CN102357906B - Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates - Google Patents

Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102357906B
CN102357906B CN201110312614.XA CN201110312614A CN102357906B CN 102357906 B CN102357906 B CN 102357906B CN 201110312614 A CN201110312614 A CN 201110312614A CN 102357906 B CN102357906 B CN 102357906B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer chain
chinese dates
date
directed
chain
Prior art date
Application number
CN201110312614.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102357906A (en
Inventor
文怀兴
史鹏涛
王宁侠
刘言松
文婷
杨怀青
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陕西科技大学
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Application filed by 陕西科技大学 filed Critical 陕西科技大学
Priority to CN201110312614.XA priority Critical patent/CN102357906B/en
Publication of CN102357906A publication Critical patent/CN102357906A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102357906B publication Critical patent/CN102357906B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a rolling chain type conveyer, which is used for orientating and transporting Chinese dates, namely horizontally placing the Chinese dates along an axial direction and feeding in a parallel manner. A hairbrush on the upper part of a roller allows only one row of Chinese dates to pass through; a friction plate on the lower part of the roller is used for realizing rotation of the roller; two rows of chains and four rollers are used for positioning and clamping the Chinese dates when the kernels are removed, thereby providing a condition for punch kernel-removing; conveying, kernel-removing and slicing are driven by a same motor; synchronism is excellent; a centric slider crank mechanism is used as a kernel-removing mechanism; and after kernel-removed Chinese dates are moved to the tail end of a conveying chain, the Chinese dates are guided to move to a cutter slot type feeding wheel by an adjustable protecting plate and then are sliced by a blade, thereby forming a plurality of concentric annular slices. The integration of orientating, kernel-removing and slicing is realized.

Description

A kind of automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates
Technical field
The invention belongs to date processing unit (plant) technical field, particularly a kind of automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates.
Background technology
Date pulp plumpness, look delicious food is sweet, is rich in the nutrients such as protein, carbohydrate, vitamin, mineral matter, is beneficial gas, the health-care good product that nourishes blood, calm the nerves.But fresh fructus corni is crisp, in the links such as harvesting, packing, transportation, easily cause mechanical damage, in addition water content is large, generally compared with the hot season, plucking, causing jujube fruit to be difficult for preserving, be difficult for transportation, the shortcoming that short grade of shelf time cannot overcome, according to statistics, fresh jujube is every year because rotten quantity of losing is up to 20%~30%, and the fresh jujube of annual outlet only accounts for 1% of total output.Therefore when increasing is carried out fresh-keeping research to jujube, it is particularly important that the intensive processing of jujube shows.At present, Removing Kernel for Date, section are generally by manually completing or being completed by human assistance machinery, and labour intensity is large, and production efficiency is low, and automaticity is not high.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the present invention solves is to provide a kind of automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates, can automatically complete the job tasks such as orientation, conveying, stoning, section, has improved the automaticity of production efficiency and process.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates, comprise frame, frame is provided with directed conveyer chain, directed conveyer chain is provided with roller that can rotation, motor is by transmission system drives drive sprocket, and drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel and driven sprocket are connected by directed conveyer chain, above the section start of directed conveyer chain, is provided with hopper, the right side of hopper is provided with hairbrush, and is placed on directed conveyer chain;
Motor is by belt transmission driver slot wheel mechanism, the increasing speed gearing transmission being connected with Geneva mechanism drives directed conveyer chain to do intermittent movement, increasing speed gearing transmission also drives the driving-chain gear on driving shaft, driving-chain gear drives and clamps gear, clamp gear driven clamping conveyer chain and do intermittent movement, the roller clamping on conveyer chain and directed conveyer chain makes date location;
Motor is also by belt transmission, bevel gear driving slider-crank mechanism, and slider-crank mechanism is connected with drift, and at directed conveyer chain and clamping conveyer chain stopping period, drift is driven along guide rail to do linear reciprocating motion;
At the right-hand member of directed conveyer chain, the date being provided with in guide rolls drops into the adjustable backplate in rotatable cutter slot type drawing-inroller, and cutter slot type drawing-inroller is provided with cutter groove, and blade is cut into slices through cutter groove the date being transported to.
Described drive sprocket is bearing in frame by driving shaft, and intermediate chain wheel is bearing in frame by jackshaft, and driven sprocket is bearing in frame by driven shaft.
Date is positioned in hopper, and hairbrush is positioned at the top of roller, and the date in hopper is single after by hairbrush, and at the right part of hairbrush, date axis is consistent with roller axis, is horizontal positioned, and charging is parallel to each other.
Described directed conveyer chain is provided with the roller that multiple transverse horizontal are arranged, and the distance between adjacent rollers axis is 35~40mm mm, and date is single passing through between two rollers, and date travels forward under the drive of directed conveyer chain.
Below described roller, be provided with friction plate.
The intermittent movement of described directed conveyer chain is consistent with the speed of the intermittent movement of clamping conveyer chain.
Described adjustable backplate is connected with frame, and the distance between roller and adjustable backplate is adjustable.
The rotation of described cutter slot type drawing-inroller is driven by feed spool gear.
The speed of the intermittent movement speed of described directed conveyer chain and cutter slot type drawing-inroller adapts.
Described blade is fixed in frame by knife-clamping device.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following useful technique effect:
Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates provided by the invention, can integrate the flow charts such as the orientation of date, conveying, stoning, section, thereby supermaticly completes date deep processing;
Chain-linked conveyer is rolled in employing, completes the directed of date and carries, and date is placed along axis horizontal, and charging is parallel to each other; The hairbrush on roller top can only allow row's jujube pass through; The friction plate of roller bottom can be realized the rotation of roller;
Location, clamping during jujube stoning are completed by 4 rollers of two row chains, for drift stoning provides condition; Conveying, stoning, section are driven by a motor, and synchronism is good, and stoning mechanism adopts centric slider-crank mechanism;
The date of stoning moves to after conveyer chain end, is moved to the drawing-inroller of a cutter slot type by adjustable backplate guiding date, by blade, is cut into slices, and forms concentric ring sheet one by one.Realized the integrated of orientation, stoning, section.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is forward sight structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Wherein, the directed conveyer chain 17-of 1-hopper 2-roller 3-motor 4-drift 5-Geneva mechanism 6-increasing speed gearing transmission 7-driving-chain gear 8-feed spool gear 9-bevel gear 10-band transmission 11-feed spool 12-driving shaft 13-slider-crank mechanism 14-jackshaft 15-driven shaft 16-hairbrush 18-driven sprocket 19-intermediate chain wheel 20-clamps conveyer chain 21-and clamps the adjustable backplate 24-of gear 22-drive sprocket 23-cutter slot type drawing-inroller 25-blade 26-frame.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and the explanation of the invention is not limited.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates, comprise frame 26, frame 26 is provided with directed conveyer chain 16, and directed conveyer chain 16 is provided with roller 2 that can rotation, and motor 3 is by transmission system drives drive sprocket 22, drive sprocket 22, intermediate chain wheel 19 and driven sprocket 18 are connected by directed conveyer chain 16, above the section start of directed conveyer chain 16, be provided with hopper 1, the right side of hopper 1 is provided with hairbrush 17, and is placed on directed conveyer chain 16;
Motor 3 is by belt transmission driver slot wheel mechanism 5, the increasing speed gearing transmission 6 being connected with Geneva mechanism 5 drives directed conveyer chain 16 to do intermittent movement, increasing speed gearing transmission 6 also drives the driving-chain gear 7 on driving shaft 12, driving-chain gear 7 drives and clamps gear 21, clamp gear 21 and drive clamping conveyer chain 20 to do intermittent movement, clamp conveyer chain 20 and make date location with the roller 2 on directed conveyer chain 16;
Motor 3 is also by band transmission 10, bevel gear 9 driving crank slide block mechanisms 13, and slider-crank mechanism 13 is connected with drift 4, and at directed conveyer chain 16 and clamping conveyer chain 20 stopping periods, drift 4 is driven to do linear reciprocating motion along guide rail;
At the right-hand member of directed conveyer chain 16, the date being provided with in guide rolls 2 drops into the adjustable backplate 23 in rotatable cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24, and cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24 is provided with cutter groove, and blade 25 is cut into slices through cutter groove the date being transported to.
Above-mentioned automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates is distinguished from function:
Comprise blanking device, drive unit, directed conveying device, intermittent motion device, stoning device, means for communicating, slicing device composition, concrete structure is as follows:
Blanking device is by hopper 1 feed, and date is positioned in hopper 1; Directed conveyer chain 16 is provided with the roller 2 that multiple transverse horizontal are arranged, distance between adjacent rollers axis is 35~40mm, hairbrush 17 is positioned at the top of roller 2, date in hopper (1) is single after by hairbrush (17), and at the right part of hairbrush 17, date axis is consistent with roller 2 axis, be horizontal positioned, the charging that is parallel to each other, date is single passing through between two rollers 2, and date travels forward under the drive of directed conveyer chain 16.
Drive unit is by motor 3, decelerator, and band transmission 10 compositions such as grade, for stoning mechanism, Geneva mechanism 5, cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24 provide power, make chain transmission and stoning mechanism and 24 coordinated movements of various economic factors of cutter slot type drawing-inroller; Motor 3 drives power transmission shaft rotation by band transmission 10, thereby drive Geneva mechanism 5 to complete intermittent movement, by bevel-gear sett 9 driving crank slide block mechanisms 13, cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24 drives its rotation by the power from intermittent movement by increasing speed gearing transmission 6, driving shaft 12, driving-chain gear 7 (being fixed on driving shaft 12), feed spool gear 8 (being fixed on feed spool 11).
Directed, conveying device is comprised of directed conveyer chain 16, drive sprocket 22, driven sprocket 18, intermediate chain wheel 19, roller 2, hairbrush 17 etc.Drive sprocket 22 drives directed conveyer chain 16 to move, and by roller 2 and hairbrush 17, makes date single passing through between two rollers, and becomes transversely arranged, completes directed conveying function; Drive sprocket 22 is bearing in frame 26 by driving shaft 12, and intermediate chain wheel 19 is bearing in frame 26 by jackshaft 14, and driven sprocket 18 is bearing in frame 26 by driven shaft 15.
Intermittent motion mechanism is realized by Geneva mechanism 5, by increasing speed gearing transmission 6, drive directed conveyer chain 16 to realize intermittent movement, and drive clamping gear 21 to realize the intermittent movement that clamps conveyer chains 20 by driving-chain gear 7, and simultaneously and directed conveyer chain 16 location that completes date clamp and move, date row roller and clamping between conveyer chain 20 times row rollers on directed conveyer chain 16, the intermittent movement of directed conveyer chain 16 is consistent with the speed of the intermittent movement of clamping conveyer chain 20.
Stoning mechanism passes to slider-crank mechanism 13 by bevel-gear sett 9 motion, and slider-crank mechanism 13 drives drift 4 to do straight reciprocating motion along guide rail, realizes stoning action, and while rushing core, conveyer chain stops (Geneva mechanism 5 by intermittent movement completes).
Means for communicating is comprised of adjustable backplate 23 grades, curved adjustable backplate 23 is fixed in frame 26, by the space (this space can regulate according to the size of date) forming between adjustable backplate 23 and roller 2, by the guiding of adjustable backplate 23, it is original transversely arranged constant that date keeps, and directly drop in cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24, realize the material transmission between different operations.
Slicing device is comprised of cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24, blade 25, and feed spool gear 8 is bearing in frame 26 by feed spool 11.Cutter slot type drawing-inroller 24, by being with apertured cutter groove to form, drives its rotation by feed spool gear 8, together rotates with the date falling in groove, by the blade 25 being fixed on by knife-clamping device in frame 26, through cutter groove, date is cut into ring plate shape.

Claims (8)

1. an automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates, it is characterized in that, comprise frame (26), frame (26) is provided with directed conveyer chain (16), directed conveyer chain (16) is provided with multiple transversely arranged rollers (2) that can rotation, motor (3) is by transmission system drives drive sprocket (22), drive sprocket (22), intermediate chain wheel (19) is connected by directed conveyer chain (16) with driven sprocket (18), in the top of the section start of directed conveyer chain (16), be provided with hopper (1), the right side of hopper (1) is provided with hairbrush (17), and be placed on directed conveyer chain (16), distance between described adjacent rollers (2) axis is 35~40mm, and date is single passing through between two rollers (2), and date travels forward under the drive of directed conveyer chain (16),
Motor (3) is by belt transmission driver slot wheel mechanism (5), the increasing speed gearing transmission (6) being connected with Geneva mechanism (5) drives directed conveyer chain (16) to do intermittent movement, increasing speed gearing transmission (6) also drives the driving-chain gear (7) on driving shaft (12), driving-chain gear (7) drives and clamps gear (21), clamp gear (21) and drive clamping conveyer chain (20) to do intermittent movement, clamp conveyer chain (20) and make date location with the roller (2) on directed conveyer chain (16);
The intermittent movement of described directed conveyer chain (16) is consistent with the speed of the intermittent movement of clamping conveyer chain (20);
Motor (3) is also by band transmission (10), bevel gear (9) driving crank slide block mechanism (13), slider-crank mechanism (13) is connected with drift (4), at directed conveyer chain (16) and clamping conveyer chain (20) stopping period, drift (4) is driven along guide rail to do linear reciprocating motion;
At the right-hand member of directed conveyer chain (16), the date being provided with in guide rolls (2) drops into the adjustable backplate (23) in rotatable cutter slot type drawing-inroller (24), cutter slot type drawing-inroller (24) is provided with cutter groove, and blade (25) is cut into slices through cutter groove the date being transported to.
2. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drive sprocket (22) is bearing in frame (26) by driving shaft (12), it is upper that intermediate chain wheel (19) is bearing in frame (26) by jackshaft (14), and driven sprocket (18) is bearing in frame (26) by driven shaft (15).
3. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, date is positioned in hopper (1), hairbrush (17) is positioned at the top of roller (2), date in hopper (1) is single after by hairbrush (17), and at the right part of hairbrush (17), date axis is consistent with roller (2) axis, be horizontal positioned, charging is parallel to each other.
4. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described roller (2) is provided with friction plate below.
5. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described adjustable backplate (23) is connected with frame (26), and the distance between roller (2) and adjustable backplate (23) is adjustable.
6. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the rotation of described cutter slot type drawing-inroller (24) is driven by feed spool gear (8).
7. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the intermittent movement speed of described directed conveyer chain (16) and the rotary speed of cutter slot type drawing-inroller (24) adapt.
8. automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described blade (25) is fixed in frame (26) by knife-clamping device.
CN201110312614.XA 2011-10-15 2011-10-15 Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates CN102357906B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110312614.XA CN102357906B (en) 2011-10-15 2011-10-15 Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110312614.XA CN102357906B (en) 2011-10-15 2011-10-15 Automatic kernel-removing slicing machine for Chinese dates

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CN102357906A CN102357906A (en) 2012-02-22
CN102357906B true CN102357906B (en) 2014-04-16

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Families Citing this family (11)

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CN102825620B (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-09-24 华中科技大学 Automatic vegetable chopper
CN103082378B (en) * 2013-01-25 2015-01-07 陕西科技大学 Full-automatic Chinese-date vertical type date pit removing and slicing all-in-one machine
CN103798915B (en) * 2014-03-10 2015-10-07 江苏楷益智能科技有限公司 A kind of Removing Kernel for Date section all-in-one
CN103976458B (en) * 2014-05-16 2015-12-02 陕西科技大学 Removing Kernel for Date positioner
CN106891373B (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-10-09 长江师范学院 One kind having core fruit process chopper and slicer
CN106889633B (en) * 2017-02-21 2020-04-07 长江师范学院 Drupe fruit slicing processing method
CN108246700B (en) * 2018-01-31 2021-01-22 青岛市第五人民医院 Chinese-medicinal material washs drying device
CN108902997A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-30 李义飞 Jujube is enucleated chopper and slicer
CN108783473A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-13 李义飞 A kind of jujube processing unit (plant)
CN108902996A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-30 李义飞 Jujube stoning slice all-in-one machine
CN108745938A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-06 李义飞 A kind of red date processing device

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Effective date of registration: 20201202

Address after: Qidong City, Jiangsu province 226200 Nantong lvsigang Tianfen electric tools trade city comprehensive building

Patentee after: QIDONG TIANFEN ELECTRIC TOOL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION CENTER

Address before: 710021 Shaanxi province Xi'an Weiyang University Park No. 1

Patentee before: SHAANXI University OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY