CN102587945A - Hydraulic walking multi-level temporary supporting equipment for advancement of tunnel - Google Patents

Hydraulic walking multi-level temporary supporting equipment for advancement of tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102587945A
CN102587945A CN2012100613232A CN201210061323A CN102587945A CN 102587945 A CN102587945 A CN 102587945A CN 2012100613232 A CN2012100613232 A CN 2012100613232A CN 201210061323 A CN201210061323 A CN 201210061323A CN 102587945 A CN102587945 A CN 102587945A
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China
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groups
holders
taking
temporary
temporary lining
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CN2012100613232A
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CN102587945B (en
Inventor
宁掌玄
武立文
张海荣
耿彦文
王衍
柴文川
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Shanxi Datong University
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Shanxi Datong University
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of equipment for advancement production of coal mines, and particularly relates to hydraulic walking multi-level temporary supporting equipment for advancement of a tunnel, which aims to realize safe and fast advancement of coal mine advancing tunnels. Single supports, which are located on the same side, of a walking support group and a temporary support group are serially connected onto a guide track and can slide relative to the guide track, and single supports located on the left side and the right side of the walking support group and single supports located on the left side and the right side of the temporary support group are connected with a pushing mechanism capable of pushing the single supports to move longitudinally. The hydraulic walking multi-level temporary supporting equipment has the advantages that safety of supporting operation is greatly improved; timely supporting of the supporting equipment can be guaranteed when the grade of the tunnel is changed; and the supporting equipment is an integral structure, runs independently and saves time, labor and space.

Description

The multistage temporary lining equipment of digging laneway hydraulic walking type
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of the colliery driving plant-scale equipment, be specially the multistage temporary lining equipment of a kind of digging laneway hydraulic walking type.
Background technology
Show that according to the national statistics data 1954 of all kinds of accidents took place altogether in the colliery in 2008, death toll is 3215 people; Wherein top board has an accident 1032; Death toll 1222 people, the accident that accounts for respectively plays 52.8% and 38.0% of number, death toll, and shared accident ratio is maximum.For this reason, " safety regulations in coal mine " 41 special provisions: " driving face forbid the operation of sky top "; " before beating square, must tap at first that the cash of will living is disposed, guarantee under the safe condition, can operation ".
Tunnelling temporary lining is a kind of effective means that prevents roof deformation and inbreak, is one and is related to the important step that can the colliery be tunneled safely.At present the temporary lining mode has a variety ofly, but all has such-and-such problem, and The field is got up all not really desirable, causes that security incident takes place frequently, a series of problems such as time-consuming, serious interference, driving speed are slow, inefficiency.The step type automatic shifting stand is the most promising a kind of support pattern; Suspension device walking along the floor, tunnel, it is few to take lane space, disturbs little with other equipment; Existing in recent years research; But this kind suspension device also has a lot of technical barriers to fail to solve, and causes its application to receive restriction significantly, and the main problem that exists is:
(1) do not resolve the scientific design of orbit, take a step to move and the deflection problem often occurs, artificial back work amount is big.
(2) equipment is too fat to move, and mechanism is complicated, and fault takes place frequently, and it is big to take up room, and disturbs big.
(3) stepping mechanism often receives the influence of roadway floor planeness, difficulty in walking.
(4) can only realize the one-level supporting at present, the operation conversion is frequent.
The height of temporary lining technical level is directly connected to the key issue such as safety in production, driving speed, drivage efficiency, excavation cost in colliery, has become the technical barrier that coal enterprise presses for tackling key problem.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention: realize colliery digging laneway safety driving, speedy drivage.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
The multistage temporary lining equipment of a kind of digging laneway hydraulic walking type; The temporary lining groups of holders that laterally arranges before and after it is characterized in that comprising and the groups of holders of taking a step; The temporary lining groups of holders comprises the temporary lining carrier unit of some groups of settings parallel to each other; The groups of holders of taking a step comprises the carrier unit of taking a step of some groups of settings parallel to each other; Every group of temporary lining carrier unit and the every group of carrier unit of taking a step all comprise the symmetrically arranged support unit in the left and right sides; The support unit that the groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders are positioned at the same side is series on the guide rail and with guide rail and can slides relatively, and the support unit of the groups of holders of taking a step and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides all is connected with and can promotes the pushing mechanism that it vertically moves.
Each support unit of the groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders all comprises the upper cylinder and following oil cylinder that is connected up and down, and the connecting portion of upper cylinder and following oil cylinder is set to have the sliding chute seat of chute, wears guide rail in the sliding chute seat on the support unit of the same side.
Described pushing mechanism is a push cylinder; All be provided with the push cylinder and the fixing cylinder seat of push cylinder to the support unit of the both sides of second group of falsework unit from last group carrier unit of taking a step, the tailpiece of the piston rod of push cylinder is connected on the adjacent last support unit.
Be arranged with two chutes on the described sliding chute seat, corresponding groups of holders and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides of taking a step is provided with two guide rails respectively.
But two support units of the every group of carrier unit left and right sides of taking a step connect through the crossbeam of roll adjustment.
Temporary support device of the present invention is arranged along digging laneway two lateral walls; With the tunnel roof and floor as stress point; Each side have two support units to withstand roof and floor simultaneously when mobile, make guide rail keep certain direction, other supports can be realized advancing under the effect that promotes oil cylinder, backward movement; In time apace falsework is transplanted on the temporary lining district; The portal support that relies on hydraulic prop and crossbeam thereof to form is carried out immediate support to top board, prevents the distortion and the inbreak of top board effectively, can in time fall back on safe opening after the completion supporting task and overhaul; Improved the space availability ratio in tunnel effectively, avoided the mutually mutual interference of driving with supporting; Guide rail moves with moving of support voluntarily, and it is any auxiliary not need manual work to do.Take a step carrier unit and falsework unit be provided with as requested its group number; The enabling capabilities of hydraulic support can specifically design according to customer requirements; Guarantee that falsework can provide enough support forces to top board; Effectively top board is carried out supporting, improve the safety and the reliability of supporting operation greatly.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following characteristics:
(1) can realize multistage continuous supporting, avoid the frequent transitions of operation, realize effective utilization in man-hour.
(2) taking a step is the push-and-pull that relies on the horizontal push cylinder on the support unit; Slippage realizes on guide rail to make the support of taking a step; When support is taken a step since up and down oil cylinder regain, so the planeness on floor, top, tunnel is had no requirement, the adaptive capacity of suspension device is strong.
(3) the present invention can regulate the angle of guide rail and horizontal plane at any time through the adjusting of the stroke of alternate support, but assurance device is in the normal use that becomes under the sloping situation.
(4) the parallel arranged in series of each pack support is in guide rail, and is not only separate but also rely on each other, each other fulcrum, take a step action, co-ordination.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) each support rises rack beam and steel band, gauze wire cloth during supporting roof, can enough support forces be provided to top board, effectively top board is carried out supporting, improves the safety of supporting operation greatly.
(2) go up and down through the front and back of guide rail, can guarantee the immediate support of suspension device when roadway slope change.
(3) through artificial assisting, can guarantee turning at any time of suspension device.
(4) suspension device has a style of one's own, independent operating, time saving and energy saving save space.
(5) suspension device can with development machine, jumbolter work compound, supporting use.
(6) simple in structure, supporting is timely, bearing capacity is high, good stability, good endurance, practical, interference is little, the back work amount is few, technology simple, maneuverability, maintenance are convenient.
In a word; This temporary support device application will bring once technical revolution to roadway construction; Will play positive facilitation to the aspects such as technological progress of safety in production, speedy drivage, the alleviation debalance of preparation and winning work contradiction in colliery, the modernization construction process of liberating and developing productive force, early produce coal, produce coal soon, accelerate coal industry, propelling coal industry, economic benefit is fairly obvious, and application prospect is boundless; Product has competitive advantage, and market demand is huge.Huge contribution is made in aspects such as the application of novel temporary support device will be played inhibitory action to roof accident, casualties, and this can stablize the harmony of society, family's wellbeing joint safe and comfortable, medical expenses props up, and its social effect is fairly obvious.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention,
Among the figure: the 1-carrier unit of taking a step, 2-temporary lining carrier unit, the 3-guide rail, the 4-upper cylinder, oil cylinder under the 5-, the 6-sliding chute seat, the 7-push cylinder, the 8-crossbeam, the 9-longeron, 10-shores, the 11-bottom bracing.
The specific embodiment
Be described further in conjunction with the accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention.
The multistage temporary lining equipment of digging laneway hydraulic walking type; The temporary lining groups of holders that laterally arranges before and after it is characterized in that comprising and the groups of holders of taking a step; The temporary lining groups of holders comprises the temporary lining carrier unit 2 of some groups of settings parallel to each other; The groups of holders of taking a step comprises the carrier unit 1 of taking a step of some groups of settings parallel to each other; Every group of temporary lining carrier unit 2 all comprises the symmetrically arranged support unit in the left and right sides with the every group of carrier unit 1 of taking a step; The support unit that the groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders are positioned at the same side is series on the guide rail 3 and with guide rail 3 and can slides relatively, and the support unit of the groups of holders of taking a step and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides all is connected with and can promotes the pushing mechanism that it vertically moves.The groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders are first, second from front to back ... Last group temporary lining carrier unit and first, second ... Last group carrier unit of taking a step.Described pushing mechanism is a push cylinder 7; All be provided with the push cylinder and the fixing cylinder seat of push cylinder to the support unit of the both sides of second group of falsework unit from last group carrier unit of taking a step, the tailpiece of the piston rod of push cylinder is connected on the adjacent last support unit.
Each support unit of the groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders all comprises the upper cylinder 4 and following oil cylinder 5 that is connected up and down; The connecting portion of upper cylinder 4 and following oil cylinder 5 is set to have the sliding chute seat 6 of chute, wears guide rail 3 in the sliding chute seat 6 on the support unit of the same side.Be arranged with two chutes on the sliding chute seat 6, corresponding groups of holders and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides of taking a step is provided with two guide rails 3 respectively.But two support units of the every group of carrier unit left and right sides of taking a step connect through the crossbeam 8 of roll adjustment.
Operating principle of the present invention: the up-down through two groups of alternate hydraulic props is regulated; Make guide rail keep certain direction, other supports can be under the effect that promotes oil cylinder along guide rail realize advancing, backward movement, in time apace falsework is transplanted on the temporary lining district; Artificial gauze wire cloth with the good steel band of colligation is suspended on the rack beam; Oil cylinder stretches out, and the jacking of gauze wire cloth girder steel realizes the supporting of online in time and top board.

Claims (5)

1. the multistage temporary lining of digging laneway hydraulic walking type is equipped; The temporary lining groups of holders that laterally arranges before and after it is characterized in that comprising and the groups of holders of taking a step; The temporary lining groups of holders comprises the temporary lining carrier unit (2) of some groups of settings parallel to each other; The groups of holders of taking a step comprises the carrier unit of taking a step (1) of some groups of settings parallel to each other; Every group of temporary lining carrier unit (2) and the every group of carrier unit of taking a step (1) all comprise the symmetrically arranged support unit in the left and right sides; The support unit that the groups of holders of taking a step and temporary lining groups of holders are positioned at the same side is series on the guide rail (3) and with guide rail (3) and can slides relatively, and the support unit of the groups of holders of taking a step and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides all is connected with and can promotes the pushing mechanism that it vertically moves.
2. the multistage temporary support device of digging laneway hydraulic walking type according to claim 1; It is characterized in that taking a step each support unit of groups of holders and temporary lining groups of holders all comprises upper cylinder (4) and the following oil cylinder (5) that is connected up and down; The connecting portion of upper cylinder (4) and following oil cylinder (5) is set to have the sliding chute seat (6) of chute, wears guide rail (3) in the sliding chute seat on the support unit of the same side (6).
3. the multistage temporary support device of digging laneway hydraulic walking type according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that described pushing mechanism is push cylinder (7); All be provided with the push cylinder and the fixing cylinder seat of push cylinder to the support unit of the both sides of second group of falsework unit from last group carrier unit of taking a step, the tailpiece of the piston rod of push cylinder is connected on the adjacent last support unit.
4. the multistage temporary support device of digging laneway hydraulic walking type according to claim 3; It is characterized in that being arranged with on the described sliding chute seat (6) two chutes, corresponding groups of holders and the temporary lining groups of holders left and right sides of taking a step is provided with two guide rails (3) respectively.
5. the multistage temporary support device of digging laneway hydraulic walking type according to claim 4, but it is characterized in that of crossbeam (8) connection of two support units of the every group of carrier unit left and right sides of taking a step through roll adjustment.
CN201210061323.2A 2012-03-09 2012-03-09 Hydraulic walking multi-level temporary supporting equipment for advancement of tunnel Expired - Fee Related CN102587945B (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103362527A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-10-23 江苏巨鹰机械有限公司 Moving device for speedy drivage and moving method thereof
CN103470292A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-25 四川省华蓥山煤业股份有限公司李子垭南煤矿 Coal roadway rapid excavation temporary supporting system and supporting method applying same
CN105221173A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-06 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 Fully-mechanized mining working two ends crosses freeboard section supporting method
CN107605520A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-01-19 龙口矿业集团有限公司 The removable continuous supporting support of coal-face
CN108049868A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-18 辽宁工程技术大学 The method that itself there is the continuous miner of branch protective function and mined with the coalcutter
CN109707430A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-05-03 辽宁工程技术大学 A kind of roadway head gib equipment and application method
CN110219681A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-09-10 霍州煤电集团河津腾晖煤业有限责任公司 A kind of mobile temporary supporting device and its construction method
CN112096436A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-18 中国矿业大学 Tunneling working face circulating support combined support
CN112302698A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-02 贵州理工学院 Folding hydraulic tunnel supporting device convenient to carry
CN113882888A (en) * 2021-11-01 2022-01-04 安徽理工大学 Double-door efficient and rapid circulating self-moving anchor support integrated equipment and control method
CN112096436B (en) * 2020-10-10 2024-05-10 中国矿业大学 Combined support for cyclic support of tunneling working face

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GB1127542A (en) * 1965-02-17 1968-09-18 Arnold Haarmann Conveyors and roof supports for mines
CN201347767Y (en) * 2008-12-29 2009-11-18 栗起君 Single hydraulic prop composite support
CN102116164A (en) * 2011-01-23 2011-07-06 湖南科技大学 Temporary supporting device for roadway drifting
CN202628142U (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-12-26 山西大同大学 Excavation laneway hydraulic walking type multistage temporary supporting equipment

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1127542A (en) * 1965-02-17 1968-09-18 Arnold Haarmann Conveyors and roof supports for mines
CN201347767Y (en) * 2008-12-29 2009-11-18 栗起君 Single hydraulic prop composite support
CN102116164A (en) * 2011-01-23 2011-07-06 湖南科技大学 Temporary supporting device for roadway drifting
CN202628142U (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-12-26 山西大同大学 Excavation laneway hydraulic walking type multistage temporary supporting equipment

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103362527A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-10-23 江苏巨鹰机械有限公司 Moving device for speedy drivage and moving method thereof
CN103362527B (en) * 2013-07-23 2016-12-28 江苏巨鹰机械有限公司 Speedy drivage mobile device and moving method thereof
CN103470292A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-25 四川省华蓥山煤业股份有限公司李子垭南煤矿 Coal roadway rapid excavation temporary supporting system and supporting method applying same
CN105221173A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-06 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 Fully-mechanized mining working two ends crosses freeboard section supporting method
CN107605520A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-01-19 龙口矿业集团有限公司 The removable continuous supporting support of coal-face
CN108049868A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-18 辽宁工程技术大学 The method that itself there is the continuous miner of branch protective function and mined with the coalcutter
CN109707430A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-05-03 辽宁工程技术大学 A kind of roadway head gib equipment and application method
CN109707430B (en) * 2019-03-12 2024-03-19 辽宁工程技术大学 Temporary support equipment for tunnel excavation working face and use method
CN110219681A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-09-10 霍州煤电集团河津腾晖煤业有限责任公司 A kind of mobile temporary supporting device and its construction method
CN110219681B (en) * 2019-06-13 2021-01-01 霍州煤电集团河津腾晖煤业有限责任公司 Movable temporary supporting device and construction method thereof
CN112096436A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-18 中国矿业大学 Tunneling working face circulating support combined support
CN112096436B (en) * 2020-10-10 2024-05-10 中国矿业大学 Combined support for cyclic support of tunneling working face
CN112302698A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-02 贵州理工学院 Folding hydraulic tunnel supporting device convenient to carry
CN113882888A (en) * 2021-11-01 2022-01-04 安徽理工大学 Double-door efficient and rapid circulating self-moving anchor support integrated equipment and control method
CN113882888B (en) * 2021-11-01 2024-04-19 安徽理工大学 Double-door type efficient and rapid circulation self-moving anchor supporting integrated equipment and control method

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