CN102607508B - Geological measuring line with readable angle of pitch - Google Patents

Geological measuring line with readable angle of pitch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102607508B
CN102607508B CN 201210060360 CN201210060360A CN102607508B CN 102607508 B CN102607508 B CN 102607508B CN 201210060360 CN201210060360 CN 201210060360 CN 201210060360 A CN201210060360 A CN 201210060360A CN 102607508 B CN102607508 B CN 102607508B
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capstan
index dial
central shaft
cover
capstan winch
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CN 201210060360
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CN102607508A (en
Inventor
程昊
唐辉明
吴琼
雍睿
孙淼军
马俊伟
夏浩
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China University of Geosciences
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China University of Geosciences
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Abstract

The invention provides a geological measuring line with a readable angle of pitch. The geological measuring line comprises a capstan, a capstan cover and a line body wound on the capstan, wherein the capstan cover is sleeved on the capstan, both the capstan cover and the capstan are sleeved on a center shaft and can rotate around the shaft, a through hole is disposed on a side wall of the capstan, the inner end of the line body penetrates through the through hole to be connected onto the center shaft and can rotate around the shaft, a graduated disc is arranged on the center shaft, the center of the graduated disc is sleeved on the center shaft, the graduated disc can rotate around the shaft, graduations are uniformly distributed on the graduated disc, a leveling device is arranged on the graduated disc, stop positions are disposed at two ends of the center shaft, and the capstan, the graduated disc and the capstan cover are mounted between the two stop positions. The geological measuring line overcomes shortcomings in the prior art, and is simple in structure and convenient and accurate in measurement.

Description

A kind of geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch, be specially the survey instrument used in the work such as a kind of statistics of structural plane in the wild, actual measurement geologic section.
Background technology
The lining rope angle of pitch is the important initial parameter that field geology is measured, when the application scan line method is carried out the rock mass discontinuity parametric statistics, the lining rope angle of pitch will directly affect the valuation of structural plane mean trace length, thereby have influence on the accuracy of the follow-up works such as structural plane network analog, and when structural plane trace and the survey line angle of cut than hour, mean trace length calculated value and network analog result and actual conditions deviation are larger, while therefore measuring, have very large necessity to be controlled the lining rope angle of pitch in the wild.Need to estimate the lining rope angle of pitch by means of geologic compass when with traditional geology lining rope, carrying out Field mapping, but there is obvious errors during by compass estimation lining rope angle of pitch, and take to survey the method that toe substitutes the lining rope angle of pitch when measuring more, the measuring result error obtained like this is very large, and measuring process is more loaded down with trivial details.Therefore, can not directly know that in measuring process the lining rope angle of pitch is the deficiency of traditional geology lining rope, based on above reason, developing a kind of effective geology lining rope that can directly measure the lining rope angle of pitch is the problem that this field domestic demand solves.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch, solved the deficiency in the above-mentioned background technology, it is simple in structure, and measurement is convenient, precision is higher.
Realize that the technical scheme that above-mentioned purpose of the present invention adopts is:
A kind of geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch, at least comprise capstan winch, capstan cover and be wound in the rope body on capstan winch, capstan cover is enclosed within on capstan winch, capstan cover and capstan winch all are set on central shaft and all and can pivot, have through hole on the sidewall of capstan winch, the inner end of rope body is connected on central shaft and can pivots through through hole, central shaft is provided with index dial, index dial is set on central shaft and is pivoted by the center, be evenly distributed with scale on index dial, index dial is provided with levelling device, the two ends of central shaft are equipped with the stop position, capstan winch, index dial and capstan cover all are installed between two stop positions.
Levelling device comprises vertical and level tube, and vertical is fixed in the feather edge place of index dial, level tube be embedded on index dial and be positioned at vertical and the line of central shaft on.
Index dial comprises calibration loop, fixed bar and concentric with the calibration loop annulus that is connected, connecting annulus is enclosed within on central shaft, the two ends of fixed bar are fixedly connected with calibration loop with being connected annulus respectively, and levelling device is installed on the position be connected with fixed bar on calibration loop.
Described stop position is handle, and handle is fixedly connected on the two ends of central shaft by screw thread, and capstan winch, capstan cover and index dial are clipped between two handles.One side of capstan winch is positioned at the outside of capstan cover, and a side of capstan winch is provided with the wiring torsion bar that the convenient cord body is regained.The sidewall of capstan cover is provided with opening, and the outer end of rope body, through opening, is fixed with fag end on the outer end of rope body.
The geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch provided by the invention has following advantage: 1, simple in structure, the present invention only is comprised of capstan cover, capstan winch, rope body, index dial, central shaft and handle, compact conformation between each parts.2, can facilitate when directly arranging the geology survey line in the wild and obtain the angle of pitch value of lining rope, thereby effectively reduce in classic method the deviation of obtaining the lining rope angle of pitch, and reduce the possibility that this parameter is missed.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of the geology lining rope that Fig. 1 is readable angle of pitch provided by the invention;
The rear view that Fig. 2 is Fig. 1;
The vertical view that Fig. 3 is Fig. 1;
The cut-open view that Fig. 4 is Fig. 1;
In figure: 1, index dial, 2, capstan cover, 3, capstan winch, 4, handle, 5, the rope body, 6, fag end, 7, central shaft, 8, level tube, 9, vertical, 10, the wiring torsion bar, 11, fixed bar, 12, connect annulus, 13, calibration loop.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is done to detailed specific description.
The structure of the geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch provided by the invention as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, is comprised of index dial 1, capstan cover 2, capstan winch 3, handle 4, rope body 5 central shafts 7 and levelling device.Index dial 1, capstan cover 2 and capstan winch 3 all are set on central shaft 7 and all can be around central shaft 7 axle rotations, the two ends of central shaft 7 all are installed with handle 4 by screw thread, handle 4 has played the effect of stop position, and capstan winch 3, capstan cover 2 and index dial 1 are clipped between two handles 4.Thereby can be separate between index dial 1, capstan cover 2 and capstan winch 3 threes freely rotate and clamped and interconnect by two handles 4 again.In the present embodiment, handle 4 is wooden pieces and cylindrical, and diameter is 30mm, long 100mm; Central shaft 7 is metallic article, and its diameter is 10mm, long 40mm.
Be evenly distributed with scale on index dial 1, levelling device is positioned on index dial 1.Index dial 1 comprises calibration loop 13, fixed bar 11 and concentric with calibration loop 13 annulus 12 that is connected, connecting annulus 12 is enclosed within on central shaft 7, the two ends of fixed bar 11 are fixedly connected with calibration loop 13 with being connected annulus 12 respectively, and levelling device is installed on the position be connected with fixed bar 11 on calibration loop 13.Levelling device comprises vertical 9 and level tube 8, and vertical 9 is fixed in the edge of calibration loop 13, level tube 8 be embedded on calibration loop 13 and be positioned at vertical 9 and the line of central shaft 7 on.All there is angle index calibration loop 13 left and right sides, and meter full scale is-90 °~90 °, and as shown in Figure 1, vertical 9 and level tube 8 all are positioned at-90 ° of positions on calibration loop 13.Calibration loop 13 external diameters are 350mm, and internal diameter is 300mm, thick 5mm; Connect annulus 12 external diameter 30mm, internal diameter 10mm, thick 5mm, the wide 10mm of fixed bar 11, thick 5mm.
Have through hole on the sidewall of capstan winch 3, rope body 5 is wound on capstan winch 3, and the inner end of rope body 5 is zero mark end, and inner end is through through hole being connected on central shaft 7 by the collar, and the inner end of rope body can be along with capstan winch rotates around central shaft together under the effect of the collar.Capstan cover 2 is enclosed within on capstan winch 3, and the afterbody of capstan winch 3 is positioned at the outside of capstan cover 2, and wiring torsion bar 10 is installed on the afterbody of capstan winch 3, with convenient cord body 5, reclaims.The sidewall of capstan cover 2 is provided with opening, and the outer end of rope body 5 is through opening, and fag end 6 is fixed on the outer end of rope body 5.Capstan cover 2 is for plastic part and be disc, its external diameter 270mm, and thick 30mm, wall thickness 5mm, the diameter of the opening of extracting out for rope body 5 on capstan cover 2 sidewalls is 10mm; Capstan winch 3 is plastic part, its external diameter 50mm, and internal diameter 10mm, thick 25mm, the through-hole diameter had on capstan winch 3 sidewalls is 10mm.
The using method of the geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch provided by the invention is as follows: in geology to be measured, appears or an end of section, and the flat handle of people's both hands, a people holds the fag end body of restricting to the other end of determinand and extracts out fully and strain.Due to index dial, under the vertical Gravitative Loads, 0 ° of groove is level gradually, now observes level tube, if in level tube, bubble is not placed in the middle, fine-tuning both hands hold attitude makes bubble placed in the middle.After index dial is stable, can read rope body corresponding groove angle number on calibration loop, this angle is the angle of lining rope and surface level, if the number of degrees add that by being estimated number 90 ° obtain the lining rope angle of pitch by negative value, if the number of degrees are by the occasion of being estimated number, being the lining rope angle of pitch.Obtain can carrying out concrete geology actual measurement work after the value of lining rope inclination angle, the rear wiring torsion bar arranged on capstan winch that rotates with hand of having worked, regain lining rope thereby the body of restricting raps around on capstan winch.

Claims (4)

1. the geology lining rope of a readable angle of pitch, at least comprise capstan winch, capstan cover and be wound in the rope body on capstan winch, capstan cover is enclosed within on capstan winch, it is characterized in that: capstan cover and capstan winch all are set on central shaft and all and can pivot, have through hole on the sidewall of capstan winch, the inner end of rope body is connected on central shaft and can pivots through through hole, central shaft is provided with index dial, index dial is set on central shaft and is pivoted by the center, be evenly distributed with scale on index dial, index dial is provided with levelling device, levelling device comprises vertical and level tube, vertical is fixed in the edge of index dial, level tube be embedded on index dial and be positioned at vertical and the line of central shaft on, the two ends of central shaft are equipped with the stop position, and capstan winch, index dial and capstan cover all are installed between two stop positions, index dial comprises calibration loop, fixed bar and concentric with the calibration loop annulus that is connected, and connects annulus and is enclosed within on central shaft, and the two ends of fixed bar are fixedly connected with calibration loop with being connected annulus respectively, and levelling device is installed on the position be connected with fixed bar on calibration loop.
2. the geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stop position is handle, handle is fixedly connected on the two ends of central shaft by screw thread, and capstan winch, capstan cover and index dial are clipped between two handles.
3. the geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the afterbody of capstan winch is positioned at the outside of capstan cover, and a side of capstan winch is provided with the wiring torsion bar that the convenient cord body is regained.
4. the geology lining rope of readable angle of pitch according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sidewall of capstan cover is provided with opening, and the outer end of rope body, through opening, is fixed with fag end on the outer end of rope body.
CN 201210060360 2012-03-08 2012-03-08 Geological measuring line with readable angle of pitch Active CN102607508B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210060360 CN102607508B (en) 2012-03-08 2012-03-08 Geological measuring line with readable angle of pitch

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CN102607508B true CN102607508B (en) 2013-12-18

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109975067B (en) * 2019-04-16 2020-07-28 中国水利水电科学研究院 Water body sample sampling depth correcting device
CN111502648A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-08-07 中国石油天然气集团有限公司 Method and device for calibrating logging instrument for remotely detecting electromagnetic wave resistivity while drilling

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2888410Y (en) * 2006-02-15 2007-04-11 邹飞 Simple height measurer
CN101339024A (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-01-07 王苏玉 Hydrometric bridge gauging vehicle sounding deflection angle panel
CN101799288A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-08-11 宋子龙 Exquisite geological clinometer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2888410Y (en) * 2006-02-15 2007-04-11 邹飞 Simple height measurer
CN101339024A (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-01-07 王苏玉 Hydrometric bridge gauging vehicle sounding deflection angle panel
CN101799288A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-08-11 宋子龙 Exquisite geological clinometer

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