CN102314747A - Disaster monitoring system and monitoring method - Google Patents

Disaster monitoring system and monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102314747A
CN102314747A CN2010102163217A CN201010216321A CN102314747A CN 102314747 A CN102314747 A CN 102314747A CN 2010102163217 A CN2010102163217 A CN 2010102163217A CN 201010216321 A CN201010216321 A CN 201010216321A CN 102314747 A CN102314747 A CN 102314747A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
signal
disaster
digital signal
under test
simulating
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010102163217A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈杰良
赖志成
Original Assignee
鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司
鸿海精密工业股份有限公司
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Application filed by 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司, 鸿海精密工业股份有限公司 filed Critical 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司
Priority to CN2010102163217A priority Critical patent/CN102314747A/en
Publication of CN102314747A publication Critical patent/CN102314747A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a disaster monitoring system, which comprises a near-end sensing module and a remote monitoring module. The near-end sensing module comprises a plurality of sensors for sensing an object to be sensed to obtain a sensing signal, a first digital signal processor for converting the sensing signal to obtain an analog signal to be transmitted and a transmitter for transmitting the analog signal. The remote monitoring module comprises a receiver for receiving the analog signal, a second digital signal processor for converting the analog signal to a digital signal, a storage device for storing the digital signal, a processor for processing the digital signal to obtain a warning signal and a warning device for issuing an alarm according to the warning signal. The invention also relates to a disaster monitoring method.

Description

Disaster supervisory system and method for supervising
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of supervisory system and method for supervising, relate in particular to a kind of disaster supervisory system and method that disaster is monitored.
Background technology
Nowadays, typhoon, mountain torrents, earthquake, nature such as fire and man-made disaster take place frequently, and then possibly caused a tremendous loss of lives and property loss by the caused landslide of this type disaster, building collapsing etc.Owing to lack necessary monitoring and early warning measure, be difficult to the naked eye find out sign before landslide and the building collapsing, in case therefore disaster takes place, will cause mass casualties and property loss to avoid.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, be necessary to provide a kind of disaster supervisory system and the disaster method for supervising that can monitor disaster.
A kind of disaster supervisory system; Be used for the object under test in easy generation disaster place is monitored; Comprise a near-end sensing module and a remote monitoring module; Said near-end sensing module is arranged in the said object under test, and said near-end sensing module and said remote monitoring module are with wireless mode communication.Said near-end sensing module comprises a plurality of sensors, first digital signal processor that links to each other with said signal amplifier and one and said signal projector.Said remote monitoring module comprises a receiver, one second digital signal processor, a storer, a processor and an alarming device.Said sensor is used for the state variation of the said object under test of sensing, obtains detection signal.Said first digital signal processor is used for said detection signal is changed, and obtains the simulating signal that is used to launch.Said transmitter is used for said simulating signal is launched with wireless mode, and said receiver is used to receive the simulating signal of said transmitter emission.It is digital signal that said second digital signal processor is used for said analog signal conversion.Said storer is used to store the digital signal after the said conversion.Said processor is used to read said digital signal, and said digital signal is analyzed, handled, and obtains alarm signal.Said alarming device is used for sending corresponding caution according to the information warning of said alarm signal.
A kind of method for supervising that adopts said disaster supervisory system to carry out the disaster monitoring, it comprises the steps:
The detecting object under test, and obtain detection signal;
Said detection signal is handled, obtained the simulating signal that is used to send;
Send said simulating signal;
Receive said simulating signal;
Said simulating signal is handled, said analog signal conversion is obtained corresponding digital signal through mould/number conversion;
Store said digital signal;
Said digital signal is handled, analyzed, according to the alarm signal of handling, analysis result obtains correspondence.
If said alarm signal is a normal state signal, then do not warn, return the step of detecting object under test;
If said alarm signal is an emergency circumstance signal, then confirm the rank of said emergency circumstance signal according to said emergency circumstance signal;
According to said emergency circumstance signal rank, make corresponding caution, return the step of detecting object under test afterwards.
Described disaster supervisory system and disaster method for supervising can be monitored the object under test that is prone to the generation disaster in real time; And, disaster makes caution when might taking place; Therefore can learn imminent position of disaster and degree in advance; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures is taked in place to being about to take place disaster, therefore can reduce the risk that disaster takes place, and reduces casualties and property loss that disaster caused.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram of disaster supervisory system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the detecting synoptic diagram of the detector of disaster supervisory system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of disaster method for supervising of the present invention.
The main element symbol description
Disaster supervisory system 100
Near-end sensing module 10
Sensor 11
Acceleration transducer 111
Gyroscope 112
Signal amplifier 12
First digital signal processor 13
Transmitter 14
Remote monitoring module 20
Receiver 21
Second digital signal processor 22
Storer 23
Processor 24
Alarming device 25
Embodiment
To combine accompanying drawing that the present invention is done one below specifically introduces.
See also Fig. 1; Be depicted as the synoptic diagram of disaster supervisory system 100 of the present invention; Said disaster supervisory system 100 comprises a near-end sensing module 10 1 and a remote monitoring module 20, can carry out radio communication between said near-end sensing module 10 and the said remote monitoring module 20.
Said near-end sensing module 10 is fixedly set in the object under test (figure does not show), and with the motion of the said object under test of sensing, said object under test can be massif or buildings.Said near-end sensing module 10 comprises a plurality of sensors 11; 13 and transmitters 14 that link to each other with said first digital signal processor 13 of 12, one first digital signal processors that link to each other with said signal amplifier 12 of signal amplifier (DSP:DigitalSignal Processor) that link to each other with said a plurality of sensors 11.
Said sensor 11 is used for the state variation of the said object under test of sensing, comprises inclination, relative motion, STRESS VARIATION etc.Said sensor 11 comprises acceleration transducer 111 and gyroscope 112, sees also Fig. 2, and said acceleration transducer 111 is used for sensing and wears the acceleration a of survey object 200 in three dimensions x, a y, a z, obtain the acceleration situation of object under test 200, comprise acceleration magnitude and direction.Said gyroscope 112 is used for the angular velocity varies amount ω of the said object under test 200 of sensing in three dimensions Xy, ψ Zx, to obtain the moving situation of object under test 200, comprising pitching (Pitch), (Roll) sidewindered in deflection (Yaw).The sensor of being made up of said acceleration transducer 111 and said gyroscope 112 11 can comprehensively be detected the acceleration situation of object under test 200 and actual state that moving situation obtains object under test 200 and produce corresponding detection signal.In this embodiment, said acceleration transducer 111 is MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) acceleration transducer, and said gyroscope 112 is the MEMS gyroscope.
The quantity of said sensor 11 is looked object under test and is decided; Can reflect that with data the actual state of object under test is good by said sensor 11 gained; For example, if said object under test is a massif, then said sensor 11 can be on said massif stone matter soft; The position of disasters such as the avalanche of easy generation massif, landslide is done to be provided with more, perhaps is not provided with and do setting less in the difficult position that disaster takes place of said massif; If said object under test is a buildings, said sensor 11 can be arranged on the surroundings wall of said buildings.
Said signal amplifier 12 is used for said detection signal amplification and the detection signal after will amplifying transfers to said first digital signal processor 13.
Said first digital signal processor 13 is used for converting said detection signal into digital signal, is analog signal transmission to said transmitter with said digital conversion again.
The simulating signal that said transmitter 14 is used for said first digital signal processor 13 is changed is to said remote monitoring module 20 emissions.
Said remote monitoring module 20 can be arranged in the Control Room (figure does not show) away from said object under test, is used to receive and analyze, handles the simulating signal that said transmitter is launched.Said remote monitoring module 20 comprises a receiver 21; Second digital signal processor 22 that links to each other with said receiver 21; 23, one processors 24 that link to each other with said storer 23 of a storer that links to each other with said second digital signal processor 22 and an alarming device 25 that links to each other with said processor 24.
Said receiver 21 is used to receive the simulating signal of said transmitter 14 emissions, and with said analog signal transmission to said second digital signal processor 22.
It is digital signal that said second digital signal processor 22 is used for said analog signal conversion, and the digital data transmission after will changing is to said storer 23 storages.
Said processor 24 is analyzed, is handled said digital signal through visiting said storer 23 to read said digital signal, obtains the current actual state of object under test, and sends alarm signals according to analysis, result to said alarming device 25.According to analysis, result; Said alarm signal can be divided into normal state signal and emergency circumstance signal; For example; If analysis result is said massif or buildings does not have the disaster risk then said alarm signal is a normal state signal,, analysis result the disaster risk is arranged then said alarm signal is an emergency circumstance signal if being said massif or buildings.Generally speaking, said emergency circumstance signal packet contains disaster place and disaster degree information, further, and can be with the classification of said emergency circumstance signal, to distinguish urgency level and disaster degree.
Said alarming device 25 is used to receive said alarm signal, and with the said information warning that converts sound, image or image and modes such as acoustic phase combines into, to warn relevant monitor staff.Said alarming device 25 can be display or loudspeaker, perhaps display and loudspeaker.Said alarming device can only be warned said emergency circumstance signal; And do not respond said normal state signal; And said alarming device can be according to the rank of said emergency circumstance signal and the disaster location information in the emergency circumstance signal; Warn together with sound with different pictures, sound or picture respectively, take corresponding prophylactico-therapeutic measures so that the monitor staff can do according to said disaster scenarios it.
See also Fig. 3, be the process flow diagram of the disaster method for supervising of using said disaster supervisory system 100.
S31, the detecting object under test, and obtain detection signal.Said detecting comprises to be detected the acceleration situation and the moving situation of object under test, to obtain the actual state of object under test;
S32 amplifies said detection signal;
S33 handles the detection signal after amplifying, and obtains the simulating signal that is used to send.In this embodiment, said detection signal is a simulating signal, and said simulating signal converts digital signal into through mould/number conversion earlier, said digital signal is converted into be converted to the corresponding simulating signal that is used to transmit again;
S34 sends said simulating signal;
S35 receives said simulating signal;
S36 handles said simulating signal, and said analog signal conversion is obtained corresponding digital signal through mould/number conversion;
S37 stores said digital signal;
S38 handles, analyzes said digital signal, according to the alarm signal of handling, analysis result obtains correspondence.Information according to said digital signal representative; Said alarm signal is divided into normal state signal and emergency circumstance signal; Said emergency circumstance signal is divided into different ranks again, and the emergency circumstance of different stage is represented different disaster degree and urgency level respectively.
S391 if said alarm signal is a normal state signal, does not then warn, and directly returns step S31;
S392 if said alarm signal is an emergency circumstance signal, confirms the rank of said emergency circumstance signal;
S393 according to said emergency circumstance signal rank, makes corresponding caution, returns step S31 afterwards.
Described disaster supervisory system and disaster method for supervising can be monitored the object under test that is prone to the generation disaster in real time; And, disaster makes caution when might taking place; Therefore can learn imminent position of disaster and degree in advance; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures is taked in place to being about to take place disaster, therefore can reduce the risk that disaster takes place, and reduces casualties and property loss that disaster caused.
In addition, those skilled in the art also can do other variation in spirit of the present invention, and certainly, these all should be included within the present invention's scope required for protection according to the variation that the present invention's spirit is done.

Claims (10)

1. a disaster supervisory system is used for the object under test in easy generation disaster place is monitored, and comprises a near-end sensing module and a remote monitoring module; Said near-end sensing module is arranged on the said object under test, and said near-end sensing module and said remote monitoring module are with wireless mode communication, and said near-end sensing module comprises a plurality of sensors; One first digital signal processor and a transmitter, said remote monitoring module comprises a receiver, one second digital signal processor; A storer, a processor and an alarming device, said sensor is used for the state variation of the said object under test of sensing; Obtain detection signal, said first digital signal processor is used for said detection signal is changed, and obtains the simulating signal that is used to launch; Said transmitter is used for said simulating signal is launched with wireless mode; Said receiver is used to receive the simulating signal of said transmitter emission, and it is digital signal that said second digital signal processor is used for said analog signal conversion, and said storer is used to store the digital signal after the said conversion; Said processor is used to read said digital signal; Said digital signal is analyzed, handled, obtain alarm signal, said alarming device is used for sending corresponding caution according to the information warning of said alarm signal.
2. disaster supervisory system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said sensor comprises acceleration transducer and gyroscope; Said acceleration transducer is used for the acceleration of sensing object under test in three dimensions, and said gyroscope is used for the angular velocity varies amount of sensing object under test in three dimensions.
3. disaster supervisory system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: said acceleration transducer is the MEMS acceleration transducer, and said gyroscope is the MEMS gyroscope.
4. disaster supervisory system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said alarming device is the combination of display or loudspeaker or display and display.
5. disaster supervisory system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said alarm signal is divided into normal state signal and emergency circumstance signal; Said alarm signal includes disaster place and disaster degree information; Said emergency circumstance signal is distinguished urgency level and disaster degree with rank; Said alarming device only responds said emergency circumstance signal, and according to the rank of said emergency circumstance signal and the disaster location information in the emergency circumstance signal, sends corresponding difference caution respectively.
6. disaster supervisory system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said near-end sensing module comprises a signal amplifier; Said signal amplifier is used for said detection signal is amplified, and the detection signal after will amplifying transfers to said first digital processing unit.
7. disaster method for supervising, it comprises the steps:
The detecting object under test, and obtain detection signal;
Said detection signal is handled, obtained the simulating signal that is used to send;
Send said simulating signal;
Receive said simulating signal;
Said simulating signal is handled, said analog signal conversion is obtained corresponding digital signal through mould/number conversion;
Store said digital signal;
Said digital signal is handled, analyzed, according to the alarm signal of handling, analysis result obtains correspondence;
If said alarm signal is a normal state signal, then do not warn, return the step of detecting object under test;
If said alarm signal is an emergency circumstance signal, then confirm the rank of said emergency circumstance signal according to said emergency circumstance signal;
According to said emergency circumstance signal rank, make corresponding caution, return the step of detecting object under test afterwards.
8. disaster method for supervising as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: also comprise said detection signal is amplified, the detection signal after the said amplification is handled again, obtain the simulating signal that is used to send.
9. disaster method for supervising as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: said detection signal is a simulating signal, and said simulating signal obtains digital signal through mould/number conversion earlier, more said digital signal is converted to the corresponding simulating signal that is used to transmit.
10. disaster method for supervising as claimed in claim 7; It is characterized in that: according to the information of said digital signal representative; Said alarm signal is divided into normal state signal and emergency circumstance signal, and said emergency circumstance signal is distinguished different disaster degree and urgency level with different stage.
CN2010102163217A 2010-07-02 2010-07-02 Disaster monitoring system and monitoring method CN102314747A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104794860A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-22 孟祥玉 Mountain landslide monitoring and warning device based on technology of Internet of things and control method thereof
CN104916077A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 江西理工大学 Remote on-line monitoring and early warning system for stability of ion type rare earth slope
CN105825637A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-03 罗小府 Automatic landslide debris flow alarm device
CN106405673A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-02-15 唐明贤 Earthquake rescue aid

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CN1516368A (en) * 2003-08-27 2004-07-28 梁堂振 Transmitting and receiving system modulated by usnig analog envelope digital code and its method
CN101256095A (en) * 2007-03-01 2008-09-03 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Pipe safety prewarning monitoring system
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CN101625416A (en) * 2008-07-08 2010-01-13 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Earthquake early warning system for buildings
CN101726752A (en) * 2008-10-23 2010-06-09 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Earthquake monitoring system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1516368A (en) * 2003-08-27 2004-07-28 梁堂振 Transmitting and receiving system modulated by usnig analog envelope digital code and its method
CN101256095A (en) * 2007-03-01 2008-09-03 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Pipe safety prewarning monitoring system
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104794860A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-22 孟祥玉 Mountain landslide monitoring and warning device based on technology of Internet of things and control method thereof
CN104794860B (en) * 2015-04-24 2017-08-25 孟祥玉 Mountain landslide supervision prior-warning device and its control method based on technology of Internet of things
CN104916077A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 江西理工大学 Remote on-line monitoring and early warning system for stability of ion type rare earth slope
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CN105825637A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-03 罗小府 Automatic landslide debris flow alarm device
CN106405673A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-02-15 唐明贤 Earthquake rescue aid

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