CN102697475A - Doppler laser OCT (optical coherence tomography) ventriculoscope system - Google Patents

Doppler laser OCT (optical coherence tomography) ventriculoscope system Download PDF

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CN102697475A
CN102697475A CN2012100174748A CN201210017474A CN102697475A CN 102697475 A CN102697475 A CN 102697475A CN 2012100174748 A CN2012100174748 A CN 2012100174748A CN 201210017474 A CN201210017474 A CN 201210017474A CN 102697475 A CN102697475 A CN 102697475A
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oct
data acquisition
acquisition module
laser doppler
laser
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CN2012100174748A
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Chinese (zh)
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乔铁
黄万潮
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广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of medical instruments, and particularly discloses a Doppler laser OCT (optical coherence tomography) ventriculoscope system, which comprises a ventriculoscope, a cold light source main unit and a camera main unit, wherein the cold light source main unit and the camera main unit are connected with the ventriculoscope system. The ventriculoscope is provided with a Doppler laser data acquisition module and an OCT data acquisition module and is connected with a Doppler processing main unit used for analyzing data acquired by the Doppler laser data acquisition module and an OCT processing main unit used for analyzing data acquired by the OCT data acquisition module. Since the Doppler laser data acquisition module and the OCT data acquisition module are integrated on one telescopic head of a combined module and used with the Doppler processing main unit and the OCT processing main unit for processing, more accurate dynamic images and more precise sectional lesion images of blood vessels in cranial cavities and on surfaces of brain tissues can be acquired, and a more precise data support can be supplied for doctors to make diagnosis and treatment.

Description

多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统 Laser Doppler OCT system ventriculoscope

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于医用器械领域,具体涉及一种多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of medical equipment, particularly relates to a laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 脑室镜,是诊断患者脑科病变、评估脑组织功能、提高手术的准确率和成功率的重要医疗器械。 [0002] intraventricular endoscopy, the diagnosis of patients with cerebrovascular disease department, to assess brain function, improve the accuracy and success rate of surgery is an important medical devices.

[0003] 多普勒原理在各个领域都得到广泛应用,工业上利用激光束的多普勒效应,用于测量物体的速度,其精确度高;医学上利用超声波的多普勒效应,观测患者身体状况。 [0003] Doppler principle in various fields have been widely used, the use of Doppler effect of the laser beam in the industry, for measuring the velocity of the object, its high accuracy; Doppler effect of ultrasonic waves on the medicine, the patient observed Physical conditions. 目前多普勒激光技术慢慢也进入医学领域,利用激光的多普勒效应以无创或者微创的方式测量各种组织和器官的微循环血流,除此之外还能做一系列的分析计算,包括微循环的血液动力学变化,以及心脏同步跳动甚至二重脉搏等,做到精密监控的目的。 Currently Doppler laser technology is also slowly into the medical field, using laser Doppler effect in a non-invasive or minimally invasive way to measure blood flow in the microcirculation in various tissues and organs, in addition to a series of analyzes can do calculation, hemodynamic changes include microcirculation, and even heart beat double synchronization pulse, etc., so precise monitoring purposes. · ·

[0004] 同样,OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography,光学相干层析成像技术)利用弱相干光干涉原理,检测被测组织不同深度的背向散射信号,并通过扫描得到组织二维或三维深度结构图像,具有无辐射、非侵入、高分辨率及高探测灵敏度等特点。 [0004] Similarly, OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography, optical coherence tomography) using a weak coherent light interference principles, the measured tissue at different depths detect backscattered signal, and with two or three dimensional tissue image by scanning the deep structure, with no radiation, non-invasive, high-resolution and high detection sensitivity and other characteristics.

[0005] OCT技术已经在眼科检查中得到有效的应用,而介入人体器官内,将OCT技术微型化应用于器官内的病症探查,目前尚没有得到有效的开展。 [0005] OCT technology has been effectively used in eye examinations, intervene in human organs, the disease in the OCT miniaturization technology used in organ probe, is still not been effectively carried out.

[0006] 但目前,在脑室镜中仍然没有很好应用多普勒激光技术和OCT技术。 [0006] However, at present, in ventriculoscope still not well OCT Doppler laser technology and techniques. 如果,脑室镜能够集合多普勒激光技术和OCT技术的优点,将获得脑颅腔内及脑组织的表层血管更加精确的动态图像和更加精细的断层病变图像,进一步提高医生诊断的准确性和治疗的成功率。 If, ventriculoscope can be set and technical advantages of the laser Doppler OCT technology and obtain the cranial cavity of superficial blood vessels and brain tissue more accurate and more precise moving picture tomographic image of the lesion, and further improve the accuracy of diagnosis of the treating physician the success rate.

[0007] 因此,设计一种将多普勒激光技术、OCT技术与脑室镜结合使用的脑室镜系统迫在眉睫。 [0007] Accordingly, the design of a laser Doppler system ventriculoscope technology, the OCT techniques used in conjunction with ventriculoscope imminent.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的在于提供一种多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,集合多普勒激光技术和OCT技术的优点,将获得脑颅腔内及脑组织的表层血管更加精确的动态图像和更加精细的断层病变图像,进一步提高医生诊断的准确性和治疗的成功率。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, a set of laser technology and the advantages of Doppler OCT technology and obtain the cranial cavity of superficial blood vessels and brain tissue more accurate and more dynamic images fine tomographic image of the lesion, to further improve the accuracy and success rate of treatment of physician-diagnosed.

[0009] 为实现上述发明目的,本发明所采用技术方案如下: [0009] In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution employed in the present invention is as follows:

[0010] 一种多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,包括脑室镜、以及与该脑室镜连接的冷光源主机和摄像主机,在所述脑室镜上设置有多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块,在所述脑室镜上还连接有对所述多普勒激光数据采集模块所采集到的数据进行分析处理的多普勒处理主机,在所述脑室镜上还连接有对所述OCT数据采集模块所采集到的数据进行分析处理的OCT处理主机。 [0010] A laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, including intraventricular endoscopy, imaging and cold light source host and a host connected to mirror the ventricle, the ventricle in the mirror is provided with a laser Doppler OCT data and data acquisition module acquisition module, the mirror on the ventricle is also connected to the laser Doppler data collected data acquisition module to perform analysis processing Doppler processing host, also connected to the mirror has the OCT ventricle data acquisition module for analyzing acquired data processing host processing OCT.

[0011] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其多普勒激光数据采集模块包括激光发射端和激光接收端,所述OCT数据采集模块包括棱镜、自聚焦透镜和光纤组织。 [0011] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, which is the laser Doppler data acquisition module includes a laser transmitter and a laser receiver end, the OCT data acquisition module includes a prism, a focusing lens and the optical fiber from the tissue.

[0012] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其多普勒处理主机和OCT处理主机分别连接一台监视器或者分屏共用一台监视器。 [0012] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, which OCT Doppler processing and host processing of the host station are connected to a common monitor or a split-screen monitor.

[0013] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其脑室镜包括有一工作端部、冷光源接头、 数据接头、控制模块、器械通道、进水通道和出水通道;所述多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块设置在脑室镜上,具体是:在所述工作端部的先端部上设置一可伸出与缩回、以及360度旋转的伸缩头,所述多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块就设置在伸缩头内。 [0013] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, which comprises a ventriculoscope working end, cold light source connector, data connector, the control module, the instrument channel, the inlet channel and outlet channel; said Doppler OCT laser data acquisition module and data acquisition module is provided on the mirror ventricles, in particular: a setting and a retracted extendable and retractable head is rotated 360 degrees on the tip portion of the working end portion, the Doppler OCT laser data acquisition module and data acquisition module is set inside the telescopic head.

[0014] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其伸缩头的直径小于等于3毫米。 [0014] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, the diameter of the telescopic head which is 3 mm or less.

[0015] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,在所述工作端部的先端部上还设置有光导纤维、光学镜头、出水口、进水口、以及器械进出口。 [0015] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, on the tip portion of the working end portion is further provided with an optical fiber, an optical lens, a water outlet, water inlet, and equipment import and export.

[0016] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其器械进出口直径大于等于3毫米,所述进水口和出水口直径大于等于I毫米。 [0016] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, which equipment import and export diameter less than 3 mm, the inlet and outlet diameter I mm or greater.

[0017] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其光学镜头采用焦距为I. 5〜3. O毫米的CCD光学镜头,该CCD光学镜头的CCD芯片的成像尺寸小于等于四分之一英寸、有效像素大于等于48万、镜头视场角大于等于100度。 [0017] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, which uses an optical lens focal length I. 5~3. O mm CCD optical lens, the optical lens of the CCD imaging CCD chip size of a quarter or less an inch greater than the effective pixel is equal to 480,000, the lens angle of view is greater than or equal to 100 degrees.

[0018] 所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统中,其工作端部由硬质材料制成,该硬质材料选用医用不锈钢等硬质材料,该硬质工作端部的先端部呈钝型;所述工作端部的直径小于等于10毫米、长度为180〜250毫米。 [0018] The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, the working end is made of a hard material, the hard material such as stainless steel medical selection of a hard material, the hard tip portion of the working end was blunt type; diameter of the working end portion than 10 mm and a length of 180~250 mm.

[0019] 本发明其原理是在内窥镜技术集成多普勒激光模组与OCT模组,使得医生能通过一次手术能同时得到患者患处的多普勒激光图像和OCT图像,一气呵成,减少损伤而得到更加丰富的诊断依据。 [0019] The principle of the present invention is an endoscopic laser Doppler technology integration module and OCT module, such that the doctor can be obtained through an operation simultaneously laser Doppler image and the OCT image of the patient's affected area, one go, to reduce damage and get richer diagnosis. 多普勒激光技术是利用光波的多普勒原理,利用激光束照射并记录反射、透射、散射的光与参考光调频后的数据,来精确地探测血管的血流流速和计算血流流量,多普勒激光技术具有比多普勒超声技术更为精确的测量精度;0CT模组利用光学相干断层扫描技术,进行分辨率以微米水平进行的断层成像,获得精细的断层病变图像。 Laser Doppler technology is the use of optical wave Doppler principle, and recorded with a laser beam reflected, transmitted, scattered light and the reference light frequency modulation data, to accurately detect the blood flow velocity and flow rate calculation vessel, laser Doppler technology more precise accuracy than the Doppler ultrasound technology; 0CT module using optical coherence tomography, the tomographic image resolution for levels of micrometers, to obtain a fine tomographic image of the lesion. 脑颅腔内及脑组织血管及其组织物的血管血流动态图,血流速度图和脑颅腔内及脑组织的断层病变图像等,为医生的诊断提供更为精密精确的数据支持。 Skull cavity and brain blood vessels and blood flow dynamic map, map blood flow velocity and the skull cavity and tomographic images of brain tissue lesions organization was to provide a more precise and accurate data to support the doctor's diagnosis.

[0020] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是: [0020] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0021]多普勒激光测量技术具有比多普勒超声技术更精确的特点,能得到脑颅腔内及脑组织的表层血管更加精确的动态图像;0CT技术利用光学相干断层扫描技术,进行分辨率以微米水平进行的断层成像,获得精细的断层病变图像。 [0021] Laser Doppler ultrasound measurement techniques with more precise than the Doppler characteristics can be obtained in the skull cavity surface blood vessels and brain tissue more precise moving picture; 0CT technology using optical coherence tomography, performs resolution in tomography levels of microns, to obtain a fine tomographic image of the lesion. 两个图像分别或者同时显示在显示器中,可以提高医生诊断患者脑科病变、评估脑组织功能的准确性,进一步提高手术的准确率和成功率。 Two images separately or simultaneously displayed in the display can improve doctors diagnose patients with Brain lesions, evaluate the accuracy of brain tissue function, to further improve the accuracy and success rate of surgery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 此附图说明所提供的图片用来辅助对本发明的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,并不构成对本发明的不当限定,在附图中: [0022] Brief Description of Related provide images to assist a further understanding of the present invention, constitute a part of this application, without unduly limiting the present invention, in the drawings:

[0023] 图I为本发明的系统结构示意图; [0023] The present invention is a system configuration diagram of a schematic diagram I;

[0024] 图2为本发明的脑室镜结构示意图; [0024] FIG ventriculoscope structure 2 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0025] 图3为本发明工作端部的先端部的局部放大结构示意图。 [0025] Figure 3 a partial section of the distal working end an enlarged structural diagram of the present invention. 图示: Icon:

[0026] I、脑室镜 2、冷光源主机[0027] 3、摄像主机 4、多普勒激光处理主机 [0026] I, intraventricular mirror 2, a cold source host [0027] 3, 4 main imaging, laser doppler processing host

[0028] 5、OCT处理主机 6、操作键盘或手持设备 [0028] 5, OCT processing host 6, the keyboard or a handheld device

[0029] 7、多普勒和OCT监视器 8、内窥镜监视器 [0029] 7, and OCT Doppler monitor 8, an endoscope monitor

[0030] 11、工作2而部 12、冷光源接头 [0030] 11, 12 of work portion 2 and the cold light fitting

[0031] 13、数据接头 14、器械通道 [0031] 13, a data connector 14, the instrument channel

[0032] 15、进水通道 16、出水通道 [0032] 15, the inlet passage 16, outlet passage

[0033] 17、控制模块 111、先端部 [0033] 17, the control module 111, the tip portion

[0034] 1111、光导纤维 1112、光学镜头[0035] 1113、器械进出口 1114、进水口 [0034] 1111, optical fiber 1112, optical lenses [0035] 1113, 1114 export apparatus, inlet

[0036] 1115、出水口 1116、伸缩头 [0036] 1115, the outlet 1116, the telescopic head

[0037] 11161、激光发射端 11162、激光接收端 [0037] 11161, 11162 of the laser transmitter, laser receiver end

[0038] 11163、OCT数据采集模块 11164、微型马达 [0038] 11163, OCT data acquisition module 11164, micromotor

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0039] 下面将结合附图以及具体实施方法来详细说明本发明,在本发明的示意性实施及说明用来解释本发明,但并不作为对本发明的限定。 [0039] The present invention will be described in detail, in the exemplary embodiment of the present invention and described for explaining the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments below method.

[0040] 如图I所示,本发明公开的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,主要包括脑室镜I、以及与该脑室镜I连接的冷光源主机2、摄像主机3、多普勒激光处理主机4、0CT处理主机5,当然还包括操作键盘或手持设备6、多普勒和OCT监视器7、以及内窥镜监视器8这些常规的输入输出设备。 [0040] As shown in FIG I, the ventricular OCT Doppler laser mirror system of the present disclosure, including intraventricular mirror I, the host and a cold light mirror attached I 2 ventricles, 3 host imaging, Doppler laser treatment 5 4,0CT host processing host, of course, further comprising the keyboard or hand-held device 6, and OCT Doppler monitor 7, and 8 of these conventional endoscope monitor input and output devices.

[0041] 如图I所示,为了节约资源降低成本,本实施例中多普勒激光处理主机和OCT处理主机共用一台监视器一多普勒和OCT监视器7,通过分屏来显示,当然也可以分别使用不同监视器用于显示。 [0041] FIG I, in order to save resources, reduce cost, embodiment the host treated and the OCT laser Doppler processing hosts use a monitor and a Doppler monitor of the present embodiment 7 OCT, split screen displayed by, course also be used separately for different display monitors.

[0042] 如图2所不,脑室镜I包括工作%5部11、冷光源接头12、数据接头13、控制|旲块17、 器械通道14、进水通道15和出水通道16。 [0042] FIG. 2 is not, comprising a working ventriculoscope I 5 11%, cold light source connector 12, data contacts 13, the control | Dae block 17, the instrument channel 14, inlet passage 15 and outlet passage 16. 其工作端部11由硬质材料制成,该硬质材料选用医用不锈钢等硬质材料。 The working end portion 11 is made of a hard material, the hard material chosen medical hard material such as stainless steel. 该工作端部11的直径小于等于10毫米、长度为180〜250毫米;为了防止损伤粘膜组织,该硬质工作端部的先端部呈钝型,所谓的钝型是相对于头部存在生硬棱角而言,比如圆形、椭圆形、或者其他没有生硬棱角的形状。 The working end portion 11 of a diameter less than or equal to 10 mm and a length of 180~250 mm; in order to prevent damage to mucosal tissue, the hard tip portions of the working end was blunt-type, a so-called blunt head type with respect to the presence of stiff corners terms, such as round, oval, or other shape without corners blunt.

[0043] 图3为本发明的工作端部11的先端部111的局部放大结构示意图,所谓的先端部即是前端部位,其结构具体如图所示: An enlarged schematic view of [0043] the working end 3 of the present invention. FIG. 11 of the distal portion 111, i.e. a so-called front end portion of the tip portion, the specific structure as shown:

[0044] 该先端部111包括光导纤维1111、以及设置于该光导纤维1111上的光学镜头1112、器械进出口1113、进水口1114、出水口1115、以及伸缩头1116,该伸缩头1116包括透明外壳和安装在透明外壳中的激光发射端11161、激光接收端11162、OCT数据采集模块11163、以及微型马达11164。 [0044] The distal portion 111 includes an optical fiber 1111, and the optical fiber 1111 is provided on the optical lens 1112, and export device 1113, inlet 1114, the outlet 1115, and telescopic head 1116, the head 1116 comprises a transparent housing telescoping and a laser mounted in a transparent housing 11161 transmitter, laser receiver terminal 11162, OCT data acquisition module 11163, 11164, and micro-motors. 其中,激光发射端11161和激光接收端11162构成多普勒激光数据采集模块;其中,OCT数据采集模块11163包括常规的包括棱镜、自聚焦透镜和光纤组织等结构;其中,伸缩头1116可在其微型马达11164的作用下可伸出与缩回工作端部11 的端面,也可以360度匀速旋转,以方便观察。 Wherein the laser transmitter and a laser receiver terminal 11161 11162 constituting the laser Doppler data acquisition module; wherein the OCT 11163 include conventional data acquisition module includes a prism, a focusing lens and an optical fiber from the organization structure; wherein the telescopic head 1116 may, in its under the action of micro-motors and a retracted 11164 extendable end surface of the working end portion 11, uniform rotation can be 360 ​​degrees, in order to facilitate the observation. 其中,为了方便使用,伸缩头1116的直径小于等于3毫米,器械进出口1113直径大于等于3毫米,进水口1114和出水口1115直径大于等于I毫米。 Wherein, for convenience, the diameter of the telescopic head 1116 is 3 mm or less, equipment import and export diameter less than 3 mm and 1113, inlet 1114 and outlet 1115 is equal to a diameter greater than I mm. 其中,光学镜头米用焦距为I. 5〜3. O毫米的CCD光学镜头,该CCD光学镜头的CCD芯片的成像尺寸小于等于四分之一英寸、有效像素大于等于48万、镜头视场角大于等于100度。 Wherein the optical lens with a focal length of m I. 5~3. O mm CCD optical lens, the optical lens of the CCD imaging CCD chip size of less than equal to a quarter inch, is greater than the effective pixel is equal to 480,000, the lens angle of view not less than 100 degrees.

[0045] 本发明将多普勒激光模组(多普勒激光数据采集模块)和OCT模组(0CT数据采集模块)在彼此不干扰的情况下,经过微小化的设计处理,集成在位于工作端部11的先端部111上的伸缩头1116上,这个伸缩头1116通过微型电机11164的传动,可以推出工作端部11的端面以外实现工作,非工作阶段经微型电机11164的传动,收回工作端部11端面以内,以作保护之用。 [0045] The laser module of the present invention will be Doppler (Doppler laser data acquisition module) and OCT module (0CT data acquisition module), without interfering with each other, with minor design process, integrated in the working telescoping head 1116 on the distal end portion 111 end portion 11, the telescopic head 1116 via a transmission miniature motor 11164 may be introduced achieved outside the end face of the working end portion 11 of the working, non-working phase via a transmission miniature motor 11164, the recovery of the working end within the end face portion 11, for protection purposes.

[0046] 本发明中的操作键盘或手持设备6,其功能是对多普勒激光主机和OCT处理主机进行控制,对扫描方式和显示方式等进行切换等作用。 [0046] In the present invention, the keyboard or a handheld device 6, which is a function of laser Doppler OCT processing host and the host performs control of the scanning and display mode switching, and other acts. [0047] 本发明中的多普勒激光数据采集模块和多普勒激光处理主机共同作用,多普勒激光处理主机对多普勒数据采集模块采集到的数据进行分析处理,可以测量脑颅腔内及脑组织的血管的微循环血流,全部微循环灌注量,包括毛细血管、微动脉、微静脉和动静脉吻合支,通过计算分析可以监测到微循环的血液动力学变化等高级临床数据。 [0047] In the present invention, a laser Doppler interaction data acquisition module and laser Doppler processing host, the host processing Doppler laser Doppler data acquisition module collected data for analysis, the chamber can be measured cranium and vascular microcirculation blood flow in brain tissue, the entire amount of microcirculation, including capillaries, arterioles, venules, and arteriovenous anastomoses, senior clinical data can be monitored hemodynamic changes in microcirculation such as the calculation and analysis. 所述的多普勒激光处理主机,可以自带有强大的数据库和功能强大的软件测试包,以满足不同科目的医生不同的需要。 The Doppler laser processing host, can comes with a powerful database and powerful software test package, to meet the different needs of different subjects doctors.

[0048] 本发明中的OCT数据采集模块和OCT处理主机共同作用,OCT处理主机对的OCT数据采集模块所采集到的脑颅腔内及脑组织的断层数据并加以处理分析,显示分辨率以微米水平进行的断层图像,并输出到显示器显示。 [0048] In the present invention interacts OCT OCT data acquisition module and the host processing, tomographic data acquisition module OCT OCT data processing host to the cranial cavity and collected and processed brain tissue analysis, display resolution in microns levels of the tomographic image, and outputs it to the display to display.

[0049] 本发明中的脑室镜具备了通用脑室镜的所有光学观察功能,在常规观察进行之中或者之后,可以通过分别或者同时开启多普勒激光处理主机4、0CT处理主机5,启动伸缩头上的多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块进行多普勒激光扫描和OCT断层扫描观察,伸缩头工作期间不干扰脑室镜的常用功能的应用。 [0049] The present invention includes all optical ventriculoscope general observation functional ventricle mirror, in the conventional observation during or after the laser treatment can open the Doppler 4,0CT host processing of the host 5 by separately or simultaneously, starts stretching head laser Doppler OCT data acquisition module and the data acquisition module and the OCT Doppler laser scanning tomography, common functions ventriculoscope application does not interfere with the telescopic head during work.

[0050] 以上对本发明实施例所提供的技术方案进行了详细介绍,本文中应用了具体个例对本发明实施例的原理以及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只适用于帮助理解本发明实施例的原理;同时,对于本领域的一般技术人员,依据本发明实施例,在具体实施方式以及应用范围上均会有改变之处,综上所述,本说明书内容不应理解为对本发明的限制。 Described in detail describes the technical solution provided in [0050] the above embodiment of the present invention herein apply the principle of specific examples of embodiments of the present invention and embodiments are set forth in the above embodiments apply only to aid in understanding the present invention the principles of the embodiment; the same time, those of ordinary skill in the art, according to embodiments of the present invention, may make modifications at specific embodiments and application scope, Therefore, the specification shall not be construed as the present invention limits.

Claims (9)

1. 一种多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,包括脑室镜、以及与该脑室镜连接的冷光源主机和摄像王机,其特征在于: 在所述脑室镜上设置有多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块; 在所述脑室镜上还连接有对所述多普勒激光数据采集模块所采集到的数据进行分析处理的多普勒处理主机; 在所述脑室镜上还连接有对所述OCT数据采集模块所采集到的数据进行分析处理的OCT处理主机。 A laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, including intraventricular mirror, cold light source and imaging the host machine and the king intraventricular mirror connection, characterized in that: in the ventricle mirror is provided with a laser Doppler data acquisition OCT module and data acquisition module; mirror on the ventricle is also connected to the laser Doppler data collected data acquisition module to perform analysis processing Doppler processing host; further connected to the ventricle with a mirror the data collected OCT data acquisition module to perform analysis processing OCT processing host.
2.根据权利要求I所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述多普勒激光数据采集模块包括激光发射端和激光接收端,所述OCT数据采集模块包括棱镜、自聚焦透镜和光纤组织。 Laser according to claim Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system of claim I, wherein: the laser Doppler data acquisition module includes a laser transmitter and a laser receiver end, the data acquisition module includes a prism OCT, from focusing lens and the fiber tissue.
3.根据权利要求I所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述多普勒处理主机和OCT处理主机分别连接一台监视器或者分屏共用一台监视器。 According to claim I of the laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system, characterized in that: the processing of the host and the OCT Doppler processing host is connected to a monitor or a monitor-screen sharing.
4.根据权利要求I至3任一项所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述脑室镜包括有工作端部、冷光源接头、数据接头、控制模块、器械通道、进水通道和出水通道; 所述多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块设置在脑室镜上,具体是:在所述工作端部的先端部上设置一可伸出与缩回、以及360度旋转的伸缩头,所述多普勒激光数据采集模块和OCT数据采集模块就设置在伸缩头内。 According to claim I to a laser Doppler OCT ventriculoscope system according to any one of claim 3, wherein: said mirror comprises a ventricle working end, cold light source connector, data connector, the control module, the instrument channel, inlet passage and the outlet passage; said laser Doppler OCT data acquisition module and the data acquisition module is provided on the mirror ventricles, in particular: a setting extendable and retracted on the tip portion of the working end, and 360 degree rotation of the telescopic head, the laser Doppler OCT data acquisition module and data acquisition module is set inside the telescopic head.
5.根据权利要求4所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述伸缩头的直径小于等于3毫米。 The laser Doppler OCT ventricular lens system according to claim 4, wherein: said retractable head diameter of 3 mm or less.
6.根据权利要求4所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 在所述工作端部的先端部上还设置有光导纤维、光学镜头、出水口、进水口、以及器械进出口。 The laser Doppler OCT ventricular lens system according to claim 4, wherein: the working portion on the tip end portion is further provided with an optical fiber, an optical lens, a water outlet, water inlet, and into the instrument Export.
7.根据权利要求6所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述器械进出口直径大于等于3毫米,所述进水口和出水口直径大于等于I毫米。 7. Laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system according to claim 6, wherein: said instrument Importers diameter greater than or equal to 3 millimeters, the inlet and outlet diameter of not less than I mm.
8.根据权利要求6所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述光学镜头采用焦距为I. 5〜3. 0毫米的CXD光学镜头,该CXD光学镜头的CXD芯片的成像尺寸小于等于四分之一英寸、有效像素大于等于48万、镜头视场角大于等于100度。 The laser Doppler OCT ventricular mirror system according to claim 6, characterized in that: said optical lens with a focal length I. 5~3 0 mm CXD optical lens, the optical lens CXD CXD chip. image size equal to a quarter inch less than, greater than or equal 480,000 effective pixels, the lens angle of view is greater than or equal to 100 degrees.
9.根据权利要求6所述的多普勒激光OCT脑室镜系统,其特征在于: 所述工作端部由硬质材料制成,该硬质工作端部的先端部呈钝型; 所述工作端部的直径小于等于10毫米、长度为180-250毫米。 Laser Doppler OCT ventriculoscope system according to claim 6, wherein: said working end is made of a hard material, the hard tip portion of the working end was blunt-type; the working diameter of the end portion is less than or equal to 10 mm and a length of 180-250 mm.
CN2012100174748A 2012-01-18 2012-01-18 Doppler laser OCT (optical coherence tomography) ventriculoscope system CN102697475A (en)

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