CN102269561B - Large-span machine tool guide rail parallelism measuring device and method - Google Patents

Large-span machine tool guide rail parallelism measuring device and method Download PDF

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CN102269561B
CN102269561B CN 201110170211 CN201110170211A CN102269561B CN 102269561 B CN102269561 B CN 102269561B CN 201110170211 CN201110170211 CN 201110170211 CN 201110170211 A CN201110170211 A CN 201110170211A CN 102269561 B CN102269561 B CN 102269561B
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rail
span
machine
device
tool
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CN 201110170211
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CN102269561A (en )
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张小尧
王宗良
周文玺
李亮
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济南星辉数控机械科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供了一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,包括分别与左导轨和右导轨相配的左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块,所述的左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块上分别固定有左连接块和右连接块,所述的右连接块上固定有激光手电,所述的左连接块上设有与激光手电相对应的对正块,所述的对正块上设有激光对正参考点,所述的左右连接块之间还通过钢丝和拉簧连接有高精度钢尺,所述的高精度钢尺的示值部落在右连接块上中间部位,所述的右连接块上设有高精度钢尺的读数参考线。 The present invention provides a large span of measurement parallel to the rail machine tool apparatus, comprising respectively left rail and right rail mating slider left rail and right rail slider, the left and right slide rails each slide rail fixed to a left and a right connecting block connecting block fixed to the right connecting blocks laser flashlight according to, connecting block is provided on the left of the corresponding laser flashlight aligned blocks, said block is provided on the positive and laser alignment reference point, said block further connection between the left and right by the right and the wire tension spring is connected to precision ruler, the ruler of precision indication tribes right connecting blocks an intermediate portion, said reading precision with reference ruler line connecting block. 本发明还根据上述测量装置提供了其测量方法。 The present invention further provides a method of measurement according to the above-described measuring apparatus. 本发明具有测量精度高且易于操作和运输的优点。 The present invention has the advantages of high accuracy and ease of handling and transport.

Description

大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置及测量方法 Large span of the machine parallel to the rail measuring apparatus and measuring method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种测量设备,尤其涉及一种平行度测量设备,具体是指一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置及测量方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to one kind of parallel rails large span machine measurement apparatus and measurement method of measuring apparatus, more particularly to a measuring apparatus parallel specifically means.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前在机床制造领域,对机床上设有的导轨的平行度要求很高,特别是在一些木料加工机床中,其导轨的跨距很大,在客户购买机床后,导轨一般是在机床运送到客户那里后再进行安装。 [0002] In the present manufacturing machines, the degree of parallel rails provided on the machine demanding, especially in some timber processing machine, a large rail span which, after the client machine later, generally in the guide machine shipped to the customer after installation.

[0003] 在以前导轨在安装后,为保证两个导轨之间的平行度,一般采用高精度卷尺对两个导轨之间的间距直接进行测量,这种测量方法虽然易于操作,但由于精度太差不能满足·机床对两根导轨高平行度的要求。 [0003] The spacing between the two guide rails be measured directly before the rail after installation, to ensure the parallelism between the two rails, generally use tape precision, easy to operate, although this method of measurement, but the accuracy is too · the difference does not meet the requirements of the machine the two guide rails of a high degree of parallelism. 为了提高测量平行度的测量精度,目前还有一种机床导轨检测仪,可实现对导轨平行度的高精度测量,但是由于这种机床导轨检测仪提交较大,运输和安装都较为不便,对于这种需要到客户现场进行安装的大跨距机床导轨,平行度的测量极为不便且成本较高。 In order to improve the measurement accuracy of parallelism measured, there is a current detector slideway, enabling high-precision measurement of the degree of parallel rails, but because of this larger slideway detector submitted, are inconvenient to transport and install, for which kind of need to go to the customer site for installation of large-span machine tool, measuring parallelism is extremely inconvenient and costly.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是,提供一种测量精度高且易于操作和运输的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置及测量方法。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide a high precision and easy to operate and transport large span of the machine parallel to the rail measuring apparatus and measurement method.

[0005] 本发明的第一技术问题的技术解决方案是,提供一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,包括分别与左导轨和右导轨相配的左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块,所述的左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块上分别固定有左连接块和右连接块,所述的右连接块上固定有激光手电,所述的左连接块上设有与激光手电相对应的对正块,所述的对正块上设有激光对正参考点,所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝和拉簧连接有高精度钢尺,所述的高精度钢尺的示值部落在右连接块上中间部位,所述的右连接块上设有高精度钢尺的读数参考线。 [0005] Technical Solution first technical problem of the present invention is to provide a large span of measurement parallel to the rail machine tool apparatus, comprising respectively left rail and right rail mating slider left rail and right rail slider, the left and right slide guide rails are fixed to said slider left connecting the left block and a right connecting block connecting block, said connector block is fixed to a right laser flashlight, the flashlight is provided corresponding to the laser alignment block, according to the high-precision steel blocks provided with a positive alignment laser reference point, the left and right connecting block is also connected by a wire precision ruler and a tension spring connected between the blocks, according to the scale indication tribes right connecting block central portion, said right connection block is provided with a reference line reading precision of the ruler.

[0006] 采用以上方案后,本发明大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置利用激光手电和对正块来精确保证左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块在滑动时的同步性,在测量时,本发明无需测量两个导轨之间的间距,只需根据在左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块在移动后两根导轨之间间距的变化即可实现对平行度的测量,在本发明中大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置所述的高精度钢尺只需很短的一端具有示值即可根据右连接块上设有高精度钢尺的读数参考线读取左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块在移动前后高精度钢尺在读数参考线的示值,通过示值之差即可方便的得出两个导轨之间的平行度。 [0006] With the above embodiment, parallel rails large span measurement apparatus using a laser machine tool according to the present invention, Pointer and precisely aligned to ensure the synchronization block the left and right slide guide rails during sliding of the slider, at the time of measurement, the present the invention without measuring the distance between the two rails, only measurement of parallelism can be achieved according to a change in the left and right slide rails between the two guide rail slider after movement pitch, in the present invention span a large precision ruler parallel to the rail from the measuring apparatus of the machine tool has only a very short indication can be provided at one end with high precision with reference ruler reading line read left and right slide rails slide rail according to the right connecting block block indication precision ruler readings before and after the movement of the reference line, can be easily derived parallelism between the two guide rails by a differential value. 由于本发明利用激光进行定位,因而精度较高,且本发明结构简单,提交较小且便于拆卸,便于易于操作和运输。 Since the present invention utilizes a laser positioning, and thus a higher accuracy, and the structure of the present invention is simple, small and easy to disassemble submitted, easy to handle and easy to transport.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝和拉簧连接有高精度钢尺是指,所述的左连接块上设有调节螺钉和第二螺母,右连接块上设有连接杆和第一螺母,连接杆的末端固定有支架,所述的支架上连接有拉簧的一端,调节螺钉与第二螺母之间固定钢丝的一端,所述的高精度钢尺被拉簧的另一端和钢丝的另一端拉紧在左导轨和右导轨之间,通过第一螺母调整钢丝的长度可使得高精度钢尺的示值部落在右连接块上中间部位。 [0007] Advantageously, the connecting block is left with high accuracy is also connected by a wire means a ruler and a tension spring connected between the right block, an adjusting screw and the second nut of the connecting block to the left and right the connection block is provided with a first connecting rod and the nut, the end of the connecting rod is fixed to the bracket, a tension spring connected to one end of the stent wire having one end fixed adjustment between the screw and the second nut, the precision the other end of the ruler, and the other end of the wire tension spring is tensioned between the left and right guide rails, to adjust the wire length through the nut so that the first indication tribe precision ruler in the right middle portion of the connecting block. 本优选方案结构简单,便于钢丝的调节和固定,便于实施。 The preferred embodiment of simple structure, easy to adjust and fix the wire, easy to implement.

[0008] 作为优选,所述的右连接块上设有读数参考线是指在右连接块上固定有标尺,所述的标尺具有同游标卡尺的游标同原理的刻度,所述的标尺的零点作为读数参考线,标尺的另一条与钢尺高精度钢尺对准的刻度作为读数精准线。 [0008] Preferably, the connecting block is provided on the right of the reference line reading means is connected to the right fixed block scale, said scale having scale with vernier caliper with the principle of the zero point of the scale as reading the reference line, and the other scale precision ruler graduated ruler aligned as accurately reading line. 本优选方案利用标卡来定位读数参考线并利用游标卡尺的游标读数的原理设置了读数精准线,提高了测量的精度且便于实施。 The preferred embodiment using standard cards to locate reading reference line and vernier readings using vernier principle provided accurate readings lines to increase the measurement accuracy and ease of implementation.

[0009] 进一步的,所述的标尺长度为49mm并具有50等份的刻度。 [0009] Further, the scale length is 49mm and having 50 aliquots scale. 采用本方案可使的测量的精度提高了O. 02mm。 With a precision of measurement of the present embodiment can improve the O. 02mm.

[0010] 更佳的,所述的标尺长度为99mm并具有100等份的刻度。 [0010] more preferably, said scale having a length of 99mm and 100 aliquots scale. 采用本方案可使的测量的精度提高了O. Olmm With a precision of measurement of the present embodiment can improve the O. Olmm

[0011] 作为优选,所述的对正块上设有激光对正参考点是指在对正块上设有多个同心圆,所述的对正参考点为同心圆的圆心。 [0011] Advantageously, according to the reference block being provided on the front of the center point of the concentric alignment of the laser beam in the reference point is provided with a plurality of concentric circles on the n blocks. 本优选方案利用多个同心圆的圆心作为对正参考点,在对正时便于操作,可实施性强。 The preferred embodiment using a plurality of concentric circle n as a reference point, to facilitate the operation when positive, and strong can be implemented.

[0012] 本发明的第二技术问题的技术解决方案是,提供一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量方法,利用上述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其测量步骤如下: [0012] Technical Solution second subject of the present invention is to provide a large span of the machine parallel to the rail measuring method using the measuring machine of large span parallel guide means, which measures the following steps:

[0013] a.将左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块分别滑至左导轨和右导轨的同一端,松开第一螺母,拉紧钢丝使拉簧处于拉紧状态,拧紧第一螺母使钢丝固定; [0013] a. The left and right slide rails each slide rail slider left rail and right rail at the same end, a first loosen the nut, so that the wire tension of the tension spring in tension, so that tightening the first nut wire fixed;

[0014] b.调整激光手电,使其激光束落在对正块的激光对正参考点,读取右连接块上设有的读数参考线对准的高精度钢尺示值,记录读数L1 ; [0014] b. Laser flashlight adjustment, a laser beam so that the laser falls on a positive positive reference point block, the reading precision ruler values ​​shown on the right of the connection block is provided with reference lines aligned readings, the readings are recorded L1 ;

[0015] c.同步移动左导轨滑块和右导轨滑块至第二个测量点,重复步骤b读取读一个读数匕; . [0015] c synchronous mobile left and right slide rails to guide slider the second measuring point, repeating steps b read read read a dagger;

[0016] d.重复步骤c读取导轨跨度内的多个测量点的读数并记录读数L3、L4、……、Ln; . [0016] d repeating steps c readings plurality of measurement points within the span of the rail and record the reading L3, L4, ......, Ln;

[0017] e.左导轨与右导轨的平行度为:(Max (L1, L2, L3> L4, ......、Ln)-Min (L1, L2, L3> . [0017] e the left rail and right rail parallelism is: (Max (L1, L2, L3> L4, ......, Ln) -Min (L1, L2, L3>

L4, ......、Ln)) /导轨长度。 L4, ......, Ln)) / length of the rail.

[0018] 从上可以看出,采用本发明提供的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置进行测量大跨距机床导轨平行度,操作简便且精度较高。 [0018] As can be seen from the above, the use of large span parallel to the rail machine tool measuring device of the present invention provides a large span of the machine measured parallel to the rail, simple operation and high accuracy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图I为本发明大跨距机床矩形导轨平行度测量装置的整体结构示意图。 [0019] Figure I a schematic view of the overall machine span large rectangular parallel rails measuring device of the present invention.

[0020] 图2为图I的俯视图。 [0020] FIG. 2 is a top view I of FIG.

[0021] 图中所示: [0021] As shown in the drawings:

[0022] I、左导轨,2、右导轨,3、左导轨滑块,4、右导轨滑块,5、左连接块,6、右连接块,7、钢丝,8、高精度钢尺,9、拉簧,10、对正块,11、激光手电,12、连接杆,13、第一螺母,14、支架,15、标尺,16、调节螺钉,17、第二螺母。 [0022] I, left rail 2 and right rail 3, left guide slider 4, the right slide rails, 5, left connection block 6, the right connecting block 7, the wire, 8, high-precision ruler, 9, a tension spring, 10, of n blocks 11, laser flashlight, 12, connecting rod 13, a first nut 14, the bracket 15, the scale 16, the adjusting screw 17, the second nut.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0023] 为便于说明,下面结合附图,对发明大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置及测量方法做详细说明。 [0023] For convenience of explanation, the following accompanying drawings, a detailed explanation of the invention, a large span slideway parallel measuring device and measurement method. [0024] 如图I和图2中所示,一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,包括分别与左导轨I和右导轨2相配的左导轨滑块3和右导轨滑块4,所述的左导轨滑块3和右导轨滑块4上分别固定有左连接块5和右连接块6,所述的右连接块上固定有激光手电11,所述的左连接块5上设有与激光手电11相对应的对正块10,所述的对正块10上设有激光对正参考点,所述的对正块10上设有激光对正参考点是指在对正块10上设有多个同心圆,所述的对正参考点为同心圆的圆心,所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝7和拉簧9连接有高精度钢尺8,所述的高精度钢尺8的示值部落在右连接块6上中间部位,所述的右连接块6上设有闻精度钢尺8的读数参考线。 A large span slideway parallel measuring device shown in FIGS. 2 I [0024], 2 respectively include mating with the left rail and right rail I 3 left rail and the right rail slider slider 4, the 3 the left and right slide rails on said slider rails 4 are respectively fixed to the right and left connecting piece 5 connecting block 6, a laser flashlight 11 is fixed on the right of the connection block, the connection block 5 is provided with a left laser Pointer 11 corresponding with the alignment block 10, the alignment block 10 is provided with the laser alignment reference point, according to the laser alignment reference point is a positive block being provided on the block 10 10 provided with a plurality of concentric circles, the alignment reference point is the center of concentric circles, through wires 7 and the tension spring 9 is connected between the precision ruler 8 is a left and right connecting block connecting block, the tribe indication precision ruler 8 is described in the intermediate portion of the right connecting block 6, the right connecting block is provided with reading the reference line 8 on the smell precision ruler 6.

[0025] 所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝7和拉簧9连接有高精度钢尺8是指,所述的左连接块5上设有调节螺钉16和第二螺母17,右连接块6上设有连接杆12和第一螺母13,连接杆12的末端固定有支架14,所述的支架14上连接有拉簧9的一端,调节螺钉16与第二螺母17之间固定钢丝7的一端,所述的高精度钢尺8被拉簧9的另一端和钢丝7的另一端拉紧在左导轨I和右导轨2之间,通过第一螺母17调整钢丝7的长度可使得高精度钢尺8的示值部落在右连接块6上中间部位。 Left of the [0025] block further connected by a wire 7 and 9 are connected with a precision ruler tension spring means 8 is connected between the right block and the left block 5 is provided with a connector 16 and a second adjusting screw nut 17, the right connecting block is provided with a first connecting rod 12 and the nut 13, the connecting rod 12 is fixed to the end bracket 14, is connected to one end of the tension spring 9 on the bracket 14, a second adjusting screw 16 and the nut 617 fixed between one end of the wire 7, 8 is a high-precision steel rule and the other ends of the wires 9 of the tension spring 7 is tensioned between the left rail and right rail I 2, the wire 7 by the first adjusting nut 17 the length may be such that the indication precision ruler tribe upper block 8 is connected to the intermediate portion 6 on the right.

[0026] 所述的右连接块上设有读数参考线是指在右连接块6上固定有标尺15,所述的标尺15具有同游标卡尺的游标同原理的刻度,所述的标尺15的零点作为读数参考线,标尺15的另一条与钢尺高精度钢尺8对准的刻度作为读数精准线。 [0026] The reading with the reference line on the right refers to the connection block is fixed to the right connecting block 615 on the scale, the scale 15 has a scale with vernier calipers of the same principles, the scale of 0:15 as reading a reference line, and the other scale precision ruler graduated ruler 8 aligned as accurate reading of line 15. 在本实施例中,所述的标尺长度为49mm并具有50等份的刻度。 In the present embodiment, the scale length is 49mm and having 50 aliquots scale.

[0027] 本实施例中根据上述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,提供了一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量方法,其测量步骤如下: [0027] In the present embodiment described above large span slideway parallel measurement apparatus, there is provided a method of measuring the large span of the machine parallel to the rail, which measuring steps of:

[0028] a.将左导轨滑块3和右导轨滑块4分别滑至左导轨I和右导轨2的同一端,松开第一螺母17,拉紧钢丝7使拉簧9处于拉紧状态,拧紧第一螺母17使钢丝7固定; [0028] a. The left rail and right rail slider 3 slide rails 4 each slide left and right guide rails of the same I end 2, a first loosening the nut 17, the wire 7 causes the tension in tension of the tension spring 9 , so that tightening the first nut 17 fixed to the wire 7;

[0029] b.调整激光手电11,使其激光束落在对正块10的激光对正参考点,读取右连接块6上设有的标尺的零点和精准线对准的高精度钢尺8的示值,记录读数L1 ; [0029] b. Flashlight 11 to adjust the laser so that the laser beam falls on the positive precision ruler laser block 10 to the positive reference points, reading the right scale is provided on the connecting block 6 of the zero line and precise alignment 8 illustrates the value of record reading Ll;

[0030] c.同步移动左导轨滑块3和右导轨滑块4至第二个测量点,重复步骤b读取读一个读数L2 ; . [0030] c synchronous mobile left slide rails 4 to the second measuring points and a right slide rails 3, repeating steps b L2 of reading reads a reading;

[0031] d.重复步骤c读取导轨跨度内的多个测量点的读数并记录读数L3、L4、……、Ln; . [0031] d repeating steps c readings plurality of measurement points within the span of the rail and record the reading L3, L4, ......, Ln;

[0032] e.左导轨I 与右导轨2 的平行度为:(Max (L^L^Ls^L^ ......,Ln) -Min (L1,L2^L3> . [0032] e I left rail and the right rail parallelism 2 is: (Max (L ^ L ^ Ls ^ L ^ ......, Ln) -Min (L1, L2 ^ L3>

L4, ......、Ln) ) /导轨长度。 L4, ......, Ln)) / length of the rail.

[0033] 在上述实施例中,对本发明的最佳实施方式做了描述,很显然,在本发明的发明构思下,仍可做出很多变化,如所述的导轨的型式和结构,又如所述的读数参考线确定方式,也可以在右连接块6上固定设有读数参考线,再如所述的激光对正参考点也可以直接在对正块10上直接标出对正参考点,还有,在上述实施中是利用标尺15来进行确定的,所述的标尺15读数是利用游标卡尺读数的原理来进行应用的,在实施时,也可根据需要标尺15设置为99mm长度均为100等份,这样可将标尺15的精度提高到O. 01mm。 [0033] In the embodiment described above, a preferred embodiment of the present invention have been described, it is clear that, under the concept of the invention, many changes may be made thereto, as the type and structure of the guide rail, and if the reading mode determination reference line, may be connected to the right fixed block is provided with guides on reading 6, another example of the laser alignment reference points may be directly marked in direct alignment block 10 to a positive reference point , Further, in the above-described embodiment is determined using a scale of 15, the reading of the scale 15 using the principle of a vernier caliper readings to the application, in the implementation, the scale may be set as required 15 to 99mm length are aliquots of 100, so that the accuracy of the scale can be increased to 15 O. 01mm. 在此,应该说明,在本发明的发明构思下所做出的任何改变都将落入本发明的保护范围内。 Here, it should be noted that any change in the concept of the present invention will be made fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其特征在于:包括分别与左导轨(I)和右导轨(2)相配的左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4),所述的左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4)上分别固定有左连接块(5)和右连接块(6),所述的右连接块上固定有激光手电(11),所述的左连接块(5 )上设有与激光手电(11)相对应的对正块(10 ),所述的对正块(10 )上设有激光对正参考点,所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝(7)和拉簧(9)连接有高精度钢尺(8),所述的高精度钢尺(8)的示值部落在右连接块(6)上中间部位,所述的右连接块(6)上设有高精度钢尺(8)的读数参考线; 所述的左连接块与右连接块之间还通过钢丝(7)和拉簧(9)连接有高精度钢尺(8)是指,所述的左连接块(5)上设有调节螺钉(16)和第二螺母(17),右连接块(6)上设有连接杆(12)和第一螺母(13 A large span of the machine parallel to the rail measuring apparatus comprising: a left rail, respectively (I) and right rail (2) Matching the left slide rails (3) and a right slide rail (4), left rail slider (3) and the right slider guide (4) are respectively fixed to the left connection block (5) and a right connecting piece (6), connected to the right fixed block laser flashlight (11) said connecting block is provided on the left (5) with a laser flashlight (11) corresponding to the alignment block (10), said laser light provided on the front of the block (10) of the positive reference point, said left and right connecting block through a wire connection between the block (7) and the tension spring (9) is connected with a high-precision steel ruler (8), said high-precision steel ruler (8) is connected to the right indication tribe block ( 6) an intermediate portion, said right connection block is provided with a reference line reading precision ruler (8) (6); said left and right connecting block is connected through wires (7 between blocks) and pull spring (9) is connected with a high-precision steel ruler (8) means that the connection is provided with a left adjusting screw (16) and a second nut (17) on the block (5), the right connection block (6) is provided with a connecting rod (12) and a first nut (13 ),连接杆(12)的末端固定有支架(14),所述的支架(14)上连接有拉簧(9)的一端,调节螺钉(16)与第二螺母(17)之间固定钢丝(7)的一端,所述的高精度钢尺(8)被拉簧(9)的另一端和钢丝(7)的另一端拉紧在左导轨(I)和右导轨(2)之间,通过第二螺母(17)调整钢丝(7)的长度可使得高精度钢尺(8)的示值部落在右连接块(6)上中间部位。 ), The end of the connecting rod (12) fixed to a bracket (14), connected to an end of the tension spring bracket (9) (14), between the second nut (17) adjusting screw (16) fixed to the wire One end of the other end (7), said high-precision steel ruler (8) is a tension spring (9) and the other end of the wire (7) is tensioned between the left rail (I) and right rail (2), adjustment of the wire by a second nut (17) (7) have a length such that high-precision steel ruler (8) is the value shown in the right tribe connecting piece (6) on the intermediate portion.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其特征在于:所述的右连接块(6)上设有读数参考线是指在右连接块上固定有标尺(15),所述的标尺(15)具有同游标卡尺的游标同原理的刻度,所述的标尺(15)的零点作为读数参考线,标尺(15)的另一条与高精度钢尺(8)对准的刻度作为读数精准线。 The large span parallel to the rail measuring machine tool apparatus according to claim I, wherein: said connector is provided with a right upper block read reference line (6) refers to the right scale with a fixed connection block (15 ), the scale (15) having a scale with vernier caliper with the principles of the scale (15) as the zero reference line readings, the scale (15) and the other a high-precision steel ruler (8) is aligned as accurate scale reading line.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其特征在于:所述的标尺(15)长度为49mm并具有50等份的刻度。 The large span parallel to the rail machine tool measuring device according to claim 2, wherein: said scale (15) having a length of 49mm and 50 aliquots scale.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其特征在于:所述的标尺(15)长度为99mm并具有100等份的刻度。 The large span parallel to the rail machine tool measuring device according to claim 2, wherein: said scale (15) having a length of 99mm and 100 aliquots scale.
  5. 5.根据权利要求I所述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其特征在于:所述的对正块(10)上设有激光对正参考点是指在对正块(10)上设有多个同心圆,所述的对正参考点为同心圆的圆心。 The large span of the machine parallel to the rail measuring apparatus according to claim I, wherein: said laser is provided on the front of the block (10) of the reference point is a positive alignment block (10) a plurality of concentric circles, the alignment reference point is the center of concentric circles.
  6. 6. 一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量方法,其特征在于:利用权利要求1、2或5任一权利要求的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其测量步骤如下: a.将左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4)分别滑至左导轨(I)和右导轨(2)的同一端,松开第二螺母(17),拉紧钢丝(7)使拉簧(9)处于拉紧状态,拧紧第二螺母(17)使钢丝(7)固定; b.调整激光手电(11),使其激光束落在对正块(10)的激光对正参考点,读取右连接块(6)上设有的读数参考线对准的高精度钢尺(8)的示值,记录读数L1 ; c.同步移动左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4)至第二个测量点,重复步骤b读取读一个读数L2 ; d.重复步骤c读取导轨跨度内的多个测量点的读数并记录读数L3、L4、……、Ln; e.左导轨(I)与右导轨(2)的平行度为:(Max (LpLyLpLp ......、Ln)-MinL3、L4、......、Ln))/导轨长度。 A method for measuring the degree of parallel rails span the machine, characterized in that: the use of large span claim slideway parallel measuring apparatus of claim 1, 2 or 5, measurement steps are as follows:. A left rail slider (3) and a right slide rail (4) respectively, the left slide rails (I) and right rail (2) at the same end, a second release nut (17), tension wires (7) so that a tension spring (9) in tension, tightening the second nut (17) that the wire (7) is fixed;. b adjusting laser flashlight (11), so that the laser beam falls on the n laser block (10) of the positive reference point, read right connection block (6) is provided on the reference line aligned accurately reading ruler (8) of the indication and record the readings L1;. c synchronous mobile left slide rails (3) and a right rail slider ( 4) to a second measuring point, repeating steps b to read a read reading L2;. d repeating steps c readings plurality of measurement points within the span of the rail and record the reading L3, L4, ......, Ln; e. left guide (I) and right rail (2) parallel degree: (Max (LpLyLpLp ......, Ln) -MinL3, L4, ......, Ln)) / length of the rail.
  7. 7. 一种大跨距机床导轨平行度测量方法,其特征在于:利用权利要求3至4任一权利要求所述的大跨距机床导轨平行度测量装置,其测量步骤如下:a.将左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4)分别滑至左导轨(I)和右导轨(2)的同一端,松开第二螺母(17),拉紧钢丝(7)使拉簧(9)处于拉紧状态,拧紧第二螺母(17)使钢丝(7)固定; b.调整激光手电(11),使其激光束落在对正块(10)的激光对正参考点,读取右连接块(6)上设有的标尺的零点和精准线对准的高精度钢尺(8)的示值,记录读数L1 ; c.同步移动左导轨滑块(3)和右导轨滑块(4)至第二个测量点,重复步骤b读取读一个读数L2 ; d.重复步骤c读取导轨跨度内的多个测量点的读数并记录读数L3、L4、……、Ln; e.左导轨(I)与右导轨(2)的平行度为:(Max (LpLyLpLp ......、Ln)-MinL3、L4、......、Ln))/导轨长度。 A method of measuring the degree of parallel rails span the machine, characterized in that: the use of any of claims 3-4 claims a large span of the measurement apparatus of the machine parallel to the rail, the measurement procedure is as follows:. A left rail slider (3) and a right slide rail (4) respectively, the left slide rails (I) and right rail (2) at the same end, a second release nut (17), tension wires (7) so that a tension spring (9) in tension, tightening the second nut (17) that the wire (7) is fixed;. b adjusting laser flashlight (11), so that the laser beam falls on the n laser block (10) of the positive reference point, read right connection block (6) is provided with a zero point on the scale aligned with high accuracy and precision ruler line (8) shows the value of the readings are recorded L1;. c synchronous mobile left slide rails (3) and right rail the slide (4) to a second measuring point, repeating steps b to read a read reading L2;. d repeating steps c readings plurality of measurement points within the span of the rail and record the reading L3, L4, ......, Ln .; e left rail (I) and right rail (2) parallel degree: (Max (LpLyLpLp ......, Ln) -MinL3, L4, ......, Ln)) / length of the rail .
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