CN102306449A - Intelligent static traffic management system for urban road - Google Patents

Intelligent static traffic management system for urban road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102306449A
CN102306449A CN201110157978A CN201110157978A CN102306449A CN 102306449 A CN102306449 A CN 102306449A CN 201110157978 A CN201110157978 A CN 201110157978A CN 201110157978 A CN201110157978 A CN 201110157978A CN 102306449 A CN102306449 A CN 102306449A
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China
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parking
management
data
information
company
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CN201110157978A
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Chinese (zh)
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隋亚刚
黄卫
魏运
郭建华
夏井新
陆振波
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隋亚刚
黄卫
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Priority to CN201110157978A priority Critical patent/CN102306449A/en
Publication of CN102306449A publication Critical patent/CN102306449A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent static traffic management system for an urban road. The system generally comprises a central control layer, a network service layer, a parking company management layer and a field control layer, wherein the field control layer is used for realizing acquisition, release and management of field data and comprises a roadside parking system, an off-road parking system, a parking monitoring system and a parking guidance system; a network transmission layer is used for providing data transmission service; the parking company management layer is used for managing a parking lot to which the company belongs, storing and counting data and the like; the central control layer comprises an urban traffic management central control platform and a bank charge control platform, wherein the urban traffic management central control platform is used for storing, counting, analyzing, processing and displaying the data; and the bank charge control platform is used for charging and transferring expense of a bank card payment mode.

Description

Urban road static traffic intelligent management system
Technical field
The invention belongs to intelligent transportation field, relate in particular to the static traffic management system that a kind of PDA of utilization and tree peony transportation card mode realize intelligent parking management.
Background technology
At present domestic a lot of big cities have got into urbanization, modernization, motorization, internationalization fast-developing stack period, and are the same with all in the world big cities, how better to be faced with the transport solution problem jointly.With Beijing is example, and in recent years along with the capital rapid economy development, transport need increases severely, and Beijing motor vehicle has reached 4,500,000 at present, and growth rate is surprising.2005 to 2009, Beijing vehicle guaranteeding organic quantity is average annual to increase about 360,000, and average annual growth rate reaches 11.7%.Compare with other big city motor vehicles growths of the world; Pekinese's situation is severe more; Motor vehicle increases " three height " situation that presents " high-speed growth, high strength use, high density are gathered "; Beijing motor vehicle concentrates on more than 80% in six rings, and Cheng Si district car per family is 1.8 times of equal comparable zone, Paris, 2.3 times of New York.Data show that motor vehicle increases to 2,000,000,6 years 6 months Beijing time spent, 5 years Tokyo times spent from 1,000,000; Motor vehicle increases to 3,000,000,3 years 6 months Beijing time spent, 10 years Tokyo times spent from 2,000,000; Motor vehicle increases to 4,000,000,2 years 7 months Beijing time spent, 12 years Tokyo times spent from 3,000,000.Estimate that Beijing motor vehicle total amount possibly break through 7,000,000 in 2015.And the road traffic construction can not be with the growth of motor vehicle geometric series, and therefore, blocking up of Beijing road traffic is ubiquitous, and is at all times.A series of social environment contradictions such as environmental pollution, energy resource consumption and trip psychological stress, evil moodization have also been brought thus.The certificate measuring and calculating whenever has a net increase of 1,000,000 cars, and needing increases by 2,820,000 truck kilometer road network capacity, is equivalent to 30% of the interior road network capacity of whole three rings, five rings inner capacities; Needing increases by 30 square kilometres of parking areas, is equivalent to the half the of two ring inner areas, increases by 13.5 hundred million liters of fuel consumes every year at least.The growth of motor vehicle has more brought highlighting of urban static traffic problem of management.By international city's construction experiences, parking stall, city and car recoverable amount comparatively rational proportion should be 1.2: 1 (100% basic parking stall and 20% public parking position).Beijing should have 5,400,000 on parking stall at least.By the end of the year 2009, the whole city, Beijing 3299 families of total parking distributors, 127.8 ten thousand on operational parking lot (storehouse) 5400, operational parking stall comprise 6.3 ten thousand of Roadside Parking positions.Investigation shows, the eight districts of the city parking stall breach of only living just reaches 380,000.Because the shortage of this parking supply; Parking contradiction is very sharp-pointed; A lot of sub-districts are not because of there being enough parking stalls; A lot of vehicles are compelled to be extruded into places such as the road both sides sub-district outside, greenery patches, sub-district, private peace ground lock, ties up neighbourhood's dispute, vehicle that parking problems such as lawn, the stifled road of road occupying cause and scratches not within minorityly, and the public order incident and the violent conflict of parking problem initiation also happen occasionally.Vehicle can't fast running and is parked, and has aggravated traffic congestion again, and has caused a series of social concerns." parking difficulty " also brought potential safety hazard.The sub-district internal channel stops and causes fire truck, ambulance can't arrive at the scene fast.Road occupation for parking then forces the stream of people, bicycle flow to clamp-on motor-driven wagon flow outside the sub-district, is prone to cause traffic hazard.The static traffic management has become the persistent ailment in the control of traffic and road.Analyze its reason, parking " confession ", " need " contradiction are the basic reasons that causes Beijing parking difficulty.And its weak point is arranged especially for the management of stopping, and particularly for the Roadside Parking management, government lacks regulatory measure, and information-based means are low, manage not in placely, and it is lack of standardization to stop, and it is general that unrest violating the regulations stops phenomenon, and many drawbacks have appearred in the labor management pattern.Cause static traffic that urban dynamic traffic is more and more significantly influenced, the parking management of this extensive style can not adapt to motorization development at a high speed.For improving the utilization ratio of curb parking; The standard parking behavior, needs are carried out the charging policy of advanced management means and differentiation, and present each driver of Beijing mandatory requirement carries the tree peony transportation card; This jig has outside driver's Back ground Information; Also support to pay the fees function, and can overdraw that this just lays a good foundation for the construction of native system.Given this; It is significant that in time layout is built Beijing intelligent parking management system; Use mechanics of communication of new generation, network technology, radio-frequency card technology etc. and realize scientific, the high efficiency and the intellectuality of Beijing parking managements; Improve the utilization ratio on parking stall, alleviate traffic congestion and have important practical significance and necessity.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of urban road static traffic intelligent management system, change existing extensive management drawback, improve the utilization ratio and the turnover rate on parking stall, thereby stopping at release is difficult, the management difficult, supervision is difficult, law enforcement difficulty and information sharing difficulty.
For achieving the above object, technical solution of the present invention is:
A kind of urban road static traffic intelligent management system comprises center key-course, web services layer, company management's layer and field control layer; Company management's layer is connected through web services layer with the center key-course, carries out data transmission, can carry out data transmission, and reads the data message of the field control layer that relates to our company; Field control layer is connected through web services layer with the center key-course, can carry out data transmission, and field data is uploaded to the center key-course;
A) said center key-course comprises city traffic control center control platform and bank charge system;
City traffic control center control platform comprises: these four types of servers of front server, data server, application server and law enforcement data device, and static traffic management work station; Intermediate server, data server, application server, law enforcement data device are connected through internal network with the static traffic management work station;
Front server is used for data allocations with temporary, and data server is supported the statistical study management of sound attitude data and the storage and the conversion of data; The issue of application server support information, inquire about and induce service; Law enforcement data device support supervision module and the improper evidence obtaining module of stopping; The static traffic management work station adopts the mode of B/S to realize the management of car parking department to parking information;
Bank charge control platform comprises bank main, and said front server connects bank main through bank's private network; Bank charge control platform is used for the fee of the bank card modes of payments and transfers;
B) said transport network layer is used to provide data transport service;
C) said company management layer is that trackside management company and off road parking management company provide toll administration of company level, information gathering and supervision control service;
Company management's layer comprises a plurality of Roadside Parking systems of management company and system of a plurality of off road parking management company; Each system of Roadside Parking management company has Roadside Parking central control system of company level;
System of Roadside Parking management company comprises data server, swap server, application server, charging server and central server; The management of the management of data server support static information, parking lot and personnel's attribute information management, trackside parking stall condition discrimination module, induction information; The charge data server is supported trackside charge module; Application server is supported other application management module of parking management system; Swap server is supported the information exchange functions of Roadside Parking management company and city traffic control center control platform and field control layer; Central server is supported the storage and the conversion of data analysis management and data;
Roadside Parking company also can only be provided with the PC terminal, connects city traffic control center control platform through the VPN network, reads the back-stage management data;
D) said field control layer comprises Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, off road parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, parking supervisory systems and parking guidance system;
The Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM comprises a plurality of terminal devices; These terminal devices carry out data transmission through web services layer and system of Roadside Parking management company; With collection in worksite to parking information data etc. be uploaded to said central control system, and the information that provides of issue central control system;
The off road parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is through network and the system communication of off road parking management company; System of off road parking management company transfers to traffic control center control platform in city with the static attribute information and the dynamic parking space information of off road parking company through web services layer, supports for parking guidance system provides data;
The parking supervisory systems comprises a plurality of terminal devices, is used to provide into the supervision of a parking management and non-go into the supervision of stopping in the position;
Parking guidance system is issued parking information, and is accepted inquiry service through transport network layer and city traffic control center control platform.
Web services layer comprises the equipment such as gateway, router and fender wall of system.
Parking guidance system is induced screen issue parking information through network, mobile phone and static state, and accepts inquiry service.
The terminal device of said Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is parking management person PDA, and these PDA connect city traffic control center control platform through web services layer.
The terminal device of Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is parking management person PDA, and this PDA is that the parking attendant is used, is used for the parking service management, comprises parking stall occupied information collection submodule, Car park payment submodule, static traffic service submodule;
The terminal device of parking supervisory systems is for going into position parking supervision PDA and illegal parking supervision PDA;
Go into the position supervision PDA that stops, be used for parking management person is supervised, the parking space information of being gathered and institute's information of stopping are uploaded to city traffic control center control platform through wireless network, compare realization parking management person's supervision with parking management information;
Illegal parking supervision PDA is used for roadside illegal parking behavior is supervised, and gathers the illegal parking pictorial information, and is uploaded to city traffic control center control platform law enforcement server, realizes the intellectuality supervision to illegal parking.
Roadside Parking management system and off road parking management system, functional module comprises:
Parking stall administration module: mainly be responsible for the management of the affiliated parking space information of our company, obtain real-time parking stall occupied information;
Toll administration: upload information down time by the site administrator through terminal device, through with the message exchange of financial institution, realize paying in real time of parking fee;
Parking stall supervision: compare through supervisor's information of uploading and keeper's pay imformation, realize supervision to parking management person;
Data analysis: carry out this affiliated company parking stall data statistics, and carry out uploading and issuing of parking information;
Telecommunication management: be responsible for to the public information of system house upload and to the reception and the management of on-the-spot PDA management information;
Roadside Parking position planning and design: according to the operation characteristic in parking lot, for the construction and the planning of parking position provides data to support, for the design and the traffic organization design of parking stall provides support, with the degree easy to use in raising parking lot.
Aid decision making and management: for the aid decision making of shutdown system and management provide support existing.
The center key-course establishes parking data storehouse, non-at-scene enforcement database and application data base, realizes following functional module:
Parking statistical study: to the state parameter of shutdown system operation, for the planning and the management in parking guidance and parking lot provides the data support;
Parking stall information issue and inquiry:, the issue and the inquiry service of parking information is provided based on statistical data analysis; Set up the shutdown system database, and realize the real-time release and the inquiry service of parking information on this basis;
Static information management: make up shutdown system static database, the electronic chart of Roadside Parking position and off-street parking lot attribute data.
Compared with prior art, the present invention can realize the intelligent management to the road static traffic, helps improving the efficiency of management, alleviates traffic congestion.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the network topological diagram of native system;
Fig. 2 is the data flowchart of native system;
Fig. 3 is the native system functional structure chart.
Embodiment:
Specify urban road static traffic intelligent management system with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, the overall network topology structure of system has been described.This overall system comprises the center key-course, web services layer, company management's layer and field control layer.The center key-course is that vehicle supervision department and car parking department provide service and carry out data interaction with bank; Comprise city traffic control center control platform and bank charge system; Wherein traffic control center control platform in city relates to 4 types of servers and one type of workstation, and the corresponding relation of itself and system module is: the front server intermediate server is used for data allocations with temporary; Data server is supported the statistical study management of sound attitude data and the storage and the conversion of data; The issue of application server support information, inquire about and induce service; Enforcement database support supervision module and the improper evidence obtaining module of stopping; Management work station adopts the mode of B/S to realize the management of car parking department to parking information.Web services layer mainly comprises the equipment such as gateway, router and fire wall of system.Company management's layer mainly is responsible for the toll administration and the supervision of our company parking lot (position); Management system designs five servers and monitor altogether, and it is following with the corresponding relation of system module: data server is supported static information management, parking lot and personnel's attribute information management, trackside parking stall condition discrimination module, the management of induction information; The charge data server is supported trackside charge module; Application server is supported other application management module of parking management system; The information exchange functions of swap server support parking company and center service platform and on-the-spot parking lot (position); Central server is supported the storage and the conversion of data analysis management and data.Company management's layer also can only be provided with the PC terminal and be connected through the VPN network with the center key-course.The field management layer comprises delivery system, off road parking course management system, trackside management system (parking management person PDA) and the supervisory systems (going into position parking supervision PDA and illegal parking supervision PDA) of information.
The entire system data flow of having described shown in Figure 2; In the practical implementation; The data stream of system is mainly concerned with the exchanges data of fielded system and two-stage management system, comprises city traffic control center control platform, Roadside Parking course management system, off road parking management system, illegal supervisory systems and information issue several sections.The data double-way of Roadside Parking management system and center control platform, the data stream of off road parking management system, illegal supervisory systems and information issuing system and center control platform is unidirectional.The Roadside Parking system acquisition is also uploaded the start time of stopping, parking concluding time, Car park payment information, orderly shutdown pictorial information and information etc., and can realize the download and inquiry function of information; Parking stall information and parking lot attribute information are uploaded in the off-street parking lot, supply system induction and decision-making; Illegal supervisory systems is uploaded improper parking pictorial information and parking stall location information; Center control platform releases news to inducible system, so as the inquiry with induce in real time.Traffic control center control platform in city is also carried out data interaction with the bank charge system, realizes collecting and transferring of Parking Fee.
The systematic functional structrue figure that described shown in Figure 3, in the practical implementation,
1. center control platform mainly comprises parking data storehouse, non-at-scene enforcement database and application data base; Realization is to the statistical study management of parking information and pay imformation; So that support for decision-making levels such as the issue of parking information and upper strata policy planning provide data; And, realize collecting and transferring of expense through mutual with bank data, embody by following several modules.
the management of parking charge: charge according to differential Car park payment policy; And carry out data interaction with bank, realize that fee transfers.
parking statistical study: to the state parameter of shutdown system operation; Carry out data statistics and analysis like parking stall turnover rate, parking stall occupation rate etc.; Find the parking stall laws of use, for the planning and the management in parking lot provides data to support.
Issue of parking stall information and inquiry:, the issue and the inquiry service of parking information is provided based on statistics; Set up the shutdown system database, and utilize multiple means such as phone, SMS and internet and trackside information board to realize the real-time release and the inquiry service of parking information on this basis.
static information management: make up parking static information database; Roadside Parking position electronic chart and off-street parking lot attribute data are like its position, parking space number and parking rate etc.
parking guidance: combine existing three grades of inducible systems; Realize three grades of parking guidances, comprise regional or parking guidance, main line are induced with the parking lot turnover and induced on a large scale.
2. Roadside Parking company and the off road parking company of mainly comprising of company level of stopping; Emphasis is considered the function of Roadside Parking in native system; Off-street parking lot other subsystems of management are not discussed at this, only are involved in the relevant functional module of native system, are mainly embodied by following module:
parking stall management: mainly be responsible for the management of the affiliated parking space information of our company, obtain real-time parking stall occupied information;
toll administration: pass through hand-held PDA information down time last time by the site administrator; Through with the message exchange of financial institution, realize paying in real time of parking fee;
The supervision of parking stall: emphasis is compared through supervisor's information of uploading and keeper's pay imformation, thereby realizes the supervision to the keeper;
data analysis: carry out this affiliated company parking stall data statistics, and carry out uploading and issuing of parking information;
telecommunication management: mainly be responsible for to the public information of system house upload and to the reception and the management of on-the-spot PDA management information;
Planning of Roadside Parking position and design: according to the operation characteristic in parking lot; For construction and the planning of the position in parking lot provides the data support; For the design of parking stall and traffic organization design provide support, to improve the degree easy to use in parking lot.
aid decision making and management: for the aid decision making and the management of shutdown system provides support.
3. parking lot (position) mainly comprises Roadside Parking field and off-street parking lot, and the main parking management of accomplishing the scene is mainly embodied by following module.
parking stall real-time information monitoring: the parking position status information is gathered through hand-held PDA in the Roadside Parking field; And the off-street parking lot obtains parking stall information through inner acquisition subsystem, and this information is uploaded to system centre through network;
differential timer supervision: realize the differential parking management of Roadside Parking field, comprise stop period, Parking Time Limit and parking rate etc.;
toll administration: the off-street parking lot charge is carried out through inside charge subsystem; Roadside Parking field fee-collector utilizes hand-held PDA to carry out the Roadside Parking toll administration; The charge means comprise bank card and cash dual mode; Realize the electronization of charge voucher, stop government finance and run off;
trackside illegal parking management: utilize hand-held PDA to gather the improper parking picture of trackside by parking fee collective system person; Comprise prohibiting and stop sign, distant view and car plate picture; And be uploaded to the non-at-scene enforcement database of Traffic Administration Bureau, for the improper parking supervision of trackside the law enforcement foundation is provided through analyzing the back.
supervision of stopping: gather parking stall, Roadside Parking field state picture; Through parking stall state discrimination; And compare with parking fee collective system person's uploaded state, realize supervision to trackside parking fee collective system person.
gateway traffic organization and design: realize the canalization and the traffic organization work of gateway, parking lot.

Claims (7)

1. a urban road static traffic intelligent management system is characterized in that: comprise center key-course, web services layer, company management's layer and field control layer; Company management's layer is connected through web services layer with the center key-course, carries out data transmission, can carry out data transmission, and reads the data message of the field control layer that relates to our company; Field control layer is connected through web services layer with the center key-course, can carry out data transmission, and field data is uploaded to the center key-course;
A) said center key-course comprises city traffic control center control platform and bank charge system;
City traffic control center control platform comprises: these four types of servers of front server, data server, application server and law enforcement data device, and static traffic management work station; Intermediate server, data server, application server, law enforcement data device are connected through internal network with the static traffic management work station;
Front server is used for data allocations with temporary, and data server is supported the statistical study management of sound attitude data and the storage and the conversion of data; The issue of application server support information, inquire about and induce service; Law enforcement data device support supervision module and the improper evidence obtaining module of stopping; The static traffic management work station adopts the mode of B/S to realize the management of car parking department to parking information;
Bank charge control platform comprises bank main, and said front server connects bank main through bank's private network; Bank charge control platform is used for the fee of the bank card modes of payments and transfers;
B) said transport network layer is used to provide data transport service;
C) said company management layer is that trackside management company and off road parking management company provide toll administration of company level, information gathering and supervision control service;
Company management's layer comprises a plurality of Roadside Parking systems of management company and system of a plurality of off road parking management company; Each system of Roadside Parking management company has Roadside Parking central control system of company level;
System of Roadside Parking management company comprises data server, swap server, application server, charging server and central server; The management of the management of data server support static information, parking lot and personnel's attribute information management, trackside parking stall condition discrimination module, induction information; The charge data server is supported trackside charge module; Application server is supported other application management module of parking management system; Swap server is supported the information exchange functions of Roadside Parking management company and city traffic control center control platform and field control layer; Central server is supported the storage and the conversion of data analysis management and data;
Roadside Parking company also can only be provided with the PC terminal, connects city traffic control center control platform through the VPN network, reads the back-stage management data;
D) said field control layer comprises Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, off road parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, parking supervisory systems and parking guidance system;
The Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM comprises a plurality of terminal devices; These terminal devices carry out data transmission through web services layer and system of Roadside Parking management company; With collection in worksite to parking information data etc. be uploaded to said central control system, and the information that provides of issue central control system;
The off road parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is through network and the system communication of off road parking management company; System of off road parking management company transfers to traffic control center control platform in city with the static attribute information and the dynamic parking space information of off road parking company through web services layer, supports for parking guidance system provides data;
The parking supervisory systems comprises a plurality of terminal devices, is used to provide into the supervision of a parking management and non-go into the supervision of stopping in the position;
Parking guidance system is issued parking information, and is accepted inquiry service through transport network layer and city traffic control center control platform.
2. the system of claim 1, it is characterized in that: web services layer comprises the equipment such as gateway, router and fender wall of system.
3. the system of claim 1 is characterized in that: parking guidance system is induced screen issue parking information through network, mobile phone and static state, and accepts inquiry service.
4. the system of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the terminal device of said Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is parking management person PDA, these PDA connect city traffic control center control platform through web services layer.
5. in the system of claim 1; It is characterized in that: the terminal device of Roadside Parking ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM is parking management person PDA; This PDA is that the parking attendant is used, is used for the parking service management, comprises parking stall occupied information collection submodule; The Car park payment submodule, static traffic service submodule;
The terminal device of parking supervisory systems is for going into position parking supervision PDA and illegal parking supervision PDA;
Go into the position supervision PDA that stops, be used for parking management person is supervised, the parking space information of being gathered and institute's information of stopping are uploaded to city traffic control center control platform through wireless network, compare realization parking management person's supervision with parking management information;
Illegal parking supervision PDA is used for roadside illegal parking behavior is supervised, and gathers the illegal parking pictorial information, and is uploaded to city traffic control center control platform law enforcement server, realizes the intellectuality supervision to illegal parking.
6. the system of claim 1 is characterized in that: Roadside Parking management system and off road parking management system, and functional module comprises:
Parking stall administration module: mainly be responsible for the management of the affiliated parking space information of our company, obtain real-time parking stall occupied information;
Toll administration: upload information down time by the site administrator through terminal device, through with the message exchange of financial institution, realize paying in real time of parking fee;
Parking stall supervision: compare through supervisor's information of uploading and keeper's pay imformation, realize supervision to parking management person;
Data analysis: carry out this affiliated company parking stall data statistics, and carry out uploading and issuing of parking information;
Telecommunication management: be responsible for to the public information of system house upload and to the reception and the management of on-the-spot PDA management information;
Roadside Parking position planning and design: according to the operation characteristic in parking lot, for the construction and the planning of parking position provides data to support, for the design and the traffic organization design of parking stall provides support, with the degree easy to use in raising parking lot;
Aid decision making and management: for the aid decision making of shutdown system and management provide support existing.
7. the system of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the center key-course establishes parking data storehouse, non-at-scene enforcement database and application data base, realizes following functional module:
Parking statistical study: to the state parameter of shutdown system operation, for the planning and the management in parking guidance and parking lot provides the data support;
Parking stall information issue and inquiry:, the issue and the inquiry service of parking information is provided based on statistical data analysis; Set up the shutdown system database, and realize the real-time release and the inquiry service of parking information on this basis;
Static information management: make up shutdown system static database, the electronic chart of Roadside Parking position and off-street parking lot attribute data.
CN201110157978A 2011-06-13 2011-06-13 Intelligent static traffic management system for urban road CN102306449A (en)

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CN102903158A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-30 上海研庆电子有限公司 City public platform (CPP)-automatic roadside parking lock (ARPL)-road (RD) roadside parking lock city public platform
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CN102622678A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 System for managing tobacco production infrastructures
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CN102867341B (en) * 2012-09-18 2015-12-02 深圳市格美特科技有限公司 The KXG in parking lot
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CN108898740A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-11-27 北京国网普瑞特高压输电技术有限公司 A kind of device and method of electric car Intellectualized metering charging
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Application publication date: 20120104