CN102828614B - Building template system capable of being quickly detached and installed and installation method thereof - Google Patents

Building template system capable of being quickly detached and installed and installation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102828614B
CN102828614B CN201210327169.9A CN201210327169A CN102828614B CN 102828614 B CN102828614 B CN 102828614B CN 201210327169 A CN201210327169 A CN 201210327169A CN 102828614 B CN102828614 B CN 102828614B
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China
Prior art keywords
column
seat
gripper shoe
joist
corner trim
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CN201210327169.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102828614A (en
Inventor
沈海晏
周金
金小龙
钟建都
王新鹏
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深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210327169.9A priority Critical patent/CN102828614B/en
Publication of CN102828614A publication Critical patent/CN102828614A/en
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Publication of CN102828614B publication Critical patent/CN102828614B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a building template system capable of being quickly detached and installed and an installation method of the building template system. The building template system comprises a flat template 1, a support plate 4, a vertical column 3, an internal corner module 5 and an external corner module 6. The vertical column 3 is detachably connected with the support plate 4; the flat template 1 is spliced with the support plate 4 to form a beam bottom module and a slab module; and a beam bottom module pedestal 2 or a vertical column support beam pedestal 13 are arranged on the vertical column 3. When the beam bottom module pedestal 2 is arranged on the vertical column 3, the building template system further comprises a support beam 9; the internal corner module 5 is provided with a support beam pedestal of the internal corner module; the support beam 9 is arranged on the support beam pedestal of the internal corner module and the vertical column support beam pedestal 13; and the support beam pedestal of the internal corner module is detachably connected with the internal corner module 5. The building template system capable of being quickly detached and installed provided by the invention can integrate the technology of the traditional template 1, can be convenient to detach and install, and can be applied to the standard layers and the non-standard layers at the same time.

Description

The construction formwork system of fast demountable and mounting method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to construction formwork system, more particularly, relate to a kind of construction formwork system and mounting method thereof of fast demountable.

Background technology

In building construction formwork technology, great majority adopt the full hall of steel pipe to set up support, bracing members frame arranges flitch, flitch re-lays the Conventional processing methods that the material in situ such as clamping plate make assembling, its advantage is flexible, can make arbitrarily shaping according to the difference of building structure, but adopts this technique time-consuming, high to operator's technical requirements, flat die plate makes quality and is not easy to ensure.

Also there is aluminium horizontal template system at present, the whole component and fitting of this flat die plate system, at produce in factory, assembles at the construction field (site), and this flat die plate assembly quality is good, relative traditional handicraft, saving of work and time, and material all can reclaim and reuses, but cost is slightly high, the component and fitting that a whole set of system is formed is more, be applicable to typical floor, not general with wooden flat die plate, be not suitable for non-standard layers and building structure change place.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, provides a kind of flat die plate technique that can be compatible traditional, is applicable to construction formwork system and the mounting method thereof of the fast demountable of typical floor and non-standard layers simultaneously.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: construct a kind of quickly assembled and disassembled construction formwork system, comprise flat die plate, gripper shoe, column, inner corner trim mould and external corner mould, described column and described gripper shoe removably connect, described flat die plate and gripper shoe are spliced to form beam bottom board and building slab, described column is provided with beam bottom board seat or column joist seat, when described column being arranged beam bottom board seat, described beam bottom board is placed on described beam bottom board seat, and described beam bottom board seat is detachably fixed on column; When described column being arranged column joist seat, described construction formwork system also comprises joist, described inner corner trim mould is provided with inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, described joist is placed on described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and column joist seat, described column, inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, column joist seat and described joist form support system, described beam bottom board and building slab are mated formation on described joist, and described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and described inner corner trim mould removably connect.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, the bearing that described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat comprises bracing frame and can slide along support frame as described above, support frame as described above is installed in described inner corner trim mould, support frame as described above is provided with block and a lower block, a described upper block is close to the medial surface of described inner corner trim mould, a described lower block is close to the inner bottom surface of described inner corner trim mould, and described joist is placed on described bearing.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, the cross section of described inner corner trim mould is " C " shape.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described column joist seat is detachably fixed on column.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described beam bottom board seat is "T"-shaped.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described column joist seat is provided with stretching structure.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described gripper shoe and flat die plate are all hollow, and described flat die plate and gripper shoe four sides are provided with connecting hole.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, in the junction of described gripper shoe and flat die plate, the junction of flat die plate and flat die plate, two described connecting hole outers are laminatings.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described column top is provided with contiguous block, and described contiguous block inserts in described gripper shoe, and four sides of described gripper shoe inside are close in four sides of described contiguous block.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described column is provided with stretching structure.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described column is provided with floor.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described gripper shoe is provided with sleeve pipe, and described sleeve pipe coordinates with described column grafting.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, the cross section of described external corner mould is " L " shape.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, described external corner mould be fixed on the both sides flat die plate that is attached thereto arbitrarily in flat die plate on.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, two adjacent described columns are connected by connecting rod.

In the construction formwork system of above-mentioned fast demountable, when described column being arranged column joist seat, described flat die plate is the flitch be placed on described joist and the clamping plate be laid on described flitch.

Present invention also offers a kind of mounting method of construction formwork system, comprise the following steps:

S1, column is installed column joist seat, and is connected by connecting rod by many root posts, composition space truss structure;

S2, mats formation on column joist seat by joist;

S3, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;

S4, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;

S5, inner corner trim mould is installed inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, and joist of mating formation on inner corner trim die shoe beam seat;

S6, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;

S7, assembling reinforcement;

S8, fluid concrete;

S9, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;

S10, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.

Present invention also offers the mounting method of another construction formwork system, comprise the following steps:

S1, mounting rail bed die seat or column joist seat on column, and many root posts are connected by connecting rod, composition space truss structure;

S2, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;

S3, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;

S4, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;

S5, assembling reinforcement;

S6, fluid concrete;

S7, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;

S8, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.

Implement construction formwork system and the mounting method thereof of fast demountable of the present invention, there is following beneficial effect: beam bottom board and building slab can be spliced by multiple flat die plate and gripper shoe, different sizes can be combined into according to actual needs, by the height of adjusting post or the height of column adjustable support plate selecting differing heights, therefore various difform building structure is gone for, universal standard layer and non-standard layers.Select joist or beam bottom board seat supports according to beam bottom board and building slab, under the prerequisite ensureing support strength, improve economy, joist is supported by column joist seat and inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, easy accessibility.After concrete casting process completes, retain column and gripper shoe, top flat die plate, vertical flat die plate, inner corner trim mould and external corner mould can be removed very smoothly, can not be subject to the interference of column, simple and convenient.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the construction formwork system of fast demountable;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another angle of construction formwork system of fast demountable;

Fig. 3 is structural representation when column being arranged beam bottom board seat;

Fig. 4 is structural representation when column being arranged column joist seat;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of inner corner trim die shoe beam seat;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of external corner mould;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of flat die plate;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of gripper shoe;

Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of column by connecting rod composition trussed construction;

Figure 10 is the structural representation after the construction formwork system of fast demountable is installed;

Figure 11 is the structural representation after the construction formwork system of fast demountable is built.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to there be understanding clearly to technical characteristic of the present invention, object and effect, now contrast accompanying drawing and describe the specific embodiment of the present invention in detail.

As Figure 1-Figure 11, the construction formwork system of fast demountable of the present invention comprises flat die plate 1, gripper shoe 4, column 3, inner corner trim mould 5 and external corner mould 6.

Flat die plate 1 and gripper shoe 4 are spliced to form beam bottom board and building slab, and column 3 and gripper shoe 4 removably connect, and play the effect of support.In the present embodiment, gripper shoe 4 and flat die plate 1 are all hollow, gripper shoe 4 and flat die plate 1 can be made up of materials such as aluminium alloyss, and flat die plate 1 and gripper shoe 4 four sides are provided with connecting hole 7, combine and realize the connectors such as bearing pin, bolt, nut by connecting hole 7 and realize removably connecting of flat die plate 1 and gripper shoe 4.In order to avoid connector is subject to flexural stress, in gripper shoe 4 and the junction of flat die plate 1 and the junction of flat die plate 1 and flat die plate 1, the outer of two connecting holes 7 is laminatings, and concrete by arranging boss at connecting hole 7 place, can ensure that two connecting holes 7 are fitted.Inner corner trim mould 5 and external corner mould 6 are respectively used to shaping wall, beam, the inner corner trim at hole and external corner, and inner corner trim mould 5 and external corner mould 6 also serve the effect of connection simultaneously.External corner mould 6 can be independent parts, also can be one-body molded with flat die plate 1, or is permanently affixed on the flat die plate 1 that is attached thereto.

Column 3 can be arranged beam bottom board seat 2 or column joist seat 13.

When column 3 being arranged beam bottom board seat 2, the beam bottom board seat 2 in the present embodiment is "T"-shaped, and beam bottom board is placed on beam bottom board seat 2, and beam bottom board seat 2 is detachably fixed on column 3.When the column 3 of beam bottom board and building slab support span less time, the demand that namely beam bottom board seat 2 can meet support is set.

When column 3 being arranged column joist seat 13, column joist seat 13 is provided with stretching structure, is convenient to regulate height.Construction formwork system also comprises joist 9.Inner corner trim mould 5 is provided with inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, and joist 9 is placed on inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and column joist seat 13.Column 3, inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, column joist seat 13 and joist 9 form support system, and beam bottom board and building slab are mated formation on joist 9.By arranging joist 9 brace summer bed die and building slab, ensure the stability of whole construction formwork system.Inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and inner corner trim mould 5 removably connect, and are convenient to dismounting.

The present invention can be combined into beam bottom board and the building slab of different sizes according to actual needs, by the height of adjusting post 3 or the height of column 3 adjustable support plate 4 selecting differing heights, therefore go for various difform building structure, be common to typical floor and non-standard layers.Column 3 in the construction formwork system of fast demountable of the present invention can be fixed in fixed bed 17, and as shown in Figure 10, the effect after having built as shown in figure 11.After the casting process of concrete 18 completes, retain column 3 and gripper shoe 4, flat die plate 1, inner corner trim mould 5 and external corner mould 6 can be removed very smoothly, can not be subject to the interference of column 3, simple and convenient.

As shown in Figure 5, further, inner corner trim die shoe beam seat comprises bracing frame 8 and the bearing 10 that can slide along bracing frame 8.Bracing frame 8 and inner corner trim mould 5 removably connect, and the bracing frame 8 in the present embodiment is installed in inner corner trim mould 5.Concrete, bracing frame 8 is provided with block 11 and a lower block 12, and the cross section of the inner corner trim mould 5 in the present embodiment is " C " shape, above props up the medial surface that block 11 is close to inner corner trim mould 5, and a lower block 12 is close to the inner bottom surface of described inner corner trim mould 5.By the support of lower block 12, ensure that bracing frame 8 can not depart from inner corner trim mould 5.A upper block 11 does not contact with the inner top surface of inner corner trim mould 5, therefore can rotate a block 11, when a lower block 12 departs from inner corner trim mould 5, just can take off whole bracing frame 8, and the process of installation and removal is all very simple, and without the need to using securing member.The end of joist 9 is placed in bearing 10, because bearing 10 can slide along bracing frame 8, therefore can regulate the height of joist 9 position, thus is applicable to the top flat die plate 1 of differing heights.

Further, column 3 is provided with stretching structure, conveniently regulates height.The implementation of stretching structure has multiple, and the loop bar that such as can be coordinated by sliding sleeve is realized.Column 3 is also provided with floor 15, can improves intensity, floor 15 is provided with installing hole simultaneously, convenient connection.Many root posts 3 can be connected by connecting rod 14, composition space truss structure, as shown in Figure 9.

As shown in Figure 8, further, gripper shoe 4 is provided with sleeve pipe 16, and sleeve pipe 16 coordinates with column 3 grafting, easy accessibility.

Further, column 3 top is provided with contiguous block, and contiguous block inserts in gripper shoe 4, and four sides of gripper shoe 4 inside are close in four sides of contiguous block, realizes removably connecting of column 3 and gripper shoe 4, support firm, simultaneously easy accessibility by contiguous block.

Further, when arranging joist 9, flat die plate 1 also can substitute with flitch and clamping plate, and wherein flitch is placed on joist 9, and clamping plate are laid on flitch, the hybrid precast template system of composition aluminium alloys and wooden model.

Present invention also offers the mounting method of above-mentioned construction formwork system.

When column is provided with column joist seat, mounting method comprises the following steps:

S1, column is installed column joist seat, and is connected by connecting rod by many root posts, composition space truss structure;

S2, mats formation on column joist seat by joist;

S3, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;

S4, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;

S5, inner corner trim mould is installed inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, and joist of mating formation on inner corner trim die shoe beam seat;

S6, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;

S7, assembling reinforcement;

S8, fluid concrete;

S9, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;

S10, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.

When column is provided with beam bottom board seat, mounting method comprises the following steps:

S1, mounting rail bed die seat or column joist seat on column, and many root posts are connected by connecting rod, composition space truss structure;

S2, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;

S3, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;

S4, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;

S5, assembling reinforcement;

S6, fluid concrete;

S7, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;

S8, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.

By reference to the accompanying drawings embodiments of the invention are described above; but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned detailed description of the invention; above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only schematic; instead of it is restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present invention; do not departing under the ambit that present inventive concept and claim protect, also can make a lot of form, these all belong within protection of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. the construction formwork system of a fast demountable, comprise flat die plate (1), gripper shoe (4), column (3), inner corner trim mould (5) and external corner mould (6), described column (3) and described gripper shoe (4) removably connect, described flat die plate (1) and gripper shoe (4) are spliced to form beam bottom board and building slab, it is characterized in that
Described column (3) is provided with beam bottom board seat (2) or column joist seat (13),
When described column (3) being arranged beam bottom board seat (2), described beam bottom board is placed on described beam bottom board seat (2), and described beam bottom board seat (2) is detachably fixed on column (3);
When described column (3) being arranged column joist seat (13), described construction formwork system also comprises joist (9), described inner corner trim mould (5) is provided with inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, described joist (9) is placed on described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and column joist seat (13), described column (3), inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, column joist seat (13) and described joist (9) form support system, described beam bottom board and building slab are mated formation on described joist (9), and described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat and described inner corner trim mould (5) removably connect;
The bearing (10) that described inner corner trim die shoe beam seat comprises bracing frame (8) and can slide along support frame as described above (8), support frame as described above (8) is installed in described inner corner trim mould (5), support frame as described above (8) is provided with block (11) and a lower block (12), a described upper block (11) is close to the medial surface of described inner corner trim mould (5), a described lower block (12) is close to the inner bottom surface of described inner corner trim mould (5), and described joist (9) is placed on described bearing (10);
Described column joist seat (13) is detachably fixed on column (3);
Described gripper shoe (4) and flat die plate (1) are all hollow, and described flat die plate (1) and gripper shoe (4) four sides are provided with connecting hole (7), and connecting hole (7) place arranges boss; In the junction of described gripper shoe (4) and flat die plate (1), the junction of flat die plate (1) and flat die plate (1), two described connecting hole (7) outers are laminatings.
2. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the cross section of described inner corner trim mould (5) is " C " shape.
3. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described beam bottom board seat (2) is for "T"-shaped.
4. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described column joist seat (13) is provided with stretching structure.
5. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described column (3) top is provided with contiguous block, described contiguous block inserts in described gripper shoe (4), and four inner sides of described gripper shoe (4) are close in four sides of described contiguous block.
6. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described column (3) is provided with stretching structure.
7. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described column (3) is provided with floor (15).
8. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described gripper shoe (4) is provided with sleeve pipe (16), and described sleeve pipe (16) coordinates with described column (3) grafting.
9. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the cross section of described external corner mould (6) is " L " shape.
10. the construction formwork system of fast demountable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described external corner mould (6) be fixed on the both sides flat die plate (1) that is attached thereto arbitrarily in flat die plate (1) on.
The construction formwork system of 11. fast demountables according to claim 1, is characterized in that, two adjacent described columns (3) are connected by connecting rod (14).
The construction formwork system of 12. fast demountables according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when described column (3) being arranged column joist seat (13), described flat die plate (1) is the flitch be placed on described joist (9) and the clamping plate be laid on described flitch.
The mounting method of the construction formwork system of 13. fast demountables according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
S1, column is installed column joist seat, and is connected by connecting rod by many root posts, composition space truss structure;
S2, mats formation on column joist seat by joist;
S3, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;
S4, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;
S5, inner corner trim mould is installed inner corner trim die shoe beam seat, and joist of mating formation on inner corner trim die shoe beam seat;
S6, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on joist, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;
S7, assembling reinforcement;
S8, fluid concrete;
S9, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;
S10, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.
The mounting method of the construction formwork system of 14. fast demountables according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
S1, mounting rail bed die seat or column joist seat on column, and many root posts are connected by connecting rod, composition space truss structure;
S2, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation beam bottom board;
S3, installs external corner mould and inner corner trim mould;
S4, by the formwork erection of gripper shoe peace on beam bottom board seat, and is connected gripper shoe with column, installation building slab;
S5, assembling reinforcement;
S6, fluid concrete;
S7, concrete strength reaches removes part flat die plate intensity, removes the flat die plate except gripper shoe;
S8, concrete strength reaches the intensity of removing whole flat die plate, removes gripper shoe and column.
CN201210327169.9A 2012-09-06 2012-09-06 Building template system capable of being quickly detached and installed and installation method thereof CN102828614B (en)

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CN104234411B (en) * 2013-06-21 2017-03-15 深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司 Beam slab aluminum alloy mould plate structural system
CN104533077B (en) * 2014-12-17 2016-08-17 中国建筑股份有限公司 A kind of scalable platform in hydraulic climbing formwork support body and preparation method thereof
CN104533078B (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-07-20 浙江展诚建设集团股份有限公司 Mark time tooth raft formula from fissure of displacement template system
CN105298117B (en) * 2015-09-23 2017-11-21 中国建筑股份有限公司 The attachment means of girder support member
CN106049859B (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-05-29 晟通科技集团有限公司 Floor template system and with mould method

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