CN102187875A - Compound pesticide for eliminating longicorn - Google Patents

Compound pesticide for eliminating longicorn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102187875A
CN102187875A CN201010127466XA CN201010127466A CN102187875A CN 102187875 A CN102187875 A CN 102187875A CN 201010127466X A CN201010127466X A CN 201010127466XA CN 201010127466 A CN201010127466 A CN 201010127466A CN 102187875 A CN102187875 A CN 102187875A
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hostathion
longicorn
solution
state
plant diseases
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CN201010127466XA
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Chinese (zh)
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黄孟儿
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of forestry pesticides, in particular relating to a compound pesticide for eliminating longicorn, wherein the compound pesticide is formed by scientifically compounding thiacloprid, triazophos and padding 12C. By utilizing the abundant raw materials, the technical superiority and the active market, the advanced equipment is introduced and the thiacloprid and the triazophos are compounded with a plant intermediate agent, thereby producing the special pesticide for efficiently eliminating the longicorn. The pesticide has the functions of tagging out the injurious insects and poisoning the stomachs of the injurious insects and also has the function of interfering the normal conduction of nervous systems of the insects and arousing the nervous channel block and the accumulation of a large amount of acetylcholine, thereby killing insects by arousing the abnormal excitation of the insects and the general convulsion and paralysis.

Description

A kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide
Technical field
The present invention relates to the forestry field of pesticides, specifically provide and a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide.
Background technology
Pine nematode has caused significant damage and great ecology and economic loss for China's forestry since nineteen eighty-two is imported China into.Epidemic situation has spread and has spread to 14 provinces (district city) 186 counties (district) now, and the deadly pine tree strain more than 500,000,000 of accumulative total destroys more than 500 ten thousand mu of pine forests, causes economic loss to exceed 100 billion.And ecological safeties such as China famous mountains and great rivers such as Mount Lushan, Mount Huang, Zhangjiajie and reservoir area of Three Gorges have been constituted serious threat.
In recent years, China strengthens the pine nematode prevention and wipes out and treat insect pests and plant diseases work, has obtained certain achievement.But because China pine forest distributes extensively, area is big, natural conditions are fit to the pine nematode procreation very much.The southern ice and snow freeze injury that particularly takes place at the beginning of last year causes the large tracts of land pine tree split by the crushing by snow branch, and the pine tree growing way is weak, and the Monochamus alternatus Hope population quantity increases sharply, and provides advantage for pine nematode spreads fast.China's present preventing and controlling pine wilt disease work situation is very severe.
Though pine wood nematode is pathogenic very strong, it does not have oneself to move the ability of propagating, and must rely on communication media----Monochamus alternatus Hope to carry and could spread.Therefore, if controlled communication media, just interrupted its propagation chain, pine wood nematode also just can't infect healthy pine tree, one of key of as seen wiping out and treating insect pests and plant diseases pine nematode is is effectively wiped out and treated insect pests and plant diseases it in the adult eclosion peak period of Monochamus alternatus Hope exactly, cut off the route of transmission of pine wood nematode, can guarantee comprehensively the wiping out and treating insect pests and plant diseases in time of pine wood nematode, effectively, put in place.
The most direct effective method of control longicorn is chemical control at present, and in the agricultural chemicals that China uses always, acephatemet, nuvacron, 1605, parathion-methyl, thimet, flolimat, sumithion, Folithion etc. all special effect agent of Ceng Zuowei longicorn are prevented and treated longicorn.These organic phosphors, carbamic acid agricultural chemicals all are the mould inhibitor of choline fat, and people and mammal and some other beneficial organisms are had higher toxicity.Though these agricultural chemicals have reduced an order of magnitude than organo-chlorine pesticide on consumption, its toxicity exceeds 10 times even hundred times than organochlorine.The pesticide poisoning accident that China takes place nearly more than ten years concentrates on these high-toxic pesticides mostly.At present China uses in the more longicorn agricultural chemicals, and Rogor, flolimat, acephatemet, cypermethrin insecticides consumption are increasing, but this class chemical agent is bigger to people and poultry toxicity, and most of chrysanthemum lipid agricultural chemicals is bigger to hydrobiological harm.
The former medicine of thiophene worm quinoline (Thiacloprid) is Bayer farmingization company and the cooperative development of Japanese Bayer farmingization company.It is novel chloro nicotinic insecticide, act on insect nicotinic acid acetylcholinergic receptor, after science is mixed with preparation, have stronger interior suction, tag and stomach poison function, it is one of efficient medicament of control pierce-suck type and pests with chewing mouthparts, can be widely used in the multiple forestry pest of control, particularly the Monochamus alternatus Hope that general medicament is difficult to take effect has good control efficiency, can effectively cut off the main communication media of pine wood nematode, suppresses the generation of pine nematode.
The mechanism of action and other conventional pesticides of thiophene worm quinoline are different.It mainly acts on the neural caudacoria that engages of insect, by combine interference insect nervous system normal conduction with nAChR, cause the obstruction of neural channel, cause a large amount of accumulation of acetylcholine, thereby make the insect exaltation, whole body spasm, paralysis and dead.
Hostathion (Triazophos) chemical name thiophosphate, be a kind of organophosphorus insecticide, miticide, nematocide of broad spectrum activity, have strong tagging and stomach poison function, good disinsection effect, ovicidal action is obvious, permeability is stronger, and no systemic action is mainly used in control lepidoptera pest, evil mite, fly larvae and soil insect etc.
Though Hostathion is old kind,, also has suitable big market at present because of its broad-spectrum insecticidal activity.Because high malicious organophosphorous pesticide is about to forbidding comprehensively, as its alternative kind, Hostathion belongs to low-toxin farm chemicals, uses safelyr, can be used as still that the large-tonnage Pesticidal products develops.
Chinese: thiophene worm quinoline
Chinese another name: (3-((6-chloro-3-pyridine radicals) methyl)-1,3-thiazoles quinoline-2-subunit) cyanamide.
English name: Thiacloprid.
Molecular formula: C10H9ClN4S
Molecular weight: 252.72
Chinese common name: Hostathion
English common name: Triazophos
Chemical name: O, O-diethyl-O-(1-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-yl) thiophosphate molecular formula: C12H16N3O3PS
Molecular weight: 313.34
12C is that proton number and neutron all are 6 carbon atom, and it is a kind of isotope of carbon, and abundance is 98.89% in world's contemporary carbon element, is modal carbon isotope.Atomic nucleus contains one of carbon isotope of six neutrons, six protons.
12C has strong adsorptivity, the adsorbent that is often used as the powdery object is assisted the use of other article, also intermediate agents that are used as the insecticide of pulvis formulation can make medicament fully attached on the target crop more in insecticide, play the effect of a synergy in medicament.
Use thiophene worm quinoline separately, its medicament does not possess the permeability of the demand of control, and the medicament acting surface is complete inadequately.The independent use Hostathion then interior absorption of medicament shows slightly shortcoming, and the active constituent content of medicament has lacked and has not reached control efficiency, the content height then the toxicity of medicament is excessive, strong to the natural enemy potential danger, suitable use low content goes composite other medicaments to bring into play complementary effect, and simply both mix with it, and then medicament does not possess certain viscosity under granular state, be difficult for during use sticking together on forest, the control efficiency that is difficult to bring into play medicament reaches prevents and treats purpose.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be directed to above problem, providing a kind of wipes out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and uses composite insecticide, both can alleviate present stage wipes out and treat insect pests and plant diseases the shortage of longicorn medicament both at home and abroad, also be a kind of for new select as the double desirable medicament of controlling other insects of broad spectrum activity medicament, have practical practicality and good market prospects.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, comprise the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state, be equipped with the adsorbing base of powder shape, the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state are adsorbed on jointly on the described adsorbing base and carry out physical coupling, and the ratio of Hostathion and water is 7: 3 in the described Hostathion solution.
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 42%: 12%: 46%.
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 60%: 12%: 38%.
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 8%: 60%: 32%.
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 12%: 40%: 48%.
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 10%: 50%: 40%.
Adsorbing base is 12C.
A kind of collocation method of wiping out and treating insect pests and plant diseases longicorn with composite insecticide, it is the adsorbing base that the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state is equipped with the powder shape, the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state is adsorbed on the described adsorbing base jointly and carries out physical coupling, the ratio of Hostathion and water is 7: 3 in the described Hostathion solution, its configuration temperature is 27--24 ℃, pH value scope: 8.2-8.5, the total water content of its mixture after configuration is finished: 1.4%, fineness of powder can be crossed 45 μ m testing sieves.
Insecticide is made into capsule.
Of the present inventionly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, thiophene worm quinoline, Hostathion and filler 12C are formed through science is composite, utilize abundant raw material, technical advantage and active market, import advanced equipment, it is composite that Hostathion (Triazophos) and thiophene worm quinoline (Thiacloprid) are added the plant intermediate agent again, produces and efficiently wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases the longicorn special agent.It had both been had insect tag and stomach toxicity, and interference insect nervous system normal conduction, cause the obstruction of neural channel, cause a large amount of accumulation of acetylcholine, thereby make the insect exaltation, whole body spasm, paralysis and dead.The special plant intermediate agent can be accelerated infiltration absorption crop surface, plays the double action of synergy complementation.Medicament adopts microcapsule formulations, can medicament be sent to the inaccessiable place of the general spraying of forest eminence with the method for dusting.
The key of technology is guaranteed, can adapt to different crop pest controls and use efficiently under the prerequisite various longicorns, and wherein the fineness of the interior powder of the configuration proportion of two main active ingredients and microcapsules is important link.
Of the present inventionly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, its basic mechanical design feature is as follows:
1, insecticidal spectrum is wide: various longicorns are all had good effect, and doublely control other insect.
2, stable performance: be fit to the commerciality storage, and keep its performance more than 2 years.
3, the drug effect phase is long: longicorn can reach 20 days, other insect 15-35 days.
4, can be used alternatingly with other medicament.
5, longicorn poisoning rate is reached more than 85%.
6, to predation and parasite, people, animal safety.
7, can be absorbed degraded rapidly at plant surface.
8, all noresidues in waters, soil, air, environmentally safe.
9, adopt the existing machinery that dusts commonly used, under the calm condition, medicament can be sent to more than 15 meters at least, and desirable height can reach more than 20 meters.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a kind of experiment flow figure that wipes out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn with composite insecticide of the present invention.
Embodiment
A kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and be further described of the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment with composite insecticide.
A kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, comprise the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state, be equipped with the adsorbing base of powder shape, the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state are adsorbed on jointly on the described adsorbing base and carry out physical coupling, and the ratio of Hostathion and water is 7: 3 in the described Hostathion solution.
Embodiment 1:
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base 12C of powder shape is 42%: 12%: 46%.
Embodiment 2:
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base 12C of powder shape is 60%: 12%: 38%.
Embodiment 3:
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base 12C of powder shape is 8%: 60%: 32%.
Embodiment 4:
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base 12C of powder shape is 12%: 40%: 48%.
Embodiment 5:
Percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base 12C of powder shape is 10%: 50%: 40%.
The foregoing description is a most preferred embodiment with embodiment 3.
A kind of collocation method of wiping out and treating insect pests and plant diseases longicorn of the present invention with composite insecticide, be the adsorbing base 12C that the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state is equipped with the powder shape, making the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state be adsorbed on described adsorbing base 12C jointly goes up and carries out physical coupling, its configuration temperature is 27--24 ℃, pH value scope: 8.2-8.5, configuration back water content: 1.4%, fineness of powder can be crossed 45 μ m testing sieves.
Show that through embodiment result a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and prevent and treat locust with composite insecticide with of the present invention, 48 hours effects reach (40-60) % after the medication, 72 hours effects reach more than 85% after the medication; 48 hours effects reach more than 85% after the medications such as control pine caterpillars, cryptomeria caterpillar, the flat sawfly of whip angle China, tea caterpillar; To fall webworm, fine hair poison moth, Yang Bai leaf miner, Matsumura pine scale, cryptomeria caterpillar, chrysomelid, chafer, just tens kinds of insects such as bamboo poison moth carry out laboratory experiment and woodland, field experiment, control rate all reaches more than 85%.
Above-described embodiment, the present invention embodiment a kind of more preferably just, the common variation that those skilled in the art carries out in the technical solution of the present invention scope and replacing all should be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide for one kind, comprise the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state, be equipped with the adsorbing base of powder shape, the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state and the Hostathion solution of oily thing state are adsorbed on jointly on the described adsorbing base and carry out physical coupling, and the ratio of Hostathion and water is 7: 3 in the described Hostathion solution.
2. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, it is characterized in that the percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 42%: 12%: 46%.
3. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, it is characterized in that the percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 60%: 12%: 38%.
4. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, it is characterized in that the percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 8%: 60%: 32%.
5. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, it is characterized in that the percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 12%: 40%: 48%.
6. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide, it is characterized in that the percentage between the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of described dust cloud state, oily thing state and the adsorbing base of powder shape is 10%: 50%: 40%.
7. describedly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that described adsorbing base is 12C.
8. wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases the collocation method that longicorn is used composite insecticide for one kind, it is the adsorbing base that the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state is equipped with the powder shape, the Hostathion solution of the thiophene worm quinoline of dust cloud state and oily thing state is adsorbed on the described adsorbing base jointly and carries out physical coupling, the ratio of Hostathion and water is 7: 3 in the described Hostathion solution, its configuration temperature is 27--24 ℃, pH value scope: 8.2-8.5, the total water content of its mixture after configuration is finished: 1.4%, fineness of powder can be crossed 45 μ m testing sieves.
9. describedly a kind ofly wipe out and treat insect pests and plant diseases longicorn and use composite insecticide according to any one of claim 1-7, it is characterized in that described insecticide is made into capsule.
CN201010127466XA 2010-03-05 2010-03-05 Compound pesticide for eliminating longicorn Pending CN102187875A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103109849A (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-05-22 北京明德立达农业科技有限公司 Fosthiazate insecticide composition and application thereof
CN103749527A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-30 南京盈植康农业科技有限公司 Thiacloprid-containing ointment for preventing and treating forest pest poplar longhorned beetles
CN104365655A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-02-25 福建农林大学 Insecticide for preventing and treating pine wood nematodes and application method of insecticide

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1220087A (en) * 1997-12-17 1999-06-23 安庆市茁壮农药有限公司 Compound insecticide emulsifiable concentrate containing 20% imidacloprid and triazophos
DE102005055190A1 (en) * 2005-11-19 2007-05-24 Bayer Cropscience Ag Synergistic composition containing triazophos and a neonicotinoid insecticide, useful for controlling insects and other animal pests, particularly bugs on soya and cotton
CN101185440A (en) * 2007-12-18 2008-05-28 张少武 Compound pesticides containing avermectin
CN101258848A (en) * 2008-04-10 2008-09-10 浙江大学 Triazophos-containing insecticidal solid microemulsion and preparation thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1220087A (en) * 1997-12-17 1999-06-23 安庆市茁壮农药有限公司 Compound insecticide emulsifiable concentrate containing 20% imidacloprid and triazophos
DE102005055190A1 (en) * 2005-11-19 2007-05-24 Bayer Cropscience Ag Synergistic composition containing triazophos and a neonicotinoid insecticide, useful for controlling insects and other animal pests, particularly bugs on soya and cotton
CN101185440A (en) * 2007-12-18 2008-05-28 张少武 Compound pesticides containing avermectin
CN101258848A (en) * 2008-04-10 2008-09-10 浙江大学 Triazophos-containing insecticidal solid microemulsion and preparation thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103109849A (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-05-22 北京明德立达农业科技有限公司 Fosthiazate insecticide composition and application thereof
CN103749527A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-30 南京盈植康农业科技有限公司 Thiacloprid-containing ointment for preventing and treating forest pest poplar longhorned beetles
CN103749527B (en) * 2014-01-16 2015-06-24 南京盈植康农业科技有限公司 Thiacloprid-containing ointment for preventing and treating forest pest poplar longhorned beetles
CN104365655A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-02-25 福建农林大学 Insecticide for preventing and treating pine wood nematodes and application method of insecticide
CN104365655B (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-06-08 福建农林大学 A kind of insecticide preventing and treating Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and using method

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Application publication date: 20110921