CN102751307A - Display capable of carrying out transparent and nontransparent conversion - Google Patents

Display capable of carrying out transparent and nontransparent conversion Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102751307A
CN102751307A CN2012102232131A CN201210223213A CN102751307A CN 102751307 A CN102751307 A CN 102751307A CN 2012102232131 A CN2012102232131 A CN 2012102232131A CN 201210223213 A CN201210223213 A CN 201210223213A CN 102751307 A CN102751307 A CN 102751307A
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China
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layer
display
transparent
film
opaque
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CN2012102232131A
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Chinese (zh)
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张婷婷
罗红磊
邱勇
高孝裕
黄秀颀
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昆山工研院新型平板显示技术中心有限公司
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Priority to CN2012102232131A priority Critical patent/CN102751307A/en
Publication of CN102751307A publication Critical patent/CN102751307A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a display capable of carrying out transparent and nontransparent conversion, comprising an array substrate and further comprising a light-dimming thin film, wherein a buffering layer, a polycrystalline silicon layer, a grid electrode, a second insulating layer, a drain source layer, a third insulating layer, an anode, a pixel limiting layer, an organic light-emitting layer, a cathode and a package are arranged on one side face of the array substrate; the light-dimming thin film is arranged on the other side face of the array substrate; and the light-dimming thin film is controlled through a voltage adjusting module, so that the display can carry out the transparent and nontransparent conversion and requirements of a customer are met.

Description

—种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器 - kind of conversion may be opaque and transparent display

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及有机发光显示器技术领域,特别涉及一种可在两种模式下显示的显示器。 [0001] The present invention relates to an organic light emitting display technology, and particularly relates to an display in both display modes.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 透明显示是下一代显示技术的发展趋势,它应用广泛,可以用在手机,笔记本,显示器,橱窗等。 [0002] The transparent display is a next-generation display technology trends, it is widely used, can be used in mobile phones, laptops, monitors, windows and so on.

[0003] 如图I所示,为一种透明有源矩阵有机发光显示器的像素结构示意图,其可分为两个区域,第一个区域为显示区,第二个区域为透光区4,所述的显示区由R子像素1,G子像素2,B子像素3构成,用于负责显示这个像素的颜色和灰阶。 [0003] As shown in FIG I, illustrate a pixel structure of a transparent active matrix organic light emitting display, which can be divided into two regions, a first region of the display region, the second region 4 of the light-transmitting region, the display area 1, G sub-pixel 2, B sub-pixels 3 is composed of sub-pixels R, is responsible for displaying the color of the pixel and gray. 所示的透光区4没有挡光的金属层,可以让背景光透过。 The light-transmitting region is not shown in the metal light-blocking layer allows the background light.

[0004] 如图2所示,为一种透明有机发光显示器的剖面图。 [0004] As shown in FIG 2, as a clear cross-sectional view of an organic light emitting display. 其包括阵列基板5、缓冲层6、多晶硅层7、第一绝缘层8、栅极9、第二绝缘层10、源漏层11、第三绝缘层12、阳极13、像素限定层14、有机发光层15、阴极16及封装17,其中,19是有机发光显示器子像素发出的光,18是背景光透射过来的光,所以,透明显示既可以显示图像,又可以透过显示器看到对面的物体。 5 which includes an array substrate, a buffer layer 6, the polysilicon layer 7, a first insulating layer 8, a gate 9, the second insulating layer 10, the source-drain layer 11, the third insulating layer 12, an anode 13, a pixel defining layer 14, an organic emitting layer 15, cathode 16 and packaging 17, wherein the organic light emitting display light 19 is emitted from a sub-pixel, the light transmission over 18 background light, therefore, the transparent display may be a display image, and can be seen through the display in the opposite object. 该显示器的制作步骤如下: The display fabrication steps as follows:

[0005] 首先在阵列基板5 (玻璃等)上依次沉积一缓冲层6,通常为氮化硅、氧化硅等材料,接着继续沉积一半导体层,一般为非晶硅层(a-Si)。 [0005] sequentially depositing a first buffer layer 5 on the array substrate (glass) 6, typically of silicon nitride, silicon oxide material, followed by deposition of a semiconductor layer is continued, typically an amorphous silicon layer (a-Si). 对非晶硅层采用准分子激光退火(ELA)、固相晶化(SPC)或金属诱导结晶(MIC)等方法,将其转化成多晶硅层(PS i)。 Amorphous silicon layer using an excimer laser annealing (ELA), solid phase crystallization (SPC), or a metal induced crystallization (MIC) method and the like, converted into a polysilicon layer (PS i). 然后采用光刻的方法,在多晶硅层7上形成硅岛。 Then using photolithography process, silicon islands are formed on the polysilicon layer 7. 接着,采用化学气相沉积(CVD)的方法,在硅岛和未被覆盖的缓冲层上沉积栅绝缘层8。 Next, using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of silicon island on the buffer layer and the uncovered gate insulating layer 8 is deposited. 接着,在栅绝缘层上溅射第一金属层,采用光刻的方法分别形成开关TFT和驱动TFT的栅极9,接着采用CVD的方法形成层间绝缘层10。 Subsequently, sputtering a first metal layer on the gate insulating layer, a gate electrode using a photolithography process, respectively the switching TFT and the driving TFT 9 is formed, using a CVD method and then the interlayer insulating layer 10 is formed. 在TFT栅极两侧采用光刻的方法在删绝缘层和层间绝缘层上形成接触。 The photolithography method is formed on both sides of the TFT gate contact on the insulating layer and the interlayer insulating layer puncturing. 在层间绝缘层上沉积源漏层11,并采用光刻的方法形成图形。 The method of deposition source and drain layer 11, is formed by photolithography and pattern on the interlayer insulating layer. 其中,TFT的源漏极通过接触孔与多晶硅层电气连接,接着,采用CVD的方法沉积钝化绝缘层12。 Wherein the drain of the TFT via a contact hole with the polysilicon layer electrically, and then, using the CVD method of depositing a passivation insulating layer 12. 采用光刻的方法,在TFT的漏极处形成接触孔。 By a photolithography method, a contact hole is formed at the drain of the TFT. 接着采用溅射的方法,形成一阳极电极层,并采用光刻的方法,形成OLED发光单元的阳极层13,透明阳极层通过接触孔与TFT的漏极电气连接。 Then a sputtering method, forming an anode electrode layer, and a method using photolithography, the light emitting element OLED is formed of the anode layer 13, a transparent anode layer electrically connected to the drain of the TFT through a contact hole. 接着,在阵列基板表面涂布光刻胶,并采用曝光显影的方法,形成发光单元的像素限定层14。 Next, the photoresist coated on the surface of the substrate in the array, and the method of exposure and development, forming a pixel defining layer 14 of the light emitting unit.

[0006] 接着,用蒸镀的方法在阳极上形成有机发光层15和阴极16。 [0006] Next, a vapor deposition method for forming the organic light emitting layer 15 on the anode 16 and the cathode. 封装17可以采用蒸镀的方法,也可以采用粘合玻璃的封装盖的方法来做封装。 Package 17 may be employed vapor deposition method, the adhesion method of encapsulating a glass cover may be used to do the package.

[0007] 但是,透明显示的优点有时也可看作他的缺点,比如用在显示器上,对面的人会很清晰的看到你的表情,动作,私密性不好等,同时,业界也研发出一种可进行透光不透光显示的显示器,这种显示器是通过选择液晶盒来实现的,但由于液晶盒制作成本过高和盒厚过厚,又存在液晶响应速度慢及大型化等问题,制作出的产品无论从价格,产品性能,外观的美观度都不能满足客户需要。 [0007] However, the advantages of the transparent display may also be seen as his shortcomings, such as used in the display, the opposite will clearly see your facial expressions, movements, privacy is not good and so on, while the industry has also developed carried out an opaque light-transmissive display displays that by selecting the liquid crystal cell is achieved, but the high production costs because the liquid crystal cell and the cell thickness is too thick, the liquid crystal response is slow and there are large and the like problems, make the products in terms of price, product performance, aesthetics appearance can not meet customer needs.

[0008] 同时,现有技术的显示器均是外接电源,十分耗电,也不符合现行的节约环保的要、求。 [0008] Also, prior art displays are an external power supply, power consumption is not in line with the current environmental conservation to be seeking.

[0009] 因此,如何将上述技术问题加以解决,设计一种能满足客户需要的显示器,即为本领域技术人员的研究方向所在。 [0009] Therefore, how to solve the above technical problem, design a display to meet customer needs, is the research skilled in the art lies.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的主要目的是提供一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其通过设置一调光薄膜,该调光薄膜通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器进行透明不透明转换。 [0010] The main object of the present invention is to provide a transparent display opaque conversion, by setting a light control film, the film dimming by adjusting a voltage control module, so that the display conversion transparent opaque.

[0011] 本发明的次一目的是提供一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其通过在显示器上装设有透明太阳能电池薄膜,可用于实现对显示器自供电。 [0011] Another objective of the present invention is to provide a transparent opaque conversion display, a solar cell by a transparent film coat on the display, the display can be used to implement self-powered.

[0012] 为了达到上述目的,本发明提供一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其包括:一阵列基板,在所述的阵列基板的一侧面上设有缓冲层、多晶硅层、第一绝缘层、栅极、第二绝缘层、源漏层、第三绝缘层、阳极、像素限定层、有机发光层、阴极及封装,,其特征在于,还包括一调光薄膜,其设置于阵列基板的另一侧面上,所述的调光薄膜通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器进行透明不透明转换。 [0012] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a transparent opaque conversion display, comprising: an array substrate, a buffer layer is provided on one side of the array substrate, the polycrystalline silicon layer, a first insulating layer , a gate, a second insulating layer, source and drain layer, a third insulating layer, the anode, the pixel defining layer, the organic light emitting layer, a cathode and packaging ,, characterized by further comprising a dimmer film which is provided on the array substrate, on the other side, the dimming film by adjusting a voltage control module, so that the display conversion transparent opaque.

[0013] 较佳的实施方式,所述的调光薄膜由两张聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜及一矩阵树脂构成,所述的矩阵树脂夹在所述聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜中间。 [0013] In preferred embodiments, the dimming terephthalate film and a film formed of two polyethylene resin matrix, said matrix resin is sandwiched between the polyethylene terephthalate an intermediate film.

[0014] 较佳的实施方式,所述的聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜涂布有透明导电层。 [0014] In preferred embodiments, polyethylene terephthalate film coated with the transparent conductive layer ester.

[0015] 较佳的实施方式,所述的矩阵树脂内散布密封有配向粒子的微胶囊。 [0015] In preferred embodiments, interspersed within the resin matrix is ​​sealed with the microcapsule particles.

[0016] 较佳的实施方式,所述的调光薄膜由两层塑胶型高分子膜及高分子颗粒构成,所述的两层塑胶型高分子膜之间夹有所述的高分子颗粒。 [0016] preferred embodiment, the dimmer film consists of two layers of plastic film and polymer type polymer particles, polymer particles is sandwiched between two layers of the plastic polymer film according to type.

[0017] 较佳的实施方式,所述的塑胶型高分子膜涂布有透明导电薄膜表层。 [0017] preferred embodiment, the plastic is coated with a polymer film type transparent conductive thin film surface.

[0018] 较佳的实施方式,在所述显示器的发光面或四周装有透明太阳能电池薄膜,用于实现对显示器自供电。 [0018] preferred embodiment, the light-emitting surface of the display or four weeks with a transparent thin film solar cells, displays for enabling self-powered.

[0019] 较佳的实施方式,所述的封装为薄膜封装或封装盖封装。 [0019] In preferred embodiments, the package is a thin film encapsulation package or a package lid.

[0020] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果在于: [0020] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention:

[0021] 本发明具有一调光薄膜,其通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器既可做透明显示,也可做不透明显示,满足客户的需求。 [0021] The present invention has a light control film, by adjusting a voltage control module, so that the display can be displayed transparent, non-transparent display also can meet customer demand.

[0022] 本发明的显示器备有透明太阳能电池薄膜,可以不外接电源,实现自供电,非常节能环保。 Display [0022] The present invention comprises a transparent thin film solar cells, it may not be an external power supply, self-powered and very energy saving.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图I为现有的一种透明有源矩阵有机发光显示器的像素结构示意图; [0023] FIG. I is a schematic view of a conventional active matrix pixel of a transparent organic light emitting display structure;

[0024] 图2为现有的一种透明有机发光显示器的剖面图; [0024] FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a transparent conventional organic light emitting display;

[0025] 图3为本发明可进行透明不透明转换的显示器的剖面图; [0025] FIG 3 a cross-sectional view of a display may be opaque and transparent transition of the present invention;

[0026] 图4为本发明显示器在不透光状态一实施例示意图; [0026] FIG 4 displays the opaque state diagram of a embodiment of the present invention;

[0027] 图5为本发明显示器透光状态一实施例示意图; Schematic diagram of a light transmitting state display embodiment [0027] FIG. 5 of the present invention;

[0028] 图6为本发明显示器在不透光状态另一实施例示意图; [0028] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of the non-transparent state displays the invention;

[0029] 图7为本发明显示器透光状态另一实施例示意图。 [0029] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of a display embodiment of the invention the light-transmitting state.

[0030] 附图标记说明:1_R子像素;2_G子像素;3_B子像素;4_透光区;5_阵列基板;6-缓冲层;7_多晶硅层;8_绝缘层;9_栅极;10-绝缘层;11-源漏层;12-绝缘层;13-阳极;14_像素限定层;15_有机发光层;16_阴极;17_封装;18_背景光透射过来的光;19_是有机发光显示器子像素发出的光;20_调光薄膜;21_太阳能电池薄膜;22-PET薄膜;23_微胶囊;24_矩阵树脂;25_塑胶型高分子膜;26_高分子颗粒。 [0030] REFERENCE NUMERALS: 1_R subpixel; 2_G subpixel; 3_B subpixel; 4_ transmissive region; 5_ array substrate; 6- buffer layer; 7_ polysilicon layer; 8_ insulating layer; 9_ gate ; 10- insulating layer; 11- source-drain layer; 12- insulating layer; 13- anode; 14_ pixel defining layer; 15_ organic light emitting layer; 16_ cathode; 17_ package; 18_ over background light transmitting light; 19_ organic light emitting display light is emitted from a sub-pixel; 20_ dimming films; 21_ film solar cell; 22-PET film; 23_ microcapsules; 24_ matrix resin; type 25-stage plastic polymer film; 26_ high molecular particles.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0031] 以下结合附图,对本发明上述的和另外的技术特征和优点作更详细的说明。 [0031] conjunction with the drawings, the above and other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0032] 本发明是在图2的透明有机发光显示器上进行的改进,如图3所示,为本发明可进行透明不透明转换的显示器的剖面图,其包括: [0032] The present invention is an improvement made on the transparent organic light emitting display of FIG. 2, FIG. 3, the present invention may be a cross-sectional view of a display of opaque and transparent conversion, comprising:

[0033] 一集成了电路和走线的阵列基板5、缓冲层6、多晶硅层7、第一绝缘层8、栅极9、第二绝缘层10、源漏层11、第三绝缘层12、阳极13、像素限定层14、有机发光层15、阴极16及封装17,其中,还包括一调光薄膜20,其设置于阵列基板5的另一侧面上,所述的调光薄膜20通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器进行透明不透明转换。 [0033] an integrated circuit substrate 5 and the array of traces, the buffer layer 6, the polysilicon layer 7, a first insulating layer 8, a gate 9, the second insulating layer 10, the source-drain layer 11, the third insulating layer 12, the anode 13, the pixel defining layer 14, the organic light emitting layer 15, cathode 16 and package 17, which further comprises a light control film 20, which is disposed on the other side of the array substrate 5, the film 20 through a dimming adjusting a voltage control module, so that the display conversion transparent opaque.

[0034] 如图4及图5所示,分别为本发明显示器在不透光及透光状态的一实施例示意图,其中,上述的调光薄膜20可以是由两张涂布了透明导电层的聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(PET)薄膜22和密封有配向粒子的微胶囊23散布于其中的矩阵树脂24构成,由PET将矩阵树脂夹在中间。 [0034] FIGS. 4 and 5, respectively, a schematic view of a display in an embodiment opaque and the transparent state of the present invention, wherein the dimming film 20 may be a transparent conductive layer coated with two the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film 22 and sealed with the microcapsules dispersed therein 23 particles of the matrix resin 24 constituted by a PET matrix resin sandwich. 如图4所示当不施加电压时粒子不配向,呈不透光状态;如图5所示,当向配向粒子施加交流电压时,粒子就会配向,变为透明状态。 4 when no voltage is applied to the particles unworthy, was opaque state; FIG. 5, when the AC voltage is applied to the particles to the ligand, the particle will alignment, it becomes transparent state. 因此,可进行透明不透明转换。 Thus, the conversion may be opaque and transparent.

[0035] 如图6及图7所示,分别为本发明显示器在不透光及透光状态的另一实施例示意图,上述的调光薄膜20也可以是两层塑胶型高分子膜25,两层塑胶型高分子膜之间夹高分子颗粒26,塑胶型高分子膜25涂有透明导电薄膜表层,所述的透明导电薄膜上设置有可产生均匀电场的条形电极,该条形电极通过导线与一个控制器电连接。 [0035] 6 and 7, respectively, a schematic diagram of another display opaque state and the transparent embodiment of the invention, the above-described light control film 20 may be a type of plastic polymer film layers 25, interposed polymer particles 26, 25 of plastic coated with a polymer film-type transparent conductive thin film surface, is provided with a uniform electric field can be generated on the strip electrodes of the transparent conductive film, the plastic strip between the two electrodes type polymer membrane a controller is electrically connected by a wire. 利用入射光线散射和透射的原理对玻璃透光度进行调节,施加电压呈透明状态;断电呈不透光状态。 Adjusting the glass transmittance using incident ray scattering and transmission principle, the applied voltage was transparent; off state was opaque.

[0036] 本发明在显示器的发光面或四周装有透明太阳能电池薄膜21,用于实现对显示器自供电,此种设计方式是通过太阳能为显示器供电,符合现行的节能环保的需求。 [0036] In the present invention provided with the light emitting surface of the transparent display or four solar cell film 21, for enabling self-powered display, this embodiment is designed to display by solar power, comply with the current energy saving requirements.

[0037] 综上所述,本发明的可进行透明不透明转换的显示器具有如下优点: [0037] In summary, the present invention may be opaque and transparent transition display has the following advantages:

[0038] I、本发明具有一调光薄膜,其通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器既可做透明显示,也可做不透明显示,满足客户的需求。 [0038] I, the present invention has a light control film, by adjusting a voltage control module, so that the display can be displayed transparent, non-transparent display also can meet customer demand.

[0039] 2、该显示器备有透明太阳能电池薄膜,可以不外接电源,实现自供电,非常节能环保。 [0039] 2, the display is provided with a transparent thin film solar cells, it may not be an external power supply, self-powered and very energy saving.

[0040] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,对本发明而言仅仅是说明性的,而非限制性的。 [0040] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, for the present invention are merely illustrative, and not restrictive. 本专业技术人员理解,在本发明权利要求所限定的精神和范围内可对其进行许多改变,修改,甚至等效,但都将落入本发明的保护范围内。 Understood by those skilled in the claims of the invention within the spirit and scope as defined can be many alternatives, modifications, equivalents and even, but will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. 一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其包括:一阵列基板,在所述的阵列基板的一侧面上设有缓冲层、多晶硅层、第一绝缘层、栅极、第二绝缘层、源漏层、第三绝缘层、阳极、像素限定层、有机发光层、阴极及封装,其特征在于,还包括一调光薄膜,其设置于阵列基板的另一侧面上,所述的调光薄膜通过一调整电压模块控制,使显示器进行透明不透明转换。 A conversion may be opaque and transparent display, comprising: an array substrate, on one side of the array substrate is provided with a buffer layer, a polysilicon layer, a first insulating layer, a gate, a second insulating layer, source and drain layer, a third insulating layer, the anode, the pixel defining layer, the organic light emitting layer, a cathode and packaging, characterized by further comprising a dimmer film which is provided on the other side of the array substrate, the dimming a film by adjusting voltage control module, so that the display conversion transparent opaque.
2.根据权利要求I所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的调光薄膜由两张聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜及一矩阵树脂构成,所述的矩阵树脂夹在所述两张聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜中间。 The I according to convert an opaque transparent display, wherein said film comprises two dimming polyethylene terephthalate film and a matrix resin, the claims matrix resin sandwiched between two of said polyethylene terephthalate film intermediate.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯薄膜涂布有透明导电层。 3. A method according to claim 2 conversion may be opaque and transparent display, wherein the polyethylene terephthalate film coated with the transparent conductive layer ester.
4.根据权利要求2或3所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的矩阵树脂内散布密封有配向粒子的微胶囊。 According to claim 2 or claim 3 may be opaque and transparent display conversion, wherein interspersed within the matrix of the sealing resin with the microcapsules to have particles.
5.根据权利要求I所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的调光薄膜由两层塑胶型高分子膜及高分子颗粒构成,所述的两层塑胶型高分子膜之间夹有所述的高分子颗粒。 According to claim I according to convert an opaque transparent display, characterized in that said dimmer film consists of two layers of plastic film and polymer type polymer particles, the two layers of plastic-type of the polymer particles is sandwiched between a polymer film.
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的塑胶型高分子膜涂布有透明导电薄膜表层。 6. A method according to claim 5 may be opaque and transparent display conversion, wherein said polymer film is coated with a plastic-type transparent conductive thin film surface.
7.根据权利要求I所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,在所述显示器的发光面或四周装有透明太阳能电池薄膜,用于实现对显示器自供电。 The I according to convert an opaque transparent display, wherein, in the light emitting surface provided with the display or four transparent thin film solar cells, for enabling self-powered display as claimed in claim.
8.根据权利要求I所述的一种可进行透明不透明转换的显示器,其特征在于,所述的封装为薄膜封装或封装盖封装。 According to one of the claims I may be converted opaque and transparent display, wherein the thin film encapsulation package is a package or a package lid.
CN2012102232131A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Display capable of carrying out transparent and nontransparent conversion CN102751307A (en)

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