CN102449245B - Exterior wall system and method for installing exterior wall system according to invention in existing building - Google Patents

Exterior wall system and method for installing exterior wall system according to invention in existing building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102449245B
CN102449245B CN201080023444.7A CN201080023444A CN102449245B CN 102449245 B CN102449245 B CN 102449245B CN 201080023444 A CN201080023444 A CN 201080023444A CN 102449245 B CN102449245 B CN 102449245B
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
base plate
external wall
exterior wall
top board
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CN201080023444.7A
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CN102449245A (en
Inventor
丹尼尔·霍赫尼德尔
利斯贝思·菲施巴赫尔
Original Assignee
丹尼尔·霍赫尼德尔
利斯贝思·菲施巴赫尔
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Priority to DE102009023149.8 priority Critical
Priority to DE102009023149A priority patent/DE102009023149B3/en
Application filed by 丹尼尔·霍赫尼德尔, 利斯贝思·菲施巴赫尔 filed Critical 丹尼尔·霍赫尼德尔
Priority to PCT/EP2010/003192 priority patent/WO2010136187A1/en
Publication of CN102449245A publication Critical patent/CN102449245A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/003Balconies; Decks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination
    • E04B2/82Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination characterised by the manner in which edges are connected to the building; Means therefor; Special details of easily-removable partitions as far as related to the connection with other parts of the building
    • E04B2/827Partitions constituted of sliding panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/0604Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane allowing an additional movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/142Partition walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows
    • E05Y2900/15Balcony glazing

Abstract

The invention relates to an exterior wall system (10) of a building (12), comprising a displaceable exterior wall (28) and a bearing (44) for the displaceable exterior wall (28). The displaceable exterior wall (28) separates an interior space (14) from a walkable exterior space (16), and is reversibly adjustable between at least two closing positions (50, 52) and can be locked in each of the closing positions, wherein the displaceable exterior wall (28) separates the interior space (14) from the outside in each of the closing positions (50, 52). The bearing (44), implemented as a track curve, is designed so that the displaceable exterior wall (28) is displaceable between an inner closing position (50) and an outer closing position (52), and at least one part of the exterior space (16) transitions to the interior space (14) in the outer closing position (52), thereby increasing the floor space thereof.

Description

External wall system and external wall system according to the present invention is packed into the method for existing building
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of external wall system of the building with movable exterior wall and external wall system according to the present invention is packed into the method for existing building.
Background technology
In numerous embodiment of building field, as the new building of house block, external wall system is made up of reinforcing bar or the steel concrete of skeleton form.In this building types, construct support bracket by top layer and vertical support, to guide load, wherein use nonweight-bearing compartment.The protecting wall of building or facade as non-bearing assembly until blank build up on the rear supporting part that is just assembled to building.
Use the single prefabricated facade assembly or the facade system that are for example made up of glass, metal or synthetic materials, being fixed in the load-carrying members of building and being linked with seal member is the exterior wall being sealed for this reason.Body of wall assembly is by manufacturer's assembled in advance and configured window assembly, heat insulation and sound-insulating structure, ventilation assembly or for example sunshade, thereby can obviously shorten the installation time in building site.By the variable system of single exterior wall assembly, also for personalization adjustment and the structure of exterior wall or facade provide possibility.
Except the application in new building, in the renovation and transformation of existing building, external wall system is also significant.By existing facade or exterior wall are replaced to the new external wall system with better insulation characterisitic, make except corresponding architectural design, realize and become possibility than the better insulating properties of existing building, thus energy conservation greatly.
Known a kind of external wall system in this type of patent documentation FR2730259A1, it can make wall body vertical by line slide rail and slide to its elongated surfaces, so that inhabitation scope and balcony region are separated.
Patent documentation DE102009011220A1 has illustrated a kind of building of the cell formation of mutually joining by two boxes, this cell formation the side body of wall of this building.Can change the area of living space by two unit further joining more or less.
Patent documentation EP1654958A1 has introduced a kind of desk-top point of wall system based on pulley.
In patent documentation FR1103510A, illustrate and a kind ofly can vertically have been sailed by line slideway into the folding body of wall of its elongated surfaces.At this point, patent documentation WO2007/083922A1 has introduced a kind of similar system, but has wherein used steering rack, for driving displacement and body of wall being collapsed along side body of wall.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of external wall system for building, described external wall system provides the new possibility of architectural design.
According to skin system of the present invention, it forms by movable exterior wall with for the bearing arrangement of movable exterior wall, wherein this activity exterior wall separates interior chamber with enterable mistress, in reversible adjusting between at least two binding sites all can locking on each binding site, and at each binding site place, interior chamber is separated with outside.This bearing arrangement has at least one guide rail, described movable exterior wall can move in this guide rail, wherein, this guide rail of structure like this, make described movable exterior wall between inner binding site and combined outside position, to move and to make at least a portion mistress transfer interior chamber in this combined outside position, thus the floor space of chamber in expanding.From the Plane Angle of building, described guide rail form track and along ground and/or top extend.At this, also can select described guide rail to be arranged on the body of wall of side respect to one another, and respectively form a track in side-looking angle.Described movable exterior wall can move along this track between its binding site, and regulate in the time of the centre position through this track, in this centre position, described movable exterior wall is along the side body of wall of at least part of formation exterior wall and interior wall or extend along top, wherein, at this centre position place, mistress transfers interior chamber completely to.
At this, interior chamber, the room of for example building, can separate with outside by movable exterior wall.This activity exterior wall meets all function needs of exterior wall completely, makes interior chamber at all lockings completely of each binding site, extraneous as the impact of humidity, wind, temperature thereby protection room is not subject to.Enterable mistress is balcony, interior balcony or balcony particularly, and it can arrive by other rooms by interior chamber or even.At inner binding site, exterior wall is located between mistress and Nei chamber, to mistress and Nei chamber are separated by exterior wall, and mistress is connected with surrounding environment.At outside binding site, at least a portion mistress or whole mistress transfer interior chamber to, to it is separated with outside.The floor space of chamber in expanding thus, thereby the space of a temp. controllable of formation.Therefore, exterior wall according to the present invention makes the space flexible Application of building become possibility: mistress can be according to regulating binding site, or use as the interior chamber of heating, or use as the mistress who does not heat.Thereby, for example in the winter time, balcony can be used as living space completely, use as outdoor space in summer.By simple structure, described external wall system according to the present invention can be applied in new building, also can be used in the renovation and transformation of existing building.In addition,, by the corresponding insulating properties of external wall system, also can improve the heat-proof quality of existing building.
From the Plane Angle of building, described guide rail along ground and/or top form track.Described exterior wall extends along track between two positions, preferably can integrated moving, and can shifting to another binding site from a binding site to conserve space.Only must make the space between ground guide and head rail keep unimpeded completely.Finally being arranged on outer indoor device need not move.
As mentioned above, described movable exterior wall can regulate in centre position, and in this position, this activity exterior wall is along the side body of wall of at least part of formation exterior wall and interior wall or move along top.In this centre position, mistress and Nei chamber be conversion completely mutually, thereby forms wide-open space, and comfortable inhabitation temperature was provided in summer.
In order further to improve the mobility of flexibility and simplification exterior wall, preferred described movable exterior wall has multiple body of wall assemblies.Seal member can be installed separately and configure to this assembly separately, makes it can independently move and all can form at each binding site the exterior wall of sealing.This body of wall assembly even can especially can revolve connected.
In the embodiment that accompanying drawing is shown in the back, transfer the outside at the exterior wall at another binding site place by the inner face that makes exterior wall at binding site place, make exterior wall to be overturn between binding site by track, thereby improved operation and the use of system according to the invention.
For example can, like this by connected with each other described body of wall assembly, make it can be used as integrated moving, and simplify the movement of exterior wall from a binding site to another binding site.Described connection for example can realize by hinge or other mobilizable Connection Element.
Described movable exterior wall preferably has at least one window and/or a closable door, and this door can be optionally by outside interior chamber chamber opening.For example, can enter mistress from interior chamber by door.In addition, ensured by window the illumination that room is enough.
Described movable exterior wall can level or vertically mobile placement.Described exterior wall can be for example by side body of wall flatly or can for example vertically move to another binding site from a binding site by top, room.
Described bearing arrangement preferably includes at least one guide rail pair be arrangeding in parallel.
Described exterior wall is vertical or across its elongated surfaces, preferably can be used as entirety and moves between its binding site.
The right guide rail of described guide rail is located at the relative face of described exterior wall, to guarantee that this exterior wall is in rail pair.This exterior wall can be used as integrated moving, but also can a body of wall assembly be set respectively a rail pair.
In a preferred embodiment, in the plan view of building, track is U-shaped or bow type.Wherein, the preferably track of so selected guide rail, makes it extend piecemeal and can be parked on centre position along the body of wall adjacent with removable exterior wall, and in described centre position, described exterior wall moves along room body of wall.
In another preferred embodiment, described guide rail be located on the body of wall that is relatively fixed or among, movable wall can vertically move between binding site.Described movable exterior wall can vertically move to second binding site from first binding site through top, room.Owing to there not being guide rail on ground and top, therefore can use completely.In addition, without any contaminated safeguard procedures of guide rail of avoiding on floor.
For the bearing arrangement of described external wall system is integrated into space ideally, can makes bearing arrangement flush and fit with top, room and/or ground.Bearing arrangement does not embed in top or ground completely highlightedly.
The exterior wall of described external wall system can manually move to another binding site from a binding site.But a motor driven and control device also can be set, to make movable exterior wall move to inner binding site from combined outside position.
Described control device can be controlled or can be activated by receptor by manual, time.Therefore, for example exterior wall can be according to weather condition as precipitation, wind or corresponding temperature or according to moving sometime.
According to preferred embodiment, described external wall system can have one subsidiary, can in after the base plate that is provided with bearing arrangement and the top board installed.Owing to carrying out again loaded down with trivial details configuration without facing bearing arrangement according to the ground in existing top, client aspect or room, therefore also greatly simplify the assembling of the external wall system in the time of finishing especially, only need subsidiary top board or base plate to be fixed on building.Thus, formed by variable parts the module that can assemble rapidly.Act on the top of building and the load on ground may be conducted to building through the whole area of subsidiary base plate or top board by movable exterior wall.Described base plate and/or top board for example even can make top of building and/or ground uneven place become smooth, thereby form smooth surperficial and act on required heat insulating function for bearing arrangement.
In addition it is contemplated that, described external wall system has two side bodies of wall of relatively setting up, and it couples together top board and base plate.Described side body of wall on the one hand can roof supporting, makes without extraly top board being fixed on the top of building, and extra pipeline or heat insulation layer also can be set on the other hand in the body of wall of side, for example, can be used for realizing interior chamber and be better incubated.By after install ground body of wall, top body of wall and side body of wall by the thermal insulation of expandable room.
Preferably base plate, top board and side body of wall form respectively from bearing structure and preassembled unit.This preassembled unit is mounted to the unit on base plate, top board and the side body of wall of house face after can be used for or is installed to the unit on skin body, described preassembled unit is by factory's assembled in advance, as a whole supply, and for example by crane by packing building outward into or being assemblied on building.Therefore can obviously shorten the installation time on building.
Preferably, described unit multi-ply construction and comprise heat insulation layer.
Described base plate, described top board and described side body of wall even can form the box unit of body plan in advance jointly, its can after be assemblied on balcony, balcony and interior balcony or can the body of wall from external mounting to building on, thereby simplify the finishing process of large-scale high building.
Preferably described base plate, described top board and/or described side body of wall are assemblied on base plate, top board and the side body of wall of house face.Thus without carry out loaded down with trivial details preparation on existing building.
But also it is contemplated that, at arranged outside pillar, support or other possible fixation means of building, and by fixed thereon to described base plate, top board and/or side body of wall, to described external wall system is fully assemblied on the exterior wall of building.
In order all to realize the thermal insulation of interior chamber at each binding site, between the side body of wall of base plate, top board and/or the side body of wall of described external wall system and base plate, top board and the house face of house face, heat insulation layer is set.Thus by described external wall system thermal insulation is set, without the loaded down with trivial details work on building, can the thermal insulation of simple realization building.
It is contemplated that, described side body of wall, described top board or described base plate have integrated illumination component and/or electric power connects.
In addition, described external wall system can have the heating or the cooling module that are particularly integrated in described top board, described base plate and/or described side body of wall.
Described external wall system also has drainage pipe.This makes at binding site place, the inside of described exterior wall, water to be discharged and become possibility by mistress.In the combined outside position of described exterior wall, the described drainage pipe for interior chamber cuts out, and makes water cannot enter from outside interior chamber.
For example by described board structure for can be arranged on room floor, and outwardly with respect to the base plate of house face.Through this, also may expand the existing area of room and building by external wall system according to the present invention.
In addition according to the present invention, also designed on existing building and assembled according to the method for external wall system of the present invention.Said method comprising the steps of:
-by be neighboringly arranged on existing interior chamber and/or within, the bearing arrangement for each exterior wall is fixed to existing building, wherein in outwards chamber opening of chamber,
-movable exterior wall is assembled into bearing arrangement so that according to the regioselectivity of this activity exterior wall expand existing interior chamber, wherein
-after being arranged on, described bearing arrangement can be fixed on base plate, top board and/or the side body of wall on building, and be fixed on thus on existing building.
In this case, described bearing arrangement is fixed on described existing building by this base plate, top board and/or side body of wall.
The method according to this invention can be applied to new building on the one hand, but preferably uses it for the renovation of existing building.
In the further expansion of this method, described bearing arrangement and subsidiary base plate, top board and/or side body of wall thereof are fixed to one another in advance.The tabular unit forming will be assemblied on base plate, top board and/or the side body of wall of house face.For example, described bearing arrangement can during the process of base plate, top board and/or side body of wall of manufacture, be fixed therein or its on, to this bearing arrangement and this base plate, top board and/or side body of wall can be operated as a whole in simple mode.
In a preferred embodiment of the method, described base plate, top board and/or side body of wall assembled in advance become a case shape unit.This unit will be assemblied on the base plate of house face, and is fixed on building.Because described external wall system is complete assembled in advance, can shorten the installation time on building site and building through this.
Described case shape unit preferred fit is on existing balcony or existing interior balcony.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Also by reference to the accompanying drawings further advantage and feature are set forth by following description, wherein:
-Fig. 1 is the plan view according to external wall system of the present invention;
-Fig. 2 is the sectional drawing of the external wall system in Fig. 1;
-Fig. 3 is the outside drawing of the external wall system in Fig. 1;
-Fig. 4 is the perspective internal view that the external wall system in Fig. 1 is positioned at first exterior wall binding site;
-Fig. 5 is the external wall system that is positioned at second exterior wall binding site in Fig. 4;
-Fig. 6 is the external wall system that is positioned at the centre position of exterior wall in Fig. 4;
-Fig. 7 a to Fig. 7 c is the floor map that in Fig. 1, external wall system is positioned at exterior wall diverse location;
-Fig. 8 is the further expansion of the external wall system in Fig. 7;
-Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b are longitudinal plan and the sectional drawing of the external wall system in Fig. 1;
-Figure 10 a to Figure 10 c is the detailed drawing of the external wall system in Fig. 1;
-Figure 11 a to Figure 11 c has the phantom drawing that is positioned at the partial building of the external wall system of exterior wall diverse location in Fig. 1;
-Figure 12 a to Figure 12 c is the building phantom drawing having according to external wall system the second embodiment of the present invention;
-Figure 13 to Figure 15 is the building layout having according to the difference location possibility of external wall system of the present invention;
-Figure 16 a and Figure 16 b are the another kind of embodiment according to external wall system of the present invention;
-Figure 17 to Figure 21 is according to the plan view of the different embodiment of external wall system of the present invention;
-Figure 22 to Figure 24 be have movable exterior wall bearing arrangement different embodiment according to the plan view of external wall system of the present invention;
-Figure 25 and Figure 26 show have can vertical mobile exterior wall two embodiment;
-Figure 27 a to Figure 27 f shows external wall system according to the present invention is established to the embodiment in building.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 has shown the external wall system flexibly 10 for building 12, and this building 12 has interior chamber 14 and enterable mistress 16.In this case, this mistress 16 is balcony, can enter by interior chamber 14.This external wall system 10 has the base plate 18 on the base plate 19 that covers mistress 16 plane substantially completely and be assemblied in house face, and the relative side body of wall 20 in two sides, its side body of wall 22 that is parallel to respectively this building 12 arranges and is fixed on this side body of wall 22.In addition as shown in Figure 2, this external wall system 10 also has the top board 24 on the top board 26 that is fixed on this building 12.
This external wall system 10 has movable exterior wall 28, and this exterior wall is made up of three connected body of wall assemblies 30,32,34 jointly at this.Particularly as shown in Figure 3, occupy right body of wall assembly 34 and have door 36 in Fig. 3, this door 36 can be opened interior chamber 14 to mistress 16.Other body of wall assembly 30,32 has respectively window 38,40.On this building 12, in these external wall system 10 fronts, railing 42 is set in advance.
This external wall system 10 has bearing arrangement 44, is guide rail pair herein, wherein this activity exterior wall 28 can along continuous straight runs R(referring to Fig. 1) mobile placement.At this, first guide rail 46 of this bearing arrangement 44 is arranged in base plate 18, and second 48, guide rail is arranged on (referring to accompanying drawing 2) in top board 24.This guide rail 46,48 takes the shape of the letter U respectively, and its Part I is between interior chamber 14 and mistress 16, and Part II is parallel to mistress 16 side body of wall 20, and Part III is along the arranged outside of balcony.
Here, the bearing arrangement 44 of this external wall system 10 has an inner binding site 50 and a combined outside position 52, and this activity exterior wall 28 can be respectively at these two binding site lockings.Make like this this activity exterior wall 28 rest in this bearing arrangement 44, make its reversibly one of them from this binding site 50,52 move to another in this binding site 50,52.Each binding site in this binding site 50,52 is characterised in that, this activity exterior wall 28 can be separated with exterior zone 54 by the movable exterior wall 28 at these binding site 50,52 lockings at these binding site 50,52 lockings and this interior chamber 14, thereby makes this interior chamber 14 form the room of the temp. controllable of separating with this exterior zone 54.
The interior chamber 14 of temperature-adjustable can change size or floor space by movable exterior wall 28.At outside binding site 52,16 of mistress transfer the room of this interior chamber 14 or temp. controllable completely to, thereby have expanded size or the floor space of this interior chamber 14.In such as winter in the situation that weather condition is severe, the out of use area of this mistress 16 can transfer interior chamber 14 at least in part to, even if also can use under atrocious weather condition like this.
By Fig. 4 to Fig. 6, this operating principle is described again: in Fig. 4, this activity exterior wall 28, at inner binding site 50 place's lockings, makes interior chamber 14 separate with mistress 16.The room of temperature-adjustable refers to the spatial volume of this interior chamber 14 herein, and this mistress 16(balcony) with exterior zone 54(building external environment condition) communicate.By being located at the door 36 at body of wall assembly 34 places, can enter this mistress 16 from this interior chamber 14, so that can be used as balcony, balcony or interior balcony, this mistress 16 uses.
The centre position 56 that this activity exterior wall 28 can show along bearing arrangement 44 in Fig. 6 moves to combined outside position 52.In this centre position 56, interior chamber 14 and mistress 16 change mutually, to form a larger penetrating room, can become in summer the open spaces that room is comfortable.
Shown in Figure 5 at these 52 places, combined outside position, this activity exterior wall 28 is positioned at the outside of this building 12, between mistress 16 and exterior zone 54.At this binding site, interior chamber 14 and exterior zone 54 that this activity exterior wall 28 has expanded the mistress based on before 16 separate.The room of described temperature-adjustable expands.Thereby this mistress 16 can be at outside binding site place as for example using in the room that can heat winter.
Due to this activity exterior wall 28 can be along bearing arrangement 44 one of them from binding site 50,52 move to another of this binding site 50,52, therefore this activity exterior wall 28 for example can be adjusted rapidly its binding site in the time that weather condition changes.As shown in Figs. 4-6, this activity exterior wall 28 moves along U-shaped bearing arrangement 44, and mistress 16 can be applied completely in moving process.Device in this mistress 16 need not be removed for mobile this activity exterior wall 28.
This activity exterior wall 28 can manually move along bearing arrangement 44, but also can arrange one herein unshowned motor driven drive this activity exterior wall 28 to move along this bearing arrangement 44.This motor driven can also have to be controlled or by the control device of sensor activation by manual, time.For example timed unit can make this activity exterior wall 28 according to move sometime or according to the time according to sunshine situation regulate binding site.
It is contemplated that, this activity exterior wall 28 was controlled and is moved to inner binding site 52 through the time in the positive period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m in summer, to make the sunburst that wide-angle is injected only make mistress 16 rather than interior chamber 14 heat up, can avoid thus the violent intensification of this interior chamber 14.The same day irradiation angle hour, can in contrast this activity exterior wall 28 be moved to combined outside position 52, be these interior chamber 14 heat supplies to can utilize sunlight.In addition can also improve, the illumination of this interior chamber 14 by incident at sunshine.
Certainly, described control also can be realized by for example optical sensor of different sensors or rain sensor, makes for example when rainy, this activity exterior wall 28 to be moved to combined outside position 52, so that protection is arranged in mistress 16 device.
In Fig. 7 a to Fig. 7 c, by the plan view of the building 12 in the time that movable exterior wall 28 is positioned at diverse location, again sum up according to the operating principle of external wall system 10 of the present invention.In Fig. 7 a, this activity exterior wall 28 is at inner binding site 50 lockings, and separate with mistress 16 interior chamber 14.In Fig. 7 b, this activity exterior wall 28 is shifted to the centre position 56 of changing completely between interior chamber 14 and mistress 16 along side body of wall.In Fig. 7 c, this activity exterior wall 28 is shifted to the combined outside position 52 that makes mistress 16 transfer interior chamber 14 to.
Except illustrate herein have two binding sites according to the embodiment of external wall system 10 of the present invention, also can imagine the embodiment with more binding sites.In Fig. 8, having shown to have manyly, is the schematic diagram of the external wall system 10 of 4 binding sites in figure.Except inner binding site 50, the external wall system 10 showing in figure also has combined outside position 52,58,60, and this activity exterior wall 28 can be respectively at these binding site lockings, to interior chamber 14 is separated with outside.At binding site 58,60 places, only some mistress 16 transfers interior chamber 14 to respectively.Can change arbitrarily according to the position of the binding site of external wall system 10 of the present invention and quantity.
In Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b and the structure of this external wall system 10 has again been described in detailed drawing Figure 10 of bearing arrangement a to Figure 10 c.As shown in the plan view showing in the sectional drawing showing in Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b, the top board 24 of this external wall system 10, base plate 18 and side body of wall 20 are respectively equipped with heat insulation layer 62.Heat insulation layer 62 is arranged on the whole surface of this base plate 18, top board 24 and side body of wall 20, thereby guarantee that interior chamber 14 does not rely on being connected of selected movable exterior wall binding site 50,52,58,60 and this activity exterior wall 28, still has the enough thermal insulations with respect to exterior zone 54.
The detailed drawing of Figure 10 a to Figure 10 c shows a kind of possible structure of heat insulation layer 62 for example, in contrast to this, the another kind of structure of this heat insulation layer 62 also can be set according to weather condition and local architectural style.
In Figure 10 a, also shown slide assemblies 63, this assembly is arranged on movable exterior wall 28, and projection embeds guide rail.
In addition,, in side body of wall 20, base plate 18 and top board 24 also can arrange feeding pipe, for example electrical equipment connection, heating or cooling assembly.Also heating or cooling assembly, illuminator, ventilation system or possible electric power connection can be integrated in external wall system 10.
In addition, the dewatering installation 64 showing in Figure 10 b and 10c being set on the base plate 18 of this external wall system 10, this makes rainwater to be discharged by mistress 16 during at inner binding site 50 locking when movable exterior wall 28.As shown in Figure 10 c, tectonic activity exterior wall 28 like this, makes it in the time of outside binding site 52,58,60 locking, and dewatering installation 64 cuts out.
Figure 11 a to Figure 11 c shows again in the time that movable exterior wall 28 is positioned at different binding site to be had according to the plan view of the building 12 of external wall system 10 of the present invention.This activity exterior wall 28 is positioned at internal junction co-bit and puts 50 in Figure 11 a, is positioned at centre position 56 in Figure 11 b, is positioned at combined outside position 52 in Figure 11 c.
As shown in Figure 11 a to Figure 11 c, the base plate 18 of this external wall system 10, top board 24 and side body of wall 20 form case shape unit.In this case, this unit is from bearing unit, makes only to need this external wall system 10 is assemblied on the base plate 19 of building 12 and is fixed on this building 12.Therefore, fully assembled in advance of external wall system 10 shown here, and as the case shape unit application of assembled in advance in this building 12.For example, can using shown in external wall system 10 be transported to building site in factory's assembled in advance and as the unit having assembled, only need to be assembled on building 12 or in room, and carry out loaded down with trivial details operation without External Wall system on building site or building 12.This external wall system 10 is particularly useful for sheet material building or large-scale rehabilitation of housing, because it just can enlarge living space and improve thermal insulation without consuming large-scale building materials.
In the embodiment showing herein, external wall system 10 should be pushed in building 12 to such degree, make this external wall system 10 flush as far as possible with the outside laminating of the base plate 19 of this building 12.
As shown in Figure 12 a to Figure 12 c, outside or the base plate 19 that also can make external wall system 10 cross building 12 are outwards given prominence to, to expand the floor space of building 12 by external wall system 10 according to the present invention.
This external wall system 10 also can fully be assemblied in the construction wall outside of building 12.In this case, for example this external wall system 10 is assemblied in to being fixed on the support or pillar on building of arranged outside.Wherein, this external wall system 10 can, according to mounting condition, be fixed on pillar with its top board 24, base plate 18 and/or side body of wall 20, to make this external wall system 10 keep flat selectively or be assemblied in suspension on this pillar.Unlike this, also can imagine other and be fixed to the possibility on building masonry wall.
Figure 13 to Figure 15 illustrates respectively the different possible setting of external wall system 10 on building 12.Wherein, in Figure 13, balcony/interior balcony fully binds and flushes and fits with the surface of this building 12, and in Figure 14, balcony is fully positioned at the front of these building 12 exterior walls.In this case, this external wall system 10 can be assemblied on the balcony that is positioned at building 12 fronts, but also this external wall system 10 fully can be fixed on to the outside of building 12 bodies of wall.In Figure 15, balcony/interior balcony partly takes in this building 12.This external wall system 10 covers respectively whole balcony/whole interior balcony.
In the above-described embodiments, this external wall system 10 is from the unit of bearing structure or an assembled in advance, and it can be used as integral installation and is fitted on building 12, unlike this, also it is contemplated that do not there is side body of wall 20 or top board 24, the embodiment of base plate 18.
As mentioned above, when external wall system 10 is assemblied on the base plate 19 of building 12 1 sides as the case shape of assembled in advance completely or box-like unit, can realize assembling very rapidly.
Optionally, for example, for fear of using mobile crane, base plate 18, top board 24 and side body of wall 20 also can be used as the independent unit of assembled in advance can prefabricated ground until assemble again on building.In addition, the sheet material or the body of wall that are made up of single component (assembly as wide in 1m) can Assemblings.
Described sheet material and body of wall can be for example the hollow bodies with internal insulation layer, and wherein inside can arrange back-up coat with trapezoid element or identical form.In addition, can be at outside assembled in advance heat insulation layer under a stable condition.
In addition, in addition to the implementation, external wall system 10 also can only have base plate 18 or top board 24, and the bearing arrangement 44 of movable exterior wall 28 is wherein set.This top board 24 can be fixed in the top of building 12, thereby does not need the side body of wall 20 for supporting.Even can for example make rough top of building or bottom become level and smooth by this base plate 18 and top board 24.
The feature of embodiment shown in Figure 16 is, external wall system 10 neither has base plate 18, does not also have top board 24.Here, guide rail 46,48 is directly used in base plate 19 and the top board 26 of building 12, and flushes with it laminating.On base plate 19 and top board 26, be respectively equipped with heat insulation layer 62, to guarantee enough thermal insulations.This embodiment is preferably applicable to new building, and wherein, guide rail 46,48 is fixed in it in the time manufacturing top board 26 or base plate 19.
In Figure 17 to Figure 21, introduce for example below other the embodiment according to external wall system 10 of the present invention.No matter the shape of external wall system why in Figure 17 to Figure 21, all embodiment all have inner binding site 50 and combined outside position 52, and movable exterior wall 28 is separated interior chamber 14 respectively at this two places binding site with outside.In addition,, at outside binding site 52, have at least a part of mistress 16 to transfer interior chamber 14 to.Although the embodiment of this demonstration with before the embodiment difference to some extent that shows, before having continued to retain for the Reference numeral of all embodiment.Below only introduce the difference between different embodiment.External wall system 10 is shown at outside binding site 52 and at inner binding site 50 by movable exterior wall 28 respectively.
Wherein, Figure 17 shows the above-mentioned embodiment with rectangle external wall system, and wherein, a part for this external wall system 10 is taken among building 12.
In Figure 18, the profile of external wall system 10 is rounded.Here, movable exterior wall 28 is configured to semicolumn, and bearing arrangement 44 extends along circular orbit.By this configuration of external wall system 10, movable exterior wall 28 can be configured to not have jointed entirety.
Certainly, also can use polygonal profile, octagonal profile is as shown in Figure 19 replaced circular contour.Wherein, bearing arrangement 44 is octagon, and movable exterior wall 28 has multiple body of wall assemblies 30,32,34 that can be mutually mobile.
External wall system 10 closures shown in Figure 20 are triangle, and wherein movable exterior wall 28 extends by leg-of-mutton whole piece limit respectively.Wherein, inner binding site 50 forms a leg-of-mutton limit, and combined outside position 52 forms Article 2 limit, and this leg-of-mutton Article 3 limit is formed by side body of wall 22.Herein, bearing arrangement 44 extends along side body of wall 22, and this bearing arrangement 44 also can extend through leg-of-mutton angle.
The external wall system 10 showing in Figure 21 is closed into square, is with the difference of above-described embodiment, is provided with two movable exterior walls 28, and these two movable exterior walls 28 form foursquare two adjacent edges.
Except above-described embodiment, it is also contemplated that other is according to the embodiment of external wall system 10 of the present invention and movable exterior wall 28.This activity exterior wall 28 can or be made up of multiple body of wall assemblies 30,32,34 jointly by one.This body of wall assembly 30,32,34 can relatively move ground and/or be jointly connected movably.Also can make this body of wall assembly 30,32,34 separated from one another, it can individually be moved along bearing arrangement 44.
Described bearing arrangement 44 can be according to the embodiment of external wall system and configuration any configuration.At the pass the imperial examinations at the provincial level different embodiment of the bearing arrangement 44 that has exemplified movable exterior wall 28 of Figure 22 to 24.Wherein, in Figure 22 a, 23a, 24a, movable exterior wall 28 is positioned at combined outside position 52; In Figure 22 b, 23b, 24b, it is positioned at centre position 56; In Figure 22 c, 23c, 24c, it is positioned at inner binding site 50.
Figure 22 shows the bearing arrangement 44 of arc or U-shaped for example, is wherein provided with the movable exterior wall 28 being made up of three parts.In centre position 56, this activity exterior wall 28 can fully dock with side body of wall 22, so that interior chamber 14 and mistress 16 conversion completely mutually.
The embodiment of the bearing arrangement 44 shown in Figure 23 has respectively track switch 65 in the corner of this bearing arrangement 44.By the shape of the guide rail 46,48 selected, can make movable exterior wall 28 when one of them from binding site 50,52 shifted to another respectively, not enter the centre position that it docks completely with side body of wall 22 herein.At the track switch 65 of another location, 28 of movable exterior walls shift to along side body of wall 22 centre position that it docks completely with side body of wall 22 on the contrary.
A kind of movable exterior wall 28 being made up of two body of wall assemblies 30,32 is shown in Figure 24 equally.This body of wall assembly 30,32 equally can be separated from one another, and have respectively the U-shaped bearing arrangement 44 along side body of wall 22.
Except laterally moving movable exterior wall 28 with respect to extended surface, also it is contemplated that, perpendicular to its extended surface, move movable exterior wall 28 with vertical direction.As the sectional drawing as shown at Figure 25 and Figure 26, the guide rail 46,48 of bearing arrangement 44 is located at respectively side body of wall 22, and the top board 24 through external wall system 10 extends to inner binding site 50 from combined outside position 52.In the embodiment showing in Figure 25, the guide rail 46,48 that is positioned at top board 24 also has track switch 66, and through turnout passing 66, this activity exterior wall 28 can be shifted to centre position 56 along this top board 24.
In contrast to this, can construct like this guide rail 46,48 in embodiment illustrated in fig. 26, when this activity exterior wall 28 is moved from combined outside position 52 to inner binding site 50, dock with this top board 24 completely in centre position 56.
External wall system 10 according to the present invention had both been applicable to new building, was applicable to again assemble existing old building, for example renovation or transformation building.By the relative configurations by outer visual assembly of this activity exterior wall 28 or external wall system 10, can also carry out follow-up adjustment or structure to the facade of building 12.
As long as top board or the base plate of building 12 have required spatial altitude and required bearing capacity, the external wall system 10 in building 12 just can be set arbitrarily.Pass the imperial examinations at the provincial level and exemplified the difference setting of external wall system 10 in building 12 at Figure 27 a to Figure 27 f.In the embodiment wherein illustrating herein, this external wall system 10 flushes laminating with this building 12 respectively.It is evident that, also can not rely on the position in building 12 according to external wall system 10 of the present invention, but cross the outstanding structure in surface of building 12.
In Figure 27 a, for example, external wall system 10 is arranged at the bottom of building 12.Herein, mistress 16 can transfer the region, balcony that is positioned at building 12 fronts to, or it becomes a part for balcony in the time that this external wall system 10 is outstanding.In Figure 27 a, this external wall system 10 is arranged on the top layer of building 12.In Figure 27 c and Figure 27 d, this external wall system 10 is arranged at respectively each floor of this building 12.In the embodiment shown in Figure 27 c, the roof of a part of building 12 is removed or is replaced by the top board 24 of this external wall system 10 herein.
In addition, in the embodiment shown in Figure 27 e, the intermediate floors of building 12 is removed, and makes external wall system 10 through multiple floors, is two floors here.Be adjusted on the contrary the direction of patio at the embodiment shown in Figure 27 f.

Claims (27)

1. the external wall system (10) of a building (12), has movable exterior wall (28) and the bearing arrangement (44) for movable exterior wall (28),
Wherein, 28) interior chamber (14) are separated with enterable mistress (16), the reversible adjusting and all can locking on each binding site between at least two binding sites (50,52,58,60) of this activity exterior wall (28), and this activity exterior wall (28) is all separated this interior chamber (14) on each binding site (50,52) with outside, and
Wherein, described bearing arrangement (44) has at least one guide rail (46,48), bootable described movable exterior wall (28) moves therein, wherein, the described guide rail of structure (46,48) like this, this activity exterior wall (28) can be moved between inner binding site (50) and combined outside position (52), and locate to make mistress (16) described at least a portion to transfer described interior chamber (14) at outside binding site (52,58,60), thereby the floor space of chamber (14) in expanding, it is characterized in that
-described guide rail (46,48) form track and on ground and/or top extend, or this guide rail is located on the body of wall of side respect to one another, form respectively track; And
-described movable exterior wall (28) can move between its binding site (50,52,58,60) and regulate when the centre position by described track (56) along described track, in this centre position, described movable exterior wall is along the side body of wall of at least part of formation exterior wall and interior wall or move along top, wherein, locate in described centre position (56), described mistress (16) and described interior chamber (14) can fully be changed mutually.
2. according to the external wall system of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described movable exterior wall (28) has multiple mobilizable body of wall assemblies (30,32,34).
3. according to the external wall system described in above-mentioned arbitrary claim, it is characterized in that, described movable exterior wall (28) at least has a fan window (38,40) and/or a closable door of fan (36), and this door is optionally opened described interior chamber (14) to described mistress (16).
4. external wall system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described movable exterior wall (28) can level or vertically mobile placement.
5. external wall system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the closed slide (46,48) being positioned on ground and/or top arranges piecemeal along body of wall adjacent, respect to one another with moveable exterior wall (28) (22), and this body of wall forms described interior chamber (14) and described mistress (16) at least in part.
6. external wall system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described movable exterior wall is as a whole along described rail moving.
7. external wall system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described track takes the shape of the letter U or be arc.
8. external wall system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described guide rail be arranged on fixing body of wall respect to one another (22) or within, described movable exterior wall (28) vertically moves between its binding site (50,52,58,60).
9. external wall system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, flushes laminating, and be arranged in this top board or this base plate for the described bearing arrangement (44) in room and the top board (24,26) in this room and/or base plate (18,19).
10. external wall system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described external wall system (10) has motor driven and control device, to make described movable exterior wall (28) shift to described inner binding site (50) from described combined outside position (52,58,60).
11. external wall systems according to claim 10, is characterized in that, described control device is by manual, time-controllable or activate by sensor.
12. external wall systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described external wall system (10) has base plate (18) and top board (24), and described bearing arrangement (44) is arranged on this top board (24) or base plate (18).
13. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described external wall system (10) has two side bodies of wall (22) that are oppositely arranged, and it makes described top board (24) be connected with described base plate (18).
14. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described base plate (18), described top board (24) and described side body of wall (20) are from bearing structure and form respectively the unit of pre-installing.
15. external wall systems according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, described base plate (18), described top board (24) and described side body of wall (20) have formed the box unit of body plan in advance jointly, this box unit can in after be assemblied on existing balcony, balcony or interior balcony or be arranged on the outside of building masonry wall and expand existing interior chamber (14) by the regioselectivity ground of described movable exterior wall (28).
16. external wall systems according to claim 14, it is characterized in that, between the side body of wall (22) of base plate (19), top board (26) and the house face of base plate (18), top board (24) and/or side body of wall (20) and the house face of described external wall system (10), heat insulation layer (62) is set.
17. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described side body of wall (20), described top board (24) and/or described base plate (18) have integrated illumination component and/or electric power connects.
18. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described external wall system has heating or cooling module and/or drainage pipe.
19. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described base plate (18), described top board (24) and/or described side body of wall (20) are arranged on base plate (19), top board (26) and the side body of wall (22) of house face.
20. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described base plate (18) is configured to be arranged on the base plate (19) of described house face and above and with respect to the base plate (19) of this house face outwards gives prominence to.
21. according to the external wall system of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described movable exterior wall (28) has multiple body of wall assemblies (30,32,34) that mutually can revolve connection.
22. external wall systems according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, described base plate (18), described top board (24) and described side body of wall (20) are from bearing structure and form respectively the unit of pre-installing, and it is used as unit on base plate (19), top board (26) and the side body of wall (22) that is assemblied in house face afterwards or that be arranged on building wall external body.
23. external wall systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described external wall system has the heating or cooling module and/or the drainage pipe that are integrated within described top board (24), described base plate (18) and/or described side body of wall (20).
24. 1 kinds for by pack the method for existing building (12) into according to the external wall system of the claims, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
-by be neighboringly arranged on existing interior chamber (14) and/or within, the bearing arrangement (44) that is used for movable exterior wall (28) is fixed on to existing building (12), interior chamber can be opened to existing mistress (16),
-described movable exterior wall (28) assembling is assembled into described bearing arrangement (44), thus according to the position of this activity exterior wall (28), optionally expand existing interior chamber (14), wherein
-by described bearing arrangement (44) be arranged on can in after to be fixed on base plate (18), top board (24) and/or side body of wall (20) on described building (12) upper, and be fixed on thus on described existing building (12).
25. methods according to claim 24, it is characterized in that, described bearing arrangement (44) and subsidiary base plate (18), top board (24) and/or side body of wall (20) thereof are interfixed in advance, and formed unit is assembled on base plate (19), top board (26) and/or the side body of wall (22) of house face.
26. according to the method described in claim 24 or 25, it is characterized in that, in advance described base plate (18), described top board (24) and described side body of wall (20) are assembled into box unit, the base plate (19) that is assembled to house face is gone up and is fixed on described building (12).
27. methods according to claim 26, is characterized in that, described box unit is assembled on existing balcony or existing interior balcony.
CN201080023444.7A 2009-05-28 2010-05-26 Exterior wall system and method for installing exterior wall system according to invention in existing building Active CN102449245B (en)

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DE102009023149A DE102009023149B3 (en) 2009-05-28 2009-05-28 Exterior wall system
PCT/EP2010/003192 WO2010136187A1 (en) 2009-05-28 2010-05-26 Exterior wall system and method for installing an exterior wall system according to the invention in an existing building

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CN102449245A (en) 2012-05-09
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DK2435639T3 (en) 2014-03-03
PT2435639E (en) 2014-03-17
HRP20140222T1 (en) 2014-04-11
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DE102009023149B3 (en) 2010-12-30
JP2012528258A (en) 2012-11-12

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