CN102672573B - Automatic grinding and polishing system for crystal blanks and auxiliary machine of automatic grinding and polishing system - Google Patents

Automatic grinding and polishing system for crystal blanks and auxiliary machine of automatic grinding and polishing system Download PDF

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CN102672573B
CN102672573B CN201210188515.XA CN201210188515A CN102672573B CN 102672573 B CN102672573 B CN 102672573B CN 201210188515 A CN201210188515 A CN 201210188515A CN 102672573 B CN102672573 B CN 102672573B
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cylinder
fixing plate
fixture
clamp fixing
crystal blank
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CN102672573A (en
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虞卫东
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ZHEJIANG OUYUAN MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention discloses an auxiliary machine of an automatic grinding and polishing system for crystal blanks. The auxiliary machine comprises a charging and discharging mechanism, a docking mechanism and a transfer mechanism, wherein the crystal blanks can be disassembled from a fixture and another batch of the crystal blanks can be fixed on the fixture by the charging and discharging mechanism; the crystal blanks can be transferred and fixed on another fixture from the fixture by the docking mechanism, and the positions of the two fixtures can be switched by the docking mechanism; the fixtures can be picked up and put down by the transfer mechanism, and the fixtures can be transferred among at least four stations by the transfer mechanism; the charging and discharging mechanism, the docking mechanism and the transfer mechanism are installed on a same engine seat bottom plate; and the charging and discharging mechanism and the docking mechanism are respectively installed at both sides of the transfer mechanism. The invention also discloses an automatic grinding and polishing system for the crystal blanks adopting the machine. The automatic grinding and polishing system has high processing efficiency, high degree of automation and reasonable layout and is stable and reliable, and the cost is saved.

Description

A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and Aided Machine thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to crystal product polishing processing field, relate to a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system of crystal blank being carried out to automation polishing processing, and for the Aided Machine of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system.
Background technology
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system has been proposed in the patent application that inventor is CN2012100824727 at number of patent application, adopt swivel mount and head form to realize the conversion between grinding process and polishing process, adopt hand type transfer device realize grinding and polishing operation with upper material process, dock the conversion between operation, blanking procedure.And, having adopted can be by the docking mechanism of the position exchange of two fixtures of docking, on docking station, each circulation is only a fixture like this, such transfer device station that just can achieve a butt joint, fixture circulation cycle between loading and unloading station, so not only realized on crystal blank, the full-automatic polishing processing on lower semisphere inclined-plane, guaranteed polishing processing quality, and each station is arranged more rationally succinct, it is well-to-do that station mechanism arranges space, reduced board overall volume, for realizing full-automatic processing, multiple computer desk series connection (or adopting pin-connected panel board) provides feasibility, greatly reduce manufacture, transportation, the difficulty of installation and debugging and maintenance and cost, simplify fixture and shifted circulation style, board energy consumption and material manufacturing cost have been reduced.Wherein, illustrated that the concrete structure of docking mechanism is found in the patent documentation of publication number CN102152190A, CN102152188A, CN202162662U, also illustrated that the concrete structure of charging and discharging mechanism is found in the patent documentation of publication number CN102211305A.But inventor thinks that disclosed each mechanism of above-mentioned patent documentation still needs to be further improved.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, one of object of the present invention is to provide a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, and arrangement of mechanism is reasonable, Stability Analysis of Structures is reliable, working (machining) efficiency is high, low cost of manufacture.
Two of object of the present invention is to provide a kind of auxiliary machinery that helps for above-mentioned automatic grinding and polishing system.
To achieve the above object, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme:
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, comprise: the first swivel mount, around the first swivel mount, be provided with at least one episphere grinding station that the episphere of crystal blank is carried out to grinding and the episphere of crystal blank carried out to the episphere polishing station of polishing with at least one, the first swivel mount can rotate and locate and be provided with at least two heads; The second swivel mount, around the second swivel mount, be provided with at least one lower semisphere grinding station that the lower semisphere of crystal blank is carried out to grinding and the lower semisphere of crystal blank carried out to the lower semisphere polishing station of polishing with at least one, the second swivel mount can rotate and locate and be provided with at least two heads; Loading and unloading station, is provided with and crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism on this fixture from fixture; Docking station, is provided with the docking mechanism that crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to position exchange from a fixture switching; And, the transfer device that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between head on head on loading and unloading station, the first swivel mount, docking station and the second swivel mount successively; Wherein, on described episphere grinding station and lower semisphere grinding station, be equipped with grinding mechanism, on described episphere polishing station and lower semisphere polishing station, be equipped with polishing mechanism.
Inclined plane milling and casting processing for crystal blank relates generally to material loading, episphere grinding, episphere polishing, docking, lower semisphere grinding, lower semisphere polishing, blanking.In the technical program: adopt swivel mount and head form to realize the conversion between grinding process and polishing process, because fixture coordinates one with clamping fixture seat in this process, there is not the circulation of fixture, so can guarantee the processing uniformity of grinding process He Hou road, front road polishing process, yet the overall precision of polishing processing can be guaranteed to the accuracy of manufacture of relevant grinding and polishing station mechanism by swivel mount, head; Adopt hand type transfer device realize grinding and polishing operation with loading and unloading operation, dock the conversion between operation, because fixture circulates in this process, fixture in turn with loading and unloading station, docking station on clamping fixture seat (clamp fixing plate) be fixed, so can rely on self quality of fit of clamping fixture seat and associated mechanisms on each station to guarantee loading and unloading, dock and implemented, these operations can be more lower slightly with respect to grinding and polishing operation concerning the requirement of quality of fit certainly.And, in technique scheme, having adopted can be by the docking mechanism of the position exchange of two fixtures of docking, on docking station, each circulation is only a fixture like this, such transfer device station that just can achieve a butt joint, fixture circulation cycle between loading and unloading station, so not only realized on crystal blank, the full-automatic polishing processing on lower semisphere inclined-plane, guaranteed polishing processing quality, and each station is arranged more rationally succinct, it is well-to-do that station mechanism arranges space, reduced board overall volume, for realizing full-automatic processing, multiple computer desk series connection (or adopting pin-connected panel board) provides feasibility, greatly reduce manufacture, transportation, the difficulty of installation and debugging and maintenance and cost, simplify fixture and shifted circulation style, board energy consumption and material manufacturing cost have been reduced.
For adopting swivel mount and head form to realize the machinery of multi-station polishing processing, can adopt existing equipment, the disclosed a kind of four-station water drill inclined plane milling and casting machine of patent documentation that for example inventor's publication number is CN101269472A and the follow-up disclosed mechanism of improvement patent documentation, the discloseder a kind of water of patent documentation that many gem grinding devices of the disclosed a kind of Multi-disk of the patent documentation that for example publication number is CN2715913Y, publication number are CN2825203Y bores polisher lapper.It should be noted that, above-mentioned swivel mount can be rotating disk form, also can rack form; A fixture can be installed on above-mentioned head and also a plurality of fixtures can be installed; Above-mentioned crystal blank can be crystal ball blank, can be also water rough diamond part or other special-shaped crystal blanks; Above-mentioned grinding mechanism is square position grinding mechanism or roll-type grinding mechanism (cylinder emery wheel mechanism), and above-mentioned polishing mechanism is square position polishing mechanism or drum polisher structure (cylinder emery wheel mechanism); The concrete structure of grinding mechanism, polishing mechanism is found in above-mentioned patent documentation, for the concrete structure of docking mechanism, be found in the patent documentation of publication number CN102152190A, CN102152188A, CN202162662U, for the concrete structure of feed mechanism, cutting agency or charging and discharging mechanism, be found in the patent documentation that publication number is CN102152190A, CN102240941A, CN102211305A.
From above-mentioned patent documentation, the fixture that can know them is mounted in below the clamp fixing plate of head, although hand type transfer device will pick up and put down fixture from clamp fixing plate below and also can realize, but needed mechanism action meeting more complicated, therefore, as preferably, head on described the first swivel mount and the head on the second swivel mount include clamp fixing plate, fixture is placed on above clamp fixing plate and by clamp locking mechanism and fixes, and has guaranteed that like this mechanism action of hand type transfer device is simple and reliable.For clamp fixing plate be how to be arranged on head, which kind of concrete structure head can adopt and also have which auxiliary body, is found in above-mentioned patent documentation.
As preferably, around the first swivel mount, be provided with at least one episphere grinding station, at least one episphere polishing station and at least one wait station, on the first swivel mount, be provided with at least three heads; Around the second swivel mount, be provided with at least one lower semisphere grinding station, at least one lower semisphere polishing station and at least one wait station, on the second swivel mount, be provided with at least three heads.Wait station is room, does not implement polishing processing, arranges and waits for that station takies the polishing processing time of board in the time of can avoiding hand type transfer device transferring clamp, thereby improve working (machining) efficiency.
Each station mechanism, swivel mount and transfer device in technique scheme can be arranged in a board frame, but understand like this board volume large, be unfavorable for manufacturing transportation, therefore, as preferably, described the first swivel mount and episphere grinding station thereof, episphere polishing station and wait station are arranged in same frame, and described the second swivel mount and lower semisphere grinding station thereof, lower semisphere polishing station and wait station are arranged in same frame.And described loading and unloading station, docking station and transfer device can be arranged in same frame, also loading and unloading station, docking station and transfer device all can be made to a relatively independent board frame, can also be other various ways.Above-mentioned a plurality of mechanism can take packed and transported apart when transportation, can combine in use (or being bolted together by connector) and install and use.
An Aided Machine for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, comprising: crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism on this fixture from fixture; The docking mechanism that crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to position exchange from a fixture switching; And, the transfer device that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between at least four stations; Wherein, described charging and discharging mechanism, docking mechanism and transfer device are arranged on same frame bottom plate, and described charging and discharging mechanism and docking mechanism are arranged on respectively the both sides of transfer device.So not only working (machining) efficiency is high, automaticity is high, and rationally distributed, reliable and stable, cost-saving.
As preferably, described docking mechanism comprises docking frame, in docking frame, be horizontally disposed with a turning cylinder, turning cylinder rear end is connected with device of rotation driving, and turning cylinder front end is installed keyset, and keyset is provided with upper and lower two sliding seats, sliding seat and keyset are vertically slidably connected and are controlled and moved up and down by lift cylinder A, sectional fixture fixed plate A on sliding seat, is symmetrical arranged same structure on upper and lower two sliding seats, and fixture locking cylinder A is installed on clamp fixing plate A; Keyset the place ahead or a side are provided with rubber powder dish A, thereby rubber powder dish A is connected with the horizontal slip of docking frame and can moves to two clamp fixing plate A centre positions by powder dish cylinder A control is mobile, keyset the place ahead is also provided with and can moves to two clamp fixing plate A centre positions heating tube A that can oscilaltion, and between two clamp fixing plate A, position is provided with gas blow pipe A.Powder dish is set to facilitate sky fixture bread, heating tube is set bonding to facilitate fixture pin to add PUR, gas blow pipe is set cooling fast to fixture pin.There is simple and reasonable, the advantage such as automaticity is high, reliable and stable work.
Further preferably, described clamp fixing plate A is rotatably installed on sliding seat, and described clamp fixing plate A is driven and rotated by tumbler, described clamp fixing plate A realizes rotational positioning by rotation positioning device, and the slewing area size of clamp fixing plate A is 20~90 °.Clamp fixing plate is arranged to rotate, and clamp fixing plate just can be obliquely installed to facilitate manipulator to install and capture fixture like this.
Further preferably, the device of rotation driving of described clamp fixing plate A is rotation cylinder A, and rotation cylinder A one end is flexibly connected with sliding seat, and the rotation cylinder A other end is flexibly connected with the swing arm on clamp fixing plate A turning cylinder.
Further preferably, the rotation positioning device of described clamp fixing plate A is the spacer pin being arranged on sliding seat.By spacer pin, limit the rotation of clamp fixing plate, spacer pin coordinates the rotational positioning that realizes clamp fixing plate with rotation cylinder.Further preferably, the rotation positioning device of described clamp fixing plate A also comprises the limiting cylinder being arranged on sliding seat again, and the end that ejects of limiting cylinder offsets with clamp fixing plate, and limiting cylinder and spacer pin lay respectively at the both sides up and down of clamp fixing plate turning cylinder.By spacer pin and limiting cylinder, from the both sides up and down of clamp fixing plate, hold out against location like this, can avoid rotation cylinder become flexible and cannot hold out against because of what long stroke caused.
Further preferably, described rubber powder dish A has set up top and has scraped powder bar, scrapes powder bar and is vertically slidably connected with docking frame, scrapes powder bar and is moved up and down by the powder air cylinder driven of scraping being arranged in docking frame.Gua Fen mechanism can smooth rubber powder, and avoiding rubber powder to pile up affects fixture pin bread effect.
Further preferably, described heating tube A is high-frequency heating pipe, heating tube A is arranged on radio-frequency generator A, radio-frequency generator A is arranged on lifting platform, lifting platform and translating base are vertically slidably connected and by the first air cylinder driven lifting, and translating base is connected with the horizontal slip of docking frame and by the second air cylinder driven translation.
Because upper and lower chucking position is exchanged, so gas blow pipe A just need to can both blow cooling to the fixture pin of upper and lower two fixtures, one of preferred following two schemes: be a kind ofly, described gas blow pipe is arranged on clamp fixing plate near the fixture pin position of fixture, and such two gas blow pipes are blown cooling to the fixture pin of upper and lower two fixtures respectively as required; Another kind is, described gas blow pipe is being arranged on around the mode of its axis oscillating on keyset, keyset is provided with the oscillating cylinder that can drive gas blow pipe to swing, the movable end of oscillating cylinder is connected with gas blow pipe, and such gas blow pipe is blown cooling to any one in the fixture pin of upper and lower two fixtures as required.
In order to realize the exchange of upper lower clamp, keyset can be continuous overturning, gas circuit on keyset, circuit need to pass through swivel joint with being just connected of outside gas circuit, circuit like this, therefore preferably adopt 180 ° of reciprocating rotation forms, so just do not need swivel joint.Rotational positioning for keyset, further preferably, in described docking frame, be provided with and can carry out to keyset the positioning cylinder of rotational positioning, the end that ejects of positioning cylinder is installed conical dowel pin, conical dowel pin coordinates with the dowel hole being located on keyset, two dowel holes are installed on keyset, and two dowel holes are centrosymmetric with respect to turning cylinder center.
Further preferably, described clamp fixing plate A is with respect to the horizontal plane 30 °~60 ° and is obliquely installed.Be obliquely installed clamp fixing plate, facilitate manipulator to install, capture fixture.
As preferably, described charging and discharging mechanism comprises loading and unloading frame, blank dish, scraping wings and pusher cylinder are installed in loading and unloading frame, blank dish is fixed in loading and unloading frame, scraping wings is arranged on blank tray bottom can jack-up or fall back, scraping wings top is provided with and can holds faller gill or the round of locating crystal blank, and scraping wings and loading and unloading frame are vertically slidably connected and move up and down by pusher air cylinder driven; Blank dish top is provided with clamp fixing plate B, and clamp fixing plate B is arranged on crane, and crane and loading and unloading frame are vertically slidably connected and are controlled and moved up and down by lift cylinder B, and fixture locking cylinder B is installed on clamp fixing plate B; Blank dish one side is provided with rubber powder dish B, thereby rubber powder dish B is connected with the horizontal slip of loading and unloading frame and can move to clamp fixing plate B below by powder feeding cylinder B control is mobile; Blank dish opposite side is provided with pulp-collecting box, thereby pulp-collecting box is connected with the horizontal slip of loading and unloading frame and can move to clamp fixing plate B below by the cylinder control that connects material is mobile; Between clamp fixing plate B and blank dish, be provided with gas blow pipe B and heating tube B that can oscilaltion.Clamp fixing plate is set to facilitate fixture to install and action, scraping wings is set with crystal blank material loading, pulp-collecting box is set to collect the crystal blank unloading from fixture, rubber powder dish is set to facilitate sky fixture bread, heating tube is set bonding to facilitate fixture pin to add PUR, gas blow pipe is set cooling fast to fixture pin.There is simple and reasonable, the advantage such as automaticity is high, reliable and stable work.
Further preferably, described clamp fixing plate B is rotatably installed on crane, and described clamp fixing plate B is driven and rotated by tumbler, described clamp fixing plate B realizes rotational positioning by rotation positioning device, and the slewing area size of clamp fixing plate B is 20~90 °.Clamp fixing plate is arranged to rotate, and clamp fixing plate just can be obliquely installed to facilitate manipulator to install and capture fixture like this.
Further preferably, described clamp fixing plate B is with respect to the horizontal plane 30 °~60 ° and is obliquely installed.Be obliquely installed clamp fixing plate, facilitate manipulator to install, capture fixture.
Further preferably, the device of rotation driving of described clamp fixing plate B is rotation cylinder, and rotation cylinder one end is flexibly connected with crane, and the rotation cylinder other end is flexibly connected with the swing arm on clamp fixing plate turning cylinder.
Further preferably, the rotation positioning device of described clamp fixing plate B is the spacer pin being arranged on crane.By spacer pin, limit the rotation of clamp fixing plate, spacer pin coordinates the rotational positioning that realizes clamp fixing plate with rotation cylinder.Further preferably, the rotation positioning device of described clamp fixing plate also comprises the limiting cylinder being arranged on crane, and the end that ejects of limiting cylinder offsets with clamp fixing plate, and limiting cylinder and spacer pin lay respectively at the both sides up and down of clamp fixing plate turning cylinder.By spacer pin and limiting cylinder, from the both sides up and down of clamp fixing plate, hold out against location like this, can avoid rotation cylinder become flexible and cannot hold out against because of what long stroke caused.
Further preferably, described scraping wings lower end is fixed on pusher panel seat, and pusher panel seat and loading and unloading frame are vertically slidably connected, and pusher cylinder is arranged in loading and unloading frame, and the mobile terminal of pusher cylinder connects pusher panel seat.
Further preferably, described powder feeding cylinder B one end is connected with loading and unloading frame, the powder feeding cylinder B other end is connected with rubber powder dish B, described rubber powder dish B has set up top and has scraped powder bar, scrape powder bar and loading and unloading frame is vertically slidably connected, scrape powder bar and moved up and down by the powder air cylinder driven of scraping being arranged in loading and unloading frame.Gua Fen mechanism can smooth rubber powder, and avoiding rubber powder to pile up affects fixture pin bread effect.
Further preferably, described in the cylinder one end that connects material is connected with loading and unloading frame, the cylinder other end that connects material is connected with pulp-collecting box, on pulp-collecting box, rotating turret is provided with wire brush, wire brush is by motor driving rotation.
Further preferably, described heating tube B is high-frequency heating pipe, and it is upper that heating tube B is arranged on radio-frequency generator B, and radio-frequency generator B is arranged on lifting platform, and lifting platform and loading and unloading frame are vertically slidably connected and by the first air cylinder driven lifting.
Further preferably, described gas blow pipe B is arranged on clamp fixing plate near the fixture pin position of fixture.Or preferably, described gas blow pipe B is arranged on the mobile terminal of air blowing cylinder, and air blowing cylinder is arranged on crane.
Described transfer device is hand type transfer device, comprise transfer frame, shift in frame rotating turret and drive unit and rotation positioning device are installed, described rotating turret is circumferentially provided with a plurality of manipulators, described manipulator comprises mount pad, mount pad is provided with sliding seat, sliding seat is driven and is slided by cylinder A, sliding seat front end is hinged with a swing arm, two cylinder C that are oppositely arranged are installed on swing arm, the piston rod front end of cylinder C is connected with fixture by latch, socket, and swing arm is driven and swung by cylinder B.The form of latch, socket that adopts manipulator realizes fixture and captures, adopt cylinder B and swing arm to realize the disengaging of monolateral dovetail and the single dovetail groove in clamp fixing plate of fixture, by cylinder A, fixture and clamp fixing plate are departed from completely again, thereby displacement positioning precision and the responsiveness of manipulator have been improved, avoid parts collision and damage, improved dependability.With the matching used fixture of above-mentioned manipulator, comprise aluminum fixture body, chuck body one side is formed with dovetail, and described chuck body is provided with two latches that are oppositely arranged or socket at the offside of dovetail.
Further preferably, on described mount pad, bolster is installed, described sliding seat is provided with the buting iron matching with this bolster.
Further preferably, described swing arm arranges cylinder C in a side of the hinged jointed shaft of itself and sliding seat, and described swing arm is flexibly connected with the movable end that is arranged on the cylinder B on sliding seat at the opposite side of its jointed shaft hinged with sliding seat.
Further preferably, described latch, socket coordinate by taper seat.
Further preferably, described mount pad tilts to be arranged on rotating turret.
Further preferably, the rotation positioning device of described rotating turret comprises the locating turntable on rotating turret, in described transfer frame, be provided with and vertically eject cylinder, the piston rod top that vertically ejects cylinder is provided with activity castellated plates, below described locating turntable, be provided with can with two of described activity castellated plates engagement location fixing castellated plates, and, be fixed with locating piece below described locating turntable, two bolsters that locating piece can be limited in certain hunting range are installed in described transfer frame.Rotating turret adopts the action of reciprocally swinging form, by locating piece and coordinating of bolster realizing and buffering spacing to the swing position of rotating turret, simultaneously by activity castellated plates and the swing position that fixedly engagement of castellated plates realizes swing span locate, so not only accurate positioning, quick, and structure is more reasonable, manufacturing cost is lower, parts improve service life.
Further preferably, described fixedly castellated plates is arranged on profile of tooth panel seat in the mode that can adjust by securing member, and profile of tooth panel seat is fixed on below locating turntable.
Further preferably, described bolster is spring buffer.
The drive unit of described rotating turret can be for driving the multiple device of its reciprocally swinging, such as cylinder B etc., but is preferably motor, and motor and intermediate propeller shaft band are in transmission connection, and described intermediate propeller shaft is connected with rotating turret gear drive.
The present invention, owing to having adopted above technical scheme, has the advantages such as arrangement of mechanism is reasonable, Stability Analysis of Structures is reliable, working (machining) efficiency is high, low cost of manufacture.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation (overlooking) of automatic grinding and polishing system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation (main looking) of automatic grinding and polishing system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Aided Machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation (sectional fixture state) of docking mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation (wait mated condition) of docking mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the drives structure schematic diagram of docking mechanism medium-high frequency generator A;
Fig. 7 is the location structure schematic diagram of keyset in docking mechanism;
Fig. 8 is that the A of Fig. 7 is to view.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of hand type transfer device;
Figure 10 is the structural representation (upper/lower positions) of manipulator;
Figure 11 is the side view (upper/lower positions) of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the side view (upper position) of manipulator;
Figure 13 is the A-A cutaway view (one of swing state) of Fig. 9;
Figure 14 is the A-A cutaway view (swing state two) of Fig. 9.
Figure 15 is the castellated plates fit structure schematic diagram of the rotation positioning device of rotating turret.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of charging and discharging mechanism;
Figure 17 is the drives structure schematic diagram of the radio-frequency generator B of charging and discharging mechanism.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is made a detailed explanation.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, comprise: the first swivel mount 2, around the first swivel mount 2, being provided with two 11,12, one of episphere grinding stations that the episphere of crystal blank carried out to grinding carries out the episphere polishing station 13 of polishing and one to the episphere of crystal blank and waits for that station 14, the first swivel mounts 2 can rotate and locate and be provided with four heads 21; The second swivel mount 4, around the second swivel mount 4, being provided with two 31,32, one of lower semisphere grinding stations that the lower semisphere of crystal blank carried out to grinding carries out the lower semisphere polishing station 33 of polishing and one to the lower semisphere of crystal blank and waits for that station 34, the second swivel mounts 4 can rotate and locate and be provided with four heads 41; Loading and unloading station, is provided with and crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism on this fixture from fixture; Docking station, is provided with the docking mechanism that crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to position exchange from a fixture switching; And, the transfer device that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between head 41 on head 21 on loading and unloading station, the first swivel mount 2, docking station and the second swivel mount 4 successively; Wherein, on described episphere grinding station 11,12 and lower semisphere grinding station 31,32, be equipped with grinding mechanism, on described episphere polishing station 13 and lower semisphere polishing station 33, be equipped with polishing mechanism.
The Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system as shown in Figure 3, comprising: crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism 6 on this fixture from fixture; Crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to the docking mechanism 7 of position exchange from a fixture switching; And, the transfer device 5 that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between four stations; Wherein, described charging and discharging mechanism, docking mechanism and transfer device are arranged on same frame bottom plate 8, and described charging and discharging mechanism and docking mechanism are arranged on respectively the both sides of transfer device.
Described docking mechanism 7, as Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, comprise docking frame 701, in docking frame 701, by bearing block 711 levels, one turning cylinder 712 is installed, turning cylinder 712 rear ends are connected with drive motors by gear 713, turning cylinder 712 front ends are installed keyset 707, keyset 707 is provided with, lower two sliding seats 710, 716, sliding seat 710, 716 are vertically slidably connected and pass through lift cylinder A708 with keyset 707, 720 controls move up and down, sliding seat 710, sectional fixture fixed plate A 705 on 716, 717, on, lower two sliding seats 710, on 716, be symmetrical arranged same structure, clamp fixing plate A705, fixture locking cylinder A706 is installed on 717, 719, keyset 707 the place aheads or a side are provided with rubber powder dish A703, thereby rubber powder dish A703 is connected with 701 horizontal slips of docking frame and can moves to two clamp fixing plate A705,717 centre positions by powder dish cylinder A702 control is mobile, keyset 707 the place aheads are also provided with and can move to two clamp fixing plate A705,717 centre positions heating tube A704 that can oscilaltion, and between two clamp fixing plate A705,717, position is provided with gas blow pipe A715.Described clamp fixing plate A705,717 is rotatably installed on sliding seat 710,716, and, described clamp fixing plate A705,717 is driven and is rotated by tumbler, described clamp fixing plate A705,717 realizes rotational positioning by rotation positioning device, and clamp fixing plate A705,717 slewing area size are 20~90 °.Clamp fixing plate A705,717 is with respect to the horizontal plane 45 ° and is obliquely installed.Described clamp fixing plate A705,717 device of rotation driving are rotation cylinder A709,718, rotation cylinder A709,718 one end are flexibly connected with sliding seat 710,716, and rotation cylinder A709,718 other ends are flexibly connected with the swing arm on clamp fixing plate A705,717 turning cylinders.Described clamp fixing plate A705,717 rotation positioning device are the spacer pin being arranged on sliding seat 710,716.Described clamp fixing plate A705,717 rotation positioning device also comprise the limiting cylinder being arranged on sliding seat 710,716, the end that ejects of limiting cylinder offsets with clamp fixing plate A705,717, and limiting cylinder and spacer pin lay respectively at the both sides up and down of clamp fixing plate A705,717 turning cylinders.Described rubber powder dish A703 has set up top and has scraped powder bar 722, scrapes powder bar 722 and is vertically slidably connected with docking frame 701, scrapes powder bar 722 and is moved up and down by powder cylinder 723 drivings of scraping that are arranged in docking frame 701.As shown in Figure 6, described heating tube A704 is high-frequency heating pipe, heating tube A704 is arranged on radio-frequency generator A724, radio-frequency generator A724 is arranged on lifting platform 725, lifting platform 725 is vertically slidably connected with translating base 726 and drives lifting by the first cylinder 727, and translating base 726 is connected with 701 horizontal slips of docking frame and drives translation by the second cylinder 728.Described gas blow pipe A715 is arranged on clamp fixing plate A705, the 717 fixture pin positions near fixture.180 ° of keysets carry out reciprocating rotation, and turning cylinder 712 below installation site sensor 714 detects its turned positions.As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, in described docking frame 701, be provided with and can carry out to keyset 707 positioning cylinder 730 of rotational positioning, the end that ejects of positioning cylinder 730 is installed conical dowel pin 729, conical dowel pin 729 coordinates with the dowel hole 731 being located on keyset 707,731, two dowel holes 731 of two dowel holes are installed on keyset 707 to be centrosymmetric with respect to turning cylinder 712 centers.
The upper fixture of a fixture 721(is only installed or is captured in the each operation of hand type transfer device), the state of docking mechanism when installing or capture fixture is as shown in Figure 1.When docking, as shown in Figure 2, lower clamp fixed plate A 717 clockwise rotates 45 ° of fixture pins that make fixture on it straight up, upper clamp fixing plate A705 rotates counterclockwise 45 ° makes the fixture pin of fixture on it downward, heating tube A704 moves to, the fixture pin centre position of lower clamp, upper and lower two sliding seats 710, 716 simultaneously to keyset central mobile, crystal blank on the fixture pin of fixture is contacted with the fixture pin of lower clamp, heating tube A704 moves down the fixture pin of lower clamp is heated and makes rubber powder on it melt bonding crystal blank, on heating tube A704, move and to the fixture pin heating of upper fixture, bonded adhesives on it is melted, gas blow pipe A715 but guarantees that to the fixture needle blow air cooling of lower clamp crystal blank is bonding firmly simultaneously, then, upper and lower two sliding seats 710, 716 move reset, heating tube 704 resets, crystal blank is bonded on lower clamp, docking completes, rubber powder dish A703 moves into, upper fixture declines and carries out bread, after bread, reset, finally, rotate moving axis 712 of keyset rotates 180 °, upper lower clamp is exchanged, complete upset.Docking mechanism returns back to state shown in Fig. 4, for manipulator transfer device, captures fixture and carries out next step operation.
Described hand type transfer device, as shown in Figure 9, comprise and shift frame 51, shift in frame 51 rotating turret 52 and drive unit and rotation positioning device 54 are installed, described rotating turret 52 is circumferentially provided with four manipulators 55, wherein, rotating turret 52 comprises the turning cylinder 522 that is fixedly connected with, locating turntable 521, connecting cylinder 523, rotating disk 524, joint pin 525 and connector 526 is installed, fixing electric cabinet 53 on connector 526.As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, described manipulator 55 comprises mount pad 551, on mount pad 551, by guide rod 553, slide and be provided with sliding seat 559, sliding seat 559 is driven and is slided by cylinder A552, sliding seat 559 front ends are hinged with a swing arm 557, two cylinder C550 that are oppositely arranged are installed on swing arm 557, and the piston rod front end of cylinder C550 is connected with fixture 56 by latch 558, socket 561, and swing arm 557 is driven and swung by cylinder B556.On described mount pad 551, bolster 555 is installed, described sliding seat 559 is provided with the buting iron 554 matching with this bolster 555.Described swing arm 557 arranges cylinder C550 in a side of the hinged jointed shaft of itself and sliding seat 559, and described swing arm 557 is flexibly connected with the movable end that is arranged on the cylinder B556 on sliding seat 559 at the opposite side of its jointed shaft hinged with sliding seat 559.Described latch, socket coordinate by taper seat.The top of described mount pad 551, bottom are respectively by connector 526, the hinged installation of installation rotating disk 524 of jointed shaft and rotating turret 52, manipulator is to tilt to be arranged on rotating turret like this, can be corresponding with machine head type grinding and polishing fixture placement location mechanically, by regulating the length of joint pin 525 can adjust the angle of inclination of manipulator.The matching used fixture 56 of manipulator with above-mentioned, comprises aluminum fixture body, and chuck body one side is formed with dovetail, and described chuck body is provided with two sockets that are oppositely arranged 561 at the offside of dovetail.
When manipulator captures fixture, as shown in figure 11, cylinder C and fixture are pegged graft after clamping, by cylinder B, drive swing arm to swing the disengaging of monolateral dovetail and the single dovetail groove in clamp fixing plate of realizing fixture, by cylinder A, drive sliding seat to move to realize fixture again and clamp fixing plate departs from completely, as shown in figure 12; Put down fixture action contrary with grasping movement.
As Figure 13, Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, the rotation positioning device of described rotating turret 52 comprises the locating turntable 521 on rotating turret 52, in described transfer frame 51, be provided with and vertically eject cylinder 548, the piston rod top that vertically ejects cylinder 548 is provided with activity castellated plates 547, described locating turntable 521 be provided with below can with two of described activity castellated plates 547 engagement location fixing castellated plates 542, 543, and, described locating turntable 521 is fixed with locating piece 541 below, in described transfer frame 51, be provided with and locating piece 541 can be limited in to two bolsters 544 in certain hunting range, 545.Described fixedly castellated plates 542,543 is arranged on profile of tooth panel seat 546 in the mode that can adjust by securing member, and profile of tooth panel seat 546 is fixed on below locating turntable 521.Described bolster 544,545 is spring buffer.The drive unit of described rotating turret 52 is motor 57, and motor 57 is in transmission connection with intermediate propeller shaft 571 bands, and described intermediate propeller shaft 571 is connected with rotating turret 52 gear drives.
Four manipulators are uniformly distributed and are arranged on rotating turret, the hunting range of rotating turret is the distance between adjacent two stations, as shown in figure 13, when rotating turret is during at start position, locating piece 541 is subject to bolster 544 buffer limits, thus activity castellated plates 547 by cylinder 548 jack-up and fixing castellated plates 542 engagement location, four manipulators capture fixtures, activity castellated plates 547 declines, and rotating turret rotates counterclockwise; As shown in figure 14, when rotating turret turns to final position, locating piece 541 is subject to bolster 545 buffer limits, thereby activity castellated plates 547 is by cylinder 548 jack-up and fixing castellated plates 543 engagement location, four manipulators put down fixture, activity castellated plates 547 declines, and rotating turret clockwise rotates and is reset to start position, enters next fixture transfer cycle.
Described charging and discharging mechanism, as shown in figure 16, comprise loading and unloading frame 602, blank dish 605, scraping wings 604 and pusher cylinder 601 are installed in loading and unloading frame 602, blank dish 605 is fixed in loading and unloading frame 602, scraping wings 604 is arranged on blank dish 605 bottoms can jack-up or fall go back to, and scraping wings 604 tops are provided with and can hold faller gill or the round of locate crystal blank, and scraping wings 604 and loading and unloading frame 602 are vertically slidably connected and move up and down by 601 drivings of pusher cylinder; Blank dish 605 tops are provided with clamp fixing plate B610, clamp fixing plate B610 is arranged on crane 614, crane 614 is vertically slidably connected with loading and unloading frame 602 and is controlled and moved up and down by lift cylinder B615, and fixture locking cylinder B611 is installed on clamp fixing plate B610; Blank dish 605 1 sides are provided with rubber powder dish B620, thereby rubber powder dish B620 is connected with 602 horizontal slips of loading and unloading frame and can move to clamp fixing plate B610 below by powder feeding cylinder B621 control is mobile; Blank dish 605 opposite sides are provided with pulp-collecting box 606, thereby pulp-collecting box 606 is connected with 602 horizontal slips of loading and unloading frame and cylinder 622 controls are mobile by connecting material, can move to clamp fixing plate B610 below; Between clamp fixing plate B610 and blank dish 605, be provided with gas blow pipe B612 and heating tube B608 that can oscilaltion.Described crane 614 is vertically slidably connected with the portal frame 617 being fixed in loading and unloading frame 602, clamp fixing plate B610 is rotatably installed on crane 614, and, described clamp fixing plate B610 is driven and is rotated by tumbler, described clamp fixing plate B610 realizes rotational positioning by rotation positioning device, and the slewing area size of clamp fixing plate B610 is 20~90 °.The device of rotation driving of described clamp fixing plate B610 is rotation cylinder B616, and rotation cylinder B616 one end is flexibly connected with crane 614, and the rotation cylinder B616 other end is flexibly connected with the swing arm on clamp fixing plate B610 turning cylinder.The rotation positioning device of described clamp fixing plate B610 is the spacer pin being arranged on crane 614.Described scraping wings 604 lower ends are fixed on pusher panel seat 603, and pusher panel seat 603 is vertically slidably connected with loading and unloading frame 602, and pusher cylinder 601 is arranged in loading and unloading frame 602, and the mobile terminal of pusher cylinder 601 connects pusher panel seat 603.Described powder feeding cylinder B621 one end is connected with loading and unloading frame 602, the powder feeding cylinder B621 other end is connected with rubber powder dish B620, described rubber powder dish B620 has set up top and has scraped powder bar 619, scrape powder bar 619 and be vertically slidably connected with loading and unloading frame 602, scrape powder bar 619 and moved up and down by powder cylinder 618 drivings of scraping that are arranged in loading and unloading frame 602.Described cylinder 622 one end that connect material are connected with loading and unloading frame 602, and cylinder 622 other ends that connect material are connected with pulp-collecting box 606, and on pulp-collecting box 606, rotating turret is provided with wire brush 607, and wire brush 607 is driven and rotated by motor.Described heating tube B608 is high-frequency heating pipe, as shown in figure 17, it is upper that heating tube B608 is arranged on radio-frequency generator B623, and radio-frequency generator B623 is arranged on lifting platform 624, and lifting platform 624 is vertically slidably connected with loading and unloading frame 602 and drives lifting by the first cylinder 625.Described gas blow pipe B612 is arranged on the mobile terminal of air blowing cylinder 613, and air blowing cylinder 613 is arranged on crane 614.
A fixture 609 is only installed or is captured in the each operation of hand type transfer device, and when installing or capturing fixture, described clamp fixing plate B610 is with respect to the horizontal plane 45 ° and is obliquely installed.During blanking, clamp fixing plate B610 clockwise rotates 45 ° of fixture pins that make fixture on it straight down, as shown in figure 16, B610 is descending for lift cylinder B615 action clamp fixing plate, heating tube B608 heats the fixture pin of fixture 609, simultaneously, the cylinder 622 action pulp-collecting box 606 that connect material move into fixture below, wire brush 607 rotates, crystal blank on the fixture pin of fixture is fallen in pulp-collecting box 606 by wire brush 607 brushes, on clamp fixing plate B610, retract position, cylinder 622 action pulp-collecting box 606 returns that connect material, complete blanking process, powder feeding cylinder B621 action rubber powder dish B620 moves into fixture below, and B610 is descending for lift cylinder B615 action clamp fixing plate, return after the fixture pin bread of fixture 609, and powder feeding cylinder B621 action rubber powder dish B620 return, completes bread process, pusher cylinder 601 action scraping wings 604 are from blank dish 605 bottom jack-up, on the faller gill at scraping wings 604 tops or round, undertake crystal blank, B610 is descending for lift cylinder B615 action clamp fixing plate, the crystal blank at the fixture pin after fixture bread and scraping wings 604 tops pushes against, heating tube B608 heats and makes rubber powder fusing the fixture pin of fixture 609, then, gas blow pipe B612 moves into the fixture needle blow air cooling of fixture is but guaranteed to crystal blank is bonding firmly, pusher cylinder 601 action scraping wings 604 returns, crystal blank is bonded on the fixture pin of fixture 609, on lift cylinder B615 action clamp fixing plate B610, retract position, complete feeding process, rotation cylinder B616 action clamp fixing plate B610 rotates counterclockwise 45 ° and replys original state, for manipulator transfer device, capture fixture and carry out next step operation.

Claims (9)

1. a crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, is characterized in that, comprising:
The first swivel mount (2), around the first swivel mount (2), be provided with at least one and the episphere of crystal blank carried out to the episphere grinding station (11,12) of grinding and at least one carries out the episphere polishing station (13) of polishing to the episphere of crystal blank, the first swivel mount (2) can rotate and locate and be provided with at least two heads (21);
The second swivel mount (4), around the second swivel mount (4), be provided with at least one and the lower semisphere of crystal blank carried out to the lower semisphere grinding station (31,32) of grinding and at least one carries out the lower semisphere polishing station (33) of polishing to the lower semisphere of crystal blank, the second swivel mount (4) can rotate and locate and be provided with at least two heads (41);
Loading and unloading station, is provided with and crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism (6) on this fixture from fixture;
Docking station, is provided with and crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to the docking mechanism (7) of position exchange from a fixture switching; And,
The transfer device that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between head (41) on head (21) on loading and unloading station, the first swivel mount (2), docking station and the second swivel mount (4) successively;
Wherein, on described episphere grinding station (11,12) and lower semisphere grinding station (31,32), be equipped with grinding mechanism, on described episphere polishing station (13) and lower semisphere polishing station (33), be equipped with polishing mechanism, described docking mechanism comprises docking frame (701), in docking frame (701), be horizontally disposed with a turning cylinder (712), turning cylinder (712) rear end is connected with device of rotation driving, turning cylinder (712) front end is installed keyset (707), keyset (707) is provided with, lower two sliding seats (710, 716), sliding seat (710, 716) be vertically slidably connected and pass through lift cylinder A(708 with keyset (707), 720) control and move up and down, sliding seat (710, 716) upper sectional fixture fixed plate A (705, 717), on, lower two sliding seats (710, 716) on, be symmetrical arranged same structure, clamp fixing plate A(705, 717) fixture locking cylinder A(706 is installed on, 719), keyset (707) the place ahead or a side are provided with rubber powder dish A(703), rubber powder dish A(703) is connected with docking frame (701) horizontal slip and by powder dish cylinder A(702) thereby controlling movement can move to two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) centre position, keyset (707) the place ahead is also provided with and can moves to two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) centre position heating tube A(704 that can oscilaltion), two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) between position gas blow pipe A(715 is installed).
2. an Aided Machine for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, is characterized in that, comprising:
Crystal blank can be disassembled and another batch of crystal blank can be fixed on to the charging and discharging mechanism on this fixture from fixture;
The docking mechanism that crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to position exchange from a fixture switching; And,
The transfer device that can pick up and put down fixture and it can be shifted between at least four stations; Wherein, it is upper that described charging and discharging mechanism, docking mechanism and transfer device are arranged on same frame bottom plate (8), and described charging and discharging mechanism and docking mechanism are arranged on respectively the both sides of transfer device;
Described docking mechanism (7) comprises docking frame (701), in docking frame (701), be horizontally disposed with a turning cylinder (712), turning cylinder (712) rear end is connected with device of rotation driving, turning cylinder (712) front end is installed keyset (707), keyset (707) is provided with, lower two sliding seats (710, 716), sliding seat (710, 716) be vertically slidably connected and pass through lift cylinder A(708 with keyset (707), 720) control and move up and down, sliding seat (710, 716) upper sectional fixture fixed plate A (705, 717), on, lower two sliding seats (710, 716) on, be symmetrical arranged same structure, clamp fixing plate A(705, 717) fixture locking cylinder A(706 is installed on, 719), keyset (707) the place ahead or a side are provided with rubber powder dish A(703), rubber powder dish A(703) is connected with docking frame (701) horizontal slip and by powder dish cylinder A(702) thereby controlling movement can move to two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) centre position, keyset (707) the place ahead is also provided with and can moves to two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) centre position heating tube A(704 that can oscilaltion), two clamp fixing plate A(705,717) between position gas blow pipe A(715 is installed).
3. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described clamp fixing plate A(705,717) be rotatably installed on sliding seat (710,716), and, described clamp fixing plate A(705,717) by tumbler, drive and rotate, described clamp fixing plate A(705,717) by rotation positioning device, realize rotational positioning, clamp fixing plate A(705,717) slewing area size be 20~90 °; Described clamp fixing plate A(705,717) device of rotation driving is rotation cylinder A(709,718), rotation cylinder A(709,718) one end is flexibly connected with sliding seat (710,716), rotation cylinder A(709,718) other end and clamp fixing plate A(705,717) swing arm on turning cylinder is flexibly connected.
4. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described heating tube A(704) be high-frequency heating pipe, heating tube A(704) be arranged on radio-frequency generator A(724) on, radio-frequency generator A(724) be arranged on lifting platform (725), lifting platform (725) is vertically slidably connected with translating base (726) and drives lifting by the first cylinder (727), and translating base (726) is connected and drives translation by the second cylinder (728) with the horizontal slip of docking frame (701).
5. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, in described docking frame (701), be provided with and can carry out to keyset (707) positioning cylinder (730) of rotational positioning, the end that ejects of positioning cylinder (730) is installed conical dowel pin (729), conical dowel pin (729) coordinates with the dowel hole (731) being located on keyset (707), two dowel holes (731) are installed on keyset (707), and two dowel holes (731) are centrosymmetric with respect to turning cylinder (712) center.
6. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described charging and discharging mechanism (6) comprises loading and unloading frame (602), blank dish (605) is installed in loading and unloading frame (602), scraping wings (604) and pusher cylinder (601), blank dish (605) is fixed in loading and unloading frame (602), scraping wings (604) is arranged on blank dish (605) bottom can jack-up or fall go back to, scraping wings (604) top is provided with and can holds faller gill or the round of locating crystal blank, scraping wings (604) is vertically slidably connected with loading and unloading frame (602) and passes through pusher cylinder (601) driving and moves up and down, blank dish (605) top is provided with clamp fixing plate B(610), clamp fixing plate B(610) be arranged on crane (614), crane (614) and loading and unloading frame (602) are vertically slidably connected and pass through lift cylinder B(615) control moves up and down, clamp fixing plate B(610) on fixture locking cylinder B(611 is installed), blank dish (605) one sides are provided with rubber powder dish B(620), rubber powder dish B(620) be connected with loading and unloading frame (602) horizontal slip and by powder feeding cylinder B(621) thereby control mobilely can move to clamp fixing plate B(610) below, blank dish (605) opposite side is provided with pulp-collecting box (606), pulp-collecting box (606) be connected with loading and unloading frame (602) horizontal slip and by the cylinder that connects material (622) thus control mobilely can move to clamp fixing plate B(610) below, clamp fixing plate B(610) and between blank dish (605) be provided with gas blow pipe B(612) and heating tube B(608 that can oscilaltion), described clamp fixing plate B(610) be rotatably installed on crane (614), and, described clamp fixing plate B(610) by tumbler, drive and rotate, described clamp fixing plate B(610) by rotation positioning device, realize rotational positioning, clamp fixing plate B(610) slewing area size be 20~90 °, described clamp fixing plate B(610) device of rotation driving is rotation cylinder B(616), rotation cylinder B(616) one end is flexibly connected with crane (614), rotation cylinder B(616) other end and clamp fixing plate B(610) swing arm on turning cylinder is flexibly connected.
7. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described transfer device is hand type transfer device (5), comprise and shift frame (51), shift in frame (51) rotating turret (52) and drive unit and rotation positioning device (54) are installed, described rotating turret (52) is circumferentially provided with a plurality of manipulators (55), described manipulator (55) comprises mount pad (551), mount pad (551) is provided with sliding seat (559), sliding seat (559) is by cylinder A(552) drive and slide, sliding seat (559) front end is hinged with a swing arm (557), two cylinder C(550 that are oppositely arranged are installed) on swing arm (557), cylinder C(550) piston rod front end passes through latch, socket is connected with fixture, swing arm (557) is by cylinder B(556) driving swing, described mount pad (551) tilts to be arranged on rotating turret (52).
8. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described swing arm (557) arranges cylinder C(550 in a side of the hinged jointed shaft of itself and sliding seat (559)), described swing arm (557) is at the opposite side and the cylinder B(556 being arranged on sliding seat (559) of its jointed shaft hinged with sliding seat (559)) movable end be flexibly connected.
9. the Aided Machine of a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, the rotation positioning device of described rotating turret (52) comprises the locating turntable (521) on rotating turret (52), in described transfer frame (51), be provided with and vertically eject cylinder (548), the piston rod top that vertically ejects cylinder (548) is provided with activity castellated plates (547), described locating turntable (521) be provided with below can with two of described activity castellated plates (547) engagement location fixing castellated plates (542, 543), and, described locating turntable (521) is fixed with locating piece (541) below, in described transfer frame (51), be provided with and locating piece (541) can be limited in to two bolsters (544 in certain hunting range, 545).
CN201210188515.XA 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Automatic grinding and polishing system for crystal blanks and auxiliary machine of automatic grinding and polishing system Expired - Fee Related CN102672573B (en)

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CN101269472A (en) * 2008-04-03 2008-09-24 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 Four-station water drill inclined plane milling and casting machine
CN201214206Y (en) * 2008-07-15 2009-04-01 张岳恩 Full-automatic diamond grinding/polishing machine
CN101648356A (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-02-17 张岳恩 Full-automatic diamond abrading and polishing machine
CN201579673U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-09-15 平湖思杰腾汽车设备制造有限公司 Numerical-control crystal grinder
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