CN102430479B - Electrostatic air conditioner cleaner and electric discharge device - Google Patents

Electrostatic air conditioner cleaner and electric discharge device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102430479B
CN102430479B CN 201110435128 CN201110435128A CN102430479B CN 102430479 B CN102430479 B CN 102430479B CN 201110435128 CN201110435128 CN 201110435128 CN 201110435128 A CN201110435128 A CN 201110435128A CN 102430479 B CN102430479 B CN 102430479B
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assembly
discharge
electric discharge
ionization
back pressure
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CN102430479A (en
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杨全辉
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Abstract

The invention provides an electrostatic air conditioner cleaner for a central air-conditioning system and an electric discharge device arranged in the electrostatic air conditioner cleaner. The electrostatic air conditioner cleaner comprises a shell, an air inlet, an air outlet, an electric discharge assembly and an ionization dust collecting assembly, wherein the electric discharge assembly comprises an electric discharge anode assembly which is of an acicular structure and an electric discharge cathode assembly, the acicular structure is firm, can be used for improving an electric discharge voltage, can be washed without any chemical agent or a soaking process and can be directly flushed with a pressure water pistol, the electric discharge anode assembly passes through the center of the ionization dust collecting assembly and extends out of the tail end of the ionization dust collecting assembly, and the ionization dust collecting assembly consists of honeycomb six-wall type ionization dust connecting plates, thus the dust collecting space is increased and the overall size of the cleaner is reduced; and the overall performance of the cleaner is improved, and the cleaning period is prolonged. Compared with a medium-efficiency band filter, the cleaner has the advantages that the production of nondegradable solid pollutants can be reduced and the effects of environmental friendliness, energy conservation and emission reduction are achieved truly.

Description

A kind of electrostatic purifying device for air conditioner and electric discharge device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electrostatic type air purification apparatus, particularly relate to a kind of electrostatic type air purification apparatus for central air-conditioning.
Background technology
Air cleaning unit be applied in the central air conditioner system air-conditioning box, the equipment of harmful substance in a kind of filtered air on air supply duct or fan coil return air inlet place, make via central air conditioner system and send into indoor air through fully and the high efficiency purification.
The central air conditioner system internal duct is deep-rooted, textural anomaly is complicated, cause central air-conditioning can not obtain again in the situation of in time cleaning, must form serious pollution, dust and bacterium, microorganism grow in a large number, want effectively to solve these and pollute, it is not all right that light relies on the later stage to clean, and must control from the source.
At the air-conditioning air intake, high efficiency electrostatic precipitation sterilization purification equipment is installed.Existing electrostatic air cleaning equipment is by discharge electricity silk in the market, the board-like static that the control of dust flat sheet combination forms, this structure can reach the function of dust cleaning and sterilizing to a certain extent, but due to its structural limitations, cause the decline of outfit of equipment performance, efficient is low, and the control of dust space is little, the defectives such as the control of dust amount is little, and the cleaning frequency is short.equipment also can bring heavy maintenance work in the later stage use procedure: electricity silk easy fracture, and discharge instability, ozone exceeds standard, collecting plate control of dust space is little, just can reach capacity in the short time, needs frequent clean, electricity silk discharge voltage and collecting plate voltage are lower, can not reach high efficiency control of dust and sterilizing efficiency, common this equipment needs auxiliary front mounted primary efficient filter screen and rearmounted ultraviolet disinfection etc. to reach the function of dedusting preferably and sterilization in use, utilize simultaneously preposition just effect filter screen (not being the roughing-efficiency plate filter that air-conditioning box carries) to protect the electrostatic precipitation district, preposition just effect filter screen has not only increased the air drag of device, also brought more maintenance clean work, rearmounted uviol lamp significantly increases cost and safeguards renewal cost, simultaneously also can cause more serious secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: the discharge of traditional electrical silk, and discharge voltage is lower, and during the surface attachment dust, the electricity silk is easily loosening, and guiding discharge is unstable, and spread of voltage easily produces ozone; And adopt the electricity silk as the electrostatic apparatus of discharge electrode, its cleaning needs a plurality of workflows such as medicaments immersion, hairbrush cleaning, cotton wiping, to prevent that simultaneously the electricity silk is in cleaning process Fracture or distortion, work difficulty and workload are all very large, the decline of outfit of equipment performance, and efficient is low, the control of dust space is little, the defectives such as the control of dust amount is little, and the cleaning frequency is short also can be brought larger trouble to the user.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is to provide a kind of for the electric discharge device in the electrostatic type air purification apparatus of central air conditioner system, comprises the anodal assembly of discharge and discharge negative pole assembly, and the anodal assembly of described discharge is acicular texture.Adopt the beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme to be, by improving discharge voltage, the highlyest can apply 12000V, continue Uniform Discharge, discharge electrode and Whole Equipment strong bonded, sturdy and durable, efficient is high and stable, the device cleaning process is simple, without any need for medicament and immersion process, can directly rinse by the withstanding pressure hydraulic giant.
The further described acicular texture of the present invention is to be made of discharge anode bar 3, spray point 2 and spray point needle point 1, and the front end of described discharge anode bar is connected with spray point, and described spray point needle point is positioned at spray point foremost.Adopt the beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme to be: the high-strength energy that the discharge of spray point needle point can produce, puncture its cell membrane, moment killing bacteria, and bacterium all is attached on particle, collecting plate is when catching dust, also killed bacterium is together adsorbed, and needle surface is smooth more is difficult for adhering to stickum, discharge more evenly, stable.
The further described discharge anode bar 3 of the present invention is copper rod, spray point 2 is the Buddha's warrior attendant pin, the spray point needle point processes and can reach the effect of optics rounding through the Seiko rounding, described copper rod and described Buddha's warrior attendant pin are mounted with together by the high pressure punch press is cold rolling, also can adopt other mode to fix, firm in structure, but the withstanding pressure hydraulic giant directly rinses.
The present invention also provides a kind of electrostatic type air purification apparatus, comprise housing 5, air inlet 15, air outlet, at least one has the discharging electrode assembly in independent plasma polarization district, ionization collection assembly of dust and the discharge positive electrode that at least one has accumulation area, acicular texture discharge positive electrode assembly passes ionization collection assembly of dust center and extends to beyond ionization collection assembly of dust end 14, the ionization collection assembly of dust is made of six wall types ionization collecting plates 4, can be also other five walls, seven walls, the shape of eight walls.The length of described ionization collecting plate 4 is 50 millimeters to 500 millimeters, distance between discharge anode bar and collecting plate is 5 millimeters to 20 millimeters, be preferably 11 millimeters, ionization collecting plate end 14 is 5 millimeters to 30 millimeters with the distance of back pressure positive plate 10, is preferably 23 millimeters.Improved the purification efficiency of Whole Equipment, the equipment cleaning frequency extends, and cleaning process is simple, does not want any medicament and immersion process, and directly water rinses and gets final product, and equipment can not be out of shape, and more can not affect normal operation.
Further, electrostatic type air purification apparatus also comprises having the back pressure positive plate 10 that can form the back pressure district, and described discharge anode bar end is fixed on back pressure positive plate 10, is distributed with hollow out circular hole 12 on described back pressure positive plate 10.back pressure positive plate 10 has the effect of conducting voltage and fixing discharge anode bar simultaneously, and overcome traditional for once adsorption cleaning process, in the higher situation of wind speed, the part harmful substance just might directly enter the air channel by accumulation area, air quality can not obtain good guarantee, the present invention adopts increases back pressure positive plate 10, can form a back pressure district electrostatic field, in the back pressure district, the charged particle thing will be subject to the opposite effect power (just repelling each other) from the back pressure positive plate, this a part of particle is pushed back accumulation area again realize second adsorption, thereby further improve purification efficiency
Further, the anodal assembly of described discharge is connected with the positive electrode 6 of housing 5 one sides by back pressure positive plate 10; Described discharge negative pole assembly is the ionization collecting plate, and described ionization collecting plate is connected with the negative electrode 7 of housing 5 one sides.
Further, described positive electrode 6 or described negative electrode 7 are the dim spot contact structure.Realize energising between adjacent electrostatic formula air cleaning unit module by the housed joint contact, simplified the overall structure of equipment, reduced the waste in space, reduced cost, improved the Practical Performance of equipment, be difficult for breaking down etc.
Further, described housing opposite side is provided with positive plate 8 or negative plate 9, and described positive plate 8 is connected with described back pressure positive plate 10, and negative plate 9 is connected with ionization collecting plate 4.
This electrostatic type air purification apparatus is compared with middle effect belt filter, has reduced the generation of non-degradable solid pollutant, has improved the overall performance of equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of acicular texture of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of electrostatic type air purification apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the profile of electrostatic type air purification apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the left view of the electrostatic air purifying apparatus of electrostatic air of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the right view of electrostatic type air purification apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the rearview of electrostatic type air purification apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the stereogram of electrostatic type air purification apparatus of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts of each label representative is as follows:
1, spray point needle point, 2, spray point, 3, the discharge anode bar, 4, six wall collecting plates, 5, the equipment housing, 6, housed joint contact positive electrode, 7, housed joint contact negative electrode, 8, positive plate, 9, negative plate, 10, back pressure positive plate, 11, nut, 12, hollow out circular hole, 13, back pressure district, 14, six wall collecting plate ends, 15, air inlet.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, principle of the present invention and feature are described, example only is used for explaining the present invention, is not be used to limiting scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the anodal assembly of acicular texture discharge comprises discharge anode bar 3, spray point 2, discharge needle point, and discharge anode bar front end is connected with spray point, and the discharge needle point is positioned at the front end of the positive pin of discharge.
As shown in Figure 2, the honeycomb six wall type structures of electrostatic novel air purifier, comprise housing, air inlet, air outlet, discharging electrode assembly, ionization collection assembly of dust, the anodal assembly that discharges is made of discharge anode bar 3, spray point 2 and spray point needle point 1, discharge anode bar front end is spray point fixedly, and the discharge needle point is positioned at spray point foremost; The anodal assembly that discharges passes ionization collection assembly of dust center, and the ionization collection assembly of dust is made of six wall types ionization collecting plates 4.
As shown in Figure 3, the anodal assembly that discharges passes ionization collection assembly of dust center and extends to ionization collecting plate end, and the end of discharge anode bar is fixed on the back pressure positive plate.
As shown in Figure 4, the anodal assembly of discharge is connected with the positive electrode of housing one side by the back pressure positive plate; Discharge negative pole assembly is the ionization collecting plate, and described ionization collecting plate is connected with the negative electrode of housing one side, and described positive electrode or described negative electricity be the dim spot contact structure very.
As shown in Figure 5, described housing opposite side is provided with positive plate and negative plate, and described positive plate is connected with described back pressure positive plate, and negative plate is connected with the ionization collecting plate.
As shown in Figure 6, hollow out circular hole back pressure positive plate, the circular hole hollow out is air outlet.
As shown in Figure 7, honeycomb six wall type electrostatic type air purification apparatus, comprise housing, air inlet, air outlet, discharge assembly, ionization collection assembly of dust, the discharge positive pole passes six wall type collecting plate centers and extends to outside the collecting plate end, the discharge anode bar is connected with the back pressure positive plate of rear side, the air outlet of described back pressure positive plate constituent apparatus.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of doing, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. electrostatic type air purification apparatus, comprise housing (5), air inlet (15), air outlet, at least one has the discharging electrode assembly in independent plasma polarization district, the ionization collection assembly of dust that at least one has accumulation area, it is characterized in that, also comprise electric discharge device, the anodal assembly of the discharge in described electric discharge device passes ionization collection assembly of dust center and extends to outside ionization collection assembly of dust end (14); Described electric discharge device comprises the anodal assembly of discharge and discharge negative pole assembly, and the anodal assembly of described discharge is acicular texture; Described acicular texture comprises: discharge anode bar (3), spray point (2) and spray point needle point (1), and the front end of described discharge anode bar is connected with spray point, and described spray point needle point is positioned at spray point foremost; Described ionization collection assembly of dust is made of six wall type ionization collecting plates (4);
Also comprise having the back pressure positive plate (10) that can form the back pressure district, described discharge anode bar end is fixed on back pressure positive plate (10), and is electrically connected to.
2. electrostatic type air purification apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is distributed with hollow out circular hole (12) on described back pressure positive plate (10).
3. electrostatic type air purification apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described discharge anode bar (3) is copper rod, and spray point (2) needle point is the Buddha's warrior attendant pin, and described copper rod is fixedly connected with described Buddha's warrior attendant pin.
4. electrostatic type air purification apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the anodal assembly of described discharge is connected with the positive electrode (6) of housing (5) one sides by back pressure positive plate (10); Described discharge negative pole assembly is ionization collecting plate (4), and described ionization collecting plate (4) is connected with the negative electrode (7) of housing (5) one sides.
5. electrostatic type air purification apparatus according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described positive electrode (6) or described negative electrode (7) are the dim spot contact structure.
6. electrostatic type air purification apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described housing opposite side is provided with positive plate (8) and negative plate (9), and described positive plate (8) is connected with described back pressure positive plate (10), and described negative plate (9) is connected with described ionization collecting plate (4).
CN 201110435128 2011-12-22 2011-12-22 Electrostatic air conditioner cleaner and electric discharge device Active CN102430479B (en)

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CN104028378B (en) * 2014-05-30 2017-04-05 刘延兵 A kind of method of employing negative oxygen ion big gun purify air
CN104437865A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-25 上海华兴数字科技有限公司 Low-ozone electrostatic equipment and indoor air purifier applying same
JP6103028B2 (en) * 2014-12-26 2017-03-29 ダイキン工業株式会社 Discharge unit
CN105583081B (en) * 2016-01-12 2017-10-27 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Electrostatic precipitator and the air conditioner with it
CN105797851A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-27 上海联金环保科技有限公司 Air purifier
CN106040430B (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-07-13 中国建筑科学研究院 Heat accumulation type honeycomb electrostatic filter and reciprocating type building ventilation device
CN108514954B (en) * 2018-03-23 2020-11-06 泗县田原秸秆回收再利用有限责任公司 Air purification device convenient to maintain
CN108709277A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-10-26 成都博特曼中央空调有限公司 The new wind turbine of wall hanging
CN109878300A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-06-14 王盈盈 A kind of automobile air purifying device
CN112657679B (en) * 2020-12-14 2022-09-23 上海士诺净化科技有限公司 Electrostatic dust collection module group
CN114744437B (en) * 2022-05-07 2024-01-16 高凯 Metering type safety socket capable of preventing electric shock

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH074558B2 (en) * 1991-04-17 1995-01-25 澤藤電機株式会社 Electric dust collector
CN2135400Y (en) * 1992-10-15 1993-06-09 成都轻工机械厂 High-voltage static electricity dust remover for air purifier
CN102357415B (en) * 2011-07-14 2014-04-16 宁波镁泰塑模科技有限公司 High voltage generating apparatus
CN202460840U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-10-03 杨全辉 Static air purifying device and discharging device

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