CN102837412A - Equipment for processing plastic bottle cap by extrusion compression molding - Google Patents

Equipment for processing plastic bottle cap by extrusion compression molding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102837412A
CN102837412A CN2012103524902A CN201210352490A CN102837412A CN 102837412 A CN102837412 A CN 102837412A CN 2012103524902 A CN2012103524902 A CN 2012103524902A CN 201210352490 A CN201210352490 A CN 201210352490A CN 102837412 A CN102837412 A CN 102837412A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
extrusion
bottle cap
roller
cover
shaped
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Application number
CN2012103524902A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102837412B (en
Inventor
何贤达
Original Assignee
台州市黄岩凯普机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201210352490.2A priority Critical patent/CN102837412B/en
Publication of CN102837412A publication Critical patent/CN102837412A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102837412B publication Critical patent/CN102837412B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/36Means for plasticising or homogenising the moulding material or forcing it through the nozzle or die
    • B29C48/395Means for plasticising or homogenising the moulding material or forcing it through the nozzle or die using screws surrounded by a cooperating barrel, e.g. single screw extruders

Abstract

Equipment for processing a plastic bottle cap by extrusion compression molding is characterized by comprising a stand, wherein an extrusion mechanism, a scraping and feeding mechanism, a compression molding cap producing mechanism, a demolding mechanism, a cutting ring mechanism and a heat-insulating and dehumidifying mechanism are arranged on the stand; the extrusion mechanism comprises a feeding hopper, a charging barrel and an extrusion port; a reinforced feeding screw is arranged in the feeding hopper; a scraping and capping mechanism comprises a scraping shaft; a scraping disk and a cap toggling disk are arranged on the scraping shaft; a scraping knife is arranged in the scraping disk and is matched with the extrusion port; a compression molding machine comprises a main shaft; a lower mold plate is arranged on the main shaft; an upper mold plate and an upper fixing plate are arranged on the lower mold plate; a lower mold is arranged in the lower mold plate; an upper mold and a push rod are arranged in the upper fixing plate; one side of the cap toggling disk is connected with a cap conveying slideaway; the other end of the cap conveying slideaway is connected with the cutting ring mechanism; a heat-insulating and dehumidifying system comprises an upper mold; a heat-insulating sleeve is arranged outside a cooling water pipe of the upper mold; an air cooler is arranged on the stand; and a blowing port of the air cooler is opposite to the compression molding cap producing mechanism.

Description

A kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap, be mainly used in bottle caps such as producing mineral water bottle and edible oil plastic bottle, belong to the plastics machinery field.
Background technology
Produce the equipment of bottle caps such as mineral water bottle and edible oil plastic bottle, mainly by plastic extruder and moulding press and scrape and expect that feed mechanism forms, because the plastic bottle closure volume is little; In light weight, so that feed mechanism is scraped the amount of the extruded material of getting from the extrusion of plastic extruder each time is fewer, but the station of moulding press is many; Speed is fast, therefore, requires feeding to want evenly; Unsuitable too many, otherwise will waste, also should not be very little; Can cause the bottle cap material quantity not sufficient very little and scrap, but that the hopper of existing plastic extruder exists charging is irregular, returning charge can occur down; Extrusion exists the uneven shortcoming of extrusion capacity, and plastic extruder also exists problems such as barrel heating energy loss is big simultaneously; When the scraper of feed mechanism scrape from the extrusion of plastic extruder get material after; Can material be shifted onto in the die cavity of moulding press mould fully; Also be to be related to system to cover one of key element of quality; But prior art exists scraper only depends on air blowing to take off the material of getting on the scraper, lacks an enforceable mechanism, causes and takes off the incomplete shortcoming of material; The station of moulding press is many, relies on rotation to cooperate with feed mechanism, and feed mechanism also relies on rotation; Scrape from extrusion and to get material and then send into die cavity; So scrape cutterhead and the moulding press rotating disk must be synchronous, existing device generally adopts gear drive, and it is big to exist energy consumption; Shortcomings such as noise rings, and synchronization accuracy is low; The demoulding wants fast after the plastic bottle closure product is processed in compression molding, deviate from fully, and prior art only depends on mechanical stripping to exist shortcomings such as sticking to mould; Be shaped on antitheft tooth and anti-theft ring on the plastic bottle closure, the antitheft tooth is broken after opening bottle cap, and anti-theft ring just breaks away from major bottle cap, when producing bottle cap; Need to cut a circle with ring-cutting machine to bottle cap, stay the antitheft tooth, prior art is cut ring and the not same machine of gland, and the bottle cap after the mold pressing is packed in the Turnover Box; Transport to again by the ring-cutting machine, bottle cap is imported ring-cutting machine, because the bottle cap of mold pressing cool to room temperature by conveying mechanism; Run into and be cold, can bottle cap be cut when cutting ring and collapse, so will heat to cutting cutting ring; Produced the carrying link like this, the waste of the people's construction equipment and the energy, product causes shortcomings such as secondary pollution; Produce place, the season of plastic bottle closure and have nothing in common with each other, existing moulding press does not have relative measures, meeting dewfall in the big and moist environment of the temperature difference, and dew is dropped in moulding press or the mould, causes complete machine humidity and mold fouling.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is provides a kind of in order to overcome the shortcoming that prior art exists: the one, and the plastic extruder hopper feed is smooth and easy, and barrel is heated evenly, and the extrusion material extrusion is accurate; The 2nd, that scrapes the material feed mechanism scrapes material accurately, takes off material and gets into die cavity fully; The 3rd, the bottle cap demoulding after the mold pressing is fast, deviates from fully, and the bottle cap after deviating from is directly imported the ring-cutting machine structure, reduces operation and secondary pollution, facility compact; The 4th, machine is applicable to different regions and season, and insulation, moisture effect is good, and adaptability is strong; The 5th, scrape material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure and ring-cutting machine structure synchronous movement, cooperate accurate a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap.
A kind of technical scheme of extruding the equipment of mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap of the present invention is: it is characterized in that comprising frame, extrusion mechanism is installed on frame, scrapes material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure, mould emptier, ring-cutting machine structure and is incubated dehumidification system that said extrusion mechanism comprises feed hopper, barrel and extrusion, and reinforced feeding spiro rod is installed in the feed hopper; Said reinforced feeding spiro rod comprises material roller, and material roller rotates through driven by motor, two stirring bars and material extrusion blade about being shaped on the material roller, and the diameter at said material roller two is less than the diameter at middle part; Outer wall begins to be shaped on material extrusion page or leaf sheet at the material roller middle part, and material extrusion page or leaf sheet is twist down to the material roller bottom, and the page or leaf sheet width of material extrusion page or leaf sheet in the middle part of material roller is provided with heat-insulation layer greater than the page or leaf sheet width of bottom outside barrel; On the barrel wall temperature probe is set, temperature probe connects temperature controller, and barrel connects extrusion, and the said material cover extirpation machine structure of scraping comprises and scrapes the material axle; Scrape material axle by the synchronous motor driven rotary, scrape charging tray and movable cover dish scraping to install on the material axle, scrape scraper is installed in the charging tray, scraper matches with extrusion; Said scraper comprises cylinder-shaped body, and the bottom of cylinder-shaped body is the semicircular edge of a knife of scraping, and is shaped on plunger shaft in the said cylinder-shaped body, and piston is set in the plunger shaft; Piston outer wall is installed back-moving spring, and said piston is shaped on mesopore, in the cylinder-shaped body wall, is shaped on air inlet, and seal cover is installed at the plunger shaft top; Contact with piston below the seal cover, seal cover fixes through jump ring and cylinder-shaped body, and said moulding press comprises installs main shaft on the frame, and main shaft is by the synchronous motor driven rotary; Lower bolster is installed on main shaft, is installed template and upper mounted plate on the lower bolster, counterdie is installed in lower bolster, patrix and charging ram are installed in upper mounted plate; Said patrix comprises core rod, and cooling water channel is installed in the core rod, and cooling water channel connects cooling water pipe, and core rod fixes through last fixed cover and upper mounted plate; Under core rod, be equipped with the core rod cover, the outer stripper sleeve that is equipped with of core rod cover has the core rod cover in the core rod cover, in the core rod cover core rod is installed; On the said charging ram roller is installed, at the guide rail of upper rack mounting cam formula, guide rail contacts with roller, and the charging ram outer wall is installed return spring; Return spring contacts with cope match-plate pattern, and contiguous block is installed in the charging ram bottom, and contiguous block and stripper sleeve outer wall fix, open pore on the wall of said stripper sleeve; Pore connects gas to be chewed, and feeds compressed air during gas is chewed, and the bottle cap of moulding cooperates with guide rail through the roller of charging ram and falls into the movable cover dish in the patrix, and said movable cover dish one side connection is failed and built slideway; The defeated slideway other end of covering connects the ring-cutting machine structure, and said ring-cutting machine structure is included in to install on the frame cuts annulate shaft, cuts annulate shaft by the synchronous motor driven rotary; Cutting installation knife rest fixed head and chieftain's fixed head on the annulate shaft, on the knife rest fixed head knife rest is installed, blade is installed on the knife rest; Chieftain's fixed head is through cutting the annulate shaft driven rotary, fixing chieftain on chieftain's fixed head, and the chieftain is covered the bottle cap that slideway transports and is matched with defeated; Said insulation dehumidification system comprises that the cooling water pipe of patrix is provided with muff outward, and air-cooler is installed on frame, and the blowing mouth of air-cooler is facing to the mould pressing lid maker structure.
The invention discloses a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap, during work, plastic conveying and plastic to feed hopper, is rotated by low speed torsion driven by motor material roller; Two stirring bars stir plastics about material roller top, and plastics are stirred, and cooperate the thick material roller of two detail portion and fall terraced spiral material extrusion page or leaf sheet, stir plastics in the hopper through rotation; And, force the hand of spiral feed of plastics toward the extrusion mechanism screw rod to a kind of extruding force from top to down of plastics generation, and feed hopper is delivered to barrel downwards with plastics, and barrel heats plastics; Heat-insulation layer is set outside barrel, on the wall of barrel temperature probe is set, temperature probe connects temperature controller, and the heat-insulation layer material comprises asbestos etc.; Heating wire etc. is wrapped in the inside, reduces scattering and disappearing of heat, temperature probe is set on barrel simultaneously, temperature probe connects temperature controller; Temperature controller is controlled heating wire again, according to the needs of reality, and heating rationally, energy-saving effect is very significantly; And improved production environment again, barrel connects extrusion, when plastics are heated as when being transported to extrusion after heat is melted plastics, scrapes charging tray and movable cover disc spins by what synchronous motor drove; When the half-round scraper mouth of scraper infraoral moves to the extrusion of extruding machine, to scrape the edge of a knife and scrape and get the heat of extruding and melt plastics, scraper continues to move to the die location of mould pressing lid maker structure, and feed air pressure this moment from the air inlet of scraper sidewall; Air pressure gets in the plunger shaft of cylinder-shaped body through air inlet, because the top of plunger shaft is dead by seal cover and jump ring sealing and fixing, so air pressure can only push away piston downwards, and the lower ends downward of piston is melted the plastics a bit of distance of promotion downwards with heat; Make heat melt plastics and to scrape the edge of a knife bonding no longer tight, and the upper end of piston makes air pressure get into from the mesopore of piston owing to evade down below the contact seal lid, and blow out from the piston bottom; The air pressure that blows out melts plastics with heat rapidly and blows off in the die cavity of mould pressing lid maker structure counterdie, reaches material loading, and the mould matched moulds melts plastics to heat and carries out compression molding then; When upper and lower mould rotated to the position of scraping charging tray once more, upper die and lower die were opened, and counterdie is material loading once more, and patrix one side charging ram roller contacts with the guide rail of cam-type; Roller rolls downwards along the inclined-plane of guide rail, and the charging ram of roller drive simultaneously vertically moves downwards, and charging ram drives stripper sleeve through contiguous block and vertically moves downwards, when roller moves to the tip position of guide rail; Charging ram drives stripper sleeve to be deviate from bottle cap part from core rod downwards, and owing to stripper sleeve moves down, and core rod, core rod cover and core rod cover are fixed, so the pore of stripper sleeve inwall exposes; Chew compressed air and be blown into the pore this moment from gas, be blown into the stripper sleeve inner chamber from pore again, and bottle cap is blown out; Make bottle cap fall into the movable cover dish, the movable cover dish is delivered to bottle cap and builds slideway through scraping material axle driven rotary; The defeated slideway that cover is delivered to the bottle cap of firm compression molding on the knife rest fixed head of ring-cutting machine, cuts annulate shaft and drives chieftain's fixed head and move, and chieftain's fixed head drives chieftain's head insertion bottle cap; The chieftain drives the bottle cap rotation and moves, and makes the blade on the knife rest cut ring to bottle cap, and the bottle cap that machines at last falls into collecting box from a side.The present invention extrudes the equipment of mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap, and the one, the material extrusion page or leaf sheet of extrusion mechanism adopts down terraced spirality, improves screw rod extruding material; Avoid producing returning charge, guarantee the even, stable of feed, satisfy system and cover needs; Barrel is provided with heat-insulation layer, temperature probe and temperature controller outward, reduces scattering and disappearing of heat, according to the needs of reality; Heating rationally, energy-saving effect are very remarkable, and have improved production environment again; The 2nd, the scraper of scraping the material feed mechanism adopts piston, the dual material that takes off of blowing; Heat is melted in the die cavity that plastics fall to mould rapidly, avoided the part residual heat to melt plastics and be bonded at and scrape the edge of a knife, feeding is accurate; Blanking is complete; Guarantee product percent of pass, eliminated and shut down the operation of removing defective material, improved operating efficiency; The 3rd, the mode of the employing secondary demoulding, the assurance bottle cap is deviate from fully, and stripping rate is fast; Bottle cap after deviating from builds slideway and directly is delivered to the ring-cutting machine structure through defeated; Reduce the contaminated link of product, guaranteed product safety, health, and lid also heat, soft; Blade also is difficult for being worn, and guarantees blade service life; The 4th, the insulation dehumidification system is installed on frame, muff has been arranged, avoid the cooling water pipe internal-external temperature difference to produce dewfall greatly; Make complete machine dry; Not moist, the quality of assurance shaped article is installed air-cooler facing to the mould pressing lid maker structure on frame; The mould pressing lid maker structure can effectively be dispelled the heat in long-term work, guarantee service life; The 5th, scrape material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure and ring-cutting machine structure and adopt synchronous motor to drive, material loading, blanking, take off lid and cooperate precisely.
A kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap of the present invention, the seal cover outer wall of said scraper is installed sealing ring, and sealing ring contacts with the inwall of cylinder-shaped body.On the said movable cover dish block is installed, block contacts with the moulding bottle cap.Block has been arranged, the bottle cap on the movable cover dish has been stopped, made it can get into defeated the lid in the slideway smoothly.In the said extrusion mechanism smelt gear pump is set.Smelt gear pump is set in extrusion mechanism, and the material that barrel is extruded keeps uniformity, guarantees that the raw material that is assigned to die cavity each time is accurate in 2/1000ths, saves plastic raw materials 80kg every day approximately, and the joint material is very obvious, guarantees the quality of bottle cap again.Said insulation dehumidification system also comprises air curtain, and air curtain is on the frame between mould pressing lid maker structure and the extrusion mechanism.Air curtain is separated the temperature between mould pressing lid maker structure and the material-extruding machine through the air curtain of air curtain, make the temperature difference of two sides temperature big, realizes that same environment is issued to two kinds of different temperature, guarantees mould pressing lid maker structure and material-extruding machine working environment separately.Said synchronous motor is a frequency control motor; First synchronous pulley and second synchronous pulley are set on the motor shaft of frequency control motor, on the described main shaft spindle rotary wheel are set, between first synchronous pulley and spindle rotary wheel, be with transmission synchronously by first; Described second synchronous pulley is through second driven shaft of band drive synchronously; Driven gear is installed on the driven shaft, and driven gear drives and scrapes the material runner, scrapes the material runner and scrapes charging tray through scraping the drive of material axle.Through each synchronous pulley and band transmission synchronously, realize each mechanism's synchronous working of a driven by motor, cooperate accurately.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of extruding the equipment of mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of plan structure sketch map of extruding the equipment of mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of reinforced feeding spiro rod;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of scraper;
Fig. 5 is A-A direction schematic cross-section of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the demoulding state layout structure sketch map of mould pressing lid maker structure;
Fig. 7 is patrix connects charging ram through contiguous block a structural representation;
Fig. 8 is that synchronous motor drives main shaft and the structural representation of scraping the material axle through synchronous pulley.
The specific embodiment
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap,, it is characterized in that comprising frame 1, extrusion mechanism is installed on frame, is scraped the material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure, mould emptier, ring-cutting machine structure and insulation dehumidification system like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 8; Said extrusion mechanism comprises feed hopper 21, barrel 2 and extrusion 23, and reinforced feeding spiro rod 211 is installed in the feed hopper, and said reinforced feeding spiro rod comprises material roller 212, and material roller rotates through driven by motor; Two stirring bars 213 and material extrusion blade 214 about being shaped on the material roller, the diameter at said material roller 212 two are less than the diameter at middle part, and outer wall begins to be shaped on material extrusion page or leaf sheet 214 at the material roller middle part, and material extrusion page or leaf sheet is twist down to the material roller bottom; The page or leaf sheet width of material extrusion page or leaf sheet 214 in the middle part of material roller is provided with heat-insulation layer 221 greater than the page or leaf sheet width of bottom outside barrel, temperature probe 222 is set on the barrel wall, and temperature probe connects temperature controller 223; Barrel connects extrusion 23, and the said material cover extirpation machine structure of scraping comprises and scrapes material axle 3, scrapes the material axle by synchronous motor 7 driven rotary, scrapes charging tray 31 and movable cover dish 32 scraping to install on the material axle; Scrape scraper 33 is installed in the charging tray, scraper matches with extrusion, and said scraper comprises cylinder-shaped body 331, and the bottom of cylinder-shaped body is the semicircular edge of a knife 336 of scraping; Be shaped on plunger shaft 337 in the said cylinder-shaped body 331, piston 332 is set in the plunger shaft, piston outer wall is installed back-moving spring 334, and said piston is shaped on mesopore 339; In cylinder-shaped body 331 walls, be shaped on air inlet 338, seal cover 333 is installed at plunger shaft 337 tops, contact with piston 332 below the seal cover, and seal cover fixes through jump ring 335 and cylinder-shaped body 331; Said moulding press comprises installs main shaft 4 on the frame 1, main shaft is installed lower bolster 41 by synchronous motor 7 driven rotary on main shaft, install template 42 and upper mounted plate 43 on the lower bolster; Counterdie 44 is installed in lower bolster, patrix 45 and charging ram 46 are installed in upper mounted plate, said patrix comprises core rod 454, and cooling water channel 451 is installed in the core rod 454; Cooling water channel connects cooling water pipe 8, and core rod fixes with upper mounted plate 43 through last fixed cover 455, under core rod, is equipped with core rod cover 456, the outer stripper sleeve 457 that is equipped with of core rod cover; Core rod cover 458 is arranged in the core rod cover, in the core rod cover core rod 459 is installed, roller 461 is installed, on the said charging ram 46 at the guide rail 462 of upper rack mounting cam formula; Guide rail contacts with roller, and the charging ram outer wall is installed return spring 463, and return spring contacts with cope match-plate pattern 42, and contiguous block 464 is installed in the charging ram bottom; Contiguous block and stripper sleeve 457 outer walls fix, and open pore 453 on the wall of said stripper sleeve 457, and pore connects gas and chews 452, feed compressed air during gas is chewed; The bottle cap of moulding cooperates with guide rail 462 through the roller 461 of charging ram 46 and falls into movable cover dish 32 in the patrix 45, and said movable cover dish one side connects the defeated slideway 12 that cover, and the defeated slideway other end connection ring-cutting machine structure that cover, said ring-cutting machine structure are included on the frame 1 installation and cut annulate shaft 6; Cut annulate shaft by synchronous motor 7 driven rotary,, knife rest 63 is installed on the knife rest fixed head, blade 64 is installed on the knife rest cutting installation knife rest fixed head 61 and chieftain's fixed head 62 on the annulate shaft; Chieftain's fixed head is through cutting annulate shaft 6 driven rotary, fixing chieftain 65 on chieftain's fixed head 62, and the chieftain is covered the bottle cap that slideway 12 transports and is matched with defeated; Said insulation dehumidification system comprises that the cooling water pipe 8 of patrix 45 is provided with muff 81 outward, and air-cooler 82 is installed on frame 1, and the blowing mouth of air-cooler 82 is facing to the mould pressing lid maker structure.During work, with plastic conveying and plastic to feed hopper 21, by 212 rotations of low speed torsion driven by motor material roller, 213 pairs of plastics of two stirring bars stir about material roller top; Plastics are stirred, and fall the thick material roller 212 of terraced spiral material extrusion page or leaf sheet 214 cooperation two detail portions, stir plastics in the hopper, and plastics are produced a kind of extruding force from top to down through rotation; Force the hand of spiral feed of plastics toward extrusion mechanism screw rod 211, feed hopper 21 is delivered to barrel 2 downwards with plastics, and barrel heats plastics, and heat-insulation layer 221 is set outside barrel; Temperature probe 222 is set on the wall of barrel, and temperature probe connects temperature controller 223, and the heat-insulation layer material comprises asbestos etc., and heating wire etc. is wrapped in the inside; Reduce scattering and disappearing of heat, temperature probe 222 is set on barrel simultaneously, temperature probe connects temperature controller 223, and temperature controller is controlled heating wire again; According to the needs of reality, heating rationally, energy-saving effect is very remarkable, and has improved production environment again; Barrel 2 connects extrusions 23, when plastics are heated as when being transported to extrusion after heat is melted plastics, scrapes charging tray 31 and 32 rotations of movable cover dish by what synchronous motor 7 drove, when the half-round scraper mouth 336 of scraper 33 infraorals moves to the extrusion 23 of extruding machine; Scrape the edge of a knife and scrape and get the heat of extruding and melt plastics, scraper continues to move to the die location of mould pressing lid maker structure, and feed air pressure this moment from the air inlet 338 of scraper 33 sidewalls, and air pressure gets in the plunger shaft 337 of cylinder-shaped body 331 through air inlet; Because the top of plunger shaft is dead by seal cover 333 and jump ring 335 sealing and fixing, so air pressure can only push away piston 332 downwards, and the lower ends downward of piston is melted plastics with heat and promoted a bit of distance downwards, makes heat melt plastics and to scrape the edge of a knife 336 bonding no longer tight; And the upper end of piston 332 makes air pressure get into from the mesopore 339 of piston owing to evade down below contact seal lid 333, and blows out from the piston bottom, and the air pressure that blows out melts plastics with heat rapidly and blows off in the die cavity of mould pressing lid maker structure counterdie 44; Reach material loading, the mould matched moulds melts plastics to heat and carries out compression molding then, when upper and lower mould 45,44 rotates to the position of scraping charging tray 31 once more; Patrix 45 is opened with counterdie 44, and counterdie is material loading once more, and patrix one side charging ram roller 461 contacts with the guide rail 462 of cam-type, and roller rolls downwards along the inclined-plane of guide rail; The charging ram 46 of roller drive simultaneously vertically moves downwards, and charging ram drives stripper sleeve 457 through contiguous block 464 and vertically moves downwards, and when roller 461 moved to the tip position of guide rail 462, charging ram 46 drove stripper sleeve 457 and downwards bottle cap part from core rod 459 deviate from; Because stripper sleeve moves down, and that core rod 459, core rod cover 458 and core rod are overlapped is 456 fixed, so the pore 453 of stripper sleeve 457 inwalls exposes; Chew 452 with compressed air from gas and be blown into the pore this moment, is blown into the stripper sleeve inner chamber from pore again, and bottle cap is blown out; Make bottle cap fall into movable cover dish 32, the movable cover dish is delivered to bottle cap and builds slideway 12 through scraping material axle 3 driven rotary; The defeated slideway that cover is delivered to the bottle cap of firm compression molding on the knife rest fixed head 61 of ring-cutting machine, cuts annulate shaft 6 and drives chieftain's fixed heads 62 and move, and chieftain's fixed head drives chieftain 65 head insertion bottle cap; The chieftain drives the bottle cap rotation and moves, and makes the 64 pairs of bottle caps of blade on the knife rest 63 cut ring, and the bottle cap that machines at last falls into collecting box from a side.The present invention extrudes the equipment of mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap, and the one, the material extrusion page or leaf sheet 214 of extrusion mechanism adopts terraced spirality, improves screw rod extruding material; Avoid producing returning charge, guarantee the even, stable of feed, satisfy system and cover needs; Barrel 2 outer heat-insulation layer 221, temperature probe 222 and the temperature controllers 223 of being provided with reduce scattering and disappearing of heat, according to the needs of reality; Heating rationally, energy-saving effect are very remarkable, and have improved production environment again; The 2nd, the scraper 33 of scraping the material feed mechanism adopts piston 332, the dual material that takes off of blowing; Heat is melted in the die cavity that plastics fall to mould rapidly, avoided the part residual heat to melt plastics and be bonded at and scrape the edge of a knife 336, feeding is accurate; Blanking is complete; Guarantee product percent of pass, eliminated and shut down the operation of removing defective material, improved operating efficiency; The 3rd, the mode of the employing secondary demoulding, the assurance bottle cap is deviate from fully, and stripping rate is fast; Bottle cap after deviating from builds slideway 12 and directly is delivered to the ring-cutting machine structure through defeated; Reduce the contaminated link of product, guaranteed product safety, health, and lid also heat, soft; Blade 64 also is difficult for being worn, and guarantees blade service life; The 4th, the insulation dehumidification system is installed on frame 1, muff 81 has been arranged, avoid cooling water pipe 8 internal-external temperature differences to produce dewfall greatly; Make complete machine dry; Not moist, the quality of assurance shaped article is installed air-cooler 82 facing to the mould pressing lid maker structure on frame 1; The mould pressing lid maker structure can effectively be dispelled the heat in long-term work, guarantee service life; The 5th, scrape material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure and ring-cutting machine structure and adopt synchronous motor 7 to drive, material loading, blanking, take off lid and cooperate precisely.Seal cover 333 outer walls of said scraper 33 are installed sealing ring 330, and sealing ring contacts with the inwall of cylinder-shaped body 331.Block 34 is installed on the said movable cover dish 32, and block contacts with the moulding bottle cap.Block 34 has been arranged, the bottle cap on the movable cover dish 32 has been stopped, made it can get into defeated the lid in the slideway 12 smoothly.Smelt gear pump 225 is set in the said extrusion mechanism.Smelt gear pump 225 is set in extrusion mechanism, and the material that barrel 2 is extruded keeps uniformity, guarantees that the raw material that is assigned to die cavity each time is accurate in 2/1000ths, saves plastic raw materials 80kg every day approximately, and the joint material is very obvious, guarantees the quality of bottle cap again.Said insulation dehumidification system also comprises air curtain 83, and air curtain is on the frame between mould pressing lid maker structure and the extrusion mechanism 1.Air curtain 83 is separated the temperature between mould pressing lid maker structure and the material-extruding machine through the air curtain of air curtain, make the temperature difference of two sides temperature big, realizes that same environment is issued to two kinds of different temperature, guarantees mould pressing lid maker structure and material-extruding machine working environment separately.Said synchronous motor 7 is a frequency control motor; First synchronous pulley 73 and second synchronous pulley 74 are set on the motor shaft 72 of frequency control motor, on the described main shaft 4 spindle rotary wheel 76 are set, between first synchronous pulley 73 and spindle rotary wheel 76, be with 77 transmissions synchronously by first; Described second synchronous pulley 74 is with 710 to drive driven shaft 711 through second synchronously; Driven gear 712 is installed on the driven shaft, and material runner 79 is scraped in the driven gear drive, scrapes the material runner and scrapes charging tray 31 through scraping 3 drives of material axle.Through each synchronous pulley and band transmission synchronously, realize each mechanism's synchronous working of a driven by motor, cooperate accurately.

Claims (6)

1. an equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap is characterized in that comprising frame (1), extrusion mechanism is installed on frame, scrapes material feed mechanism, mould pressing lid maker structure, mould emptier, ring-cutting machine structure and is incubated dehumidification system, and said extrusion mechanism comprises feed hopper (21), barrel (2) and extrusion (23); Reinforced feeding spiro rod (211) is installed in the feed hopper, and said reinforced feeding spiro rod comprises material roller (212), and material roller rotates through driven by motor, two stirring bars (213) and material extrusion blade (214) about being shaped on the material roller; The diameter at said material roller (212) two is less than the diameter at middle part, and outer wall begins to be shaped on material extrusion page or leaf sheet (214) at the material roller middle part, and material extrusion page or leaf sheet is twist down to the material roller bottom, and the page or leaf sheet width of material extrusion page or leaf sheet (214) in the middle part of material roller is greater than the page or leaf sheet width of bottom; Heat-insulation layer (221) is set outside barrel, temperature probe (222) is set on the barrel wall, temperature probe connects temperature controller (223), and barrel connects extrusion (23); The said material cover extirpation machine structure of scraping comprises and scrapes material axle (3), scrapes the material axle by synchronous motor (7) driven rotary, scrapes charging tray (31) and movable cover dish (32) scraping to install on the material axle, scrapes scraper (33) is installed in the charging tray; Scraper matches with extrusion, and said scraper comprises cylinder-shaped body (331), and the bottom of cylinder-shaped body is the semicircular edge of a knife (336) of scraping, and is shaped on plunger shaft (337) in the said cylinder-shaped body (331); Piston (332) is set in the plunger shaft, and piston outer wall is installed back-moving spring (334), and said piston is shaped on mesopore (339), in cylinder-shaped body (331) wall, is shaped on air inlet (338); Contact with piston (332) below plunger shaft (337) the top installation seal cover (333), seal cover, seal cover fixes through jump ring (335) and cylinder-shaped body (331), and said moulding press comprises that frame (1) goes up installation main shaft (4); Main shaft is installed lower bolster (41) by synchronous motor (7) driven rotary on main shaft, install template (42) and upper mounted plate (43) on the lower bolster, and counterdie (44) is installed in lower bolster; Patrix (45) and charging ram (46) are installed in upper mounted plate, and said patrix comprises core rod (454), and cooling water channel (451) is installed in the core rod (454), and cooling water channel connects cooling water pipe (8); Core rod fixes through last fixed cover (455) and upper mounted plate (43), under core rod, is equipped with core rod cover (456), and the outer stripper sleeve (457) that is equipped with of core rod cover has core rod cover (458) in the core rod cover; In the core rod cover core rod (459) is installed, said charging ram (46) is gone up roller (461) is installed, and at the guide rail (462) of upper rack mounting cam formula, guide rail contacts with roller; The charging ram outer wall is installed return spring (463), and return spring contacts with cope match-plate pattern (42), and contiguous block (464) is installed in the charging ram bottom, and contiguous block and stripper sleeve (457) outer wall fixes; Open pore (453) on the wall of said stripper sleeve (457), pore connect gas and chew (452), feed compressed air during gas is chewed, and the roller (461) of bottle cap through charging ram (46) of moulding cooperates with guide rail (462) and fall into movable cover dish (32) in the patrix (45); Said movable cover dish one side connects the defeated slideway (12) that cover, and the defeated slideway other end of cover connects the ring-cutting machine structure, said ring-cutting machine structure be included in frame (1) upward installation cut annulate shaft (6), cut annulate shaft by synchronous motor (7) driven rotary; Cutting installation knife rest fixed head (61) and chieftain's fixed head (62) on the annulate shaft, knife rest (63) is installed on the knife rest fixed head, blade (64) is installed on the knife rest; Chieftain's fixed head is gone up fixedly chieftain (65) at chieftain's fixed head (62) through cutting annulate shaft (6) driven rotary, and the chieftain is covered the bottle cap that slideway (12) transports and matched with failing; Said insulation dehumidification system comprises the outer muff (81) that is provided with of the cooling water pipe (8) of patrix (45), goes up in frame (1) air-cooler (82) is installed, and the blowing mouth of air-cooler (82) is facing to the mould pressing lid maker structure.
2. a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that seal cover (333) outer wall of said scraper (33) is installed sealing ring (330), and sealing ring contacts with the inwall of cylinder-shaped body (331).
3. a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that upward installation block (34) of said movable cover dish (32), and block contacts with the moulding bottle cap.
4. a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with in the said extrusion mechanism smelt gear pump (225).
5. a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said insulation dehumidification system also comprises air curtain (83), and air curtain is on the frame between mould pressing lid maker structure and the extrusion mechanism (1).
6. a kind of equipment of extruding mold pressing processing plastic bottle cap as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that said synchronous motor (7) is a frequency control motor; First synchronous pulley (73) and second synchronous pulley (74) are set on the motor shaft of frequency control motor (72); Spindle rotary wheel (76) is set on the described main shaft (4); By first band (77) transmission synchronously, described second synchronous pulley (74) is installed driven gear (712) through second driven shaft (711) of band (710) drive synchronously on the driven shaft between first synchronous pulley (73) and spindle rotary wheel (76); Material runner (79) is scraped in the driven gear drive, scrapes the material runner and scrapes charging tray (31) through scraping material axle (3) drive.
CN201210352490.2A 2012-09-21 2012-09-21 Equipment for processing plastic bottle cap by extrusion compression molding CN102837412B (en)

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CN103302770A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-18 永高股份有限公司 Cooling mechanism for threaded shaft of water feeding pipe die
CN103660115A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 李清意 Fully automatic bottle cap pressing machine
CN104339514A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-02-11 绍兴县皇冠机械有限公司 Feeding and discharging device of bottle cover moulding press for preventing bottom covers from jumping
CN104441557A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 镇江中化聚氨酯工业设备有限公司 Macromolecular resin continuous extrusion device with automatic detection function
CN104647670A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 广州晶品包装机械有限公司 Low-pressure assembling and high-pressure molding device for lid maker
CN104647667A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 广州晶品包装机械有限公司 Die-pressing lid maker
CN104924565A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-23 王娟 Hopper used for plastic extruder
CN106142419A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 德清县冠利包装材料有限公司 A kind of multi-funcitonal bottle top molding apparatus
EP3150355A1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-04-05 Dong Guan Jin Fu Industry Co., Ltd A symphony cap press molding equipment
WO2018095062A1 (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-31 华南理工大学 Method and device for batched compression molding of rubber and plastic products by means of multiple mold cavities
CN111229557A (en) * 2019-03-19 2020-06-05 义乌市易开盖实业公司 Scraping and blanking device and method for twist cover
CN111421787A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-07-17 胜利油田新大管业科技发展有限责任公司 Base plate production system and base plate production process

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CN103302770B (en) * 2013-06-19 2015-10-14 永高股份有限公司 The cooling means of feedwater pipe fitting mold thread spindle
CN103302770A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-18 永高股份有限公司 Cooling mechanism for threaded shaft of water feeding pipe die
CN103660115A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 李清意 Fully automatic bottle cap pressing machine
CN104339514A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-02-11 绍兴县皇冠机械有限公司 Feeding and discharging device of bottle cover moulding press for preventing bottom covers from jumping
CN104441557A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 镇江中化聚氨酯工业设备有限公司 Macromolecular resin continuous extrusion device with automatic detection function
CN104647670A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 广州晶品包装机械有限公司 Low-pressure assembling and high-pressure molding device for lid maker
CN104647667A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 广州晶品包装机械有限公司 Die-pressing lid maker
CN104924565A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-23 王娟 Hopper used for plastic extruder
EP3150355A1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-04-05 Dong Guan Jin Fu Industry Co., Ltd A symphony cap press molding equipment
CN106142419B (en) * 2016-08-23 2018-07-06 德清县冠利包装材料有限公司 A kind of multi-funcitonal bottle top molding apparatus
CN106142419A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 德清县冠利包装材料有限公司 A kind of multi-funcitonal bottle top molding apparatus
WO2018095062A1 (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-31 华南理工大学 Method and device for batched compression molding of rubber and plastic products by means of multiple mold cavities
RU2722663C1 (en) * 2016-11-22 2020-06-02 Саус Чайна Юниверсити Оф Текнолоджи Method and device for compressed compression moulding of articles from rubber and plastic in multi-seat moulds
CN111229557A (en) * 2019-03-19 2020-06-05 义乌市易开盖实业公司 Scraping and blanking device and method for twist cover
CN111421787A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-07-17 胜利油田新大管业科技发展有限责任公司 Base plate production system and base plate production process
CN111421787B (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-08 胜利油田新大管业科技发展有限责任公司 Base plate production system and base plate production process

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