CN102765570B - Separating hook device of pull arm vehicle of waste collection station - Google Patents

Separating hook device of pull arm vehicle of waste collection station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102765570B
CN102765570B CN201210274864.3A CN201210274864A CN102765570B CN 102765570 B CN102765570 B CN 102765570B CN 201210274864 A CN201210274864 A CN 201210274864A CN 102765570 B CN102765570 B CN 102765570B
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China
Prior art keywords
hook
arm
roller
compartment
torque arm
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CN201210274864.3A
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CN102765570A (en
Inventor
何洪
任辉
杨德权
黄卫国
农彦
覃启华
严明
罗健
梁挺新
殷俊
廖向辉
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Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
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Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
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Abstract

A separating hook device of a pull arm vehicle of a waste collection station comprises a pull arm, a traction hook, a waste carriage, a gate and a hanging arm, wherein the pull arm is fixed on an automotive chassis. The separating hook device is characterized in that a hook assembly is arranged above the carriage gate, the pull arm is connected with the waste carriage through the hook assembly, and the traction hook of the pull arm is locked in the hanging arm when the pull arm vehicle normally runs. The hook assembly comprises an upper force bearing block, a lower force bearing block, a roller, a locking wrench, a roller seat, an upper guide plate and a hook sliding frame capable of performing stretch-out and draw-back movement laterally, wherein the upper force bearing block, the lower force bearing block and the upper guide plate are fixed in U-shaped plates on the left side and the right side of a carriage front door, the hook sliding frame is installed in a framework constructed by the upper force bearing block, the lower force bearing block and the upper guide plate, and the roller is installed in the roller seat through a roller pin. The separating hook device has the advantages of being simple in structure, convenient to use, flexible in stretching out and drawing back, capable of improving land utilization rate and transport efficiency and the like.

Description

Arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of refuse treatment plant, particularly a kind of arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station.
Background technology
Along with rapid development of economy, the rapid raising of living standards of the people, the continuous quickening of urbanization process, the refuse production in city sharply increases, and adds that refuse landfill is away from urban district, and collect, transport rubbish is relatively stubborn problem of urban sanitation department always.Although existing integrated compression type garbage truck can be collected more quantity of refuse, also there is an obvious drawback, in transportation, the filler device that hangs over rear portion, compartment is idle, increased the weight of the load of cram packer, caused automobile fuel consumption to increase, conveying efficiency reduces.So, the special-purpose torque arm car of unit separated type refuse compressing transferring station demonstrates its preceence further, the special-purpose torque arm car of unit separated type refuse compressing transferring station, by special-purpose torque arm device, rubbish, load the equipment that the parts such as compartment, car chassis form, the Qianmen of torque arm car is used for docking trash compactor filling rubbish, and back door is for dumping rubbish, so, this kind of special-purpose torque arm car compartment is the mode of unloading after rear dress, makes the corresponding increase of floor area of Separated type garbage station.Because unit separated type refuse compressing transferring station is if place this special use torque arm car, transfer point must be offered former and later two doors, and a door is used for loading rubbish, and another door is for docking vehicle carrying rubbish.Change this situation, just rubbish compartment header board must be designed to a Qianmen, before the rubbish delivery of automobile adopts, after dress, unload mode.Comparatively reasonably the applicant's patent on the market at present: (application number is < < arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station > >: 200420076085.3), this arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station comprises torque arm and hook, main shutter, wherein the top of the main shutter in rubbish compartment is welded with hook assembly, torque arm is fixed on car chassis, rubbish compartment lies in torque arm, main shutter collision block is welded in the upper limb of the main shutter that faces hook assembly below, the hauling hook of torque arm is locked in the hook of hook assembly when torque arm car normally travels, when torque arm turner is done, can also get out of the way the main shutter of up-and-down movement, make in transhipment station, the filling of rubbish and delivery can be carried out from same door, device has simple in structure, rotate flexibly, the features such as reliable in action, not only improved the carrying capacity of rubbish, also saved widely the land area of refuse transfer station.
Yet, through finding in use in recent years, there is a larger defect in this arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station: because above patent is only only applicable to the Separated type garbage station compartment of little tonnage, and for large-tonnage Separated type garbage station compartment, because its gate height size is larger, the space of leaving accordingly the hooking device that is arranged on gate top for is just quite limited, and this device needs to realize folding and unfolding by rotation, the required motion space of this process is larger, this device cannot be installed and used on the larger-size Separated type garbage station of gate height compartment, if this device is installed on large-tonnage Separated type garbage station compartment, severable garbage transfer point can only be installed former and later two doors, floor area is thereupon extended.Along with the sharp increase of urban population, urban land is further valuable, and this defect becomes the technical barrier of the industry.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the problem existing for prior art, propose a kind of simple in structure, the arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station that conveying efficiency is high.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
Arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station, comprise torque arm, hauling hook, rubbish compartment, gate and upper arm, torque arm is fixed on car chassis, be characterized in: hook assembly is also installed above compartment gate, torque arm is connected with rubbish compartment by hook assembly, the hauling hook of torque arm is locked in upper arm when torque arm car normally travels, described hook assembly comprises upper and lower force-bearing piece, roller, locking spanner, roller mount, the hook sliding rack of upper guide plate and the elastic motion of energy, upper and lower force-bearing piece and upper guide plate are fixed in the U-shaped plate of left and right, Qianmen, compartment, hook sliding rack is arranged in the framework of upper and lower force-bearing piece and upper guide plate structure, roller is arranged in roller mount by roller bearing pin.
Above-described hook sliding rack, comprises coaming plate and clump weight, and coaming plate is arranged on the both sides of upper arm, and clump weight is fixed on the rear end of coaming plate.
More than link up with on sliding rack and be provided with locking spanner and front limit piece, front limit piece is fixed on coaming plate, and the front limit of hook sliding rack elastic motion is front limit piece, rear spacingly located by the aft end face of roller mount.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of this Separated type garbage station torque arm car hooking device is:
1. simple in structure, improve land utilization ratio.The present invention is according to the garbage collecting and transferring mode of unloading after front dress, the gate of an energy up-and-down movement has been installed in the place ahead in original compartment, because this hooking device adopts the structure of elastic motion, avoided the up-and-down movement of gate completely, the hook of rubbish torque arm car can not stop the unlatching of compartment front end gate, rubbish packs into from Qianmen at an easy rate, solved in large-tonnage forward-loading and backward-tipping refuse transfer station because main shutter height dimension is larger, in height of wagon direction, headspace is too little, cannot adopt the problem of rotating hanging hook mechanism.Garbage transfer station not only can be loaded rubbish at Qianmen, the automobile compartment that also can carry off the refuse at Qianmen, and like this, refuse transfer station just can be removed a door, the floor area of having saved transfer point.
2. easy to use, flexibly flexible.When waste-skip normally travels, hook assembly moves forward, and the hauling hook of torque arm is locked in upper arm by locking spanner, causes hook sliding rack to be fixed on compartment, and do not slide in front and back when driving; When torque arm car carries out the work in lifting (separation) compartment, hook sliding rack moves backward, has avoided the gate of up-and-down movement, makes in refuse transfer station, and the filling of rubbish and delivery can be carried out from the door of same direction.In use procedure, link up with the flexible of sliding rack and complete by this hooking device, without manpower, participate in.
3. improve conveying efficiency.Because waste-skip end structure changes, gate design, at front end, increases envelope volume, thereby has increased the receipts freight volume of rubbish, has reduced the oil consumption of automobile.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation sketch of this Separated type garbage station torque arm car while normally travelling.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation sketch of this Separated type garbage station torque arm car while unloading.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation sketch at 5 Qianmens, rubbish compartment.
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure simplified schematic diagram that hook assembly 4 amplifies.
Fig. 5 is the left TV structure simplified schematic diagram of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the main-vision surface structural representation sketch of hook sliding rack 10.
Fig. 7 is the face of the overlooking structural representation sketch of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8,9 and 10 is work simplified schematic diagram of hook sliding rack 10.
Component names and sequence number in figure:
Car chassis 1, torque arm 2, hauling hook 3, hook assembly 4, rubbish compartment 5, gate 6, upper force-bearing piece 7, upper arm 8, roller 9, hook sliding rack 10, front limit piece 11, locking spanner 12, roller mount 13, upper guide plate 14, lower force-bearing piece 15, outside jacket plates 16, roller bearing pin 17, coaming plate 18, clump weight 19.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, structure of the present invention is described.
As shown in Fig. 1~5: arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station, comprise car chassis 1, torque arm 2, hauling hook 3, hook assembly 4, rubbish compartment 5, gate 6 and upper arm 8, torque arm 2 is fixed on car chassis 1, hook assembly 4 is arranged on the top of the gate 6 in rubbish compartment 5, torque arm 2 is connected with rubbish compartment 5 by hook assembly 4, the hauling hook 3 of torque arm 2 is locked in upper arm 8 when torque arm car normally travels, and is provided with locking spanner 12 on hook assembly 4;
Described hook assembly 4 comprises force-bearing piece 7, roller 9, hook sliding rack 10, front limit piece 11, locking spanner 12, roller mount 13, upper guide plate 14, lower force-bearing piece 15, outside jacket plates 16 and roller bearing pin 17, upper force-bearing piece 7, lower force-bearing piece 15, roller mount 13 and upper guide plate 14 are arranged in the framework of the U-shaped plate structure about 5 Qianmens, compartment, the top of framework has outside jacket plates 16 fixing, it is middle also as hook sliding rack 10 front and back slip main support parts that roller 9 is arranged on roller mount 13 by roller bearing pin 17, front limit piece 11 is fixed on hook sliding rack 10 tops near the rear side of upper arm 8, hook sliding rack 10 can elasticly move, when torque arm car normally travels, the hauling hook 3 of torque arm 2 is locked in upper arm 8 by locking spanner 12, when torque arm car carries out the work in lifting (separation) compartment, hook sliding rack 10 moves backward.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7: hook sliding rack 10 comprises coaming plate 18 and clump weight 19, and coaming plate 18 is arranged on the both sides of upper arm 8, and clump weight 19 is installed on the rear end of coaming plate 18, on hook sliding rack 10, be provided with front limit piece 11, front limit piece 11 is fixed on coaming plate 18.The front limit that seesaws of hook sliding rack 10 is front limit piece 11, rear spacingly completed by the aft end face of roller mount 13.
The principle of work of hooking device: as shown in Figure 8, hook assembly 4 is normal position during Vehicle Driving Cycle in lifting rubbish compartment and at ordinary times.The hauling hook 3 of torque arm 2 while travelling is locked in upper arm 8; During lifting, link up with sliding rack 10 and be slightly inclined upwardly within the scope of frame gap, the forward end in middle part withstands force-bearing piece 7, and lower force-bearing piece 15 is withstood at rear portion, and then drives the inclination lifting in whole rubbish compartment 5.Before need to entering the station and docking with compressor, special-purpose automobile chassis 1 drives into rubbish compartment 5 in transfer point, on car, torque arm 2 is soon unloaded in rubbish compartment 5, open locking spanner 12, promote hook sliding rack 10, hook sliding rack 10 along the guide rail frame being formed by roller 9 and upper guide plate 14 backward (interior) be contracted to the position (position as shown in Figure 9) of front limit piece 11 restriction, close 12 lockings of locking spanner and link up with sliding racks 10.So far whole hook sliding rack 10 completely backward contractile motion to 5 inside, rubbish compartment, do not affect docking and the unlatching (position as shown in figure 10) of gate 6 of rubbish compartment 5 and compressor.Behind full railway carriage or compartment, rubbish compartment 5, carry out the operation of above inverse process, that is: closed shutter 6, open locking spanner 12, pull (outward) motion forward of hook sliding rack 10, until spacing by roller mount 13 aft end faces, close locking spanner 12 locking hook sliding racks 10, special-use vehicle drives into transfer point, and rubbish railway carriage 5 is lifted on car chassis 1, transports refuse landfill to and topples over.
Embodiment 1
In January, 2012, environmental sanitation station, Nanning City, is used this Separated type garbage station torque arm car hooking device, rubbish compartment 5 is eight tons, its working process is: special-purpose automobile chassis 1 transports rubbish compartment 5 and drives in transfer point, and rubbish compartment 5 is unloaded in torque arm 2, and special-purpose automobile chassis 1 sails out of transfer point.Open the locking spanner 12 of hook sliding rack 10, promote hook sliding rack 10, hook sliding rack 10 is contracted to the position of front limit piece 11 restrictions backward along the guide rail frame consisting of roller 9 and upper guide plate 14, close locking spanner 12, locking hook sliding rack 10, now whole hook sliding rack 10 is contracted in rubbish compartment 5 completely, does not affect docking of rubbish compartment 5 and compressor.Behind full railway carriage or compartment, rubbish compartment 5, closed shutter 6, open locking spanner 12, hook sliding rack 10 moves forward, until spacing by roller mount 13 aft end faces, close locking spanner 12 locking hook sliding racks 10, special-purpose automobile chassis 1 drives into transfer point, and rubbish railway carriage 5 is lifted on car chassis 1, transport south of a city refuse landfill to and topple over.Through having tried out 4 months, garbage collecting and transferring amount has improved 20% than originally, has effectively alleviated the transport pressure of rubbish.

Claims (3)

1. an arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station, comprise torque arm (2), hauling hook (3), rubbish compartment (5), gate (6) and upper arm (8), torque arm (2) is fixed on car chassis (1), it is characterized in that: in compartment gate (6) top, hook assembly (4) is also installed, torque arm (2) is connected with rubbish compartment (5) by hook assembly (4), the hauling hook of torque arm (3) is locked in upper arm (8) when torque arm car normally travels, described hook assembly (4) comprises upper and lower force-bearing piece, roller (9), locking spanner (12), roller mount (13), the hook sliding rack (10) of upper guide plate (14) and the elastic motion of energy, upper and lower force-bearing piece and upper guide plate (14) are fixed in the U template of left and right, Qianmen, compartment (5), hook sliding rack (10) is arranged in the framework of upper and lower force-bearing piece and upper guide plate (14) structure, roller (9) is arranged in roller mount (13) by roller bearing pin (17).
2. according to the arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hook sliding rack (10), comprise coaming plate (18) and clump weight (19), coaming plate (18) is arranged on the both sides of upper arm (8), and clump weight (19) is fixed on the rear end of coaming plate (18).
3. according to the arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: on hook sliding rack (10), be provided with locking spanner (12) and front limit piece (11), front limit piece (11) is fixed on coaming plate (18).
CN201210274864.3A 2012-08-03 2012-08-03 Separating hook device of pull arm vehicle of waste collection station Active CN102765570B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105059795B (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-08-04 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Hook swing span for Separated type garbage station torque arm car
CN111153086B (en) * 2020-03-07 2022-04-01 安徽江田环卫设备股份有限公司 Hook arm and box structure of electric environmental sanitation hook arm vehicle

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996022930A1 (en) * 1995-01-23 1996-08-01 Multilift Oy Method of handling waste, waste handling system and waste container
CN2714476Y (en) * 2004-07-20 2005-08-03 广西壮族自治区南宁专用汽车厂 Arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station
CN201512262U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-06-23 重庆耐德新明和工业有限公司 Locking mechanism between draw arm frame and garbage compartment
CN202765667U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-03-06 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Separating type hook device of hooklift in garbage station

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070138817A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-06-21 Oshkosh Truck Corporation Offset hook

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996022930A1 (en) * 1995-01-23 1996-08-01 Multilift Oy Method of handling waste, waste handling system and waste container
CN2714476Y (en) * 2004-07-20 2005-08-03 广西壮族自治区南宁专用汽车厂 Arm drawing vehicle coupling device of separated type garbage station
CN201512262U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-06-23 重庆耐德新明和工业有限公司 Locking mechanism between draw arm frame and garbage compartment
CN202765667U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-03-06 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Separating type hook device of hooklift in garbage station

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