CN102700357A - Method for preventing abnormal skidding of wheeled vehicle and emergency device - Google Patents

Method for preventing abnormal skidding of wheeled vehicle and emergency device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102700357A
CN102700357A CN2012101849257A CN201210184925A CN102700357A CN 102700357 A CN102700357 A CN 102700357A CN 2012101849257 A CN2012101849257 A CN 2012101849257A CN 201210184925 A CN201210184925 A CN 201210184925A CN 102700357 A CN102700357 A CN 102700357A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw rod
base plate
tire
wheel
capstan
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012101849257A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付文军
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付文军
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Publication date
Application filed by 付文军 filed Critical 付文军
Priority to CN2012101849257A priority Critical patent/CN102700357A/en
Publication of CN102700357A publication Critical patent/CN102700357A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a method for preventing abnormal skidding of a wheeled vehicle and an emergency device, relates to the technical field of the wheeled vehicle, and is characterized in that when a wheel of the wheeled vehicle skids on a muddy road or an ice-snow pavement, a screw can extend out of the emergency device on the outer side of the hub of the wheel and protrude out of the tire tread of the wheel, so as to change the practical stressed outline structure of the skidding wheel to increase resistance to prevent the abnormal skidding of the wheel, or the screw is kept flush with the tire tread on the grounded side of the tire of the wheel to prevent the side skidding of the tire. Due to the novel method and the emergency device, the carrying efficiency of a vehicle on the ice-snow pavement can be improved by replacing the method of pulling with another vehicle, pushing by people or padding stone below the wheel to move a mired vehicle and replacing an antiskid chain, so that the invention has a very wide application prospect.

Description

Stop unusual method and the emergency facility that slides of wheeled car
Technical field
The present invention relates to the wheeled car technical field; Particularly a kind of emergency facility that when wheeled car meets with muddy highway or ice and snow road tyre skidding, stops vehicle abnormality to slide; This new method and emergency facility have been arranged, and the vehicle that gets into a difficult position can be realized saving oneself.
Background technology
The rolling resistance of wheeled car is little, in means of delivery, obtains using the most widely.And its this advantage has just become weakness when wet and slippery and ice and snow road.In case mire down in mud with regard to have only through the people push away, the mode of pinner piece saves oneself; Sometimes even must have pulling just of other vehicles to extricate oneself from a predicament; Some is trip vehicle even will carry stock to deal with the embarrassment that can't find suitable stone alone; Some overland vehicle is equipped with electric capstan, uses when miring down in mud to deal with, and also be implacable sometimes still owing to needing there is the requirement of fixture in the limited distance;
At ice and snow road, the tire that puts anti-slipping chain has played good effect really when vehicle start and aspect the anti-sideslip, but in normal driving process, anti-slipping chain but provides unnecessary resistance, waste fuel.
Seeing that above-mentioned analysis, traditional wheeled car exists the present situation that needs more external conditions support when meeting with muddy highway to make that the method for comprehensive increase rolling resistance caused wasting two aspect problems of fuel in order to reduce sideslip when people often saved oneself weary art and ice and snow road.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of unusual method and emergency facility that slides of wheeled car that stop; Can overcome wheeled car meets with muddy highway and skids and be difficult to save oneself and ice and snow road causes delivering inefficient problem because of the comprehensive increase rolling resistance of wheel of the use of anti-slipping chain; Employing changes the actual contour structures of putting forth effort of muddy highway slip wheel through screw rod being stretched out the method that is positioned at wheel nave outside emergency facility and makes screw rod exceed tire protector, plays the effect that increases resistance wheel, stops tyre skidding; Employing let the screw rod that stretches out and tire land method that a side tyre surface maintains an equal level; To tilt to direction of slip when vehicle tare when ice and snow road breaks away; Further shrivel tire and make screw rod protrude in tyre surface; Play the effect of stop breakking away, and do not increase additional friction during cruising, realize the efficient of ice and snow road delivery.
Technical scheme of the present invention is following:
For achieving the above object; The technical scheme that the present invention adopted is: in the wheel hub of the wheeled car drive wheel outside the outstanding device that can stretch out towards the tire protector direction more than is installed temporarily, the summit of this outstanding device can be adjusted arbitrarily to being higher than between the tire protector in the land tyre surface of a side of tire maintaining an equal level;
Described a kind of unusual made emergency facility of method that slides of wheeled car that stops comprises tire, wheel hub and axle drive shaft, also comprises both-end screw bolt, nut, base plate, screw rod, worm gear, capstan, dials post, screw rod cover, base plate axle, revolves socket and revolve handle; The wheel hub that one end of said both-end screw bolt will coat tire is fixed on the axle drive shaft of vehicle; Its other end passes the fixed orifice of base plate and uses fixed by nut, and said screw rod cover is fixed on the base plate with center radiation direction, and the screw rod that screws in worm gear is wrapped together; The place, side tooth top that said screw rod cover is positioned at worm gear is window; The side tooth of said worm gear is exposed at the window place of screw rod cover, and said capstan is installed on the base plate axle that is positioned at base plate central authorities, and said group of post is cylindrical; Center with said base plate is that capstan is inboard also to be agreed with the side tooth of worm gear respectively successively mutually across being distributed between circle; The said outside that is positioned at socket capstan of revolving, for being symmetrical set, the said handle that revolves can insert wherein with the capstan center;
Said screw rod cover is provided with negative thread, and screw rod screws in wherein, and screw rod is connected with flexible axle near an end of base plate central authorities, and the other end of said flexible axle is connected with rotatable interface, and flexible axle and rotatable interface are fixed in the draw-in groove;
Flaps can be installed in the upper end that said screw rod stretches out;
The top that said screw rod stretches out can be installed material hardness and protected head greater than the wet and slippery thing in road surface less than normal ground-surface.
Owing to adopted above-mentioned technical scheme, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
The people who is adopted when stranded with existing wheeled car experience muddy highway pushes away, car is dragged and the method for pinner piece is compared, and the present invention has simple, convenient characteristics of saving oneself, and vehicle is gone on a journey alone no longer becomes the assignment of driver's headache; Use anti-slipping chain to compare with existing wheeled car ice and snow road, the present invention has the characteristics that increase lateral resistance that only when vehicle takes place to break away, just get involved, and the resistance when reducing cruising greatly reduces consumption of fuel.
Description of drawings:
1, Fig. 1 for rotating disk type emergency facility of the present invention just, schematic side view;
2, Fig. 2 takes in, uses front elevational schematic for cable type emergency facility of the present invention;
3, Fig. 3 takes in, uses schematic side view for cable type emergency facility of the present invention
4, Fig. 4 is an emergency facility flaps scheme of installation of the present invention.
The figure number explanation:
1, tire, 2, wheel hub, 3, the both-end screw bolt, 4, nut, 5, base plate, 6, screw rod; 7, flaps, 8, flexible axle, 9, rotatable interface, 10, draw-in groove, 11, worm gear, 12, capstan; 13, dial post, 14, the screw rod cover, 15, the base plate axle, 16, revolve, 17, revolve handle socket.
The specific embodiment:
For making technical scheme of the present invention be convenient to understand, the present invention is further described below in conjunction with the specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1; Be rotating disk type emergency facility of the present invention, comprise tire 1, wheel hub 2 and nut 4, also comprise both-end screw bolt 3, base plate 5, screw rod 6, worm gear 11, capstan 12, dial post 13, screw rod cover 14, base plate axle 15, revolve socket 16 and revolve 17; The wheel hub 2 that one end of said both-end screw bolt 3 will coat tire 1 is fixed on the axle drive shaft of vehicle; Its other end passes the fixed orifice of base plate 5 and uses nut 4 fixing, and said screw rod cover 14 is fixed on the base plate 5 with center radiation direction, and the screw rod 6 that screws in worm gear 11 is wrapped together; The place, side tooth top that said screw rod cover 14 is positioned at worm gear 11 is window; The side tooth of said worm gear 11 is exposed at the window place of screw rod cover 14, and said capstan 12 is installed on the base plate axle 15 that is positioned at base plate 5 central authorities, and said group of post 13 is cylindrical; Center with base plate 5 is across being distributed in capstan 12 inboards and agreeing with mutually with the side tooth of worm gear 11 successively respectively between circle; The said outside that is positioned at socket 16 capstan 12 of revolving, for being symmetrical set, said revolving can be inserted 17 wherein with capstan 12 centers.
When vehicle mires down in mud can't roll away from the time; To revolve and be inserted into the revolving an of side drive wheel to 17 clickwise capstan 12 in the socket 16; Screw rod 6 constantly stretches out from 4 screw rod covers 14; Because muddy soil quality is softer, screw rod 6 is screwed out like a cork and, pulls up and revolve 17 until exceeding 5 centimetres of tyre surfaces.Get final product actuating vehicle this moment, and inserting ground-surface screw rod 6 provides very big resistance to drive effect to promote, and just can roll mire away from general this moment; And if can't roll away from, can the screw rod on the opposite side drive wheel 6 also be screwed out or the screw rod 6 of both sides is screwed out fully, roll mire away from easy.After rolling mire away from, left-hand revolution capstan 12 gets final product screw rod 6 cycles.
Embodiment 2:
Be depicted as cable type emergency facility of the present invention like Fig. 2,3, happen winter during ice and snow road, pull out rotatable interface 9 and flexible axle 8; One holds flexible axle 8 another hands clockwise rotates free wrench; At first the land screw rod 6 of a side of tire is screwed out, make it basic fair, and be as the criterion with the length of the screw rod 6 of first back-out with tire protector; Respectively remaining 4 screw rod 6 is screwed out again, rotatable interface 9 and flexible axle 8 are filled in draw-in groove 10; And then get final product actuating vehicle after will screwing out the screw rod on the side drive wheel 6.
Road pavement causes unnecessary damage when working in order to reduce screw rod 6, and its top can be installed material hardness and protected head greater than the wet and slippery thing in road surface less than normal ground-surface.
Embodiment 3:
Be illustrated in figure 4 as the emergency facility that the present invention installs flaps.When heavy-duty vehicle is absorbed in special muddy highway; The screw rod 6 that screws out possibly can't provide enough resistances; Can also flaps 7 be installed in the upper end of screw rod 6, the sectional area of screw rod 6 super larges can provide support power and bigger resistance relatively, so that significantly promote power-handling capability.
Use principle of the present invention is following:
The problem that wheeled car mires down in mud is that rolling resistance is less, adopts the principle that significantly, firmly increases rolling resistance, and drive wheel and the interim alienation of tire profile are carried out the integral structure integration, and the realization vehicle is saved oneself;
Wheeled car meets with ice and snow road and uses anti-slipping chain in the anti-skidding effect of performance, also to increase the resistance of cruising; Exist overall process can't carry out the problem of selectivity control, through discovering, wheeled car can cause the phenomenon that one-sided tire pressure-bearing increases, the tire change is flat when breakking away; Therefore adopt the differentiation measure and only just get involved the principle of on-slip when taking place breakking away; The land tyre surface of a side of summit and the tire of the screw rod that emergency facility stretches out is maintained an equal level, so that emergency facility does not play a role basically during cruising, and have only when sideslip is taken place; The tire side that lands becomes flat and makes screw rod be higher than tyre surface; Then produce powerful lateral slip resistance immediately, and when wheel was adapted to the cruising state, the lateral slip resistance existed no longer then.
The above; Being merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not that the present invention is done any formal and substantial restriction, allly is familiar with the professional and technical personnel; In not breaking away from technical scheme scope of the present invention; The technology contents that is disclosed more than capable of using, and make for example by a little change of the moving operation of M/C power transformation etc., modify the equivalent variations with differentiation, be equivalent embodiment of the present invention; Simultaneously, all foundations essence technology of the present invention all still belongs in the scope of technical scheme of the present invention change, modification and the differentiation of any equivalent variations that above embodiment did.

Claims (5)

1. one kind stops the unusual method of sliding of wheeled car; It is characterized in that: in the wheel hub of the wheeled car drive wheel outside the outstanding device that can stretch out towards the tire protector direction more than is installed temporarily, its summit can be adjusted arbitrarily to being higher than between the tire protector in the land tyre surface of a side of tire maintaining an equal level during use.
2. a kind of unusual made emergency facility of method that slides of wheeled car that stops according to claim 1; Comprise tire, wheel hub and axle drive shaft; It is characterized in that: also comprise both-end screw bolt, nut, base plate, screw rod, worm gear, capstan, dial post, screw rod cover, base plate axle, revolve socket and revolve handle that the wheel hub that one end of said both-end screw bolt will coat tire is fixed on the axle drive shaft of vehicle, its other end passes the fixed orifice of base plate and uses fixed by nut; Said screw rod cover is fixed on the base plate with center radiation direction; The screw rod that screws in worm gear is wrapped together, and the place, side tooth top that said screw rod cover is positioned at worm gear is window, and the side tooth of said worm gear is exposed at the window place of screw rod cover; Said capstan is installed on the base plate axle that is positioned at base plate central authorities; Said group of post is cylindrical, is inboard and agree with the said outside that is positioned at socket capstan of revolving respectively successively mutually with the side tooth of worm gear across being distributed in capstan between circle with the center of said base plate; For being symmetrical set, the said handle that revolves can insert wherein with the capstan center.
3. a kind of unusual made emergency facility of method that slides of wheeled car that stops according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said screw rod cover is provided with negative thread; Screw rod screws in wherein; Screw rod is connected with flexible axle near an end of base plate central authorities, and the other end of said flexible axle is connected with rotatable interface, and flexible axle and rotatable interface are fixed in the draw-in groove.
4. a kind of unusual made emergency facility of method that slides of wheeled car that stops according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: flaps can be installed in the upper end that said screw rod stretches out.
5. a kind of unusual made emergency facility of method that slides of wheeled car that stops according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the top that said screw rod stretches out can be installed material hardness and protected head greater than the wet and slippery thing in road surface less than normal ground-surface.
CN2012101849257A 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Method for preventing abnormal skidding of wheeled vehicle and emergency device Pending CN102700357A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101849257A CN102700357A (en) 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Method for preventing abnormal skidding of wheeled vehicle and emergency device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101849257A CN102700357A (en) 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Method for preventing abnormal skidding of wheeled vehicle and emergency device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014153692A1 (en) * 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 北京路安驰车轮有限公司 New automobile anti-skid wheel hub
WO2017128452A1 (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-08-03 帝善圆农业科技(苏州)有限公司 Escape device provided with remote controller for self-rescue in case of auto tyre being trapped in pit

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228838A (en) * 1977-11-09 1980-10-21 Niveau Ag Device for preventing skidding and for increasing the grip of vehicle wheels on ice and snow
US4909576A (en) * 1986-06-25 1990-03-20 Raffaele Freddo Antiskid device for motor vehicles
CN2054756U (en) * 1989-06-29 1990-03-21 钟海峰 Fastening chain device of automobile anti-skid chain
CN2527470Y (en) * 2001-03-24 2002-12-25 徐会金 Antiskid device for car
CN101249775A (en) * 2008-01-04 2008-08-27 刘智 Automobile wheel anti-theft anti-drift device
CN201179902Y (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-01-14 阚晓峰 Wheeled dual-purpose underpan for high road and cross-country

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228838A (en) * 1977-11-09 1980-10-21 Niveau Ag Device for preventing skidding and for increasing the grip of vehicle wheels on ice and snow
US4909576A (en) * 1986-06-25 1990-03-20 Raffaele Freddo Antiskid device for motor vehicles
CN2054756U (en) * 1989-06-29 1990-03-21 钟海峰 Fastening chain device of automobile anti-skid chain
CN2527470Y (en) * 2001-03-24 2002-12-25 徐会金 Antiskid device for car
CN101249775A (en) * 2008-01-04 2008-08-27 刘智 Automobile wheel anti-theft anti-drift device
CN201179902Y (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-01-14 阚晓峰 Wheeled dual-purpose underpan for high road and cross-country

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014153692A1 (en) * 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 北京路安驰车轮有限公司 New automobile anti-skid wheel hub
WO2017128452A1 (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-08-03 帝善圆农业科技(苏州)有限公司 Escape device provided with remote controller for self-rescue in case of auto tyre being trapped in pit

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Application publication date: 20121003