CN102818376A - Solar-electric automatic switching water heater - Google Patents

Solar-electric automatic switching water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102818376A
CN102818376A CN2012103081317A CN201210308131A CN102818376A CN 102818376 A CN102818376 A CN 102818376A CN 2012103081317 A CN2012103081317 A CN 2012103081317A CN 201210308131 A CN201210308131 A CN 201210308131A CN 102818376 A CN102818376 A CN 102818376A
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water
solar
storage tank
electric heater
control panel
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CN2012103081317A
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CN102818376B (en
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向文斌
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar-electric automatic switching water heater, and belongs to the technical field of water heaters. The solar-electric automatic switching water heater comprises a solar water heater, an electric water heater and a water storage tank. A water outlet of the solar water heater and a water outlet of the electric water heater are connected with a water inlet of the water storage tank; a buoyancy water level sensor and a constant-temperature control probe are arranged in the water storage tank and are electrically connected with an electric water heater control panel; a water outlet of the water storage tank is connected to a water saving system by a flow sensor and a booster pump sequentially; the booster pump is sequentially electrically connected with a time delay unit and a control panel; the flow sensor is electrically connected with the control panel; a pressure gauge with an electric contact and a pressure release valve are arranged on the top of the water storage tank and are electrically connected with the control panel; and a safety valve is disposed on the top of the water storage tank. The solar-electric automatic switching water heater is simple in structure, convenient to use and low in cost, and is power-saving, water-saving, safe and reliable.

Description

The automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy
Technical field
The present invention relates to water heater, especially solar energy and EWH belong to technical field of water heaters.
Background technology
At present, solar water heater receives the restriction in season and area, can not satisfy the requirement of using hot water at any time; Its moisture storage capacity is few in addition, can not satisfy use amount when water consumption is big, and water or water consumption be not more after a little while; After heat energy reached boiling point, hot water can only directly discharge, and caused the waste of water; Perhaps the water source valve is closed in manual work when water not.Also have and use the solar water heater of electric energy as stand-by power source, it adopts the electric heating tube heating, and shortcoming is that rate of heat exchange is low, and heat-generating pipe is prone to electric leakage when burning out and personal injury accident takes place.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above, the present invention provides a kind of solar energy-electric energy automatic transition heat hydrophone.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy comprises solar water heater, electric heater and storage tank; Solar water heater delivery port, electric heater delivery port are connected with the storage tank water inlet; Be provided with buoyancy level sensor, constant temperature temperature probe in the storage tank, itself and electric heater control panel electrically connect; The storage tank delivery port is connected with the electric heater water inlet through circulating electromagnetic valve; Circulating electromagnetic valve and electric heater control panel electrically connect; The storage tank delivery port successively connection traffic sensor, booster pump to water-saving system; Booster pump electrically connects with delayer, control panel successively, and flow sensor and control panel electrically connect; The storage tank top is provided with electro connecting pressure gauge and relief valve, electrically connects with control panel; The storage tank top is provided with safety valve.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, simple in structure, easy to use, with low cost, energy-saving and water-saving, safe and reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a general structure sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 structural representations among Fig. 1.
Parts and numbering among the figure:
The 1-storage tank, 2-solar water heater, 3-electric heater, 4-solar water heater inlet mouth, 5-electric heater water inlet, 6-solar water heater delivery port; 7-electric heater delivery port, 8-storage tank water inlet, 9-storage tank delivery port, 10-electro connecting pressure gauge, 11-relief valve, 12-safety valve; 13-buoyancy level sensor, 14-level sensor, 15-water level display, 16-constant temperature temperature probe, 17-storage of solar energy space, 18-electric heater storage area; 19-inspection socket, 20-circulating electromagnetic valve, 21-flow sensor, 22-control panel, 23-booster pump, 24-delayer; 25-combination tap, 26-four-way check-valves, 27-cooling water inlet, 28-non-return valve, 29-solar panel; The 30-solar storage battery, 31-solar water heater control panel, 32-solar water heater temperature control probe, 33-solar water heater safety valve, 34-solar water heater normally close valve; 35-solar water heater inspection socket, 36-manually service valves, 37-solar water heater non-return valve, 38-electromagnetic induction heat exchanger, 39-electric heater flow sensor; 40-water proportioning valve, 41-electric heater booster pump, 42-electric heater delayer, 43-electric heater control panel, 44-electric heater holding wire; 45-power panel, 46-electric heater water inlet temperature probe, 47-electric heater water outlet temperature probe, 48-holding wire, 49-electric heater non-return valve; 50-water-saving system, 51-solar energy heat exchanger, 52-electromagnetic induction higher temperature line, 53-metal bar, 54-straight nail.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Referring to Fig. 1-, the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy comprises solar water heater 2, electric heater 3 and storage tank 1; Solar water heater delivery port 6, electric heater delivery port 7 are connected with storage tank water inlet 8; Be provided with buoyancy level sensor 13, constant temperature temperature probe 16 in the storage tank 1, itself and electric heater control panel 43 electrically connect; Storage tank delivery port 9 is connected with electric heater water inlet 5 through circulating electromagnetic valve 20; Circulating electromagnetic valve 20 electrically connects with electric heater control panel 43; Storage tank delivery port 9 connection traffic sensor 21, booster pump 23 successively arrives water-saving system 50; Booster pump 23 electrically connects with delayer 24, control panel 22 successively, and flow sensor 21 electrically connects with control panel; Storage tank 1 top is provided with electro connecting pressure gauge 10 and relief valve 11, electrically connects with control panel 22; Storage tank 1 top is provided with safety valve 12.
Be provided with level sensor 14 in the storage tank 1, it connects with water level display 15.The convenient water level of observing.
Water-saving system 50 is made up of non-return valve 28, four-way check-valves 26, and booster pump 23 outlets are connected with combination tap 25, cooling water inlet 27 through non-return valve 28, four-way check-valves 26.Reach the purpose of water saving.
Solar water heater 2 comprises solar energy heat exchanger 51, solar panel 29, solar storage battery 30; Solar storage battery 30 electrically connects with solar water heater control panel 31; Solar energy heat exchanger 51 is provided with solar water heater temperature control probe 32, and itself and solar water heater control panel 31 electrically connect.
Electric heater 3 comprises electric heater flow sensor 39, water proportioning valve 40, electric heater booster pump 41, the electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 that connects successively; Electric heater booster pump 41 electrically connects with electric heater delayer 42; Electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 electrically connects with power panel 45; Electric heater flow sensor 39, water proportioning valve 40, power panel 5 electrically connect with electric heater control panel 43.
Referring to Fig. 2, electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 is the cylindrical shape insulator, and electromagnetic induction higher temperature line 52 is twined on its surface; Its built-in metal rod 53 is covered with straight nail 54 on the metal bar 53.Improve rate of heat exchange.
Booster pump 23 backs of storage tank 1 back connect non-return valve 28, are connected with cooling water inlet 27 through four-way check-valves 26; Flow sensor 21 is controlled by control panel 22 with delayer 24.
Relief valve 11 is controlled by control panel 22 with electro connecting pressure gauge 10; Safety valve 12 is by the pressure control in storage of solar energy space 17 in the storage tank 1; Water level display 15 is by level sensor 14 and control panel 22 controls; Buoyancy level sensor 13 is by electric heater storage area 18 and 43 controls of electric heater control panel, and constant temperature temperature probe 16 is controlled by electric heater control panel 43 with circulating electromagnetic valve 20.
Electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 is by power panel 45 controls; Electric heater booster pump 41 is by 42 controls of electric heater delayer; Water proportioning valve 40 is by electric heater water outlet temperature probe 47 and 43 controls of electric heater control panel; Power panel 45 controls are by 43 controls of electric heater control panel; Electric heater control panel 43 is by electric heater flow sensor 39 and 47 controls of electric heater water outlet temperature probe.
Be connected with solar water heater normally close valve 34 before the solar water heater delivery port 6, by solar water heater control panel 31 and 32 controls of solar water heater temperature control probe; Solar water heater control panel 31 is by solar storage battery 30 controls; Solar storage battery 30 is by solar panel 29 controls; When solar water heater 2 pressure are excessive, act on solar water heater safety valve 33, reach safety, balanced action; When solar water heater 2 water reduce, act on solar water heater inlet mouth 4 automatic water supplements.Control solar water heater normally close valve 34 and open by setting temperature, let hot water flow to storage tank water inlet 8 and preferentially use, reach purpose of energy saving with storage of solar energy space 17 from solar water heater delivery port 6.
Solar water heater inlet mouth 4 places are provided with solar water heater non-return valve 37, stop the refluence of water.Be provided with manual service valve 36 before the solar water heater delivery port 6, when solar water heater normally close valve 34 broke down and overhauls, valve was controlled the break-make of current thus.Solar energy heat exchanger 51 outlets are provided with solar water heater inspection socket 35; Storage tank delivery port 9 places are provided with inspection socket 19; When maintenance, use.Electric heater water inlet temperature probe 46 transmits signal by holding wire 48 to electric heater control panel 43.Electric heater control panel 43 is through electric heater holding wire 44 control power panels 45.
During the beginning water; Earlier combination tap 25 being opened several seconds closes again; Act on the flow of storage tank delivery port 9, act on flow sensor 21 work, the low current of the mobile generation 1-12V through water; 22 work of start-up control plate, control panel 22 act on booster pump 23, delayer 24 work; The cold water that booster pump 23 acts in the hot water pipeline gets into cooling water inlet 27 (intercommunication between the cold water pipe) through four-way check-valves 26; Cold water in the cooling water inlet 27 flows to and carries out heat exchange once more in the electric heater water inlet 5.Delayer 24 reaches setting-up time forces control panel 22 and booster pump 23 to quit work; Open combination tap 25 this moment, can flow out hot water, and water-saving result is obvious.
When buoyancy level sensor 13 is lower than self-position.Auto-closing acts on 43 startups of electric heater control panel, electric heater flow sensor 39 flow, acts on electric heater booster pump 41 simultaneously and starts; Electric heater control panel 43 acts on power panel 45 and 38 work of electromagnetic induction heat exchanger; Electric heater goes out electric heater water outlet temperature probe 47 and acts on electric heater control panel 43, and the discharge of control water proportioning valve 40 is big or small, reaches the purpose of constant temperature; This moment, hot water flowed to storage tank water inlet 8 through electric heater delivery port 7, got into electric heater heating storage area 18, and when buoyancy level sensor 13 was higher than self water level, the cut-off signal line quit work system, reaches energy-saving effect.
When constant temperature temperature probe 16 is lower than design temperature, act on 43 work of electric heater control panel, circulating electromagnetic valve 20 is opened, at this moment electric heater 3 overall operation; When reaching design temperature, circulating electromagnetic valve 20 closures, electric heater 3 quits work.
Storage tank 1 also is applicable to all kinds of energy-conservation heating systems and all kinds of new energy resources system; Solar water heater 2 is applicable to roof large tracts of land polyphone, can provide the each household storage tank to use.
Electromagnetic induction heat exchanger 38 adopts the insulating materials cylinder to twine higher temperature line, and built-in circular metal rod has the circular single spike heat exchange metal material of 360 degree, and magnetic induction and Dan Ding more are prone to receive, and improve the efficient that electric energy converts heat energy into, reach more energy-saving effect.
Solar water heater 2 is an enclosed construction, has increased pressure, makes hot water flow to storage of solar energy space 17 sooner, and the direct current of solar water heater safety valve 33 and 24V can make the relieved use of solar water heater 2 safety.
The electro connecting pressure gauge 10 that storage tank 1 is installed, relief valve 11, safety valve 12 can guarantee security of system, and the buoyancy level sensor of installation 13 and storage of solar energy space 17, constant temperature temperature probe 16 and circulating electromagnetic valve 20, flow sensor 21 and control panel 22, booster pump 23, delayer 24 are more energy-conservation; Level sensor 14 comes into plain view the storage water level with water level display 15.

Claims (6)

1. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy comprises solar water heater (2), electric heater (3) and storage tank (1); It is characterized in that solar water heater delivery port (6), electric heater delivery port (7) are connected with storage tank water inlet (8); Be provided with buoyancy level sensor (13), constant temperature temperature probe (16) in the storage tank (1), itself and electric heater control panel (43) electrically connect; Storage tank delivery port (9) is connected with electric heater water inlet (5) through circulating electromagnetic valve (20); Circulating electromagnetic valve (20) electrically connects with electric heater control panel (43); Storage tank delivery port (9) connection traffic sensor (21), booster pump (23) successively arrives water-saving system (50); Booster pump (23) electrically connects with delayer (24), control panel (22) successively, and flow sensor (21) electrically connects with control panel; Storage tank (1) top is provided with electro connecting pressure gauge (10) and relief valve (11), electrically connects with control panel (22); Storage tank (1) top is provided with safety valve (12).
2. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with level sensor (14) in the described storage tank (1), and it connects with water level display (15).
3. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Described water-saving system (50) is made up of non-return valve (28), four-way check-valves (26), and booster pump (23) outlet is connected with combination tap (25), cooling water inlet (27) through non-return valve (28), four-way check-valves (26).
4. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar water heater (2) comprises solar energy heat exchanger (51), solar panel (29), solar storage battery (30); Solar storage battery (30) electrically connects with solar water heater control panel (31); Solar energy heat exchanger (51) is provided with solar water heater temperature control probe (32), and itself and solar water heater control panel (31) electrically connect.
5. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar energy-electric energy according to claim 1; It is characterized in that described electric heater (3) comprises electric heater flow sensor (39), water proportioning valve (40), electric heater booster pump (41), the electromagnetic induction heat exchanger (38) that connects successively; Electric heater booster pump (41) electrically connects with electric heater delayer (42); Electromagnetic induction heat exchanger (38) electrically connects with power panel (45); Electric heater flow sensor (39), water proportioning valve (40), power panel (45) electrically connect with electric heater control panel (43).
6. the automatic transition heat hydrophone of solar-electrical energy according to claim 5 is characterized in that described electromagnetic induction heat exchanger (38) is the cylindrical shape insulator, and electromagnetic induction higher temperature line (52) is twined on its surface; Its built-in metal rod (53) is covered with straight nail (54) on the metal bar (53).
CN201210308131.7A 2012-08-27 2012-08-27 Solar-electric automatic switching water heater Expired - Fee Related CN102818376B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103090442A (en) * 2013-02-18 2013-05-08 洛阳万山高新技术应用工程有限公司 Environment-friendly energy-saving heating system
CN103423891A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-04 苏州开来新能源有限公司 Control device capable of switching solar water heater with other water heaters
CN103629831A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 王强 Split-type non-load-bearing forced internal circulating instant solar water heater capable of being started up through constant voltage
CN104180545A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-12-03 杭州电子科技大学 Water tank and solar water heater combined water level control device
CN106500288A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-03-15 上海应用技术大学 A kind of multipurpose water tank for air conditioning system
CN108106024A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-01 傅皓衍 A kind of dual-purpose water heater of solar energy-electric energy

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2573942Y (en) * 2002-05-16 2003-09-17 于成源 Solar electric water heater
CN2665609Y (en) * 2003-12-19 2004-12-22 上海交通大学 Combined structure of solar water heater and gas or electric water heater
CN2800161Y (en) * 2005-02-24 2006-07-26 黄鸣 Electric water heater coupled with solar water heater
CN201476357U (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-05-19 樊明 Integrated system composed of solar energy heater and electric heater and energy saving comprehensive valve
US20110017201A1 (en) * 2009-07-27 2011-01-27 Liu Yang Simple design to make solar water heating affordable and compatible with conventional water heaters
CN202328819U (en) * 2011-07-23 2012-07-11 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Solar energy-electric water heating system
CN202747642U (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-02-20 向文斌 Water heater with automatic solar-electric energy conversion function

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2573942Y (en) * 2002-05-16 2003-09-17 于成源 Solar electric water heater
CN2665609Y (en) * 2003-12-19 2004-12-22 上海交通大学 Combined structure of solar water heater and gas or electric water heater
CN2800161Y (en) * 2005-02-24 2006-07-26 黄鸣 Electric water heater coupled with solar water heater
US20110017201A1 (en) * 2009-07-27 2011-01-27 Liu Yang Simple design to make solar water heating affordable and compatible with conventional water heaters
CN201476357U (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-05-19 樊明 Integrated system composed of solar energy heater and electric heater and energy saving comprehensive valve
CN202328819U (en) * 2011-07-23 2012-07-11 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Solar energy-electric water heating system
CN202747642U (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-02-20 向文斌 Water heater with automatic solar-electric energy conversion function

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103090442A (en) * 2013-02-18 2013-05-08 洛阳万山高新技术应用工程有限公司 Environment-friendly energy-saving heating system
CN103423891A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-04 苏州开来新能源有限公司 Control device capable of switching solar water heater with other water heaters
CN103423891B (en) * 2013-07-31 2015-10-21 苏州开来新能源有限公司 A kind of solar water heater control device that mutually can switch with other water heater
CN103629831A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-12 王强 Split-type non-load-bearing forced internal circulating instant solar water heater capable of being started up through constant voltage
CN103629831B (en) * 2013-12-02 2016-07-06 王强 Non-pressure split instant heating constant voltage starts forces internal circulation solar energy water heater
CN104180545A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-12-03 杭州电子科技大学 Water tank and solar water heater combined water level control device
CN104180545B (en) * 2014-08-12 2015-11-25 杭州电子科技大学 A kind of water tank and solar water heater associating water-level control apparatus
CN106500288A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-03-15 上海应用技术大学 A kind of multipurpose water tank for air conditioning system
CN108106024A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-01 傅皓衍 A kind of dual-purpose water heater of solar energy-electric energy

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