CN102873537B - Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) - Google Patents

Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102873537B
CN102873537B CN201110192594.7A CN201110192594A CN102873537B CN 102873537 B CN102873537 B CN 102873537B CN 201110192594 A CN201110192594 A CN 201110192594A CN 102873537 B CN102873537 B CN 102873537B
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
guide rail
base
numerical control
axis motion
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CN201110192594.7A
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CN102873537A (en
Inventor
李敬宇
李一前
周盛军
许记伟
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SHENZHEN WEIYUAN PRECISION TECHNOLOGY Ltd
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Individual
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q37/00Metal-working machines, or constructional combinations thereof, built-up from units designed so that at least some of the units can form parts of different machines or combinations; Units therefor in so far as the feature of interchangeability is important
    • B23Q37/005Modular base frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/36Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission in which a servomotor forms an essential element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2705/00Driving working spindles or feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q2705/10Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q2705/18Feeding other members supporting tools also feeding working spindles supports

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant). Described train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) comprises: base, base detent mechanism, base retention mechanism, X-axis motion, Y-axis motion, Z axis motion and at least one working end, wherein, base detent mechanism and base retention mechanism are all arranged on base, X-axis motion is arranged on base and with base and is connected, Y-axis motion is arranged on X-axis motion and with X-axis motion and is connected, Z axis motion is arranged on Y-axis motion and with Y-axis motion and is connected, and working end is arranged on Z axis motion. Device of the present invention can be after one-time positioning be firm, realize the automatic processing to milling face, boring and tapping in its stroke range, compare the semiautomatic plant processing of manually climbing up roof processing and Siemens, it is more accurate to locate, machining accuracy is high and stable, crudy is secure, and operating efficiency significantly improves, safe and reliable.

Description

Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)
The present invention relates to a kind of milling processing unit (plant) that bores, be specifically related to one and be applied to EMUs, light rail andThe numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the rail transit train car body tops such as subway.
Because railway car is passenger's life and resting space during the journey, for ensureing relaxing of passenger's journeySuitable, the route of pipe line of all water supply, power supply, air feed and ventilation refrigeration facility all need arrange at roof, thenEnter interior relevant position. Need to open at railway car top hole slot and the finishing of arranging pipeline for this reasonThe plane of local parts, so that install.
China's high ferro construction is in recent years advanced by leaps and bounds, and has realized development by a stride, and starting is to introduce stateOuter advanced technology, is digested and assimilated, and successfully innovates again, but compares developed countries, ITechnical relatively backward in processing and manufacturing, can not adapt to the high speed development of track traffic cause.
The processing at high ferro railway car top, major way is still manual measurement line processing at present. HaveMinority enterprise has bought the semi-automatic processing unit (plant) of Siemens, expensive, inconvenient maintenance. Although afterPerson adopts manual operation processing mode to have certain progress, but in the time that Working position changes, Drilling and milling headDisplacement be still by the artificial handwheel that rotates and adjust. Its positioning precision is difficult to control, localization method very complicated,Need to count people's cooperating. For this reason, can not meet the machining accuracy of railway car, the requirement of efficiency, restrictionProduction capacity.
In order to solve the technical problem existing in prior art, the invention provides a kind of train roof numberMilling processing unit (plant) is bored in control.
The present invention solves technical scheme that prior art problem adopts for a kind of train roof number is providedMilling processing unit (plant) is bored in control, and described train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) comprises: base, base detent mechanism,Base retention mechanism, X-axis motion, Y-axis motion, Z axis motion and at least one workEnd, wherein, described base detent mechanism and described base retention mechanism are all arranged on described base, described inX-axis motion is arranged on described base and with described base and is connected, and described Y-axis motion is arranged onOn described X-axis motion and with described X-axis motion, be connected, described Z axis motion is arranged on instituteState on Y-axis motion and with described Y-axis motion and be connected, described working end is arranged on described Z axis fortuneIn actuation mechanism.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described base is tower structure, at described baseOn be provided with base detent mechanism installation end, base retention mechanism installation end, X-axis motion installing rack andY-axis motion installing rack.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described base detent mechanism comprises and compartment compartment top circleThe arc plate that arc is suitable, described arc plate one end is arranged on the crossbeam arranging on described framework, the other end recessedThe suitable laminating of convex globoidal of cambered surface and compartment compartment top, is provided with T-shaped alignment pin on described arc plate, described TThe T-shaped groove of type alignment pin and described car body top is suitable.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described base retention mechanism comprises adjustable bolt and extensionHook, the top of described adjustable bolt is connected by nut seat with described base, the bottom of described adjustable bolt withDescribed hook is connected through the hinge, and the gib head of described hook can hook the upper edge of compartment window.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described X-axis motion comprises X-axis power driveMember, T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor, power transmission shaft, L-type two are to right-angle steering device, ball-screw and twoThe X-axis guide rail being parallel to each other, wherein said X-axis power driven means is the first servomotor, described firstThe clutch end of servomotor is connected with described T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor, and described T-shaped three-dimensional right angle subtractsAnother two working ends of speed machine are connected with respectively described power transmission shaft, described in being provided with on each described power transmission shaftL-type two is to right-angle steering device, and described power transmission shaft is by arranging on described right-angle steering device and described X-axis guide railBall-screw axle head connect and drive two X-axis guide rail synchronous operations that are parallel to each other, described first servoMotor is connected with the first wire, and the other end of described the first wire is connected with numerical control device.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described Y-axis motion adopt ball screw assembly, andBall line slideway auxiliary drives and guiding, specifically comprises Y-axis power driven means and Y-axis guide rail, wherein,Described Y-axis power driven means is the second servomotor, and described the second servomotor is arranged on described Y-axis and leadsOne end of rail, and be connected with the second wire, the other end of described the second wire is connected with numerical control device, Y-axisGuiderail base is arranged on described Y-axis guide rail two ends and is arranged on respectively on the slide block of X-axis guide rail.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: be provided with i-beam structure on described Y-axis guide railButtress brace, the buttress brace of described i-beam structure is arranged on described Y-axis guide rail bottom surface.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: in described X-axis motion and the motion of described Y-axisIn mechanism, be provided with support, described support is specifically arranged on X-axis guide rail and Y-axis guide rail, described supportTwo ends be arranged on the slide block arranging on X-axis guide rail and Y-axis guide rail.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described Z axis motion comprises Z axis power driveMember and Z axis guide rail, wherein, described Z axis power driven means is the 3rd servomotor, the described the 3rd watchesTake one end that motor is arranged on described Z axis guide rail, and be connected another of described privates with privatesEnd is connected with numerical control device, and Z axis guiderail base is arranged on described Z axis guide rail bottom surface, and is arranged on Y-axisOn the slide block of guide rail.
According to an optimal technical scheme of the present invention: described working end is drill bit and/or milling head, is arranged onOn Z axis guide rail, and can move up and down by relatively described Z axis guide rail.
Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the present invention can, after one-time positioning is firm, be realized instituteState the automatic processing of milling face, boring and tapping in numerical control drilling-milling apparatus stroke range, compare and manually climb up carThe semiautomatic plant processing of top processing and Siemens, it is more accurate to locate, and machining accuracy is high and stable, adds working mediumMeasure securely, operating efficiency significantly improves, safe and reliable.
Fig. 1 train roof of the present invention numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) structural representation.
Fig. 2 train roof of the present invention numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) understructure schematic diagram.
Y-axis motion, Z axis motion in Fig. 3 train roof of the present invention numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)With working end assembly structure schematic diagram.
Section structure schematic diagram after Fig. 4 i-beam structure buttress brace and the assembling of Y-axis straight-line motion mechanism.
Fig. 5 leading screw traversing carriage structural representation.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical solution of the present invention is elaborated:
Refer to Fig. 1 train roof of the present invention numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) structural representation and in conjunction with Fig. 2 thisInvention train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) understructure schematic diagram.
As shown in FIG., described train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) comprises: base 101, base are fixedPosition mechanism 102, base retention mechanism 103, X-axis motion 104, Y-axis motion 105, Z axisMotion 106 and at least one working end 107, wherein, described base detent mechanism 102 and the described endSeat retention mechanism 103 is all arranged on described base 101, described in described X-axis motion 104 is arranged onOn base 101 and with described base 101, be connected, described Y-axis motion 105 is arranged on described X-axis fortuneIn actuation mechanism 104 and with described X-axis motion 104, be connected, described Z axis motion 106 is arranged onOn described Y-axis motion 105 and with described Y-axis motion 105, be connected, establish described working end 107Put on described Z axis motion 106.
Described base 101 is tower structure, on described base 101, is provided with base detent mechanism102 installation ends, base retention mechanism 103 installation ends, X-axis motion 104 installing racks and Y-axis motionMechanism's 105 installing racks, described base 101 frameworks adopt almag section bar to be welded, overlength straight line fortuneActuation mechanism body (X-axis guide rail 115, Y-axis guide rail 117) is also to adopt aluminium alloy extrusions. Thereby ensureHigher intensity and light weight. Avoid overweight because installing, compartment compartment top is out of shape because the weight of device produces.
In technical scheme of the present invention, described base detent mechanism 102 has adopted explorator, instituteState base detent mechanism 102 and specifically comprise the arc plate suitable with compartment compartment top circular arc, described arc plate one end peaceBe contained on the crossbeam arranging on described framework the suitable subsides of convex globoidal of the cancave cambered surface of the other end and compartment compartment topClose, on described arc plate, T-shaped alignment pin is installed, the T-shaped groove of described T-shaped alignment pin and described car body topSuitable, this localization method has been guaranteed the accurate of Working position.
In technical scheme of the present invention, described base retention mechanism 103 comprises adjustable bolt 110 and hangsHook, the top of described adjustable bolt 110 is connected by nut seat with described base 101, described adjustable bolt110 bottom and described hook are connected through the hinge, and described hook uses forward mounting to hang at hook normalOn device, when practical, take off, hook the upper edge of compartment window by the gib head of described hook, can when fasteningRotation adjusting bolt, makes to bore the clamping of milling processing unit (plant) and compartment, for machining ready.
In technical scheme of the present invention, described X-axis motion 104 comprises X-axis power drive structurePart 111, T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor 112, power transmission shaft 113, L-type two to right-angle steering device 114, rollBallscrew and two X-axis guide rails 115 that are parallel to each other, wherein said X-axis power driven means 111 isOne servomotor, the clutch end of described the first servomotor and described T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor 112Connect, another two working ends of described T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor 112 are connected with respectively described power transmission shaft113, on each described power transmission shaft 113, described L-type two is installed to right-angle steering device 114, described transmissionAxle 113 connects by the ball-screw axle head arranging on described right-angle steering device 114 and described X-axis guide rail 115Connect and drive two X-axis guide rail 115 synchronous operations that are parallel to each other, described the first servomotor and first is ledLine 119 connects, and the other end of described the first wire 119 is connected with numerical control device.
In Fig. 1, can show, in described invention train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) structural representation, go backInclude hanger 123, described in described hanger 123 is arranged on, be on the base 101 of tower structure.
Refer to Fig. 1 train roof of the present invention numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) structural representation and in conjunction with Fig. 3 thisY-axis motion 105, Z axis motion 106 and work in invention train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)Make end 107 assembly structure schematic diagrames. As shown in FIG., described Y-axis motion 105 adopts ball-screwSecondary and ball line slideway auxiliary drives and guiding, specifically comprises Y-axis power driven means 116 and Y-axis guide rail117, wherein, described Y-axis power driven means 116 is the second servomotor, described the second servomotorBe arranged on one end of described Y-axis guide rail 117, and be connected with the second wire 120, described the second wire 120The other end be connected with numerical control device, Y-axis guide rail 117 bases are arranged on described Y-axis guide rail 117 two ends alsoBe arranged on respectively on the slide block of X-axis guide rail 115.
In technical scheme of the present invention, in order to ensure to bore the work of milling two working ends 107, described YShaft movement mechanism 105 has adopted the structural design of two covers.
In technical scheme of the present invention, described Z axis motion 106 comprises Z axis power drive structurePart 121 and Z axis guide rail 122, wherein, described Z axis power driven means 121 is the 3rd servomotor,Described the 3rd servomotor is arranged on one end of described Z axis guide rail 122, and is connected with privates, described inThe other end of privates is connected with numerical control device, and Z axis guide rail 122 bases are arranged on described Z axis guide rail 122Bottom surface, and be arranged on the slide block of Y-axis guide rail 117.
Be drill bit and/or milling head in working end 107 described in technical scheme of the present invention, be arranged on Z axisOn guide rail 122, and can move up and down by relatively described Z axis guide rail 122.
In technical scheme of the present invention, in the time of milling plane, moved forward into by two X-axis guide rails 115Give, and bear cutting force and moment of torsion, since Y-axis guide rail 117 spans large (reaching 3.2 meters), middle nothingSupporting, its strength and stiffness are all weak a lot of compared with X-axis guide rail 115, for this reason, adopt similar i-beam structureButtress brace 118 is strengthened Y-axis guide rail 117 bending strengths and rigidity, and concrete grammar is Y-axis guide rail 117Be installed on the cross section of screw assembling be in i-beam structure two side channels, that is, make described i-beam structureButtress brace 118 is arranged on described Y-axis guide rail 117 bottom surfaces, so just makes its compact conformation reasonable, increasesBending strength and the rigidity of Y-axis guide rail 117 are added. Concrete structure schematic diagram can be consulted Fig. 4 I-steel knotSection structure schematic diagram after structure buttress brace 118 is assembled with Y-axis straight-line motion mechanism.
In technical scheme of the present invention, described overlength moves X-axis guide rail 115 Hes of straight-line motion mechanismThe leading screw of Y-axis guide rail 117 adopts two ends fixed form. Near ball nut moves to the other end time, silkThe unsettled distance of thick stick is more and more longer, if middle not constraint, leading screw certainly leads to winding degree, in the time that leading screw rotatesProduce circular runout, can have a strong impact on the even running of straight-line motion mechanism. We have adopted that " leading screw moves for this reasonMoving cradle technology " leading screw is carried out firmly. Concrete way is in X-axis guide rail 115 and Y-axis guide rail 117,The both sides of rail plate are a narrow sliding support 125 of the each installation in centre position separately. Narrow sliding support 125Two ends, are arranged on the slide block of guide rail. Be connected with sliding support by bidirectional tension rod 124. Work as sliding support125 while moving to one end of guide rail, and one of them narrow sliding support 125 is just in time dragged two-way by sliding supportPull bar draws 124 as for the unsettled centre position of leading screw, has played the effect of supporting with firm leading screw, specifically knotStructure schematic diagram can be consulted Fig. 5 leading screw traversing carriage structural representation.
In technical solution of the present invention, described working end 107 can arrange a set of, also can arrange twoCover. When two covers is set, can an interplanting Milling Process, an interplanting tapping processing, described working end 107 existsUnder the driving of three-shaft linkage motion, can be in the stroke range of described numerical control drilling-milling apparatus optional positionBore, the processing of milling and tapping.
Below the course of work of train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the present invention is launched to explanation:
While using train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the present invention, available boom hoisting is by hanger 123Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the present invention is moved to the position that railway car top need to process.
After regulating by base detent mechanism 102 location, make train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)Reach processing request with the depth of parallelism of location basal plane. The hook in base retention mechanism 103 by hanging apparatusOn 126, put down, be hooked in the upper edge of compartment window, the adjusting bolt on rotation hook top, makes train roof numberMilling processing unit (plant) is bored in control and compartment clamps.
By machined parameters and the prior typing digital control system of size, start digital control system, digital control system will be graspedControl data are transferred to respectively with described by the first wire 119, the second wire 120 and privates respectively againThe first servomotor, the second servomotor and the 3rd servomotor of the corresponding connection of wire, described in eachThe each guide rail of driven by servomotor moves, and working end 107 is processed by the procedure in digital control system.
When whole programs are finished, unclamp base retention mechanism 103, with boom hoisting, by train carTop numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) moves to new Working position and works on.
Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) of the present invention can, after one-time positioning is firm, be realized instituteState the automatic processing of milling face, boring and tapping in numerical control drilling-milling apparatus stroke range, compare and manually climb up carThe semiautomatic plant processing of top processing and Siemens, it is more accurate to locate, and machining accuracy is high and stable, adds working mediumMeasure securely, operating efficiency significantly improves, safe and reliable.
Above content is in conjunction with concrete optimal technical scheme further description made for the present invention,Can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations. General for the technical field of the inventionLogical technical staff, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deductions orReplace, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant), is characterized in that: described train roof numerical control drilling-milling addsFrock is put and is comprised: base (101), base detent mechanism (102), base retention mechanism (103), XShaft movement mechanism (104), Y-axis motion (105), Z axis motion (106) and at least oneWorking end (107), wherein, described base detent mechanism (102) and described base retention mechanism (103)All be arranged on described base (101) upper, described X-axis motion (104) is arranged on described base(101) go up and be connected with described base (101), described in described Y-axis motion (105) is arranged onX-axis motion (104) is upper and be connected described Z axis fitness machine with described X-axis motion (104)Structure (106) be arranged on described Y-axis motion (105) upper and with described Y-axis motion (105)Connect, it is upper that described working end (107) are arranged on described Z axis motion (106),
Described base (101) is tower structure, on described base (101), is provided with base localization machineStructure (102) installation end, base retention mechanism (103) installation end, X-axis motion (104) installing rackWith Y-axis motion (105) installing rack,
Described base detent mechanism (102) comprises the arc plate (108) suitable with compartment compartment top circular arc, instituteState arc plate (108) one end and be arranged on the crossbeam arranging on described base (101) framework, the other end recessedThe suitable laminating of convex globoidal of cambered surface and compartment compartment top, is provided with T-shaped alignment pin on described arc plate, described TThe T-shaped groove of type alignment pin and described car body top is suitable.
2. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described baseRetention mechanism (103) comprises adjustable bolt (110) and hook (109), described adjustable bolt (110)Top be connected by nut seat with described base (101), the bottom of described adjustable bolt (110) and instituteState hook (109) and be connected through the hinge, the gib head of described hook (109) can hook the upper edge of compartment window.
3. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described X-axisMotion (104) comprise X-axis power driven means (111), T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor (112),Power transmission shaft (113), L-type two are to right-angle steering device (114), ball-screw and two X that are parallel to each otherAxis rail (115), wherein said X-axis power driven means (111) is the first servomotor, describedThe clutch end of one servomotor is connected with described T-shaped three-dimensional right angle reductor (112), described T-shapedAnother two working ends of three-dimensional right angle reductor (112) are connected with respectively described power transmission shaft (113), oftenDescribed L-type two is installed to right-angle steering device (114), described power transmission shaft on individual described power transmission shaft (113)(113) by the upper ball wire arranging of described right-angle steering device (114) and described X-axis guide rail (115)Thick stick axle head connects and drives two X-axis guide rail (115) synchronous operations that are parallel to each other, described first servoMotor is connected with the first wire (119), and the other end of described the first wire (119) is connected with numerical control device.
4. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Y-axisMotion (105) adopts ball screw assembly, and ball line slideway auxiliary to drive and guiding, specifically comprises YAxle power driven means (116) and Y-axis guide rail (117), wherein, described Y-axis power driven means(116) be the second servomotor, described the second servomotor is arranged on one of described Y-axis guide rail (117)End, and be connected with the second wire (120), the other end of described the second wire (120) and numerical control device connectConnect, Y-axis guide rail (117) base is arranged on described Y-axis guide rail (117) two ends and is arranged on respectively X-axisOn the slide block of guide rail (115).
5. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 4, is characterized in that: at described YOn axis rail (117), be provided with the buttress brace (118) of i-beam structure, the reinforcement of described i-beam structureBeam (118) is arranged on described Y-axis guide rail (117) bottom surface.
6. according to claim 3 to 5 train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) described in one of them, its feature existsIn: on described X-axis motion (104) and described Y-axis motion (105), be provided with support,Described support is specifically arranged on X-axis guide rail (115) and Y-axis guide rail (117) is upper, the two ends of described supportBe arranged on the upper slide block arranging of X-axis guide rail (115) and Y-axis guide rail (117).
7. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Z axisMotion (106) comprises Z axis power driven means (121) and Z axis guide rail (122), wherein,Described Z axis power driven means (121) is the 3rd servomotor, described in described the 3rd servomotor is arranged onOne end of Z axis guide rail (122), and be connected the other end of described privates and numerical control dress with privatesPut connection, Z axis guiderail base is arranged on described Z axis guide rail (122) bottom surface, and is arranged on Y-axis guide rail(117) on slide block.
8. train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described workEnd (107) is drill bit and/or milling head, is arranged on Z axis guide rail (122) upper, and can leads by relatively described Z axisRail (122) moves up and down.
CN201110192594.7A 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant) Active CN102873537B (en)

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CN201110192594.7A CN102873537B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)

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CN201110192594.7A CN102873537B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Train roof numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)
CN201610016160.4A CN105538043B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Roof of train numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)
CN201610016159.1A CN105598747B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Roof of train numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)

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CN201610016159.1A Division CN105598747B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Roof of train numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)
CN201610016160.4A Division CN105538043B (en) 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Roof of train numerical control drilling-milling processing unit (plant)

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CN102873537A CN102873537A (en) 2013-01-16
CN102873537B true CN102873537B (en) 2016-05-11

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CN105598747B (en) 2018-02-02

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