CN102458593B - Apparatus and method for providing climb assistance - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for providing climb assistance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102458593B
CN102458593B CN201080032185.4A CN201080032185A CN102458593B CN 102458593 B CN102458593 B CN 102458593B CN 201080032185 A CN201080032185 A CN 201080032185A CN 102458593 B CN102458593 B CN 102458593B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
load
rope
drag
starting power
auxiliary
Prior art date
Application number
CN201080032185.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102458593A (en
Inventor
乔纳森·沃森
杰斯波·弗雷德里克森
奥利佛·巴锡
詹姆士·戈德塞尔
阿拉斯泰尔·基尔戈
Original Assignee
利佩特控股(英国)有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0908587A priority Critical patent/GB2470370A/en
Priority to GB0908587.9 priority
Application filed by 利佩特控股(英国)有限公司 filed Critical 利佩特控股(英国)有限公司
Priority to PCT/GB2010/050814 priority patent/WO2010133876A1/en
Publication of CN102458593A publication Critical patent/CN102458593A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102458593B publication Critical patent/CN102458593B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/0048Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for mountaineering, e.g. climbing-walls, grip elements for climbing-walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/15Arrangements for force transmissions
    • A63B21/157Ratchet-wheel links; Overrunning clutches; One-way clutches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/0064Attachments on the trainee preventing falling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/0054Features for injury prevention on an apparatus, e.g. shock absorbers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • B66D1/40Control devices
    • B66D1/48Control devices automatic
    • B66D1/485Control devices automatic electrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • B66D1/40Control devices
    • B66D1/48Control devices automatic
    • B66D1/50Control devices automatic for maintaining predetermined rope, cable, or chain tension, e.g. in ropes or cables for towing craft, in chains for anchors; Warping or mooring winch-cable tension control
    • B66D1/505Control devices automatic for maintaining predetermined rope, cable, or chain tension, e.g. in ropes or cables for towing craft, in chains for anchors; Warping or mooring winch-cable tension control electrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/0054Features for injury prevention on an apparatus, e.g. shock absorbers
    • A63B2071/0081Stopping the operation of the apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user
    • A63B2071/0625Emitting sound, noise or music
    • A63B2071/0627Emitting sound, noise or music when used improperly, e.g. by giving a warning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B2071/0655Tactile feedback
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/50Force related parameters
    • A63B2220/51Force
    • A63B2220/52Weight, e.g. weight distribution
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Miscellaneous features of sport apparatus, devices or equipment
    • A63B2225/10Multi-station exercising machines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Miscellaneous features of sport apparatus, devices or equipment
    • A63B2225/50Wireless data transmission, e.g. by radio transmitters or telemetry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Miscellaneous features of sport apparatus, devices or equipment
    • A63B2225/72Means preventing unauthorised use, e.g. by lowering a tennis net
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2230/00Measuring physiological parameters of the user
    • A63B2230/01User's weight

Abstract

The present invention relates to an apparatus for providing ascent assistance comprising: a motive force generator; a motive force applicator operably linked to the motive force generator, and, in use of the apparatus, an object to which the motive force applicator applies a motive force, and a control mechanism comprising a load sensing means and a haulage force application means; said control mechanism being formed and arranged so as to control the motive force generator in a first, calibration, in which it detects a load applied to motive force applicator by the object and said haulage force is determined as a percentage of the applied load; the control mechanism being operable to switch the operation of the motive force generator into a second, assisted ascent mode. The invention further relates to a method for assisting a user in an ascent when working at height.

Description

Auxiliary equipment and method is climbed for providing

Technical field

The present invention relates to for providing the equipment rising and assist and the system related to for providing rising to assist and the method related to for user auxiliary in rising.The present invention specifically but not exclusively relate to climbing servicing unit and relating to and rising or the method for auxiliary user in analog.

Background technology

Many healths to climbing ladder and other structures are had to apply the system of auxiliary commercially available acquisition at present.In the system that these are known, having manyly different provides auxiliary method; But usually, its whole object is to provide the element of drag to overcome the weight of some users to rope or line.In fact, way up pulls in order to be used in the power being less than body wt in a way by " pulling " of putting on rope or line.

The shortcoming be associated with these known systems guarantees that user does not inadvertently require too much assisting from system, requires thus to be greater than the auxiliary of user's deadweight.In this case, system will have potential be out of favour and dangerous results promote user.

In order to overcome this shortcoming, the auxiliary amount that system can obtain from entire system is usually limited to the upper limit of 40 to 50kg, is namely less than the quality of anticipated user.This protection itself has shortcoming, namely, 50kg auxiliary put on and almost do not have booster action with the user of instrument and equipment heavy 120kg altogether, and if user is less than 50kg in weight, so system still provides the lifting of potential danger level to assist to such user.

Other the potential shortcomings be associated with known technology are, these systems can not promptly change when operator or user oneself are not back to system control panel the user adapting to have Different Weight.In addition, if the combination weight of user is being collected due to instrument and equipment or is placing and in use change between the system operating period, so known system will be not suitable with the weight compensating of its applying.

Another shortcoming is, user accurately must know its quality of adding any equipment carried and can by this quality or relevant compensation rate input system.In addition, the mistake that known system can not compensate the quality aspect in input system uses or user's mistake.

In addition, user only needs to be forced to be clamped in system when rising at it.This is due to the fact that, namely system will attempt to pull user all the time on one's own initiative, therefore only when user is structurally rising or be static, namely just can attach to system when assistant starting or when closing.Therefore, if it marches to the side of structure, because device will be locked or attempt it upwards to pull, so the system of prior art can not be used for protecting user.

Summary of the invention

An object of the present invention is the one or more shortcomings overcoming known system.

According to first aspect, the invention provides load verification device, comprising:

Starting power generator;

Starting power applicator, it is operationally connected in starting power generator; And,

Object, in the use of load verification device, starting power is put on described object by starting power applicator; And

Controlling organization, it has load induction tool and drag applies instrument; Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein starting power generator is stopped, and wherein load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load being put on starting power applicator by object in addition, and described drag applies tool being operable and is multiplied by equal dl according to equation hf the amount that a measures the drag being put on starting power applicator by starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equal the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected in kg and " a " equal with percentage be applied in auxiliary.

In particularly preferred embodiments, object comprises user, includes but not limited to people and/or animal.Selectively or in addition, object can comprise equipment, instrument or any other lifeless object.

In the embodiment of first aspect, starting power generator can comprise with power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley, counter weight device and/or one or more with in power-actuated lifting device.Can be such as scissor lift machine mechanism with power-actuated lifting device.Therefore, starting power generator can operate to produce and can act on other device and/or the power of object.

In the embodiment of first aspect, starting power applicator can comprise rope.Easy understand, term rope comprises the line being suitable for any type supporting load.Such as, rope can be natural or the rope of synthetic fibers, ribbon bar, steel wire or rope, cable or analog.In such embodiments, object preferably can attach to rope.Therefore, starting power applicator is connected in starting power generator, thus generates starting power from it, and then starting power can put on object by applicator.

Be with power-actuated cable winding drum and starting power applicator is in the embodiment of rope at starting power generator, rope is preferably attached to cable winding drum and attaches to object in the use of described device.

In embodiments of the invention, rope can be continuous loop.

Selectively, rope at one end attaches to starting power generator, and in the use of described device, attaches to object at the distal portions along rope.In particular embodiments, rope at one end attaches to uses power-actuated cable winding drum, and in the use of described device, is attaching to object such as user along the distal portions of rope.

In selectable embodiment, starting power applicator is platform or analog.In such embodiments, object preferably can be positioned on platform.In such embodiments, will understand, starting power puts on object from below, and namely platform promotes object instead of pulls object.

Object can directly attach to starting power applicator, or selectively, can indirectly attach to starting power applicator.

In embodiments of the invention, the scope of auxiliary " a " of applying is between 0% to 99%.

Although apply auxiliary can be 99%, in fact it may be less than 99% because when assisting of applying close to 99% time, object will stand the towing of some non-spontaneous.Comprise in the embodiment of user/people at object, the towing of this non-spontaneous will be less desirable, because people is promoted when losing the control to enhancing action.

In multiple embodiment, the scope of auxiliary " a " of applying can between 10% to 70%.

Drag can have any size.Comprise in the embodiment of people/user at object, drag can be as high as the maximum of 140kg equivalent.Apply the drag of maximum by comprising people/user at object, load verification device is provided with the security feature preventing user from standing potential large non-spontaneous drag.

In selectable embodiment, will understand, drag can have the high size to the safe-working load of load verification device.

The drag of the 0kg measured by mean the 0kg detected by load induction tool load or pre-set 0% auxiliary.

Drag will typically according to equation: hf=dl × a measures with kgf or newton,

Wherein:

● hf=is in the drag of kg

● dl=is in the load detected of kg

● a=assisting as percentage

Drag should be considered as comprising " promotion " power and " pulling " power.That is, drag can upwardly load and/or upwards can pull load.

Load can be the weight of user and/or instrument and/or equipment or analog.To understand, any load can put on starting power applicator with initialization of calibration pattern.In addition, drag applies tool being operable to measure in response to the load detecting by load induction tool the amount putting on the drag of load.

In embodiments of the invention, after load may detect preselected period of time by load induction tool, drag has applied tool being operable measures the drag being put on starting power applicator by starting power generator amount with preselected period of time.

More specifically, preselected period of time can be 0 to 10 second, can be even more specifically 1 to 5 second, and preferably 3 to 4 seconds.By this way, when object such as user is associated with the starting power applicator of calibrating installation, calibration mode will not inadvertently not activated, and instead, will need the pro-active intervention on part operation person or user.In particular embodiments, the preselected period of time of delay guarantees that calibration mode is not inadvertently activated when object such as user is retained on the rope of calibrating installation, and instead, will need the pro-active intervention on part operation person or user.

In embodiments of the invention, signal can be communicated to operator or user with the successful calibration of device described in signal designation.

Signal can be such as earcon.Selectively or additionally, signal can comprise visible signal or haptic signal.Visible signal can be such as light.Haptic signal can be the vibration applied by rope.

According to second aspect, the invention provides for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, comprising:

Starting power generator;

Starting power applicator, it is operationally connected in starting power generator; And,

Object, in the use of described equipment, starting power is put on object by starting power applicator; And

Controlling organization, it comprises load induction tool and drag applies instrument; Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein starting power generator is stopped, and additionally, wherein load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect and puts on the load of starting power applicator by object and described drag applies tool being operable is multiplied by equal dl according to equation hf the amount that a measures the drag being put on starting power applicator by starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary; Controlling organization can operate the operation of starting power generator to be switched to second by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially acts on starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and described drag applies tool being operable the drag of described mensuration is put on starting power applicator by means of starting power generator, and drag and load act in starting power applicator on the contrary.

In particularly preferred embodiments, object comprises user, includes but not limited to people and/or animal.Selectively or additionally, object can comprise equipment, instrument or any other lifeless object.

In the embodiment of second aspect, starting power generator can comprise with power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley, counter weight device and/or one or more with in power-actuated lifting device.Can be such as scissor lift machine mechanism with power-actuated lifting device.Therefore, starting power generator can operate to produce the power that can act on other device and/or object.

In the embodiment of second aspect, starting power applicator can comprise rope.Easy understand, term rope comprises the line being suitable for any type supporting load.Such as, rope can be natural or the rope of synthetic fibers, ribbon bar, steel wire or rope, cable or analog.In such embodiments, object preferably can attach to rope.Therefore, starting power applicator is connected in starting power generator, thus generates starting power from it, and then starting power can put on object by applicator.

Be with power-actuated cable winding drum and starting power applicator is that in the embodiment of rope, rope is preferably attached to cable winding drum at starting power generator, and attach to object in the use of described device.

In embodiments of the invention, rope can be continuous loop.

Selectively, rope at one end attaches to starting power generator, and in the use of described device, attaches to object at the distal portions along rope.In particular embodiments, rope at one end attaches to uses power-actuated cable winding drum, and in the use of described device, is attaching to object such as user along the distal portions of rope.

In selectable embodiment, starting power applicator is platform or analog.In such embodiments, object preferably can be positioned on platform.In such embodiments, will understand, starting power puts on object from below, and namely platform promotes object instead of pulls object.

Object can directly attach to starting power applicator, or selectively, can indirectly attach to starting power applicator.

In preferred embodiments, equipment climbs auxiliary equipment for providing.In such embodiments, object will comprise user.

In particularly preferred embodiments, climb auxiliary equipment comprise for providing:

Use power-actuated cable winding drum;

Rope, it attaches to described cable winding drum, and attaches to user in the use of described device; And

Controlling organization, it comprises load induction tool and drag applies instrument; Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls to use power-actuated cable winding drum with the first calibration mode, wherein be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, and additionally, wherein load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load that puts on rope and described drag applies tool being operable to measure the amount of the drag being put on rope by cable winding drum, described drag equals dl according to equation hf and is multiplied by a mensuration, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary;

Controlling organization can operate the operation of cable winding drum to be switched to second to climb pattern by auxiliary, wherein cable winding drum runs to prevent from using relaxing in the rope between the user of described device and described cable winding drum, and described drag applies tool being operable drag is put on rope by means of cable winding drum, described drag with the power measured to user provide climb auxiliary.

In embodiments of the invention, the scope of auxiliary " a " of applying is between 0% to 99%.

Although apply auxiliary can be 99%, in fact it may be less than 99% because when assisting of applying close to 99% time, object will stand the towing of some non-spontaneous.Comprise in the embodiment of user/people at object, the towing of such non-spontaneous will be less desirable, because people is promoted when losing the control to enhancing action.

In multiple embodiment, the scope of auxiliary " a " of applying can between 10% to 70%.

Drag can have any size.Comprise in the embodiment of people/user at object, drag can be as high as the maximum of 140kg equivalent.Apply the drag of maximum by comprising people/user at object, equipment is provided with the security feature preventing user from standing the drag of large non-spontaneous.

In selectable embodiment, will understand, drag can have the high size to device security live load.

The drag of the 0kg measured by mean the 0kg that load induction tool detects load or pre-set 0% auxiliary.Therefore, when drag is 0kg, will provide to object not by auxiliary rising for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises.Such embodiment is not climbed such as providing to user by auxiliary.

Drag will typically according to equation: hf=dl × a measures with kgf or newton,

Wherein:

● hf=is in the drag of kg

● dl=is in the load detected of kg

● a=assisting as percentage

As also identical with first aspect situation, in second aspect, drag should be considered as comprising " promotion " power and " pulling " power.That is, drag can upwardly load and/or upwards can pull load.

Load can be the weight of user and/or instrument and/or equipment or analog.To understand, any load can put on rope with initialization of calibration pattern.

In the embodiment of second aspect, drag applies tool being operable to measure in response to the load detecting by load induction tool the amount putting on the drag of load.

In selectable embodiment, pre-calibration pattern was carried out before the first calibration mode, in pre-calibration pattern, controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls starting power generator with balanced power difference and object, until load induction tool detects the constant load of predetermined hold-time.Afterwards, the first calibration mode is initialised.

When drag puts on starting power applicator by starting power generator, object is not inadvertently moved by assisting in rising, because drag will be not enough to all the time with himself moving object.

By this way, starting power generator is enough to, by being reduced to close to zero kilogram second by the Payload of assisting in ascending fashion in starting power applicator, guarantee that the level of assisting is relevant to the actual load that starting power applicator detects all the time during calibration mode to the subsidiary level that object provides simultaneously.

Load can be the weight of user and/or instrument and/or equipment or analog.To understand, any weight can put on starting power applicator with initialization of calibration pattern.

In embodiments of the invention, in the first calibration mode, drag applies tool being operable to measure the amount of the drag being put on starting power applicator by starting power generator after having may detect preselected period of time by load induction tool at load.

More specifically, preselected period of time can be 0 to 10 second, can be even more specifically 1 to 5 second, and preferably 3 to 4 seconds.By this way, calibration mode will not inadvertently not activated when object such as user is associated with the starting power applicator of equipment, and instead, will need the pro-active intervention on part operation person or user.Pro-active intervention can take such as user its weight to be put on the form of device or guiding device reception rope.

In particular embodiments, the preselected period of time of delay guarantees that calibration mode will not inadvertently not activated when object such as user is retained on the rope of calibrating installation, and instead, will need the pro-active intervention on part operation person or user.

In embodiments of the invention, signal can be communicated to operator or user with the successful calibration of device described in signal designation.

Signal can be such as earcon.Selectively or additionally, signal can comprise visible signal or haptic signal.Visible signal can be such as light.Haptic signal can be the vibration applied by rope.

In embodiments of the invention, when for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be subject in auxiliary ascending fashion second, load induction tool preferably can operate to detect the load variations in starting power applicator.

When for provide rise auxiliary equipment second by auxiliary ascending fashion in and the load variations of load induction tool detection in starting power applicator time, controlling organization can operate the operation of starting power generator to be switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially acts in starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and wherein drag applying instrument stops, by means of starting power generator, drag is put on starting power applicator.

In exemplary embodiment, therefore, when for providing the change of the auxiliary equipment load in second by auxiliary ascending fashion and on load induction tool detection rope that rises, controlling organization can operate will switch to the 3rd with the operation of power-actuated cable winding drum not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein cable winding drum runs to prevent relaxing between the object using described device and cable winding drum in rope, and wherein drag applying instrument stops, by means of cable winding drum, drag is put on rope.

Of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be climb in the embodiment of auxiliary equipment, the change of load can be due to user's pickup and/or abandon instrument and/or equipment.Selectively or additionally, the change of load can be due to the change for providing the user climbing auxiliary equipment.If device be in second by auxiliary climb pattern time the load that detected by load induction tool change, then climb auxiliary equipment climb stopping providing to user by auxiliary rising for providing.

Selectively or additionally, if controlling organization detects in the given time rope does not have activity, then climb auxiliary equipment provide stopping by auxiliary rising to user by auxiliary climbing in pattern second for providing.In such embodiments, " there is no activity " and mean user not moving forward or backward, up or down.In embodiments, predetermined time can be such as 2 to 3 seconds.

Selectively, when for provide rise auxiliary equipment second by auxiliary ascending fashion in and load induction tool detect in starting power applicator equal in fact the load of the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode time, controlling organization can operate and fall or drop mode the operation of starting power generator to be switched to the 4th, and wherein starting power generator is stopped and drag applies instrument stops by means of starting power generator drag being put on starting power applicator and user remains on original position by starting power applicator.

In particular embodiments, equipment climbs auxiliary equipment for providing.When for provide climb auxiliary equipment second by auxiliary to climb in pattern and load induction tool detect on rope equal in fact the load of the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode time, controlling organization can operate and fall or drop mode the operation of cable winding drum to be switched to the 4th, and wherein cable winding drum is stopped and drag applies instrument stops by means of cable winding drum drag being put on rope and user passes through rope suspensions.

As other alternative form, when for provide rise auxiliary equipment second by auxiliary ascending fashion in and load induction tool detect in starting power applicator equal in fact the load of the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode time, drag applies instrument and can operate reduce the auxiliary of applying and be therefore reduced to drag close to 0%.To understand, the drag close to 0kg means to need to upgrade the weight of power applicator and the drag overcoming any friction in system.

By this way, all the time protection style as user do not fallen or other non-spontaneous decline impact.

When being removed so that the rising of drag form is auxiliary, namely second by when assisting ascending fashion by deactivation, and user must repeat the first calibration mode with reactivation second by auxiliary ascending fashion.

Selectively, user can not auxiliarily be proceeded.More specifically, controlling organization can operate starting power generator to be switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially can operate to act on starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and drag applying instrument provides drag by means of starting power generator to starting power applicator.That is, drag applies tool being operable to apply to upgrade the weight of power applicator and to overcome the drag of any friction in system.

Significantly, the 3rd not by assisting the drag applied in ascending fashion will be 0kg, and drag applying instrument be inactive in the 3rd pattern, unless the first calibration mode is initialized by user.

In addition, at any time, user can select with the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion operational outfit.By this way, oneself can be associated with starting power applicator by user, such as, be clamped on the rope of equipment, and can move backward and forward and/or up and down in floor level or at the horizontal level of any centre without restriction.If then user selects to raise from its position, so equipment will not run by auxiliary ascending fashion with the 3rd, be provided in anti-falling protection when it raises thus.Equipment will only initialize by auxiliary ascending fashion when user successfully completes the first calibration mode.

When for provide rise auxiliary equipment the 3rd by auxiliary ascending fashion in and load induction tool detect in starting power applicator equal in fact the load of the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode time, controlling organization can operate and fall or drop mode the operation of starting power generator to be switched to the 4th, and wherein starting power generator is stopped and drag applies instrument drag is not put on starting power applicator by means of starting power generator and user is remained on original position by starting power applicator.

By this way, the impact that user is not fallen or other non-spontaneous decline is protected all the time.

After whereabouts, equipment can switch to the first calibration mode after preselected period of time.This is due to whereabouts analog calibration step.User can deactivation calibration mode and drop to floor or other in the middle of horizontal level.

The deactivation of calibration mode can pass through such as Long-distance Control.

Selectively, after whereabouts, controlling organization can operate that the operation of starting power generator is switched to the 5th pattern, wherein reverses the operation of starting power generator and user can drop to safe position.

In multiple embodiments after falling, the 5th pattern initializes after a predetermined time period.More specifically, predetermined period can between 1 to 10 second.

At any time, the first calibration mode can be initialized by being placed on load induction installation by load by user.This can be back on rope by such as sitting in floor level (or horizontal level of any centre) and its pin be lifted away from floor and carry out by user.Selectively, user such as can raise a few step from its position before falling to being back on rope.

Stopping or the time-out of user's motion is detected for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be configured to.Controlling organization can operate the operation of starting power generator to be switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion when detecting the time-out of user's motion or stopping; wherein starting power generator initially acts on starting power applicator; until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and wherein drag applying instrument stops, by means of starting power generator, drag is put on starting power applicator.

When being removed so that the rising of drag form is auxiliary, user must repeat the first calibration mode with reactivation second by auxiliary ascending fashion.Selectively, user can not proceed by assisting in ascending fashion other, wherein controlling organization can operate starting power generator to be switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially acts on starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator.Significantly, the 3rd by auxiliary ascending fashion in the drag that applies will be 0kg and auxiliary " a " that apply will be 0%.

Selectively, drag applies instrument is inactive in four-mode.

According to the third aspect, the present invention is also provided for providing the auxiliary system that rises, and comprising:

Starting power generator;

Starting power applicator, it is operationally connected in starting power generator; And the object that starting power is applied thereto by starting power applicator in the use of described system; And controlling organization, it comprises load induction tool, Electronic Control and diagnostic system and drag applies instrument;

Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein starting power generator is stopped, and additionally, wherein load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load that puts on starting power applicator and described drag applies tool being operable is multiplied by equal dl according to equation hf the amount that a measures the drag being put on starting power applicator by starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary; Controlling organization can operate the operation of starting power generator to be switched to second by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially acts on starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and described drag applies tool being operable the drag of mensuration is put on starting power applicator by means of starting power generator, drag provides to rise to object and assists; Second by assisting in the operation of ascending fashion, load induction tool is formed and arranges the weight of the object detected in starting power applicator, and the operation of starting power generator is switched to the 4th and to fall or drop mode, wherein starting power generator are stopped and object remains on original position by starting power applicator, and Electronic Control and diagnostic system are formed and arrange the operation of monitoring starting power generator and controlling organization, and when detecting fault, the operation of starting power generator is switched to the 5th fault mode.

In particularly preferred embodiments, object comprises user, includes but not limited to people and/or animal.Selectively or additionally, object can comprise equipment, instrument or any other lifeless object.

In the embodiment of the third aspect, starting power generator can comprise with power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley, counter weight device and/or one or more with in power-actuated lifting device.Can be such as scissor lift machine mechanism with power-actuated lifting device.Therefore, starting power generator can operate to produce can move other device and/or the power of object.

In the embodiment of the third aspect, starting power applicator can comprise rope.Easy understand, term rope comprises the line being suitable for any type supporting load.Such as, rope can be natural or the rope of synthetic fibers, ribbon bar, steel wire or rope, cable or analog.In such embodiments, object preferably can attach to rope.Therefore, starting power applicator is connected in starting power generator, thus generates starting power from it, and then starting power can put on object by applicator.

Be with power-actuated cable winding drum and starting power applicator is in the embodiment of rope at starting power generator, rope is preferably attached to cable winding drum and attaches to object in the use of described system.

In particular embodiments, system climbs auxiliary system for providing.More specifically, climb auxiliary system comprise for providing:

Use power-actuated cable winding drum;

Rope, it attaches to cable winding drum and attach to user in the use of described device;

And controlling organization, it comprises load induction tool, Electronic Control and diagnostic system and drag applies instrument;

Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls to use power-actuated cable winding drum with the first calibration mode, wherein be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, and additionally, wherein load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load putting on rope, and described drag applies tool being operable and is multiplied by equal dl according to equation hf the amount that a measures the drag being put on rope by cable winding drum, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary; Controlling organization can operate the operation of cable winding drum to be switched to second to climb pattern by auxiliary, wherein cable winding drum runs to prevent from using relaxing between the described user of described device and described cable winding drum in rope, and described drag applies tool being operable the drag of described mensuration is put on rope by means of cable winding drum, described drag to user provide climb auxiliary; Climb in the operation of pattern second by auxiliary, load induction tool is formed and arranges the weight of the described user detected on rope, and the operation of cable winding drum is switched to the 4th fall or drop mode, wherein cable winding drum be stopped and described user by rope suspensions, and Electronic Control and diagnostic system are formed and arrange the operation of monitoring with power-actuated cable winding drum and controlling organization, and when detecting fault, the operation of cable winding drum are switched to the 5th fault mode.

In certain embodiments, when load induction detects the weight of the described object in starting power applicator, it does not initialize the 4th and falls or drop mode, but load induction tool can be formed and arrange the load equaling in fact the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode that detects in starting power applicator, and the operation of starting power generator is switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein starting power generator initially acts in starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, and wherein drag applies instrument stopping, by means of starting power generator, drag is put on starting power applicator.

In multiple embodiment, by this way, user is maintained at as the 3rd by the tensioning rope preventing from auxiliary ascending fashion falling, starting power generator runs to prevent relaxing between the object using described device and starting power generator in rope, and wherein drag applying instrument stops, by means of starting power generator, drag is put on starting power applicator.

Selectively, when load induction detects the weight of object in starting power applicator, do not initialize the 4th to fall or drop mode, but load induction tool can be formed and arrange the load equaling in fact the load detected by load induction tool in the first calibration mode that detects in starting power applicator, and act on drag and apply instrument, then described drag applies tool being operable to be reduced to close to 0% to starting power applicator by auxiliary " a " that apply, effectively the drag of applying is reduced to 0kg thus and is retained in second by auxiliary ascending fashion simultaneously.

After the detection of fault and the initialization of the 5th fault mode, the replacement of system can be required to carry out other operation.

According to fourth aspect, the invention provides the method for the auxiliary user risen when working aloft, the method comprises the following steps:

Rope is provided;

Detection puts on the load of rope at first direction;

The subsidiary level of the applying that selection will provide to user;

Equal dl according to equation hf and be multiplied by a mensuration drag, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load (load detected by load induction tool) detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary;

Drag is applied, to offset the load putting on rope in a first direction in second direction.

The method can further comprising the steps of in one or more: to the user's signal designation drag on rope after measured; Measure as the drag of the percentage of the load detected on rope step and apply to provide preselected time delay between step that drag puts on the load of rope with counteracting; In response to change removing drag rope detecting load.

Multiple embodiment of the present invention hereafter will be described.The feature of the embodiment of present description can be the feature of of the present invention first, second, third and/or fourth aspect.Although incite somebody to action easy understand upon reading this disclosure, embodiment is applicable to any rising and/or the decline of object such as user/people, and multiple embodiment is specifically about climbing auxiliary description.

Preferably, starting power generator can manually, automatically or provide power by any other suitable device.

In multiple embodiment, preferably, starting power generator provides power by electric notor or analog.Selectively, starting power generator manually or by other automatic drive units can provide power.

In particular embodiments, starting power generator is the cable winding drum that raising electric notor or analog provide power.

Selectively, cable winding drum manually or by other automatic driving devices can provide power.

In embodiments of the invention, be not subject in auxiliary ascending fashion second by auxiliary ascending fashion and/or the 3rd, controlling organization guides starting power generator to act on starting power applicator, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator.

Special in the embodiment of third aspect present invention, controlling organization can work initially to guide starting power generator to act in starting power applicator by Electronic Control and diagnostic system, until the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator.

The 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, when the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, starting power generator is directed to stop.Second by auxiliary ascending fashion, when the load detected by load induction tool equals in fact the weight of starting power applicator, starting power generator is initially guided to stop, but drag applies instrument continues through starting power generator drag is put on starting power applicator.

More specifically, in embodiments of the invention, be not subject in auxiliary ascending fashion second by auxiliary ascending fashion and/or the 3rd, controlling organization prevents relaxing in rope in order to guide cable winding drum to be wound around rope during by being detected when relaxing.

Special in the embodiment of third aspect present invention, controlling organization can prevent relaxing in rope in order to guide cable winding drum to be wound around rope by Electronic Control and diagnostic system during by being detected when relaxing.In certain embodiments, Electronic Control and diagnostic system can be configured to detect on relaxing in when rope attempt the user manually launching rope direction when not putting on the load of rope and to be created.In such embodiments, rope can be worked as system looks and is expanded to predetermined point to time lax by user.

In multiple embodiment, Electronic Control and diagnostic system can be configured to prevent cable winding drum from hauling when being detected lower than the load of threshold value in the given time.Therefore, if be measured to lower than the load of certain threshold values, so system will only be hauled within short-term, prevents rope from being promoted away from user when user forgets and after usage rope is clamped to object.This smoothness can also tightened up by rope is detected.If system detect over a period to come do not represent that someone climbs evenly tighten up load, climb and so stop after the scheduled time because the rope of cable winding drum tightens up.

The 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, when lax removing, cable winding drum is directed to stop.Second by auxiliary ascending fashion, when lax removing, cable winding drum is directed to stop, but drag applying instrument continues through cable winding drum that drag is put on rope.

When light tension force puts on rope, such as, when user declines in a controlled manner, cable winding drum can be directed to release rope.In the whereabouts that the weight of user puts on rope or drop mode, cable winding drum is directed to stop.Then the rope in order to user being reduced to ground launches to initialize in many modes as discussed below.In fault mode, cable winding drum be stopped and alarm by signal designation.

In fault mode, equipment of the present invention and system will stop cable winding drum, until fault clearance or super relaxation.

" limping pattern (limp home mode) " will be called, wherein nonfatal error such as sensor can not unanimously, power loss and UPS be detected when to open etc.This limping pattern is stopped using Premium Features all (climb auxiliary etc.) and is sent all alarms with sound, informs that user returns safe height and check system.

When it is present, Electronic Control and diagnostic system obtain input from the controlling organization remainder comprising sensor.

In multiple embodiment, in response to the input from controlling organization remainder, the power that electronics and diagnostic system control cable winding drum provides.Typically, cable winding drum provides power by three-phase electricity motor and Electronic Control and diagnostic system control inverter, inverter and then control motor and the therefore speed of cable winding drum and direction.Meanwhile, Electronic Control and diagnostic system carry out diagnostic function.Diagnostic function can run in many levels.From control system, comprise sensor, such as micro switch or potentiometric output can be compared to each other as described below, and any difference initializes fault mode.Similarly, the signal being input to inverter can compare to initialize fault mode with output signal.Other sensor also can adopt and for inputting diagnostic system, such as, detect the motion of cable winding drum independently, or other " unnecessary " sensor may be used for the object for crosscheck in controlling organization.Diagnostic function is provided in climbs added security basic in the operation of auxiliary equipment for providing.Although the risk of control system fault may be little, the possibility of result is serious, causes user's major injuries or even dead potentially.Such as, if cable winding drum releases rope uncontrollably due to fault, so user may not stay risk altitude by protectorate.Think and do not have the present invention of suitable self-diagnosable system to climb auxiliary equipment can not give managerial approval for providing, such as, to the CE approval used.

Preferably, Electronic Control and diagnostic system are programmable.

Preferably, the inverter for the speed and direction that control cable winding drum is also programmable.Electronic programmable control system and inverter allow the functional of wide region to be embedded in control system, and the operation in the speed of cable winding drum and direction controls can be almost unlimited.This allows of the present invention for providing the operation of rise auxiliary equipment and system to be changed to be applicable to service condition required as discussed below and type by reprograming Electronic Control and diagnostic system simply.

Reader's easy understand, term rope comprises the line of any type be suitable in whereabouts situation lower support user weight.Such as, rope can be natural or the rope of synthetic fibers, ribbon bar or steel wire or steel ropes.Advantageously, calibrating installation of the present invention, for providing the auxiliary equipment and for providing the auxiliary system that rises each and all jointly to use with the rope of climbing of routine of rising, make provided climb experience closely simulate climb together with the companion using this rope climb experience.

Controlling organization can be fabricated or be programmed for and make, by assisting and not being subject to assist in ascending fashion, to be wound around rope, and will also to launch to release rope when being subject to the light tension force being namely less than user's weight when cable winding drum has lax in rope.This being arranged in such as discharges rope or guiding and climbs run duration and kept straining suitably by rope all the time, allows user to obtain more ropes when needed to handle simultaneously.Climb but, in order to increase security, particularly when inexperienced user uses, the operation of preferably cable winding drum may be subject to more constraint.Such as in top tether is climbed, by auxiliary and by auxiliary ascending fashion can only in order to the winding rope when line relaxation and then in lax tensioning time stop simply, namely when not launching by light tension force by rope during light tension force.The method of this operation prevents user from a certain amount of free rope of cable winding drum pull-out.This is not adequately protected causing user when falling.

Because security reason, run in the embodiment of cable winding drum at wherein controlling organization of the present invention with the different modes climbed in order to such as top tether or guiding, preferably also safety device is provided with for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, such as lock and spoon or electronic password lock, it prevents from operating the method for climbing (top tether or guiding) of attempting in inappropriate mode.

When the length of rope to pull and when climbing position and not keeping climbing tension from cable winding drum, rope must for using next time in wraparound to cable winding drum.Under these circumstances, have been found that rope may loosely be coiling on cylinder, unless some tension force puts on rope when rope is wound around.This lax pitch of the laps may be grabbed for provide in the mechanism of rising auxiliary equipment and to damage its correct and operation of safety.Therefore, of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises that mill roll mechanism (nip roller mechanism) can be selectively housed, it is formed and arranges to apply tension force around to the rope on cable winding drum with between cable winding drum.Mill roll mechanism only runs when selecting special expansion pattern, to avoid and to depend on that the controlling organization of rope tension normally runs interfere.Roll arrangement also help in the mode of regular layering rope to be guided or " follow the tracks of (tail) " on cable winding drum.

As required, if such as there is the rope of very length, particularly thin cord such as steel wire rope and of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises jointly to use, so self-tracking mechanism can be assembled to provide and control the improvement of rope to cable winding drum higher slice.Autotracking device is known in for the cable of length or the winding running of rope.Such as, autotracking device can comprise the guider of tensioning rope, and when rope is wound, guider seesaws through the width of cable winding drum, to guide placement or the coiling of rope when rope is on cable winding drum.

Of the present invention for providing the operation of the auxiliary equipment that rises to guarantee that line is kept tension.In top tether is climbed, controlling organization starts the motor of cable winding drum with at line relaxation, is namely wound around rope during not tensioning.This effectively simulate wherein user with keep rope stretch with guarantee when falling user do not controlled by device before the situation of the free-falling companion of large distance arbitrarily.When falling, controlling organization of the present invention switches to whereabouts pattern and runs with the operation stopping cable winding drum.

If cable winding drum is directly driven by the motor of gear-box effect, so depend on the electric notor and gear-box ratio that use in power train, the user fallen will hang from rope its setting point contiguous, or its weight will be enough to rotate cable winding drum, gear-box and motor, little by little user be reduced towards ground.Preferably, power train user remained in the position in its setting point contiguous is selected.Then, the user fallen can continue to climb simply, it is attached to again and climbs surface to continue to climb, or it can activate decreasing sequence by remote control as described below, is reduced to ground to use the cable winding drum run under power.Can easily understand, rope should user along climb surface upwards climb or static stand on or be fixed on and climb on the surface time do not launch from cable winding drum.This by cause wherein line relaxation and user by when falling not by situation about protecting suitably.Therefore, during normal use, controlling organization only allows to decline during line tensioning in the weight of user.

Advantageously, controlling organization of the present invention also comprises timer structure, timer structure adjustable period past tense by the weight of user by automatic activation decreasing sequence during rope tension, so that user is reduced to ground safely.

After setting period, use this automatic decline of the user of its weight tensioning rope particularly useful when children or beginner's study climb.Its need not operating remote control with to expend some times attempt to climb time decline.Because the speed declined is slow and controlled, if wished, oneself can be attached to and climbs surface and do not damage security by again.Decreasing sequence stops, and the weight of user no longer tensioning rope and controlling organization immediately, then normally runs to keep rope stretch.If desired, period can be set to zero, makes to decline to occur when the weight tensioning rope of user.

Preferably, of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to comprise remote control, remote control be used for its first, second or the 3rd pattern in initialize operation for providing rising auxiliary controls equipment, and signal designation controlling organization declines to launch rope in its four-mode.Preferably, remote control is Wireless remote control.If necessary, such as, when emergency, can be that wireless or wired dual (duplicate) Long-distance Control also can be provided to allow auxiliary's operating system.Long-distance Control is carried easily by user, attaches to its equipment or clothes.This is avoided the needs in any stage of rising to companion or auxiliary.Long-distance Control can be programmed to allow user to stop between decrement phase.This facility allows user oneself to be again attached on wall at the point selected to restart to rise.It is also useful under the industrial situations needing the location of Accurate Points structurally.

To recognize, in some cases, such as artificial climb the maintenance on surface during, if cable winding drum can be operated be engaged in the people of maintenance work to be used as lifting device lifting, so it will be useful.In these cases, drag may be greater than 100%.For such situation; normal " error protection " operation of cable winding drum may by super relaxation; such as by inputting password or cipher code to remote control; this password or cipher code allow the selectable Lifting scheme of access control mechanism, and selectable Lifting scheme allows by of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be wound around under load (tensioning).Use the equipment for providing rising auxiliary of the present invention can also be useful under many industrial situations as lifting device.By suitable with power-actuated cable winding drum (there is enough torques), of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to may be used for promoting dead weight, such as construction material, another device is used to the user that support will use material simultaneously.Similarly, if necessary, user can the device of the application of the invention directly promote in place.In order to security reason, when user is promoted, preferably use two ropes.Preferably, if adopt two ropes, be so wound around sections for providing the cable winding drum of the auxiliary equipment that rises to be divided into two.Then each winding sections can be loaded by the rope be separated.In this way, two ropes are by the individual equipment co-operate for providing rising auxiliary.Selectively, two equipment of the present invention can use, each have be connected to by the rope of user promoted.If use two equipment, so it can be positioned at the every nook and cranny place in the face of building.This has benefit, namely allows " user " to be promoted to any position of height through the face of building and width by the amount of the rope on to control to be wrapped in two isolated cable winding drums each.In order to prevent using and promote over long distances people's (and entering dangerous situation potentially) by mistake, the crane functions putting on people is restrained, and it will only broken out or (typically 1 second) lifting in pulse.Then it may be used for correcting someone when emergency, but is inconvenient for the use in any distance.

Climb in the use of facility in business, tele-control system can also be provided with timer structure, and it allows to use for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to buy on the basis of " passing through the time ".Selectively or additionally, controlling organization itself can be provided with timer structure, it allows to use for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to buy on the basis of " passing through the time ".

Although make rope sagging when being used for top tether and climbing for the top providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be positioned to climb, it can be placed on the ground or more easily at intermediate altitude place.Then, cable winding drum is climbed by upwards running along rope and being used to top tether through being positioned at the pulley of climbing top place.Cable winding drum being positioned at the bottom of climbing allows easily close in order to safeguard, and allows of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to climb for guiding.In some cases, if such as providing the auxiliary equipment that rises for just providing security the user of building operate outside, so for provide the auxiliary equipment that rises can be installed as along track or runway movable.This layout can also be used in physical culture and climb in facility, climbs in facility and rises auxiliary equipment when climbing for top tether for providing, can be positioned at along on the track of top extension climbing wall or structure in physical culture.

For the place providing the auxiliary equipment that rises undesirably can move to selection.

It is allowed easily to move, such as, on the wheel orbited, along predetermined route, such as, along the top of building by for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to be arranged on track or runway.This allows any part entering building surface when using the equipment for providing rising to assist.As required, device can Long-distance Control along moving of track.If need user to move along the projected route may with change in elevation, so for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises can be programmed be wound around by rope along orbital motion or launch with the route met.For other application, the maintenance of such as tree repair, wind turbine or analog or work high above the ground, of the present invention for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises can be arranged on truck for movement or other vehicles easily.

When climbing for guiding, rope keeps tension, only launches when user climbs and some tension force puts on rope.If user will fall, so cable winding drum is switched to whereabouts or drop mode by controlling organization, then user will be hung from the highest fixture used by rope immediately, then can drop to ground in the mode similar to the mode that top tether is climbed with predetermined (safety) speed.In guiding is climbed, particularly importantly, in rope, the control of tension force and the operation that moves into and lay out of reel are carefully controlled.Climb different from top tether, controlling organization must allow user to pull out some rope from cable winding drum, to allow to promote a part of rope when user climbs to attach to next anchor point (such as temporary transient or permanent collar bolt or buckle group (quick draw) soon).The process of this " pull-out " certain length rope must be carried out rapidly, with the speed of the about twice of device normal running speed.But the process of pull-out rope mustn't trigger super relaxation switching mechanism, and this super relaxation switching mechanism may make rope launch further or stop the operation of cable winding drum.Similarly, when rope has been clamped in next anchor point, device must in order to any excessive rope of wraparound to be back to the tension rope strand state of expectation.Test demonstrates, in order to when guiding is climbed, the security of optimum is realized by above-described electronic control system with the precise hard_drawn tuhes required for operation.

Controlling organization can comprise: pivot, it is formed and arranges and makes rising in the use of auxiliary described equipment for providing, described with power-actuated cable winding drum at described rope not by be still in during tension force in primary importance and to move to the second place by during tension force around described pivot at described rope; At least one switch, it provides for the power controlling described cable winding drum, is rising in the use of auxiliary equipment, the described switch being operable when moving between described primary importance and the described second place with power-actuated cable winding drum for providing; And super relaxation switching mechanism, described super relaxation switching mechanism is formed and is arranged so that rising in the use of auxiliary described equipment for providing, time under described rope is by the tension force being equal to or greater than the user's weight attaching to described rope in fact, described super relaxation switching mechanism activated, and cable winding drum can be allowed to launch rope.

Preferably, pivot rotates around horizontal axis and uses power-actuated cable winding drum.Desirably, pivot orientates the equalization point that closes on cable winding drum and its motor be associated as but not at described equalization point place.Then, cable winding drum is still in from horizontal tilt, usually makes one end be still in base portion supports (or ground).When tension force puts on rope, cable winding drum tilts to the second place from primary importance, and motion is under gravity back to primary importance, now line relaxation.

To recognize, it is contemplated that other embodiments of controlling organization of the present invention.Such as, if cable winding drum is rotated around vertical axis by pivot during tension force at rope.Under these circumstances, when rope is no longer by tension force, cable winding drum is back to its primary importance by the effect of resilience displacement member such as spring.

The one or more switches run for controlling cable winding drum can be the micro switch being positioned at contact point place between the end of cable winding drum and base support or ground.When cable winding drum tilts, run when micro switch is under the pressure of the cable winding drum from kiss the earth or support member.Selectable switch, such as tilt switch, it is contemplated that for using in controlling organization.

Top tether is climbed, switch run in order to rope not by tension force and cable winding drum in primary importance time be involved in rope.When rope by tension force and cable winding drum moves to the second place time, one or more switch runs to stop cable winding drum.In order to rope runs smoothly and is involved in and the stopping almost instant when user suspends with continuous print when user climbs, can expect that the amount that cable winding drum encloses pivoted motion is little.Typically, motion may be as few as 5mm.

Climb for guiding, switching manipulation controls different actions.Rope, when launching by during light tension force, stops when relaxed, maybe stops when being subject to the tension force being equal to or greater than in fact user's weight.Super relaxation switching mechanism, when the weight of user is on rope, namely when for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises to switch to whereabouts or drop mode, is operated.In this case, therefore can expect or need user to decline earthward.As mentioned above, such as when be timed device mechanism allow time or when the remote control order of being carried by user time, super relaxation switching mechanism to can allow decline generation Electronic Control and diagnostic system input.

Super relaxation switching mechanism can comprise offset assembly, and it prevents switch such as micro switch from being operated, until rope stands the weight of at least user and cable winding drum moves from its deviation post with console switch by tension force.Such as, offset assembly can comprise Compress Spring or counterweight.

Selectively, it is contemplated that the mechanism for super relaxation switch, such as, discharge cable winding drum and can be initialised after electronics load cell or strain gauge measure the load putting on cable winding drum and tether assemblies to launch rope.If adopt electric notor to provide power to cable winding drum, so can use the electronic monitoring of load on electric notor.

Preferably, controlling organization also comprises remote control, its provide for the power starting cable winding drum and for such as described above in order to safeguard time, with the normal operation of super relaxation controlling organization.

Preferably, controlling organization comprises: lever, it in use can be operated by described rope, and offset assembly, described lever and described offset assembly are formed and are arranged so that rising in the use of auxiliary described equipment for providing, described lever at rope not by be remained in primary importance by offset assembly during tension force and move to the second place at described rope by during tension force; At least one switch, it provides for the power controlling cable winding drum, and described switch is operated when lever moves between described primary importance and the described second place; And super relaxation switching mechanism, described super relaxation switching mechanism is activated by when to be equal to or greater than in fact the tension force of the user's weight attaching to described rope when described rope, and in the use of described device, allows described cable winding drum to launch until tension force reduces.

Can be such as by the micro switch run during lever contact when lever motion by the one or more switches operated.As the alternative form used micro switch, potentiometer can be used.Potentiometer can be arranged on be wound around cylinder bearing on and to the motor reaction of lever to provide the continuous feedback about lever positions and/or motion to programmable electronic control system.This layout provides the minimizing moving parts of quantity and the sensitivity of increase to the motion of lever arm.

Offset assembly can be such as one or more weight, and it is in order to remain on lever in described primary importance.Advantageously, the sensitivity of controlling organization can be adjusted to different states by the quantity of change erection weight or size.Have been found that, of the present invention for during providing the auxiliary testing of equipment that rises to what wherein adopt leverage, different climb optimum weight required for state may significantly different (from 1kg to 9kg together with used equipment), depend on especially at rope by climbing surface and by being applied to the friction on rope during intermediate anchor point.Advantageously, as the alternative form of counterweight amount, offset assembly can comprise the electric operate actuator tensioning displacement member of such as spring, and it is in order to put on lever by variable load.Such mechanism has advantage, and namely it can be easily adjusted optimal load to be put on lever for given situation.When user prepares to climb wall or barrier, can operation controller, such as, by rotating rotating disk, be applied to load on lever to increase through actuator and displacement member gradually.When rope is about to begin through the operation of cable winding drum and moves upward, the load on lever is configured to compensate the friction putting on rope.If electric actuator and displacement member are used for providing variable load (resistance) to lever, the action using potentiometer determination lever so is described above particularly preferred.Electronic Control and diagnostic system may be used for controlling actuator to transmit cumulative resistance by displacement member to lever.

As wherein motor is directly by the alternative form of the layout of gear-box driving cable winding drum, clutch mechanism can insert in driving-chain.Such as, only when clutch mechanism such as electromagnetic clutch is activated to clamp driven axle, motor can drive by gear-box the axle attaching to cable winding drum consistently.Such layout can such as use the controlling organization comprising lever and offset assembly described above to carry out the operation of solenoidoperated cluthes.

Such layout may be used for during top tether climbs or guide and climb.

In top tether is climbed, when rope is not by tension force, clutch is activated by controlling organization and cable winding drum is actuated to move into rope.When rope is by tension force, clutch is disengaged from driven axle, and cable winding drum is stopped.

In guiding is climbed, when rope is by tension force (being not enough to operate super relaxation switching mechanism), clutch engages driven axle to release rope.When rope is not by tension force, clutch is disengaged from driven axle and stops being wound around.

Because cable winding drum does not directly attach to gear-box and electric notor in this case, so it does not rotate and releases rope rapidly with not carrying the baby when the weight tensioning rope of user.Therefore, in order to prevent uncontrolled decline, when the super relaxation switch of controlling organization runs, due to the weight of user on rope, clutch is required repeatedly to engage rapidly with driven axle and be disengaged.This has the effect gradually user being dropped to ground, because cable winding drum is not only by the weight moment of user but also by the interval engagement brake by clutch and driven axle.

This layout has special benefit.It allows the operation from the more than one cable winding drum of single-motor.Motor drives consistently and can attach to the axle of multiple cable winding drum, the axle that the head clearance such as climbing wall along the indoor of climbing for top tether is opened in compartment of terrain.As required, each cable winding drum is by being closed by the clutch of such as above-described controlling organization control and driven being coupling.This allows multiple user to climb, and does not need to provide independent motor for each.In addition, decline is automatic when the weight tensioning rope of user, does not need the order from remote control.

To be apparent that, of the present invention first, second, third or fourth aspect feature can of the present invention in any other in exist.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Other preferred feature and advantage of the present invention become obvious by from following in the detailed description of some embodiment with reference to accompanying drawing illustration, in the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 show arrange for top tether climb of the present invention for providing the simple embodiment of climbing auxiliary system;

Fig. 2 a-b schematically illustrates at top tether and guides the present invention in climbing for providing the purposes of climbing auxiliary system;

Fig. 3 show have selectable controlling organization according to the present invention for providing another embodiment of climbing auxiliary equipment;

Fig. 4 shows of the present invention for providing the embodiment of climbing auxiliary system, and wherein three cable winding drums are driven by clutch mechanism single-motor thereon by it;

Fig. 5 shows for providing other selectable embodiments of climbing auxiliary system;

Fig. 6 show be equipped with mill roll mechanism for providing other embodiments of climbing auxiliary system;

Fig. 7 (a, b) schematically illustrate of the present invention for providing the purposes for providing the face close to building of climbing auxiliary system; And

Fig. 8 represents according to embodiment of the present invention for providing the operational flowchart climbing auxiliary system.

In the accompanying drawings, similar feature is represented by identical reference number in this article from start to finish.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 shows of the present invention for providing the embodiment of climbing auxiliary system.Climb auxiliary equipment 1 comprise electric notor 2 for providing, electric notor 2 drives the central shaft 4 of cable winding drum 6 by gear-box 8.Cable winding drum 6 have be attached climb rope 9 (in FIG in order to clear, only several circles of rope 9 are illustrated).

Cable winding drum, electric notor and gear-box are mounted over the mount 10, and support 10 has substrate 12.Substrate 12 is arranged in horizontal pivot 14.Pivot 14 is positioned as the equalization point 16 of apparatus adjacent and not at equalization point 16 place, when making to there is not the load by climbing rope 9 applying, support 10 tilts to be still on support member 18 under gravity.When rope 9 is by tension force, support 10 tilts to be still on the second support member 19.

In an illustrated embodiment, climb auxiliary equipment 1 and will be placed on the top place of structure and be used to top tether for providing and climb, make to climb the groove 20 that rope 9 is passed down through in substrate 12 and feed.

Control cabinet 21 comprises Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 and inverter 23, and inverter 23 controls the operation of electric notor 2.Control cabinet 21 also comprises load sensor 200 and drag applicator 300.For provide climb auxiliary system use in, when rope 9 is not by tension force (namely relaxing), support is still in support member 18 and is positioned in the micro switch 24 on substrate 12, is run between substrate 12 and support member 18 by its contact.Micro switch 24 signal designation Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22, this makes inverter 23 provide power to run to electric notor 2, makes cable winding drum 6 move into rope 9.When rope 9 becomes by tension force, namely lax when all being tightened up, climb auxiliary equipment 1 tilt around pivot 14, until it is still on the second support member 19 for providing.Second micro switch 28 is run by the contact of substrate 12 and the second support member 19, and when user is in the pattern of climbing of not assisted by auxiliary climbing in pattern, signal designation Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 are to stop motor 2.

In an alternative embodiment, micro switch 28 can also be replaced by load/pressure sensor that rope extends past, or in other alternative form, whole equipment is the cylinder of the axle with the center of extending through, and it has torque sensor associated with it.

If user wishes to utilize climb pattern by auxiliary, so first calibration mode must be performed.User carrys out calibration system by its gross weight being placed in setting cycle rope 9 continuing 3 to 5 seconds duration.Load sensor 200 detects the weight of user, and drag applicator 300 measures the amount that will be applied to the drag on rope by cable winding drum.Load " dl " by making required auxiliary " a " (percentage as load detecting) applied be multiplied by detect is derived by the amount of the drag (hf) applied.Before activation system, user can the level of auxiliary " a " that applies of pre-programmed.

Typically, the auxiliary of applying will between 10% to 70%.After calibration mode, rise along with user starts it, rope 9 is moved into by cable winding drum 6, and micro switch 28 is run by the contact of substrate 12 and the second support member.Rope 9 should be put on by cable winding drum 6 to drag applicator 300 signal designation drag.

Super relaxation switching mechanism 30 is also positioned on the second support member 19, and super relaxation switching mechanism 30 comprises Compress Spring and the 3rd micro switch.

When the tension force in rope 9 is released (along with user climbs get Geng Gao), so climb auxiliary equipment pivot under the influence of gravity for providing, to be again still on the first support member 18, wherein the operation of the first micro switch 24 again on-stream initialization move into.Therefore, when rope 9 is by the action tensioning of user and release, device around the inclination of pivot 14 for controlling the operation of cable winding drum 6, to keep rope 9 to be strained suitably climbing period.

Be subject to auxiliary or do not climbing in pattern by auxiliary, when falling, rope 9 is by the whole weight tensioning of user, and so device 1 tilts around pivot 14, to be still on the second support member 19 of operation second micro switch 28, and so motor 2 stops (not being enhanced power).By comparing the original load detected between the load of induction and alignment epoch, load sensor 200 determines that the gross weight of user is all on rope 9.Select the ratio of gear-box 8 middle gear, thus by during rope suspensions, user is held in place user.Tensioning Compress Spring in the rope 9 caused by the weight of user, to allow the operation of the 3rd micro switch of super relaxation switching mechanism 30.The operation of super relaxation switching mechanism allows decline licensed.If the user fallen wishes to decline, its radio remote controller (not shown) signal designation Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 so can be used to initialize the expansion of rope 9 by cable winding drum 6.

If calibration does not occur, so whereabouts or drop mode are by being placed in any weight activated on rope 9.

Similarly, when to complete the user climbed and wish to decline, it is decontroled simply and climbs surface to allow its weight tensioning rope 9, causes super relaxation switching mechanism 30 to run, and then uses its remote control to initialize the expansion of rope.

Fig. 2 a shows for providing the use of climbing auxiliary system and Fig. 1's climb the general view that auxiliary equipment 1 climbs for providing in top tether is climbed.For provide climb auxiliary equipment 1 be positioned at climb surface 32 top place.User 34 climbs to attach to be connected to simultaneously and climbs surface for what provide the rope 9 of climbing auxiliary equipment 1.As the description above for Fig. 1, rope 9 is by climbing auxiliary equipment and keep tension for providing by controlled moving into.User 34 carries radio remote controller 38, radio remote controller 38 be used to climb start initialize for providing the operation of climbing auxiliary equipment 1, and for user weight tensioning rope and run super relaxation switching mechanism time initialize decline (expansion of rope).

Fig. 2 b shows and climbs layout for selecting of climbing of top tether, wherein climbs auxiliary equipment 1 be positioned at the bottom place of climbing surface 32 for providing.Rope 9 upwards through and around being positioned at the pulley 40 climbing surface crown place, and then down to user 34.

Fig. 3 shows according to of the present invention for providing other embodiments of climbing auxiliary equipment, and it uses the motion of lever, instead of cable winding drum, gear-box and motor sub-assembly pivot as a whole controls the operation of cable winding drum.Cable winding drum 6 is arranged in supporting bracket 10 by bearing 44 in the either end of its driving shaft 4.In order to clear, drive the motor of cable winding drum axle 4 and gear-box not shown in the example shown, rope only end-view (Fig. 3 a) shown in, and the not shown cable winding drum of end-view.Two " L " arc 46 are installed on supporting bracket 10 by pivot 48 in the either end of cable winding drum, so all rotate to the second place (shown in broken lines in end-view Fig. 3 a) around the same axis being parallel to cable winding drum axle 4 from primary importance (illustrating with solid line among end-view Fig. 3 a) both it.

Each arm 46 has part 50 vertical substantially and less horizontal part 52, composition " L " shape.Arm 46 is by often holding the horizontally disposed roller 54 being attached at part 50 top vertical substantially of L arc 46 to be connected to each other, with formation control lever 56.Even if when rope 9 is moved into completely, vertical portion also has enough length, make the top of climbing rope 9 that roller 54 remains on cable winding drum clearly and is wound around around it.

The weight of the less horizontal part 52 of " L " arc 46 is in order to be offset to primary importance by control lever assembly 56 around pivot 48, and one in wherein vertical part 50 contacts and runs the first micro switch 58.

Climb rope 9 around cable winding drum 6 be wound around and be guided to and around control lever assembly roller 54 and then around fixing roller 60 upwards to user (not shown in detail in this figure).But fixing roller 60 to be arranged on supporting bracket 10 and to open the roller 54 horizontal axis of roller 54 horizontal positioned from control lever 56 that are parallel to and control lever 56 when it is in primary importance.The horizontal displacement of fixing roller 60 with the horizontal component (weight) by L arc cause to controls that lever 56 offsets just in the opposite direction.When climbing for top tether, climbing in pattern by auxiliary, when rope 9 is not by tension force, control lever assembly to keep being offset to primary importance, and micro switch 58 is run by signal designation Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 ground, to run electric notor and gear-box makes cable winding drum 6 move into rope 9 (take-up slack).When rope 9 becomes by tension force, the part of the rope 9 between fixing roller 60 and cable winding drum is in order to be pulled to the second place by control lever assembly, in the second position, second micro switch 62 is run by the contact of the vertical portion 50 of " L " arc 46, and causes Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 to stop motor and cable winding drum 6.

When the tension force in rope 9 discharges (when climbing higher as user), control lever 56 again moves and is back to primary importance under the bias effect of the horizontal component (weight) 52 of L arc 46, and when rope 9 is by the action tensioning of user and release, the motion of control lever 56 between the first position and the second position, for controlling the operation of cable winding drum 6, keeps rope 9 to be strained suitably to climb period at top tether.

Climb for by auxiliary, as the calibration carrying out system described by embodiment before, and drag applicator is in order to put on rope 9 by cable winding drum 6 by the drag determined when the second micro switch 62 is run.

Super relaxation switching mechanism 64 is provided as running when line is under the tension force being equal to or greater than user's weight, in the present embodiment its be measure load on cable winding drum and signal designation control cabinet 22 to engage the sensor of drop mode.When in drop mode, user remains on original position (cable winding drum stopping) and if wish to decline, and Wireless remote control can be used to carry out signal designation control cabinet and to run motor, rope is launched, user is reduced to ground.

Climb for guiding, cable winding drum 6 is reversed in response to the operation of the position controlling lever 56, and namely Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 are programmed with the signal differently in response to micro switch.When by tension force time (when lever in the second position time), namely when user climbs and rope is pulled upward, cable winding drum 6 climbs releasing line.When rope 9 is not by tension force (lever is in primary importance), cable winding drum stops.

Guide for use the present embodiment and climb, when under the tension force being equal to or greater than user's weight, super relaxation switch 64 stops cable winding drum 6.This allows user to continue to climb after whereabouts, and does not lose lay out due to rope the height caused after falling.

Fig. 4 show of the present invention for provide climb auxiliary system sentence embodiment for using in climbing at top tether for being arranged on the top of climbing surface.During normal use, the axle 4 of motor 2 drive installation consistently in suitable bearings 66.Three have the cable winding drum 6 that association climbs rope 9 and are arranged on axle 4, and eachly can be engaged respectively by the operation of electromagnetic clutch 68.Each electromagnetic clutch 68 is controlled by the lever controlling organization 56 (only illustrating in order to clear) with the general form identical with the general form of Fig. 3 embodiment respectively.Lever controlling organization 56 by signal designation Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 in response to the tension force in its each rope 9, Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 run electromagnetic clutch 68 to be engaged with driving shaft by cable winding drum 6 or to be disengaged, or when when by auxiliary climbing in pattern, engage cable winding drum 6 and by cable winding drum 6, the drag determined put on rope 9.

In use, when each rope 9 is not by tension force, each cable winding drum 6 attaches to axle 4 by its clutch 68, makes rope around on cable winding drum 6.When rope is by tension force, controls lever 56 and move and send the signal of releasing clutch 68 to Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22, stop moving into.If tension force is equal to or greater than the weight of user, so detect sensor (super relaxation switching mechanism 64) the signal designation Electronic Control of the load on cable winding drum and diagnostic system 22 to engage drop mode, in drop mode, cable winding drum 6 engages with driving shaft 4 and is disengaged by electromagnetic clutch 68 rapidly.User's weight on rope makes cable winding drum 6 launch rope 9, but the speed declined is adjusted to safe rate by the braking action when cable winding drum 6 is engaged in axle 4 by clutch 68 off and on.

Fig. 5 shows of the present invention for providing another embodiment of climbing auxiliary system, it is substantially similar in appearance to the embodiment of Fig. 3, is not weighted the device for being offset to its primary importance except controlling lever 56 and is used for the optional apparatus that detecting lever 56 moves.In the present embodiment, lever 56 is offset to primary importance by the spring 70 as displacement member run around pulley 72.The electric operate actuator 74 that the tension force applied by spring 70 controls (not shown, to see Fig. 3 b) by means of Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 is adjustable.In this case, as the alternative form to micro switch, the position of lever 56 and motion are detected by the potentiometer 76 be arranged on the bearing of cable winding drum 6, potentiometer 76 to Electronic Control and diagnostic system 22 (see Fig. 3 b) signal transmission with the operation of the operation and actuator 74 that control cable winding drum.In use, potentiometer 76 can be sensitiveer than adopting the layout of micro switch, causes the monitoring of lever arm sensitiveer.

Fig. 6 shows the embodiment similar to the embodiment of Fig. 3, it illustrates and is arranged on pivot 78 and the movable roll 76 of actuator 80 operated by means of electricity.Roll 76 can by actuator 80 around the movement in a curve represented by curve arrow A.When for provide climb auxiliary equipment 1 climb period normally use time, roll 76 is spaced apart from fixing roller 60, thus does not disturb and control the safe operation of lever 56.When the rope 9 not under the tension force attaching to user length must wraparound to cable winding drum (originally look not shown, see Fig. 3 b) upper time, climb auxiliary equipment 1 be placed in winding pattern again for providing, wherein contiguous for roll 76 fixing roller 60 is moved to be clamped by rope at an X place by actuator 80.Rope by cable winding drum time, this has effect tension force being put on rope, guarantees that the loose circle not having rope is formed on cable winding drum.

The present invention that Fig. 7 a shows the either end place being positioned at building walls 82 top climbs auxiliary two equipment 1,1a for providing.User 34 is attached to by rope 9,9a and climbs in auxiliary each equipment 1,1a for providing.By using Wireless remote control (not shown), user 34 can by for provide climb auxiliary equipment 1,1a operation and promote.Climbed by the every bar rope 9 climbing auxiliary equipment 1 for providing, 1a moves into, amount that 9a is different by instruction, user crosses through the surface of wall 82 and is promoted up or down.

Fig. 7 b top shown along building walls 82 is arranged on, and track 84 climbs auxiliary equipment 1 for providing.User 34 attaches to the climbing auxiliary equipment 1 climb for providing of the cable winding drum with segmentation by two ropes 9,9a.Second rope provides other security.In use, user can operate for provide the cable winding drum of climbing auxiliary equipment 1 with raise or decline oneself and be used in provide and climb auxiliary equipment 1 and move along track 84 by means of electric notor.Therefore, user 34 can arrive any part of wall 82 to carry out maintenance work.

Fig. 8 showing and represents calibrating installation of the present invention, climbing auxiliary equipment and for providing the flow chart of the various modes of climbing auxiliary system for providing.

Especially, 100, climb auxiliary system in idle mode for providing, prepare initialization first calibration mode or the 3rd by auxiliary any one that climb in pattern.

If user selects auxiliarily not risen, so user proceeds to 110, wherein climb auxiliary system not climb mode operation by auxiliary for providing, wherein cable winding drum runs to prevent relaxing between user and cable winding drum in rope, and formed and arrange load induction installation with detect rope user weight and the operation of cable winding drum to be switched to the 4th, whereabouts or drop mode, in this mode cable winding drum be stopped and user by rope suspensions.

If user selects to activate climb pattern by auxiliary, so user proceeds to 120, is wherein placed on rope by its all wt, calibration mode is initialised and the load of load induction installation detection on rope.If the a% of its weight is only placed on rope by user, so it will be calibrated with less load value significantly.After preselected period of time between 3 to 5 seconds, earcon to user communication using indicate calibration mode to be completed successfully and preselected drag by the percentage determined as the load being put on rope by user.If need the drag of 80% of the load putting on rope, so this drag of 80% is programmed into before step 120 and climbs in auxiliary system for providing.Afterwards, if calibration mode is successfully completed and climbs mode initialisation 130 by auxiliary, the drag so applied by drag applying instrument will equal 80% of load induction installation detection load.

140, user is rising by auxiliary climbing in pattern, and the drag simultaneously determined puts on rope by cable winding drum and rises with auxiliary user.

Then user can complete rising 150 by auxiliary climbing in pattern.

Selectively, if user fall or suspend more than 5 seconds, so for provide climb auxiliary system by removing drag and system will take the circumstances into consideration initialize whereabouts drop mode or be subject to assist climb pattern, 160.

170, then user can calibrate again and climb auxiliary system for providing and continue rising by auxiliary climbing in pattern, or selectively, 180 (in fact 180 should be shown as link is back to 110), can continue do not rising by auxiliary climbing in pattern or can not auxiliarily declined.

Climb auxiliary equipment and system provides auxiliary level to the user in rising for providing, unless Lifting scheme is initialised, otherwise this auxiliary level is less than the total load of user all the time.By this way, eliminate user to arrange system improperly and risen to risk in dangerous system by non-spontaneous.

In addition, because climb the change by means of the load of load induction installation automatic detection on rope of auxiliary equipment and system for providing, so do not need the manual intervention when exchanging user, change of load or otherwise placement or pick device thus, reduce thus or increase the load detected by load induction installation.

Because climb the change by means of the load of load induction installation automatic detection on rope of auxiliary equipment and system for providing, thus follow-up user continue to use before the Operation system setting of user there is no risk.

Because the intelligence that can be applied to the drag of rope measures, so the large drag of the drag that can apply than known system is possible, because do not have drag to be greater than the risk of load on rope.

Above-described embodiment can be made various amendment and not depart from scope of the present invention.

Especially, although the embodiment described with reference to the accompanying drawings relates to and climbs and climb auxiliary, should easily understand, the feature wherein described in detail is applicable to any rising and/or decline.

Aspect of the present invention has the application in a lot of fields, include but not limited to such as industry access (industrial access), evacuate, rescue, climb auxiliary, anti-fall and work location.

Claims (68)

1. a load verification device, comprising:
Starting power generator;
Starting power applicator, described starting power applicator is operationally connected in described starting power generator; And
Object, in the use of described load verification device, starting power is put on described object by described starting power applicator; And
Controlling organization, described controlling organization has load induction tool and drag applies instrument;
Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls described starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein said starting power generator is stopped, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load being put on described starting power applicator by described object, and described drag applies tool being operable and is multiplied by a to measure to equal dl according to equation hf the amount treating the drag being put on described starting power applicator by described starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary, and in addition wherein signal be communicated to user with the successful calibration of load verification device described in signal designation.
2. load verification device according to claim 1, wherein said object comprises user.
3. load verification device according to claim 1, wherein said object comprises equipment, instrument or other lifeless objects.
4. load verification device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said starting power generator comprises uses power-actuated lifting device.
5. load verification device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is one or more that wherein said starting power generator comprises with in power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley and counter weight device.
6. load verification device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said starting power applicator comprises rope.
7. load verification device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said starting power generator is with power-actuated cable winding drum and described starting power applicator is rope, and described rope attachment attaches to described object with power-actuated cable winding drum in described in the use of described load verification device.
8. load verification device according to claim 6, wherein said rope is continuous loop.
9. load verification device according to claim 6, wherein said rope at one end attaches to described starting power generator, and is attaching to described object along the distal portions of described rope in the use of described load verification device.
10. load verification device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said starting power applicator is platform.
11. load verification devices according to any one of claim 1 to 3, the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 0% to 99%.
12. load verification devices according to claim 11, the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 10% to 70%.
13. load verification devices according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said drag can the high maximum to 140kg.
14. load verification devices according to any one of claim 1 to 3, wherein said drag is applied tool being operable and treats the amount of the drag being put on described starting power applicator by described starting power generator with the mensuration afterwards that may detect preselected period of time by described load induction tool at described load.
15. load verification devices according to claim 14, wherein said preselected period of time is 0 to 10 second.
16. 1 kinds of load verification devices, comprising:
Use power-actuated cable winding drum;
Rope, described rope attachment attaches to user with power-actuated cable winding drum in described in the use of described load verification device; And
Controlling organization, described controlling organization has load induction tool and drag applies instrument; Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus uses power-actuated cable winding drum so that the first calibration mode control is described, wherein saidly to be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load putting on described rope, and described drag applies tool being operable to be multiplied by a to measure to treat by the described amount putting on the drag of described rope with power-actuated cable winding drum to equal dl according to equation hf, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary; And wherein signal is communicated to user with the successful calibration of load verification device described in signal designation in addition.
17. load verification devices according to claim 16, described rope is continuous loop.
18. load verification devices according to claim 16, wherein said rope at one end attaches to describedly uses power-actuated cable winding drum, and is attaching to user along the distal portions of described rope in the use of described load verification device.
19. according to claim 16 to the load verification device according to any one of 18, and the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 0% to 99%.
20. load verification devices according to claim 19, the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 10% to 70%.
21. according to claim 16 to the load verification device according to any one of 18, and wherein said drag can the high maximum to 140kg.
22. according to claim 16 to the load verification device according to any one of 18, and wherein said drag applies tool being operable and treats by the described amount putting on the drag of described rope with power-actuated cable winding drum to measure after having may detect preselected period of time by described load induction tool at described load.
23. load verification devices according to claim 22, wherein said preselected period of time is 0 to 10 second.
24. 1 kinds, for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, comprising:
Starting power generator;
Starting power applicator, described starting power applicator is operationally connected in described starting power generator; And
Object, rise in the use of auxiliary equipment for providing described, starting power is put on described object by described starting power applicator; And
Controlling organization, described controlling organization comprises load induction tool and drag applies instrument;
Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls described starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein said starting power generator is stopped, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load being put on described starting power applicator by described object, and described drag applies tool being operable and is multiplied by a to measure to equal dl according to equation hf the amount treating the drag being put on described starting power applicator by described starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary; Described controlling organization can operate the operation of described starting power generator to be switched to second by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein said starting power generator initially acts in described starting power applicator, until the described load detected by described load induction tool equals in fact the weight of described starting power applicator, and described drag applies tool being operable measured drag is put on described starting power applicator by means of described starting power generator, and described drag and described load act in described starting power applicator on the contrary.
25. is according to claim 24 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, and wherein said object comprises user.
26. is according to claim 24 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, and wherein said object comprises equipment, instrument or other lifeless objects.
27. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said starting power generator comprises uses power-actuated lifting device.
28. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, it is one or more that wherein said starting power generator comprises with in power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley and counter weight device.
29. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said starting power applicator comprises rope.
30. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said starting power generator is with power-actuated cable winding drum and described starting power applicator is rope, and described rope attachment attaches to described object described for providing in the use of the auxiliary equipment that rises with power-actuated cable winding drum in described.
31. is according to claim 29 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, and wherein said rope is continuous loop.
32. is according to claim 29 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said rope at one end attaches to described starting power generator, and is attaching to described object for providing in the use of the auxiliary equipment that rises along the distal portions of described rope described.
33. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said starting power applicator is platform.
34. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 0% to 99%.
35. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 10% to 70%.
36. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said object is people/user and the high maximum to 140kg equivalent of described drag.
37. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein said drag applies tool being operable with in response to the amount by described load induction tool, the detection of load being measured to the drag that can put on described load.
38. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein pre-calibration pattern was carried out before described first calibration mode, be formed at controlling organization described in described pre-calibration pattern and arrange thus control described starting power generator with the power difference between the described drag of equilibrium and described load and described object, until described load induction tool detects the constant load of lasting predetermined time.
39. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein in described first calibration mode, described drag applies tool being operable and treats the amount of the drag being put on described starting power applicator by described starting power generator with the mensuration afterwards that may detect preselected period of time by described load induction tool at described load.
40. according to the equipment for providing rising auxiliary according to claim 39, and wherein said preselected period of time is in the scope of 0 to 10 second.
41. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein signal be communicated to operator or user with described in signal designation for providing the successful calibration of the auxiliary equipment that rises.
42. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein when the described equipment for providing rising auxiliary is in described second by auxiliary ascending fashion, described load induction tool can operate the change of the described load detected in described starting power applicator.
43. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein when described for provide rise auxiliary equipment described second by auxiliary ascending fashion in and described load induction tool detects the change of the described load in described starting power applicator time, described controlling organization can operate the operation of described starting power generator to be switched to the 3rd not by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein said starting power generator initially acts in described starting power applicator, until the described load detected by described load induction tool equals in fact the weight of described starting power applicator, and wherein said drag applies instrument to be stopped, by means of described starting power generator, described drag is put on described starting power applicator.
44. according to any one of claim 24 to 26 for providing the auxiliary equipment that rises, wherein when described equipment described second by auxiliary ascending fashion in and described load induction tool detect in described starting power applicator equal in fact the load of the described load detected by described load induction tool in described first calibration mode time, described controlling organization can operate and fall or drop mode the operation of described starting power generator to be switched to the 4th, wherein said starting power generator is stopped and described drag applying instrument stops, by means of described starting power generator, described drag is put on described starting power applicator, and described user remains on original position by described starting power applicator.
Climbing auxiliary equipment for providing, comprising for 45. 1 kinds:
Use power-actuated cable winding drum;
Rope, described rope attachment in described with power-actuated cable winding drum and described for provide climb auxiliary equipment use in attach to user; And
Controlling organization, described controlling organization comprises load induction tool and drag applies instrument;
Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus uses power-actuated cable winding drum so that the first calibration mode control is described, wherein saidly to be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load that puts on described rope and described drag applies tool being operable treats by the described amount putting on the drag of described rope with power-actuated cable winding drum to measure, described drag equals dl according to equation hf and is multiplied by a to measure, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary;
Described controlling organization can operate the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum to be switched to second to climb pattern by auxiliary, wherein saidly run to prevent from using described for providing the described user that climbs auxiliary equipment and described lax with in the described rope between power-actuated cable winding drum with power-actuated cable winding drum, and described drag applies tool being operable drag is put on described rope by means of described with power-actuated cable winding drum, described drag with measured power to described user provide climb auxiliary.
46. according to claim 45ly climb auxiliary equipment for providing, and the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 0% to 99%.
47. according to claim 45 or according to claim 46ly climb auxiliary equipment for providing, and the scope of auxiliary " a " of wherein said applying is between 10% to 70%.
48. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein in described first calibration mode, described drag applies tool being operable and treats by the described amount putting on the drag of described rope with power-actuated cable winding drum may detect measuring afterwards of preselected period of time by described load induction tool at described load.
49. according to claim 48ly climb auxiliary equipment for providing, and wherein said preselected period of time is 0 to 10 second.
50. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein signal be communicated to described user with described in signal designation for providing the successful calibration climbing auxiliary equipment.
51. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein climb auxiliary equipment when described second by auxiliary climbing in pattern when described for providing, described load induction tool can operate the change of the described load detected on described rope.
52. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein when described for provide climb auxiliary equipment described second by auxiliary to climb in pattern and described load induction tool detects the change of the described load on described rope time, described controlling organization can operate does not climb pattern by auxiliary the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum to be switched to the 3rd, wherein saidly run to prevent from using described for providing the described user that climbs auxiliary equipment and described lax with in the described rope between power-actuated cable winding drum with power-actuated cable winding drum, and wherein said drag applies instrument to be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, described drag being put on described rope by means of described.
53. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein when described for provide climb auxiliary equipment described second by auxiliary to climb in pattern and described load induction tool detect on described rope equal in fact the load of the described load detected by described load induction tool in described first calibration mode time, described controlling organization can operate and fall or drop mode the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum to be switched to the 4th, wherein said be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum and described drag apply instrument stop by means of described power-actuated cable winding drum described drag being put on described rope and described user by described rope suspensions.
54. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein said controlling organization can operate to be switched to by described power-actuated cable winding drum the 3rd not climb pattern by auxiliary, wherein saidly can operate to prevent to use described for providing the described user that climbs auxiliary equipment and described lax with in the described rope between power-actuated cable winding drum with power-actuated cable winding drum, and described drag applies instrument does not provide drag with power-actuated cable winding drum to described rope by means of described.
55. according to claim 54ly climb auxiliary equipment for providing, wherein climb auxiliary equipment when the described 3rd by auxiliary not climbing in pattern when described for providing, described load induction tool is formed and arranges the weight of the user detected on described rope and the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum switched to the 4th whereabouts or drop mode, wherein said be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum and described drag apply tool being operable with not by means of described power-actuated cable winding drum drag do not put on described rope and described user by described rope suspensions.
56. climb auxiliary equipment for providing according to any one of claim 45 to 46, wherein said for provide climb auxiliary equipment be configured to detect described for provide climb auxiliary equipment operating period between the stopping of motion of described user or time-out.
57. according to claim 56ly climb auxiliary equipment for providing, wherein said controlling organization detect described user motion time-out or stop time can operating and do not climb pattern by auxiliary the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum to be switched to the described 3rd, wherein said can operate to prevent to use with power-actuated cable winding drum described for providing the described user that climbs auxiliary equipment and described lax with between power-actuated cable winding drum, and described drag applies instrument to be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, described drag being put on described rope by means of described.
58. 1 kinds, for providing the auxiliary system that rises, comprising:
Starting power generator;
Starting power applicator, described starting power applicator is operationally connected in described starting power generator and in the use of described system, is connected in the object that starting power is applied thereto by described starting power applicator; And controlling organization, described controlling organization comprises load induction tool, Electronic Control and diagnostic system and drag applies instrument;
Described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus controls described starting power generator with the first calibration mode, wherein said starting power generator is stopped, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load putting on described starting power applicator, and described drag applies tool being operable and is multiplied by equal dl according to equation hf the amount that a mensuration treats the drag being put on described starting power applicator by described starting power generator, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg, " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary, described controlling organization can operate the operation of described starting power generator to be switched to second by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein said starting power generator initially acts in described starting power applicator, until the described load detected by described load induction tool equals in fact the weight of described starting power applicator, and described drag applies tool being operable measured drag is put on described starting power applicator by means of described starting power generator, described drag provides to rise to described object and assists, described second by assisting in the operation of ascending fashion, described load induction tool is formed and arranges the weight of the described object detected in described starting power applicator, and the operation of described starting power generator is switched to the 4th to fall or drop mode, wherein said starting power generator is stopped and described object remains on original position by described starting power applicator, and described Electronic Control and diagnostic system are formed and arrange the operation of monitoring described starting power generator and described controlling organization, and when detecting fault, the operation of described starting power generator is switched to the 5th fault mode.
59. systems according to claim 58, wherein said object comprises user.
60. systems according to claim 58, wherein said object comprises equipment, instrument or other lifeless objects.
61. systems according to any one of claim 58 to 60, wherein said starting power generator comprises uses power-actuated lifting device.
62. systems according to any one of claim 58 to 60, it is one or more that wherein said starting power generator comprises with in power-actuated cable winding drum, crane, cable traction apparatus, capstan winch, pulley and counter weight device.
63. systems according to any one of claim 58 to 60, wherein said starting power applicator comprises rope.
64. 1 kinds, for providing the auxiliary system that rises, comprising:
Use power-actuated cable winding drum;
Rope, described rope attachment attaches to user described for providing in the use of the auxiliary system that rises with power-actuated cable winding drum in described; And
Controlling organization, described controlling organization comprises load induction tool, Electronic Control and diagnostic system and drag apply instrument, described controlling organization is formed and arranges thus uses power-actuated cable winding drum so that the first calibration mode control is described, wherein saidly to be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum, and other wherein said load induction tool is formed and arranges to detect the load that puts on described rope and described drag applies tool being operable treats by the described amount putting on the drag of described rope with power-actuated cable winding drum to measure, described drag equals dl according to equation hf and is multiplied by a mensuration, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg, " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary,
Described controlling organization can operate the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum to be switched to second by auxiliary ascending fashion, wherein saidly run to prevent from using described for providing the described user of the auxiliary system that rises and described lax with in the described rope between power-actuated cable winding drum with power-actuated cable winding drum, and described drag applies tool being operable drag is put on described rope by means of described with power-actuated cable winding drum, described drag provides rising auxiliary with measured power to described user;
Described load induction tool is formed and arranges the weight of the described user detected on described rope, and the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum is switched to the 4th to fall or drop mode, wherein said be stopped with power-actuated cable winding drum and described user by described rope suspensions, and described Electronic Control and diagnostic system are formed and arrange the operation of monitoring described power-actuated cable winding drum and described controlling organization, and when detecting fault, the described operation with power-actuated cable winding drum is switched to the 5th fault mode.
65. is according to claim 64 for providing the auxiliary system that rises, wherein in described 5th fault mode, detect nonfatal error, described system operable to switch to the 6th limping pattern, described 6th limping pattern stop using described system all Premium Features and send all alarms to inform that described user is back to safe horizontal plane and check system with sound.
66. according to claim 64 or claim 65 for providing the auxiliary system that rises, wherein can engage the 7th Lifting scheme to promote user by pulse.
67. 1 kinds for auxiliary work aloft time user in rising method, said method comprising the steps of:
Rope is provided;
Detection puts on the load of described rope in a first direction;
Select to be supplied to the auxiliary level of the applying of user;
Equal dl according to equation hf and be multiplied by a mensuration drag, wherein: " hf " equals the drag in kg; " dl " equals the load detected using kg and " a " equals as percentage applying auxiliary;
Apply drag in a second direction, to offset the described load putting on described rope in said first direction.
68. methods according to claim 67, one or more in further comprising the steps of: signal the described drag of instruction after measured to the user on described rope; Measure as the drag of the percentage of the described load detected on described rope step and apply to provide between step that described drag puts on the described load of described rope with counteracting the delay of preselected time; Change in response to the described load detected on described rope removes described drag.
CN201080032185.4A 2009-05-19 2010-05-18 Apparatus and method for providing climb assistance CN102458593B (en)

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AU2010250914B2 (en) 2014-04-17
CA2762548A1 (en) 2010-11-25
NZ596516A (en) 2013-06-28
AU2010250914A1 (en) 2011-12-15
JP2012527284A (en) 2012-11-08
EP2432573A1 (en) 2012-03-28
US20120279801A1 (en) 2012-11-08
GB0908587D0 (en) 2009-06-24
CN102458593A (en) 2012-05-16
GB2470370A8 (en) 2011-01-26
GB2470370A (en) 2010-11-24
WO2010133876A1 (en) 2010-11-25
RU2542818C2 (en) 2015-02-27
EP2432573B1 (en) 2018-10-31
JP5833544B2 (en) 2015-12-16

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