support, test specimen is placed on the panel of bottom of automatically controlled support, wherein panel can move up and down, and track is fixed, and by slide plate is carried out remote control, at the uniform velocity controls artificially damage check instrument sweep velocity.

More preferably, at top and the rear wall of damage check instrument 5 minute bubbles are arranged respectively, when five minute bubbles at top are all placed in the middle, show that the damage check instrument is in horizontality; When 5 minute bubbles of rear wall are all placed in the middle, show that the damage check instrument is in plumbness, thus the level of auxiliary damage check instrument magnetic induction sensor, vertical calibration.

More preferably, also comprise the auxiliary magnetic induction sensor of proofreading and correct of horizontal stand, horizontal stand comprises the shank of a flat board and 4 support plate, each shank has screw to be used to regulate dull and stereotyped height, 4 bubbles are arranged on the flat board, when the damage check instrument is placed on horizontal stand, thereby can make by the screw that reverses shank bubble in the flat board make between two parties the horizontal stand state that is up to the standard.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

1, the scanning head of damage check instrument has adopted flexible cross bar, better adapts to the detected member of various shapes.

2, the damage check instrument has adopted radio transmission apparatus, both remote-controlled damage check instrument, reduce the error of artificial scanning, the data communication device that signal acquiring system and electro-optical distance measurement system can be obtained is again crossed and is wirelessly transmitted on the signal processing system, reduce the trouble of wire transmission, the dirigibility that has greatly improved the damage check instrument; And damage check instrument chassis system comprises outer interior two trains, snubber assembly, the damage check instrument is travelled to the pipeline reducing diameter district can smooth transition, guarantee handling safety, and the chassis system running part has adopted one-level bevel gear drive assembly, the kind of drive is very succinct, reliable, make the damage check instrument can be at detected member tackle better during larger or outdoor detection various badly, the complex detection environment.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1, damage check instrument structural representation of the present invention

Fig. 2, for scanning head structural representation of the present invention

Fig. 3, for chassis system structural representation of the present invention

Fig. 4, for buffer unit structure synoptic diagram of the present invention

Fig. 5, for the automatically controlled support synoptic diagram of the present invention

Fig. 6, for the synoptic diagram of level frame of the present invention

Reference numeral:

1, the damage check instrument, 2-1, signal amplification circuit, 2-2, signal amplification circuit filter, 3, multi-way switch, 4, the A/D conversion circuit, 5, computer system, 6, signal processing software, 7, interpersonal interactive device, 8, warning device, 9, control chip, 10, imaging sensor, 11, prism, 12, lens subassembly, 13, light emitting diode, 14, the cable data transmission interface, 15, wireless transmitting and receiving device, 16, the bevel gear drive assembly, 17, interior train, 18, front axle, 19, outer train, 20, snubber assembly, 21, carrier frame, 22, rear axle, 23, variable speed drive system, 24, buffing pad, 25, the second spring, 26, the first spring, 27, pad, 28, the buffering long spiro nail, 29, interior ring platform, 30, rule, 31, probe, 32, track, 33, sample to be tested, 34, slide plate, 35, minute bubbles, 36, shank, A, signal acquiring system, B, the electro-optical distance measurement system, C, signal processing system

Embodiment:

Referring to accompanying drawing 1, should be formed by signal acquiring system A, the B of electro-optical distance measurement system, signal processing system C and chassis system based on the damage check instrument of piezomagnetic effect.

Signal acquiring system is the one scan probe, scanning head comprises magnetic induction sensor array, temperature sensor and cross bar, in order to improve detection efficiency, this magnetic induction sensor array is the hyperchannel form that adopts a plurality of sensors to form, magnetic induction sensor adopts the AMR HMC1021 series 4 end bridge-type anisotropic magnetoresistive sensor of the up-to-date production of Honeywell company, compare with traditional universal magnetic induction sensor of 3 ends, have highly sensitive (can reach the magnitude of 10-9T), volume is little, price is low, good temp characteristic, frequency of operation advantages of higher.Particularly chip carries offset and set/reset function pin, can get rid of stilling the theatre and disturb and resist strong magnetic destruction.HMC1021 type magnetic resistance is combined with reset circuit, computing circuit, be used for to measure Weak magentic-field, will exceed three magnitudes than the precision of Hall chip sensor.This scanning head is configurable pulse degaussing circuit and magnetic shielding circuit also, disturbs and self residual magnetism impact to eliminate external magnetic field, guarantees to have higher precision in weak magnetic survey.

Fig. 2 is scanning head structural representation of the present invention, and the magnetic induction sensor array is to be secured on the cross bar of scanning head by screw, and the position of magnetic induction sensor is free adjustment manually.What cross bar adopted is aluminum alloy materials, avoids testing result is formed interference.The quantity of magnetic induction sensor can freely be changed as required, when the more magnetic induction sensor of needs, directly magnetic induction sensor is screwed in the duct of reserving, and machine can be identified automatically; When certain magnetic induction sensor damages, can directly change convenient maintenance in the future.The cross bar type can be divided into 4 ducts, 8 ducts, 16 types such as duct, also can select as required the duct of other numbers.In the prior art, cross bar is nonadjustable rigid member, bad adaptability, so among the application cross bar to be designed to be to be coupled together by the joint of multistage aluminium alloy by activity, free bend as required.When for example instrument is for detection of the pipeline of circle, cross bar can be bent to circle; During for detection of steel plate, can cross bar is stretching; When for detection of square member, cross bar can be bent to form an angle of 90 degrees.

In order to adjust more exactly the position of magnetic induction sensor, above cross bar, increased by one rule.Wherein 0 numerical value increases progressively respectively to both sides middle, unit is mm, minimum scale is 1mm.The material of rule is aluminium alloy, to avoid magnetic field to the interference of measurement result.

As can be seen from Figure 1, the electro-optical distance measurement system mainly is comprised of light emitting diode 13, lens subassembly 12, prism 11, imaging sensor 10 and control chip 9.This system sends light by light emitting diode 13, and through after the reflection of prism 11, light is surperficial with 30 degree angle directive detected member, and then feeds back on the imaging sensor 10 through lens by the reflection on plane.

When the damage check instrument moved, imaging sensor 10 record obtained continuous pattern, then process by the every pictures comparative analysis in 9 pairs of front and back of control chip, direction and the displacement of moving with judgment means, thus auto levelizer X, the mobile numerical value of Y-direction.After control chip 9 is processed these numerical value, pass to the computer system 5 of signal processing system C.The sample frequency of the B of electro-optical distance measurement system is the highest can to reach 3000Frames/sec(frame/second), that is to say its 3000 image of energy acquisition and processing in 1 second, and traditional mechanical guide wheel measuring distance device, its maximum sweep rate (when step-length is 1mm) can only reach the 0.2-0.3 meter per second, minimum measurement step-length only is 1mm, and the precision that adopts the B of this electro-optical distance measurement system to reach will be higher than the former far away, and sweep velocity is the fastest to reach 5 meter per seconds, and the minimum step-length of measuring can reach 0.01mm.And the user can set own needed precision in computer system 5.The more important thing is that native system when range finding need not to proofread and correct, automatically calculate distance by the electro-optical distance measurement service system, the error of having avoided loaded down with trivial details trimming process and correction to bring.

Signal processing system C is for the treatment of transmitting the signal of coming with analytic signal acquisition system A and the B of electro-optical distance measurement system, and these signals send signal processing system C to by wireless transmitting and receiving device 15 or cable data transmission interface 14.The signal that the magnetic induction sensor array of signal acquiring system A gathers enters computer system 5 through signal amplification circuit filter 2-2, multi-way switch 3, A/D change-over circuit 4, the input end of the output termination A/D change-over circuit 4 of signal amplification circuit filter 2-2 wherein, the input end of the output termination computer system 5 of A/D change-over circuit 4; The B of electro-optical distance measurement system directly is connected with computer system 5; The signal of temperature sensor collection enters computer system through signal amplification circuit 2-1, multi-way switch 3, A/D change-over circuit 4, in the computer system 5 of signal processing system C signal processing software 6 is installed, and computer system 5 links to each other with warning device 8 with interpersonal interactive device 7.

A wireless transmitting and receiving device 15 is arranged at the top of damage check instrument, when using wirelessly transmitting data, the power supply of damage check instrument provides by battery, both remote-controlled damage check instrument when using wireless communication mode, reduce the error of artificial scanning, the data communication device that signal acquiring system and electro-optical distance measurement system can be obtained is again crossed and is wirelessly transmitted on the signal processing system, greatly improved the dirigibility of damage check instrument, made the damage check instrument can be at detected member tackle better various abominable, complex detection environment during larger or outdoor detection.The rear side of damage check instrument has a cable data transmission interface 14, can data be sent on the signal processing system C by the cable data line, and the power supply at this moment of damage check instrument also provides by the cable data line.When in Indoor measurement or detection means hour, it is more convenient to transmit data with the cable data line.

Fig. 3 is chassis system structural representation of the present invention, chassis system is comprised of carrier frame 21, variable speed drive system 23, bevel gear drive assembly 16, front axle 18, rear axle 22, outer train 19, interior train 17 and snubber assembly 20, chassis system is used for carrying the functional module element of aforesaid signal acquiring system, electro-optical distance measurement system, and can advance or retreat according to operator's instruction.Carrier frame 21 can design according to actual needs, is preferably rectangle, and variable speed drive system 23, bevel gear drive assembly 16, outer train 19, interior train 17 and snubber assembly 20 are fixed on the carrier frame 21.Variable speed drive system is according to the instruction outputting power; pass to front axle 18 and rear axle 22 through bevel gear drive assembly 16; outer train 19 and interior train 17 are housed on front axle 18 and the rear axle 22; before outer train 19 has four wheels to be positioned at; the end of rear axle; interior train also has four wheels; coaxial and be positioned at the inboard of outer train with outer train 19; when the damage check instrument detects out of doors; often can run into the situation of pipeline reducing diameter; and some pipeline can be in very short distance reducing repeatedly; existing detector only has outer train; wheelspan between two coaxial wheels is fixed, and when detected caliber during less than wheelspan, detector can't be led by pipeline effectively; even having the possibility of falling from pipeline, this is more dangerous when detecting the pipeline that sets up in the high-altitude.In this application, in order to overcome the shortcoming of prior art, introduced the concept of interior train, interior train is positioned at the inboard of outer train, and interior diameter of taking turns is less than foreign steamer, when the damage check instrument when large-diameter pipeline or planar member are walked, interior train idle running, when the damage check instrument when pipeline sails reducing zone into and drives towards the pipe with small pipe diameter section from the Large Diameter Pipeline section, the interior wheel on the front axle gradually conjunctival tubules is directly managed outer wall, and the foreign steamer on the front axle breaks away from gradually the outer wall of Large Diameter Pipeline pipe and enters idling conditions; And when from the pipe with small pipe diameter reducing to Large Diameter Pipeline, the foreign steamer of front axle is gradually in conjunction with the outer wall of Large Diameter Pipeline pipe, interior take turns gradually to break away from from the outer wall of pipe with small pipe diameter pipe enter idling conditions, so so that the damage check instrument in the smooth transition of reducing place, namely guarantee equipment reliability of operation and security, guaranteed again to detect the stationarity of data.As preferred version, the coaxial wheels of interior train distance is adjustable.

Fig. 4 is buffer unit structure synoptic diagram of the present invention, when the damage check instrument travels at the pipeline reducing diameter place, the situation that center of gravity is raised or reduced appears sometimes, this can cause the body vibration of damage check instrument, and other impact of vibrating this highly sophisticated device of damage check instrument of this grade is huge, this also is the reason of can not the fine adaptation abominable testing environment of existing detector why, in order to eliminate vibration to the impact of damage check instrument, snubber assembly 20 has been installed on the carrier frame 21, and snubber assembly 20 is preferably mounted at the place, four right angles of rectangle carrier frame 21.The application's snubber assembly 20 is according to the vibrationproof specialized designs of the chassis system of damage check instrument, the place, right angle that is specially rectangle carrier frame 21 is provided with the hole of vertical perforation, be provided with interior ring platform 29 in the hole, snubber assembly 20 comprises buffering long spiro nail 28, pad 27, buffing pad 24, the first spring 26, the second spring 25, when mounted, buffering long spiro nail 28 sheathed pads 27, pass from bottom to top the interior ring platform 29 in hole behind the first spring 26, top, the upper end of the first spring 26 be located at interior ring platform 29 below, the top, lower end of the first spring 26 is located on the pad 27, be provided with in the buffing pad 24 and the blind screw hole that cushions long spiro nail 28 and match, fix with buffering long spiro nail 28 screw threads behind buffing pad 24 sheathed the second springs 25, buffing pad 24 is supported in the upper end of the second spring 25, the upper surface of interior ring platform 29 is supported in its lower end, so far formed and be followed successively by from the bottom to top buffering long spiro nail 28, pad 27, the first spring 26, interior ring platform 29, the second spring 25, arranging of buffing pad 24, each functional module of damage check instrument are installed on four buffing pads 20 after being assembled into integral body.Because snubber assembly 20 adopted two springs, therefore can well tackle the in motion up and down vibration transmitted of different directions of damage check instrument.

Fig. 5 is the automatically controlled support synoptic diagram of the present invention, when detecting test specimen hour, may adopt manual manipulation mode directly to push away the damage check instrument at test specimen, but this can be with the problem of serving.At first, when test specimen surface was irregular, if adopt traditional mechanical gear range finding, the distance that can cause recording did not conform to the actual conditions and closes, perhaps can not measuring distance.The error of bringing when manually directly pushing away the damage check instrument in order to overcome needs automatically controlled support of design, is used for advancing of damage check instrument.

The all material of automatically controlled support all is made with aluminium alloy or other nonferromagnetic materials, can effectively avoid the interference to testing result.Tested member is placed on the panel under the track of automatically controlled support, and panel can move up and down, and track is fixed, thereby adjusts the distance of track and detection means by moving up and down panel.Four slide plates are arranged on the track, and the above is put the damage check instrument.Chip is arranged on the slide plate, and link to each other with computer system 5, thus advancing by computer system 5 control slide plate movement control damage check instrument in orbit.The field signal of tested member is obtained by the damage check instrument, and the distance of scanning is then obtained by computer system 5 controls, thereby obtains the distribution of magnetic field on whole test specimen.Scanning distance both can be obtained by the B of electro-optical distance measurement system of damage check instrument, also can be obtained by computer system 5 controls.

About the orientation problem of scanning head, the zero graduation point of panel and the zero graduation point consistency from top to bottom on the track.At first being made zero in slide plate position in orbit, then the damage check instrument is placed on the slide plate, aligns with slide plate in the center of scanning head, just can guarantee that the distance that scans is corresponding with the distance of reality.

Fig. 6 is horizontal stand synoptic diagram of the present invention, the damage check instrument before use will to the measurement level to vertically proofread and correct to the magnetic induction sensor in magnetic field.When proofreading and correct, require damage check instrument difference horizontal positioned and vertical the placement, if directly manually proofread and correct, deviation occurs easily in the time of horizontal positioned and vertical the placement, be difficult to proofread and correct exactly.Therefore adopt a level frame, in order to make things convenient for the calibration of sensor.4 minute bubbles are arranged at the top of level frame as shown in Figure 6, are used for showing whether level of support plate.In the time of in the middle of 4 minute bubbles all occupy, show level of horizontal stand.The support level support plate be 4 shanks, a screw is arranged at the top of each shank, can adjust the height of leg in the time of rotation among a small circle, thereby adjusts dull and stereotyped distance.

At top and the rear wall of damage check instrument, add respectively five minute bubbles, be used for display instrument and whether place level and vertical.The damage check instrument is lain in a horizontal plane on the level frame, and adjusting screw until five minute bubbles at top are all placed in the middle, shows placement level of damage check instrument, can begin calibration.The damage check instrument is vertically placed, adjusting screw until five minute bubbles of rear wall are all placed in the middle, shows that the damage check instrument placed vertically, can begin calibration again.

Obviously, those skilled in the art according to above-described content, can also make the multiple test format that does not break away from basic fundamental thought of the present invention according to the technical know-how of grasping and conventional techniques means, and these are all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. damage check instrument based on piezomagnetic effect, formed by signal acquiring system, electro-optical distance measurement system, signal processing system and chassis system, signal acquiring system is the one scan probe, and scanning head has a cross bar, and magnetic induction sensor array, temperature sensor are integrated on the cross bar; Signal processing system comprises filtering and amplifying circuit, signal amplification circuit, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit, computer system, in the computer system of signal processing system signal processing software is installed, and computer system links to each other with warning device with interpersonal interactive device, and the signal that the magnetic induction sensor array of signal acquiring system gathers enters computer system through signal amplification circuit filter, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit; The electro-optical distance measurement system directly is connected with computer system; The signal of temperature sensor collection enters computer system through signal amplification circuit, multi-way switch, A/D change-over circuit, it is characterized in that: wireless transmitting and receiving device is equipped with at damage check instrument top, by described wireless transmitting and receiving device can remote control damage check instrument move forward and backward, or data are sent on the computer system; Described magnetic induction sensor array is fixed on the cross bar of scanning head, and the position of magnetic induction sensor can free adjustment, and described cross bar is to be coupled together by turning joint by the multistage aluminium alloy, can be according to the shape free bend of detected member.
2. damage check instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described magnetic induction sensor is screwed on the cross bar, the quantity of magnetic induction sensor can be selected as required, when the more magnetic induction sensor of needs, directly magnetic induction sensor is fixed on the reserved passageway of cross bar with screw, the damage check instrument can be identified automatically; When certain magnetic induction sensor damages, can directly change.
3. damage check instrument according to claim 2 is characterized in that: above described cross bar, a rule is arranged, be used for the equidistant arrangement of a plurality of magnetic induction sensors.
4. damage check instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the electro-optical distance measurement system comprises light emitting diode, lens subassembly, imaging sensor and control chip, and the electro-optical distance measurement system need not calibration.
5. the described damage check instrument of any one according to claim 1-4, described chassis system comprises carrier frame, variable speed drive system, the bevel gear drive assembly, front axle, rear axle, outer train and interior train, chassis system is used for carrying aforesaid signal acquiring system, the functional module element of electro-optical distance measurement system, and can advance or retreat according to operator's instruction, wherein, variable speed drive system, the bevel gear drive assembly, outer train, interior train all is fixed on the carrier frame, variable speed drive system is according to the instruction outputting power, through the bevel gear drive component passes to front axle and rear axle, outer train and interior train are housed on front axle and the rear axle, before outer train has 4 wheels to be positioned at, the end of rear axle, interior train also has 4 wheels, coaxial and be positioned at the inboard of outer train with outer train, interior wheel diameter is less than foreign steamer.
6. damage check instrument according to claim 5, described interior train coaxial wheels is apart from adjustable.
7. damage check instrument according to claim 5, described carrier frame is rectangle, its place, right angle is provided with the hole of vertical perforation, snubber assembly is installed in the hole, be provided with interior ring platform in the hole, snubber assembly comprises the buffering long spiro nail, pad, buffing pad, the first spring, the second spring, when mounted, the sheathed pad of buffering long spiro nail, pass from bottom to top the interior ring platform in hole behind the first spring, top, the upper end of the first spring be located at interior ring platform below, the top, lower end of the first spring is located on the pad, be provided with in the buffing pad and the blind screw hole that cushions long spiro nail and match, fix with buffering long spiro nail screw thread behind sheathed the second spring of buffing pad, buffing pad is supported in the upper end of the second spring, the upper surface of interior ring platform is supported in its lower end, has so far formed and has been followed successively by from the bottom to top the buffering long spiro nail, pad, the first spring, interior ring platform, the second spring, arranging of buffing pad, each functional module of damage check instrument are installed on 4 buffing pads after being assembled into integral body.
8. damage check instrument according to claim 7, also comprise automatically controlled support sub-scanning, the damage check instrument is placed on the slide plate of track of automatically controlled support, test specimen is placed on the panel of bottom of automatically controlled support, wherein panel can move up and down, and track is fixed, and by slide plate is carried out remote control, at the uniform velocity controls artificially damage check instrument sweep velocity.
9. damage check instrument according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: top and rear wall at the damage check instrument respectively have 5 minute bubbles, show that the damage check instrument is in horizontality when 5 minute bubbles at top are all placed in the middle; When 5 minute bubbles of rear wall are all placed in the middle, show that the damage check instrument is in plumbness, thus the level of auxiliary damage check instrument magnetic induction sensor, vertical calibration.
10. damage check instrument according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: also comprise the auxiliary magnetic induction sensor of proofreading and correct of horizontal stand, horizontal stand comprises the shank of 1 flat board and 4 support plate, each shank has screw to be used to regulate dull and stereotyped height, 4 bubbles are arranged on the flat board, when the damage check instrument is placed on horizontal stand, thereby can make by the screw that reverses shank bubble in the flat board make between two parties the horizontal stand state that is up to the standard.
CN201210277785.8A 2012-08-07 2012-08-07 Damage detector based on piezomagnetic effect CN102879458B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102879458A true CN102879458A (en) 2013-01-16
CN102879458B CN102879458B (en) 2014-12-31

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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