CN102631740A - Sputum-suction trachea cannula, trachea cannula assembly and manufacturing method of trachea cannula - Google Patents

Sputum-suction trachea cannula, trachea cannula assembly and manufacturing method of trachea cannula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102631740A
CN102631740A CN2011102068787A CN201110206878A CN102631740A CN 102631740 A CN102631740 A CN 102631740A CN 2011102068787 A CN2011102068787 A CN 2011102068787A CN 201110206878 A CN201110206878 A CN 201110206878A CN 102631740 A CN102631740 A CN 102631740A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air bag
main body
sputum
tube
sputum aspirator
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Pending
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CN2011102068787A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙东华
刘友江
林日富
刘宁发
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ZHANJIANG STAR ENTERPRISE CO Ltd
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ZHANJIANG STAR ENTERPRISE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2011102068787A priority Critical patent/CN102631740A/en
Publication of CN102631740A publication Critical patent/CN102631740A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a sputum-suction trachea cannula, a trachea cannula assembly and a manufacturing method of the trachea cannula. The sputum-suction trachea cannula comprises a cambered cannula main body and an air bag, wherein an inflation channel of the air bag is formed in the wall of the cannula main body, and a containing groove is arranged on the wall of the cannula main body along the center line direction of the cannula main body and is internally provided with a developing line and a sputum suction tube. The trachea cannula assembly comprises the trachea cannula, a sputum collection component and an air bag inflation component. The manufacturing method of the trachea cannula comprises the following steps of: manufacturing the sputum suction tube and a straight tube the wall of which is internally provided with the inflation channel, processing the containing groove and the inlet and outlet of the inflation channel on the wall of the straight tube, and then bending the straight tube to form the cannula main body; forming the air bag and combining the air bag with the cannula main body; and embedding the sputum suction tube in the containing groove. The trachea cannula can greatly reduce the work load and operation difficulties of medical personnel, reduce the pain of a patient and the risks in an operation, and improve the accuracy of sputum tests.

Description

A kind of suction expectorant type tracheal intubation, tracheal intubation assembly and manufacturing approach
Technical field
The present invention relates to the medical apparatus and instruments that tracheal intubation operation and tracheotomy use, particularly a kind of have a tracheal intubation of inhaling the expectorant function, and the tracheal intubation assembly that is made up of this tracheal intubation and other assembly.
Technical background
At present, set up artificial respiration's passage through endotracheal intubation operation and tracheotomy and be first aid and critical patient's relief, the most effective when nursing, the most ripe, and the most frequently used technological means.Tracheal intubation and tracheostomy tube are the crucial operating theater instruments of setting up artificial respiration's pipeline in endotracheal intubation and the tracheotomy, are that the necessary medical apparatus and instruments in the process is rescued, protected to first aid and critical sufferer.
The sufferer of implementing endotracheal intubation operation and tracheotomy is the critical sufferer under the emergency situations mostly, and this type sufferer self just was easy to generate sputum originally, and the function of self spitting is very low.Simultaneously, because sufferer can not be spat voluntarily during setting up artificial respiration's passage, artificial respiration's passage of insertion causes patient's sputum to increase greatly to the stimulation of patient's tracheal mucosa.Usually adopt the interval certain hour to carry out the artificial sputum that inserts sputum aspirator tube suction, cleaning patient throat generation at present during endotracheal intubation and the tracheotomy; This will cause and repeatedly insert sputum aspirator tube and bring uncomfortable to the patient and patient's tracheal mucosa is damaged; Bring a large amount of work and difficulty also for medical personnel's nursing, bring repeatedly the injury on the body and mind for patient and family members.
Usually to remove the sputum that the patient produces, need to remove the sputum and the sputum of artificial respiration's passage of artificial respiration's passage luxuriant and rich with fragrance eye end in patient's body from air bag to China ink from air bag to external end.
Air bag inserts the sputum aspirator tube removing to the sputum of China ink phenanthrene eye end through artificial respiration's passage in patient's body, and it is relatively easy to insert sputum aspirator tube, also lower to the risk of patient respiratory mucous membrane damage.
The sputum of artificial respiration's passage from air bag to external end removed in patient's body needs to remove from inserting sputum aspirator tube artificial respiration's passage and human respiratory tract.The restriction of expectorant owing to artificial respiration's passage and human respiratory tract inhaled at this place, and it is difficult to insert sputum aspirator tube, during intubate the stimulation of human body respiration mucous membrane and the risk of damage also increased greatly.
In addition, this type patient need carry out the analysis of sputum sample examination often clinically.Remove patient's sputum with sampling process through regular meeting because of the mutual pollution of sputum with the external world, cause the pollution of sputum sample, the accuracy of sputum assay is impacted.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of suction expectorant type tracheal intubation and tracheal intubation assembly; Artificial respiration's passage and suction expectorant passage are integrated; In the process of breathing, can realize the automatic cleaning of sputum easily, and possess sputum collection and sampled functions with respirator.
The present invention inhales expectorant type tracheal intubation; Comprise: arcual intubate main body and air bag; Air bag is located on the periphery of said intubate main body near the front end place, it is characterized in that: the filling channel of said air bag takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body, and said intubate main body is provided with a storage tank that concaves along its centerline direction at tube wall; The development line and first sputum aspirator tube are set in the storage tank, and the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube is near the external side of said air bag.
Wherein, the optimum depth of storage tank is 2/5~4/5 of the said first sputum aspirator tube external diameter.
Tracheal intubation assembly of the present invention comprises: inhale expectorant type tracheal intubation, sputum collection assembly and air bag inflatable component; Wherein,
Said suction expectorant type tracheal intubation comprises arcual intubate main body and air bag; The filling channel of said air bag takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body; Said intubate main body is provided with a storage tank that concaves along its centerline direction at tube wall; The development line and first sputum aspirator tube are set in the storage tank, and the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube is near the external side of said air bag;
Said sputum collection assembly contains sample bottle, and sample bottle is connected with the outlet of said first sputum aspirator tube, and sample bottle connects second sputum aspirator tube of a band sputum aspirator joint in addition;
Said airbag aeration assembly is connected with the inlet of said filling channel.
The optimum depth of said storage tank is 2/5~4/5 of the said first sputum aspirator tube external diameter.
The present invention also provides a kind of manufacturing approach of inhaling expectorant type tracheal intubation; It may further comprise the steps: adopt accurate extrusion equipment to extrude the straight tube that has filling channel in first sputum aspirator tube and the tube wall earlier; The entrance and exit of machine-shaping storage tank and said filling channel on the tube wall of said straight tube again; Adopt the bend fixing technology to said straight tube bending then, make arcual intubate main body; With sacculus blow molding machine molding air bag, air bag is combined in the exit of said intubate body front end filling channel; First sputum aspirator tube is embedded in the storage tank of intubate main body, make the external side of the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube, and first sputum aspirator tube and intubate main body are connected as one near said air bag.
Tracheal intubation of the present invention integrates artificial respiration's passage and inhales the expectorant passage; Two passages can be worked simultaneously independently; Be independent of each other; Efficiently solve the problem of plug sputum aspirator tube in trachea repeatedly in operation and the nursing, thereby can alleviate medical personnel's workload and operation easier greatly, the misery that can alleviate patient with reduce operation risk.And; Because its filling channel is arranged in the tube wall of intubate, sputum aspirator tube is embedded in the storage tank of intubate, and whole profile and existing tracheal intubation are basic identical; During therefore clinical use and the operation of existing tracheal intubation do not have any difference, patient's impression is also with to insert existing tracheal intubation identical.
Tracheal intubation assembly of the present invention can also be removed the sputum from air bag to the external end of artificial respiration's passage automatically, and can make things convenient for, contamination-freely collect sputum when breathing with respirator, guarantees the accuracy of sputum chemical examination.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that embodiment 1 inhales the structural representation of expectorant type tracheal intubation.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of its B-B to cutaway view.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that embodiment 1 inhales the tracheal intubation assembly of expectorant type tracheal intubation formation.
Fig. 4 is that embodiment 2 inhales the structural representation of expectorant type tracheal intubation.
Fig. 5 be among Fig. 4 A-A to the enlarged drawing of cutaway view.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that embodiment 2 inhales the tracheal intubation assembly of expectorant type tracheal intubation formation.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is further specified.
With reference to Fig. 1-2; Embodiment 1 inhales expectorant type tracheal intubation, comprising: arcual intubate main body 1, first sputum aspirator tube 2 and air bag 3, and air bag 3 is located on the periphery of said intubate main body 1 near the front end place; The filling channel 8 of said air bag 3 takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body 1; Said intubate main body 1 is provided with a storage tank that concaves 6 along its centerline direction at tube wall, and the external side of the inlet 7 of development line 11 and first sputum aspirator tube, 2, the first sputum aspirator tubes 2 near said air bag 3 is set in the storage tank 6.4 and 5 is the opening of intubate main body 1 front end among Fig. 1, and 9 is the inlet of filling channel 8, and 10 is the respirator joint.
Wherein, the degree of depth of storage tank 6 is 3/5 of said first sputum aspirator tube, 2 external diameters.This scheme can not influence the intubate operation after can guaranteeing that first sputum aspirator tube 2 embeds storage tank 6, can not increase subject discomfort, and the inlet 7 of first sputum aspirator tube 2 can be in the best expectorant position of inhaling.
Fig. 3 inhales the tracheal intubation assembly that expectorant type tracheal intubation constitutes with embodiment 1.This tracheal intubation assembly comprises: inhale expectorant type tracheal intubation, sputum collection assembly and air bag inflatable component.
With reference to Fig. 1-3; In this tracheal intubation assembly; Inhale expectorant type tracheal intubation and comprise arcual intubate main body 1, first sputum aspirator tube 2 and air bag 3, the filling channel 8 of said air bag 3 takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body 1, and said intubate main body 1 is provided with a storage tank that concaves 6 along its centerline direction at tube wall; The external side of the inlet 7 of development line 11 and first sputum aspirator tube, 2, the first sputum aspirator tubes 2 near said air bag 3 is set in the storage tank 6.
The sputum collection assembly contains sample bottle 15, and sample bottle 15 is connected with the outlet of said first sputum aspirator tube 2, and sample bottle 15 connects second sputum aspirator tube 16 of a band sputum aspirator joint 17 in addition.Sputum aspirator joint 17 is connected with sputum aspirator; Through second sputum aspirator tube 16 and first sputum aspirator tube 2; Automatically remove the sputum of the interior air bag 3 of patient's body in time to the external end of artificial respiration's passage; Sample bottle 15 between first sputum aspirator tube 2 and second sputum aspirator tube 16 can be collected the sputum sample easily, avoids sputum to contact with outside air each other and pollutes, and guarantees the accuracy and the convenience of sputum chemical examination.
The airbag aeration assembly is connected with the inlet 9 of said filling channel 8.The airbag aeration assembly comprises gas tube 12, pilot balloon 13 and the check valve 14 that connects successively from the inlet 9 of said filling channel 8.The airbag aeration assembly after air bag 3 inflations, makes below the person's windpipe throat and extraneous sealing through filling channel 8.
The degree of depth of storage tank 6 is 3/5 of said first sputum aspirator tube, 2 external diameters.After can guaranteeing that first sputum aspirator tube 2 embeds storage tank 6, can not influence the intubate operation, can not increase subject discomfort, and the inlet 7 of first sputum aspirator tube 2 can be in the best expectorant position of inhaling.
This suction expectorant type tracheal intubation has merged artificial respiration's passage and has inhaled the expectorant passage, and each passage independently uses, and does not disturb mutually.This makes when breathing with respirator, can remove the sputum of the interior air bag 3 of patient's body to the external end of artificial respiration's passage easily.Not only avoided repeatedly inserting the risk that does not accommodate damage that sputum aspirator tube brings for the patient respiratory mucous membrane between the indwelling operating period in tracheal intubation; Alleviated pressure and injury on patient, medical personnel and the family numbers of patients soul, and the NP during making tracheal intubation keep somewhere is convenient greatly and simple.
Because artificial respiration's passage and the special amalgamation mode of suction expectorant passage; Make that the profile and the existing tracheal intubation of intubate main body are basic identical; During therefore clinical use and the operation of existing tracheal intubation do not have any difference, patient's impression is also with to insert existing tracheal intubation identical.
Above-mentioned suction expectorant type tracheal intubation can make through following method: adopt accurate extrusion equipment to extrude the straight tube that has filling channel 8 in first sputum aspirator tube 2 and the tube wall earlier; The inlet 9 of machine-shaping storage tank 6 and said filling channel 8 and outlet on the tube wall of said straight tube again; Adopt the bend fixing technology with said straight tube bending then, make arcual intubate main body 1; With sacculus blow molding machine molding air bag 3, air bag 3 is combined in the exit of said intubate main body 1 front end filling channel 8; Storage tank 6 in intubate main body 1 is embedded in first sputum aspirator tube 2, makes the external side of the inlet 7 of first sputum aspirator tube 2 near said air bag 3, and first sputum aspirator tube 2 is connected as one with intubate main body 1.
On the basis of said method, assemble into the airbag aeration assembly in order with making good gas tube 12, pilot balloon 13 and check valve 14, be connected with the inlet 9 of said filling channel 8 then; After will making good sample bottle 15, sputum aspirator joint 17 and sputum aspirator tube assembling again, promptly process above-mentioned suction expectorant type tracheal intubation assembly.
Embodiment 1 inhales the nursing that expectorant type tracheal intubation is applicable to endotracheal intubation and postoperative.
Be that embodiment 2 inhales the structural representation of expectorant type tracheal intubation shown in Fig. 4-5, embodiment 2 inhales expectorant type tracheal intubation and is applicable to tracheotomy.With reference to Fig. 4-5; Embodiment 2 suction expectorant type tracheal intubatioies and embodiment 1 are basic identical; Comprise: arcual intubate main body 1, first sputum aspirator tube 2 and air bag 3; Air bag 3 is located on the periphery of said intubate main body 1 near the front end place, and the filling channel 8 of said air bag 3 takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body 1, and said intubate main body 1 is provided with a storage tank that concaves 6 along its centerline direction at tube wall; The external side of the inlet 7 of development line 11 and first sputum aspirator tube, 2, the first sputum aspirator tubes 2 near said air bag 3 is set in the storage tank 6.4 is the opening of intubate main body 1 front end among Fig. 4, and 10 is the respirator joint.Embodiment 2 is with the difference of embodiment 1: the length and the radian of intubate main body 1 are different.
Fig. 6 is for inhaling the tracheal intubation assembly that expectorant type tracheal intubation constitutes with embodiment 2, and it comprises: suction expectorant type tracheal intubation, sputum collection assembly and air bag inflatable component shown in Figure 4.The composition of sputum collection assembly and air bag inflatable component and they with inhale being connected of expectorant type tracheal intubation all with embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 identical; No longer explanation here; Difference is: in the embodiment 2 tracheal intubation assemblies, the gas tube 12 of airbag aeration assembly and first sputum aspirator tube 2 pass from the support of respirator joint 10.

Claims (6)

1. inhale expectorant type tracheal intubation for one kind; Comprise: arcual intubate main body and air bag; Air bag is located on the periphery of said intubate main body near the front end place, it is characterized in that: the filling channel of said air bag takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body, and said intubate main body is provided with a storage tank that concaves along its centerline direction at tube wall; The development line and first sputum aspirator tube are set in the storage tank, and the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube is near the external side of said air bag.
2. suction expectorant type tracheal intubation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the degree of depth of said storage tank is 2/5~4/5 of the said first sputum aspirator tube external diameter.
3. a tracheal intubation assembly is characterized in that, comprising: inhale expectorant type tracheal intubation, sputum collection assembly and air bag inflatable component;
Said suction expectorant type tracheal intubation comprises arcual intubate main body and air bag; The filling channel of said air bag takes shape in the tube wall of said intubate main body; Said intubate main body is provided with a storage tank that concaves along its centerline direction at tube wall; The development line and first sputum aspirator tube are set in the storage tank, and the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube is near the external side of said air bag;
Said sputum collection assembly contains sample bottle, and sample bottle is connected with the outlet of said first sputum aspirator tube, and sample bottle connects second sputum aspirator tube of a band sputum aspirator joint in addition;
Said airbag aeration assembly is connected with the inlet of said filling channel.
4. tracheal intubation assembly according to claim 3 is characterized in that: said airbag aeration assembly comprises gas tube, pilot balloon and the check valve that connects successively from the inlet of said filling channel.
5. tracheal intubation assembly according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the degree of depth of said storage tank is 2/5~4/5 of the said first sputum aspirator tube external diameter.
6. a manufacturing approach of inhaling expectorant type tracheal intubation is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
Adopt accurate extrusion equipment to extrude the straight tube that has filling channel in first sputum aspirator tube and the tube wall earlier; The entrance and exit of machine-shaping storage tank and said filling channel on the tube wall of said straight tube again; Adopt the bend fixing technology to said straight tube bending then, make arcual intubate main body;
With sacculus blow molding machine molding air bag, air bag is combined in the exit of said intubate body front end filling channel;
First sputum aspirator tube is embedded in the storage tank of intubate main body, make the external side of the inlet of first sputum aspirator tube, and first sputum aspirator tube and intubate main body are connected as one near said air bag.
CN2011102068787A 2011-07-22 2011-07-22 Sputum-suction trachea cannula, trachea cannula assembly and manufacturing method of trachea cannula Pending CN102631740A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664335A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 上海市第十人民医院 Adjustable anti-blocking sputum suction pipe
CN111359070A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-07-03 江西省人民医院 General anesthesia trachea cannula

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2513592Y (en) * 2001-10-23 2002-10-02 冯保玉 Plastic tracheal catheter with air bag
CN101022847A (en) * 2004-07-16 2007-08-22 德永修一 Intra-tracheal sputum aspirating apparatus
CN101653635A (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-02-24 中国人民解放军第二军医大学 Manual tracheotomy tube with antibacterial nano material coating
US20110023884A1 (en) * 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Cuevas Brian J Subglottic Suctioning System
CN202207379U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-05-02 湛江市事达实业有限公司 Sputum suctioning trachea cannula and trachea cannula assembly

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2513592Y (en) * 2001-10-23 2002-10-02 冯保玉 Plastic tracheal catheter with air bag
CN101022847A (en) * 2004-07-16 2007-08-22 德永修一 Intra-tracheal sputum aspirating apparatus
US20110023884A1 (en) * 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Cuevas Brian J Subglottic Suctioning System
CN101653635A (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-02-24 中国人民解放军第二军医大学 Manual tracheotomy tube with antibacterial nano material coating
CN202207379U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-05-02 湛江市事达实业有限公司 Sputum suctioning trachea cannula and trachea cannula assembly

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664335A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 上海市第十人民医院 Adjustable anti-blocking sputum suction pipe
CN111359070A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-07-03 江西省人民医院 General anesthesia trachea cannula

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Application publication date: 20120815