CN102399591A - Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace - Google Patents

Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102399591A
CN102399591A CN2011102971656A CN201110297165A CN102399591A CN 102399591 A CN102399591 A CN 102399591A CN 2011102971656 A CN2011102971656 A CN 2011102971656A CN 201110297165 A CN201110297165 A CN 201110297165A CN 102399591 A CN102399591 A CN 102399591A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
central air
garbage
air induction
heater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011102971656A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊祖鸿
陈勇
袁浩然
郭华芳
鲁涛
孙文明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGZHOU TIANZHI MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO LTD
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
Original Assignee
CHANGZHOU TIANZHI MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO LTD
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGZHOU TIANZHI MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO LTD, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS filed Critical CHANGZHOU TIANZHI MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO LTD
Priority to CN2011102971656A priority Critical patent/CN102399591A/en
Publication of CN102399591A publication Critical patent/CN102399591A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

The invention provides a middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace provided with one or more air inlet pipes, aiming at solving problems of smaller garbage processing scale and smaller diameter of a furnace body of the conventional garbage gasifying furnace. The middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace is provided with the furnace body and furnace legs, wherein a garbage charging opening and a pyrolytic gas outlet are arranged at the top of the furnace body, an air inlet pipe of a furnace wall and an air inlet hole of the furnace wall are arranged at the middle lower part of the furnace body, a grate and a bottom air inlet pipe are arranged at the bottom of the furnace body, and one or more central air inlet pipes are arranged in the furnace body. The invention has the advantages that: as the one or more central air inlet pipes can be selected to uniformly supply air according to the size of the diameter of the furnace body of the garbage gasifying furnace, all garbage in the furnace body can be in contact with sufficient air during the pyrolysis and gasification, so that a garbage gasifying furnace of a larger diameter can be designed and manufactured for an occasion with larger garbage processing quantity; and therefore, garbage processing capacity is improved, and continuity and efficiency of the garbage processing of the gasifying furnace are ensured.

Description

Middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of refuse treatment plant, particularly a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification installation.
Background technology
Along with society ground is constantly progressive, improve constantly civilization degree, people's environmental consciousness is constantly strengthened, and is therefore also increasingly high to the requirement of urban sanitation equipment.Rubbish is cleared up object as the city, and it is handled the living environment that whether rationally not only is directly connected to people, also can constitute potential impact to natural ecosystems.At present a large amount of municipal wastess all are to handle through large-scale landfill yard, can natural decomposition through the rubbish of landfill, but the soil consumption is big, and cause groundwater pollution easily; The way of the more environmental protection that the modern times are new is to come treating refuse through high temperature incineration or pyrolytic gasification, and is so not only cleaner, can also utilize the heat energy of waste incineration or gasification to generate electricity, and realizes the energy recovery utilization.
The refuse treatment ability of existing refuse pyrolysis gasifying process is generally lower, and its major cause is that refuse gasification boiler all is around adopting from the furnace wall and the fire grate bottom gas-feeding, when vapourizing furnace diameter less (garbage treatment quantity is less); The interior each several part of stove was to the demand of air capacity when this mode can satisfy the refuse pyrolysis gasification; But when vapourizing furnace diameter big (garbage treatment quantity is bigger), the air that is provided by wall and bottom just is difficult to reach the middle part, causes the interior rubbish of stove to be heated inhomogeneous; Be that rubbish is abundant near near the gasification the furnace wall and the fire grate; Temperature is higher, and the rubbish at furnace chamber middle part is difficult to gasification because of anoxic, and temperature is lower.So just caused the high place of temperature to accomplish pyrolytic gasification, and the still raw refuse of pyrolytic gasification (raw material) not of the low place of temperature; The overheated coking in the place that perhaps temperature is high, and the low ground of temperature begins pyrolysis just now.The generation of these situation will directly cause can't deslagging or deslagging not smooth, thereby make that rubbish can not continue to add and blowing out.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of middle Gas feeding vapourizing furnace that is provided with single or many inlet pipe, overcomes less, the furnace diameter problem of smaller of refuse treatment scale of conventional garbage vapourizing furnace.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of a kind of; Comprise body of heater and stove pin; Said body of heater top is provided with garbage inlet and pyrolysis gas outlet, and the body of heater middle and lower part is provided with furnace wall inlet pipe and furnace wall air inlet port, and bottom of furnace body is provided with fire grate and bottom inflow pipe; Innovative point of the present invention is: be provided with at least one central air induction pipe in the said body of heater, said central air induction pipe gets into body of heater from furnace roof.
Be provided with the vapourizing furnace of furnace wall air inlet port for body of heater in the prior art, said central air induction Guan Weiduan is positioned at air inlet port top, furnace wall.
Can be provided with equally distributed double central air induction hole on the end tube wall of said central air induction pipe.
If the single inlet pipe of above-mentioned central air induction pipe then is positioned on the body of heater axis; According to the big or small needs of furnace diameter, above-mentioned central air induction pipe can also be many inlet pipe, is the center uniform distribution with the body of heater axis, can be single circle and arrange, and also can be several concentric rings and arrange.These two kinds of distribution modes along the body of heater axis have guaranteed can evenly be passed into the intravital various piece of vapourizing furnace stove from the air that central inlet pipe feeds.
Benefit of the present invention is that the central air induction pipe can select single inlet pipe or the many even bubbling airs of inlet pipe for use according to vapourizing furnace furnace diameter size needs; Guaranteed rubbish when pyrolytic gasification in the body of heater each several part rubbish can both obtain enough air; Thereby guaranteed the homogeneity of pyrolytic gasification temperature in the vapourizing furnace; Make rubbish in the stove can both be under the ideal temperature pyrolytic gasification and be unlikely the generation that causes phenomenons such as blowing out because of formation coking too high or too low for temperature or half-cooked; And then can design, produce the bigger refuse gasification boiler of diameter and be used for the bigger occasion of garbage treatment quantity; Improve the refuse treatment ability, guarantee the continuity and the high efficiency of vapourizing furnace treating refuse.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the A place enlarged diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the section synoptic diagram as a result of embodiment 2.
Description of reference numerals: 1-stove pin; The 2-body of heater; The 3-garbage inlet; The 4-pyrolysis gas outlet; 5-furnace wall inlet pipe; 51-furnace wall air inlet port; The 6-fire grate; 7-bottom inflow pipe; 8-central air induction pipe; 81-central air induction hole.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment content of the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
Like Fig. 1, shown in 2, present embodiment comprises body of heater 2 and the stove pin 1 that is used for supporting body of heater 2.Body of heater 2 tops are provided with garbage inlet 3 and pyrolysis gas outlet 4; Body of heater 2 middle and lower parts are provided with furnace wall inlet pipe 5 and furnace wall air inlet port 51; Body of heater 2 bottoms are provided with fire grate 6 and bottom inflow pipe 7, are provided with the central air induction pipe 8 that gets into from the body of heater top in the body of heater 2, are single inlet pipe; Its installation site overlaps with body of heater 2 axis, also is provided with equally distributed double central air induction hole 81 on central air induction pipe 8 end tube walls.For the rubbish that makes pyrolysis section in the vapourizing furnace can both evenly gasify, central air induction pipe 8 positions, terminal air outlet and furnace wall air inlet port 51 are highly roughly the same, a little more than furnace wall air inlet port 51 level attitudes; The air outlet of bottom inflow pipe 7 that is positioned at fire grate 6 belows guarantees that towards the fire grate center question response rubbish of fire grate 6 tops as far as possible evenly obtains gasification air.Present embodiment can be given furnace wall inlet pipe 5, central air induction pipe 8 and bottom inflow pipe 7 air feed simultaneously by same air pump in use, and rubbish can obtain gasification air fully in the vapourizing furnace like this, guarantees that pyrolytic gasification carries out smoothly.
The results showed that the relation of throughput of the present invention and central air induction pipe number and furnace diameter is as shown in the table:
Sequence number The refuse pyrolysis treatment capacity (ton/hour) Central air induction pipe number (individual) Furnace diameter (mm)
1 0.3~0.5 0 1000~1500
2 3~4 1 2500~3500
3 6~7 4 4500~5500
4 9~10 7 6500~7500
Can obviously find out from last table; The present invention adopts the middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler of central air induction pipe; Not only increase furnace diameter, when garbage treatment quantity is significantly improved, also improved refuse treatment efficient; And along with increasing of central air induction pipe number, refuse treatment efficient also improves constantly.
Embodiment 2
Other structure of present embodiment is identical with embodiment 1, and difference is that central vapor pipe 8 is three inlet pipe.As shown in Figure 3, these three inlet pipe are the center uniform distribution with the axis of body of heater 2.The arrangement of many inlet pipe should guarantee that the inner air feed of burner hearth is even, and each place all has gas to supply with.
Obviously; Above-mentioned embodiment of the present invention only be for clearly the present invention is described and is done for example; And be not to be the qualification to embodiment of the present invention; For the those of ordinary skill in affiliated field, on the basis of above-mentioned explanation, can also be easy to make other pro forma variation or substitute, and these change or substitute and also will be included within the protection domain that the present invention confirms.

Claims (9)

1. middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler; Comprise body of heater and stove pin; Said body of heater top is provided with garbage inlet and pyrolysis gas outlet, and the body of heater middle and lower part is provided with furnace wall inlet pipe and furnace wall air inlet port, and bottom of furnace body is provided with fire grate and bottom inflow pipe; It is characterized in that: be provided with at least one central air induction pipe in the said body of heater, said central air induction pipe gets into body of heater from furnace roof.
2. Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe end is positioned at air inlet port top, said furnace wall.
3. according to claim 1 or claim 2 middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler, it is characterized in that: the end tube wall of said central air induction pipe is provided with equally distributed double central air induction hole.
4. according to claim 1 or claim 2 middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler, it is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe is single inlet pipe.
5. Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe is positioned on the axis of said body of heater.
6. according to claim 1 or claim 2 middle Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler, it is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe is many inlet pipe.
7. Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe is the center uniform distribution with the axis of said body of heater.
8. Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: said central air induction pipe is single circle arrangement or is a plurality of concentric rings to be arranged.
9. Gas feeding refuse gasification boiler in the middle of as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the air outlet of said bottom inflow pipe is positioned at said fire grate central position.
CN2011102971656A 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace Pending CN102399591A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011102971656A CN102399591A (en) 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011102971656A CN102399591A (en) 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102399591A true CN102399591A (en) 2012-04-04

Family

ID=45882253

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011102971656A Pending CN102399591A (en) 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102399591A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105215046A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 龚亚强 A kind of garbage as resource treatment process
CN106196082A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-07 河南华天环保科技有限公司 Multisection type clean efficiently domestic garbage pyrolysis gasification oven and technique
CN111690437A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-22 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Agriculture and forestry biomass gasification device suitable for easy slagging

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2497177Y (en) * 2001-08-29 2002-06-26 宋振声 Biomass environmental-protective energy-saving stove
CN1397763A (en) * 2002-08-29 2003-02-19 北京浩业达高新技术发展有限公司 Method and apparatus for treating garbage
CN2906375Y (en) * 2006-01-19 2007-05-30 清华大学 Coking and heating double-purpose furnace using biomass granular fuel
CN101338204A (en) * 2008-08-18 2009-01-07 北京乡电电力有限公司 Integration biomass gasification stove catalytic splitting process and device thereof
CN101475814A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 广州市宇联机电有限公司 Multi-directional air distribution fixed bed biomass gasification stoves
CN202297514U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-07-04 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Intermediate air supply type waste gasification furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2497177Y (en) * 2001-08-29 2002-06-26 宋振声 Biomass environmental-protective energy-saving stove
CN1397763A (en) * 2002-08-29 2003-02-19 北京浩业达高新技术发展有限公司 Method and apparatus for treating garbage
CN2906375Y (en) * 2006-01-19 2007-05-30 清华大学 Coking and heating double-purpose furnace using biomass granular fuel
CN101338204A (en) * 2008-08-18 2009-01-07 北京乡电电力有限公司 Integration biomass gasification stove catalytic splitting process and device thereof
CN101475814A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 广州市宇联机电有限公司 Multi-directional air distribution fixed bed biomass gasification stoves
CN202297514U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-07-04 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Intermediate air supply type waste gasification furnace

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105215046A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 龚亚强 A kind of garbage as resource treatment process
CN106196082A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-07 河南华天环保科技有限公司 Multisection type clean efficiently domestic garbage pyrolysis gasification oven and technique
CN106196082B (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-03-30 河南华天环保科技有限公司 Multisection type clean efficiently domestic garbage pyrolysis gasification oven and technique
CN111690437A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-22 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Agriculture and forestry biomass gasification device suitable for easy slagging
CN111690437B (en) * 2020-05-29 2021-05-28 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Agriculture and forestry biomass gasification device suitable for easy slagging

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105333439B (en) Secondary high-temperature gasification incineration system for garbage
CN110285430A (en) A kind of small-scale municipal sludge and house refuse cooperate with incineration treatment method
CN102277197B (en) Cracking furnace system of biomass garbage
CN101560408B (en) Gasification system of garbage and organic waste and device thereof
CN102274845A (en) Municipal refuse low-temperature oxygen-free carbonization system equipment and low-temperature oxygen-free carbonization revolving furnace therefor
CN105385465A (en) Garbage pyrolyzation device and method
CN102399591A (en) Middle air supply type garbage gasifying furnace
CN203923114U (en) External burner biomass gasifying furnace
CN202297514U (en) Intermediate air supply type waste gasification furnace
CN1101281C (en) Treating method for urban garbage and special equipment
CN202116517U (en) Biomass garbage cracking furnace system
CN209636164U (en) The organic solid waste in city couples desiccation pyrolysis gasification system
CN101538484B (en) Internal combustion heating rotation conical biomass gasification furnace
CN201276542Y (en) Gasification system and apparatus for garbage and organic wastes
CN102220173A (en) Biomass gasifier with fixing bed and air distribution process thereof
CN205447761U (en) Pyrolysis stove
CN202297513U (en) Combined type rubbish gasification furnace
CN205443186U (en) Garbage pyrolytic device
CN202303342U (en) Vacuum boiler for biomass particles
CN105733685B (en) Biomass gasifying furnace
CN204853502U (en) Domestic waste pyrolysis gas ization processing system
CN101560401A (en) Waste and biomass gasifier
CN102504869B (en) Combined solid waste gasifier
CN202229394U (en) Energy-saving emission-reducing fire tube boiler with stock bin
CN106433704A (en) System and method for pyrolysis of household refuses

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20120404