CN102189497B - Safety-type spring intensification shot blasting machine - Google Patents

Safety-type spring intensification shot blasting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102189497B
CN102189497B CN201110095771A CN201110095771A CN102189497B CN 102189497 B CN102189497 B CN 102189497B CN 201110095771 A CN201110095771 A CN 201110095771A CN 201110095771 A CN201110095771 A CN 201110095771A CN 102189497 B CN102189497 B CN 102189497B
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China
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shot
chamber
casing
blasting machine
cleaning chamber
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CN201110095771A
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CN102189497A (en
Inventor
付素秀
翟连方
高叶嵩
徐远兵
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WUXI GUODA MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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WUXI GUODA MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a safety-type spring intensification shot blasting machine, which comprises a shot blasting cleaning chamber and a shot blasting device, wherein a steel shot classifier is fixed above the shot blasting cleaning chamber; the longitudinal two sides of the shot blasting cleaning chamber are provided with an auxiliary chamber respectively; a set of steel shot flow curtain sealing device is arranged in each auxiliary chamber and comprises a box body with an upper opening and a lower opening; the upper opening of the box body is connected with a steel shot separator; a shot flow channel which is fixedly connected with the upper opening is formed in the box body; a material control mechanism is arranged at the outlet of the shot flow channel; a flow guide box body is arranged below the lower opening of the box body; and an adjustment mechanism is arranged at the outlet of the flow guide box body. In the invention, a novel steel shot flow curtain sealing device is used, steel shots which are circulated inside the shot blasting machine are used to form a steel shot curtain in the shot blasting cleaning chamber, and a good sealing property is realized, so that the steel shots can be effectively prevented from hurting people by splashing, and the shot blasting machine is safe and reliable.

Description

Safety-type spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to be used for the surface of automotive suspension spring after the heat treatment is carried out the equipment of intensive treatment, specifically a kind of safety-type spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine.
Background technology
Automotive suspension spring after the heat treatment generally need adopt ruggedization shot-blasting machine to carry out surface Hardening Treatment, and the spring behind the reinforcement ball blast can be eliminated the residual stress on surface, improves the surface strength of spring, increases the service life.Existing spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine mainly is made up of super shot blasting cleaning chamber, impeller head, workpiece conveying mechanism, workpiece rotating mechanism, auger conveyor, bucket elevator, shot sorter and dust pelletizing system.Impeller head is positioned at the top of super shot blasting cleaning chamber; It is indoor that workpiece rotating mechanism, workpiece conveying mechanism and auger conveyor are arranged in impeller blasting from top to bottom; Auger conveyor, bucket elevator and shot sorter are continuous in proper order, and the discharging opening of shot sorter links to each other with impeller head.Auger conveyor is delivered to the bottom of bucket elevator with the shot behind ball blast in the cleaning chamber, and bucket elevator rises to shot and is sent to the shot sorter again behind the certain altitude and carries out sorting, and the qualified shot of sorting is delivered to the impeller head ball blast again.This shot-blasting machine stops that by the soft curtain sealing of Polyurethane that is arranged in the cleaning chamber protection effect is limited, can't prevent that shot from sputtering from cleaning chamber to hurt sb.'s feelings poor stability.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problems referred to above, the reliable safety-type spring of a kind of protection effect ruggedization shot-blasting machine is provided.
According to technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of safety-type spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine; Comprise super shot blasting cleaning chamber; The top of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber is fixed with impeller head; Indoor workpiece rotating mechanism, workpiece conveying mechanism and the auger conveyor longitudinally of being furnished with from top to bottom of said impeller blasting, the upper fixed of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber has the shot sorter, and the rear of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber is fixed with bucket elevator; The charging aperture of said bucket elevator and discharging opening link to each other with said auger conveyor and said shot sorter respectively, and the discharging opening of said shot sorter links to each other with said impeller head; Vertical both sides of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber are respectively arranged with concubine; Be provided with a cover shot stream curtain sealing device in each said concubine; Said shot stream curtain sealing device comprises the casing with upper and lower opening; The upper shed of said casing links to each other with said shot sorter, is provided with the stream ball groove that is fixedly connected with said upper shed in the said casing, and the exit of said stream ball groove is provided with material controlling mechanism; The below of said casing under shed is provided with the water conservancy diversion casing, and the exit of said water conservancy diversion casing is provided with governor motion.
Said material controlling mechanism comprises the material controlling spare that is positioned at said stream ball groove below, and the two ends of said material controlling spare are provided with rotating shaft, and said rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on the 3rd bearing block on the said casing, and wherein a rotating shaft links to each other with rotating mechanism; Said rotating mechanism comprises connecting rod that is fixed in the said rotating shaft and the cylinder that links to each other with the said connecting rod other end.
Said casing is provided with and the corresponding position-limit mechanism of said connecting rod position; Said position-limit mechanism comprises and is fixed on the limiting plate on the said casing and is threaded in the caging bolt on the said limiting plate.
The bottom of said water conservancy diversion casing is provided with the chevron shaped plate that drops down, and the said chevron shaped both sides of dropping down plate are provided with the outlet of said water conservancy diversion casing.
Said governor motion comprises second link plate and is fixed on second balance weight on said second link plate.
Said shot sorter comprises upper box, sorting casing and the storage ball case that connects successively from top to bottom; Said sorting casing is separated into blanking chamber, selection by winnowing chamber and assorted material chamber; The top of said blanking chamber is connected with said upper box, and its underpart is connected with said selection by winnowing chamber through feed opening; The indoor link plate mechanism that is provided with the said feed opening of sealing of said selection by winnowing, said selection by winnowing chamber is provided with air inlet, and its bottom is connected with said storage ball case, and its side is connected with said assorted material chamber; Said assorted material chamber is provided with air door regulating mechanism with the place of connection of said selection by winnowing chamber, and its top is provided with air outlet, and its bottom is provided with waste outlet; The bottom of said storage ball case be provided with link to each other with said impeller head go out the ball mouth.
Said air door regulating mechanism comprises the air door plate support and is movably connected in the air door plate on the said air door plate support, and said air door plate is provided with vertical slotted hole, and said air door plate support is provided with horizontal slotted hole.
The bottom of said storage ball case also be provided with link to each other with vibrating screen classifier go out the ball mouth.
The air outlet of said assorted material chamber links to each other with expansion chamber, deduster and blower fan through airduct successively.
Said workpiece conveying mechanism comprises rotatable driving shaft and the driven shaft that laterally arranges; Said driving shaft links to each other with transmission mechanism; Be separately installed with corresponding two loop chains wheel on said driving shaft and the said driven shaft; Two said loop chains wheels that are in the same side are surrounded with loop chain outward, are connected with the driving lever seat between two said loop chains, are fixed with driving lever on the said driving lever seat; The arranged outside of said loop chain has the loop chain protective cover; Said transmission mechanism comprises the roller follower sprocket wheel that is installed on the said driving shaft, and said roller follower sprocket wheel links to each other with the roller sprocket wheel through second roller chain, and said roller sprocket wheel is installed on the output shaft of second reducing motor.
Technique effect of the present invention is: the present invention adopts the shot stream curtain sealing device of innovation, through using the shot that circulates in the shot-blasting machine, in the shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber, forms the shot heavy curtain, and good airproof performance can prevent effectively that shot from splashing to hurt sb.'s feelings, and is safe and reliable; Shot sorter among the present invention adopts selection by winnowing, does not have mechanical power, compared with prior art, has reduced by a cover auger conveyor, has saved energy consumption, and Overall Power Consumption of the present invention is little, reliable operation, energy-saving and environmental protection, compact conformation, succinct; Workpiece has reduced operator's load from the end face automatic blanking, and can realize continuous productive process, and productivity ratio is significantly improved, and operates hommization more; The workpiece conveying mechanism adopts loop chain, easy fracture not, and can be according to Workpiece length regulated at will driving lever distance, interchangeability is good.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the workpiece rotating mechanism among the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the workpiece conveying mechanism among the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the vertical view of Fig. 6.Fig. 8 is the A-A cutaway view among Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the B-B cutaway view among Fig. 6.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the shot sorter among the present invention.
Figure 11 is the left view of Figure 10.Figure 12 is the vertical view of Figure 10.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the link plate mechanism among Figure 10.Figure 14 is the left view of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the air door regulating mechanism among Figure 10.Figure 16 is the left view of Figure 15.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the stream of the shot among the present invention curtain sealing device.
Figure 18 is the vertical view of Figure 17.Figure 19 is the left view of Figure 17.
Figure 20 is the C-C cutaway view among Figure 19.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the water conservancy diversion casing among Figure 17.Figure 22 is the vertical view of Figure 21.
Figure 23 is the left view of Figure 21.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the regulating part among Figure 17.Figure 25 be Figure 24 left view.
The specific embodiment
Be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention.
In Fig. 1 ~ Figure 25, comprise muffler 1, deduster and blower fan 2, auger conveyor 3, workpiece rotating mechanism 4, electrical system 5, expansion chamber 6, a shot stream curtain sealing device 7, impeller head 8, vibrating screen classifier 9, airduct 10, shot sorter 11, super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, workpiece conveying mechanism 13, bucket elevator 14, inspection platform 15, clutch shaft bearing seat 16, driven sprocket 17, first roller chain 18, drive sprocket 19, first reducing motor 20, first motor cabinet 21, roller 22, first tension mechanism 23, second tension mechanism 24, driven shaft 25, loop chain 26, driving lever seat 27, driving lever 28, second reducing motor 29, second motor cabinet 30, second bearing block 31, driving shaft 32, loop chain wheel 33, roller follower sprocket wheel 34, roller sprocket wheel 35, second roller chain 36, loop chain protective cover 37, Mi Gong dish 38, close palace sealing plate 39, pressing plate 40, sealing plate 41, upper box 42, sorting casing 43, storage ball case 44, strut 45, lid 46, peep hole 47, material guiding hopper 48, gate valve 49, go out ball mouth 50, stock guide 51, air outlet 52, striker plate 53, waste outlet 54, air door regulating mechanism 55, link plate mechanism 56, demarcation strip 57, first link plate 58, first balance weight 59, first pipe 60, starting stave 61, air door plate 62, bolt 63, air door plate support 64, laterally slotted hole 65, vertical slotted hole 66, blanking chamber 67, selection by winnowing chamber 68, Za & CAT[N
Like Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3; The present invention is a kind of safety-type spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine, mainly is made up of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, impeller head 8, workpiece conveying mechanism 13, workpiece rotating mechanism 4, auger conveyor 3, bucket elevator 14, shot sorter 11 and dust pelletizing system.
The top of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 is fixed with impeller head 8; Be furnished with workpiece rotating mechanism 4, workpiece conveying mechanism 13 and auger conveyor 3 longitudinally in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 from top to bottom; The upper fixed of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 has shot sorter 11; The rear of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 is fixed with bucket elevator 14; The charging aperture of bucket elevator 14 and discharging opening link to each other with auger conveyor 3 and shot sorter 11 respectively, and auger conveyor 3 is transported to the bottom of bucket elevator 14 to the shots behind ball blast in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, after the shot that bucket elevator 14 transports auger conveyor 3 rises to certain altitude; Be sent to shot sorter 11 again, pill is carried out sorting.The discharging opening of shot sorter 11 links to each other with impeller head 8.
Super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 is places that workpiece carries out Shot Blasting, and workpiece is accepted the shot bump in super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, fly ball and be effectively controlled.12 fens main cleaning chambers of super shot blasting cleaning chamber and two concubines are arranged to have two impeller heads, 8 air exercise workpiece on main cleaning chamber top.
Main cleaning chamber is a Welding Structure, is processed by the high-quality steel, and all by the high manganese steel sheet protection, to replace traditional high chromium backplate, service life is more than 3 years for inwall.High manganese steel sheet can prevent that the shot of sputter from impacting the shot blast room outer wall, thereby avoids equipment damage.The special laying of wearing plate at impeller head 8 places so that the shot of dishing out is concentrated, also can be played control to splashing of shot.All manganese steel backplates adopt special wear-resisting bolt, are easy to demolition and maintenance.Main cleaning chamber one side is designed with an access door, is used for upkeep operation at ordinary times, has safety protection switch, can prevent that maloperation from opening door.
Two concubines are separately positioned on vertical both sides of main cleaning chamber, are provided with a cover shot stream curtain sealing device 7 in each concubine.Concubine is a Welding Structure also, is furnished with access door, has safety protection switch, prevents that maloperation from opening door.In addition, join the soft heavy curtain of many covers system in the concubine, form, be used for further preventing that the shot that splashes from spilling body, the injury staff by the wear-resisting Polyurethane curtain of multiple tracks.
Impeller head 8 is core components of shot-blasting machine, makes the pill of throwing to workpiece obtain higher initial velocity (adjustable-speed), removes surface of the work oxide skin, eliminates the spring surface stress, strengthening surface intensity.
This impeller head 8 is an associated mode, and it is more reasonable to arrange, more compact structure.Motor adopts famous brand name, specific bearing and spindle nose design.Impeller head 8 adopts frequency controls, and frequency converter is installed in the Electric Appliance Cabinet, can be used for adjusting and the rotating speed of stable impeller head 8, realizes the adjustable function of ball blast intensity.The shot initial velocity only in higher scope, is strengthened unlike spring in the past, in order to reach strengthening effect; Draw high the ball blast initial velocity simply, after the shot initial velocity is too high, bring a lot of negative effects; The equipment consumable accessory is not durable, and impeller head, equipment body etc. are fragile, make troubles to corrective maintenance and maintenance etc.; Thereby directly improve economic consumption, cost increases.
Impeller head 8 mainly is made up of parts such as electric motor with vane wheel, blade, shot wheel, orienting cover, impeller head shell and liners.The core component of impeller head is an impeller, has good dynamic balance, and 8 high hardness wear-resisting blades are housed on the impeller; Direct plug-in; Every cover blade weight difference is controlled in the 3g, noise and vibration when greatly reducing the equipment operation, and the service life of prolongation consumable accessory.Also have an orienting cover and a shot wheel in addition, play the effect of control shot impelling direction and preaceleration shot respectively.The ramming head inwall is with abrasion-proof backing block, and it is convenient to change, and abrasion-proof backing block is a special facture, and the flow direction of shot is play the guiding role, and can prevent effectively that shot from splashing.
Like Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, be the workpiece rotating mechanism 4 among the present invention, 4 pairs of workpiece of workpiece rotating mechanism are rotated, so that workpiece is accepted even ball blast, guarantee the minimum coverage rate of workpiece.Workpiece rotating mechanism 4 is installed in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 of spring shot-blasting machine; Be positioned at the top of workpiece conveying mechanism 13; It comprises the roller 22 of the rotatable two same sizes that laterally arrange; Two rollers 22 are installed on the sidewall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 through clutch shaft bearing seat 16 respectively through whole super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12.
The same end of two rollers 22 is separately installed with a driven sprocket 17; Two driven sprockets 17 link to each other with the drive sprocket 19 that is installed in first reducing motor, 20 axle heads through first roller chain 18; First reducing motor 20 is installed on first motor cabinet 21, and first motor cabinet 21 is installed on the sidewall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12.
For tensioner first roller chain 18, first tension mechanism 23 is installed also on the sidewall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12.
First reducing motor 20 is given two parallel rollers 22 through 18 transmissions of first roller chain, is in two helical springs on the roller 22 and produces rotation therefrom, and the variation of its rotation realizes through frequency converter.Two rollers 22 adopt wear-resisting design, and the roller 22 in super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 is furnished with wear-resisting sheath, and the life-span is long.Sheath can be dismantled, and is convenient to parts replacement.Make through computer simulation show the size and the position in equipment of roller 22, can effectively protect the chain of below not directly hit by shot.In addition, two rollers 22 are whole processing, have guaranteed concentricity, are not easy to occur the fault of equipment in the past, have guaranteed the quality of equipment.
Like Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7, be the workpiece conveying mechanism 13 among the present invention, its effect is to stir workpiece to advance, to realize the continuous production of workpiece.Workpiece conveying mechanism 13 is installed in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 of spring shot-blasting machine, be positioned at workpiece rotating mechanism 4 below.It comprises rotatable driving shaft 32 and the driven shaft 25 that laterally arranges, and driving shaft 32 and driven shaft 25 are installed on the sidewall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 through second bearing block 31 respectively.
Driving shaft 32 links to each other with transmission mechanism, by the transmission mechanism driven rotary.Be separately installed with corresponding two loop chains wheel 33 on driving shaft 32 and the driven shaft 25, be in two loop chain wheels, the 33 outer loop chains 26 that are surrounded with of the same side.The present invention adopts loop chain 26 conveying workpieces, and easy fracture is not economical and practical.Be connected with a plurality of driving lever seats 27 through bolt between two loop chains 26, be fixed with outwardly directed driving lever 28 on each driving lever seat 27.Driving lever seat 27 adopts bolt, and mounting or dismounting are convenient, but the distance regulated at will between the driving lever seat 27, to adapt to the workpiece of different length.
Second bearing block 31 of driven shaft 25 links to each other with second tension mechanism 24, comes tensioner loop chain 26 through adjusting second tension mechanism 24, advances smoothly to guarantee workpiece.
In order to protect loop chain 26, loop chain protective cover 37 is arranged in the arranged outside of loop chain 26.This protective cover 14 can guarantee that shot can directly not hit on the chain, and the bounce-back shot also seldom impact on the chain, can guarantee that chain is durable in use; And this loop chain protective cover 37 is dismantled easily, brings convenience for plant maintenance and maintenance,
As shown in Figure 8, between the sidewall of driving shaft 32 and shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber, be provided with Mi Gong dish 38, be provided with close palace sealing plate 39 in the Mi Gong dish 38.
As shown in Figure 9, between the sidewall of driven shaft 25 and shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber, be provided with the sealing plate of fixing by pressing plate 40 41.
The effect of close palace sealing plate 39 and sealing plate 41 is to prevent that the dust in the cleaning chamber from getting into second bearing block 31, can protect second bearing block 31 not frayed, prolongs its service life.
As shown in Figure 8, transmission mechanism comprises the roller follower sprocket wheel 34 that is installed on the driving shaft 32, and roller follower sprocket wheel 34 links to each other with roller sprocket wheel 35 through second roller chain 36, and roller sprocket wheel 35 is installed on the output shaft of second reducing motor 29.Second reducing motor 29 is installed in the top of cleaning chamber through second motor cabinet 30.
The course of work of workpiece conveying mechanism 13 is following: second reducing motor 29 drives 35 rotations of roller sprocket wheel; Drive 34 rotations of roller follower sprocket wheel through second roller chain 36; Roller follower sprocket wheel 34 drives driving shaft 32 rotations; Loop chain on the driving shaft 32 wheel 33 rotates through the loop chain wheel 33 that loop chain 26 drives on the driven shafts 25, is installed in driving lever seat 27 on the loop chain 26 and stirs workpiece through driving lever 28 and advance, and direct landing realizes discharging from the equipment termination.
Workpiece conveying mechanism 13 among the present invention drives driving levers and stirs workpiece and advance through being movably connected in two driving lever seats between the loop chain, can be according to the distance between the Workpiece length regulated at will driving lever, and interchangeability is good; Adopt the loop chain conveying workpieces, easy fracture not, reliable operation; Adopt loop chain protective cover protection chain, prolonged the service life of chain greatly; Adopt chain wheel drive, the chain walking flexibly, the band workpiece advance be difficult for stuck.
Like Figure 10~shown in Figure 12, be the shot sorter 11 among the present invention, be used for the shot behind the sorting bump, qualified shot and crushed particles, oxide skin are separated.It comprises upper box 42, sorting casing 43 and the storage ball case 44 that connects successively from top to bottom.
Upper box 42 is the rectangular box bodies that are welded by steel plate, its side and bottom opening, and lateral opening is fixed on the top of bucket elevator 14 through flange, and the shot that bucket elevator 14 promotes gets into sorter from the lateral opening of upper box 42.The bottom opening of upper box 42 is fixed on the top of sorting casing 43.
Sorting casing 43 also is a weldment, and its inside is separated into blanking chamber 67,69 3 chambers in selection by winnowing chamber 68 and assorted material chamber by stock guide 51 and demarcation strip 57.Stock guide 51 is obliquely installed, and plays the guide effect.
The top of blanking chamber 67 is connected with upper box 42, and its underpart is provided with feed opening 70, is connected with selection by winnowing chamber 68 through feed opening 70.The bottom of selection by winnowing chamber 68 is connected with storage ball case 44, and its side is connected with assorted material chamber 69.
Be provided with the link plate mechanism 56 of sealing feed opening 70 in the selection by winnowing chamber 68.Like Figure 13, shown in Figure 14, link plate mechanism 56 comprises that the both sides of first link plate, 58, the first link plates 58 of rectangle are provided with breach, hang on the otic placode on the demarcation strip 57 through breach.First link plate 58 is provided with one group of starting stave 61, and the outer end of two adjacent starting staves 61 is fused by first pipe 60, and one group of first balance weight 59 is erected on two adjacent starting staves 61.Adjust the pressure of 56 pairs of blanking chamber 67 feed openings 70 of link plate mechanism through the quantity that changes first balance weight 59, thereby adjust the blanking amount.
The sidewall of selection by winnowing chamber 68 is provided with air inlet, is hinged with lid 46 on this air inlet, and selection by winnowing chamber 68 is provided with the strut 45 of propping up lid 46.During the sorter maintenance, prop up lid 46 with strut 45; When sorter does not overhaul, pack up strut 45 and cover lid 46.
Assorted material chamber 69 is provided with air door regulating mechanism 55 with the place of connection of selection by winnowing chamber 68.Like Figure 15, shown in Figure 16, air door regulating mechanism 55 comprises air door plate support 64 and is movably connected in the air door plate 62 on the air door plate support 64 through bolt 63.Air door plate 62 is provided with vertical slotted hole 66, and air door plate support 64 is provided with horizontal slotted hole 65, and air door plate support 64 is connected on the assorted material chamber 69 through bolt.Through regulating the position of bolt in vertical slotted hole 66 and horizontal slotted hole 65, size that can damper, adjustment ventilation.
The top of assorted material chamber 69 is provided with air outlet 52, and the dust that sub-elects is discharged through air outlet 52; The bottom of assorted material chamber 69 is provided with waste outlet 54.As shown in Figure 2, the air outlet 52 of assorted material chamber 69 links to each other with expansion chamber 6, deduster and blower fan 2 through airduct 10 successively, and expansion chamber 6 also links to each other with super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 through pipeline, on deduster and blower fan 2, also is connected with muffler 1.Bulky grain dust is after expansion chamber 6 slows down sedimentation rapidly outside the expelling tube.Deduster adopts wet scrubber, filters trickle shape dust, makes the gas discharging meet discharging standards.Blower fan is that ventilation dust discharges such as wet scrubber, expansion chamber 6, super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 and shot sorter 11 provide source of the gas.Muffler 1 is used to reduce the equipment noise, optimizes work situation.
Between air door regulating mechanism 55 and air outlet 52, also be provided with striker plate 53.Striker plate 53 is welded in the assorted material chamber 69, and its effect is in the air channel, to increase resistance, makes crushed particles and oxide skin deposition, from waste outlet 54, discharges.
Storage ball case 44 is positioned at the below of selection by winnowing chamber 68, and the qualified shot that sub-elects is stored in the ball case 44.The bottom of storage ball case 44 is provided with three and goes out ball mouth 50.One goes out ball mouth 50 and links to each other with vibrating screen classifier, and further sorting shot guarantees the sorting quality of shot more; In addition two go out ball mouth 50 and link to each other with impeller head 8 respectively, for impeller head 8 provides shot.
The two bottom sides of storage ball case 44 can also be provided with material guiding hopper 48, and the bottom of material guiding hopper 48 is provided with gate valve 49.This material guiding hopper 48 links to each other with the shot stream curtain sealing device 7 of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 concubines, so that form the shot curtain that seals.
On storage ball case 44, also be provided with peep hole 47, be used to observe the material level in the storage ball case 44.
The course of work of shot sorter 11 is following: the shot of treating sorting gets into sorter from upper box 42; Feed opening 70 in blanking chamber 67 forms curtain; The wind that gets into from selection by winnowing chamber 68 air inlets forms air-flow between the air outlet 52 of air inlet and assorted material chamber 69, when air communication is crossed the shot curtain it is carried out selection by winnowing, and heavier qualified shot directly falls into storage ball case 44; Lighter dust, crushed particles and oxide skin is assorted material chamber 69 along with air-flow gets into; Under the effect of striker plate 53, further separate, dust is discharged from air outlet 52, and crushed particles and oxide skin are sunk and from waste outlet 54, discharged.
Shot sorter 11 among the present invention makes treats that the sorting shot forms curtain, adopts selection by winnowing, does not have mechanical power, saves energy consumption, and good separating effect; Shot sorter 11 is regulated easy and convenient through the flow of link plate mechanism 56 adjusting shot curtains, through air door regulating mechanism 55 adjusting air quantity; Shot sorter 11 is simple in structure, keep in repair easy, the shot good separation effect.
Like Figure 17 ~ shown in Figure 20, be the shot stream curtain sealing device 7 among the present invention, be used for super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 is effectively sealed, prevent that shot from splashing.
Shot stream curtain sealing device 7 comprises the casing 74 with upper and lower opening, and casing 74 is fixed on the top of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, and its upper shed links to each other with shot sorter 11.In casing 74, be provided with the stream ball groove 79 that is fixedly connected with upper shed, stream ball groove 79 is made up big and down small infundibulate, is used for shot is play the guiding role, and its exit is provided with the material controlling mechanism of control shot flow.The below of casing 74 under sheds is provided with water conservancy diversion casing 76, and water conservancy diversion casing 76 is fixed in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, is used for forming shot stream curtain, and its exit is provided with the governor motion 77 of regulating shot stream curtain flow.
Material controlling mechanism comprises the material controlling spare 80 that is positioned at stream ball groove 79 belows, and the cross section of this material controlling spare 80 is an arc, and its two ends are provided with rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on the 3rd bearing block 78 on the casing 74, and wherein a rotating shaft links to each other with rotating mechanism.
Above-mentioned rotating mechanism comprises connecting rod 73 that is fixed in the rotating shaft and the cylinder 72 that links to each other with connecting rod 73 other ends.Cylinder 72 is fixed on the top of shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber through cylinder saddle 71.Casing 74 is provided with and the corresponding position-limit mechanism 75 in connecting rod 73 positions.Position-limit mechanism 75 comprises and is fixed on the limiting plate on the casing 74 and is threaded in the caging bolt on this limiting plate, through the position of adjustment caging bolt, comes the position of limiting rod 73, and then the angle of restriction material controlling spare 80, thus the blanking amount of control shot.
Like Figure 21 ~ shown in Figure 23, water conservancy diversion casing 76 is welded into square tube type by two relative side plates 82 and two opposing sideplates 84, and its upper end is welded with flanged plate 81, and water conservancy diversion casing 76 is fixed on the lower surface of shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber top board through flanged plate 81.The bottom of water conservancy diversion casing 76 is provided with the chevron shaped plate 83 that drops down, and the chevron shaped both sides of dropping down plate 83 are provided with the outlet of water conservancy diversion casing 76.On every block of side plate 84, also be welded with two otic placodes 85, otic placode 85 is used for hanging governor motion 77.
Like Figure 24, shown in Figure 25, governor motion 77 comprises that the welded top of second link plate, 87, the second link plates 87 of rectangle has round steel 86, and the two ends of round steel 86 are shelved on the otic placode 85 of water conservancy diversion casing 76, and governor motion 77 is hung in the outlet of water conservancy diversion casing 76.The outer end of two second adjacent risers 88 is fused by second pipe 90, and one group of second balance weight 89 is erected on the two second adjacent risers 88.Adjust the pressure of the outlet of 77 pairs of water conservancy diversion casings 76 of governor motion through the quantity that changes second balance weight 89, thereby adjust the flow of shot stream curtain.
The course of work of shot stream curtain sealing device 7 is following: the shot that gets into from casing 74 gets into water conservancy diversion casing 76 through overcurrent ball groove 79; Drop down water conservancy diversion casing 76 chevron shaped under the guiding of plate 83 and flow downward; One shot heavy curtain of local formation naturally in that cleaning chamber is imported and exported is used to block the shot that sputters in the shot blast room.The thickness of heavy curtain is controlled through the synergy of material controlling mechanism and governor motion 77.
Shot among the present invention stream curtain sealing device 7 is through using the shots of circulation in the shot-blasting machine, and formation shot heavy curtain super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 in can prevent effectively that shot from penetrating outward.Simple in structure, easy to adjust, good airproof performance.
Referring to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, the present invention is provided with inspection platform 15 at shot sorter 11 and bucket elevator 14 positions, and is furnished with staircase again, and the handled easily personnel safeguard and repair apparatus, guarantee safety.
The present invention also is provided with electrical system 5, controls each executive component, and the ball blast overall process is monitored.Electrical system 5 adopts programmable controller, has improved automaticity, has reduced operator's labour intensity.Roller 22 rotating speeds and the workpiece speed of travel are realized stepless adjustable by frequency conversion.In addition, be provided with multiple function: a, have manual and automatic two kinds of standards, the former is used for the debugging maintenance, and the latter is used for ordinary production; When b, ordinary production, the ball blast time can set up on their own; The repairing of uncapping of c, impeller head, impeller head interlocking (can not turn round); D, has the automatic monitoring function of elevator belt pulley stall; E, have operation simulation and show and the fault sound and light of alarm; F, have necessary security interlocking and sudden-stop function.
The course of work of the present invention is following: the present invention is the through type ball blast; In the time of work; The staff will justify on the roller 22 that spring is positioned over workpiece rotating mechanism 4 feed zones from top to bottom, and the driving lever 28 of workpiece conveying mechanism 13 will be justified spring automatically and slowly push super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, and the rotation of circle spring is formed by the relative rolling of roller 22 naturally; Two high efficiency impeller heads 8 of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 tops impact a large amount of shots above the circle spring, realize the function of throwing pill strengthening; Round spring through ball blast is released super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12 by driving lever 28 successively, directly falls in the outside buffer bin; Shot behind the ball blast gets into recovery system and recycles; Dust purifies the back discharging by dust pelletizing system.
1, shot flows to: impeller head 8-ball blast-auger conveyor 3-bucket elevator 14-shot sorter 11-ball valve-impeller head 8.
2, dust flows to: super shot blasting cleaning chamber 12, shot sorter 11-expansion chamber 6-wet scrubber-blower fan 2-clean air discharging.
3, workpiece trend: material loading-rotation is advanced-rotated continuously continuously, and ball blast-rotation is advanced-blanking continuously.
The present invention compared with prior art, the shot sorter adopts selection by winnowing, does not have mechanical power, has reduced by a cover auger conveyor, has saved energy consumption, Overall Power Consumption of the present invention is little, reliable operation, energy-saving and environmental protection, compact conformation, succinct; Workpiece has reduced operator's load from the end face automatic blanking, and can realize continuous productive process, and productivity ratio is significantly improved, and operates hommization more; Adopt the shot stream curtain sealing device of innovation, through using the shot that circulates in the shot-blasting machine, in the shot-blasting machine cleaning chamber, form the shot heavy curtain, good airproof performance can prevent effectively that shot from splashing to hurt sb.'s feelings, and is safe and reliable; The workpiece conveying mechanism adopts loop chain, easy fracture not, and can be according to Workpiece length regulated at will driving lever distance, interchangeability is good.

Claims (10)

1. safety-type spring ruggedization shot-blasting machine; Comprise super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12); The top of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12) is fixed with impeller head (8); Be furnished with workpiece rotating mechanism (4), workpiece conveying mechanism (13) and auger conveyor (3) longitudinally in the said super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12) from top to bottom; The upper fixed of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12) has shot sorter (11); The rear of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12) is fixed with bucket elevator (14), and the charging aperture of said bucket elevator (14) and discharging opening link to each other with said auger conveyor (3) and said shot sorter (11) respectively, and the discharging opening of said shot sorter (11) links to each other with said impeller head (8); It is characterized in that: vertical both sides of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber (12) are respectively arranged with concubine; Be provided with a cover shot stream curtain sealing device (7) in each said concubine, said shot stream curtain sealing device (7) comprises the casing (74) with upper and lower opening, and the upper shed of said casing (74) links to each other with said shot sorter (11); Be provided with the stream ball groove (79) that is fixedly connected with said upper shed in the said casing (74); The exit of said stream ball groove (79) is provided with material controlling mechanism, and the below of said casing (74) under shed is provided with water conservancy diversion casing (76), and the exit of said water conservancy diversion casing (76) is provided with governor motion (77).
2. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 1 ruggedization shot-blasting machine; It is characterized in that: said material controlling mechanism comprises the material controlling spare (80) that is positioned at said stream ball groove (79) below; The two ends of said material controlling spare (80) are provided with rotating shaft; Said rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on the 3rd bearing block (78) on the said casing (74), and wherein a rotating shaft links to each other with rotating mechanism; Said rotating mechanism comprises connecting rod (73) that is fixed in the said rotating shaft and the cylinder (72) that links to each other with said connecting rod (73) one ends.
3. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 2 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: said casing (74) is provided with and the corresponding position-limit mechanism in said connecting rod (73) position (75); Said position-limit mechanism (75) comprises and is fixed on the limiting plate on the said casing (74) and is threaded in the caging bolt on the said limiting plate.
4. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 1 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: the bottom of said water conservancy diversion casing (76) is provided with the chevron shaped plate (83) that drops down, and the said chevron shaped both sides of dropping down plate are provided with the outlet of said water conservancy diversion casing (76).
5. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 1 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: said governor motion (77) comprises second link plate (87) and is fixed on second balance weight (89) on said second link plate (87).
6. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 1 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: said shot sorter (11) comprises upper box (42), sorting casing (43) and the storage ball case (44) that connects successively from top to bottom; Said sorting casing (43) is separated into blanking chamber (67), selection by winnowing chamber (68) and assorted material chamber (69); The top of said blanking chamber (67) is connected with said upper box (42), and its underpart is connected with said selection by winnowing chamber (68) through feed opening (70); Be provided with the link plate mechanism (56) of the said feed opening of sealing (70) in the said selection by winnowing chamber (68), said selection by winnowing chamber (68) is provided with air inlet, and its bottom is connected with said storage ball case (44), and its side is connected with said assorted material chamber (69); Said assorted material chamber (69) is provided with air door regulating mechanism (55) with the place of connection of said selection by winnowing chamber (68), and its top is provided with air outlet (52), and its bottom is provided with waste outlet (54); The bottom of said storage ball case (44) be provided with link to each other with said impeller head (8) go out ball mouth (50).
7. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 6 ruggedization shot-blasting machine; It is characterized in that: said air door regulating mechanism (55) comprises air door plate support (64) and is movably connected in the air door plate (62) on the said air door plate support (64); Said air door plate (62) is provided with vertical slotted hole (66), and said air door plate support (64) is provided with horizontal slotted hole (65).
8. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 6 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: the ball mouth (50) that goes out that the bottom of said storage ball case (44) is provided with also links to each other with vibrating screen classifier (9).
9. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 6 ruggedization shot-blasting machine, it is characterized in that: the air outlet (52) of said assorted material chamber (69) links to each other with expansion chamber (6), deduster and blower fan (2) through airduct (10) successively.
10. according to the described safety-type spring of claim 1 ruggedization shot-blasting machine; It is characterized in that: said workpiece conveying mechanism (13) comprises rotatable driving shaft (32) and the driven shaft (25) that laterally arranges; Said driving shaft (32) links to each other with transmission mechanism; Be separately installed with corresponding two loop chains wheels (33) on said driving shaft (32) and the said driven shaft (25); Two the said loop chains wheels (33) that are in the same side are surrounded with loop chain (26) outward, are connected with driving lever seat (27) between two said loop chains (26), are fixed with driving lever (28) on the said driving lever seat (27); The arranged outside of said loop chain (26) has loop chain protective cover (37); Said transmission mechanism comprises the roller follower sprocket wheel (34) that is installed on the said driving shaft (32); Said roller follower sprocket wheel (34) links to each other with roller sprocket wheel (35) through second roller chain (36), and said roller sprocket wheel (35) is installed on the output shaft of second reducing motor (29).
CN201110095771A 2011-04-16 2011-04-16 Safety-type spring intensification shot blasting machine Expired - Fee Related CN102189497B (en)

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CN102962775A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-13 青岛双星铸造机械有限公司 Lifting hook and rotating disc type reinforced shot blasting cleaning machine
CN104369116B (en) * 2014-10-17 2017-09-15 盐城亿之诺机械有限公司 A kind of shot-blasting machine material ball circulatory system
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CN108555781A (en) * 2018-04-29 2018-09-21 华北理工大学 A kind of oscillatory type continuous type round-link chain shot-blasting machine
CN114131510B (en) * 2021-11-04 2023-04-11 徐州全达金属制品有限公司 Shot blasting machine with automatic feeding and discharging mechanism

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US3481080A (en) * 1967-06-30 1969-12-02 Wheelabrator Corp Wire blast machine
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Denomination of invention: Safety-type spring intensification shot blasting machine

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