CN1026751C - Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor - Google Patents

Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1026751C
CN1026751C CN 90108150 CN90108150A CN1026751C CN 1026751 C CN1026751 C CN 1026751C CN 90108150 CN90108150 CN 90108150 CN 90108150 A CN90108150 A CN 90108150A CN 1026751 C CN1026751 C CN 1026751C
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material
filler
smokable
cigarette
tobacco
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CN 90108150
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1050491A (en
Inventor
斯蒂芬·沃尔特·雅各布
欧内斯特·G·法里尔
詹姆斯·L·雷斯
杰弗里·S·金特里
加里·R·谢拉
迈克尔·D·香农
理查德·L·莱曼
朗达·F·海登
奥利维亚·D·富里
艾伦·B·诺曼
托马斯·A·佩法蒂
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R·J·雷诺兹烟草公司
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Priority to US07/414,833 priority Critical patent/US5074321A/en
Priority to US07/567,521 priority patent/US5129408A/en
Application filed by R·J·雷诺兹烟草公司 filed Critical R·J·雷诺兹烟草公司
Publication of CN1050491A publication Critical patent/CN1050491A/en
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Publication of CN1026751C publication Critical patent/CN1026751C/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/10Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/12Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of reconstituted tobacco
    • A24B15/14Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of reconstituted tobacco made of tobacco and a binding agent not derived from tobacco
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/10Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/16Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/165Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes comprising as heat source a carbon fuel or an oxidized or thermally degraded carbonaceous fuel, e.g. carbohydrates, cellulosic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
    • A24F47/002Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
    • A24F47/004Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel

Abstract

一种卷烟包括一种包含碳酸钙粉和藻酸盐组成的凝聚基体的可吸填料。 Comprising a smoking comprising calcium carbonate and alginate smokable filler agglomerated matrix composition. 该可吸填料还包含一种粘结剂和一种烟雾形成材料。 The smokable filler material further comprises one binder and an aerosol forming material. 该可吸填料与烟草提取物和/或烟叶混合,和/或该可吸填料与切碎的烟草填料混合。 The smokable filler tobacco extract and / or tobacco mixture and / or mixing the tobacco filler smokable filler and chopped. 用纸质包裹材料卷裹可吸填料形成卷烟。 With a paper wrapping material is wrapped smokable cigarette filler form. 典型的卷烟纸其孔隙率小于5CORESTA单位。 Typical cigarette paper having a porosity of less than 5CORESTA units.

Description

本发明涉及卷烟制品,尤其涉及一种卷烟,当它被燃吸时产生比较低的不完全燃烧产物、低的侧流“焦油”和气味,而且能在FTC吸烟条件下保持阴燃。 The present invention relates to a smoking article, more particularly to a cigarette, to produce a relatively low unburned fuel when it is sucked, a low sidestream "tar" and odor, but also to maintain smolder during FTC smoking conditions.

普通的烟制品,比如卷烟,有一个圆柱形杆状结构,包含一卷可吸填料,比如烟丝(即,切碎的烟草),包在卷烟纸中,从而形成所谓的“可吸烟杆”。 Conventional smoking articles, such as cigarettes, have a cylindrical rod-like structure, comprising a roll of smokable filler material, such as tobacco (i.e., shredded tobacco), wrapped in cigarette paper to form a so-called "smokable rod." 通常,卷烟有一圆柱形过滤元件,它与烟杆端一端相接形成一直线。 Normally, a cigarette has a cylindrical filter element, which is formed in contact with one end of the smokable rod end a straight line. 一般,过滤元件中包含着由衬垫(衬套)包裹着的醋酸纤维束,用一种包头材料(过滤元件包裹材料),使过滤元件的顶端与可吸烟杆相接。 In general, the filter element comprising a wrapped by the liner (liner) cellulose acetate tow, with one tipping material (filter element wrapping materials), so that the top of the filter element is in contact with the smokable rod.

通常,吸烟者点燃卷烟的一端使可吸烟杆烧着而抽烟。 In general, smokers lit end of the cigarette smoke and burning the smokable rod. 这样,烟由点着的可吸材料产生,典型的可吸材料是烟丝。 Thus, smoke generated by a lit smokable material is a smokable material typically is tobacco. 然后,吸烟者抽吸卷烟的另一端(如,过滤元件的一端)此时就有主烟流(如,烟草燃烧的主烟流)进入他/她的口中。 Then, the other end of the suction cigarette smoker (e.g., one end of the filter element) In this case there mainstream smoke (e.g., mainstream smoke of burning tobacco) into his / her mouth. 这样,吸烟者得到抽烟的愉快(如,烟的滋味、感觉、满足感及其他快感)。 In this way, the smoker to get smoking pleasure (eg, smoke taste, feel, satisfaction and other pleasure).

卷烟燃烧时,也同时产生侧流烟。 When the cigarette burning, sidestream smoke is generated simultaneously. 侧流烟是指直接从卷烟的燃烧端进入大气的烟。 Sidestream smoke refers to smoke into the atmosphere from the lit end of the cigarette. 侧流烟扩散到大气中,它的特有的可见性质和气味,使有些人感到不快。 Sidestream smoke diffuses into the atmosphere, its characteristic visible nature and odor, so that some people feel unpleasant. 燃烧卷烟时所产生的侧流烟的相对量与燃烧卷烟时所产生的侧流“焦油”的量有关。 "Tar" the relative amount of sidestream smoke produced by burning cigarette when the cigarette produced by the combustion side of the relevant flow. 典型的市售燃烧烟丝的卷烟,其长度约84mm(如,烟杆长约57mm,过滤元件长约27mm),通常每根卷烟产生约25至约35mg侧流“焦油”。 Typical commercially available tobacco burning cigarette, a length of about 84mm (e.g., about 57mm tobacco stems, the filter element is about 27mm), generally from about 25 per cigarette to about 35mg produce sidestream "tar." 测定卷烟的侧流“焦油”的设备和技术,可参看Proctor等人的Analyst,Vol.113,P.1509(1988)。 Lateral flow assay cigarette "tar" equipment and technology can be found in the Proctor et al., Analyst, Vol.113, P.1509 (1988).

人们提出了许多据说只产生相当低的可见侧流烟的卷烟。 Many allegedly been proposed to produce only relatively low visible sidestream smoke cigarette. 例如授予Luke的4,637,410号美国专利,以及Baker等人的4,624,268,Baker的4,407,308,Cline等人的4,231,377,Cline的4,420,002,Owe的4,450,847,Martin的4,108,151,Cline的4,225,636,Cline的4,433,697,Mathews等人的4,461,311和授予Guess的4,561,454号美国专利等。 For example 4,231,377, Cline Luke grant of 4,420,002 US Patent No. 4,637,410, and Baker et al 4,624,268, Baker's 4,407,308, Cline et al. Owe of 4,450,847, Martin's 4,108,151, Cline's 4,225,636, Cline's 4,433,697, Mathews et al, 4,461,311 and 4,561,454 granted to the Guess No. US patents.

近年来已提出了许多种改变主流烟成分的方法。 In recent years, many methods have been proposed to change the mainstream smoke constituents. 例如人们提出了许多烟草代用品,Rainer等人的美国专利No.4,079,742中列举了很多这种代用品。 For example, people made many tobacco substitutes, Rainer et al. US Patent No.4,079,742 listed a number of such substitutes. 另外,70年代时欧洲引入了商品名为Cytrel和NSM的烟草代用材料。 In addition, the introduction of Europe's 70 commodity called Cytrel tobacco substitute material and the NSM.

很多参考文献提出了能产生带香味的和/或可见的烟雾的制品。 Many references made to produce flavored and / or visible aerosol articles. 这些制品中大多数利用可燃烧的燃料源来产生烟雾,和/或加热烟雾形成材料。 Most of these articles to produce smoke, and / or heating the aerosol forming material using a combustible fuel source. 在此,可参看Banerjee等人的美国专利4,714,082号中所引用的作为发明背景的已有技术。 Here, the reference prior art Banerjee et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,714,082 cited as background of the invention.

授予Banerjee等人的No.4,714,082,Clearman等人的No.4,756,318和Sensabaugh,Jr.等人的No.4,793,365美国专利中描述了一些烟制品,它们通过加热而不必点燃烟草而能给人以抽烟的快感,并且不会产生很多不完全燃烧产物。 U.S. Patent No.4,793,365 to Banerjee et al. No.4,714,082, Clearman et al No.4,756,318 and Sensabaugh, Jr. Et al describes some of the smoking article, by which heating without igniting tobacco smoke and to give people pleasure and does not produce a lot of products of incomplete combustion. 这些烟制品用一个可燃燃料元件产生热量,烟雾形成材料与燃料元件离开一定距离但能与它发生热交换。 The smoking article with a combustible fuel to generate heat element, the fuel element and the aerosol forming material but at a distance from it and the heat exchange can occur. 使用时,燃料元件产生的热量使烟雾形成材料挥发,从而得到类似烟草燃烧的烟的烟雾。 In use, the heat generated by the fuel element that the volatilized aerosol forming material, to thereby obtain a similar tobacco smoke of burning tobacco. 这种烟制品产生极少的侧流烟和很低的FTC“焦油”。 Such smoking articles produce minimal side stream smoke and low FTC "tar."

人们希望最好能有一种味道好的卷烟,能够提供吸烟的满足感,产生比较少的主流气相产物,产生比较少的不完全燃烧产物,在FTC吸烟条件下能保持阴燃,并产生较少的侧流“焦油”从而产生较少的侧流烟。 Preferably it is desirable to have one kind of delicious cigarette can provide smoking satisfaction, generate less mainstream gas-phase products, produced less incomplete combustion products, under FTC smoking conditions to maintain smolder and produces less sidestream "tar" and thus produces less sidestream smoke.

本发明涉及烟制品,它含有切碎的形式和/或加工过的形式的烟草。 The present invention relates to smoking articles, comprising chopped form and / or in a processed form of tobacco. 较佳的卷烟型烟制品有两个基本组成部分:(ⅰ)一卷可吸材料,(ⅱ)一包裹着该一卷可吸材料的外包裹材料(如,卷烟纸)。 Preferred cigarette-type smoking article has two basic components: (i) a roll of smokable material, (ii) an outer wrapping material wrapped around the roll of smokable material (e.g., cigarette paper). 本发明的卷烟含有可吸填料(下文将详细描述)至少作为可吸材料的一部分。 Cigarettes of the present invention comprises smokable filler material (described in greater detail hereinafter) as at least a portion of the smokable material.

较好的包裹在一卷可吸材料四周形成可吸烟杆的包裹材料是低透气性的卷烟包卷纸。 Wrapping material is preferably wrapped in a roll of smokable material four weeks smokable rod is a low air permeability cigarette paper packages. 高质量的卷烟纸有低的透气性或孔隙率,其孔隙率小于5CORESTA单位。 Quality cigarette paper having a low air permeability or porosity, a porosity of less than 5CORESTA units. 1CORESTA单位是指在1厘巴恒压下透过1平方厘米包卷纸面积的空气的线速度。 1CORESTA unit refers to a linear velocity through one square centimeter area of ​​the air-bag paper at 1 centibar constant pressure. 参见CORESTA出版物ISO/TC126/SCIN159E(1986)。 See CORESTA Publication ISO / TC126 / SCIN159E (1986).

一种可吸材料的形式是含烟草的可吸填料。 Form of smokable material is a tobacco-containing smokable filler. 本发明的这种可吸材料由下列组分紧密混合而组成,(ⅰ)烟草(如,切碎的烟草叶,碎烟梗,磨碎的烟叶,烟草细粉,烟末,或烟草提取物,或其它形式的加工烟草),(ⅱ)凝聚的基体填料,它包括紧密接触的有机组分和无机组分。 Such smokable materials of the invention intimately mixed and the composition of the following components, (i) tobacco (e.g., shredded tobacco leaves at the end, shredded tobacco stems, milled tobacco, tobacco fines, tobacco, tobacco extract, or , or other form of processed tobacco), (ii) agglomerated matrix filler, which comprises organic and inorganic components in intimate contact. 最好,该凝聚的基体填料是一种颗粒形式。 Preferably, the agglomerated matrix filler is a particulate form. 有机组分是藻酸盐或其它能在周围环境条件下提供基本不溶于水的凝聚基体填料的有机材料。 The organic component is an alginate or other energy under ambient conditions to provide substantially water-insoluble organic material agglomerated matrix filler. 通常无机组分是碳酸钙。 Typically the inorganic component is calcium carbonate. 该可吸填料包含一种与凝聚基体填料及烟草密切接触的粘结剂。 The smokable filler comprises a binder a close contact with the agglomerated matrix filler and tobacco. 粘结剂的作用是把烟草颗粒与凝聚基体填料保持在一起以形成该可吸填料。 Role of the binder is to maintain the tobacco particles agglomerated matrix filler together to form the smokable filler material. 这种含烟草的可吸填料还包含某些紧密接触的香味剂(如,可可,甘草,有机酸,薄荷醇,以及诸如此类的东西)和/或烟雾形成材料(如,甘油,丙二醇及类似物)。 Such a tobacco-containing smokable filler material further comprises a flavoring agent in some intimate contact (e.g., cocoa, licorice, organic acids, menthol, and things like) and / or aerosol forming materials (e.g., glycerol, propylene glycol, and the like ). 该含烟草的可吸填料可从含水的浆料浇注成片,或者按造纸工艺加工成“片”,或者成压挤出的形式。 The tobacco-containing smokable filler material can be cast into a sheet from an aqueous slurry, or by paper-making process into a "sheet", or extruded into a form of pressure. 这样的含烟草的可吸填料可单独作为可吸材料用于卷烟,或者与其它可吸材料诸如烟丝混合,或用其它方法与其它可吸材料共同用于卷烟。 Such a tobacco-containing smokable filler may be used alone as a material for smokable cigarettes, such as tobacco or mixed with other smokable materials, or by other methods and other materials commonly used for smokable cigarettes.

本发明的可吸填料的另一种形式包括一种紧密混合的凝聚基体填料,该凝聚基体填料包含密切接触的有机和无机组分。 Another form of smokable filler material of the present invention comprises an intimate mixture of agglomerated matrix filler, an organic filler and an inorganic matrix component comprises a close contact with the aggregate. 最好,该凝聚基体填料具有颗粒的形式。 Preferably, the agglomerated matrix filler has the form of particles. 有机组分是藻酸盐或其它能提供在周围环境条件下基本不溶于水的无机凝聚填料的有机材料。 The organic component is an alginate or other substantially water-insoluble providing at ambient conditions agglomerated inorganic filler is an organic material. 无机组分通常是碳酸钙。 The inorganic components are typically calcium carbonate. 该可吸填料包括一种与凝聚基体填料紧密接触的粘结剂。 The smokable filler comprises a binder and one filler in close contact agglomerated matrix. 这样,粘接剂的作用是保持凝聚基体填料的颗粒在一起从而形成可吸填料。 Thus, the role of the adhesive retaining particles are agglomerated matrix filler together to form the smokable filler material. 这种可吸填料也可包含某些与它紧密接触的香味剂和/或烟雾形成材料。 Such a smokable filler material may also comprise some of the flavoring and / or smoke in close contact with it forming material. 该可吸填料能从含水浆料浇注成片,或者用造纸工艺加工成片,或者成压挤出的形式。 The smokable filler cast into a sheet from an aqueous slurry, or by paper-making process into a sheet, or extruded into a form of pressure. 该可吸填料可与含烟草的可吸材料和/或烟丝机械混合或用其它方式与它们共同应用。 The smokable filler material may be a tobacco-containing smokable materials and / or tobacco mechanical mixing or otherwise applied together with them.

图1至4是本发明烟制品的纵剖面图。 Figures 1 to 4 are longitudinal sectional view of the smoking article of the present invention.

本发明的卷烟及其可吸填料的较佳实施例如图1所示。 Cigarette and smokable filler material of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is as shown in FIG. 卷烟10包括一个一般是圆筒形的杆15。 The cigarette 10 includes a generally cylindrical rod 15. 这杆中包括至少包在一层外包卷材料25(如,纸)中的一卷可吸材料20。 This rod includes at least one layer of the package overwrap material 25 (e.g., paper) 20 in the roll of smokable material. 杆15在下文中称为“可吸烟杆”(“烟杆”)。 Lever 15 is called "smokable rod" ( "tobacco stems") hereinafter. 烟杆15的两端敞开露出将被燃烧的可吸材料。 Both ends of the smokable rod 15 are open to expose the smokable material is burned. 使用时点燃烟杆一端,烟雾(如烟)由燃烧可吸材料产生。 Lit cigarette rod end use, smoke (smoke) generated by the combustion of the smokable material. 这样,烟杆由其点燃的一端向它相反的一端曼延燃烧。 Thus, tobacco stems ignited by its one end to the opposite end of the combustion stretch.

卷烟10还包含一个过滤元件30,它的位置紧接着烟杆15的一端,过滤元件与烟杆在同一轴线上呈头尾相连关系,最好彼此相互紧抵着。 The cigarette 10 also includes a filter element 30, which, immediately after the end of the smokable rod 15 of the filter element and smokable rod in a connection end to end relationship on the same axis, preferably by tightly against each other. 过滤元件30通常有一个圆柱形的外形,它的直径基本上与烟杆的直径相等。 The filter element 30 usually has a cylindrical shape, its diameter is substantially equal to the diameter of the smokable rod. 过滤元件的两端是开口的,能让空气和烟从它通过。 Ends of the filter element is open, allowing the air and smoke through it. 较好的过滤元件至少有两个过滤节段。 Preferred filter element has at least two filter segments. 如图1所示,第一节过滤段位于紧接烟杆处,并且,最好包含一种由包裹材料37包卷的碳质过滤材料35;而第二节过滤段位于卷烟的嘴端,并且,最好包含一种过滤材料40,如由包裹材料45包卷的集在一起的非织聚丙烯网状物或醋酸纤维素的短纤维。 1, a first filter segment located immediately at the tobacco stems, and preferably comprises a mixture of a carbonaceous filter material wrapping material roll 37 of the package 35; and a second filter segment located at the mouth end of the cigarette, and, preferably comprising a filter material 40, such as staple fiber nonwoven polypropylene web or cellulose acetate together by a wrapping material 45 wrapping the sets. 第二过滤段的过滤材料40,最好是一种能产生美感的、白色外表的材料。 The second filter segment of filter material 40, preferably to produce a beauty, white color material. 每一过滤段都由已知的过滤杆生产制造设备。 Each filter segment by known filter rod manufacturing equipment. 两段的接合采用已知的衬套管接合技术,并用包裹材料50把两段固定在一起,从而形成过滤元件。 Joining two sections of liner pipe joined using known techniques, and 50 with two wrapping material secured together to form the filter element.

过滤元件30通常通过包头材料(过滤元件包裹材料)55连接在烟杆15上,该材料既包裹整个长度的过滤元件又裹住毗邻的烟杆区域。 The filter element 30 is typically connected by a tipping material (filter element wrapping material) 55 on the smokable rod 15, the wrapping material is either the entire length of the filter element and the wrapped tobacco stems adjoining region. 包头材料55的内表面用适当的粘结剂粘牢在衬垫(衬套)材料50和烟杆包裹材料25的外表面上。 The inner surface of the tipping material 55 on the outer surface of the cement liner (liner) material 50 and the cigarette rod wrapping material 25 with a suitable adhesive. 卷烟10可用已知的卷烟生产技术和设备制造。 The cigarette 10 using known cigarette production technology and equipment manufacture. 另外,也可以制成一种开气孔的或用空气稀释的卷烟。 It is also possible to prepare a open pores or air diluted cigarette. 它具有一种空气稀装置,例如一系列穿透包头材料55、衬垫(衬套)包裹材料50和包裹材料37的孔。 It has an air-thinning apparatus, such as a series penetrate the tipping material 55, via liner (liner) 50 and a wrapping material wrapping material 37. 这种透气孔可用已知技术如激光打孔技术在卷烟上形成。 Such holes can be used known techniques such as laser drilling techniques to form the cigarette.

本发明的卷烟及其可吸填料的另一较佳实施例如图2所示。 Cigarettes of the present invention and smokable filler further preferred embodiment shown in FIG. 2, for example. 该卷烟10基本上与上面参照图1描述的卷烟相似,所不同的是可吸材料采用了一种分段混合的形式,在烟杆15的一端(即卷烟点燃的那一端)装着第一段可吸材料70。 The cigarette 10 is substantially described above with reference to FIG. 1 and similar to cigarettes, except that the smokable material employed in the form of a segmented mixing, at one end of the smokable rod 15 (i.e., that end of the cigarette lit) filled with the first section 70 smokable material. 在烟杆15的另一端(即,烟杆与过滤元件相邻的那一端)是第二段可吸材料75。 At the other end of the smokable rod 15 (i.e., the filter element and smokable rod adjacent to that end) is the second segment 75 of smokable material. 各段均以其成分表示(即各段的成分是不同的)。 The segments are represented by their composition (i.e., component of each segment is different). 两段形成一直线,首尾相连;但是在两段连接的区域两种可吸材料有一部分互相混合。 Forming two straight line, end to end; however, in the region of two kinds of two connected smokable materials are mixed with each part. 沿着烟杆的两段可吸材料的长度可以不同。 Smokable material along the length of two tobacco stems may be different. 但是,第一段和第二段的相对纵向长度通常在约1∶1到2∶1之间,最好是1∶1左右。 However, the relative longitudinal length of the first and second segments is generally between about 1 to 2:1, preferably about 1:1. 这种烟杆的制造可采用Wahle等人的美国专利No.4,009,722和Pinkhamt的美国专利No.4,516,585中所描述的设备。 This cigarette rod manufacturing apparatus employed Wahle et al., U.S. Patent No.4,516,585 and U.S. Patent No.4,009,722 described in Pinkhamt.

对图2所示类的较佳实施例的卷烟,第一段70通常含有某一形式的烟草。 Examples of the preferred class of cigarettes shown in Figure 2 embodiment, first stage 70 generally contain some form of tobacco. 这样的一种形式的烟草包括切碎的烟草填料(如,烟叶,加工过的烟草材料,体积膨胀的烟草填料,重制的烟草填料,以及诸如此类的东西及它们的混合物)以及它与其它可吸材料的混合物。 Such a form of tobacco includes tobacco cut filler (e.g., tobacco laminae, processed tobacco materials, volume expanded tobacco filler, reconstituted tobacco filler, and the like, and mixtures thereof things), and it may be other withdrawing a mixture of materials. 加工过的烟草材料例如Bernasek等人的美国专利No.4,887,618和Clapp等人的No.4,941,484号美国专利所述的除去蛋白质的重制烟草材料,援引在此以作参考。 Processed tobacco materials such Bernasek et al and U.S. Patent No.4,887,618 Clapp et al., U.S. Patent No. No.4,941,484 reconstituted tobacco material according to remove protein, hereby incorporated herein by reference. 加工过的烟草材料的另一个例子是按照1990年2月23日申请的申请号为484,587的美国专利申请所述的方法加工的烟草材料,该专利援引在此作为参考。 Another example of a processed tobacco material is U.S. Patent Application 484,587 of the processing in accordance with Application No. 23 February 1990 filed tobacco material, which patent is incorporated herein by reference. 较佳的卷烟还有第二段75,它含有与第一段70的可吸材料的总体成分不同的可吸材料或多种可吸材料的混合物。 Preferred cigarettes also a second segment 75, the overall composition comprising a first segment 70 of smokable material of the smokable different smokable material or mixture of materials. 第一段70和/或第二段75至少含有一种本发明的可吸材料。 First section 70 and / or the second segment 75 of the present invention containing at least one smokable material.

本发明的卷烟的另一个较佳实施例如图3所示。 Another preferred embodiment of the cigarette of the present invention as shown in FIG. 该卷烟10基本与参照图1和图2所描述的相似,只是它的包含本发明的可吸填料的可吸材料20被包裹或包含在加工过的烟草片80或其它内层包裹材料中。 10 is similar to the cigarette described with reference to FIGS. 1 and substantially in FIG. 2, except that the present invention comprising a smokable material of the smokable filler 20 is wrapped or contained in a processed tobacco sheet 80, or other inner wrap material. 加工过的烟草片80通常是用造纸工艺加工重制的烟草片,一层单层的该烟草片包卷着可吸材料20。 The processed tobacco sheet 80 normally is a paper-making process reconstituted tobacco sheet, the layer of single-layer sheet tobacco smokable material 20 rolled package. 接下来包裹在加工过的烟草片80中的可吸材料20又由一层单层的外包裹材料25(如,卷烟纸)所包裹。 Next smokable material wrapped in the processed tobacco sheet 80 is in turn wrapped by a layer 20 of single outer wrapping material 25 (e.g., cigarette paper).

本发明卷烟的另一个较佳实施例如图4所示。 Another preferred embodiment of the cigarette of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 4. 该卷烟10基本上与参照图1、2、3所描述的卷烟相似,只是过滤元件包含三个节段。 The cigarette 10 is substantially similar to the cigarette described with reference to the Figures 1,2, 3, but the filter element comprises three segments. 位于第一段过滤材料35和过滤材料40之间的过滤段85最好是由一种颗粒物质组成,如活性碳颗粒,硅酸镁颗粒,硅胶颗粒或诸如此类的东西。 Filter segment located in the first section 85 between the filter material 35 and filter material 40 is preferably composed of a particulate substance, such as activated carbon granules, magnesium silicate granules, silica gel particles, or whatnot.

用于制作烟杆的可吸材料可以不同,最好是切碎的填料形式。 Smokable material used to make the smokable rod can vary, preferably shredded filler form. 用在这里的有关可吸材料的“切碎填料”一词,意味着包括具有适合用于制造卷烟可吸烟杆的形式的可吸材料。 For smokable material is used herein to "cut filler" the term meant to include having a form suitable for cigarette manufacture of the smokable rod smokable material. 这样,切碎填料可以包括混合的可吸材料和已可用于制造卷烟的形式的可吸材料。 As such, cut filler can include smokable materials mixed and ready to be manufactured in the form of smokable material of the cigarette. 在卷烟制造中可吸材料通常以碎条或碎片的形式使用。 Smokable material is typically used in the form of strands or shreds in the cigarette manufacture. 例如,切碎填料可以以从片状材料或“条带”形材料切碎的细丝或碎片的形式被使用。 For example, cut filler can be used in the form of shredded sheet material or like material from the "strip" filaments or debris. 这种条带形材料被切成宽度范围在约1/5英寸至1/60英寸,最好在约1/25至1/35英寸左右。 This strip-shaped material is cut to a width in the range of about 1/5 inch to about 1/60 inch, preferably about 1/25 to 1/35 inches. 一般,所得的碎片或碎条长度在约0.25至3英寸。 In general, the resulting length of chipped or shredded at about 0.25 to 3 inches. 切碎填料也可以是一种挤压成形的形式(如,挤压制成的碎片或碎条)或其它机械加工的形式。 In the form of cut filler it can also be an extruded form (e.g., made of extruded or shredded chips), or other mechanical processing.

本发明的卷烟的烟杆包括本发明的可吸填料。 Cigarette tobacco stems the present invention include smokable filler material of the present invention. 可吸填料可以以切碎填料的形式被使用。 Smokable filler may be used in the form of cut filler.

本发明的可吸填料的一个较佳的类型包含一种凝聚基体填料,该凝聚基体填料包含一种密切接触的有机组分和无机组分的凝聚基体。 Smokable filler according to the present invention comprises one type of a preferred agglomerated matrix filler, the filler matrix comprises agglomerated organic and inorganic components in a close contact with the agglomerated matrix. 凝聚基体填料再与粘结剂密切混合而开形成可吸填料。 The agglomerated matrix filler is intimately mixed with a binder and then formed smokable filler opening. 该可吸填料最好包含至少一种烟雾形成材料和/或至少一种香味剂作为最终混合物的一部分。 The smokable filler preferably comprises at least one aerosol forming material and / or at least one flavoring agent as part of the final mixture. 如果需要,该可吸填料中可混合入能改变该可吸填料所产生的烟雾的组成的其它物质。 If desired, the smokable filler may be mixed into the other to change the smokable filler consisting of generated smoke. 凝聚基体填料通常对每一份重量的有机组分含有约2至90份重量的无机组分,最好是约5至20份重量的无机组分。 The agglomerated matrix filler normally contain from about 2 to 90 parts by weight of the inorganic components of the organic component per one part by weight, preferably from about 5 to 20 parts by weight of inorganic components. 这种可吸填料通常含有约60到90,最好是约65到85重量百分比的凝聚基体填料;高到约20,最好是约2至10重量百分比的粘结剂;高到约20,最好是约3到15重量百分比的烟雾形成材料;以及能达到所需香味特性的足够的香味剂。 Such a smokable filler material normally includes about 60 to 90, preferably from about 65 to 85 percent by weight of an agglomerated matrix filler; up to about 20, preferably from about 2 to 10 weight percent of a binder; up to about 20, preferably form about 3 to 15 weight percent aerosol material; and a flavoring agent sufficient to achieve the desired flavor characteristics. 如果需要,在可吸填料中可混合入碳质材料(如,热解的α纤维素),以可吸填料的总干重为基准,通常其含量高至约10,有时达约30重量百分比。 If desired, the smokable filler may be mixed into a carbonaceous material (e.g., pyrolyzed cellulose [alpha]), the smokable filler to the total dry weight basis, typically in an amount up to about 10, and sometimes up to about 30 weight percent . 但是,碳质材料不是可吸填料的必要组分,可吸填料可以不包括这种碳质材料。 However, the carbonaceous material is not a necessary component of the smokable filler, the smokable filler may not include such a carbonaceous material. 该可吸填料是可燃的,并且可与其它可吸材料(如烟丝填料)一起使用(如混合在一起)于制造本发明的卷烟。 The smokable filler material is combustible and can be used (e.g., mixed) in the manufacture of cigarettes according to the present invention with other smokable material (e.g., tobacco cut filler).

本发明的含烟草的可吸填料的一个较佳型是包含凝聚基体填料的可吸填料,该凝聚基体填料由一有机组分与一无机组分的凝聚基体组成,该凝聚基体填料又与某种形式的烟草和粘结剂密切混合以构成可吸填料。 A preferred type of smokable filler-containing tobacco according to the present invention comprises agglomerated matrix filler smokable filler, the agglomerated matrix filler comprises an agglomerated matrix of an organic component and an inorganic component composition, the agglomerated matrix filler is in turn a forms of tobacco and a binder are intimately mixed to form the smokable filler material. 作为最终混合物的一部分,这种含烟草的可吸填料,最好包含至少一种烟雾形成材料和/或至少一种香味剂。 As part of the final mixture, such a tobacco-containing smokable filler material, preferably comprising at least one aerosol forming material and / or at least one flavoring agent. 如果需要,可吸填料中可混合入可改变可吸填料产生的烟的组成的其它物质。 If desired, the smokable filler may be mixed into the other may be changed smokable filler consisting of generated smoke. 凝聚基体填料中通常对于每1份重量的有机组分,有约2到90份重量的,最好是约5到20份重量的无机组分。 The agglomerated matrix filler normally the organic component per 1 part by weight, about 2-90 parts by weight, preferably from about 5 to about 20 parts by weight of inorganic components. 这种含烟草的可吸填料通常含有高至约75,典型地高至约50重量百分比的某种形式的烟草;高至约80,最好约20至60重量百分比的凝聚基体填料;高至约20,最好约2至10重量百分比的粘结剂;高至约20,最好约3至15重量百分比的烟雾形成材料;以及足够数量的、能达到所需香味特性的香味剂。 Such a tobacco-containing smokable filler material normally includes up to about 75, typically up to about 50 weight percent of some form of tobacco; to about 80, preferably from about 20 percent to 60 weight agglomerated matrix filler; up to about 20, preferably from about 2 to 10 weight percent of a binder; to about 20, preferably from about 3 percent to 15 weight aerosol forming material; and a sufficient amount of flavoring agent to achieve the desired flavor characteristics. 如果需要,在可吸填料中可混合入碳质材料(如,热解的α纤维素),以可吸填料的总干重为准,通常其含量高至约10,有时高达约30重量百分比。 If desired, the smokable filler may be mixed into a carbonaceous material (e.g., pyrolyzed cellulose [alpha]), the smokable filler to the total dry weight of the subject, typically in an amount up to about 10, and sometimes up to about 30 weight percent . 但是,这种碳质材料不是可吸填料的必要组成,可吸填料可以不包括这碳质材料。 However, an essential component of such carbonaceous material is not smokable filler smokable filler material which may not include a carbonaceous material. 这种可吸填料是可燃的,并可以单独用作本发明的卷烟的唯一的可吸材料。 Such a smokable filler material is combustible and can be used as the sole smokable material of a cigarette of the present invention alone.

本发明的可吸填料的另一个较佳型由一种含有一有机组分和一无无机组分的凝聚基体填料构成。 The smokable filler material of the present invention is another type of preferred agglomerated matrix containing an organic component and an inorganic component without filler configuration. 该凝聚基体填料与一粘结剂及至少一种烟雾形成材料密切混合而构成可吸填料。 The intimately mixed aggregated material constituting the smokable filler with a matrix binder, and a filler formed of at least one aerosol. 作为最终混合物的一部分,这种可吸填料最好包含至少一种香味剂和某种形式的烟草。 As part of the final mixture, which smokable filler preferably comprises at least one flavoring agent and some form of tobacco. 凝聚基体填料通常对于每1份重量的有机组分含有约2到99份重量的无机组分。 The agglomerated matrix filler inorganic component from about 2 to 99 parts by weight of the organic components generally contain per 1 part by weight. 这种可及填料通常含有高至约20,最好是约3到15重量百分比的粘结剂;高于约20,较好是约25至80,更好是约30到50重量百分比的烟雾形成材料;以及少于约80,最好是约30到70重量百分比的、包括前面所述的凝聚基体填料的填料组分。 Such fillers and generally contain up to about 20, preferably from about 3 to 15 weight percent of a binder; greater than about 20, preferably about 25-80, more preferably about 30 to 50 weight percent of the aerosol forming material; and less than about 80, preferably about 30 to about 70 weight percent, including the previously described agglomerated matrix filler filler component. 具体地说,填料组分可包括(ⅰ)前述所有凝聚基体填料,或(ⅱ)前述凝聚基体填料与一种无机填料(如沉淀碳酸钙)和/或一种有机填料(如烟草)的混合物。 In particular, the filler component can include (i) all of the agglomerated matrix filler, or (ii) the agglomerated matrix filler with an inorganic filler (e.g., precipitated calcium carbonate) and / or an organic filler (e.g., tobacco) was . 可吸填料中可混合入足够使可吸填料产生所需香味特性的香味剂。 Smokable filler may be mixed into the smokable filler sufficient to produce the desired flavor characteristic flavor. 如果需要,在可吸材料中可混合入碳质材料(如热解的α纤维素),以可吸材料的总干重为准,通常其含量高至约10,有时高达约30重量百分比。 If desired, the smokable material may be mixed into a carbonaceous material (e.g., pyrolyzed cellulose α), based on the total dry weight of the smokable material subject, typically in an amount up to about 10, and sometimes up to about 30 weight percent. 但是,这种碳质材料不是可吸材料的必要组成,可吸材料可以不包括这碳质材料。 However, such carbonaceous material is not necessary smokable material composed of smokable material that may not include a carbonaceous material. 这种可吸填料是可燃的,并能与其它可吸填料混合。 Such a smokable filler material is combustible and can be mixed with other smokable filler material.

本发明的含烟草可吸填料在其制造过程中混合入某种形式的烟草。 Tobacco-containing smokable filler according to the present invention in its manufacturing process are mixed into some form of tobacco. 用于这种含烟草可吸填料的烟草可以有各种形式,包括烟草提取物,烟草细粉或烟末,切碎或磨碎的烟叶,烟梗,体积膨胀的烟草填料及以其它形式加工的烟草,还有其它诸如此类的东西,以及它们的混合物。 Such a tobacco-containing smokable filler tobacco can have a variety of forms, including tobacco extracts end thereof, tobacco fines or tobacco, shredded or ground tobacco, tobacco stems, volume expanded tobacco filler and other processed forms in tobacco, and other such things, and mixtures thereof. 烟草提取物是一种加工过的烟草形式,它是用一种溶剂,如水,二氧化碳,一种烃,或一种卤化碳或其它多种有机和无机溶剂对烟草进行提取的。 Tobacco extract is a form of processed tobacco, which is in a solvent such as water, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon, halocarbon or one or more other organic and inorganic solvents extraction of tobacco. 烟草提取物可以包括喷雾干燥的;冷冻干燥的;热处理的提取物,如1990年4月19日申请的511,158号和1989年12月18日申请的452,175号的美国专利申请中所述;烟草精,如申请号为326,370的欧洲专利申请所述;以及芳香油和提取物,如Mueller的美国专利No.4,506,682及1989年2月13日申请的申请号为310,413的美国专利申请所述。 Tobacco extracts can include spray drying; freeze-dried; U.S. Patent Application No. 452,175 heat treated extracts, such as application April 19, 1990 and No. 511,158 December 18, 1989 application, the described later; tobacco essences, such as the application of the European Patent application No. 326,370; and aromatic oils and extracts, as described in U.S. Patent application No. No.4,506,682 Mueller and February 13, 1989 filed the U.S. Patent application 310,413.

本发明的可吸填料中有粘结剂。 Smokable filler according to the present invention with an adhesive. 合适的粘结剂的例子包含羟丙基纤维素,如Aqualon Co.的Klucel H;羟丙基甲基纤维素,如Dow Chemi-cal Co.的Methocel K4 MS;羟乙基纤维素,如Aqualon Co.的Natrosol 250MRCS;微晶纤维素,如FMC的Avicel;甲基纤维素,如Dow Chemical Co.的Methocel A4 M;以及羧甲基纤维素钠,如Hercules Inc.的CMC 7HF和CMC 7H4 F。 Examples of suitable binders comprising hydroxypropylcellulose, such as Klucel H Aqualon Co. of; Methocel K4 MS hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, such as the Dow Chemi-cal Co.; hydroxyethyl cellulose such as Aqualon Natrosol 250MRCS Co.; a microcrystalline cellulose, such as Avicel of FMC; methyl cellulose, such as Methocel A4 M Dow Chemical Co.; and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, such as Hercules Inc. the CMC 7HF and CMC 7H4 F . 特别优选的粘结剂包括藻酸盐,如藻酸铵,藻酸钠,藻酸丙二醇酯,及藻酸钾。 Particularly preferred binders include alginates, such as ammonium alginate, sodium alginate, propylene glycol alginate, and potassium alginate. 藻酸卤,特别是高粘度的藻酸盐可与限定量的自由钙离子一起使用。 Alginic acid halides, especially the high viscosity alginates can be used with a defined amount of free calcium ions. 其它粘结剂包括淀粉(如,玉米淀粉),角叉菜胶,瓜耳胶,槐树豆胶,果胶和Xanthan胶。 Other binders include starch (e.g., corn starch), carrageenan, guar gum, locust bean gum, Xanthan gum and pectin. 也可使用粘结剂的组合物或混合物(如,瓜耳胶与槐树豆胶的混合物)。 May also be used an adhesive composition or a mixture (e.g., a mixture of guar gum and locust bean gum).

本发明的可吸填料可以含有至少一种烟雾形成材料和/或至少一种香味剂。 Smokable filler material of the present invention may contain at least one aerosol forming material and / or at least one flavoring agent. 较好的烟雾形成材料包括多元醇(如,甘油,丙二醇或三甘醇),及其它可产生可见烟雾的物质,或它们的混合物。 The preferred aerosol forming materials include polyhydric alcohols (e.g., glycerol, propylene glycol or triethylene glycol), and other substances can produce a visible aerosol, or mixtures thereof. 烟雾形成材料可作为粘结剂的一部分(如,当粘结剂是藻酸丙二醇酯时)。 Aerosol forming material can be used as part of a binder (e.g., when the binder is propylene glycol alginate). 多种烟雾形成材料可混合使用。 More aerosol forming materials can be mixed. 香味剂可以是各种种类的,包括薄荷醇,香草醛,柠檬酸,苹果酸,可可,甘草,和诸如此类的东西,以及它们的混合物。 Flavoring agents may be of various types, and include menthol, vanillin, citric acid, malic acid, cocoa, licorice, and whatnot, and mixtures thereof. 参见Leffingwell等人的Tobacco Flavaring forSmoking Products(1972)。 See, Leffingwell et al, Tobacco Flavaring forSmoking Products (1972).

有时需要在本发明的可吸填料中混合入焦糖化的物质。 It may need to be mixed into the caramel of the smokable filler material of the present invention. 焦糖化物质能改善(ⅰ)卷烟烟灰和火锥的完整性,(ⅱ)可吸填料的外观,和(ⅲ)卷烟主流烟的香味物性。 Caramel substance can improve (i) the integrity of the ash and fire cone of the cigarette, (ii) the appearance of the smokable filler, and (iii) cigarette mainstream smoke flavor properties. 焦糖化物质可以在制备可吸填料时混入其中,和/或加在制成的可吸填料的表面上(如作为一种粉末)。 Caramel substance can be incorporated during the preparation of smokable filler wherein the upper and / or the smokable filler formed in the surface of the heating (e.g., as a powder). 通常某一可吸填料所用焦糖化物质的量是指混合入焦糖化物质后的所得到材料包含不超过约20重量百分比的焦糖化物质和大于约80重量百分比的可吸材料。 A smokable filler generally used in an amount of caramel substance is meant that after mixing the caramel substance obtained material comprises no more than about 20 weight percent caramel substance and greater than about 80 weight percent of the smokable material. 合适的焦糖化物质的例子包括糖类,如葡萄糖,果糖和蔗糖;以及混合物,如MFNeal Inc.的Carob Powder Code1739。 Examples of suitable caramelizing materials include sugars, such as glucose, fructose and sucrose; and mixtures of such MFNeal Inc. Carob Powder Code1739.

可用某些物质处理本发明的可吸填料的表面。 Certain species of the present invention can be used to process the surface of the smokable filler. 例如,可用粉状物质施于该可吸填料的表面。 For example, the available powdered substance applied to the surface of the smokable filler. 典型的物质包括可可粉,甘草粉,粉末状无机材料(如,碳酸钾或氧化铁),烟末,细分的烟叶,及诸如此类的东西或它们的混合物。 Typical materials include cocoa powder, licorice powder, powdered inorganic materials (e.g., potassium carbonate or iron oxide), tobacco dust, finely divided tobacco laminae, or something like and mixtures thereof. 可吸填料的表面处理可使这些材料改善颜色及外表,提高特性,以及提高香味特性。 Smokable filler materials of these surface treatment can improve color and appearance, improved characteristics, and improved flavor characteristics.

凝聚基体填料有一无机组成及一有机组成。 The agglomerated matrix filler has an inorganic composition and an organic composition. 例如用藻酸盐凝聚的碳酸钙有一无机组分和一有机组分。 For example, calcium carbonate agglomerated using an alginate has an inorganic component and an organic component. 其它无机组分包括硫酸钙,氧化镁和碳酸镁。 Other inorganic components include calcium sulfate, magnesium oxide and magnesium carbonate. 藻酸铵是一种特别优选的藻酸盐。 A particularly preferred alginate is ammonium alginate. 这种凝聚基体填料可通过先制备由碳酸钙颗粒和水合藻酸盐组成的含水的浆料,再干燥这浆料形成碳酸钙凝聚基体(即,许多碳酸钙颗粒间隔分布在连续或半连续相的藻酸盐中的基体)。 Such an agglomerated matrix filler can be, and then drying the slurry to form calcium carbonate which agglomerated matrix (i.e., a number of calcium carbonate particles spaced by first preparing an aqueous slurry of calcium carbonate particles and hydrated alginate continuous or semi-continuous phase matrix alginate). 如果需要,这浆料可通过向其中混入发泡剂而使体积膨胀。 If desired, this paste may be mixed thereto by the volume expansion of the blowing agent. 合适的发泡剂例子包括直链苯磺酸钠,直链烷基硫酸盐和直链烷基乙氧基硫酸盐。 Examples of suitable foaming agents include linear sodium benzene sulfonates, linear alkyl sulfates and linear alkyl ethoxy sulfates. 最好用喷雾干燥法干燥含高固量的碳酸钙和藻酸盐的含水浆料而得到碳酸钙颗粒和藻酸盐的凝聚颗粒(如,通常是小球粒)。 Preferably drying by spray drying a high solids content aqueous slurry containing calcium carbonate and alginate obtained calcium carbonate particles and alginate agglomerated particles (e.g., pellets usually small). 另外,浆料也可通过加热干燥而得到凝聚的碳酸钙和藻酸盐的块状固体,然后,该固体块可研磨成所需大小的颗粒。 In addition, slurry may be obtained agglomerated calcium carbonate and alginate solid mass was dried by heating, and the solid mass can be ground to the desired particle size. 以干料为准,碳酸钙与藻酸盐的比例可以在约99∶1到约20∶1,最好是约20∶1到约5∶1。 Dry material subject, the ratio of calcium carbonate and alginate may be from about 99 to about 20, preferably about 5 to about 20. 典型地,在环境条件下,用藻酸盐凝聚的碳酸钙颗粒基本不溶于水。 Typically, at ambient conditions, alginate agglomerated calcium carbonate particles substantially insoluble in water. 具体地说,当在环境条件下与水接触时,凝聚基体填料中的藻酸盐的基本不溶性很大程度上限制凝聚基体填料的任何失去其凝聚特性的倾向。 Specifically, when contacted with water under ambient conditions, alginate agglomerated matrix filler is substantially insoluble largely restricted to any agglomerated matrix filler tends to lose its cohesion properties. 由于藻酸盐与碳酸钙中的钙离子的反应使得凝聚基体填料不溶于水。 Since the reaction of calcium alginate and calcium carbonate such that the agglomerated matrix filler is insoluble in water. 如果需要,可用稀酸溶液处理凝体填料,分解部分碳酸钙,所得的钙离子使得凝聚基体填料中的藻酸盐成为不溶的填料。 If desired, dilute acid solution was treated condensate of filler material, part of the calcium carbonate decomposition, so that the resultant calcium alginate agglomerated matrix filler becomes insoluble filler.

含有一种无机组分和一种有机组分的凝聚基体填料可与其它多种有机成分混合。 Containing an inorganic component and an organic component of the agglomerated matrix filler can be mixed with a variety of other organic components. 例如,有机组分可以是果胶,它有与钙离子反应而形成基本不溶于水的物质的倾向。 For example, the organic component can be pectin, which has a tendency to react with calcium ions to form a substantially water-insoluble substance. 另外,具有一种多糖有机组分的凝聚基体填料可用二价离子(如,钙离子,钡离子,钴离子,铁离子或锰离子)或三价离子(如,铁离子或铝离子)处理而成为基本不于水的多糖。 Further, having a polysaccharide organic component of the agglomerated matrix filler available divalent ions (e.g., calcium ions, barium ions, cobalt ions, iron ions or manganese ions) or trivalent ions (e.g., iron or aluminum ions) treatment not become the basic polysaccharide in water. 另外,例如多糖物质(如乙基纤维素)和无机组分颗粒的浆料可以在非水溶剂(如,乙醇)中制成并干燥,而得到基本不溶于水的凝聚基体填料。 Further, for example, a slurry polysaccharide material (e.g., ethylcellulose) and inorganic component particles can be made and dried in a non-aqueous solvent (e.g., ethanol), to give substantially water-insoluble filler agglomerated matrix.

本发明的可吸填料中可混合入其它无机材料。 Smokable filler according to the present invention may be mixed into other inorganic materials. 这些无机材料常常具有纤维的、片状粉末的、结晶的、非晶的、空心的或颗粒的形式。 These inorganic materials often have a fibrous, flake, crystalline, amorphous, hollow or in the form of particles. 这种无机填料例如包括碳酸钙,硫酸钙颗粒,氧化镁,氢氧化镁,珍珠岩,合成云母,蛭石,粘土,热稳定碳纤维,氧化锌,片钠铝石,低密度的碳酸钙空心球,玻璃球,玻璃珠,热稳定的碳小球,硫酸钙纤维,空心陶瓷小球,氧化铝,用含碳组分凝聚的碳酸钙颗粒,加工过的低密度碳酸钙,及诸如此类的东西。 Such inorganic fillers include, for example, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate particles, magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, perlite, synthetic mica, vermiculite, clays, thermally stable carbon fibers, zinc oxide, dawsonite, low density hollow spheres of calcium carbonate , glass beads, glass beads, carbon beads thermally stable, calcium sulfate fibers, hollow ceramic beads, alumina, calcium carbonate agglomerated using a carbonaceous component particles, low density processed calcium carbonate, and whatnot.

该凝聚基体填料有一种由无机组分和含碳组分组成的凝聚基体的形式。 The agglomerated matrix filler has the form of an agglomerated matrix of inorganic component and a carbonaceous component thereof. 它的无机组分可以包括碳酸钙,硫酸钙,氧化镁,碳酸镁颗粒,及诸如此类的东西。 Inorganic components which may include calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, magnesium oxide, magnesium carbonate particles, and whatnot. 一特别优选的凝聚基体填料是凝聚的碳酸钙,最好是凝聚的沉淀碳酸钙。 A particularly preferred agglomerated matrix filler is agglomerated calcium carbonate, precipitated calcium carbonate is preferably agglomerated. 这种凝聚基体填料先制成碳酸钙颗粒和一种粘结剂的含水浆料,然后干燥,该浆料形成碳酸钙的凝聚基体(即,许多碳酸钙颗粒分布在连续的或半连续相的粘结剂中的基体)。 Such an agglomerated matrix filler is made to an aqueous slurry of calcium carbonate particles and an adhesive, and then drying the slurry to form an agglomerated matrix of calcium carbonate (i.e., a number of calcium carbonate particles distributed in a continuous or semi-continuous phase binder matrix). 构成凝聚基体的碳酸钙一般具有小于约20m2/g的表面积,常常是小于约10m2/g,有时小于约1m2/g,测量表面积时用的是Brunauer,Emmett and Teller(BET)方法,在J.Am.Chem.Soc.,Vol.60,P.309(1938)中有所描述。 Calcium carbonate agglomerated matrix typically constituting g having a surface area of ​​less than about 20m2 /, often less than about 10m2 / g, and sometimes less than about 1m2 / g, a surface area when measured by Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) method described in J. Am.Chem.Soc., Vol.60, P.309 described (1938) in. 典型的粘结剂是有机材料,如纤维素的衍生物(如,羧甲基纤维素钠),最好是包含下列含糖物质,如糖浆,高果糖谷物糖浆,或MFNeal Inc.的Carob Powder Code 1739。 Typical binding materials are organic, such as cellulose derivatives (e.g., sodium carboxymethylcellulose), preferably the following sugar containing materials, such as molasses, high fructose corn syrup, or Carob Powder of MFNeal Inc. Code 1739. 其它有机材料,如果胶,藻酸盐和其它前面讲过的有机材料也能应用。 Other organic materials, such as pectin, alginate and other organic materials discussed before can be applied.

最好用喷雾干燥法干燥高含固量的碳酸钙和粘结剂的含水浆料(如,含约40到55重量百分比固体的浆料)而得到碳酸钙颗粒和粘结剂的凝聚颗粒(如,通常是球形颗粒)。 Preferably drying by spray drying a high solids calcium carbonate aqueous slurries and binder (e.g., containing about 40 to 55 weight percent solids in the slurry) of calcium carbonate particles and a binder and agglomerated particles ( For example, generally spherical particles). 另外,浆料也可通过利用加热干燥而得凝聚的碳酸钙和粘结剂的块状固体,该固体块可研磨成所需大小的颗粒。 In addition, slurry may be obtained by drying by heating agglomerated calcium carbonate and a binder solid mass, the solid mass can be ground to the desired particle size. 以干料重为准,碳酸钙与粘结剂的比例可以在约20∶1到约2∶1,最好是约15∶1到约4∶1。 Dry weight of whichever material, the ratio of calcium carbonate to the binder may be about 2 to about 20, preferably about 4 to about 15. 通常用糖类和多糖材料凝聚的无机颗粒在环境条件下与水接触时倾向于失去其凝聚性,这一倾向性的结果使得糖类及多糖材料在水中成为可溶的。 Saccharide and polysaccharide materials usually agglomerated inorganic particles tend to lose its cohesion on contact with water under ambient conditions, so that the result of the tendency of a saccharide and polysaccharide materials become soluble in water.

由无机组分和有机粘结剂组成的凝聚基体须经过热处理。 The agglomerated matrix of inorganic component and an organic binder composition must be heat treated. 这样,有机粘结剂中的挥发性组分被排出,该有机粘结剂被煅烧成基本不溶于水的燃烧时清洁的含碳组分。 Thus, the organic binder volatile components is discharged, the organic binder is calcined to substantially water-insoluble, clean burning carbonaceous component. 通常,为了尽量减少或防止粘结剂被氧化,凝聚基体填料的热处理是在控制气氛条件下进行的。 Generally, in order to minimize or prevent oxidation of the binder, agglomerated matrix filler is heat-treated in a controlled atmosphere conditions. 例如,可参看1989年9月29日申请的申请号为No.414,833的美国专利申请,该专利申请援引在此供参考。 For example, see application number 29 September 1989 filed US patent application No.414,833, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference. 最好,热处理得到的是一种碳质形式的粘结剂,进而提供一种把无机组分颗粒凝聚成基体形式的手段。 Preferably, the heat treatment is a form of carbon obtained adhesive mass, thereby providing a means of particle agglomerates into the inorganic component of the matrix form. 具体地说,凝聚的碳酸钙和粘结剂颗粒可采用烘炉,流化床,旋转煅烧炉,带式煅烧炉,或诸如此类的东西进行热处理(如,温度可高达约625℃,通常达约600℃)。 Specifically, agglomerated calcium carbonate and binder particles employed oven, fluidized bed, rotary calciner, belt calciner, or whatnot heat treatment (e.g., a temperature of up to about 625 deg.] C, generally up to about 600 ℃). 例如,用糖浆凝聚的喷雾干燥的碳酸钙颗粒可以在一个有氮气流过的流化床上加热,即在足以使颗粒加热到约300℃到约625℃的温度下加热,然后收集起来。 For example, syrup agglomerated calcium carbonate particles may be spray dried on a fluidized bed with a heating in a flowing nitrogen, i.e. heated to a temperature sufficient to cause the particles to about 300 deg.] C to about 625 deg.] C under heating, and then collected. 无机组分和有机粘结剂的凝聚基体可以在确保避免无机材料分解的条件下(如,当无机组分是碳酸钙时)通过使凝聚基体在短时间内经受很高的温度(如,高达约900℃)而使有机粘结剂得到煅烧。 Inorganic component and an organic binder in the agglomerated substrate may be sure to avoid decomposition of the inorganic material under conditions (e.g., the time when the inorganic component is calcium carbonate) by subjecting the agglomerated matrix to very high temperatures (e.g., in a short time, up to to about 900 deg.] C) the organic binder to obtain a calcined. 但是,如果无机组分是碳酸钙,并且在煅烧时碳酸钙有部分分解,那么凝聚基体可通过以下方法重新碳酸化:(ⅰ)把该材料置于二氧化碳气氛中,或(ⅱ)把该材料分散到水中并向这分散体系中通入二氧化碳。 However, if the inorganic component is calcium carbonate, calcium carbonate and partially decomposed during calcination, the agglomerated substrate may be re-carbonated by the following method: (i) to the material in a carbon dioxide atmosphere, or (ii) to the material dispersed in water to which carbon dioxide was dispersed system.

煅烧过程后,凝聚的碳酸钙颗粒的碳酸钙含量通常超过80,常常是超过90重量百分比,而碳的含量超过3重量百分比。 After the calcining process, the agglomerated calcium carbonate content of the calcium carbonate particles is generally greater than 80, often more than 90 weight percent, and the carbon content exceeds 3 weight percent. 通常所得的凝聚颗粒过筛到约-50/+325美国筛目大小,常常是约-80/+200美国目。 The resultant agglomerated particles typically screened to about -50 / + 325 U.S. mesh size, often about -80 / + 200 U.S. mesh. 较佳的煅烧的凝聚碳酸钙颗粒基本不溶于水,呈球形,可自由流动具有松密度约0.1克/立方厘米至1.1克/立方厘米,经常是约0.3克/立方厘米至1克/立方厘米,采用汞压技术测得。 Preferred calcined agglomerated calcium carbonate particles substantially insoluble in water, are spherical, free flowing with bulk density of about 0.1 g / cc to 1.1 g / cc, frequently about 0.3 g / cc to 1 g / cm , as measured using mercury intrusion technique. 这样,煅烧过的凝聚碳酸钙颗粒提供一种无机材料,其松下密度低于约2克/立方厘米,最好低于约1克/立方厘米,它包含一松密度大于约2.5克/立方厘米的无机组分。 As such, calcined agglomerated calcium carbonate particles provide an inorganic material which Matsushita density less than about 2 g / cc, preferably less than about 1 g / cc, which comprises a bulk density greater than about 2.5 g / cc inorganic components. 通常,这种煅烧过的凝聚碳酸钙颗粒的表面积小于约30平方米/克,常常是约10平方米/克至25平方米/克,表面积可采用BET法测量。 Typically, such calcined agglomerated calcium carbonate particles is less than a surface area of ​​about 30 m2 / g, usually from about 10 m2 / g to 25 m2 / g, a surface area measured by the BET method may be employed.

如果需要,煅烧过的凝聚无机填料的松密度可以通过用酸化剂消除部分无机组分而使之降低。 If desired, the calcined agglomerated inorganic filler in the bulk density can be reduced by the portion of the inorganic component with an acidulant elimination. 例如,煅烧过的凝聚无机填料可分散在水中,在所得的浆料中加入盐酸水溶液加以搅拌,盐酸与碳酸钙反应,而基本不与含碳组分反应。 For example, calcined agglomerated inorganic filler can be dispersed in water, with stirring, hydrochloric acid was added to react with the calcium carbonate in aqueous hydrochloric acid the resulting slurry, and substantially does not react with the carbon-containing components. 这样,含碳组分把余下的碳酸钙聚在一起,同时一部分碳酸钙则反应而生成二氧化碳气体和可溶于水的氯化钙。 Thus, the carbonaceous component together the remaining calcium carbonate, while a portion of the calcium carbonate reaction to produce carbon dioxide gas and water soluble calcium chloride.

另一类型的可混合入本发明的可吸填料的无机材料是一种低密度无机填料。 Another type of the present invention may be mixed into the smokable filler material is an inorganic low density inorganic filler. 这种填料的制备方法是:先制备一种钙盐颗粒,然后分解钙盐的阴离子并用二氧化碳接触该钙盐颗粒。 Preparation of such fillers are: anionic calcium salt particles prepared first, then decomposed with carbon dioxide in contact with calcium and the calcium salt particles. 合适的钙盐例子包括丙酸钙,琥珀酸钙,酒石酸钙,硬脂酸钙,水杨酸钙,棕榈酸钙,油酸钙,乳酸钙,葡萄糖酸钙,柠檬酸钙,抗坏血酸钙,乙酰水杨酸钙及苯甲酸钙。 Suitable examples of calcium salts include calcium propionate, calcium succinate, calcium tartrate, calcium stearate, calcium salicylate, calcium palmitate, calcium oleate, calcium lactate, calcium gluconate, calcium citrate, calcium ascorbate, acetyl calcium salicylate and calcium benzoate. 其它适当的盐类包括糖和多糖的钙盐。 Other suitable calcium salts include sugars and polysaccharides. 将这些盐经受足以分解阴离子的条件,即通常包括在二氧化碳气氛下进行热处理。 The anions of these salts is subjected to conditions sufficient to decompose, i.e., generally comprising heat treatment under carbon dioxide atmosphere.

一种提供低密度无机填料的方法涉及在通以稳定流速为228毫升/分钟的二氧化碳的情况下,在约600℃加热过筛至-80/+170美国筛目的乳酸钙颗粒约8小时,从而提供一种经历重量损失约65%的材料。 A method of providing a low density inorganic filler involves a method in the case where the through steady stream 228 ml / min of carbon dioxide, sieved to -80 / + 170 U.S. mesh particles of calcium lactate was heated for about 8 hours at about 600 ℃, thereby to provide a material subjected to a weight loss of about 65%. 把约20份重量的该材料加入约80份重量的水中,所得浆料与足够的盐酸溶液接触从而把它的pH值降到约6.8。 To about 20 parts by weight of the material added to about 80 parts by weight of water, the resulting slurry is contacted with sufficient hydrochloric acid solution thereby its pH to about 6.8. 该材料然后从水中取出,水洗,干燥,过筛到颗粒大小为-80/+170美国筛目。 The material was then removed from the water, washed with water, dried, and sieved to a particle size of -80 / + 170 US Mesh. 这种材料95重量百分比以上是碳酸钙,其松密度约0.4克/立方厘米,密度采用汞压法技术测量。 This material is 95% or more by weight of calcium carbonate, a bulk density of about 0.4 g / cc, a density measurement technique using mercury intrusion method.

一般,制造本发明的可吸填料时,先形成一种粘结剂及可吸填料的其它组分的含水浆料,然后将浆料浇注成片并干燥该浇注材料形成比较干的、可加工的片。 In general, when manufacturing a smokable filler according to the present invention, to form an aqueous slurry of binder and other components of the smokable filler, the slurry is then cast into a sheet and drying the cast material to form a relatively dry, processability the piece. 把浆料浇注成片的技术和设备对技工来说是显然的。 The slurry is cast into a film and equipment will be apparent to the artisan. 其它材料,如醋酸钙,碳酸钾,pH控制剂,尿素,氨基酸,氯化钾和/或氢氧化钙,也可以混合入浆料。 Other materials, such as calcium acetate, potassium carbonate, pH control agents, urea, amino acids, potassium chloride and / or calcium hydroxide, may be mixed into a slurry. 螯合剂(如,磷酸氢二铵,柠檬酸钠,六偏磷酸钾或焦磷酸四钠)可混入浆料,其量以能足以控制浆料中的自由钙离子的浓度为度。 Chelating agents (e.g., diammonium phosphate, sodium citrate, potassium hexametaphosphate or tetrasodium pyrophosphate) can be mixed into the slurry in an amount sufficient to control the free calcium ion concentration in the slurry degrees. 浇注的材料可以在室温或高温下干燥。 The potting material can be dried at room temperature or elevated temperature. 进一步,钙盐水溶液可加入浇注的浆料。 Further, the aqueous calcium salt solution may be added to the cast slurry. 所得干片可切碎或碎裂成“条状”,然后切或碎成细的填料形成。 The resulting dried sheet can be shredded or broken into "strip" form, and then cut or broken into fine filler form. 本发明的可吸填料可以用造纸工艺制备。 Smokable filler according to the present invention can be prepared by a papermaking process. 具体地说,一种纤维素材料的含水浆料(如,软木浆,硬木浆,亚麻纤维和/或切碎的烟梗)与前述的填料在-纤维质的带上或丝纲上浇注成一层,然后干燥到所需含水程度。 Specifically, an aqueous slurry of a cellulosic material (e.g., softwood pulp, hardwood pulp, flax fibers and / or shredded tobacco stems) and the filler in - on a fibrous belt or wire cast into a Gang layer, and then dried to the desired degree of moisture. 通常,浆料,香味剂的分散系或溶液,烟草提取物,烟草的某些部分,烟雾形成材料,及诸如此类的东西,均能加在这一层上(如,喷洒),所得的“层”可进一步干燥成片。 Typically, a slurry or solution dispersion, flavoring agents, tobacco extracts, tobacco some parts, aerosol forming materials, and the like things, this can applied to one layer (e.g., spraying), layer was " "may be further dried into tablets. 所得干片可切碎成碎裂成“条状”,然后可切细或切碎成细的填料形式。 The resulting dried sheet can be chopped into broken into "strip" form, and then be chopped or shredded into a fine filler form. 制造纸张的技术和设备对技工是显然的。 Paper manufacturing technology and equipment for the mechanic is obvious.

本发明的可吸填料可被应用适当的挤压技术挤压成所需形状。 Smokable filler material of the present invention may be applied to a suitable extrusion techniques extruded into the desired shape. 例如,见Graves,Jr.等人的美国专利4,880,018号中所述的加工方法,该专利援引在此作为参考。 For example, see the processing method Graves, Jr. Et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,880,018 according to which patent is incorporated herein by reference. 另外,该可吸材料的组分及藻酸盐粘结剂组分的含水浆料可被挤压入钙离子水溶液(如氯化钙水溶液),然后收集并干燥。 Further, the aqueous alginate slurry components and the binder components smokable material can be extruded into an aqueous solution of calcium ions (e.g. calcium chloride), collected and then dried. 如果需要,挤压的可吸填料可被机械加工(如用滚子加工等)成各种需要的形状。 If desired, extruded smokable filler may be machined (e.g., using a roller processing, etc.) into a variety of desired shapes.

本发明的卷烟的可吸烟杆常包括可吸材料的机械混合物或掺合物。 Cigarettes of the present invention may comprise a mechanical mixture of regular smoking rod of smokable material or blend. 掺合物可包括本发明的两种或多种可吸填料,或至少包括一种本发明的可吸填料和至少一种其它可吸材料的机械混合物。 Blend of the present invention may include two or more smokable filler, or at least comprising smokable filler according to the present invention and at least one kind of a mechanical mixture with other smokable materials. 较好的卷烟常在这样一掺合物中包括足够量的至少一种本发明的可吸填料,使每支卷烟中的可吸材料包含掺合物总重的至少1%的含碳材料。 Preferred cigarettes often include a sufficient quantity of at least one smokable filler material of the present invention, so that each cigarette smokable material comprises a blend of at least 1% of the total weight of the carbonaceous material in such a blend. 尤其,具有这种类型可吸填料和低孔隙率的外包裹纸(如,孔隙率小于5CORESTA单位的外包裹纸)的卷烟,在FTC条件下具有保持阴燃的倾向(如,不会自行熄灭),FTC抽烟条件是指2秒内喷吐35ml烟,每60秒吸一次。 In particular, cigarettes having such types of smokable filler material and low porosity paper outer wrappers (e.g., porosity of less than 5CORESTA units overwrap paper), having a tendency to maintain smolder (e.g., under FTC conditions, not self-extinguish ), the FTC smoking conditions of 35ml cigarette ejection means 2 seconds, puff every 60 seconds.

本发明的可吸填料可与切碎的烟草填料混合。 Smokable filler material of the present invention may be mixed with tobacco cut filler. 烟草可以是种种类型的烟草,可以包括烤烟草,Burley,Maryland及Oriental烟草,以及稀有的和特别的烟草,以及它们的混合物。 Tobacco may be various types of tobacco, can include flue-cured, Burley, Maryland and Oriental tobaccos, as well as rare and special tobacco, and mixtures thereof. 这些切碎的烟草填料可以来自烟草叶;体积膨胀的或气胀的烟草叶的形式;处理过的烟梗如切轧或切碎气胀的烟梗;重制的烟草材料,如(ⅰ)Bernasek等人的美国专利4,887,618号和Clapp等人的4,941,484号所述的除去蛋白质的烟草材料,(ⅱ)Hind等人的美国专利3,353,541号,3,420,241号,Hind的3,386,449号及1989年9月13日申请的申请号为406,637及1990年1月5日申请的申请号为461,216专利申请等中所述的含磷酸盐的重制的烟草材料,(ⅲ)1989年11月16日申请的申请号为272,156的美国专利申请和Voges编辑的Tobacco Encyclopedia,P.389TJI(1984)中所述的重制的烟草材料:(ⅳ)1989年9月29日申请的申请号为416,332美国专利申请及1989年9月29日申请的414,833号中所述的重制的烟草材料;或它们的混合物。 These fillers may be shredded tobacco leaves from tobacco; tobacco leaf form or inflatable volume expansion; processed tobacco stems such as cut rolled or chopped tobacco stems bloating; reconstituted tobacco material, such as (i) Bernasek et al., U.S. Patent No. tobacco material removing protein No. 4,887,618 and 4,941,484 to Clapp et al claim, (ii) the Hind et al., U.S. Patent No. 3,353,541, 3, No. 420,241, Hind No. 3,386,449 and application No. 13 September 1989 filed application No. 406,637 and January 5, 1990 461,216 filed patent applications in the phosphate-containing tobacco material manufactured by weight, (iii) application No. 16 November 1989 filed U.S. patent applications and Voges 272,156 edited tobacco Encyclopedia, P.389TJI the (1984) remake the tobacco material: (iv) application No. 29 September 1989 filed application 416,332 and U.S. Patent application 29 September 1989 No. 414,833 of the reconstituted tobacco materials; or a mixture.

对可吸材料可以和通常那样在卷烟制造的不同阶段进行表面处理。 As can be surface treated at various stages of cigarette manufacture of smokable material and generally. 例如,在加工卷烟切碎填料时,可以象通常那样,把香味剂施加到可吸材料上。 For example, in the processing of tobacco cut filler can be as usual, the flavoring agent is applied to the smokable material. 合适的香味剂包括香草醛,可可,甘草,薄荷醇,以及诸如此类的东西。 Suitable flavoring agents include vanillin, cocoa, licorice, menthol, and whatnot. 香味改进剂也可以施加于可吸材料。 Flavor modifiers may also be applied to the smokable material. 乙酰丙酸型的香味改进剂可施加于可吸填料(如,以可吸材料干重为准,用量范围在约0.01%到2%,通常是约0.1%到1%,最好是约0.2%到0.6%)。 Levulinic acid type flavor improving agent may be applied to the smokable filler (e.g., in order to subject the dry weight of the smokable material, in an amount ranging from about 0.01% to 2%, typically from about 0.1% to 1%, preferably from about 0.2 % to 0.6%). 另一种碳酸钾型香味改进剂可施加于可吸材料(如,以可吸材料干重为准,用量少于约5%,一般在约2%到约3%)。 Another type of flavor improving agent of potassium carbonate can be applied to the smokable material (e.g., in order to subject the dry weight of the smokable material, an amount less than about 5%, typically from about 2% to about 3%). 烟雾形成剂和湿润剂如甘油和丙二醇,可施加于可吸材料。 Aerosol forming agents and wetting agents such as glycerin and propylene glycol, can be applied to the smokable material. 作为表面处理成分,这些组分都很容易施加于可吸材料。 As the surface treatment composition, these components are easily applied to the smokable material.

制做可吸烟杆的较好的包裹材料是具有低透气量的卷烟包裹材料。 Making the smokable rod is a cigarette wrapping material preferably wrapping material having a low gas permeation quantity. 这种包裹材料通常空气透过率小于5CORESTA单位,往往小于3CORESTA单位,常常小于1CORESTA单位。 Such wrapping material normally has an air permeability less than 5CORESTA units, often less than 3CORESTA units, often less than 1CORESTA units. 典型的包裹材料是卷烟纸。 Typical wrapping materials are cigarette paper. 合适的包裹材料是卷烟纸,可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的DD-77-1,DD-71-6,MTR-1021,P-2831-60-2,P-2831-60-3,P-2831-60-4,P-2831-60-5,P-2674-110,P-2831-60-1及DD-100-2。 Suitable wrapping materials are cigarette paper, Kimberly-Clark Corp. can be a DD-77-1, DD-71-6, MTR-1021, P-2831-60-2, P-2831-60-3, P- 2831-60-4, P-2831-60-5, P-2674-110, P-2831-60-1 and DD-100-2. 合适的低孔隙率卷烟纸可从市场购得,其中可含有不同水平的可燃化学成分、稀释剂等成分。 Suitable low porosity cigarette paper available from the market, which may contain various levels of burn chemicals ingredient, diluent and other ingredients. 最优选的卷烟纸是包含足够量的聚合膜形成剂以形成所需低透气量的纸。 Most preferred are cigarette paper contains a sufficient amount of the polymeric film forming agent to form the desired amount of the low gas-permeable paper. 例如,一足够量的聚合膜形成剂溶液(如,羧甲基纤维素或乙基纤维素)可施加于包裹纸上。 For example, a sufficient amount of polymeric film-forming agent solution (e.g., carboxymethyl cellulose or ethylcellulose) may be applied to the wrapping paper. 聚合膜形成剂的选择对技术工人是显然的。 Selection of polymeric film forming agent will be apparent to skilled workers.

可供选用的聚合膜形成剂可在造纸过程中施加,或者在造纸完成后以印刷或喷涂层方式施加。 Are available polymeric film forming agent can be applied in the papermaking process, or in a print mode sprayed layer is applied after completion of papermaking. 典型地,为易于加工,聚合膜形成剂作为一种稀溶液施加于纸上(如,相对于溶剂的重量百分比在约0.2到5的浓度)。 Typically, for ease of processing, polymeric film forming agent is applied as a dilute solution to the paper (e.g., relative to the weight percentage of the solvent in a concentration of about 0.2 to 5). 施加于包裹纸上的膜形成剂的量取决于纸的透气率及膜形成剂的成膜能力等因素。 The amount of film forming agent applied to the wrapping paper, and an air permeability depends on factors film forming ability of the film forming agent like paper. 典型地,以纸干重为准,膜形成剂的用量范围在约1%至10%。 Typically, the paper on dry weight, the amount of film forming agent in the range of from about 1% to 10%. 例如,把重量百分比为5的乙基纤维素的乙醇溶液或羧甲基纤维素钠的水溶液,用上胶机施加在纸上,该纸干后形成一无水、防潮包裹纸,孔隙率小于约1CORESTA单位,最好小于约0.5CORESTA单位。 For example, aqueous solution of 5 weight percent of ethylcellulose in ethanol or sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, and use the paper applied to the melter, forming a dry, moisture-proof wrapping paper, paper porosity is less than the post-dry about 1CORESTA units, preferably less than about 0.5CORESTA units.

可吸烟杆及卷烟可用已知卷烟制造设备和技术制成任何已知构形。 Cigarette and smokable rod using known cigarette making techniques and equipment made of any known configuration. 可吸烟杆常包含包卷在一层包裹材料中的可吸材料,但是也有用两层不同类型包裹材料的。 Smokable rods often include smokable material wrapped in a layer of wrapping material, but is also useful for two different types of wrapping material. 例如,参见1990年5月24日申请的申请号为528,302的美国专利申请,该专利申请援引在此作为参考。 For example, application No. see May 24, 1990 filed US Patent Application 528,302, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference.

具有两层包裹材料的烟杆的卷烟最好包括一种前述的低孔隙率包裹纸作为外层包裹材料。 Cigarette tobacco stems having two layers of wrapping material preferably include one of the aforementioned low porosity as the outer wrapping paper wrapping material. 内层包裹材料可以是各种各样的,但典型地是一种含烟草包裹材料。 The inner wrapping material can vary widely, but typically is a tobacco-containing wrapping material. 作为例子,内层包裹材料可以是包括约3份瓜哇烟梗和约1份木浆,可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-2249-115和P-2831-23-3。 By way of example, the inner wrapping material can comprise from about 3 parts of the stems melon wow and about 1 part wood pulp, Kimberly-Clark Corp. can be used in P-2249-115 and P-2831-23-3. 其它合适的内包裹材料(包括烟草部分和含碳材料),可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-2540-94-A,P-2540-94-C和P-2540-94-D。 Other suitable inner wrapping materials (comprising a tobacco portion and a carbonaceous material), Kimberly-Clark Corp. can be used in P-2540-94-A, P-2540-94-C and P-2540-94-D. 内层包裹材料(ⅰ)可包括可燃化学物质(如,柠檬酸钾,乙酸钾或琥珀酸钾),和/或(ⅱ)作为香味的基质(如,薄荷醇香草醛)或香味先质(如,香草醛葡糖苷或乙基香草醛葡糖苷)。 Inner wrapping materials (i) can include burn chemicals substances (e.g., potassium citrate, potassium acetate or potassium succinate), and / or (ii) as the aroma substrate (e.g., menthol grass aldehyde) or flavor precursors ( e.g., vanillin glucoside or ethyl vanillin glucoside).

典型地,可吸烟杆长度范围在约30毫米到约70毫米,最好在约35至约60毫米;周长在约17毫米到约27毫米,最好在约22至约25毫米。 Typically, the smokable rod length of about 30 mm to about 70 mm, preferably from about 35 to about 60 mm; circumferential length of about 17 mm to about 27 mm, preferably from about 22 to about 25 millimeters. 短可吸烟杆(即,长度在约30至约50毫米)也可采用,特别是用于当可吸材料的装填密度比较高的时候。 Short smokable rods (i.e., a length of about 30 to about 50 mm) may also be used, especially when a packing density of the smokable material when relatively high.

外包裹材料内的可吸材料的装填密度可以不同。 Packing density of the smokable material within the outer wrapping material can vary. 本发明的卷烟的典型的可吸烟杆装填密度范围在约150到400毫克/立方厘米。 Cigarettes of the present invention typically loading density of smokable rods range from about 150 to 400 mg / cc. 通常这种可吸烟杆的装填密度范围在约200到380毫克/立方厘米,经常是约250到360毫克/立方厘米,特别是采用短可吸烟杆(即,长度小于约50毫米)时。 Such smokable rods generally packing density in the range from about 200 to 380 mg / cc, often about 250 to 360 mg / cc, in particular, the smokable rod using a short (i.e., less than a length of about 50 millimeters) when.

本发明的卷烟最好包括过滤元件,过滤元件最好多于1节。 Cigarettes of the present invention preferably includes a filter element, the filter element is preferably more than one section. 例如,较好的过滤元件有两段或更多过滤节段。 For example, a preferred filter element has two or more filter segments. 典型地,较好的过滤元件的每一段长度范围在约10毫米到约30毫米;周长在约17毫米到约27毫米,最好在约22毫米到约25毫米。 Typically the length of each segment, preferably the filter element is about 10 mm to about 30 mm; circumferential length of about 17 mm to about 27 mm, preferably from about 22 millimeters to about 25 millimeters. 包裹过滤元件的每一段的衬垫包裹材料典型地是传统的衬垫包裹纸,既可以是透气的也可以是基本不透空气的。 Wrapping each section of the filter element gasket wrapping material is typically a conventional liner wrapping paper, may be a breathable or may be substantially air impermeable.

一节过滤段的较好的过滤材料包括碳质材料(如,活性碳颗粒,木炭颗粒,或碳纸)。 The filter material is preferably a filter segment comprising a carbonaceous material (e.g., activated carbon particles, charcoal particles, or carbon paper). 一个特别好的过滤材料的例子是把烟草/碳纸集在一起的过滤材料,可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-144-BAC。 An example of a particularly preferred filter material is a tobacco / carbon paper current collector with filter material, a Kimberly-Clark Corp. can be used P-144-BAC. 这种过滤材料可减少进入吸烟者嘴里的主流烟的某些气相组分。 This filter material into the smoker's mouth can reduce certain gas phase components of mainstream smoke. 这样,那段过滤材料就可用来减少主流烟中的怪味或其它不希望的特性的组分。 Thus, that part of the filter material can be used to reduce odor components or other undesirable characteristics to the mainstream smoke.

过滤段的另一优选的过滤材料通常包括纤维质材料。 Another preferred filter material of the filter segments typically comprises a fibrous material. 合适的过滤材料的一个例子是集在一起的无纺聚丙烯网状物。 Examples of a suitable filter material is a polypropylene nonwoven web together. 特别好的无纺聚丙烯片状网状物可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的PP-100-F。 Particularly preferred nonwoven polypropylene sheet-like web can be Kimberly-Clark Corp. of PP-100-F. 另一个合适的过滤材料的例子是醋酸纤维素短纤维。 Another example of a suitable filter material is a cellulose acetate tow. 特别优选的醋酸纤维素短纤维类包括(ⅰ)每丝8但尼尔/总共40,000但尼尔,和(ⅱ)每丝8但尼尔/总共15,000但尼尔,(ⅲ)每丝8但尼尔/总共25,000但尼尔,和(ⅳ)每丝8但尼尔/总共30,000但尼尔。 A particularly preferred class of cellulose acetate staple fibers comprising (i) 8 denier per filament / 40,000 total denier, and (ii) 8 denier per filament / 15,000 total denier, (iii) 8 denier per filament / 25,000 total denier, and (ⅳ) 8 denier per filament / 30,000 total denier. 增塑剂,如三醋酸甘油酯,丙二醇或三乙基柠檬酸,可与填充材料混合。 Plasticizers such as glyceryl triacetate, propylene glycol or triethyl citrate, can be mixed with filler material.

另一过滤段的过滤材料可以是聚集在一起的无纺热塑性塑料纤维与水溶性的烟草提取物密切接触而得的含烟草提取物的过滤材料。 Another filter segment can be gathered filter material of nonwoven fibers and thermoplastic water-soluble tobacco extract obtained by closely contacting the tobacco extract-containing filter material. 高优选的无纺聚丙烯纤维网状物可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的PP200SD。 Preferred high polypropylene nonwoven fibrous web was employed to Kimberly-Clark Corp. PP200SD. 作为过滤节段和过滤元件的例子可参阅1989年9月29日申请的申请号为414,835及1990年5月3日申请的518,597号专利申请。 Examples of the filter segments and filter elements can be found in Application September 29, 1989 Application No. 414,835 and Patent Application No. 518,597 May 3, 1990 application. 这些过滤节段能提高通过它的主流烟的香味特性。 The filter segments can improve the flavor characteristics of the mainstream smoke passing through it.

还有一种过滤节段包括烟草纸材料作为过滤材料。 Another filter segment comprising a tobacco paper material as the filter material. 例如,该过滤材料可以是聚集的烟草纸的网状物的形式,该材料可采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-144-B。 For example, the filter material may be in the form of tobacco paper web aggregated, the material can be Kimberly-Clark Corp. of P-144-B.

适合本发明中使用的过滤元件的过滤节段可以采用已知卷烟过滤嘴制造技术制作。 The filter element is suitable for use in the present invention may be used in the filter segments known in cigarette filter fabrication techniques. 过滤元件可采用现有技术用醋酸纤维素短纤维制作。 The filter element can be made with the prior art cellulose acetate staple fibers. 过滤元件也可采用碳纸,烟草纸和片状无纺聚丙烯网状物,并运用Pryor等人的美国专利No.4,807,809中所述的过滤嘴制造技术制造,该专利援引此作为参考。 U.S. Patent No.4,807,809 filter element may be used carbon paper, tobacco paper and a sheet-like nonwoven polypropylene web, and using the Pryor et al in the filter manufacturing techniques, the patent cited herein reference. 另外,可以把炭或活性碳颗粒加入过滤元件,使颗粒位于两合适的过滤材料段之间形成所谓的“三重过滤”。 Further, charcoal or activated carbon particles can be added to the filter element, so that the particles form so-called "triple filter" is located between two segments of suitable filter materials.

过滤元件可具有低、中或高的过滤效力。 The filter element may have a low, medium or high filtration efficiency. 优选的过滤元件具有最小的主流烟(即,烟)排除性而保持卷烟所需的抽吸特性。 Preferred filter elements have minimal mainstream smoke (i.e., smoke) and exclusion of the cigarette to maintain the desired draw characteristics. 这种最小烟去除效率由“低效”过滤元件提供。 Such minimal smoke removal efficiencies of "low efficiency" filter elements provided. 低效过滤元件的去除主流烟中粒子的能力最小。 The minimum capacity of the mainstream smoke was removed by filtration inefficient element particles. 参看,Keith in Schemeltz的The Chemistry of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke,P157,1972年。 See, Keith in Schemeltz of The Chemistry of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke, P157, 1972 years. 一般,低效过滤元件的主流烟粒子去除效率低于约40重量百分比。 In general, the mainstream smoke particles inefficient removal efficiency of the filter element is less than about 40 weight percent.

过滤元件包裹材料包裹过滤元件和邻近区域的可吸烟杆,这样过滤元件包裹材料在可吸烟杆长度方向上伸展约3毫米到约6毫米。 Wrapping material wrapping the filter element of the filter element and an adjacent region of the smokable rod, so that the filter element wrapping material extends about 3 mm to about 6 mm in the longitudinal direction of the smokable rod. 一般,过滤元件包裹材料是传统的过滤元件包裹纸。 Typically, the filter element wrapping material is a conventional paper wrapping the filter element. 多种孔隙率的过滤元件包裹材料可以使用。 The filter element wrapping material can be used more porosity. 例如,过滤元件包裹该材料可以是基本不透气的,透气的,或加工过的(如,通过机械或激光打孔技术)有一部分孔、开口或通气孔以为卷烟提供空气稀释装置。 For example, the filter element wrapping material may be substantially air impermeable, air permeable, or processed (e.g., by mechanical or laser perforation techniques) part of holes, openings or vents that provide a cigarette air dilution means. 孔的总表面积及孔沿卷烟外围的分布可以变化,从而控制卷烟的吸用特性。 Total surface area and pore distribution of pores along the periphery of the cigarette can be varied to control the characteristics of the smoked cigarette.

对于本发明的空气稀释或有通气孔的卷烟,空气稀释的量可以变化。 Or dilution cigarette, the amount of air dilution can vary the air vent of the present invention. 一般来说,用于空气稀释卷烟的空气稀释量大于约25%。 In general, the air dilution for an air diluted cigarette is greater than about 25%. 常常大于约40%。 Often greater than about 40%. 卷烟的空气稀释上限一般低于约75%,更多的低小于约65%。 The upper limit of air dilution for a cigarette typically is less than about 75%, more than about 65% lower. 这里所用的述语“空气稀释”,是指通过空气稀释装置的空气体积与通过卷烟并排出卷烟嘴部分的空气和烟雾(即,烟)的总体积之比(以百分数表示)。 As used herein the term "air dilution" refers to the volume of air passing through the air dilution means to exhaust air and cigarette smoke and cigarette mouth portion (i.e., smoke) the total volume ratio (expressed as a percentage). 参见Selke等人的,Beitr.Zur Tabak.In.,Vol.4,P.193(1978)。 See Selke et al., Beitr.Zur Tabak.In., Vol.4, P.193 (1978).

本发明的卷烟,当吸烟时,能提供有香味的主流烟。 Cigarettes of the present invention, when smoked, provide a mainstream smoke flavor. 该卷烟的主流烟雾所产生的不完全燃烧产物以及气相组分都较低。 The cigarette mainstream smoke generated by incomplete combustion products and gas components are relatively low. 至少当在FTC条件下吸烟时,卷烟以可接受的速度燃烧,并且保持稳定的阴燃。 At least when smoked under FTC conditions, cigarettes burn at an acceptable rate, and maintain a stable smolder. 当吸烟时,卷烟的烟灰和火锥(锥形燃烧面)不过分粘结,因此它不会太长。 When smoking, cigarette ash and fire cone (conical surface burn), but points bond, so it will not be too long. 然而,该卷烟的烟灰及燃烧锥面还是具有良好的完整性,当吸烟时,每支本发明的卷烟通常得到小于约20毫克,较佳的小于约10毫克的侧流“焦油”。 However, the cigarette ash and combustion is tapered with good integrity, when smoked, the cigarette of the present invention is generally obtained Each of less than about 20 mg, preferably less than about 10 mg of sidestream "tar." 这是通过采用Proctor等人的Analyst,Vol.113,P.1509(1988)所述的设备和技术测定的。 This is accomplished by using Proctor et al., Analyst, Vol.113, P.1509 apparatus and techniques according to (1988) assay. 当在FTC条件下吸烟时,这种烟每支能抽吸5口以上,较好地每支烟多于6口。 When smoked under FTC conditions, the smoke Each aspirate above 5, preferably more than 6 per cigarette. 通常本发明的卷烟在FTC条件下抽吸时所能提供的抽吸次数不到20次,往往不到15次。 The number of puffs cigarette generally present invention when smoked under FTC conditions can provide less than 20 times, often less than 15 times.

下面为了进一步阐述本发明而提供了一些例子,但本发明不限制于这些例子。 In order to further illustrate the present invention below provide some examples, but the present invention is not limited to these examples. 除非另有说明,例子中所有份数和百分比数都是重量百分比。 Unless otherwise indicated, all parts and percentages are by weight number of examples.

例1A.含烟草可吸填料的制备按下述方法制备了一种填料:在高剪切混合器中加入约500份自来水和约5份高粘度藻酸铵,后者采用Kelco Division of Merck & Co.,Inc.的Amoloid HV。 Example 1A Preparation of the tobacco-containing smokable filler according to the following method of preparing a filler: addition of about 500 parts tap water and about 5 parts of a high viscosity ammonium alginate in a high shear mixer, which uses Kelco Division of Merck & amp; Co., Inc.'s Amoloid HV. 所得混合物在室温条件下搅拌,使藻酸铵分散在水中并使藻酸铵水合。 The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature, so that ammonium alginate, ammonium alginate was dispersed in water and hydrated. 然后向水/藻酸铵混合物中加入约95份沉淀碳酸钙,后者可采用Pfizer Inc.的USP Light。 Then about 95 parts of precipitated calcium carbonate was added to the water / alginate mixture, which may be employed in the USP Light Pfizer Inc.. 所得到的浆料在适当速度下搅拌约10分钟直到得到稠的浆料。 The resulting slurry was stirred for about 10 minutes until a thick slurry was obtained at an appropriate speed.

将浆料进行喷雾干燥,喷雾干燥采用Anhydro Type Lab S1喷雾干燥机,它的雾化喷嘴的进口温度为约290℃出口温度为约220°F。 The slurry was spray-dried using spray-drying an Anhydro Type Lab S1 spray dryer, the inlet temperature of the atomizing nozzle that an outlet temperature of about 290 ℃ about 220 ° F. 该喷雾干燥机配备有Masterflex Pump System使用由Cole-Parmer Instrument Co.提供的7016-20型头子。 The spray dryer is equipped with a Masterflex Pump System using the head model 7016-20 supplied by Cole-Parmer Instrument Co.. 喷嘴气压为4psi,液体关入速度是把泵速控制到2的速度。 Nozzle pressure of 4psi, the liquid velocity is confined in the pump speed control to speed 2. 所得的喷雾干燥颗粒通常是球形的。 The resulting spray dried particles are generally spherical. 颗粒筛到大小为-80/+325美国筛目。 The particle size of -80 mesh / + 325 US Mesh.

喷雾干燥颗粒可自由流动,在室温下基本不溶于水,具有防潮性,在环境条件下与水接触时保持凝聚状态。 Spray dried particles are free flowing, substantially insoluble in water at room temperature, it has a moisture resistance, the state remains aggregated when contacted with water under ambient conditions. 每一个颗粒是许多沉淀碳酸钙颗粒分散在藻酸盐中的凝聚基体。 Each matrix of many particles are agglomerated precipitated calcium carbonate particles dispersed in the alginate.

一种可吸材料的制备如下:在装有225份自来水的高剪切混合器中缓慢加入约5份高粘度藻酸铵,后者采用的是Kelco Division of Merck & Co.,Inc.的Amoloid HV。 Preparing a smokable material as follows: a high shear mixer with 225 parts of water was slowly added to about 5 parts of a high viscosity ammonium alginate, which is used in Kelco Division of Merck & amp; Co., Inc's. Amoloid HV. 所得到的混合物在室温下搅拌,使藻酸铵分散到水中并水合化。 The mixture was stirred at room temperature, ammonium alginate dispersed in water and hydrated. 然后向水/藻酸铵混合物中加入20份甘油和25份自来水。 Then, 20 parts of glycerin and 25 parts tap water to the water / alginate mixture. 再向混合物中加17.2份前面所述的凝聚碳酸钙。 To the mixture was added 17.2 parts of the previously described agglomerated calcium carbonate. 所得到的浆料再搅拌直到得到稠的浆料。 The resulting slurry was stirred until a thick slurry is obtained.

把浆料浇注在一层高密度聚乙烯片上,厚约0.025英寸,晾干。 The slurry is cast on a layer of high density polyethylene sheet, a thickness of about 0.025 inches, dry. 所得薄所为淡褐色且具有柔性。 The resulting light brown thin and has flexibility. 用切纸机把薄片每英寸切32刀。 With the sheet cutter 32 cuts per inch.

在切碎的薄片上撒上约8.5份细分的Pennsylvania雪茄烟叶。 Sprinkle with about 8.5 parts breakdown of Pennsylvania chopped cigar tobacco on the sheet.

B.卷烟的制备如图3所示的卷烟制备如下:每支卷烟长约84mm,周长约24.8mm,包括长约57mm的可吸烟杆,长约15mm的第一过滤段和长约12mm的第二过滤段。 B. Preparation of a Cigarette Cigarettes prepared as shown in FIG. 3 as follows: The cigarettes each about 84mm, a circumference of about 24.8 mm, comprising a smokable rod length of 57mm, a first filter segment length of about 15mm and a length of 12mm The second filter segment. 第一和第二过滤段形成一个过滤元件。 The first and second filter segments form a filter element. 两过滤段由无孔的过滤元件包裹纸固定在可吸烟杆上。 Smoking two pole filter segment of a non-porous filter wrapping paper element secured. 对每支卷烟,过滤元件包裹纸环绕包裹过滤器和在烟杆与过滤器相接处的约4mm长的可吸烟杆。 For each cigarette, the filter element filter wrapping paper wrap around and contact at the smokable rod and the filter length of about 4mm smokable rod. 通过在离过滤器的最前端约12mm处打一圈环绕过滤器且穿透过滤器的过滤元件包裹纸和衬垫材料的孔而使过滤器可通入约60%的稀释空气。 Through the filter element filter wrapping paper in the hole from about 12mm from the foremost end of the play of the filter and the circle around the filter and the filter penetration of the gasket material may pass into about 60% of the dilution air.

可吸烟杆包括前述切碎填料形式的含烟草的可吸材料。 Tobacco-containing smokable rod includes the smokable material in the form of cut filler.

第一过滤段由聚集11.75英寸宽的烟草和碳纸带而成,后者采用的是Kimberly-Clark Corp.的(P-144-BAC),使用Pryor等人的美国专利4,807,809号的实例1中所述的过滤杆制造设备。 The first filter segment aggregates by the tape tobacco 11.75 inches wide and is made of carbon, which is used in Kimberly-Clark Corp.'s (P-144-BAC), using the Pryor et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,807,809 filter rod-making apparatus according to example 1. 过滤段的衬垫(衬套)纸可采用Ecusta Corp.的制品编号为5831。 Liner (liner) may be employed paper filter segment Ecusta Corp. product number 5831. 第一过滤段毗邻可吸烟杆。 The first filter segment adjacent the smokable rod.

第二过滤段由聚集11.75英寸宽的无纺聚丙烯网状物(带)而成,后者采用的是Kimberly-Clark Corp.的PP-100-F,并使用Pryor等人的美国专利第4,807,809号的第一个实例中所述的过滤杆制造设备。 The second filter segment of 11.75 inches wide gathered nonwoven polypropylene web (strip) formed, which is used in Kimberly-Clark Corp.'s PP-100-F, and using the Pryor et al., U.S. Patent No. 4 , 807, 809 of the first instance number in the filter rod manufacturing equipment. 过滤段的衬垫(衬套)纸可采用Ecusta Corp.的制品,编号为5831。 Liner (liner) may be employed paper filter segment article Ecusta Corp., No. 5831. 第二过滤段毗邻第一过滤器,在卷烟的最末端(嘴端)。 A second filter adjacent the first filter segment, the extreme end (tip end) of the cigarette.

卷烟的外包裹纸的空气透过率为0CORESTA单位。 Air permeability cigarette paper overwrap is 0CORESTA units. 卷烟纸采用Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-2831-60-1。 The cigarette paper of Kimberly-Clark Corp. using the P-2831-60-1.

可吸烟杆的内包裹材料是含烟草的纸,采用的是Kimberly-Clark Corp.的P-2831-23-3。 Wrapping the smokable rod is a tobacco-containing sheet material, is used in Kimberly-Clark Corp.'s P-2831-23-3.

运用已知技术制造可吸烟杆。 Using known technology to produce smokable rod. 具体地说,可吸材料由一层包裹纸环绕包裹。 In particular, the smokable material by a layer of wrapping paper wrap around. 每支可吸烟杆中的可吸材料重约1克。 Each smokable material of the smokable rod in the weight of about 1 gram.

卷烟通过点烯可吸烟杆,使包卷纸中的可吸材料燃烧产生烟而抽吸。 Cigarette smoking rod by spot-ene can, so that the paper bag burning smokable tobacco material is sucked. 使用时这种卷烟产生很低水平的可见侧流烟和基本没有侧流异味。 The cigarettes yield very low levels of visible sidestream smoke and use substantially no sidestream odor. 在FTC吸烟条件下该卷烟在阴燃阶段不会自行熄灭。 In the cigarette under FTC smoking conditions not self-extinguish smoldering stage.

例2用藻酸盐凝聚的碳酸钙颗粒的制备如下:在混合器中加入约750ml自来水,再加入约20克甘油。 Preparation Example 2 alginate agglomerated calcium carbonate particles as follows: Add about 750ml of tap water in a mixer and then about 20 g glycerin. 小心搅拌下向其中缓慢加入约10克例1所述的藻酸铵,使藻酸铵分散在水中。 Caution was slowly added thereto with stirring to about 10 grams of the ammonium alginate described in Example 1, dispersed in water so that ammonium alginate. 所得混合物转入-1升的广口瓶中,封口,小心转动过夜,使藻酸铵水合化。 The resulting mixture was transferred to a 1 liter jar, sealed, carefully rotated overnight to hydrate the alginate.

把250克沉淀碳酸钙加入250克自来水中得一浆料,沉淀碳酸钙采用Pfizer Inc.的Code No.2A。 250 g of the precipitated calcium carbonate is added to 250 g tap water to give a slurry of precipitated calcium carbonate using Code No.2A Pfizer Inc.'s. 然后往浆料中加入200克水/甘油/藻酸铵的混合物。 Then the slurry to the water / glycerol mixture is 200 g / ammonium alginate is added. 所得浆料小搅拌得到一质地均匀的浆料。 The resulting slurry was stirred to obtain a uniform slurry small a texture.

浆料浇注在高密度聚乙烯片上,厚约0.04英寸,晾干得到6英寸见方的干片。 The slurry is cast on a high density polyethylene sheet at a thickness of about 0.04 inches, 6 inches square and dried to give a dry sheet. 所得干片手磨成小颗粒形状,过筛至-50美国筛目大小。 The resulting dried hand sheet ground into small particle form, screened to -50 mesh U.S. sieve size.

煅烧的凝聚碳酸钙颗粒的制备如下:室温条件下,在低剪切混合器中加入约832份自来水,约757份沉淀碳酸钙颗粒(采用Pfizer Inc.的Albacar 5970)以及约267份糖浆。 Preparation of the calcined agglomerated calcium carbonate particles as follows: at room temperature, the addition of about 832 parts tap water in a low shear mixer, about 757 parts precipitated calcium carbonate particles (in Albacar Pfizer Inc. 5970), and about 267 parts molasses. 碳酸钙为瓣状结构,平均颗粒大小(即,直径)为约2微米。 Calcium carbonate is a flap-like structure, mean particle size (i.e., diameter) of about 2 microns. 糖浆采用Savannah Sugar Co.的Refiner's Syrup,固/水含量比约3.7∶1。 Syrup using the Refiner Savannah Sugar Co.'s Syrup, solids / water content ratio of about 3.7:1. 所得混合物搅拌约5到10分钟,得到的浆料的固体含量为约52%,粘度约1,200cps,粘度测量仪器为Brookfield LVT粘度计,带有圆柱形LV4号轴。 The resulting mixture was stirred for about 5 to 10 minutes, and the solid content of the slurry obtained was about 52%, a viscosity of about 1,200cps, a viscosity measuring instrument Brookfield LVT viscometer with LV4 spindle No. cylindrical.

浆料喷雾干燥时连续泵入浆料,速度约6磅/分钟,浆料馈入喷雾干燥器的压力约为475到500psig。 When the slurry is continuously pumped into a spray drying the slurry, the speed of about 6 pounds / min, the slurry was fed into a spray dryer 475 to a pressure of about 500 psig. 喷雾干燥器用的是Bowen Type工业用型,配备有一个SD-46喷嘴,并按工业方式操作。 Spray dryer using a Bowen Type industrial type, equipped with an SD-46 nozzle, press industrial manner. 入口处温度约为470°F,出口处温度约为260°F。 Entrance temperature of about 470 ° F, the outlet temperature is about 260 ° F. 所得的喷雾干燥颗粒通常为球形,水份含量低于2%。 The resulting spray dried particles are generally spherical, a moisture content of less than 2%. 颗粒过筛到-70/+200美国筛目。 Particles screened to -70 / + 200 US Mesh.

喷雾干燥的颗粒被放在一宽12英寸、长36英寸的钢盘中,厚约0.5英寸。 The spray dried particles are placed in a 12 inches wide, 36 inches long steel plate, a thickness of about 0.5 inches. 然后这个盘被以8到12英寸/分钟的速度送入一个带式炉中,在氮气氛中用高于600℃的温度加热约10分钟,在400℃下约20分钟。 The disk is then fed at a rate of 8 to 12 inches / min in a belt furnace at temperatures above 600 deg.] C in a nitrogen atmosphere was heated for about 10 minutes, at 400 deg.] C for about 20 minutes. 接着,炉温调到约720℃,钢盘此时经受约670℃的最高气温。 Subsequently, the furnace temperature was adjusted to about 720 ℃, the steel plate at this time is subjected to a maximum temperature of about 670 ℃. 在氮气氛下,加热过的颗粒从炉中取出到一冷却区域约1小时,冷却至室温。 Under a nitrogen atmosphere, heated particles removed from the furnace into a cooling zone for about 1 hour, cooled to room temperature.

这样得到的煅烧后的颗粒是黑色、球形、可流动和防潮的。 Calcined particles thus obtained was black, spherical, flowable and moisture. 颗粒的93%是碳酸钙,表现出的松密度约0.5克/立方厘米。 93% of the calcium carbonate particles exhibit a bulk density of about 0.5 g / cc. 每个颗粒是很多沉淀碳酸钙颗粒分布在含碳材料中的凝聚基体。 Each lot of precipitated calcium carbonate particles are distributed in the carbonaceous material particles of agglomerated matrix.

一种含烟草的可吸填料的制备如下:在高剪切混合器中加入约225毫升自来水,在水中分散着约5克如例1中所述的藻酸铵。 Preparing a tobacco-containing smokable filler material as follows: about 225 ml tap water was added in a high shear mixer, dispersed about 5 g as ammonium alginate described in Example 1 in water. 所得混合物在室温下小心搅拌约15分钟,直到藻酸铵水合化。 The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 15 minutes carefully until hydrated ammonium alginate. 然后,向混合物中加入约20克甘油,再加入约25毫升自来水。 Then, about 20 grams of glycerol was added to the mixture, then add about 25 ml tap water. 再向该混合物加入约16.7克已被磨成粉末的“美国混合型”烟草的切碎填料。 To this mixture was added about 16.7 grams of powdered "American blend" of tobacco cut filler. 然后,向混合物中加入约25毫升自来水。 Then, about 25 ml tap water was added to the mixture. 所得混合物搅拌直到得到均匀的浆料。 The resulting mixture was stirred until a homogeneous slurry. 向浆料中加入约13.8克煅烧过的凝聚碳到钙和13.8克用藻酸铵凝聚的碳酸钙所得浆料搅拌直到浆料质地均匀。 It was added to the slurry to about 13.8 grams of carbon to the calcined agglomerated calcium carbonate and 13.8 g of ammonium alginate resulting coagulated slurry was stirred until homogeneous slurry texture. 所得浆料浇注在一高压聚乙烯片上,厚约0.025英寸,晾干。 The resulting slurry is cast on a high-pressure polyethylene sheet, a thickness of about 0.025 inches, dry.

例3A.凝聚基体填料的制备:室温下加入约500份自来水并在混合器中保持高剪切,加入约5份藻酸铵,后者采用Amoloid HV。 Example 3A Preparation of agglomerated matrix filler: about 500 parts of water were added at room temperature and maintained at high shear in a blender is charged about 5 parts ammonium alginate, which uses Amoloid HV. 搅拌混合物直到藻酸铵完全水合。 Ammonium alginate mixture was stirred until fully hydrated. 然后把混合物移入一打蛋器型的混合器。 The mixture was then transferred to an egg beater type mixer. 然后将约94.5份例1所述的沉淀碳酸钙加入混合物中。 Then about 94.5 parts precipitated calcium carbonate in Example 1 was added to the mixture. 连续搅拌直到混合物达到一均匀的稠度。 Continuously stirred until the mixture reaches a homogeneous consistency. 然后向混合物中加入约0.5份Aldrich Chemical Co.生产的十二烷基硫酸钠。 Then about 0.5 parts of sodium lauryl sulfate produced by Aldrich Chemical Co. to the mixture. 连续搅拌约15分钟至混合物发泡。 Continuously stirred for about 15 minutes to foam the mixture.

浇注厚约0.05英寸的浆料到一高密度聚乙烯片上,晾干。 Casting a slurry to a thickness of about 0.05 inches onto a high density polyethylene sheet dry. 所得薄片为白色,很脆。 The resulting sheet is white and very brittle. 磨碎,过筛,得-30/+100美国筛目大小的颗粒。 Ground and sieved to obtain -30 / + 100 U.S. mesh size granules. 这种材料浸入水中也不会改变性质(丢失结构)。 This material is immersed in water does not change the nature of (loss structure). 因为粘结剂是不溶于水的。 Because the binder is water-insoluble. 用量筒测得该物质的堆积密度约0.26克/立方厘米。 Graduated cylinder measured bulk density of the material from about 0.26 g / cc. 用同样方法测得原始碳酸钙的堆积密度约为0.46克/立方厘米。 Have the same original measured as calcium carbonate, bulk density of about 0.46 g / cc.

B.可吸填料的制备:室温下加入约200份自来水并在混合器中保持高剪切,再加入约3.33份藻酸铵,如Amoloid HV,然后加入约4.5份甘油。 B. Preparation of smokable filler: addition of about 200 parts tap water at room temperature and maintained at high shear in a blender, then add about 3.33 parts ammonium alginate as Amoloid HV, then about 4.5 parts glycerin. 该混合物搅拌约15分钟直到组分完全水合。 The mixture was stirred for about 15 minutes until the components are fully hydrated. 然后把混合物移入一个打蛋器型混合器并搅拌。 The mixture was then transferred to an egg beater type mixer and agitated. 另外取约60份前述凝聚碳酸钙与约400份自来水混合,再把所得浆料加入混合物中。 Further taking about 60 parts of the agglomerated calcium carbonate is mixed with about 400 parts of water, the resulting slurry was then added to the mixture. 小心搅拌混合物直到稠度均匀。 CAUTION mixture was stirred until a homogeneous consistency. 浇注厚约0.05英寸的浆料到一高密度聚乙烯片上。 Casting a slurry of a thickness of about 0.05 inches to a high density polyethylene sheet. 所得薄片是白色和柔软的。 The resulting sheet is white and soft. 所得的该薄片的密度为约0.39克/立方厘米。 The resulting sheet density of about 0.39 g / cc. 用原始非凝聚沉淀碳酸钙所制片的密度为约0.96克/立方厘米。 With the original non-agglomerated precipitated calcium carbonate production density of about 0.96 g / cc. 该可吸填料然后被切成约1/32英寸宽的条用作可吸的切碎填料。 The smokable filler material is then cut into wide strips about 1/32 inch chopped smokable filler used.

例4一种凝聚基体填料的制备如下:室温下加入约20份自来水,并在混合器中保持高剪切,再加入约5份HM Sugarles果胶,采用Hercules Chemicals的Type LM-20 AS-Z。 Example 4 Preparation of an agglomerated matrix filler is one kind of the following: was added at room temperature to about 20 parts of water, and maintained at high shear in a blender, then about 5 parts HM Sugarles pectin, using the Hercules Chemicals Type LM-20 AS-Z . 搅拌混合物直到果胶完全水合。 The mixture was stirred until the pectin is fully hydrated. 然后把混合物移入一打蛋器型的混合器。 The mixture was then transferred to an egg beater type mixer. 另外向约200份自来水中加入约60份例1所述的沉淀碳酸钙。 About 60 parts of precipitated calcium carbonate according to Example 1 was further added to about 200 parts tap water. 然后向其中加入约0.3份单油酸聚氧乙烯基脱水山梨糖醇酯(采用Sigma Chemical Co.的Tween 80),再在浆料中加入果胶混合物,搅拌约15分钟,在搅拌过程中混合物发泡。 Then added about 0.3 parts of polyoxyethylene monooleate, sorbitan esters (Sigma Chemical Co. using 80 Tween), then add the pectin in the slurry mixture was stirred for about 15 minutes, the mixture was stirred during foam.

把发泡的浆料浇在高密度聚乙烯片上,形成厚约0.05英寸的一层,晾干。 The foamed slurry was poured on a high density polyethylene sheet, forming a layer of a thickness of about 0.05 inches, to dry. 晾干后向它喷淋5%的氯化钙水溶液,使所得薄片含有约1份氯化钙。 After spray drying it to a 5% aqueous calcium chloride solution, the resulting sheet contains about 1 part calcium chloride. 所得到的片为白色,很脆。 The resulting sheet is white and very brittle. 磨碎过筛得-30/+100美国筛目颗粒度的碎片。 Milled and sieved -30 / + 100 US Mesh particle fragmentation degree obtained. 用量筒测量,该物质的堆积密度为0.28克/立方厘米。 Measured with a graduated cylinder, the bulk density of the material is 0.28 g / cc. 用同样方法测量,原始碳酸钙的堆积密度为约0.46克/立方厘米。 Using the same measurement method, the bulk density of the original calcium carbonate is from about 0.46 g / cc.

所得凝聚基体填料用于制造可吸填料,与例1中所述方法相同。 The resulting agglomerated matrix filler is used to manufacture a smokable filler material, the same method described in Example 1.

Claims (14)

1.一种卷烟,其特征在于,包括:(a)一个可填料,它包含(i)藻酸盐组分和碳酸钙组分的凝聚基体填料和(ii)烟草的紧密的混合物;和(b)一包裹材料,包卷该可吸填料。 1. A cigarette comprising: (a) a filler comprising (i) agglomerated matrix filler intimate mixture and (ii) the tobacco component and calcium alginate component; and ( b) a wrapping material wrapping the smokable filler material.
2.如权利要求1所述的卷烟,其特征在于,该可吸填料中包含一种粘结剂。 The cigarette as claimed in claim 1, wherein the smokable filler material comprises an adhesive.
3.如权利要求2所述的卷烟,其中该粘结剂包含藻酸铵。 The cigarette as claimed in claim 2, wherein the binder comprises ammonium alginate.
4.如权利要求1、2或3所述的卷烟,其特征在于,该烟草具有烟草提取物的形式。 1, 2 or cigarette as claimed in claim 3, wherein the tobacco has the form of a tobacco extract.
5.如权利要求4所述的卷烟,其特征在于,该可吸填料包含一种烟雾形成材料。 5. The cigarette of claim 4, wherein the smokable filler comprising an aerosol forming material.
6.如权利要求1所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中的包卷材料是一种孔隙率小于5CORESTA单位的纸。 The cigarette as claimed in claim 1, wherein, wherein the wrapping material is a porosity of less than 5CORESTA paper units.
7.如权利要求1所述的卷烟,其特征在于,该凝聚基体填料中对每1份重量的藻酸盐组分有10到99份重量的碳酸钙组分。 7. The cigarette according to claim 1, wherein the agglomerated matrix filler is calcium carbonate component has from 10 to 99 parts by weight of alginate per 1 part by weight of component.
8.一种卷烟,其特征在于,包括:(a)包含具有碳酸钙组分和藻酸盐组分的凝聚基体填料的可吸填料;和(b)一包卷可吸填料的包裹材料。 8. A cigarette comprising: (a) smokable filler comprising calcium carbonate component and an alginate having a component of the agglomerated matrix filler; and (b) a wrapping material wrapping the smokable filler.
9.如权利要求8所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中该可吸填料包含一粘结剂。 The cigarette as claimed in claim 8, wherein, wherein the smokable filler comprises a binder.
10.如权利要求9所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中所述粘结剂包括藻酸铵。 10. The cigarette according to claim 9, wherein, wherein the binder comprises ammonium alginate.
11.如权利要求8所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中该包裹材料是一种孔隙率小于5CORESTA单位的纸。 11. The cigarette according to claim 8, wherein the wrapping material wherein a porosity of less than 5CORESTA paper units.
12.如权利要求8所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中所述凝聚基体填料中对每一份重量的藻酸盐组分有10到99份重量的碳酸钙组分。 12. The cigarette according to claim 8, wherein the agglomerated matrix filler wherein the calcium carbonate component from 10 to 99 parts by weight of alginate component every weight.
13.如权利要求1或8所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中所述可吸填料包含磷酸氢二铵。 13. The cigarette of claim 1 or claim 8, wherein, wherein said smokable filler comprises diammonium phosphate.
14.如权利要求1或8所述的卷烟,其特征在于,其中所述可吸填料中包含残留发泡剂。 14. The cigarette of claim 1 or claim 8, wherein, wherein said smokable filler material comprises residual blowing agent.
CN 90108150 1989-09-29 1990-09-29 Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor CN1026751C (en)

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US07/414,833 US5074321A (en) 1989-09-29 1989-09-29 Cigarette
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